The Urban Heat Island

The Urban Heat Island
Author: Iain D. Stewart,Gerald Mills
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 182
Release: 2021-05-28
ISBN 10: 0128156902
ISBN 13: 9780128156902
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Urban Heat Island Book Review:

The Urban Heat Island (UHI) is an area of growing interest for many people studying the urban environment and local/global climate change. The UHI has been scientifically studied for 200 years and, although it is an apparently simple phenomenon, there is considerable confusion around the different types of UHI and their assessment. The Urban Heat Island—A Guidebook provides simple instructions for measuring and analysing the phenomenon, as well as greater context for defining the UHI and the impacts it can have. Readers will be empowered to work within a set of guidelines that enable direct comparison of UHI effects across diverse settings, while informing a wide range of climate mitigation and adaptation programs to modify human behaviour and the built form. This opens the door to true global assessments of local climate change in cities. Urban planning and design strategies can then be evaluated for their effectiveness at mitigating these changes. Covers both on-surface and near-surface, or canopy, measurements and impacts of Urban Heat Islands (UHI) Provides a set of best practices and guidelines for UHI observation and analysis Includes both conceptual overviews and practical instructions for a wide range of uses

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates
Author: Ansar Khan,Soumendu Chatterjee,Yupeng Wang
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2020-11-17
ISBN 10: 0128225580
ISBN 13: 9780128225585
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates Book Review:

Urban Heat Island Modeling for Tropical Climates takes into account the different urban physics in tropical environments, presenting a way of UHI scaling for tropical cities. Topics include measuring, modeling and proper mitigation strategies, which account for the surface energy balance of tropics. Tropical cities are more susceptible to the effects of projected global warming because of conditions in tropical climates and the rapid growth of so many cities in this zone. The need for research on measuring, modeling and mitigation of UHI effects in tropical cities is of growing importance. This book walks through the basics of Urban Heat Islands, including causes, measurement and analysis then expands upon issues as well as the novel techniques that can be used to address issues specific to the region. Reviews topics related to understanding the fundamentals of modeling and impacts of urban heat islands Covers many techniques, from remote sensing, to numerical modeling and then applying them to urban climate studies in general, and in tropical cities Describes the scaling of urban heat islands based on long-term seasonal thermal parameters as feature-based classification systems using a probabilistic and fuzzy logic approach, unlike local climate zones (LCZs)

Tropical Urban Heat Islands

Tropical Urban Heat Islands
Author: Nyuk Hien Wong,Yu Chen
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2008-08-29
ISBN 10: 1134221096
ISBN 13: 9781134221097
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tropical Urban Heat Islands Book Review:

Conventional air conditioning is not a sustainable solution to the challenge of a hot or humid climate. The climate problem is compounded in so-called Urban Heat Islands, urban areas where the air can be 3–5°C hotter than its surrounding areas and where pollution levels are consequently raised. Including a colour section with thermal images and maps, this book explores the complex relationships between climate, buildings and plants, especially in urban heat islands. These relationships bear very critically on a range of environmental issues and point to some corresponding solutions. One chapter highlights some of the extensive research work carried out in Singapore, especially investigating the thermal benefits of greenery in buildings in the urban setting. Though several books have been written on urban heat islands, this work uniquely examines the linkages between climate, buildings and plants. It forms a reference for researchers and professionals such as architects, architectural science, landscape architects, building services engineers, urban planners and urban climatologists. It may also be useful for final year undergraduates or graduate students in these disciplines.

Heat Islands

Heat Islands
Author: Lisa Mummery Gartland
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2012-05-16
ISBN 10: 1136564209
ISBN 13: 9781136564208
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Heat Islands Book Review:

Heat islands are urban and suburban areas that are significantly warmer than their surroundings. Traditional, highly absorptive construction materials and a lack of effective landscaping are their main causes. Heat island problems, in terms of increased energy consumption, reduced air quality and effects on human health and mortality, are becoming more pressing as cities continue to grow and sprawl. This comprehensive book brings together the latest information about heat islands and their mitigation. The book describes how heat islands are formed, what problems they cause, which technologies mitigate heat island effects and what policies and actions can be taken to cool communities. Internationally renowned expert Lisa Gartland offers a comprehensive source of information for turning heat islands into cool communities. The author includes sections on cool roofing and cool paving, explains their benefits in detail and provides practical guidelines for their selection and installation. The book also reviews how and why to incorporate trees and vegetation around buildings, in parking lots and on green roofs.

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands
Author: Hideki Takebayashi,Masakazu Moriyama
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2020-03-20
ISBN 10: 0128176253
ISBN 13: 9780128176252
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands Book Review:

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands helps the reader understand the relative performance of these adaptation measures, methods and analysis relating to their creation and maintenance, evaluation methods, and the role of policy and governance in implementing them. A suite of case studies is included on these urban or metropolitan areas that are significantly warmer than their surrounding rural areas due to human activities. In recent years, a suite of adaptation measures have been developed to mitigate the urban heat island phenomena. Provides a range of concrete implementation methods Assesses relative performance of adaptation measures and countermeasure technologies Establishes methods for human thermal environmental interventions Reviews adaptation cities selected for excellent energy performance and thermal comfort indicators

Urban Heat Island UHI Mitigation

Urban Heat Island  UHI  Mitigation
Author: Napoleon Enteria,Matteos Santamouris,Ursula Eicker
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 307
Release: 2020-12-14
ISBN 10: 9813340509
ISBN 13: 9789813340503
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Heat Island UHI Mitigation Book Review:

This book discusses the concepts and technologies associated with the mitigation of urban heat islands (UHIs) that are applicable in hot and humid regions. It presents several city case studies on how UHIs can be reduced in various areas to provide readers, researchers, and policymakers with insights into the concepts and technologies that should be considered when planning and constructing urban centres and buildings. The rapid development of urban areas in hot and humid regions has led to an increase in urban temperatures, a decrease in ventilation in buildings, and a transformation of the once green outdoor environment into areas full of solar-energy-absorbing concrete and asphalt. This situation has increased the discomfort of people living in these areas regardless of whether they occupy concrete structures. This is because indoor and outdoor air quality have both suffered from urbanisation. The development of urban areas has also increased energy consumption so that the occupants of buildings can enjoy indoor thermal comfort and air quality that they need via air conditioning systems. This book offers solutions to the recent increase in the number of heat islands in hot and humid regions.​

Urban Heat Island Mitigation Technologies

Urban Heat Island Mitigation Technologies
Author: Rohinton Emmanuel
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 108
Release: 2021-09-02
ISBN 10: 3036507221
ISBN 13: 9783036507224
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Heat Island Mitigation Technologies Book Review:

This book is relevant to architects, urban designers, planners, and policy makers concerned with enhancing climate-sensitive urban form and planning. It discusses building and neighborhood design: layout and design features that maximize energy efficiency and thermal comfort without compromising the ability of other buildings to enjoy similar benefits; the use of interstitial spaces (piazzas, streets, and parks) to improve the microclimate at the neighbourhood-level; design intervention case studies; innovative uses of interstitial spaces to improve the local climate at the neighborhood level; and urban radiative cooling solutions to mitigate the unintended climate consequences of urban growth and suggestions for ways forward.

Climate Change Resilience in Urban Environments

Climate Change Resilience in Urban Environments
Author: Tristan Kershaw
Publsiher: Myprint
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2017-12-14
ISBN 10: 9780750317818
ISBN 13: 0750317817
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change Resilience in Urban Environments Book Review:

Between 1930 and 2030, the world's population will have flipped from 70% rural to 70% urban. While much has been written about the impacts of climate change and mitigation of its effects on individual buildings or infrastructure, this book is one of the first to focus on the resilience of whole cities. It covers a broad range of area-wide disaster-level impacts, including drought, heatwaves, flooding, storms and air quality, which many of our cities are ill-adapted to cope with, and unless we can increase the resilience of our urban areas then much of our current building stock may become uninhabitable.

The Urban Fix

The Urban Fix
Author: Douglas Kelbaugh
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2019-04-01
ISBN 10: 0429614454
ISBN 13: 9780429614453
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Urban Fix Book Review:

Cities are one of the most significant contributors to global climate change. The rapid speed at which urban centers use large amounts of resources adds to the global crisis and can lead to extreme local heat. The Urban Fix addresses how urban design, planning and policies can counter the threats of climate change, urban heat islands and overpopulation, helping cities take full advantage of their inherent advantages and new technologies to catalyze social, cultural and physical solutions to combat the epic, unprecedented challenges humanity faces. The book fills a conspicuous void in the international dialogue on climate change and heat islands by examining both the environmental benefits in developed countries and the population benefit in developing countries. Urban heat islands can be addressed in incremental, manageable steps, such as planting trees and painting roofs white, which provide a more concrete and proactive sense of progress for policymakers and practitioners. This book is invaluable to anyone searching for a better understanding of the impact of resilient cities in the monumental and urgent fight against climate change, and provides the tools to do so.

Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics Volume Two

Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics  Volume Two
Author: Harindra Joseph Fernando
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 587
Release: 2012-12-12
ISBN 10: 1466556013
ISBN 13: 9781466556010
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics Volume Two Book Review:

With major implications for applied physics, engineering, and the natural and social sciences, the rapidly growing area of environmental fluid dynamics focuses on the interactions of human activities, environment, and fluid motion. A landmark for the field, the two-volume Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics presents the basic principles, fundamental flow processes, modeling techniques, and measurement methods used in the study of environmental motions. It also offers critical discussions of environmental sustainability related to engineering. The handbook features 81 chapters written by 135 renowned researchers from around the world. Covering environmental, policy, biological, and chemical aspects, it tackles important cross-disciplinary topics such as sustainability, ecology, pollution, micrometeorology, and limnology. Volume Two: Systems, Pollution, Modeling, and Measurements explores the interactions between engineered structures and anthropogenic activities that affect natural flows, with particular emphasis on environmental pollution. The book covers the numerical methodologies that underpin research, predictive modeling, and cyber-infrastructure developments. It also addresses practical aspects of laboratory experiments and field observations that validate quantitative predictions and help identify new phenomena and processes. As communities face existential challenges posed by climate change, rapid urbanization, and scarcity of water and energy, the study of environmental fluid dynamics becomes increasingly relevant. This volume is a valuable resource for students, researchers, and policymakers working to better understand environmental motions and how they affect and are influenced by anthropogenic activities. See also Handbook of Environmental Fluid Dynamics, Two-Volume Set and Volume One: Overview and Fundamentals.

Remote Sensing of Environment

Remote Sensing of Environment
Author: Diofantos Hadjimitsis
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2013-07-10
ISBN 10: 9535111523
ISBN 13: 9789535111528
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Remote Sensing of Environment Book Review:

This book covers the latest developments in remote sensing theory and applications by numerous researchers, experts and collaborators of the Remote Sensing and Geo-Environment Lab of the Department of Civil Engineering and Geomatics of the Cyprus University of Technology. The main highlight of this book is combination of several techniques such as satellite remote sensing, field spectroscopy, smart sensors, ground techniques for achieving an integrated method for the systematic monitoring of the environment.

Urban Climates

Urban Climates
Author: T. R. Oke,G. Mills,A. Christen,J. A. Voogt
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2017-09-14
ISBN 10: 0521849500
ISBN 13: 9780521849500
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Urban Climates Book Review:

Urban Climates is the first full synthesis of modern scientific and applied research on urban climates. The book begins with an outline of what constitutes an urban ecosystem. It develops a comprehensive terminology for the subject using scale and surface classification as key constructs. It explains the physical principles governing the creation of distinct urban climates, such as airflow around buildings, the heat island, precipitation modification and air pollution, and it then illustrates how this knowledge can be applied to moderate the undesirable consequences of urban development and help create more sustainable and resilient cities. With urban climate science now a fully-fledged field, this timely book fulfills the need to bring together the disparate parts of climate research on cities into a coherent framework. It is an ideal resource for students and researchers in fields such as climatology, urban hydrology, air quality, environmental engineering and urban design.

The Ecological City

The Ecological City
Author: Rutherford H. Platt,Rowan A. Rowntree,Pamela C. Muick
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 291
Release: 1994
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: MINN:31951D00893750V
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Ecological City Book Review:

Interdisciplinary in content as well as approach, this collection of original essays takes a fresh look at the ecology of urban communities. Written by experts from a variety of professions―academic researchers, private and public program managers, and citizen activists―the book explores issues of geography, ecology, landscape architecture, urban forestry, law, and environmental education. Contributions include broad overviews of common problems a well as detailed case studies of specific programs.

The Urban Climate

The Urban Climate
Author: Helmut E. Landsberg
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 275
Release: 1981-08-28
ISBN 10: 9780080924199
ISBN 13: 0080924190
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Urban Climate Book Review:

The Urban Climate aims to summarize analytical studies directed toward physical understanding of the rural-urban differences in the atmospheric boundary layer. Attempts to quantify conditions have met with some success. There is certainly a clear understanding of the physical relations that create the climatic differences of urbanized areas. Although some of the earlier classical studies are cited here, the emphasis is on the work done during the last decade and a half. This volume comprises 11 chapters, beginning with an introductory chapter discussing the literature surrounding the topic, its historical development, and the problem of local climate modification. The second chapter presents an assessment of the urban atmosphere on a synoptic and local scale, and examines the observational procedures involved. The following chapters then go on to discuss urban air composition; urban energy fluxes; the urban heat island; the urban wind field; models of urban temperature and wind fields; moisture, clouds, and hydrometeors; urban hydrology; special aspects of urban climate; and finally, urban planning. This book will be of interest to practitioners in the fields of meteorology, urban planning, and urban climatology.

Wind Climate in Cities

Wind Climate in Cities
Author: Jack E. Cermak,Alan G. Davenport,Erich J. Plate,Domingos X. Viegas
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 772
Release: 2013-06-29
ISBN 10: 9401736863
ISBN 13: 9789401736862
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wind Climate in Cities Book Review:

If one surveys the development of wind engineering, one comes to the conclusion that the challenge of urban climatology is one of the most important remaining tasks for the wind engineers. But what distinguishes wind engineering in urban areas from conventional wind engineering? Principally, the fact that the effects studied are usually unique to a particular situation, requiring consideration of the surroundings of the buildings. In the past, modelling criteria have been developed that make it possible to solve environmental problems with great confidence, and studies validated the models: at least in a neutrally stratified atmosphere. The approach adopted in the book is that of applied fluid mechanics, since this forms the basis for the evaluation of the urban wind field. Variables for air quality or loads are problem specific, or even random, and methods for studying them are based on risk analysis, which is also presented. Criteria are developed for a systematic approach to urban wind engineering problems, including parameter studies. The five sections of the book are: Fundamentals of urban boundary layer and dispersion; Forces on complex structures in built-up areas; Air pollution in cities; Numerical solution techniques; and Posters. A subject index is included.

Reducing the Urban Heat Island Effect

Reducing the Urban Heat Island Effect
Author: Bureau de normalisation du Québec
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 83
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 9782551259557
ISBN 13: 255125955X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reducing the Urban Heat Island Effect Book Review:

The Urban Forest

The Urban Forest
Author: David Pearlmutter,Carlo Calfapietra,Roeland Samson,Liz O'Brien,Silvija Krajter Ostoić,Giovanni Sanesi,Rocío Alonso del Amo
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 351
Release: 2017-02-27
ISBN 10: 3319502808
ISBN 13: 9783319502809
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Urban Forest Book Review:

This book focuses on urban "green infrastructure" – the interconnected web of vegetated spaces like street trees, parks and peri-urban forests that provide essential ecosystem services in cities. The green infrastructure approach embodies the idea that these services, such as storm-water runoff control, pollutant filtration and amenities for outdoor recreation, are just as vital for a modern city as those provided by any other type of infrastructure. Ensuring that these ecosystem services are indeed delivered in an equitable and sustainable way requires knowledge of the physical attributes of trees and urban green spaces, tools for coping with the complex social and cultural dynamics, and an understanding of how these factors can be integrated in better governance practices. By conveying the findings and recommendations of COST Action FP1204 GreenInUrbs, this volume summarizes the collaborative efforts of researchers and practitioners from across Europe to address these challenges.

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands
Author: Hideki Takebayashi
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2020-04
ISBN 10: 9780128176245
ISBN 13: 0128176245
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands Book Review:

Adaptation Measures for Urban Heat Islands helps the reader understand the relative performance of these adaptation measures, methods and analysis relating to their creation and maintenance, evaluation methods, and the role of policy and governance in implementing them. A suite of case studies is included on these urban or metropolitan areas that are significantly warmer than their surrounding rural areas due to human activities. In recent years, a suite of adaptation measures have been developed to mitigate the urban heat island phenomena. Provides a range of concrete implementation methods Assesses relative performance of adaptation measures and countermeasure technologies Establishes methods for human thermal environmental interventions Reviews adaptation cities selected for excellent energy performance and thermal comfort indicators

Exploring Your World

Exploring Your World
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: National Geographic Society
Total Pages: 608
Release: 1989
ISBN 10: 9780870447266
ISBN 13: 0870447262
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Exploring Your World Book Review:

A family reference work containing alphabetically arranged articles, with charts, maps, and photographs, covering physical and human geography.

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario
Author: Francesco Musco
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2016-08-30
ISBN 10: 331910425X
ISBN 13: 9783319104256
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario Book Review:

Urban heat islands are a new type of microclimatic phenomenon that causes a significant increase in the temperature of cities compared to surrounding areas. The phenomenon has been enforced by the current trend towards climate change. Although experts consider urban heat islands an urgent European Union public health concern, there are too few policies that address it. The EU carried out a project to learn more about this phenomenon through pilot initiatives. The pilots included feasibility studies and strategies for appropriately altering planning rules and governance to tackle the problem of urban heat islands. The pilots were carried out in eight metropolitan areas: Bologna/Modena, Budapest, Ljubljana, Lodz, Prague, Stuttgart, Venice/Padova, and Vienna. The feasibility studies carried out in these pilot areas focused on the specific morphology of EU urban areas, which are often characterised by the presence of historical old towns.