Ultra High Temperature Thermal Energy Storage Transfer and Conversion

Ultra High Temperature Thermal Energy Storage  Transfer and Conversion
Author: Alejandro Datas
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2020-09-14
ISBN 10: 0128204214
ISBN 13: 9780128204214
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ultra High Temperature Thermal Energy Storage Transfer and Conversion Book Review:

Ultra-High Temperature Thermal Energy Storage, Transfer and Conversion presents a comprehensive analysis of thermal energy storage systems operating at beyond 800°C. Editor Dr. Alejandro Datas and his team of expert contributors from a variety of regions summarize the main technological options and the most relevant materials and characterization considerations to enable the reader to make the most effective and efficient decisions. This book helps the reader to solve the very specific challenges associated with working within an ultra-high temperature energy storage setting. It condenses and summarizes the latest knowledge, covering fundamentals, device design, materials selection and applications, as well as thermodynamic cycles and solid-state devices for ultra-high temperature energy conversion. This book provides a comprehensive and multidisciplinary guide to engineers and researchers in a variety of fields including energy conversion, storage, cogeneration, thermodynamics, numerical methods, CSP, and materials engineering. It firstly provides a review of fundamental concepts before exploring numerical methods for fluid-dynamics and phase change materials, before presenting more complex elements such as heat transfer fluids, thermal insulation, thermodynamic cycles, and a variety of energy conversation methods including thermophotovoltaic, thermionic, and combined heat and power. Reviews the main technologies enabling ultra-high temperature energy storage and conversion, including both thermodynamic cycles and solid-state devices Includes the applications for ultra-high temperature energy storage systems, both in terrestrial and space environments Analyzes the thermophysical properties and relevant experimental and theoretical methods for the analysis of high-temperature materials

Solar Energy Utilization

Solar Energy Utilization
Author: Hafit Yüncü,E. Paykoc,Y. Yener
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 754
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9400936311
ISBN 13: 9789400936317
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar Energy Utilization Book Review:

Until very recently, energy supply of the world has been treated as being nearly inexhaustible. Nowadays about 90 percent of the energy used is obtained from non-renewable resources: oil, natural gas, coal and uranium. These resources are being used up at an alarming rate. To meet our demands we are now searching for new sources of energy. One of these new sources of energy is solar energy which will assume increasing importance. It is free but means must be developed to use it economically. Research is actively under way to reduce the storage cost of this low intensity energy and for the design of economical systems. The purpose of this Institute is to provide an international forum for the dissemination of information on solar energy utilization: fundamentals and applications in industry. This meeting is primarily a high level teaching activity. The subject is treated in considerable depth by lecturers eminent in their field. The other participants include scientists, engineers, and senior graduate students who themselves are involved in a similar research and who wish to learn more about current developments, as well as scientists from other areas who are planning to research on solar energy. The lectures are supplemented by informal discussions designed to encourage the free and critical exchange of ideas. A limited number of contributions are also included. This volume contains both basic and applied information contributed during the Institute. The editors appreciate the cooperation of Martinus Nijhoff Publishezsin making the proceedings widely available.

Thermal Energy Grid Storage

Thermal Energy Grid Storage
Author: Caleb A. Amy
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 158
Release: 2020
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1227040682
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermal Energy Grid Storage Book Review:

As the cost of renewable energy falls below fossil fuels, the key barrier to widespread sustainable electricity has become availability on demand. Energy storage can enable dispatchable renewables, but only with drastic cost reductions compared to current batteries. In this thesis, I investigate an electricity storage concept that stores electricity as sensible heat in an extremely hot liquid (>2000°C) and uses multi-junction photovoltaics (MPV) as a heat engine to convert it back to electricity on demand hours, or days, later. In addition to a technoeconomic analysis, this thesis focuses experimentally on heating, liquid containment, and pumping. The transfer of the storage liquid is key because it enables conversion to and from electricity and compact, efficient heat transfer. However, operating at these extreme temperatures introduces many practical challenges, so several novel solutions related to containment and pumping are investigated including high-performance heaters, sealing a large multi-part tank with affordable materials, and pumping above 2000°C. The key result is that although affordable silicon can be contained in affordable graphite and pumped at these temperatures, temperature variation in the system causes it the graphite infrastructure to rapidly dissolve and ultimately fail in a matter of hours. Alternative embodiments are proposed with recommendations on areas of future work. The key takeaway from the technoeconomic modeling is that integrating low-cost thermal storage with an inexpensive heat engine can enable an economical approach to electricity storage, even without high round trip efficiencies. Thus, despite the challenges, future work is warranted.

Heat and cold storage with PCM

Heat and cold storage with PCM
Author: Harald Mehling,Luisa F. Cabeza
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2008-08-15
ISBN 10: 354068557X
ISBN 13: 9783540685579
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Heat and cold storage with PCM Book Review:

The years 2006 and 2007 mark a dramatic change of peoples view regarding c- mate change and energy consumption. The new IPCC report makes clear that - mankind plays a dominant role on climate change due to CO emissions from en- 2 ergy consumption, and that a significant reduction in CO emissions is necessary 2 within decades. At the same time, the supply of fossil energy sources like coal, oil, and natural gas becomes less reliable. In spring 2008, the oil price rose beyond 100 $/barrel for the first time in history. It is commonly accepted today that we have to reduce the use of fossil fuels to cut down the dependency on the supply countries and to reduce CO emissions. The use of renewable energy sources and 2 increased energy efficiency are the main strategies to achieve this goal. In both strategies, heat and cold storage will play an important role. People use energy in different forms, as heat, as mechanical energy, and as light. With the discovery of fire, humankind was the first time able to supply heat and light when needed. About 2000 years ago, the Romans started to use ceramic tiles to store heat in under floor heating systems. Even when the fire was out, the room stayed warm. Since ancient times, people also know how to cool food with ice as cold storage.

Heat Transfer Physics

Heat Transfer Physics
Author: Massoud Kaviany
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2014-02-10
ISBN 10: 1107041783
ISBN 13: 9781107041783
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Heat Transfer Physics Book Review:

This graduate textbook describes atomic-level kinetics (mechanisms and rates) of thermal energy storage, transport (conduction, convection, and radiation), and transformation (various energy conversions) by principal energy carriers. The approach combines the fundamentals of molecular orbitals-potentials, statistical thermodynamics, computational molecular dynamics, quantum energy states, transport theories, solid-state and fluid-state physics, and quantum optics. The textbook presents a unified theory, over fine-structure/molecular-dynamics/Boltzmann/macroscopic length and time scales, of heat transfer kinetics in terms of transition rates and relaxation times, and its modern applications, including nano- and microscale size effects. Numerous examples, illustrations, and homework problems with answers that enhance learning are included. This new edition includes applications in energy conversion (including chemical bond, nuclear, and solar), expanded examples of size effects, inclusion of junction quantum transport, and discussion of graphene and its phonon and electronic conductances. New appendix coverage of Phonon Contributions Seebeck Coefficient and Monte Carlo Methods are also included.

Solar Thermal Energy Storage

Solar Thermal Energy Storage
Author: H.P. Garg,S.C. Mullick,Vijay K. Bhargava
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 642
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9400953011
ISBN 13: 9789400953017
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar Thermal Energy Storage Book Review:

Energy Storage not only plays an important role in conservinq the energy but also improves the performance and reliability of a wide range of energy systems. Energy storagp. leads to saving of premium fuels and makes the system morA cost effective by reducing the wastage of energy. In most systems there is a mismatch between the energy supply and energy demand. The energy storage can even out this imbalance and thereby help in savings of capital costs. Enerqy storage is all the more important where the enerqy source is intermittent such as Solar Energy. The use of jntermittent energy sources is likely to grow. If more and more solar energy is to be used for domestic and industrial applications then energy storage is very crucial. If no storage is used in solar energy systems then the major part of the energy demand will be met by the back-up or auxiliary energy and therefore the so called annual solar load fract]on will be very low. In case of solar energy, both short term and long term energy storage systems can be used whjch can adjust the phase difference between solar energy supply and energy demand and can match seasonal demands to the solar availability respectively. Thermal energy storage can lead to capital cost savings, fuel savjngs, and fuel substitution in many application areas. Developing an optimum thermal storaqe system is as important an area of research as developinq an alternative source of energy.

Energy a Continuing Bibliography with Indexes

Energy  a Continuing Bibliography with Indexes
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1981
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015013034767
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy a Continuing Bibliography with Indexes Book Review:

Energy

Energy
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1981
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105024717188
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Book Review:

Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems

Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems
Author: Luisa F. Cabeza
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 612
Release: 2014-10-31
ISBN 10: 1782420967
ISBN 13: 9781782420965
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems Book Review:

Thermal energy storage (TES) technologies store thermal energy (both heat and cold) for later use as required, rather than at the time of production. They are therefore important counterparts to various intermittent renewable energy generation methods and also provide a way of valorising waste process heat and reducing the energy demand of buildings. This book provides an authoritative overview of this key area. Part one reviews sensible heat storage technologies. Part two covers latent and thermochemical heat storage respectively. The final section addresses applications in heating and energy systems. Reviews sensible heat storage technologies, including the use of water, molten salts, concrete and boreholes Describes latent heat storage systems and thermochemical heat storage Includes information on the monitoring and control of thermal energy storage systems, and considers their applications in residential buildings, power plants and industry

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1992
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112078757413
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book Review:

Thermal Energy Storage

Thermal Energy Storage
Author: Eugene G. Kovach
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 90
Release: 2013-09-24
ISBN 10: 1483181960
ISBN 13: 9781483181967
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermal Energy Storage Book Review:

Thermal Energy Storage is a collection of papers that tackles various areas of concerns in thermal energy storage. The materials in the text are primarily concerned with addressing issues regarding conservation, efficiency, and applicability of thermal energy storage. The coverage of the title includes the storage of high and low temperature thermal energy; heat transfer and thermal energy transport; and the impact of thermal energy storage on energy structures. The book will be of great interest to scientists, engineers, and technicians involved in the energy industry.

National Solar Energy Research Development and Demonstration Program definition Report

National Solar Energy Research  Development  and Demonstration Program  definition Report
Author: United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology. Subcommittee on Energy Research, Development, and Demonstration
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 514
Release: 1975
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105119599236
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

National Solar Energy Research Development and Demonstration Program definition Report Book Review:

Nanostructured Materials for Next Generation Energy Storage and Conversion

Nanostructured Materials for Next Generation Energy Storage and Conversion
Author: Tulay Aygan Atesin,Sajid Bashir,Jingbo Louise Liu
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 501
Release: 2019-11-15
ISBN 10: 366259594X
ISBN 13: 9783662595947
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanostructured Materials for Next Generation Energy Storage and Conversion Book Review:

Nanostructured Materials for Next-Generation Energy Storage and Conversion: Photovoltaic and Solar Energy, is volume 4 of a 4-volume series on sustainable energy. Photovoltaic and Solar Energy while being a comprehensive reference work, is written with minimal jargon related to various aspects of solar energy and energy policies. It is authored by leading experts in the field, and lays out theory, practice, and simulation studies related to solar energy and allied applications including policy, economic and technological challenges. Topics covered include: introduction to solar energy, fundamentals of solar radiation, heat transfer, thermal collection and conversion, solar economy, heating, cooling, dehumidification systems, power and process heat, solar power conversion, policy and applications pertinent to solar energy as viable alternatives to fossil fuels. The aim of the book is to present all the information necessary for the design and analysis of solar energy systems for engineers, material scientists, economics, policy analysts, graduate students, senior undergraduates, solar energy practitioner, as well as policy or lawmakers in the field of energy policy, international energy trade, and libraries which house technical handbooks related to energy, energy policy and applications.

Power Generation and the Environment

Power Generation and the Environment
Author: Anco S. Blazev
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1333
Release: 2021-01-07
ISBN 10: 8770223106
ISBN 13: 9788770223102
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Power Generation and the Environment Book Review:

Natural and man-made changes in the environment create a very complex picture. This book analyzes this picture and provides snapshots of different areas of interest and to make suggestions for future work on cleaning and stabilizing the Earth's environment. Starting with conventional energy generation and moving on to renewable energies, this book analyzes and calculates their environmental impact and the lesser known aspects of their "cradle-to-grave" life cycle such as the irreversible environmental damage done during the manufacturing of solar and wind equipment and during the installation, operation, and decommissioning of large scale hydro, solar, and wind power plants.

Solar Energy Update

Solar Energy Update
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1982-08
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: IND:30000090399720
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar Energy Update Book Review:

Thermal Energy Storage

Thermal Energy Storage
Author: Ibrahim Dincer,Marc Rosen
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 596
Release: 2002-04-29
ISBN 10: 9780471495734
ISBN 13: 0471495735
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermal Energy Storage Book Review:

During the last two decades many research and development activities related to energy have concentrated on efficient energy use and energy savings and conservation. In this regard, Thermal Energy Storage (TES) systems can play an important role, as they provide great potential for facilitating energy savings and reducing environmental impact. Thermal storage has received increasing interest in recent years in terms of its applications, and the enormous potential it offers both for more effective use of thermal equipment and for economic, large-scale energy substitutions. Indeed, TES appears to provide one of the most advantageous solutions for correcting the mismatch that often occurs between the supply and demand of energy. Despite this increase in attention, no book is currently available which comprehensively covers TES. Presenting contributions from prominent researchers and scientists, this book is primarily concerned with TES systems and their applications. It begins with a brief summary of general aspects of thermodynamics, fluid mechanics and heat transfer, and then goes on to discuss energy storage technologies, environmental aspects of TES, energy and exergy analyses, and practical applications. Furthermore, this book provides coverage of the theoretical, experimental and numerical techniques employed in the field of thermal storage. Numerous case studies and illustrative examples are included throughout. Some of the unique features of this book include: * State-of-the art descriptions of many facets of TES systems and applications * In-depth coverage of exergy analysis and thermodynamic optimization of TES systems * Extensive new material on TES technologies, including advances due to innovations in sensible- and latent-energy storage * Key chapters on environmental issues, sustainable development and energy savings * Extensive coverage of practical aspects of the design, evaluation, selection and implementation of TES systems * Wide coverage of TES-system modelling, ranging in level from elementary to advanced * Abundant design examples, case studies and references In short, this book forms a valuable reference resource for practicing engineers and researchers, and a research-oriented text book for advanced undergraduate and graduate students of various engineering disciplines. Instructors will find that its breadth and structure make it an ideal core text for TES and related courses.

Energy Research Abstracts

Energy Research Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1987
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: MINN:30000010505562
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Research Abstracts Book Review:

Developing a Cost Model and Methodology to Estimate Capital Costs for Thermal Energy Storage

Developing a Cost Model and Methodology to Estimate Capital Costs for Thermal Energy Storage
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 21
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:873870151
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Developing a Cost Model and Methodology to Estimate Capital Costs for Thermal Energy Storage Book Review:

This report provides an update on the previous cost model for thermal energy storage (TES) systems. The update allows NREL to estimate the costs of such systems that are compatible with the higher operating temperatures associated with advanced power cycles. The goal of the Department of Energy (DOE) Solar Energy Technology Program is to develop solar technologies that can make a significant contribution to the United States domestic energy supply. The recent DOE SunShot Initiative sets a very aggressive cost goal to reach a Levelized Cost of Energy (LCOE) of 6 cents/kWh by 2020 with no incentives or credits for all solar-to-electricity technologies. 1 As this goal is reached, the share of utility power generation that is provided by renewable energy sources is expected to increase dramatically. Because Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) is currently the only renewable technology that is capable of integrating cost-effective energy storage, it is positioned to play a key role in providing renewable, dispatchable power to utilities as the share of power generation from renewable sources increases. Because of this role, future CSP plants will likely have as much as 15 hours of Thermal Energy Storage (TES) included in their design and operation. As such, the cost and performance of the TES system is critical to meeting the SunShot goal for solar technologies. The cost of electricity from a CSP plant depends strongly on its overall efficiency, which is a product of two components - the collection and conversion efficiencies. The collection efficiency determines the portion of incident solar energy that is captured as high-temperature thermal energy. The conversion efficiency determines the portion of thermal energy that is converted to electricity. The operating temperature at which the overall efficiency reaches its maximum depends on many factors, including material properties of the CSP plant components. Increasing the operating temperature of the power generation system leads to higher thermal-to-electric conversion efficiency. However, in a CSP system, higher operating temperature also leads to greater thermal losses. These two effects combine to give an optimal system-level operating temperature that may be less than the upper operating temperature limit of system components. The overall efficiency may be improved by developing materials, power cycles, and system-integration strategies that enable operation at elevated temperature while limiting thermal losses. This is particularly true for the TES system and its components. Meeting the SunShot cost target will require cost and performance improvements in all systems and components within a CSP plant. Solar collector field hardware will need to decrease significantly in cost with no loss in performance and possibly with performance improvements. As higher temperatures are considered for the power block, new working fluids, heat-transfer fluids (HTFs), and storage fluids will all need to be identified to meet these new operating conditions. Figure 1 shows thermodynamic conversion efficiency as a function of temperature for the ideal Carnot cycle and 75% Carnot, which is considered to be the practical efficiency attainable by current power cycles. Current conversion efficiencies for the parabolic trough steam cycle, power tower steam cycle, parabolic dish/Stirling, Ericsson, and air-Brayton/steam Rankine combined cycles are shown at their corresponding operating temperatures. Efficiencies for supercritical steam and carbon dioxide (CO2) are also shown for their operating temperature ranges.

Sustainable Energy Systems and Applications

Sustainable Energy Systems and Applications
Author: Ibrahim Dincer,Calin Zamfirescu
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 816
Release: 2011-11-05
ISBN 10: 0387958606
ISBN 13: 9780387958606
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Energy Systems and Applications Book Review:

The concept of sustainable development was first introduced by the Brundtland Commission almost 20 years ago and has received increased attention during the past decade. It is now an essential part of any energy activities. This is a research-based textbook which can be used by senior undergraduate students, graduate students, engineers, practitioners, scientists, researchers in the area of sustainable energy systems and aimed to address some key pillars: better efficiency, better cost effectiveness, better use of energy resources, better environment, better energy security, and better sustainable development. It also includes some cutting-edge topics, such hydrogen and fuel cells, renewable, clean combustion technologies, CO2 abatement technologies, and some potential tools (exergy, constructal theory, etc.) for design, analysis and performance improvement.

Thermal Energy

Thermal Energy
Author: Yatish T. Shah
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 854
Release: 2018-01-12
ISBN 10: 1315305941
ISBN 13: 9781315305943
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermal Energy Book Review:

The book details sources of thermal energy, methods of capture, and applications. It describes the basics of thermal energy, including measuring thermal energy, laws of thermodynamics that govern its use and transformation, modes of thermal energy, conventional processes, devices and materials, and the methods by which it is transferred. It covers 8 sources of thermal energy: combustion, fusion (solar) fission (nuclear), geothermal, microwave, plasma, waste heat, and thermal energy storage. In each case, the methods of production and capture and its uses are described in detail. It also discusses novel processes and devices used to improve transfer and transformation processes.