The Stimulated Brain

The Stimulated Brain
Author: Roi Cohen Kadosh
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2014-06-03
ISBN 10: 9780124047044
ISBN 13: 0124047041
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Stimulated Brain Book Review:

The Stimulated Brain-which garnered an Honorable Mention for Biomedicine & Neuroscience at the 2015 PROSE Awards from the Association of American Publishers-presents the first integration of findings on brain stimulation from different research fields with a primary focus on Transcranial Electrical Stimulation (tES), one of the most frequently used noninvasive stimulation methods. The last decade has witnessed a significant increase in the amount of research exploring how noninvasive brain stimulation can not only modulate but also enhance cognition and brain functions. However, although Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and particularly tES have the potential to become more widely applicable techniques (as they come with none of the risks associated with deep brain stimulation) the reference literature on these neurotechnologies has been sparse. This resource provides a broad survey of current knowledge, and also marks future directions in cognitive and neuro-enhancement. It expands our understanding of basic research findings from animals and humans, including clear translational benefits for applied research and the therapeutic use of noninvasive brain stimulation methods. The book's coverage includes a primer that paves the way to a more advanced knowledge of tES and its physiological basis; current research findings on cognitive and neuro-enhancement in animals and typical and atypical human populations, such as neurological patients; and discussions of future directions, including specific neuroethical issues and pathways for collaboration and entrepreneurialism. The Stimulated Brain is the first book to provide a comprehensive understanding of different aspects of noninvasive brain stimulation that are critical for scientists, clinicians, and those who are interested in "stimulating their minds" by exploring this fascinating field of research. Honorable Mention for Biomedicine & Neuroscience in the 2015 PROSE Awards from the Association of American Publishers The only reference on the market to focus on transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) Coverage across technical, historical, and application topics makes this the single, comprehensive resource for researchers and students Edited book with chapters authored by international leaders in the fields of medicine, neuroscience, psychology, and philosophy-providing the broadest, most expert coverage available

The Stimulated Brain

The Stimulated Brain
Author: Roi Cohen Kadosh
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 568
Release: 2014-06-01
ISBN 10: 0124047122
ISBN 13: 9780124047129
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Stimulated Brain Book Review:

The Stimulated Brain—which garnered an Honorable Mention for Biomedicine & Neuroscience at the 2015 PROSE Awards from the Association of American Publishers—presents the first integration of findings on brain stimulation from different research fields with a primary focus on Transcranial Electrical Stimulation (tES), one of the most frequently used noninvasive stimulation methods. The last decade has witnessed a significant increase in the amount of research exploring how noninvasive brain stimulation can not only modulate but also enhance cognition and brain functions. However, although Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and particularly tES have the potential to become more widely applicable techniques (as they come with none of the risks associated with deep brain stimulation) the reference literature on these neurotechnologies has been sparse. This resource provides a broad survey of current knowledge, and also marks future directions in cognitive and neuro-enhancement. It expands our understanding of basic research findings from animals and humans, including clear translational benefits for applied research and the therapeutic use of noninvasive brain stimulation methods. The book's coverage includes a primer that paves the way to a more advanced knowledge of tES and its physiological basis; current research findings on cognitive and neuro-enhancement in animals and typical and atypical human populations, such as neurological patients; and discussions of future directions, including specific neuroethical issues and pathways for collaboration and entrepreneurialism. The Stimulated Brain is the first book to provide a comprehensive understanding of different aspects of noninvasive brain stimulation that are critical for scientists, clinicians, and those who are interested in “stimulating their minds by exploring this fascinating field of research. Honorable Mention for Biomedicine & Neuroscience in the 2015 PROSE Awards from the Association of American Publishers The only reference on the market to focus on transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) Coverage across technical, historical, and application topics makes this the single, comprehensive resource for researchers and students Edited book with chapters authored by international leaders in the fields of medicine, neuroscience, psychology, and philosophy—providing the broadest, most expert coverage available

Brain Stimulation

Brain Stimulation
Author: Carlo Miniussi,Manuela Ruzzoli
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 784
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 0128080620
ISBN 13: 9780128080627
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Stimulation Book Review:

Noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) is a unique method for studying cognitive function. For the study of cognition, NIBS has gained popularity as a complementary method to functional neuroimaging. By bypassing the correlative approaches of standard imaging techniques, it is possible to establish a putative relationship between brain cognition. In fact, functional neuroimaging data cannot demonstrate the actual role of a particular cortical activation in a specific function because an activated area may simply be correlated with task performance, rather than being responsible for it. NIBS can induce a temporary modification of performance only if the stimulated area is causally engaged in the task. In analogy with lesion studies, NIBS can provide information about where and when a particular process occurs. Based on this assumption, NIBS has been used in many different cognitive domains. However, one of the most interesting questions in neuroscience may not be where and when, but how cognitive activity occurs. Beyond localization approaches, NIBS can be employed to study brain mechanisms. NIBS techniques have the potential to influence behavior transiently by altering neuronal activity, which may have facilitatory or inhibitory behavioral effects. NIBS techniques include transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial electrical stimulation (tES). TMS has been shown transiently to modulate neural excitability in a manner that is dependent mainly on the timing and frequency of stimulation (high versus low). The mechanism underlying tES is a change in neuronal membrane potentials that appears to be dependent mainly on the direction of current flow (anodal versus cathodal). Nevertheless, the final effects induced by TMS or tES depend on many technical parameters used during stimulation, such as the intensity of stimulation, coil orientation, site of the reference electrode, and time of application. Moreover, an important factor is the possible interactions between these factors and the physiological and cognitive state of the subject. To use NIBS in cognition, it is important to understand not only how NIBS functions but also the brain mechanisms being studied and the features of the area of interest. To describe better the advanced knowledge provided by NIBS in cognition, we will treat each NIBS technique separately and underline the related hypotheses beyond applications.

The Stimulated Brain

The Stimulated Brain
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 179
Release: 2015
ISBN 10: 9789462951358
ISBN 13: 9462951357
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Stimulated Brain Book Review:

Brain Stimulation

Brain Stimulation
Author: Pedro Cavaleiro Miranda
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 784
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 0128080353
ISBN 13: 9780128080351
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Stimulation Book Review:

The effects of transcranial stimulation are determined to a large extent by the spatial distribution and temporal variation of the electric field produced in the brain. In this chapter, we first describe some of the factors that affect the electric field in the brain generally, such as the effect of tissue heterogeneity and anisotropy, or focality. These are common to transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and to several forms of transcranial current stimulation (tCS), such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS), and transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS). Then the main features of the electric field in the human brain during TMS and tCS are presented. This knowledge is important to predict the location and extent of the stimulated region as well as the stimulation intensity in the brain.

Brain Stimulation

Brain Stimulation
Author: Filippo Agnesi,Matthew D. Johnson,Jerrold L. Vitek
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 784
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 0128080108
ISBN 13: 9780128080108
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Stimulation Book Review:

Chronic deep brain stimulation (DBS) has become a widely accepted surgical treatment for medication-refractory movement disorders and is under evaluation for a variety of neurological disorders. In order to create opportunities to improve treatment efficacy, streamline parameter selection, and foster new potential applications, it is important to have a clear and comprehensive understanding of how DBS works. Although early hypothesis proposed that high-frequency electrical stimulation inhibited neuronal activity proximal to the active electrode, recent studies have suggested that the output of the stimulated nuclei is paradoxically activated by DBS. Such regular, time-locked output is thought to override the transmission of pathological bursting and oscillatory activity through the stimulated nuclei, as well as inducing synaptic plasticity and network reorganization. This chapter reviews electrophysiological experiments, biochemical analyses, computer modeling and imaging studies positing that, although general principles exist, the therapeutic mechanism(s) of action depend both on the site of stimulation and on the disorder being treated.

The Safety and Efficacy of Noninvasive Brain Stimulation in Development and Neurodevelopmental Disorders

The Safety and Efficacy of Noninvasive Brain Stimulation in Development and Neurodevelopmental Disorders
Author: Lindsay M. Oberman,Peter G. Enticott
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2015-12-03
ISBN 10: 2889196992
ISBN 13: 9782889196999
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Safety and Efficacy of Noninvasive Brain Stimulation in Development and Neurodevelopmental Disorders Book Review:

Noninvasive brain stimulation (including Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and Transcranial Current Brain Stimulation (TCS)) can be used both experimentally and therapeutically. In the experimental domain TMS can be applied in single pulses to depolarize a small population of neurons in a targeted brain region. This protocol can be used, for example, to map cortical motor outputs, study central motor conduction time, or evaluate the cortical silent period (a measure of intracortical inhibition) all of which are relevant to neurodevelopment. TMS can also be applied in pairs of pulses (paired pulse stimulation, ppTMS) where two pulses are presented in rapid succession to study intracortical inhibition and facilitation. Trains of repeated TMS (rTMS) pulses can be applied at various stimulation frequencies and patterns to modulate local cortical excitability beyond the duration of the stimulation itself. Depending on the parameters of stimulation the excitability can be either facilitated or suppressed. TCS (including Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), alternating current (tACS), and random noise current stimulation (tRNS) also have the potential to modulate cortical excitability and have also been used to study and modulate cortical activity in healthy and patient populations. The after-effects of rTMS and TCS are thought to be related to changes in efficacy (in either the positive or negative direction) of synaptic connections of the neurons being stimulated, thus these techniques have been used to study and modulate cortical plasticity mechanisms in a number of populations. Recently, researchers have begun to apply these techniques to the study of neurodevelopmental mechanisms as well as the pathophysiology and development of novel treatments for neurodevelopmental disorders. Though there is much promise, caution is warranted given the vulnerability of pediatric and clinical populations and the potential that these techniques have to modify circuit development in a cortex that is in a very dynamic state. This Research Topic hopes to provide an opportunity to share ideas across areas (human and animal researchers, clinicians and basic scientists). We are particularly interested in papers that address issues of choosing a protocol (intensity, frequency, location, coil geometry etc.), populations where noninvasive brain stimulation may have direct impact on diagnostics and treatment, as well as the safety and ethics of applying these techniques in pediatric populations. As many may not be aware of the potential and limitations of noninvasive brain stimulation and its use for research and treatment in this area, this Research Topic promises to have broad appeal. Submissions for all Frontiers article types are encouraged.

The Pleasure Shock

The Pleasure Shock
Author: Lone Frank
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2018-03-20
ISBN 10: 1101986549
ISBN 13: 9781101986547
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Pleasure Shock Book Review:

The electrifying, forgotten history of Robert Heath's brain pacemaker, investigating the origins and ethics of one of today's most promising medical breakthroughs: deep brain stimulation The technology invented by psychiatrist Robert G. Heath in the 1950s and '60s has been described as among the most controversial experiments in US history. His work was alleged at the time to be part of MKUltra, the CIA's notorious "mind control" project. His research subjects included incarcerated convicts and gay men who wished to be "cured" of their sexual preference. Yet his cutting-edge research and legacy were quickly buried deep in Tulane University's archives. Investigative science journalist Lone Frank now tells the complete sage of this passionate, determined doctor and his groundbreaking neuroscience. More than fifty years after Heath's experiments, this very same treatment is becoming mainstream practice in modern psychiatry for everything from schizophrenia, anorexia, and compulsive behavior to depression, Parkinson's, and even substance addiction. Lone Frank uncovered lost documents and accounts of Heath's trailblazing work. She tracked down surviving colleagues and patients, and she delved into the current support for deep brain stimulation by scientists and patients alike. What has changed? Why do we today unquestioningly embrace this technology as a cure? How do we decide what is a disease of the brain to be cured and what should be allowed to remain unrobed and unprodded? And how do we weigh the decades of criticism against the promise of treatment that could be offered to millions of patients? Elegantly written and deeply fascinating, The Pleasure Shock weaves together biography, scientific history, and medical ethics. It is an adventure into our ever-shifting views of the mind and the fateful power we wield when we tinker with the self.

Brain Stimulation

Brain Stimulation
Author: Andres M. Lozano,Mark Hallett
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 784
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 0444534989
ISBN 13: 9780444534989
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Stimulation Book Review:

The field of brain stimulation is expanding rapidly, with techniques such as DBS, TMS, and tDCS moving from the research community into clinical diagnosis and treatment. Clinical applications include treating disorders such as Parkinson's disease, dystonia, and even depression. The chapters of Brain Stimulation are written by leading international researchers and clinical specialists include coverage of techniques, modes of action and applications in physiology and therapeutics. The combination of research and clinical coverage will be of interest to neurologists, neurosurgeons, psychiatrists, neuroscientists, and health care workers. A comprehensive introduction and overview of deep brain stimulation (DBS) Coverage of DBS, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) Details the basic science and research utility of DBS and clinical application

Brain Stimulation

Brain Stimulation
Author: Juha Silvanto
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 784
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 0128080582
ISBN 13: 9780128080580
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Stimulation Book Review:

The challenge in visual neuroscience is to characterize the neuronal properties and functional significance of the numerous regions of the visual cortex, and to understand how they interact during the processing of visual information. The strength of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in this endeavor is its ability to assess the necessity of visual cortical areas in perceptual functions and to trace the corticocortical interactions that underlie them. Most of the early studies in this field were carried out using the so-called “virtual lesion” approach, in which the impact of TMS was thought to be akin to inducing a brain lesion in the stimulated area. This approach established causal links between specific visual areas and perceptual functions such as motion perception, object processing, and visual awareness. Recently, the view of TMS as a tool for inducing “virtual lesion” has been challenged by a number of experimental findings, giving rise to the conceptualization of TMS effects as a state-dependent interaction between the initial state of the stimulated area and the parameters of the TMS pulse. This state dependency is the basis of paradigms aiming selectively to target specific neuronal representations and thus reveal neuronal tuning properties, a major challenge in the understanding of the cortical visual system.

Brain Stimulation

Brain Stimulation
Author: Andres M. Lozano,Mark Hallett
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 763
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 9780444534972
ISBN 13: 0444534970
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Stimulation Book Review:

The field of brain stimulation is expanding rapidly, with techniques such as DBS, TMS, and tDCS moving from the research community into clinical diagnosis and treatment. Clinical applications include treating disorders such as Parkinson's disease, dystonia, and even depression. The chapters of Brain Stimulation are written by leading international researchers and clinical specialists include coverage of techniques, modes of action and applications in physiology and therapeutics. The combination of research and clinical coverage will be of interest to neurologists, neurosurgeons, psychiatrists, neuroscientists, and health care workers. A comprehensive introduction and overview of deep brain stimulation (DBS) Coverage of DBS, transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) Details the basic science and research utility of DBS and clinical application

Cognitive Enhancement

Cognitive Enhancement
Author: Shira Knafo,César Venero
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2014-12-20
ISBN 10: 0124171257
ISBN 13: 9780124171251
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Enhancement Book Review:

Cognitive Enhancement: Pharmacologic, Environmental and Genetic Factors addresses the gap that exists in research on the topic, gathering multidisciplinary knowledge and tools that help the reader understand the basics of cognitive enhancement. It also provides assistance in designing procedures and pharmacological approaches to further the use of novel cognitive enhancers, a field that offers potential benefit to a variety of populations, including those with neurologic and psychiatric disorders, mild aging-related cognitive impairment, and those who want to improve intellectual performance. The text builds on our knowledge of the molecular/cellular basis of cognitive function, offering the technological developments that may soon enhance cognition. Separate sections cover enhancement drugs, environmental conditions, and genetic factors in terms of both human and animal studies, including both healthy/young and aging/diseased individuals. Provides a multidisciplinary knowledge, enabling a further understanding of cognitive enhancement Offers coverage of the pharmacologic, environmental, and genetic factors relevant to the topic Discusses cognitive enhancement from the perspective of both healthy and diseased or aging populations Topics are discussed in terms of both human and animal studies

Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson s Disease

Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson s Disease
Author: Gordon H. Baltuch,Matthew B. Stern
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 372
Release: 2007-03-19
ISBN 10: 9781420019759
ISBN 13: 1420019759
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson s Disease Book Review:

Considered the largest breakthrough in the treatment of Parkinson's disease in the past 40 years, Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a pioneering procedure of neurology and functional neurosurgery, forging enormous change and growth within the field. The first comprehensive text devoted to this surgical therapy, Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson's

Augmentation of Brain Function Facts Fiction and Controversy

Augmentation of Brain Function  Facts  Fiction and Controversy
Author: Ioan Opris,Manuel F. Casanova,Mikhail Lebedev
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 403
Release: 2018-09-14
ISBN 10: 2889456153
ISBN 13: 9782889456154
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Augmentation of Brain Function Facts Fiction and Controversy Book Review:

The Volume II is entitled “Neurostimulation and pharmacological approaches”. This volume describes augmentation approaches, where improvements in brain functions are achieved by modulation of brain circuits with electrical or optical stimulation, or pharmacological agents. Activation of brain circuits with electrical currents is a conventional approach that includes such methods as (i) intracortical microstimulation (ICMS), (ii) transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), and (iii) transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). tDCS and TMS are often regarded as noninvasive methods. Yet, they may induce long-lasting plastic changes in the brain. This is why some authors consider the term “noninvasive” misleading when used to describe these and other techniques, such as stimulation with transcranial lasers. The volume further discusses the potential of neurostimulation as a research tool in the studies of perception, cognition and behavior. Additionally, a notion is expressed that brain augmentation with stimulation cannot be described as a net zero sum proposition, where brain resources are reallocated in such a way that gains in one function are balanced by costs elsewhere. In recent years, optogenetic methods have received an increased attention, and several articles in Volume II cover different aspects of this technique. While new optogenetic methods are being developed, the classical electrical stimulation has already been utilized in many clinically relevant applications, like the vestibular implant and tactile neuroprosthesis that utilizes ICMS. As a peculiar usage of neurostimulation and pharmacological methods, Volume II includes several articles on augmented memory. Memory prostheses are a popular recent development in the stimulation-based BMIs. For example, in a hippocampal memory prosthesis, memory content is extracted from hippocampal activity using a multiple-input, multiple-output non-linear dynamical model. As to the pharmacological approaches to augmenting memory and cognition, the pros and cons of using nootropic drugs are discussed.

How to do Super Brain Yoga in 3 minutes

How to do Super Brain Yoga in 3 minutes
Author: V MEERA PRAKASH BABU
Publsiher: s prakash babu
Total Pages: 44
Release: 2020-02-03
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13:
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

How to do Super Brain Yoga in 3 minutes Book Review:

Memory loss or Dementia is the greatest emerging concern of the era for entire humanity. Dementia is best described as a group of symptoms affecting memory, thinking and social abilities severely enough to interfere with your daily life. It isn't a specific disease, but several different diseases may cause dementia. Someone in the world develops dementia every 3 seconds. There were an estimated 46.8 million people worldwide living with dementia in 2015 and this number is believed to be close to 50 million people in 2017. These numbers will almost double every 20 years, reaching 75 million in 2030 and 131.5 million in 2050. The body is a living battery that requires constant re-charging. This is done through different means, especially through the transference of Life Energy. The Super-brain Yoga gradually awakens the latent powers within us while involving internal alchemy”. In simple words, a fully energized brain, in turn, produces a fully energized body and mind. A fully energized body works brighter than an ordinary non-energized body. The energy now we are discussing here is ‘Life force energy’ which is highly subtle in nature and cannot be measured by any scientific devices and yardsticks. However, our “Ancient Wisdom” knows this occult energy in-depth and has given us guidelines on how to handle, manage and transfer this life-energy to our brain for the betterment of our individual life. The transference of life energy is made possible by Super Brain Yoga, an extremely simple technique To expose the importance of Super Brain Yoga and to popularize the simple art of fine-tuning of our brain and body with the splendid life force energy within us, is the purpose of this ebook. Let the whole humanity benefit and rejoice with this easy, simple, quick 3 minute, daily self-help recharging exercise.

Non Invasive Brain Stimulation

Non Invasive Brain Stimulation
Author: Timothy Andrew Wagner
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 301
Release: 2006
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:70721803
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Non Invasive Brain Stimulation Book Review:

(Cont.) In tDCS, the cerebral cortex is stimulated through a weak dc current in a non-invasive and painless manner and can modulate cortical excitability like TMS. We will define finite element head models of tDCS for both normal and pathologic cases and evaluate the use of tDCS in the clinic in a stroke treatment experiment (analogous to the one completed with TMS). Finally, we will assess and compare these forms of brain stimulation to other forms of neurological treatment and conclude with proposed future improvements to the field of non-invasive brain stimulation.

Introduction to Brain Stimulation by Psychoconduction

Introduction to Brain Stimulation by Psychoconduction
Author: Chester Litvin Phd
Publsiher: Trafford Publishing
Total Pages: 88
Release: 2011-09
ISBN 10: 1426973365
ISBN 13: 9781426973369
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Brain Stimulation by Psychoconduction Book Review:

Do you have problems with your memory, concentration, or decision-making processes? It may be because your brain is not stimulated enough to process complex information. In Introduction to Brain Stimulation by Psychoconduction, author Chester Litvin offers new approach for noninvasive brain stimulation to wake up your sleeping brain. This guide consists of a series of exercises to reeducate the brain cells. Brain stimulation by psychoconduction provides the possibility to stimulate the simple cells to assist the complex cells in order to correctly perform the assigned command. This process teaches the brain's cells by transferring the same information to various parts of the brain. Psychoconduction is defined as the process of translating the simplified symbol to various parts of the brain. The goal of this process is to correct or replace the complex cells, which can be audio, video, kinesthetic, or olfactory cells. It is difficult for those cells to process information correctly, and they need to be tuned up and balanced to get back on track. By aligning the different parts of the brain with the same information, psychoconduction provides the necessary correction of the brain's complex cells. This method provides many patterns of video, audio, and kinesthetic symbols. These patterns of information, discovered by Litvin and called Litvin's Code, can be based on the binary arithmetic and can be different from binary base. Stimulate your brain and reach your fullest potential with Introduction to Brain Stimulation by Psychoconduction.

Brain Stimulation

Brain Stimulation
Author: T.E. Schlaepfer,B.H. Bewernick
Publsiher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Total Pages: 784
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 0128080248
ISBN 13: 9780128080245
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Stimulation Book Review:

A third of patients suffering from major depression cannot be helped by conventional treatment methods. These patients face reduced quality of life, high risk of suicide, and little hope of recovery. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is under scientific evaluation as a new treatment option for these treatment-resistant patients. First clinical studies with small samples have been stimulated at the subgenual cingulate gyrus (Cg25/24), the anterior limb of the capsula interna (ALIC), and the nucleus accumbens (NAcc). Long-term antidepressant effects, augmentation of social functioning, and normalization of brain metabolism have been shown in about 50% of patients. Cognitive safety regarding attention, learning, and memory has been reported. Adverse events were wound infection, suicide, and hypomania, amongst others. Larger studies are under way to confirm these preliminary encouraging results. New hypothesis-guided targets (e.g., medial forebrain bundle, habenula) are about to be assessed in clinical trials. The application of DBS for other psychiatric diseases (e.g., bipolar disorder, alcohol dependency, opioid addiction, schizophrenia) is debated and single case studies are under way. Standards are needed for study registration, target selection, patient inclusion and monitoring, and publication of results to guarantee safety for the patients and scientific exchange.

Non Invasive Brain Stimulation New Prospects in Cognitive Neurorehabilitation

Non Invasive Brain Stimulation  New Prospects in Cognitive Neurorehabilitation
Author: Carlo Professor Miniussi,Giuseppe Professor Vallar
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1135849153
ISBN 13: 9781135849153
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Non Invasive Brain Stimulation New Prospects in Cognitive Neurorehabilitation Book Review:

Cognitive deficits are a common consequence of neurological disease, and there is evidence that specific cognitive training may be effective in rehabilitation. Behavioural dysfunction following neurological disease constitutes one of the major causes of disability worldwide, exerts a major impact on the daily life of affected individuals, and their families, also with a financial burden both for patients, and the society in general. Therefore, the adequate treatment of cognitive dysfunction is a much relevant issue, with social and economical implications, over and above the neuropsychological problem per se. Several investigations emphasise the fact that interacting with neural activity, by means of cortical stimulation, can affect cognitive performance. A number of studies have reported enhanced performance in specific cognitive tasks in patients with several types of neurological disease, after receiving Non Invasive Brain Stimulation (NIBS) to specific cortical areas, namely: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, and transcranial Electrical Stimulation. In general, the evidence highlights the possibility of inducing changes in cortical excitability, which, in turn, may lead to a plastic reorganization of dysfunctional networks, responsible for the impaired cognitive functions. Despite these advances, a number of important questions remain open, regarding the use of stimulation techniques in cognitive rehabilitation. This special issue puts together international leading experts in the field, to review and discuss recent advances as to whether NIBS techniques alone, or combined with behavioural cognitive rehabilitation, can lead to performance enhancements, and why. The issue is timely and promises to have a huge impact across many domains of clinical and basic neuroscience.

Transcranial Electric Field Stimulation

Transcranial Electric Field Stimulation
Author: Arash Arfaee
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2015
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:933260234
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transcranial Electric Field Stimulation Book Review:

Nervous stimulation with electric methods not only has a long history in the treatment of many conditions but also in the last two decades has been used increasingly as a powerful functional brain mapping tool alongside other imaging techniques. This technology has been used to record the stimulation-evoked activity of the stimulated location. This research describes work surrounding a novel technique for brain and nervous stimulation using the electric field as the medium; particularly transcranial brain stimulation by an electric field and its possible advantages compared to relatively similar techniques. This thesis discusses our knowledge regarding brain electrical activities as they relate to this project. We will present discoveries concerning the role of electric fields in the brain and the effects of external electric fields on neuronal function. Then we discuss our new prototype, its design, and some results from simulations. Our device aims at introducing the use of electric fields in modifying the functional activity of the brain in a precise and accurate manner, one that surpasses that of other current methods, minimizing some of the side effects, and maximizing effectiveness in altering desired brain function. The goal in this thesis is to demonstrate the potential that this technology can provide us. We show that in theory this device could be used as a very high-resolution brain stimulation device. We leave the speculation about impacts of this device in the medical world to the readers imagination.