Weapons of Math Destruction

Weapons of Math Destruction
Author: Cathy O'Neil
Publsiher: Crown
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2016-09-06
ISBN 10: 0553418823
ISBN 13: 9780553418828
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Weapons of Math Destruction Book Review:

NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • A former Wall Street quant sounds the alarm on Big Data and the mathematical models that threaten to rip apart our social fabric—with a new afterword “A manual for the twenty-first-century citizen . . . relevant and urgent.”—Financial Times NATIONAL BOOK AWARD LONGLIST • NAMED ONE OF THE BEST BOOKS OF THE YEAR BY The New York Times Book Review • The Boston Globe • Wired • Fortune • Kirkus Reviews • The Guardian • Nature • On Point We live in the age of the algorithm. Increasingly, the decisions that affect our lives—where we go to school, whether we can get a job or a loan, how much we pay for health insurance—are being made not by humans, but by machines. In theory, this should lead to greater fairness: Everyone is judged according to the same rules. But as mathematician and data scientist Cathy O’Neil reveals, the mathematical models being used today are unregulated and uncontestable, even when they’re wrong. Most troubling, they reinforce discrimination—propping up the lucky, punishing the downtrodden, and undermining our democracy in the process. Welcome to the dark side of Big Data.

Doing Data Science

Doing Data Science
Author: Cathy O'Neil,Rachel Schutt
Publsiher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2013-10-09
ISBN 10: 144936389X
ISBN 13: 9781449363895
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Doing Data Science Book Review:

Now that people are aware that data can make the difference in an election or a business model, data science as an occupation is gaining ground. But how can you get started working in a wide-ranging, interdisciplinary field that’s so clouded in hype? This insightful book, based on Columbia University’s Introduction to Data Science class, tells you what you need to know. In many of these chapter-long lectures, data scientists from companies such as Google, Microsoft, and eBay share new algorithms, methods, and models by presenting case studies and the code they use. If you’re familiar with linear algebra, probability, and statistics, and have programming experience, this book is an ideal introduction to data science. Topics include: Statistical inference, exploratory data analysis, and the data science process Algorithms Spam filters, Naive Bayes, and data wrangling Logistic regression Financial modeling Recommendation engines and causality Data visualization Social networks and data journalism Data engineering, MapReduce, Pregel, and Hadoop Doing Data Science is collaboration between course instructor Rachel Schutt, Senior VP of Data Science at News Corp, and data science consultant Cathy O’Neil, a senior data scientist at Johnson Research Labs, who attended and blogged about the course.

Not Even Wrong

Not Even Wrong
Author: Peter Woit
Publsiher: Random House
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2011-08-31
ISBN 10: 1446443019
ISBN 13: 9781446443019
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Not Even Wrong Book Review:

Not Even Wrong is a fascinating exploration of our attempts to come to grips with perhaps the most intellectually demanding puzzle of all: how does the universe work at its most fundamnetal level? The book begins with an historical survey of the experimental and theoretical developments that led to the creation of the phenomenally successful 'Standard Model' of particle physics around 1975. Despite its successes, the Standard Model does not answer all the key questions and physicists continuing search for answers led to the development of superstring theory. However, after twenty years, superstring theory has failed to advance beyond the Standard Model. The absence of experimental evidence is at the core of this controversial situation which means that it is impossible to prove that superstring theory is either right or wrong. To date, only the arguments of the theory's advocates have received much publicity. Not Even Wrong provides readers with another side of the story.

Weapons of Math Destruction How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy by Cathy O Neil

Weapons of Math Destruction  How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy  by Cathy O Neil
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2017
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1052086822
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Weapons of Math Destruction How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy by Cathy O Neil Book Review:

Weapons of Maths Destruction How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy

Weapons of Maths Destruction  How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2017
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1051409100
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Weapons of Maths Destruction How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy Book Review:

Abstract : A former Wall Street analyst, mathematician Cathy O'Neil 's new book dissects the mathematical models that pervade modern life and threaten to rip apart our social fabric. Here she tells Leo Hollis how the age of the algorithm risks undermining our democracy and sharpening inequality – and what we can do to tame the dark side of 'big data'.

Hand to Mouth

Hand to Mouth
Author: Linda Tirado
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2014-10-02
ISBN 10: 069817528X
ISBN 13: 9780698175280
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hand to Mouth Book Review:

One of the Best 5 Books of 2014 — Esquire "I’ve been waiting for this book for a long time. Well, not this book, because I never imagined that the book I was waiting for would be so devastatingly smart and funny, so consistently entertaining and unflinchingly on target. In fact, I would like to have written it myself – if, that is, I had lived Linda Tirado’s life and extracted all the hard lessons she has learned. I am the author of Nickel and Dimed, which tells the story of my own brief attempt, as a semi-undercover journalist, to survive on low-wage retail and service jobs. Tirado is the real thing." —from the foreword by Barbara Ehrenreich, New York Times bestselling author of Nickel and Dimed We in America have certain ideas of what it means to be poor. Linda Tirado, in her signature brutally honest yet personable voice, takes all of these preconceived notions and smashes them to bits. She articulates not only what it is to be working poor in America (yes, you can be poor and live in a house and have a job, even two), but what poverty is truly like—on all levels. Frankly and boldly, Tirado discusses openly how she went from lower-middle class, to sometimes middle class, to poor and everything in between, and in doing so reveals why “poor people don’t always behave the way middle-class America thinks they should.”

Weapons of Mass Destruction

Weapons of Mass Destruction
Author: Robert Hutchinson
Publsiher: Weidenfeld & Nicolson
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2011-12-29
ISBN 10: 1780223773
ISBN 13: 9781780223773
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Weapons of Mass Destruction Book Review:

A history of weapons of mass destruction from the First World War to the Gulf War - and beyond. When Tom Lehrer sang 'We'll all go together when we go', the world was gripped by fear of nuclear holocaust: the ultimate endgame of every Cold War powerplay. With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the threat was assumed to have gone away. But Libya, Iraq, Iran and North Korea are building weapons of mass destruction. The next live Scud missile launch could signal the next Hiroshima. Robert Hutchinson investigates the history of weapons of mass destruction, from biological warfare during World War I to the atomic weapons of World War II and the Cold War. He reveals that Russia did indeed build the 'Doomsday' nuclear missile system featured in DR STRANGELOVE, but not until the 1980s: and it is still switched on! Chemical weapons remain the 'poor man's nuke'. And as the attack on the Tokyo subway demonstrated, weapons of mass destruction are now available to terrorist organizations as well as 'rogue' nation states.

How Not to be Wrong

How Not to be Wrong
Author: Jordan Ellenberg
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 468
Release: 2014
ISBN 10: 1594205221
ISBN 13: 9781594205224
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

How Not to be Wrong Book Review:

The columnist for Slate's popular "Do the Math" celebrates the logical, illuminating nature of math in today's world, sharing in accessible language mathematical approaches that demystify complex and everyday problems.

Hello World

Hello World
Author: Hannah Fry
Publsiher: Black Swan
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2019-03-28
ISBN 10: 9781784163068
ISBN 13: 1784163066
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hello World Book Review:

'One of the best books yet written on data and algorithms. . .deserves a place on the bestseller charts.' (The Times) You are accused of a crime. Who would you rather determined your fate - a human or an algorithm? An algorithm is more consistent and less prone to error of judgement. Yet a human can look you in the eye before passing sentence. Welcome to the age of the algorithm, the story of a not-too-distant future where machines rule supreme, making important decisions - in healthcare, transport, finance, security, what we watch, where we go even who we send to prison. So how much should we rely on them? What kind of future do we want? Hannah Fry takes us on a tour of the good, the bad and the downright ugly of the algorithms that surround us. In Hello World she lifts the lid on their inner workings, demonstrates their power, exposes their limitations, and examines whether they really are an improvement on the humans they are replacing. A BBC RADIO 4- BOOK OF THE WEEK SHORTLISTED FOR THE 2018 BAILLIE GIFFORD PRIZE AND 2018 ROYAL SOCIETY SCIENCE BOOK PRIZE

Things to Make and Do in the Fourth Dimension

Things to Make and Do in the Fourth Dimension
Author: Matt Parker
Publsiher: Doubleday Canada
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2014-12-02
ISBN 10: 0385680597
ISBN 13: 9780385680592
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Things to Make and Do in the Fourth Dimension Book Review:

Mathematics made mouth-watering. Things to Make and Do in the Fourth Dimension is an alternative math class. How can math help you choose a second-hand car? Why is a text message like a Sudoku? How much fun can you have with a barcode? Matt Parker explains that math is difficult because it's one of the few subjects that requires us to train our brains to think in an entirely new way, and to confront things with no direct analogy in everyday life--imaginary numbers, snowflakes that only exist in 196884 dimensions, and objects beyond infinity--and shows us why it's worth the effort. Starting with basic arithmetic and geometry, Things To Make and Do teaches us the math we never got to enjoy at school. Each chapter is structured around activities and thought experiments: we are invited to make a calculator out of dominoes, find out why wrapping oranges in plastic wrap is a good way to learn about higher dimensions, and discover what soap bubbles have to teach us about calculus. A series of incremental and hugely entertaining steps take us all the way from simple algebra to the most exotic and fascinating ideas in mathematics: Klein bottles, higher dimensional topology and the many different species of infinity, via unimaginably small pizza slices, Mobius strips and a thorough examination of The Sausage Conjecture. This lively, funny, and deeply intelligent book teaches math in a fun, interactive manner rather than by rote learning and exercises. You'll not look at the number 37 the same way again. And you just might take part in Mobius strip craftwork.

Humble Pi

Humble Pi
Author: Matt Parker
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2020-01-21
ISBN 10: 0593084705
ISBN 13: 9780593084700
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Humble Pi Book Review:

#1 INTERNATIONAL BESTSELLER AN ADAM SAVAGE BOOK CLUB PICK The book-length answer to anyone who ever put their hand up in math class and asked, “When am I ever going to use this in the real world?” “Fun, informative, and relentlessly entertaining, Humble Pi is a charming and very readable guide to some of humanity's all-time greatest miscalculations—that also gives you permission to feel a little better about some of your own mistakes.” —Ryan North, author of How to Invent Everything Our whole world is built on math, from the code running a website to the equations enabling the design of skyscrapers and bridges. Most of the time this math works quietly behind the scenes . . . until it doesn’t. All sorts of seemingly innocuous mathematical mistakes can have significant consequences. Math is easy to ignore until a misplaced decimal point upends the stock market, a unit conversion error causes a plane to crash, or someone divides by zero and stalls a battleship in the middle of the ocean. Exploring and explaining a litany of glitches, near misses, and mathematical mishaps involving the internet, big data, elections, street signs, lotteries, the Roman Empire, and an Olympic team, Matt Parker uncovers the bizarre ways math trips us up, and what this reveals about its essential place in our world. Getting it wrong has never been more fun.

Exam Prep for Weapons of Math Destruction

Exam Prep for  Weapons of Math Destruction
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2021
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13:
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Exam Prep for Weapons of Math Destruction Book Review:

Demagoguery and Democracy

Demagoguery and Democracy
Author: Patricia Roberts-Miller
Publsiher: The Experiment
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2017-06-13
ISBN 10: 1615194088
ISBN 13: 9781615194087
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Demagoguery and Democracy Book Review:

A clear-eyed guide to demagoguery—and how we can defeat it What is demagoguery? Some demagogues are easy to spot: They rise to power through pandering, charisma, and prejudice. But, as professor Patricia Roberts-Miller explains, a demagogue is anyone who reduces all questions to us vs. them. Why is it dangerous? Demagoguery is democracy’s greatest threat. It erodes rational debate, so that intelligent policymaking grinds to a halt. The idea that we never fall for it—that all the blame lies with them—is equally dangerous. How can we stop it? Demagogues follow predictable patterns in what they say and do to gain power. The key to resisting demagoguery is to name it when you see it—and to know where it leads.

Statistics Done Wrong

Statistics Done Wrong
Author: Alex Reinhart
Publsiher: No Starch Press
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2015
ISBN 10: 1593276206
ISBN 13: 9781593276201
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Statistics Done Wrong Book Review:

Statistics Done Wrong describes how researchers often go wrong and teaches you the best practices for avoiding their mistakes.

The Ethical Algorithm

The Ethical Algorithm
Author: Michael Kearns,Aaron Roth
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2019-10-04
ISBN 10: 0190948221
ISBN 13: 9780190948221
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Ethical Algorithm Book Review:

Over the course of a generation, algorithms have gone from mathematical abstractions to powerful mediators of daily life. Algorithms have made our lives more efficient, more entertaining, and, sometimes, better informed. At the same time, complex algorithms are increasingly violating the basic rights of individual citizens. Allegedly anonymized datasets routinely leak our most sensitive personal information; statistical models for everything from mortgages to college admissions reflect racial and gender bias. Meanwhile, users manipulate algorithms to "game" search engines, spam filters, online reviewing services, and navigation apps. Understanding and improving the science behind the algorithms that run our lives is rapidly becoming one of the most pressing issues of this century. Traditional fixes, such as laws, regulations and watchdog groups, have proven woefully inadequate. Reporting from the cutting edge of scientific research, The Ethical Algorithm offers a new approach: a set of principled solutions based on the emerging and exciting science of socially aware algorithm design. Michael Kearns and Aaron Roth explain how we can better embed human principles into machine code - without halting the advance of data-driven scientific exploration. Weaving together innovative research with stories of citizens, scientists, and activists on the front lines, The Ethical Algorithm offers a compelling vision for a future, one in which we can better protect humans from the unintended impacts of algorithms while continuing to inspire wondrous advances in technology.

Algorithms of Oppression

Algorithms of Oppression
Author: Safiya Umoja Noble
Publsiher: NYU Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2018-02-20
ISBN 10: 1479837245
ISBN 13: 9781479837243
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Algorithms of Oppression Book Review:

A revealing look at how negative biases against women of color are embedded in search engine results and algorithms Run a Google search for “black girls”—what will you find? “Big Booty” and other sexually explicit terms are likely to come up as top search terms. But, if you type in “white girls,” the results are radically different. The suggested porn sites and un-moderated discussions about “why black women are so sassy” or “why black women are so angry” presents a disturbing portrait of black womanhood in modern society. In Algorithms of Oppression, Safiya Umoja Noble challenges the idea that search engines like Google offer an equal playing field for all forms of ideas, identities, and activities. Data discrimination is a real social problem; Noble argues that the combination of private interests in promoting certain sites, along with the monopoly status of a relatively small number of Internet search engines, leads to a biased set of search algorithms that privilege whiteness and discriminate against people of color, specifically women of color. Through an analysis of textual and media searches as well as extensive research on paid online advertising, Noble exposes a culture of racism and sexism in the way discoverability is created online. As search engines and their related companies grow in importance—operating as a source for email, a major vehicle for primary and secondary school learning, and beyond—understanding and reversing these disquieting trends and discriminatory practices is of utmost importance. An original, surprising and, at times, disturbing account of bias on the internet, Algorithms of Oppression contributes to our understanding of how racism is created, maintained, and disseminated in the 21st century.

The Alignment Problem Machine Learning and Human Values

The Alignment Problem  Machine Learning and Human Values
Author: Brian Christian
Publsiher: W. W. Norton & Company
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2020-10-06
ISBN 10: 039363583X
ISBN 13: 9780393635836
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Alignment Problem Machine Learning and Human Values Book Review:

A jaw-dropping exploration of everything that goes wrong when we build AI systems and the movement to fix them. Today’s “machine-learning” systems, trained by data, are so effective that we’ve invited them to see and hear for us—and to make decisions on our behalf. But alarm bells are ringing. Recent years have seen an eruption of concern as the field of machine learning advances. When the systems we attempt to teach will not, in the end, do what we want or what we expect, ethical and potentially existential risks emerge. Researchers call this the alignment problem. Systems cull résumés until, years later, we discover that they have inherent gender biases. Algorithms decide bail and parole—and appear to assess Black and White defendants differently. We can no longer assume that our mortgage application, or even our medical tests, will be seen by human eyes. And as autonomous vehicles share our streets, we are increasingly putting our lives in their hands. The mathematical and computational models driving these changes range in complexity from something that can fit on a spreadsheet to a complex system that might credibly be called “artificial intelligence.” They are steadily replacing both human judgment and explicitly programmed software. In best-selling author Brian Christian’s riveting account, we meet the alignment problem’s “first-responders,” and learn their ambitious plan to solve it before our hands are completely off the wheel. In a masterful blend of history and on-the ground reporting, Christian traces the explosive growth in the field of machine learning and surveys its current, sprawling frontier. Readers encounter a discipline finding its legs amid exhilarating and sometimes terrifying progress. Whether they—and we—succeed or fail in solving the alignment problem will be a defining human story. The Alignment Problem offers an unflinching reckoning with humanity’s biases and blind spots, our own unstated assumptions and often contradictory goals. A dazzlingly interdisciplinary work, it takes a hard look not only at our technology but at our culture—and finds a story by turns harrowing and hopeful.

Mini Weapons of Mass Destruction 2

Mini Weapons of Mass Destruction 2
Author: John Austin
Publsiher: Chicago Review Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2011-10-01
ISBN 10: 1569769516
ISBN 13: 9781569769515
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mini Weapons of Mass Destruction 2 Book Review:

As a budding spy, what better way to conceal your clandestine activities than to miniaturize your secret agent arsenal? Hide a mini catapult in a breath mint tin. Turn a Tic Tac case into vest-pocket candy shooter. Or transform a milk jug cap onto a fake wristwatch that launches tiny paper darts. Toy designer and author John Austin provides detailed, step-by-step instructions with diagrams to show James Bondiacs how to build 35 different spy weapons and surveillance tools. All of the projects in MiniWeapons of Mass Destruction 2 are built from common household items—binder clips, playing cards, rubber bands, markers, clothespins, paper clips, and discarded packaging—clearly detailed on materials lists. In addition to movie-inspired sidearms and other "weapons," you'll find plans to construct periscopes, bionic ears, grappling hooks, and decipher pens. Once you have assembled your arsenal, the author provides a number of ideas on how to hide your stash—inside a deck of cards, a false-bottom soda bottle, or a cereal box briefcase—and targets for practicing your spycraft, including a flip-down firing range, a fake security camera, and sharks with laser beams. And if you think yourself more of an evil-genius in training, this book also has projects to keep you busy while you finish planning your volcano lair—a Q-pick blow gun, a paper throwing star, a bowler hat launcher, and more. Fluffy Persian cat not included.

Really Big Numbers

Really Big Numbers
Author: Richard Evan Schwartz
Publsiher: American Mathematical Soc.
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2014-06-30
ISBN 10: 1470414252
ISBN 13: 9781470414252
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Really Big Numbers Book Review:

In the American Mathematical Society's first-ever book for kids (and kids at heart), mathematician and author Richard Evan Schwartz leads math lovers of all ages on an innovative and strikingly illustrated journey through the infinite number system. By means of engaging, imaginative visuals and endearing narration, Schwartz manages the monumental task of presenting the complex concept of Big Numbers in fresh and relatable ways. The book begins with small, easily observable numbers before building up to truly gigantic ones, like a nonillion, a tredecillion, a googol, and even ones too huge for names! Any person, regardless of age, can benefit from reading this book. Readers will find themselves returning to its pages for a very long time, perpetually learning from and growing with the narrative as their knowledge deepens. Really Big Numbers is a wonderful enrichment for any math education program and is enthusiastically recommended to every teacher, parent and grandparent, student, child, or other individual interested in exploring the vast universe of numbers.

Weapons of Mass Instruction

Weapons of Mass Instruction
Author: John Taylor Gatto
Publsiher: New Society Publishers
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2010-04-01
ISBN 10: 1550924249
ISBN 13: 9781550924244
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Weapons of Mass Instruction Book Review:

The transformation of schooling from a twelve-year jail sentence to freedom to learn. John Taylor Gatto's Weapons of Mass Instruction , now available in paperback, focuses on mechanisms of traditional education which cripple imagination, discourage critical thinking, and create a false view of learning as a byproduct of rote-memorization drills. Gatto's earlier book, Dumbing Us Down , introduced the now-famous expression of the title into the common vernacular. Weapons of Mass Instruction adds another chilling metaphor to the brief against conventional schooling. Gatto demonstrates that the harm school inflicts is rational and deliberate. The real function of pedagogy, he argues, is to render the common population manageable. To that end, young people must be conditioned to rely upon experts, to remain divided from natural alliances and to accept disconnections from their own lived experiences. They must at all costs be discouraged from developing self-reliance and independence. Escaping this trap requires a strategy Gatto calls "open source learning" which imposes no artificial divisions between learning and life. Through this alternative approach our children can avoid being indoctrinated-only then can they achieve self-knowledge, good judgment, and courage.