Wild Germplasm for Genetic Improvement in Crop Plants

Wild Germplasm for Genetic Improvement in Crop Plants
Author: Muhammad Tehseen Azhar,Shabir Hussain Wani
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2021-03-15
ISBN 10: 0128221704
ISBN 13: 9780128221709
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wild Germplasm for Genetic Improvement in Crop Plants Book Review:

Wild Germplasm for Genetic Improvement in Crop Plants addresses the need for an integrated reference on a wide variety of crop plants, facilitating comparison and contrast, as well as providing relevant relationships for future research and development. The book presents the genetic and natural history value of wild relatives, covers what wild relatives exist, explores the existing knowledge regarding specific relatives and the research surrounding them and identifies knowledge gaps. As understanding the role of crop wild relatives in plant breeding expands the genetic pool for abiotic and biotic stress resistance, this is an ideal reference on this important topic. Provides a single-volume resource to important crops for accessible comparison and research Explores both conventional and molecular approaches to breeding for targeted traits and allows for expanded genetic variability Guides the development of hybrids for germplasm with increased tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses

Managing Global Genetic Resources

Managing Global Genetic Resources
Author: National Research Council,Board on Agriculture,Committee on Managing Global Genetic Resources: Agricultural Imperatives
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 480
Release: 1993-02-01
ISBN 10: 0309131863
ISBN 13: 9780309131865
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Managing Global Genetic Resources Book Review:

This anchor volume to the series Managing Global Genetic Resources examines the structure that underlies efforts to preserve genetic material, including the worldwide network of genetic collections; the role of biotechnology; and a host of issues that surround management and use. Among the topics explored are in situ versus ex situ conservation, management of very large collections of genetic material, problems of quarantine, the controversy over ownership or copyright of genetic material, and more.

Rediscovery of Landraces as a Resource for the Future

Rediscovery of Landraces as a Resource for the Future
Author: Oscar Grillo
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2018-09-12
ISBN 10: 1789237246
ISBN 13: 9781789237245
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rediscovery of Landraces as a Resource for the Future Book Review:

In recent years, all over the world, the attention paid to local and traditional productions is growing, especially in the agro-food sector. Maybe, it is not only due to the impact of globalization and the social and economic changes but also due to the increased consideration to health and nutritional aspects of food. Hence, for economic, social, historical, and nutritional reasons, this trend has led to the rediscovery and reuse of landraces of many different crops, responding to requests for more and more demanding market. This volume collects examples of local crops and old landraces of different areas of the planet that testify the extreme importance of the relation existing among a land, the local productions, the historical traditions, the conservation of biodiversity, the health benefits, the environmental impact and the local economies, also including the significance to dedicate resources to scientific researches in local crops.

Chickpea Crop Wild Relatives for Enhancing Genetic Gains

Chickpea  Crop Wild Relatives for Enhancing Genetic Gains
Author: Mohar Singh
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2020-02-29
ISBN 10: 0128183004
ISBN 13: 9780128183007
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chickpea Crop Wild Relatives for Enhancing Genetic Gains Book Review:

Chickpea: Crop Wild Relatives for Enhancing Genetic Gains explores aspects related to critical analysis on factors responsible for narrow genetic base of chickpea productions including domestication bottleneck, the level of diversity present in different cultivated and wild species, the uniqueness and usefulness of potential gene sources available and maintained in production systems across the globe, the level of genetic erosion both at landrace and species level over time and space etc. Despite considerable international investment in conventional breeding, production of chickpea has not yet been significantly improved beyond that achieved through its normal single domestication event and high self-pollination rate. Total annual pulse production of ~12 million tons (FAO 2016) is far below actual potential. Susceptibility to both biotic and abiotic stresses have created a production level bottleneck whose solution possibly lies in the use of crop wild relatives and other genetic traits cultivated by tailoring novel germplasm. Presenting options for widening the genetic base of chickpea cultivars by introgression of diverse genes available in distantly related wild Cicer taxa, thus expanding the genetic base and maximize genetic gains from the selection, it is necessary to accumulate other complimentary alleles from CWRs. This review will focus on present status of gene pool and species distribution, germplasm conservation, characterization and evaluation, problems associated with crop production, sources of target traits available in wild species, status of trait introgression in synthesizing new gene pool of chickpea along with progress made in chickpea genomics. An edited book with contributions from leading scientists, this information will guide and inform chickpea breeders, PGR researchers and crop biologists across the world. Presents both conventional and emerging techniques Provides insights into gene pyramiding as cytogenic manipulations Includes case studies highlighting the impact of improving chickpea production

Molecular Breeding for Sustainable Crop Improvement

Molecular Breeding for Sustainable Crop Improvement
Author: Vijay Rani Rajpal,S. Rama Rao,S.N. Raina
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 478
Release: 2016-02-02
ISBN 10: 3319270907
ISBN 13: 9783319270906
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Breeding for Sustainable Crop Improvement Book Review:

The world population is estimated to reach to more than 10 billion by the year 2050. These projections pose a challenging situation for the agricultural scientists to increase crops productivity to meet the growing food demands. The unavailability and/or inaccessibility to appropriate gene pools with desired traits required to carry out genetic improvement of various crop species make this task formidable for the plant breeders. Incidentally, most of the desired genes reside in the wild genetic relatives of the crop species. Therefore, exploration and characterization of wild genetic resources of important crop species is vital for the efficient utilization of these gene pools for sustainable genetic improvements to assure food security. Further, understanding the myriad complexities of genic and genomic interactions among species, more particularly of wild relatives of crop species and/or phylogenetically distant germplasm, can provide the necessary inputs to increase the effectiveness of genetic improvement through traditional and/or genetic engineering methods. This book provides comprehensive and latest insights on the evolutionary genesis of diversity, access and its utilization in the evolution of various crop species. A comprehensive account of various crops, origin, exploitation of the primary, secondary and tertiary gene pools through breeding, biosystematical, cytogenetical and molecular phylogenetical relationships, and genetic enhancement through biotechnological interventions among others have been provided as the necessary underpinnings to consolidate information on the effective and sustainable utilization of the related genetic resources. The book stresses upon the importance of wild germplasm exploration, characterization and exploitation in the assimilation of important crop species. The book is especially intended for students and scientists working on the genetic improvement of crop species. Plant Breeders, Geneticists, Taxonomists, Molecular Biologists and Plant Biotechnologists working on crop species are going to find this book very useful.

Genetic Improvement of Vegetable Crops

Genetic Improvement of Vegetable Crops
Author: G. Kalloo,B.O. Bergh
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 846
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN 10: 0080984665
ISBN 13: 9780080984667
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetic Improvement of Vegetable Crops Book Review:

Genetic improvement has played a vital role in enhancing the yield potential of vegetable crops. There are numerous vegetable crops grown worldwide and variable degrees of research on genetics, breeding and biotechnology have been conducted on these crops. This book brings together the results of such research on crops grouped as alliums, crucifers, cucurbits, leaf crops, tropical underground and miscellaneous. Written by eminent specialists, each chapter concentrates on one crop and covers cytology, genetics, breeding objectives, germplasm resources, reproductive biology, selection breeding methods, heterosis and hybrid seed production, quality and processing attributes and technology. This unique collection will be of great value to students, scientists and vegetable breeders as it provides a reference guide on genetics, breeding and biotechnology of a wide range of vegetable crops.

Gene Pool Diversity and Crop Improvement

Gene Pool Diversity and Crop Improvement
Author: Vijay Rani Rajpal,S. Rama Rao,S.N. Raina
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 484
Release: 2016-02-02
ISBN 10: 3319270966
ISBN 13: 9783319270968
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gene Pool Diversity and Crop Improvement Book Review:

The world population is estimated to reach to more than 10 billion by the year 2050. These projections pose a challenging situation for the agricultural scientists to increase crops productivity to meet the growing food demands. The unavailability and/or inaccessibility to appropriate gene pools with desired traits required to carry out genetic improvement of various crop species make this task formidable for the plant breeders. Incidentally, most of the desired genes reside in the wild genetic relatives of the crop species. Therefore, exploration and characterization of wild genetic resources of important crop species is vital for the efficient utilization of these gene pools for sustainable genetic improvements to assure food security. Further, understanding the myriad complexities of genic and genomic interactions among species, more particularly of wild relatives of crop species and/or phylogenetically distant germplasm, can provide the necessary inputs to increase the effectiveness of genetic improvement through traditional and/or genetic engineering methods. This book provides comprehensive and latest insights on the evolutionary genesis of diversity, access and its utilization in the evolution of various crop species. A comprehensive account of various crops, origin, exploitation of the primary, secondary and tertiary gene pools through breeding, biosystematical, cytogenetical and molecular phylogenetical relationships, and genetic enhancement through biotechnological interventions among others have been provided as the necessary underpinnings to consolidate information on the effective and sustainable utilization of the related genetic resources. The book stresses upon the importance of wild germplasm exploration, characterization and exploitation in the assimilation of important crop species. The book is especially intended for students and scientists working on the genetic improvement of crop species. Plant Breeders, Geneticists, Taxonomists, Molecular Biologists and Plant Biotechnologists working on crop species are going to find this book very useful.

Broadening the Genetic Base of Crop Production

Broadening the Genetic Base of Crop Production
Author: H. David Cooper,Charlie Spillane,T. Hodgkin
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 452
Release: 2001-01-01
ISBN 10: 0851994113
ISBN 13: 9780851994116
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Broadening the Genetic Base of Crop Production Book Review:

This book focuses on the previously neglected interface between the conservation of plant genetic resources and their utilization. Only through utilization can the potential value of conserved genetic resources be realized. However, as this book shows, much conserved germplan has to be subjected to long term pre-breeding and genetic enhancement before it can be used in plant breeding programs. The authors explore the rationale and approaches for such pre-breeding efforts as the basis for broadening the genetic bases of crop production. Examples from a range of major food crops are presented and issues are analyzed by leading authorities from around the world.

Plant Germplasm

Plant Germplasm
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 20
Release: 1984
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCR:31210011007398
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plant Germplasm Book Review:

Wild Relatives of Cultivated Plants in India

Wild Relatives of Cultivated Plants in India
Author: Anurudh Kumar Singh
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 309
Release: 2017-08-14
ISBN 10: 981105116X
ISBN 13: 9789811051166
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wild Relatives of Cultivated Plants in India Book Review:

This book provides a comprehensive overview of the wild relatives of crops and cultivated species found in India, covering their distribution, phylogenetic relationships with cultivated species, traits that are of economic and breeding value, and the perceived threats. It highlights the opportunities the wild relatives of cultivated species offer in terms of new genes and allelic variability, as well as several other exploitable economic and environmental benefits that can be harnessed with their conservation and cultivation. This helps facilitate their use – both directly and as part of the breeding program for related cultivated species, filling the gaps of genetic variability in the primary gene pool. It also discusses how they can be used in breeding programs using conventional technologies and the biotechnological approaches of recombinant DNA. Transfer of natural genes using recombinant DNA, known as “Cisgenesis,” can accelerate the process of incorporating these natural genes without genetic drag of undesirable features and biosafety concerns, and beyond taxonomic boundaries, in response to the demand for new cultivars to meet the challenges of climate change and ever-growing human population.

Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement

Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement
Author: Mohar Singh,Hari D. Upadhyaya,I. S. Bisht
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2013-07-18
ISBN 10: 0123984947
ISBN 13: 9780123984944
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement Book Review:

Grain legumes, including common-bean, chickpea, pigeonpea, pea, cowpea, lentil and others, form important constituents of global diets, both vegetarian and non-vegetarian. Despite this significant role, global production has increased only marginally in the past 50 years. The slow production growth, along with a rising human population and improved buying capacity has substantially reduced the per capita availability of food legumes. Changes in environmental climate have also had significant impact on production, creating a need to identify stable donors among genetic resources for environmentally robust genes and designing crops resilient to climate change. Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement is the first book to bring together the latest resources in plant genetics and genomics to facilitate the identification of specific germplasm, trait mapping and allele mining to more effectively develop biotic and abiotic-stress-resistant grains. This book will be an invaluable resource for researchers, crop biologists and students working with crop development. Explores origin, distribution and diversity of grain legumes Presents information on germplasm collection, evaluation and maintenance Offers insight into pre-breeding/germplasm enhancement efforts Integrates genomic and genetic resources in crop improvement Internationally contributed work

North American Crop Wild Relatives Volume 1

North American Crop Wild Relatives  Volume 1
Author: Stephanie L. Greene,Karen A. Williams,Colin K. Khoury,Michael B. Kantar,Laura F. Marek
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 346
Release: 2018-12-11
ISBN 10: 3319951017
ISBN 13: 9783319951010
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

North American Crop Wild Relatives Volume 1 Book Review:

The plant species that humans rely upon have an extended family of wild counterparts that are an important source of genetic diversity used to breed productive crops. These wild and weedy cousins are valuable as a resource for adapting our food, forage, industrial and other crops to climate change. Many wild plant species are also directly used, especially for revegetation, and as medicinal and ornamental plants. North America is rich in these wild plant genetic resources. This book is a valuable reference that describes the important crop wild relatives and wild utilized species found in Canada, the United States and Mexico. The book highlights efforts taken by these countries to conserve and use wild resources and provides essential information on best practices for collecting and conserving them. Numerous maps using up-to-date information and methods illustrate the distribution of important species, and supplement detailed description on the potential value these resources have to agriculture, as well as their conservation statuses and needs. There is broad recognition of the urgent need to conserve plant diversity; however, a small fraction of wild species is distinguished by their potential to support agricultural production. Many of these species are common, even weedy, and are easily overshadowed by rare or endangered plants. Nevertheless, because of their genetic proximity to agriculturally important crops or direct use, they deserve to be recognized, celebrated, conserved, and made available to support food and agricultural security. This comprehensive two-volume reference will be valuable for students and scientists interested in economic botany, and for practitioners at all levels tasked with conserving plant biodiversity. The chapters 'Public Education and Outreach Opportunities for Crop Wild Relatives in North America' and 'Genetic Resources of Crop Wild Relatives – A Canadian Perspective' are open access under a CC BY 4.0 license via link.springer.com.

Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement

Genetic Resources  Chromosome Engineering  and Crop Improvement
Author: Ram J. Singh
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2006-11-02
ISBN 10: 1420005367
ISBN 13: 9781420005363
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement Book Review:

Summarizing landmark research, Volume 4 of this essential seriesfurnishes information on the availability of germplasm resources that breeders can exploit for producing high-yielding oilseed crop varieties. Written by leading international experts, this volume presents the most up-to-date information on employing genetic resources to increas

The Value of Conserving Genetic Resources

The Value of Conserving Genetic Resources
Author: Margery L. Oldfield
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 360
Release: 1984
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: WISC:89036649317
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Value of Conserving Genetic Resources Book Review:

Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement

Genetic Resources  Chromosome Engineering  and Crop Improvement
Author: Ram J. Singh,Prem P. Jauhar
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2006-01-13
ISBN 10: 9780203489260
ISBN 13: 0203489268
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetic Resources Chromosome Engineering and Crop Improvement Book Review:

Summarizing landmark research, Volume 2 of this essential series furnishes information on the availability of germplasm resources that breeders can exploit for producing high-yielding cereal crop varieties. Written by leading international experts, this volume offers the most comprehensive and up-to-date information on employing genetic resources t

Exploration Identification and Utilization of Barley Germplasm

Exploration  Identification and Utilization of Barley Germplasm
Author: Guoping Zhang,Chengdao Li
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2015-12-07
ISBN 10: 0128029234
ISBN 13: 9780128029237
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Exploration Identification and Utilization of Barley Germplasm Book Review:

Exploration, Identification and Utilization of Barley Germplasm explores the timely global challenges related to barley production posed by the narrowing of biodiversity and problem soils, identifying elite genotypes which will enhance barley breeding and be essential to genetic and evolution studies. The book covers the utilization of barley germplasm for improving the quality of both food and feed barley as well as exploring and utilizing varieties of germplasm that are tolerant to drought, waterlogged, salt, and acid soil. Chapters are devoted to prime strategies for future research, including identifying barley germplasm by applying Omics, exploring barley germplasm by means of the Focused Identification of Germplasm Strategy (FIGS), and creating barley germplasm through mutation. Users will find this book to be a key research reference for both professionals and academics, providing a comprehensive update for established barley researchers that equips them with an understanding of the new methodologies needed for innovation and discovery, while also providing a helpful entry to the subject for young researchers and students. Provides a one-stop shop to acquire a speedy overview of the main and recently applied issues of barley breeding Provides newly-developed methodologies in barley germplasm research Describes special genotypes from wild barley, including Tibetan wild barley, which show a high tolerance to abiotic stresses and carry different alleles from cultivated barley

Germplasm Resources and Genetic Improvement of Vegetable Crops in the Tropics

Germplasm Resources and Genetic Improvement of Vegetable Crops in the Tropics
Author: Prem Nath,Taysir Badra,Lanre Denton
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 169
Release: 1987
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: CORNELL:31924063906956
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Germplasm Resources and Genetic Improvement of Vegetable Crops in the Tropics Book Review:

Plant Breeding in the Omics Era

Plant Breeding in the Omics Era
Author: Rodomiro Ortiz Ríos
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 249
Release: 2015-09-16
ISBN 10: 3319205323
ISBN 13: 9783319205328
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plant Breeding in the Omics Era Book Review:

​The field of plant breeding has grown rapidly in the last decade with breakthrough research in genetics and genomics, inbred development, population improvement, hybrids, clones, self-pollinated crops, polyploidy, transgenic breeding and more. This book discusses the latest developments in all these areas but explores the next generation of needs and discoveries including omics beyond genomics, cultivar seeds and intellectual and property rights. This book is a leading-edge publication of the latest results and forecasts important areas of future needs and applications.​

Biotic Diversity and Germplasm Preservation Global Imperatives

Biotic Diversity and Germplasm Preservation  Global Imperatives
Author: Lloyd Knutson,Allan K. Stoner
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 532
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9400923333
ISBN 13: 9789400923331
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biotic Diversity and Germplasm Preservation Global Imperatives Book Review:

Topics for the Beltsville Symposia are selected to highlight specific areas of research and science policy that are of concern to scientists in the Beltsville Area as well as to the general scientific community. Each sympo sium in the series is structured to provide a realistic appraisal of current findings, research progress, and relevant policy issues within the constraints established by the organizing committee. Thus, the presentations and dis cussions that have marked these symposia have had a strong appeal to the broad community of scientists. Knowledge of the diversity of living organisms is still quite limited. Since the time of Linnaeus, about 1.7 million species have been described. The actual number has been estimated between 5-50 million. Many species, land races, and strains are vanishing. Clearly, the world's scientific institutions are inadequately equipped to attain sufficient knowledge of a significant fraction of the diverse living forms. Also, efforts in the collection and preservation of germplasm of plants and animals urgently need to be strengthened. These mattes are critically important to future generations. This symposium addresses vital concerns of biotic diversity and germ plasm preservation from diverse perspectives. Many of the parts provide concrete recommendations for action, and they call attention to areas of research that must be pursued with intensity.

Molecular Genetics Genomics and Biotechnology of Crop Plants Breeding

Molecular Genetics  Genomics and Biotechnology of Crop Plants Breeding
Author: Søren K. Rasmussen
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 238
Release: 2020-05-27
ISBN 10: 3039288776
ISBN 13: 9783039288779
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Genetics Genomics and Biotechnology of Crop Plants Breeding Book Review:

This Special Issue on molecular genetics, genomics, and biotechnology in crop plant breeding seeks to encourage the use of the tools currently available. It features nine research papers that address quality traits, grain yield, and mutations by exploring cytoplasmic male sterility, the delicate control of flowering in rice, the removal of anti-nutritional factors, the use and development of new technologies for non-model species marker technology, site-directed mutagenesis and GMO regulation, genomics selection and genome-wide association studies, how to cope with abiotic stress, and an exploration of fruit trees adapted to harsh environments for breeding purposes. A further four papers review the genetics of pre-harvest spouting, readiness for climate-smart crop development, genomic selection in the breeding of cereal crops, and the large numbers of mutants in straw lignin biosynthesis and deposition.