Thermoplastics and Thermoplastic Composites

Thermoplastics and Thermoplastic Composites
Author: Michel Biron
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 944
Release: 2007-04-26
ISBN 10: 9780080489803
ISBN 13: 008048980X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermoplastics and Thermoplastic Composites Book Review:

Thermoplastics represent appx 90% by weight of all plastics consumed world-wide. We know them mainly in the form of polythenes, polyolefins, polystyrenes, nylons and acrylics. Under different heating conditions and by varying the composition of the plastic it is possible to make many different products with differing properties. This is a decision-making tool and source-book of information for plastics users, providing detailed accounts of the materials used, their economics,the selection of appropriate materials, and the use of thermoplastic resins and their composites. By having this book to hand, you will use the right material in the right way to produce the right product. · Provides a quick and pragmatic approach to selecting thermoplastics for the non-specialist plastics user · Offers detailed accounts of thermoplastics including economic and technological elements · Clear and easy to understand illustrated with figures, tables and graphs throughout

Thermoplastics and Thermoplastic Composites

Thermoplastics and Thermoplastic Composites
Author: Michel Biron
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 1064
Release: 2012-12-31
ISBN 10: 1455730351
ISBN 13: 9781455730353
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermoplastics and Thermoplastic Composites Book Review:

This book bridges the technology and business aspects of thermoplastics, providing a guide designed for engineers working in real-world industrial settings. The author explores the criteria for material selection, provides a detailed guide to each family of thermoplastics, and also explains the various processing options for each material type. More than 30 families of thermoplastics are described with information on their advantages and drawbacks, special grades, prices, transformation processes, applications, thermal behaviour, technological properties (tenacity, friction, dimensional stability), durability (ageing, creep, fatigue), chemical and fire behaviour, electrical properties, and joining possibilities. Biron explores the technological properties and economics of the major thermoplastics and reinforced thermoplastics, such as polyethylene, and emerging polymers such as polybenzimidazole, Thermoplastic Elastomers (TPEs) and bioplastics. In the second edition, a new section ‘plastics solutions for practical problems’ provides over 25 case studies illustrating a wide range of design and production challenges across the spectrum of thermoplastics, from metal and glass replacement solutions, to fire retardant plastics and antimicrobials. In addition, Biron provides major new material on bioplastics and wood plastic composites (WPCs), and fully updated data throughout. Combining materials data, information on processing techniques, and economic aspects (pricing), Biron provides a unique end-to-end approach to the selection and use of materials in the plastics industry and related sectors Includes a new section of case studies, illustrating best practice across a wide range of applications and industry sectors New material on bioplastics and sustainable composites

Thermoplastics and Thermoplastic Composities in the Automotive Industry 1997 2000

Thermoplastics and Thermoplastic Composities in the Automotive Industry 1997 2000
Author: Neil Drake
Publsiher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Total Pages: 80
Release: 1998
ISBN 10: 9781859571316
ISBN 13: 185957131X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermoplastics and Thermoplastic Composities in the Automotive Industry 1997 2000 Book Review:

This report provides detailed documentation on current trends and prospectice developments in the use of thermoplastics and thermoplastic composites by the automotive industry.

Welding Thermoplastics and Thermoplastic Composite Materials

Welding Thermoplastics and Thermoplastic Composite Materials
Author: Ali Yousefpour,Mehdi Hojjati
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2011-02-22
ISBN 10: 9780470163740
ISBN 13: 0470163747
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Welding Thermoplastics and Thermoplastic Composite Materials Book Review:

This book presents a fully comprehensive coverage of joining thermoplastic and thermoplastic composite materials. It fills the gap in the field literature, which lacks such a reference for understanding and working with the extensive joining methods for thermoplastics and composites. The book thoroughly examines different welding methods for thermoplastic and thermoplastic composite materials. Each chapter is devoted to a specific welding method and contains corresponding welding fundamentals, welding procedure, joint design and configurations, numerical process models, evaluation methods, weld performance, characterization methods, and applications with an extensive cross-referencing for each chapter. Further, this book presents the latest progress in the field of joining thermoplastics, including practical examples from literature, patents and existing commercial products. The book helps academic and industry scientists understand how to incorporate different joining methods in their research and select the proper joining method for applications.

Handbook of Thermoplastics Second Edition

Handbook of Thermoplastics  Second Edition
Author: Olagoke Olabisi,Kolapo Adewale
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 994
Release: 2016-02-03
ISBN 10: 1466577231
ISBN 13: 9781466577237
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Thermoplastics Second Edition Book Review:

This new edition of the bestselling Handbook of Thermoplastics incorporates recent developments and advances in thermoplastics with regard to materials development, processing, properties, and applications. With contributions from 65 internationally recognized authorities in the field, the second edition features new and updated discussions of several topics, including: Polymer nanocomposites Laser processing of thermoplastic composites Bioplastics Natural fiber thermoplastic composites Materials selection Design and application Additives for thermoplastics Recycling of thermoplastics Regulatory and legislative issues related to health, safety, and the environment The book also discusses state-of-the-art techniques in science and technology as well as environmental assessment with regard to the impact of thermoplastics. Each chapter is written in a review format that covers: Historical development and commercialization Polymerization and process technologies Structural and phase characteristics in relation to use properties The effects of additives on properties and applications Blends, alloys, copolymers, and composites derived from thermoplastics Applications Giving thorough coverage of the most recent trends in research and practice, the Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition is an indispensable resource for experienced and practicing professionals as well as upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in a wide range of disciplines and industries.

Thermoplastic Aromatic Polymer Composites

Thermoplastic Aromatic Polymer Composites
Author: Frederic Neil Cogswell
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2013-10-22
ISBN 10: 1483164764
ISBN 13: 9781483164762
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermoplastic Aromatic Polymer Composites Book Review:

Thermoplastic Aromatic Polymer Composites: A Study of the Structure, Processing and Properties of Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polyetheretherketone and Related Materials deals with the field of thermoplastic composite materials through a study of carbon fiber reinforced polyetheretherketone. The book is composed of twelve chapters. The first four chapters are an introduction and basic learning of thermoplastic composite materials. These chapters include discussions on the components of thermoplastics, product forms, and the microstructure of aromatic polymer composites. The processing and manufacturing technology, including the fundamental operations, control, and the wide implications of manufacturing the composite material, are analyzed. The service performance structure of three interactions, namely, material, design, and processing, are illustrated. The strength of thermoplastic composites is then considered through an analysis of both shear and extensions with elastic modulus, but in the case of material strength, the differences between tension and compression properties should be taken into account. The book also notes that the durability, temperature sensitivity, and environmental resistance should likewise be regarded for a structural composite to have practical value and satisfactory performance. Lastly, the text explains that the numerous applications of thermoplastic structural composites, such as in medicine, aviation, marine and space technology, automotive, and industrial machinery, are all important and a rigorous evaluation is therefore necessary. The book finally suggests that the research into the future developments in the thermoplastic structural composites and the trend toward new design strategies and processing technology are important in optimizing the composite's great potential. Industrial researchers in the field of chemistry and polymer composites, students, and academicians interested in the design and application of polymer composites will find this book relevant.

Materials Design and Manufacturing for Lightweight Vehicles

Materials  Design and Manufacturing for Lightweight Vehicles
Author: P K Mallick
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2010-03-01
ISBN 10: 1845697820
ISBN 13: 9781845697822
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials Design and Manufacturing for Lightweight Vehicles Book Review:

Research into the manufacture of lightweight automobiles is driven by the need to reduce fuel consumption to preserve dwindling hydrocarbon resources without compromising other attributes such as safety, performance, recyclability and cost. Materials, design and manufacturing for lightweight vehicles will make it easier for engineers to not only learn about the materials being considered for lightweight automobiles, but also to compare their characteristics and properties. Part one discusses materials for lightweight automotive structures with chapters on advanced steels for lightweight automotive structures, aluminium alloys, magnesium alloys for lightweight powertrains and automotive structures, thermoplastics and thermoplastic matrix composites and thermoset matrix composites for lightweight automotive structures. Part two reviews manufacturing and design of lightweight automotive structures covering topics such as manufacturing processes for light alloys, joining for lightweight vehicles, recycling and lifecycle issues and crashworthiness design for lightweight vehicles. With its distinguished editor and renowned team of contributors, Materials, design and manufacturing for lightweight vehicles is a standard reference for practicing engineers involved in the design and material selection for motor vehicle bodies and components as well as material scientists, environmental scientists, policy makers, car companies and automotive component manufacturers. Provides a comprehensive analysis of the materials being used for the manufacture of lightweight vehicles whilst comparing characteristics and properties Examines crashworthiness design issues for lightweight vehicles and further emphasises the development of lightweight vehicles without compromising safety considerations and performance Explores the manufacturing process for light alloys including metal forming processes for automotive applications

High Performance Thermoplastic Resins and Their Composites

High Performance Thermoplastic Resins and Their Composites
Author: Sylvie Beland
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 181
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN 10: 0815517904
ISBN 13: 9780815517900
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High Performance Thermoplastic Resins and Their Composites Book Review:

Recent developments in high performance thermoplastic resins and their composites are described in this book, and the benefits and limitations of these emerging materials are assessed for aerospace and other applications. Discussions on the performance of neat and continuous fiber reinforced thermoplastic resins in terms of their properties and environmental and chemical resistance are provided.

Lightweight Polymer Composite Structures

Lightweight Polymer Composite Structures
Author: Sanjay Mavinkere Rangappa,Jyotishkumar Parameswaranpillai,Suchart Siengchin,Lothar Kroll
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 394
Release: 2020-09-01
ISBN 10: 0429520824
ISBN 13: 9780429520822
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lightweight Polymer Composite Structures Book Review:

This book provides a comprehensive account of developments in the area of lightweight polymer composites. It encompasses design and manufacturing methods for the lightweight polymer structures, various techniques, and a broad spectrum of applications. The book highlights fundamental research in lightweight polymer structures and integrates various aspects from synthesis to applications of these materials. Features Serves as a one stop reference with contributions from leading researchers from industry, academy, government, and private research institutions across the globe Explores all important aspects of lightweight polymer composite structures Offers an update of concepts, advancements, challenges, and application of lightweight structures Current status, trends, future directions, and opportunities are discussed, making it friendly for both new and experienced researchers.

Lightweight and Sustainable Materials for Automotive Applications

Lightweight and Sustainable Materials for Automotive Applications
Author: Omar Faruk,Jimi Tjong,Mohini Sain
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 497
Release: 2017-06-01
ISBN 10: 1351649000
ISBN 13: 9781351649001
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lightweight and Sustainable Materials for Automotive Applications Book Review:

Automotive manufacturers are required to decrease CO2 emissions and increase fuel economy while assuring driver comfort and safety. In recent years, there has been rapid development in the application of lightweight and sustainable materials in the automotive industry to help meet these criteria. This book provides critical reviews and the latest research results of various lightweight and sustainable materials in automotive applications. It discusses current applications and future trends of lightweight materials in the automotive area. While there are a few books published mainly focusing on automotive applications of metallic lightweight materials, to date there is no available book focusing on a broad spectrum of lightweight materials, including metal, plastic, composites, bio-fiber, bio-polymer, carbon fiber, glass fiber, nanomaterials, rubber materials, and foaming materials, as this work does. The book also includes case studies of commercial lightweight automotive parts from sustainable lightweight materials, providing an invaluable resource to those involved in this in-demand research and commercialization area.

Design and Manufacture of Textile Composites

Design and Manufacture of Textile Composites
Author: A C Long
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2006-01-05
ISBN 10: 9780849325939
ISBN 13: 0849325935
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Design and Manufacture of Textile Composites Book Review:

Textile composites encompass a rather narrow range of materials, based on three-dimensional reinforcements produced using specialist equipment. This book describes the design, manufacture and applications of textile composites. The intention is to describe the broad range of polymer composite materials with textile reinforcements, from woven and non-crimp commodity fabrics to 3-D textiles and their applications. The book gives particular attention to the modelling of textile structures, composites manufacturing methods, and subsequent component performance. This practical book is an invaluable guide for manufacturers of polymer composite components, end-users and designers, structural materials researchers, and textile manufacturers involved in the development of new products with textile composites.

Thermoplastic Materials

Thermoplastic Materials
Author: Christopher C. Ibeh
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2011-04-25
ISBN 10: 1420093835
ISBN 13: 9781420093834
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermoplastic Materials Book Review:

Practical and affordable, thermoplastics account for more than 90 percent of all plastic materials manufactured. That so many varieties are now available, speaks to the idea that while there is no one perfect material, it is possible to find a material that fits for every application. However, selecting that right material is no small challenge. Answering the needs of manufacturers and product developers, Thermoplastic Materials: Properties, Manufacturing Methods, and Applications provides all the information required to confidently select the right thermoplastic for any application. Based on a course taught to engineering students, the book starts with an overview of the plastics industry, looking at the major companies involved and how their products influence society. It then discusses various topics essential to the understanding and manufacturing of thermoplastics before getting to the core of the book, more than 400 pages of consistently formatted entries, organized according to 19 thermoplastics families and groupings. Each chapter covers raw materials, manufacturing methods, properties, costs, and applications. Among many topics related to thermoplastic resins, this seminal work: Provides micro and quasi-macro perspectives on their behavior Evaluates major manufacturing methods Discusses crystallinity and permeability Elaborates on the properties that make them useful barrier and packaging materials Written by Christopher Ibeh, professor of plastics engineering technology and director of the Center for Nanocomposites and Multifunctional Materials at Pittsburg State University, this book goes beyond current practices to look at emerging materials, including nanocomposites, and discusses sustainability as it relates to plastics. It also includes a chapter on functionalized thermoplastics, written by Andrey Beyle.

Polymer Composites for Civil and Structural Engineering

Polymer Composites for Civil and Structural Engineering
Author: L. Hollaway
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 259
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9401121362
ISBN 13: 9789401121361
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Composites for Civil and Structural Engineering Book Review:

New materials and methods within the construction industry offer substantial advantages in terms of cost, durability, ease of design, and ease of fabrication. This new book looks at the multitude of uses of polymer composites in construction and discusses fabrication methods, suitability of materials, design methods, construction methods, performance and practical applications.

Manufacturing of Polymer Composites

Manufacturing of Polymer Composites
Author: B. Tomas Astrom
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 469
Release: 2018-04-27
ISBN 10: 1351433792
ISBN 13: 9781351433792
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Manufacturing of Polymer Composites Book Review:

The potential application areas for polymer composites are vast. While techniques and methodologies for composites design are relatively well established, the knowledge and understanding of post-design issues lag far behind. This leads to designs and eventually composites with disappointing properties and unnecessarily high cost, thus impeding a wider industrial acceptance of polymer composites. Manufacturing of Polymer Composites completely covers pre- and post-design issues. While the book enables students to become fully comfortable with composites as a possible materials choice, it also provides sufficient knowledge about manufacturing-related issues to permit them to avoid common pitfalls and unmanufacturable designs. The book is a fully comprehensive text covering all commercially significant materials and manufacturing techniques while at the same time discussing areas of research and development that are nearing commercial reality.

Thermosets and Composites

Thermosets and Composites
Author: Michel Biron
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 536
Release: 2003-12-18
ISBN 10: 9780080519203
ISBN 13: 0080519202
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermosets and Composites Book Review:

• A succinct source of information for designers and manufacturers. • A decision-making tool for those who need a quick and pragmatic account of thermosets and composites. • A synoptic account of the techno-economics and properties of all the commonly-used thermosets and composites. Designers and manufacturers using thermosets and composites, or those intending to do so, often need a succinct source of information on the economics and properties of these materials. This book provides a synoptic approach. It covers the economic importance of thermosets and composites, a comparison of the properties of the various thermoset categories, monographs on the nine principal families of thermosets, polymer composites and emergent materials and processes. Will enable readers to make informed decisions leading to well designed and made products.

Polypropylene

Polypropylene
Author: J. Karger-Kocsis
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 966
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9401144214
ISBN 13: 9789401144216
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polypropylene Book Review:

My heart sank when I was approached by Dr Hastings and by Professor Briggs (Senior Editor of Materials Science and Technology and Series Editor of Polymer Science and Technology Series at Chapman & Hall, respectively) to edit a book with the provisional title Handbook of Poly propylene. My reluctance was due to the fact that my former book [1] along with that of Moore [2], issued in the meantime, seemed to cover the information demand on polypropylene and related systems. Encour aged, however, by some colleagues (the new generation of scientists and engineers needs a good reference book with easy information retrieval, and the development with metallocene catalysts deserves a new update!), I started on this venture. Having some experience with polypropylene systems and being aware of the current literature, it was easy to settle the titles for the book chapters and also to select and approach the most suitable potential contributors. Fortunately, many of my first-choice authors accepted the invitation to contribute. Like all editors of multi-author volumes, I recognize that obtaining contributors follows an S-type curve of asymptotic saturation when the number of willing contributors is plotted as a function of time. The saturation point is, however, never reached and as a consequence, Dear Reader, you will also find some topics of some relevance which are not explicitly treated in this book (but, believe me, I have considered them).

Processing of Green Composites

Processing of Green Composites
Author: Pawan Kumar Rakesh,Inderdeep Singh
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 123
Release: 2019-03-15
ISBN 10: 9811360197
ISBN 13: 9789811360190
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Processing of Green Composites Book Review:

This book is a collection of chapters focusing on green composite materials. The selection of natural fibers and polymer matrix materials, and the bonding between them forms an essential aspect of this book. The book discusses the chemical treatment of natural fibers and their compatibility with different matrix materials. The growing applications of composites in every day life ranging from automobiles to aerospace are also discussed. The book highlights the importance of processing of natural fiber reinforced composite materials to enhance their mechanical strength and performance. The contents of this book will be beneficial for students, researchers and industry professionals working on composite materials.

Advanced Thermoplastic Composites

Advanced Thermoplastic Composites
Author: Hans-Henning Kausch,Roger Legras
Publsiher: Hanser Gardner Publications
Total Pages: 370
Release: 1993
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822015630569
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Thermoplastic Composites Book Review:

Here is the book the thermoplastics industry has been waiting for -- a comprehensive, practical guide to high temperature resistant thermoplastic polymers. These composites offer the professional clear advantages in plastics design due to superior properties like stiffness, strength, and weldability. This up-to-date book details those advantages in a clear and accessible format that is ideally suited to designers, engineers, and materials scientists. Here are just a few of the many exciting features this book has to offer: lucid, in-depth discussions of the molecular characterization, processing behavior, and long-term properties of advanced thermoplastic composites; examples of how these polymers have great potential for the machine, automotive, aeronautics, marine, and space industries, and for precision tools and instruments; theoretical discussions to supplement the practical descriptions, thereby allowing readers an overall understanding of the wide ranging applications possible for these infinitely useful composites; a fascinating history of the intense research activity that led to the development of advanced thermoplastics, with particular attention paid to pioneering work that originated in the Louvain-La-Neuve, Lausanne, and ICI Wilton laboratories. Advanced Thermoplastics Composites will be of significant interest to anyone engaged in the design and fabrication of polymer products. Researchers in polymer and materials science will find the book an indispensable guide to the structure and deformation of these exciting polymers of the future.

Processability of Polymeric Composites

Processability of Polymeric Composites
Author: Anup K. Ghosh,Mayank Dwivedi
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 270
Release: 2019-12-07
ISBN 10: 8132239334
ISBN 13: 9788132239338
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Processability of Polymeric Composites Book Review:

This textbook covers the processing of advanced composites and their various technologies, with special emphasis on the distinct characteristics of processability. The book covers the impact of different processing techniques on the performance and characteristics of the final product. Written with a didactic approach, the volume contains extensive illustrations and pedagogic features (including examples and exercises) to help the reader assess and correlate existing technologies. The book will be useful as a text in graduate courses in processing of polymers and composites and can additionally be used as a professional reference.

Composites for Automotive Truck and Mass Transit

Composites for Automotive  Truck and Mass Transit
Author: Uday Vaidya
Publsiher: DEStech Publications, Inc
Total Pages: 419
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 1932078797
ISBN 13: 9781932078794
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Composites for Automotive Truck and Mass Transit Book Review:

· Technical explanation of composite materials in vehicle design and manufacture · Covers all phases of composites design, formulation, fabrication, and testing · Features hundreds of case studies and hard-to-find formulas and analytical data · Detailed information on resins, preforms, lightweighting, biobased materials -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- This technical book provides a comprehensive explanation of how advanced composite materials, including FRPs, reinforced thermoplastics, carbon-based composites and many others are designed, processed and utilized in exterior, interior, under-the-hood, structural, semi-structural and non-structural components in passenger cars, performance cars, trucks, motorbikes, and mass transit vehicles. The book clarifies how the material properties of composites can be optimized to decrease weight, expand design options, improve crashworthiness, and reduce fuel consumption in response to CAFE and other regulations. The many case studies and equation-based analyses in this book are intended to assist engineers and others in the selection of materials and the fabrication of vehicle parts.Table of Contents: CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction 1.2 History and Legislative Actions 1.3 The Case for Lightweighting 1.4 Technological Barriers 1.5 Advantages and Opportunities 1.6 Integral Factors 1.7 Summary 1.8 References CHAPTER 2: POLYMER RESINS, ADDITIVES AND SANDWICH CORES FOR AUTOMOTIVE, MASS TRANSIT AND HEAVY TRUCKS 2.1 Introduction 2.2 Polymer Resins: Thermoset and Thermoplastic 2.3 Thermoset Polymer Composites 2.4 Thermoplastic Resins 2.5 Additives 2.6 Structural Foams and Core Materials 2.7 Summary 2.8 References CHAPTER 3: REINFORCEMENTS FOR AUTOMOTIVE AND TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS 3.1 Reinforcing Fibers 3.2 Reinforcement Length Scales and Forms 3.3 Glass Fibers 3.4 Carbon or Graphite Fibers 3.5 Aramid (Kevlar") Fibers 3.6 High-Strength Polyolefin Fibers 3.7 Basalt Fibers 3.8 Summary5 3.9 References CHAPTER 4: MATERIAL FORMS FOR AUTOMOTIVE, HEAVY TRUCKS AND MASS TRANSIT 4.1 Need for Intermediate Material Forms 4.2 Preforming 4.3 Intermediate Material Form for Thermoplastic Composites 4.4 Summary 4.5 References CHAPTER 5: DISCONTINUOUS REINFORCEMENT-BASED PROCESSES FOR AUTOMOTIVE AND TRANSPORTATION APPLICATIONS 5.1 Discontinuous Forms 5.2 Glass Mat Thermoplastic Composites (GMT) 5.3 Long Fiber Thermoplastics (LFT) 5.4 Sheet Molding Compound (SMC) 5.5 Compression Molding 5.6 Programmable Powdered Preform Process (P4) 5.7 Structural Foam Molding 5.8 Other Application Case Studies with Discontinuous Fiber Composites 5.9 Exterior 5.10 Interior 5.11 Lightweighting Fuel Cells 5.12 Summary 5.13 References CHAPTER 6: CONTINUOUS FIBER REINFORCEMENT BASED PROCESSES FOR AUTOMOTIVE, HEAVY TRUCKS AND MASS TRANSIT 6.1 Continuous Fiber Composites 6.2 Preforming 6.3 Continuous Fiber Processes for Automotive and Transportation Applications 6.4 Application Case Studies with Continuous Fiber Reinforcements 6.5 Summary 6.6 References CHAPTER 7: MECHANICS AND DESIGN TIPS 7.1 Test Methods and Specific Properties 7.2 Conversion Between Volume and Weight Fractions 7.3 Stiffness and Strength Prediction of Discontinuous and Continuous Fiber Composites 7.4 Stiffness Equivalency 7.5 Sandwich Composites 7.6 Ribbed LFT and Tape Reinforced LFT 7.7 Summary 7.8 References CHAPTER 8: COMPOSITE MANUFACTURING PROCESS ANALYSIS FOR AUTOMOTIVE PARTS 8.1 Background 8.2 Production Requirements 8.3 Representative Part 8.4 Cost Analysis 8.5 Economic Benefit for the Material Supplier 8.6 Summary 8.7 References CHAPTER 9: CARBON FIBER 9.1 Background 9.2 Challenges 9.3 Typical Properties of Automotive Carbon Fiber Composites 9.4 Carbon Fibers in Cars 9.5 Summary 9.6 References CHAPTER 10: PERFORMANCE CARS 10.1 Background 10.2 Performance Cars 10.3 Hypercar 10.4 Futuristic Concept Cars 10.5 Race Motorbikes 10.6 Summary 10.7 References CHAPTER 11: HEAVY TRUCKS AND MASS TRANSIT 11.1 Commercial Motor Vehicles (CMVs) 11.2 Role of Composites in Mass Transit 11.3 Composite Subelements for Mass Transit 11.4 Summary 11.5 References CHAPTER 12: JOINING AND ADHESIVES 12.1 Joining and Bonding Strategies 12.2 Adhesive Bonding 12.3 Fusion Bonding/Welding 12.4 Joining in Automotive and Transportation Components 12.5 Summary 12.6 References CHAPTER 13: BIOCOMPOSITES, RECYCLING AND ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS 13.1 Need for Environmentally Friendly Materials 13.2 History 13.3 Regulations 13.4 Green Materials/Natural Fibers 13.5 Bio-Resins and Nanoclay Modified Resins 13.6 Nanocomposites 13.7 Intermediate Forms 13.8 Examples of Natural Fiber and Biocomposite Automotive Parts 13.9 Recycled Composite Scrap for Transportation 13.10 Summary 13.11 References CHAPTER 14: OVERALL SUMMARY 14.1 Overall Trends 14.2 Opportunities and Challenges Index