Toxicity of Building Materials

Toxicity of Building Materials
Author: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,S Jalali,Aleksandra Fucic
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2012-08-13
ISBN 10: 0857096354
ISBN 13: 9780857096357
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toxicity of Building Materials Book Review:

From long-standing worries regarding the use of lead and asbestos to recent research into carcinogenic issues related to the use of plastics in construction, there is growing concern regarding the potential toxic effects of building materials on health. Toxicity of building materials provides an essential guide to this important problem and its solutions. Beginning with an overview of the material types and potential health hazards presented by building materials, the book goes on to consider key plastic materials. Materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds, are then explored in depth, before a review of wood preservatives and mineral fibre-based building materials. Issues related to the use of radioactive materials and materials that release toxic fumes during burning are the focus of subsequent chapters, followed by discussion of the range of heavy metals, materials prone to mould growth, and antimicrobials. Finally, Toxicity of building materials concludes by considering the potential hazards posed by waste based/recycled building materials, and the toxicity of nanoparticles. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Toxicity of building materials is an invaluable tool for all civil engineers, materials researchers, scientists and educators working in the field of building materials. Provides an essential guide to the potential toxic effects of building materials on health Comprehensively examines materials responsible for formaldehyde and volatile organic compound emissions, as well as semi-volatile organic compounds Later chapters focus on issues surrounding the use of radioactive materials and materials that release toxic fumes during burning

Eco efficient Construction and Building Materials

Eco efficient Construction and Building Materials
Author: Fernando Pacheco Torgal,Said Jalali
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 247
Release: 2011-07-31
ISBN 10: 9780857298928
ISBN 13: 0857298925
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Eco efficient Construction and Building Materials Book Review:

Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials provides essential reading about materials for the construction industry in the twenty-first century. It covers the latest findings in the field, especially the toxicity aspects, embodied energy, construction and demolition wastes, the use of wastes in concrete, masonry units, materials reinforced with vegetable fibres, earth construction, the durability aspects, and also the importance of nanotechnology to the development of more environmentally-friendly materials. Based on more than nine hundred references, Eco-efficient Construction and Building Materials is of fundamental importance to academics, engineers and architects who are dedicated to the creation of a greener and more holistic construction industry.

Fire Toxicity

Fire Toxicity
Author: A A Stec,T R Hull
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 728
Release: 2010-03-12
ISBN 10: 184569807X
ISBN 13: 9781845698072
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fire Toxicity Book Review:

Toxic fire effluents are responsible for the majority of fire deaths, and an increasing large majority of fire injuries, driven by the widespread and increasing use of synthetic polymers. Fire safety has focused on preventing ignition and reducing flame spread through reducing the rate of heat release, while neglecting the important issue of fire toxicity. This is the first reference work on fire toxicity and the only scientific publication on the subject in the last 15 years. Assessment of toxic effects of fires is increasingly being recognised as a key factor in the assessment of fire hazards. This book raises important issues including the types of toxic effluents that different fires produce, their physiological effects, methods for generation and assessment of fire toxicity, current and proposed regulations and approaches to modelling the toxic impact of fires. The contributors to Fire toxicity represent an international team of the leading experts in each aspect of this challenging and important field. This book provides an important reference work for professionals in the fire community, including fire fighters, fire investigators, regulators, fire safety engineers, and formulators of fire-safe materials. It will also prove invaluable to researchers in academia and industry. Investigates the controversial subject of toxic effluents as the cause of the majority of fire deaths and injuries Describes the different types of toxic effluents and the specific fires that they produce, their physiological effects and methods for generation Provides an overview of national and international fire safety regulations including current and proposed regulations such as a standardized framework for prediction of fire gas toxicity

Examining the Environmental Impacts of Materials and Buildings

Examining the Environmental Impacts of Materials and Buildings
Author: Brownell, Blaine Erickson
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 358
Release: 2020-02-28
ISBN 10: 1799824284
ISBN 13: 9781799824282
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Examining the Environmental Impacts of Materials and Buildings Book Review:

Fundamental environmental challenges such as climate change, resource depletion, and pollution are still widely relevant in today’s world. Many of these problems have been associated with the architecture, engineering, and construction industries due to the level of resources used in these professions. In recent years, many manufacturers in these fields have expressed the motivation to make necessary changes that would be beneficial to the environment. Despite this progress, there remains a lack of research and assessment on the methods to achieve environmental stability within these architectural fields. Examining the Environmental Impacts of Materials and Buildings provides emerging research exploring the theoretical and practical aspects of ecological performance within modern building design and materials-based construction. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as life cycle assessment, material flows analysis, and sustainability, this book is ideally designed for architects, civil engineers, construction professionals, environmentalists, ecologists, business practitioners, scientists, policymakers, designers, researchers, and academicians seeking research on current trends in environmental performance within building design.

Nanotechnology in Eco Efficient Construction

Nanotechnology in Eco Efficient Construction
Author: Fernando Pacheco-Torgal,M V Diamanti,A Nazari,C Goran-Granqvist
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 458
Release: 2013-04-04
ISBN 10: 0857098837
ISBN 13: 9780857098832
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotechnology in Eco Efficient Construction Book Review:

As the environmental impact of existing construction and building materials comes under increasing scrutiny, the search for more eco-efficient solutions has intensified. Nanotechnology offers great potential in this area and is already being widely used to great success. Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction is an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction. Following an introduction to the use of nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials, part one considers such infrastructural applications as nanoengineered cement-based materials, nanoparticles for high-performance and self-sensing concrete, and the use of nanotechnology to improve the bulk and surface properties of steel for structural applications. Nanoclay-modified asphalt mixtures and safety issues relating to nanomaterials for construction applications are also reviewed before part two goes on to discuss applications for building energy efficiency. Topics explored include thin films and nanostructured coatings, switchable glazing technology and third generation photovoltaic (PV) cells, high-performance thermal insulation materials, and silica nanogel for energy-efficient windows. Finally, photocatalytic applications are the focus of part three, which investigates nanoparticles for pollution control, self-cleaning and photosterilisation, and the role of nanotechnology in manufacturing paints and purifying water for eco-efficient buildings. Nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction is a technical guide for all those involved in the design, production and application of eco-efficient construction materials, including civil engineers, materials scientists, researchers and architects within any field of nanotechnology, eco-efficient materials or the construction industry. Provides an authoritative guide to the role of nanotechnology in the development of eco-efficient construction materials and sustainable construction Examines the use of nanotechnology in eco-efficient construction materials Considers a range of important infrastructural applications, before discussing applications for building energy efficiency

Building Materials Health and Indoor Air Quality

Building Materials  Health and Indoor Air Quality
Author: Tom Woolley
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2016-10-04
ISBN 10: 1317389751
ISBN 13: 9781317389750
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Building Materials Health and Indoor Air Quality Book Review:

The impact of building materials and construction methods on the health and wellbeing of occupants is often underestimated. This book is an essential guide to understanding and avoiding hazardous materials and poor air quality in buildings. The author covers a range of issues beginning with an explanation of how buildings work and how this influences the health of occupants and users. The text covers: Ventilation, air conditioning and indoor air quality Damp and mould Asthma and respiratory problems Cancer and endocrine disorders Radiation and radon Hazardous building materials used in construction Indoor air quality and emissions Ecological alternatives and approaches and remedies for ‘sick’ buildings The book also guides the reader through the confusing world of regulations, EU and international guidelines and certifications, and provides a critical analysis of different theories of healthy buildings and philosophies. Written in a clear and accessible style, this book provides indispensable advice and information to anyone wishing to better understand healthy buildings and materials. It is essential reading for architects, surveyors, public health professionals, facilities managers and environmentalists.

Guidelines for Evaluating Process Plant Buildings for External Explosions Fires and Toxic Releases

Guidelines for Evaluating Process Plant Buildings for External Explosions  Fires  and Toxic Releases
Author: CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2012-11-07
ISBN 10: 1118312988
ISBN 13: 9781118312988
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Guidelines for Evaluating Process Plant Buildings for External Explosions Fires and Toxic Releases Book Review:

Siting of permanent and temporary buildings in process areas requires careful consideration of potential effects of explosions and fires arising from accidental release of flammable materials. This book, which updates the 1996 edition, provides a single-source reference that explains the American Petroleum Institute (API) permanent (752) and temporary (753) building recommended practices and details how to implement them. New coverage on toxicity and updated standards are also highlighted. Practical and easy-to-use, this reliable guide is a must-have for implementing safe building practices.

Architecture

Architecture
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1984
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105006788355
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Architecture Book Review:

Building Materials

Building Materials
Author: Kathleen Hess-Kosa
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2017-04-07
ISBN 10: 1498714943
ISBN 13: 9781498714945
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Building Materials Book Review:

The construction industry is bombarded with ever-changing building materials—components of which are more and more difficult, if not impossible, to identify. Building material emissions have been implicated as a major source of indoor air pollution, and toxic gases, often unidentified, are generated in building fires. Building Materials: Product Emission and Combustion Health Hazards undertakes the task of identifying building materials emission and combustion health hazards. This practical guide introduces the complex world of polymers commonly used in building materials along with plasticizers and additives that are not regulated by OSHA. It also explores the topic of building materials as they relate to function and their emissions/combustion products along with thermal decomposition and combustion products as they relate to fire first responders. Engaging environmental professionals, construction management firms, architects, first respondents, and students, this valuable reference delivers a comprehensive spectrum of knowledge needed to face the challenges of managing building materials in the twenty-first century. Awareness is the first line of defense!

Proceedings of the Convention

Proceedings of the     Convention
Author: International Association of Fire Fighters
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2021
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: CORNELL:31924061186650
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the Convention Book Review:

Fire Technology Abstracts

Fire Technology Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1978
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105132170106
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fire Technology Abstracts Book Review:

Damp Indoor Spaces and Health

Damp Indoor Spaces and Health
Author: Committee on Damp Indoor Spaces and Health
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 341
Release: 2004-08-31
ISBN 10: 0309133394
ISBN 13: 9780309133395
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Damp Indoor Spaces and Health Book Review:

Almost all homes, apartments, and commercial buildings will experience leaks, flooding, or other forms of excessive indoor dampness at some point. Not only is excessive dampness a health problem by itself, it also contributes to several other potentially problematic types of situations. Molds and other microbial agents favor damp indoor environments, and excess moisture may initiate the release of chemical emissions from damaged building materials and furnishings. This new book from the Institute of Medicine examines the health impact of exposures resulting from damp indoor environments and offers recommendations for public health interventions. Damp Indoor Spaces and Health covers a broad range of topics. The book not only examines the relationship between damp or moldy indoor environments and adverse health outcomes but also discusses how and where buildings get wet, how dampness influences microbial growth and chemical emissions, ways to prevent and remediate dampness, and elements of a public health response to the issues. A comprehensive literature review finds sufficient evidence of an association between damp indoor environments and some upper respiratory tract symptoms, coughing, wheezing, and asthma symptoms in sensitized persons. This important book will be of interest to a wide-ranging audience of science, health, engineering, and building professionals, government officials, and members of the public.

Building Material Retailer

Building Material Retailer
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1991
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: MINN:31951P00116278R
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Building Material Retailer Book Review:

Plastics World

Plastics World
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1986
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822016032336
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plastics World Book Review:

Senate File

Senate File
Author: Iowa. General Assembly. Senate
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1987
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: IOWA:31858030004547
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Senate File Book Review:

Publications of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Catalog

Publications of the National Institute of Standards and Technology     Catalog
Author: National Institute of Standards and Technology (U.S.)
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1991
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OSU:32435028381242
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Publications of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Catalog Book Review:

Healthy Living in a Toxic World

Healthy Living in a Toxic World
Author: Cynthia E. Fincher
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 222
Release: 1996
ISBN 10: 9780891099789
ISBN 13: 0891099786
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Healthy Living in a Toxic World Book Review:

Dr. Cynthia Fincher provides readers with a framework to understand chemicals and their effects, as well as the regulatory and political forces that allow their dangers to perpetuate. She then explains how people can reduce their use of chemicals--thus reducing the risk of damaging effects.200 pp.

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality
Author: World Health Organization
Publsiher: World Health Organization
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2010
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCBK:C105261333
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

WHO Guidelines for Indoor Air Quality Book Review:

This book presents WHO guidelines for the protection of public health from risks due to a number of chemicals commonly present in indoor air. The substances considered in this review, i.e. benzene, carbon monoxide, formaldehyde, naphthalene, nitrogen dioxide, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (especially benzo[a]pyrene), radon, trichloroethylene and tetrachloroethylene, have indoor sources, are known in respect of their hazardousness to health and are often found indoors in concentrations of health concern. The guidelines are targeted at public health professionals involved in preventing health risks of environmental exposures, as well as specialists and authorities involved in the design and use of buildings, indoor materials and products. They provide a scientific basis for legally enforceable standards.

Environmental Deterioration of Materials

Environmental Deterioration of Materials
Author: A. Moncmanová
Publsiher: WIT Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 1845640322
ISBN 13: 9781845640323
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Deterioration of Materials Book Review:

The increasing level of pollution in the environment not only harms the natural world, but also accelerates the deterioration and corrosion of materials used in technical work, as well as objects with historical or artistic value. It is impossible to eliminate the numerous sources of this negative effect, so there are currently increased efforts towards improved preservation, which require a thorough knowledge of the causes of the degradation of individual materials.This book deals with the fundamental principles underlying environmental degradation of widely-used and economically important construction materials such as metals, stone, brick, concrete, timber, cast iron, steel, copper alloys and aluminium. It features information on the methods of deterioration, as well as general information on the economic impact of the damaging processes, and offers some suggested fundamental protection techniques for buildings, industrial and agricultural facilities, monuments and culturally important structures.This book will be of interest to materials and corrosion engineering experts, civil and environmental engineers, students and practicing professionals, designers, architects and restoration engineers. It will also be a useful tool for managers from various sectors of industry, for auditors of environmental management systems, and it can be used as a complementary course book for university students.

Hazardous and Toxic Materials

Hazardous and Toxic Materials
Author: Howard H. Fawcett
Publsiher: Wiley-Interscience
Total Pages: 296
Release: 1984
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015004480813
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hazardous and Toxic Materials Book Review:

Since the publication of the first edition in 1984, the handling and disposal of toxic materials has changed dramatically. To address current developments in the field, this new edition incorporates new material by 13 additional contributors, expanding the original single-authored work by 100 percent. Among the topics covered in this edition are: the Toxic Substances Control Act, SARA and Superfund, fires and explosions in standard and nuclear facilities, personal protective equipment and respiratory equipment, long-term toxicity, medical care and surveillance for hazardous waste workers, aqueous foams, remediation of contaminated sites, and much more. This edition also includes scenarios of mock trials designed to help train lawyers in this specialty.