Wheat and Barley Grain Biofortification

Wheat and Barley Grain Biofortification
Author: Om Prakash Gupta,Vanita Pandey,Sneh Narwal,Pradeep Sharma,Sewa Ram,Gyanendra Pratap Singh
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 364
Release: 2020-05-19
ISBN 10: 0128184450
ISBN 13: 9780128184455
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wheat and Barley Grain Biofortification Book Review:

Wheat and Barley Grain Biofortification addresses topics associated with the alleviation of malnutrition in globally diverse populations via wheat and barley biofortification. The book synthesizes the current trends of malnutrition across the globe, the need for wheat and barley nutritional enhancement and how agronomic, microbial and molecular understanding of biofortification can help in devising significant approaches and strategies. In addition, it includes discussions on potential genetic variability available and their efficient utilization in wheat and barley for molecular breeding for nutrients, challenges and opportunities for bioavailability, and technical advancement for analysis of bioavailability. Addresses the need for wheat and barley biofortification to address global nutrition demands Places emphasis on the current agronomic and molecular understanding of biofortification Discusses the potential utilization of genetic variability Highlights the economics of biofortification over fortification technology

New Horizons in Wheat and Barley Research

New Horizons in Wheat and Barley Research
Author: Prem Lal Kashyap,Vikas Gupta,Om Prakash Gupta,R. Sendhil,K. Gopalareddy,Poonam Jasrotia,Gyanendra Pratap Singh
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-10-07
ISBN 10: 9789811644481
ISBN 13: 9811644489
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Horizons in Wheat and Barley Research Book Review:

This book outlines comprehensive information on the global trends, policies, research priorities and frontier innovations made in the research domain of breeding, biotechnology, biofortification and quality enhancement of wheat and barley. With contributions by international group of leading wheat and barley researchers, this book offers data-based insights along with a holistic view of the subject and serve as a vital resource of information for scientists engaged in breeding future high-yielding biofortified varieties. It catalogs both conventional as well as modern tools for gene identification and genome editing interventions for enhancing the yield, grain quality, disease and pest resistance, nutrient-use efficiency and abiotic stress tolerance. The prospects of processing high quality wheat end-products with long term storage and high nutritional quality are also discussed. This book is of interest to teachers, researchers, molecular breeders, cereal biochemists and biotechnologist, policymakers and professionals working in the area of wheat and barley research, food and cereal industry. Also, the book serves as an additional reading material for the undergraduate and graduate students of agriculture and food sciences. National and international agricultural scientists, policy makers will also find this book to be a useful read. Volume 2 of New Horizons in Wheat and Barley Research covers topics in crop protection and resource management.

Use of Barley and Wheat Reference Sequences Downstream Applications in Breeding Gene Isolation GWAS and Evolution

Use of Barley and Wheat Reference Sequences  Downstream Applications in Breeding  Gene Isolation  GWAS and Evolution
Author: Dragan Perovic,Hikmet Budak,Kazuhiro Sato,Pierre Sourdille
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-08-27
ISBN 10: 2889639630
ISBN 13: 9782889639632
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Use of Barley and Wheat Reference Sequences Downstream Applications in Breeding Gene Isolation GWAS and Evolution Book Review:

Wheat Quality For Improving Processing And Human Health

Wheat Quality For Improving Processing And Human Health
Author: Gilberto Igrejas,Tatsuya M. Ikeda,Carlos Guzmán
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 557
Release: 2020-03-17
ISBN 10: 3030341631
ISBN 13: 9783030341633
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wheat Quality For Improving Processing And Human Health Book Review:

Wheat Quality for Improving Processing and Human Health brings together an international group of leading wheat scientists to outline highly relevant and diverse aspects and the latest advances in understanding of the world’s most consumed cereal. Topics covered include LMW glutenins, starch-related proteins, and the impact of processing on composition and consumer health. Individual chapters focus on important factors such as FODMAPs, protein structure, dough viscoelasticity and fumonisins. The environmental effects on allergen content are comprehensively covered, as are phenolic compounds and molecular markers. The major quality screening tools and genetic resources are reviewed in depth. Gluten is a major focus of this work with chapters dedicated to health effects, analytical methods and standards, proteomics and mutant proteins. Starting in 2015, wheat quality scientists from across the globe have united to develop the Expert Working Group for Improving Wheat Quality for Processing and Health under the umbrella of the Wheat Initiative. This joint effort provides a framework to establish strategic research and organisation priorities for wheat research at the international level in both developed and developing countries. This Expert Working Group aims to maintain and improve wheat quality for processing and health under varying environmental conditions. The Group focuses on a broad range of wheat quality issues including seed proteins, carbohydrates, nutrition quality and micronutrient content, grain processing and food safety. Bioactive compounds are also considered, both those with negative effects such as allergens and mycotoxins, and those with positive effects such as antioxidants and fibre. The Group also works in the development of germplasm sets and other tools that promote wheat quality research. Wheat quality specialists working on the wheat value chain, and nutritionists will find this book a useful resource to increase and update their knowledge of wheat quality, nutrition and health issues.

Biofortification of Food Crops

Biofortification of Food Crops
Author: Ummed Singh,C S Praharaj,S S Singh,N P Singh
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 492
Release: 2016-01-22
ISBN 10: 8132227166
ISBN 13: 9788132227168
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofortification of Food Crops Book Review:

The chapters presented in this book ‘Biofortification of Food Crops’ depict how agricultural technological interventions have true role in alleviating malnutrition. This book highlights the role of multidisciplinary approaches to cope up with the challenges of micronutrient malnutrition or hidden hunger which is an alarming public health issue in most parts of the world including India. In this endeavour, different biofortification approaches such as agronomic (or ferti-fortification), breeding, biotechnological, physiological, microbial etc. has fulfilled their different mandates of nutrient enrichment of food crops including cereals and pulses. The contents of the book proves that biofortified plants have adequate potential to nourish nutrient depleted soils, help increase crop productivity and provide nutritional benefits to plants, humans and livestock. The content and quality of information presented in this book will definitely provide multiple novel ideas of advance techniques and will stimulate innovative thoughts and directions amongst researchers and policy makers in the field of biofortification. In addition, the contributions presented in the book will be a good source of background knowledge and technical know-how to educate the readers about biofortification. The authors hope that the book entitled “Biofortification of Food Crops” would provide a suitable platform in our collective efforts for an appropriate dialogue among the scientists, researchers, entrepreneurs, policy makers and farmers in reducing the budding issues of malnutrition through novel approaches and means.

Molecular Advances in Wheat and Barley

Molecular Advances in Wheat and Barley
Author: Manuel Martinez
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2019-08-20
ISBN 10: 3039213717
ISBN 13: 9783039213719
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Advances in Wheat and Barley Book Review:

Allohexaploid bread wheat and diploid barley are two of the most cultivated crops in the world. This book reports novel research and reviews concerning the use of modern technologies to understand the molecular bases for wheat and barley improvement. The contributions published in this book illustrate research advances in wheat and barley knowledge using modern molecular techniques. These molecular approaches cover genomic, transcriptomic, proteomic, and phenomic levels, together with new tools for gene identification and the development of novel molecular markers. Overall, the contributions for this book lead to a further understanding of regulatory systems in order to improve wheat and barley performance.

Cereal Grains for the Food and Beverage Industries

Cereal Grains for the Food and Beverage Industries
Author: Elke K Arendt,Emanuele Zannini
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2013-04-09
ISBN 10: 0857098926
ISBN 13: 9780857098924
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cereal Grains for the Food and Beverage Industries Book Review:

Cereals are a staple of the human diet and have a significant effect on health. As a result, they are of major significance to the food industry. Cereal grains for the food and beverage industries provides a comprehensive overview of all of the important cereal and pseudo-cereal species, from their composition to their use in food products. The book reviews the major cereal species, starting with wheat and triticale before covering rye, barley and oats. It goes on to discuss other major species such as rice, maize, sorghum and millet, as well as pseudo-cereals such as buckwheat, quinoa and amaranth. Each chapter reviews grain structure, chemical composition (including carbohydrate and protein content), processing and applications in food and beverage products. Cereal grains for the food and beverage industries is an essential reference for academic researchers interested in the area of cereal grains and products. It is also an invaluable reference for professionals in the food and beverage industry working with cereal products, including ingredient manufacturers, food technologists, nutritionists, as well as policy-makers and health care professionals. A comprehensive overview of all of the important cereal and pseudo-cereal species Chapters review each of the following species: Wheat, Maize, Rice, Barley, Triticale, Rye, Oats, Sorghum, Millet, Teff, Buckwheat, Quinoa and Amaranth Reviews grain structure, chemical composition, processing and applications in food and beverage products for each of the considered grains

Wheat Improvement Management and Utilization

Wheat Improvement  Management and Utilization
Author: Ruth Wanyera,James Owuoche
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 394
Release: 2017-05-24
ISBN 10: 9535131516
ISBN 13: 9789535131519
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wheat Improvement Management and Utilization Book Review:

The Wheat Improvement, Management, and Utilization book covers some of the most recent research areas that touch on enhancement of wheat productivity. It is obvious that wheat is one of the major staple crops grown globally. This crop has widely been researched on considering that, for instance, it is afflicted by various abiotic and biotic stresses that limit its growth and productivity. Today?s goal of wheat improvement consistently is to develop varieties that are high yielding with good processing and technological qualities, well adapted and tolerant to prevailing biotic and abiotic stresses. Therefore, this is a valuable reference book on wheat improvement, agronomy, and end-use qualities, particularly for those who work in research organizations and higher academic institutions. Moreover, it provides an invaluable resource for readers interested in a quick review of trending topics in wheat.

Food Biofortification Technologies

Food Biofortification Technologies
Author: Agnieszka Saeid
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2017-11-22
ISBN 10: 1351230832
ISBN 13: 9781351230834
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Food Biofortification Technologies Book Review:

Biofortification, which can be defined as the process of increasing the content/density of essential nutrients and/or its bioavailability of food with valuable compounds, is a promising means of increasing nutrient intakes. Traditional fortification practices in which exogenous nutrients are added to food can increase the content of nutrients but the use of biofortified foods with nutrients also may deliver the compounds in a more available form, as well as boost the overall relative effectiveness of these foods in raising nutrients status. Food Biofortification Technologies presents the state of the art in the field of novel methods of fortification and agricultural treatments as a way to improve the quality of obtained food products or compounds enriched with valuable nutrients. The book deals with fortification methods and agricultural treatments, which can improve the quality of food products or other agricultural compounds, providing them with a higher density of valuable nutrients. The utilization of novel products, such as feed additives and fertilizers, can avert nutrients depletion in food products. The book describes new and conventional methods of introducing valuable compounds into food components and presents the application of biosorption, bioaccumulation, and utilization of fertilizers in obtaining designer food. Attention is paid to the use of biomass as the carrier of nutrients such as microelements into the food components. The chapters are dedicated to specific food products and their nutrient components. The first chapter discusses the agronomic biofortification with micronutrients where the fertilization strategies are pointed out as a key to plant/cereals fortification. Other chapters present the fortification of animal foodstuffs such as meat, fish, milk, and eggs as well as the fortification of plant foodstuffs such as vegetables, fruits, and cereals. The book also explores advances in food fortification with vitamins and co-vitamins, essential minerals, essential fatty and amino acids, phytonutrients, and enzymes.

Phytic Acid and Mineral Biofortification Strategies

Phytic Acid and Mineral Biofortification Strategies
Author: Eleonora Cominelli,Francesca Sparvoli,Roberto Pilu
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 194
Release: 2020-12-15
ISBN 10: 303936202X
ISBN 13: 9783039362028
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phytic Acid and Mineral Biofortification Strategies Book Review:

Two billion people worldwide, mainly in developing countries, where diets are based on the consumption of staple crops, suffer from mineral deficiencies, particularly for iron and zinc. Mineral biofortification includes different strategies aimed to increase mineral concentration and to improve mineral availability from the diet (mineral bioavailability) in the edible parts of plants, particularly the seeds. Phytic acid is a compound that strongly reduces mineral bioavailability as, being highly negatively charged, it strongly binds cations, acting as a magnet. All the contributions in this book aim to describe new results, review the literature, and comment on some of the economic and sociological aspects concerning mineral biofortification research. A number of contributions are related to the study of mineral transport, seed accumulation, and approaches to increase seed micronutrient concentration. The remaining ones are mainly focused on the study of low phytic acid mutants.

Advances in Seed Production and Management

Advances in Seed Production and Management
Author: Ajay Kumar Tiwari
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 626
Release: 2021-03-30
ISBN 10: 9811541981
ISBN 13: 9789811541988
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Seed Production and Management Book Review:

High-quality seed is essential for healthy crops and greater agricultural productivity. At the same time, advances in breeding technology require equivalent advances in seed technology. In order to ensure food security, it is crucial to develop seeds that are high yielding, and resistant to drought, heat, cold, and insects. Gathering the latest research in seed sciences, the book includes contributions on seed production in crops such as legumes, sugar, rice, wheat and other cereals. It discusses a range of topics, like the effect of climate change on seed quality, production and storage; seed rouging; seed certification for different crop species; seed biology; and seed pathologies and their effective management. Integrating basic and applied research, this compendium provides valuable insights for researchers and students in agricultural and life sciences; professionals involved in seed certification and those working in quarantine laboratories; as well as plant pathologists.

Genetic and Genomic Resources for Grain Cereals Improvement

Genetic and Genomic Resources for Grain Cereals Improvement
Author: Mohar Singh,Hari D. Upadhyaya
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2015-11-10
ISBN 10: 0128020377
ISBN 13: 9780128020371
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetic and Genomic Resources for Grain Cereals Improvement Book Review:

Genetic and Genomic Resources For Cereals Improvement is the first book to bring together the latest available genetic resources and genomics to facilitate the identification of specific germplasm, trait mapping, and allele mining that are needed to more effectively develop biotic and abiotic-stress-resistant grains. As grain cereals, including rice, wheat, maize, barley, sorghum, and millets constitute the bulk of global diets, both of vegetarian and non-vegetarian, there is a greater need for further genetic improvement, breeding, and plant genetic resources to secure the future food supply. This book is an invaluable resource for researchers, crop biologists, and students working with crop development and the changes in environmental climate that have had significant impact on crop production. It includes the latest information on tactics that ensure that environmentally robust genes and crops resilient to climate change are identified and preserved. Provides a single-volume resource on the global research work on grain cereals genetics and genomics Presents information for effectively managing and utilizing the genetic resources of this core food supply source Includes coverage of rice, wheat, maize, barley, sorghum, and pearl, finger and foxtail millets

Cereal Grain based Functional Foods

Cereal Grain based Functional Foods
Author: Trust Beta,Mary Ellen Camire
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 362
Release: 2018-09-06
ISBN 10: 1788015320
ISBN 13: 9781788015325
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cereal Grain based Functional Foods Book Review:

Globally, cereal grains are a staple part of the diet providing primarily carbohydrates and other phytochemical components. Detailed coverage of the composition and functionality of the bulk carbohydrate components, specifically starch, beta-glucans, and arabinoxylans, and the trace phytochemical components, i.e. phenolic compounds such as phenolic acids, anthocyanins, deoxyanthocyanins, and proanthocyanidins in cereal grains and grain products is provided. Considerable attention is paid to the interactions between carbohydrate and non-carbohydrate components in grains including starch–protein and starch–lipid interactions and their effects on starch digestibility. The phenolic constituents bound to grain dietary fiber also receive detailed consideration and the final chapter presents a review that discusses whole grain–gut microbiota interactions identifying new areas of research that may contribute to a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms linked to human health. This book provides researchers, clinicians and students with a comprehensive compendium on aspects of whole grain components and brings the literature up to date.

New Horizons in Wheat and Barley Research

New Horizons in Wheat and Barley Research
Author: Prem Lal Kashyap,Vikas Gupta,Om Prakash Gupta,Sendhil R.,Gopalareddy K.,Poonam Jasrotia,Gyanendra Pratap Singh
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-11-01
ISBN 10: 9789811641336
ISBN 13: 9811641331
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Horizons in Wheat and Barley Research Book Review:

This book outlines comprehensive information on the global trends, policies, research priorities and frontier innovations made in the research domain of breeding, biotechnology, biofortification and quality enhancement of wheat and barley. With contributions by international group of leading wheat and barley researchers, this book offers data-based insights along with a holistic view of the subject and serve as a vital resource of information for scientists engaged in breeding future high-yielding biofortified varieties. It catalogs both conventional as well as modern tools for gene identification and genome editing interventions for enhancing the yield, grain quality, disease and pest resistance, nutrient-use efficiency and abiotic stress tolerance. The prospects of processing high quality wheat end-products with long term storage and high nutritional quality are also discussed. This book is of interest to teachers, researchers, molecular breeders, cereal biochemists and biotechnologist, policymakers and professionals working in the area of wheat and barley research, food and cereal industry. Also, the book serves as an additional reading material for the undergraduate and graduate students of agriculture and food sciences. National and international agricultural scientists, policy makers will also find this book to be a useful read. Volume 2 of New Horizons in Wheat and Barley Research covers topics in crop protection and resource management.

Sprouted Grains

Sprouted Grains
Author: Hao Feng,Boris Nemzer,Jonathan W. Devries
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2018-10-11
ISBN 10: 0128115262
ISBN 13: 9780128115268
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sprouted Grains Book Review:

Sprouted Grains: Nutritional Value, Production and Applications is a complete and comprehensive overview of sprouted grains, with coverage from grain to product. Sections includes discussions on the process of grain germination from both a genetic and physiological perspective, the nutrients and bioactive compounds present in spouted grains, and the equipment and technical innovation of use to manufacturers of sprouted grains and sprouted grain products. This book is essential reading for cereal science academics and postgraduate students interested in the subject of cereal processing, but is also ideal for industrial product developers in cereal companies. This edited volume brings together the world’s leading researchers on sprouted grains. Presents the nutrient and bioactive components of these healthy grains Provides extensive coverage of products developed from sprouted grains Includes contributions from an International team of both academic and industrial authors Covers the equipment and technology used in grain processing

Nutrient Use Efficiency from Basics to Advances

Nutrient Use Efficiency  from Basics to Advances
Author: Amitava Rakshit,Harikesh Bahadur Singh,Avijit Sen
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 417
Release: 2014-12-26
ISBN 10: 8132221699
ISBN 13: 9788132221692
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nutrient Use Efficiency from Basics to Advances Book Review:

This book addresses in detail multifaceted approaches to boosting nutrient use efficiency (NUE) that are modified by plant interactions with environmental variables and combine physiological, microbial, biotechnological and agronomic aspects. Conveying an in-depth understanding of the topic will spark the development of new cultivars and strains to induce NUE, coupled with best management practices that will immensely benefit agricultural systems, safeguarding their soil, water, and air quality. Written by recognized experts in the field, the book is intended to provide students, scientists and policymakers with essential insights into holistic approaches to NUE, as well as an overview of some successful case studies. In the present understanding of agriculture, NUE represents a question of process optimization in response to the increasing fragility of our natural resources base and threats to food grain security across the globe. Further improving nutrient use efficiency is a prerequisite to reducing production costs, expanding crop acreage into non-competitive marginal lands with low nutrient resources, and preventing environmental contamination. The nutrients most commonly limiting plant growth are N, P, K, S and micronutrients like Fe, Zn, B and Mo. NUE depends on the ability to efficiently take up the nutrient from the soil, but also on transport, storage, mobilization, usage within the plant and the environment. A number of approaches can help us to understand NUE as a whole. One involves adopting best crop management practices that take into account root-induced rhizosphere processes, which play a pivotal role in controlling nutrient dynamics in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. New technologies, from basic tools like leaf color charts to sophisticated sensor-based systems and laser land leveling, can reduce the dependency on laboratory assistance and manual labor. Another approach concerns the development of crop plants through genetic manipulations that allow them to take up and assimilate nutrients more efficiently, as well as identifying processes of plant responses to nutrient deficiency stress and exploring natural genetic variation. Though only recently introduced, the ability of microbial inoculants to induce NUE is gaining in importance, as the loss, immobilization, release and availability of nutrients are mediated by soil microbial processes.

Cereals and Cereal Based Foods

Cereals and Cereal Based Foods
Author: Megh R. Goyal,Kamaljit Kaur,Jaspreet Kaur
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2021-07-30
ISBN 10: 1000164292
ISBN 13: 9781000164299
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cereals and Cereal Based Foods Book Review:

This book volume sheds light on the health benefits of selected cereal grains, processing technologies of cereals, specific roles of bioactive compounds of cereals in chronic disease prevention, and traditional and latest technologies to improve the functional benefits of cereal-based products. It presents a thorough review of the functional components of some lesser known or forgotten cereals and their role in maintaining good health. With advancements in cereal science and technology, new methods of processing have emerged that help to preserve or even enhance the health-benefitting properties of cereal grains. Further, plant breeding and biotechnology have contributed greatly in improving nutritional quality and functionality of these grains. This book provides comprehensive information on the simple as well as advanced methodologies for enhancing the properties of cereals that benefit human health. Some new approaches such as bio-fortification and extraction of bioactives from cereals are also included in the text.

Micronutrients and the Nutrient Status of Soils

Micronutrients and the Nutrient Status of Soils
Author: Mikko Sillanpää
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 444
Release: 1982
ISBN 10: 9789251011935
ISBN 13: 9251011931
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Micronutrients and the Nutrient Status of Soils Book Review:

Role of Rhizospheric Microbes in Soil

Role of Rhizospheric Microbes in Soil
Author: Vijay Singh Meena
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2018-06-19
ISBN 10: 9811300445
ISBN 13: 9789811300448
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Role of Rhizospheric Microbes in Soil Book Review:

In any ecosystem, plant and microbe interaction is inevitable. They not only co-exist but also support each other’s survival and also provide for sustenance in stressful environment. Agro-ecosystems of many regions around the globe are affected by multi-stress. Major limiting factors affecting the agricultural productivity worldwide are environmental stresses. Apart from decreasing yield they introduce devastating impact on plant growth as well. Plants battle with various kind of stresses with the help of symbiotic association with the microbes in the rhizosphere. Naturally existing plant-microbe interaction facilitates survival of plants under these stressful conditions. Rhizosphere consists of many groups of microbes, plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) is one such group of microbes which assist plants in coping with multiple stresses and in plant growth as well. These microbes help in stress physiology of the plants and can be extremely useful in solving agricultural as well food security problems. The proposed book is split into two parts, with an aim to provide comprehensive description and highlight a holistic approach. It elucidates various mechanisms in rhizosphere of nutrient management, stress tolerance and enhanced crop productivity. The book discusses rhizospheric flora and its importance in enhancement of plant growth, nutrient content, yield of various crops and vegetables as well as soil fertility and health. Both volumes of the book addresses fundamentals, applications as well as research trends and new prospects of agricultural sustainability. Volume 2: Nutrient Management and Crop Improvement, contains chapters which cover a broad overview of plant growth promoting activities of microbes. This proposed book also highlights the contribution of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, iron and zinc-solubilizing microbes from rhizospheric soil to develop efficient indigenous microbial consortia to enhance the food and nutritional security. With the given content and layout the proposed book will be an all-inclusive collection of information, which will be useful for students, academicians, researchers working in the field of rhizospheric mechanisms, agricultural microbiology, soil microbiology, biotechnology, agronomy and sustainable agriculture and also for policy makers in the area of food security and sustainable agriculture. It will be of special interest to both academics and professionals working in the fields of microbiology, soil microbiology, biotechnology and agronomy, as well as the plant protection sciences. Timely, this edited and research book provides an essential and comprehensive source of material from basic to advance findings on microbes and their role in agricultural and soil sustainability.

From soil to seed micronutrient movement into and within the plant

From soil to seed  micronutrient movement into and within the plant
Author: Raul Antonio Sperotto,Felipe Klein Ricachenevsky,Lorraine Elizabeth Williams,Marta Wilton Vasconcelos,Paloma Koprovski Menguer
Publsiher: Frontiers E-books
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2014-11-19
ISBN 10: 2889193519
ISBN 13: 9782889193516
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From soil to seed micronutrient movement into and within the plant Book Review:

In all living organisms, essential micronutrients are cofactors of many ubiquitous proteins that participate in crucial metabolic pathways, but can also be toxic when present in excessive concentrations. In order to achieve correct homeostasis, plants need to control uptake of metals from the environment, their distribution to organs and tissues, and their subcellular compartmentalization. They also have to avoid deleterious accumulation of metals and metalloids such as Cd, As and Al. These multiple steps are controlled by their transport across various membrane structures and their storage in different organelles. Thus, integration of these transport systems required for micronutrient trafficking within the plant is necessary for physiological processes to work efficiently. To cope with the variable availability of micronutrients, plants have evolved an intricate collection of physiological and developmental processes, which are under tight control of short- and long-range signaling pathways. Understanding how plants perceive and deal with different micronutrient concentrations, from regulation to active transport, is important to completing the puzzle of plant metal homeostasis. This is an essential area of research, with several implications for plant biology, agriculture and human nutrition. There is a rising interest in developing plants that efficiently mobilize specific metals and prosper in soils with limited micronutrient availability, as well as those that can selectively accumulate beneficial micronutrients in the edible parts while avoiding contaminants such as Cd and As. However, there is still an important gap in our understanding of how nutrients reach the seeds and the relative contribution of each step in the long pathway from the rhizosphere to the seed. Possible rate-limiting steps for micronutrient accumulation in grains should be the primary targets of biotechnological interventions aiming at biofortification. Over the last 10 years, many micronutrient uptake- and transport-related processes have been identified at the molecular and physiological level. The systematic search for mutants and transcriptional responses has allowed analysis of micronutrient-signaling pathways at the cellular level, whereas physiological approaches have been particularly useful in describing micronutrient-signaling processes at the organ and whole-plant level. Large-scale elemental profiling using high-throughput analytical methodologies and their integration with both bioinformatics and genetic tools, along with metal speciation, have been used to decipher the functions of genes that control micronutrients homeostasis. In this research topic, we will follow the pathway of metal movement from the soil to the seed and describe the suggested roles of identified gene products in an effort to understand how plants acquire micronutrients from the soil, how they partition among different tissues and subcellular organelles, and how they regulate their deficiency and overload responses. We also highlight the current work on heavy metals and metalloids uptake and accumulation, the studies on metal selectivity in transporters and the cross-talk between micro and macronutrients. Thus, we believe a continued dialogue and sharing of ideas amongst plant scientists is critical to a better understanding of metal movement into and within the plant.