The Plasticity of Sex

The Plasticity of Sex
Author: Marianne J. Legato
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2020-05-19
ISBN 10: 0128159693
ISBN 13: 9780128159699
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Plasticity of Sex Book Review:

The Plasticity of Sex: The Molecular Biology and Clinical Features of Genomic Sex, Gender Identity and Sexual Behavior provides a comprehensive view on the development of human sexuality. As there has been a crescendo of interest over the past several decades about the nature and diversity of human sexuality, this reference brings the evidence-based research into one place. The emergence of issues surrounding gender identity, genital ambivalence and the transition from one sex to another is striking, with the public and treating physicians alike clamoring for an evidence-based, comprehensive treatment of human sexuality and all its variations. This is a must-have reference for biomedical researchers in endocrinology, neuroscience, development biology, medical students, residents, and practicing physicians from all medical areas. Discusses the role of biology in gender identity from research in genetics, endocrinology and neuroscience Addresses important health disparities and how to address them when treating the transgender patient Reviews evidence-based information on the biological basis and impact of environmental and hormonal factors at different life stages Outlines schema for treating variations in the sexuality and sexual function of the individual patient

Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

Developmental Plasticity and Evolution
Author: Mary Jane West-Eberhard,Mary Jane (Senior Scientist West-Eberhard, Senior Scientist Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute)
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 794
Release: 2003-04-10
ISBN 10: 9780195122350
ISBN 13: 0195122356
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Developmental Plasticity and Evolution Book Review:

West-Eberhard is widely recognized as one of the most incisive thinkers in evolutionary biology. This book assesses all the evidence for our current understanding of the role of changes in body plan and development for the process of speciation. The process of evolution is systematically reassessed to integrate the insights coming from developmental genetics. Every serious student of evolution, and a substantial share of developmental biologists and geneticists, will need to take note of this contribution. The timing is clearly ripe for the synthesis that this work will help bring about.

Histories of the Transgender Child

Histories of the Transgender Child
Author: Julian Gill-Peterson
Publsiher: U of Minnesota Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2018-10-23
ISBN 10: 1452958157
ISBN 13: 9781452958156
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Histories of the Transgender Child Book Review:

A groundbreaking twentieth-century history of transgender children With transgender rights front and center in American politics, media, and culture, the pervasive myth still exists that today’s transgender children are a brand new generation—pioneers in a field of new obstacles and hurdles. Histories of the Transgender Child shatters this myth, uncovering a previously unknown twentieth-century history when transgender children not only existed but preexisted the term transgender and its predecessors, playing a central role in the medicalization of trans people, and all sex and gender. Beginning with the early 1900s when children with “ambiguous” sex first sought medical attention, to the 1930s when transgender people began to seek out doctors involved in altering children’s sex, to the invention of the category gender, and finally the 1960s and ’70s when, as the field institutionalized, transgender children began to take hormones, change their names, and even access gender confirmation, Julian Gill-Peterson reconstructs the medicalization and racialization of children’s bodies. Throughout, they foreground the racial history of medicine that excludes black and trans of color children through the concept of gender’s plasticity, placing race at the center of their analysis and at the center of transgender studies. Until now, little has been known about early transgender history and life and its relevance to children. Using a wealth of archival research from hospitals and clinics, including incredible personal letters from children to doctors, as well as scientific and medical literature, this book reaches back to the first half of the twentieth century—a time when the category transgender was not available but surely existed, in the lives of children and parents.

Technologies of Sexuality, Identity and Sexual Health

Technologies of Sexuality, Identity and Sexual Health
Author: Lenore Manderson
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 233
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 0415673291
ISBN 13: 9780415673297
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Technologies of Sexuality, Identity and Sexual Health Book Review:

Technologies of Sexuality, Identity and Sexual Health highlights the complex ways in which sexuality is expressed and enacted through local ideologies, global identities and material cultures, and their influence on people's sexual health and wellbeing. Its impetus is the renewed interest in technology and the 'social life of things, ' including pharmaceuticals, expanded sexual and related surgery, the growing exploitation of markets for sexual and contraceptive products, and the impact of these on sexual and health practices and outcomes. The book is organised into three parts. The first section on cultural practices consists of four chapters exploring the durability of various traditional practices, products and beliefs about bodies, illustrating how these technologies enable the exercise of power and draw attention to the complex tasks for individuals who may resist, challenge or avoid their imposition.The second part looks at commonalities across cultural borders and gendered identities -- how products and procedures travel, not only in formal economies and through the vectors of globalisation, but also informally, carried by individuals across cultural and social boundaries though sexual, social and commercial interactions. The final part discusses power and cultural norms in relation to contemporary technologies and to modern rights, places and spaces -- with violence highlighted as a technology of control. The volume brings together anthropologists, sociologists and cultural studies scholars, both senior and emerging scholars from around the globe -- and contains ethnographic data from Australia (indigenous and Anglo), Bangladesh, Brazil, France, India, Indonesia, Mozambique and Zambia, Papua New Guinea, Turkey, the United States, and the cyberworld. Offering an important and topical contribution to the developing global literature on sexuality, sexual identity, culture and health, it is of interest to researchers and advanced students in these areas

Plastic Bodies

Plastic Bodies
Author: Emilia Sanabria
Publsiher: Duke University Press
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2016-04-22
ISBN 10: 0822374196
ISBN 13: 9780822374190
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plastic Bodies Book Review:

In Plastic Bodies Emilia Sanabria examines how sex hormones are enrolled to create, mold, and discipline social relations and subjectivities. She shows how hormones have become central to contemporary understandings of the body, class, gender, sex, personhood, modernity, and Brazilian national identity. Through interviews with women and doctors; observations in clinics, research centers and pharmacies; and analyses of contraceptive marketing, Sanabria traces the genealogy of menstrual suppression, from its use in population control strategies in the global South to its remarketing as a practice of pharmaceutical self-enhancement couched in neoliberal notions of choice. She links the widespread practice of menstrual suppression and other related elective medical interventions to Bahian views of the body as a malleable object that requires constant work. Given this bodily plasticity, and its potentially limitless character, the book considers ways to assess the values attributed to bodily interventions. Plastic Bodies will be of interest to all those working in medical anthropology, gender studies, and sexual and reproductive health.

Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine

Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine
Author: Marianne J. Legato
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 792
Release: 2017-05-15
ISBN 10: 0128035420
ISBN 13: 9780128035429
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine Book Review:

The announcement that we had decoded the human genome in 2000 ushered in a new and unique era in biomedical research and clinical medicine. This Third Edition of Principles of Gender-Specific Medicine focuses, as in the past two editions, on the essentials of sexual dimorphism in human physiology and pathophysiology, but emphasizes the latest information about molecular biology and genomic science in a variety of disciplines. Thus, this edition is a departure from the previous two; the editor solicited individual manuscripts from innovative scientists in a variety of fields rather than the traditional arrangement of sections devoted to the various subspecialties of medicine edited by section chiefs. Wherever it was available, these authors incorporated the latest information about the impact of the genome and the elements that modify its expression on human physiology and illness. All chapters progress translationally from basic science to the clinical applications of gender-specific therapy and suggest the most important topics for future investigation. This book is essential reading for all biomedical investigators and medical educators involved in gender-specific medicine. It will also be useful for primary care practitioners who need information about the importance of sex and gender in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of illness. Outlines sex-specific differences in normal human function and explains the impact of age, hormones, and environment on the incidence and outcome of illness Reflects the latest information about the molecular basis of the sexual dimorphism in human physiology and the experience of disease Reviews the implications of our ever-improving ability to describe the genetic basis of vulnerability to disease and our capacity to alter the genome itself Illustrates the importance of new NIH guidelines that urge the inclusion of sex as a variable in research protocols

Genetic Sex Differentiation in Fish

Genetic Sex Differentiation in Fish
Author: T. J. Pandian
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2012-06-05
ISBN 10: 1466517107
ISBN 13: 9781466517103
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetic Sex Differentiation in Fish Book Review:

A comprehensive study of sex differentiation gonochoric and hermaphroditic fishes, this book examines sex chromosomes and sex determining genes, emphasizing the need to search for more than one sex-determining gene residing on different chromosomes. It traces the origin of hermaphrodites from secondary gonochores and explains the conservation of homologous sex differentiation and steroid receptor genes among gonochores and hermaphrodites. The author identifies the optimal broodstock size and the appropriate candidate species for bait. He shows that the analysis of steriles and mutants has demonstrated the value of fishes as a system for genetic dissection of human development and diseases.

Issues in Environment, Health, and Pollution: 2011 Edition

Issues in Environment, Health, and Pollution: 2011 Edition
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: ScholarlyEditions
Total Pages: 1629
Release: 2012-01-09
ISBN 10: 146496436X
ISBN 13: 9781464964367
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Issues in Environment, Health, and Pollution: 2011 Edition Book Review:

Issues in Environment, Health, and Pollution: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Environment, Health, and Pollution. The editors have built Issues in Environment, Health, and Pollution: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Environment, Health, and Pollution in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Environment, Health, and Pollution: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Brain Plasticity and Behavior

Brain Plasticity and Behavior
Author: Bryan Kolb
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 210
Release: 2013-06-17
ISBN 10: 1134784147
ISBN 13: 9781134784141
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Plasticity and Behavior Book Review:

There are few books devoted to the topic of brain plasticity and behavior. Most previous works that cover topics related to brain plasticity do not include extensive discussions of behavior. The first to try to address the relationship between recovery from brain damage and changes in the brain that might support the recovery, this volume includes studies of humans as well as laboratory species, particularly rats. The subject matter identifies a consistent correlation between specific changes in the brain and behavioral recovery, as well as various factors such as sex and experience that influence this correlation in consistent ways. Evolving from a series of lectures given as the McEachran Lectures at the University of Alberta, this volume originally began as a summary of the lectures, but has expanded to include more background literature, allowing the reader to see the author's biases, assumptions, and hunches in a broader perspective. In writing this volume, the author had two goals in mind: * to initiate senior undergraduates or graduate psychology, biology, neuroscience or other interested students to the issues and questions regarding the nature of brain plasticity, and * to provide a monograph in the form of an extended summary of the work the author and his colleagues have done on brain plasticity and recovery of function.

Management of Bombus Atratus Bumblebees to Pollinate Lulo (Solanum Quitoense L), a Native Fruit from the Andes of Colombia

Management of Bombus Atratus Bumblebees to Pollinate Lulo (Solanum Quitoense L), a Native Fruit from the Andes of Colombia
Author: Maria Teresa Almanza Fandiño
Publsiher: Cuvillier Verlag
Total Pages: 112
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 3867271879
ISBN 13: 9783867271875
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Management of Bombus Atratus Bumblebees to Pollinate Lulo (Solanum Quitoense L), a Native Fruit from the Andes of Colombia Book Review:

Sex and the Developing Brain

Sex and the Developing Brain
Author: Margaret M. McCarthy,Margaret McCarthy
Publsiher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
Total Pages: 97
Release: 2010-10-29
ISBN 10: 1615040609
ISBN 13: 9781615040605
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex and the Developing Brain Book Review:

The brains of males and females, men and women, are different-that is a fact. What is debated is how different and how important those differences are. Sex differences in the brain are determined by genetics, hormones, and experience, which in humans includes culture, society, and parental and peer expectations. The importance of nonbiological variables to sex differences in humans is paramount, making it difficult if not impossible to parse out those contributions that are truly biological. The study of animals provides us the opportunity to understand the magnitude and scope of biologically based sex differences in the brain and understanding the cellular mechanisms provides us insight into novel sources of brain plasticity. Many sex differences are established during a developmental sensitive window by differences in the hormonal milieu of males versus females. The neonatal testis produces large amounts of testosterone, which gains access to the brain and is further metabolized into active androgens and estrogens, which modify brain development. Major parameters that are influenced by hormones include neurogenesis, cell death, neurochemical phenotype, axonal and dendritic growth, and synaptogenesis. Variance in these parameters results in sex differences in the size of particular brain regions, the projections between brain regions, and the number and type of synapses within particular brain regions. The cellular mechanisms are both region and endpoint specific and invoke many surprising systems such as prostaglandins, endocannabinoids, and cell death proteins. By understanding when, why, and how sex differences in the brain are established, we may also learn the source of strong gender biases in the relative risk and severity of numerous neurological diseases and disorders of mental health, including but not limited to autism, dyslexia, attention deficit disorder, schizophrenia, Alzheimer's, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's, and maj

Endocrine Sex Differentiation in Fish

Endocrine Sex Differentiation in Fish
Author: T. J. Pandian
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2013-05-07
ISBN 10: 1466575603
ISBN 13: 9781466575608
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endocrine Sex Differentiation in Fish Book Review:

Of all vertebrates, fish exhibit unparalleled diversity of sexual plasticity and flexibility, ranging from gonochorism to unisexualism, and exceptional patterns of functional hermaphroditism. Fish farming and monosex aquaculture have led to reproductive dysfunction with males producing less milt, and females failing to ovulate and spawn. This book brings together relevant information on the role of the endocrine system on sexual differentiation in fish, and bridges the gap between molecular endocrinologists and fishery scientists.

Sex Chromosomes and Sex Determination in Vertebrates

Sex Chromosomes and Sex Determination in Vertebrates
Author: Alberto J. Solari
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 1993-10-22
ISBN 10: 9780849345715
ISBN 13: 0849345715
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex Chromosomes and Sex Determination in Vertebrates Book Review:

The cloning of the SRY gene and the attainment of XX mice transgenic for the Sry gene opened a new era in research on sex determination. This book surveys current knowledge of sex chromosomes and sex determination in all vertebrate classes, relying on the restriction of genetic recombination in sex chromosomes as the unifying concept of this subject. The book's interdisciplinary approach integrates contributions from the fields of cytogenetics, molecular biology, developmental biology, and evolutionary genetics. A detailed treatment of the meiotic behavior of sex chromosomes is featured, and the entire text is supplemented by numerous schemes, drawings, and electron micrographs. The book will be valuable to general cytogeneticists, vertebrate zoologists, and veterinarian and medical practitioners interested in the foundations of sex determination and the current knowledge of sex chromosomes. It will also interest students in advanced undergraduate and graduate courses in these areas.

Beyond Separate Spheres

Beyond Separate Spheres
Author: Rosalind Rosenberg
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 1982
ISBN 10: 9780300030921
ISBN 13: 0300030924
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Beyond Separate Spheres Book Review:

Examines the lives of female social scientists in the nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, their difficulties in gaining acceptance, and their pioneering studies of the differences between the sexes

Many Splendored Things

Many Splendored Things
Author: Susanna Paasonen
Publsiher: Goldsmiths Press
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2018-11-27
ISBN 10: 1906897824
ISBN 13: 9781906897826
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Many Splendored Things Book Review:

Exploring sex—bodily capacities, appetites, orientations, and connections—in terms of play and playfulness. We all know that sex involves a quest for pleasure, that sexual palates vary across people's lifespans, and that playful experimentations play a key role in how people discover their diverse sexual turn-ons and turn-offs. Yet little attention has been paid to thinking through the interconnections of sex and play, sexuality and playfulness. In Many Splendored Things from Goldsmiths Press, Susanna Paasonen considers these interconnections. Paasonen examines the notions of playfulness and play as they shed light on the urgency of sexual pleasures, the engrossing appeal of sex, and the elasticity of sexual desires, and considers their connection to categories of identity. Drawing on a broad range of scholarship on sexuality, play, and the media, Paasonen moves from the conceptual to the concrete, examining advice literature on sexual play, the vernacular aesthetics of the Fifty Shades series, girls' experiences of online sexual role-playing, popular media coverage of age-play, and Jan Soldat's documentary films on BDSM culture. Paasonen argues that play in the realm of sexuality involves experimentation with what bodies can feel and do and what people may imagine themselves as doing, liking, and preferring. Play involves the exploration of different bodily capacities, appetites, orientations, and connections. Occasionally strained, dark, and even hurtful in the forms that it takes and the sensory intensities that it engenders, sex presses against previously perceived and imagined horizons of embodied potentiality. Play pushes sexual identifications into motion.

Morphology of Hypothalamus and Its Connections

Morphology of Hypothalamus and Its Connections
Author: Detlef Ganten,Donald Pfaff
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642714617
ISBN 13: 9783642714610
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Morphology of Hypothalamus and Its Connections Book Review:

With contributions by numerous experts

Brain Storm

Brain Storm
Author: Rebecca M. Jordan-Young
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2011-01-07
ISBN 10: 0674058798
ISBN 13: 9780674058798
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Storm Book Review:

Jordan-Young has written a stunning book that demolishes most of the science associated with the dominant paradigm of the development of sex and gender identity, behavior, and orientation. The current paradigm, brain organization theory, proposes: "Because of early exposure to different sex hormones, males and females have different brains"; and these hormones also create "gay" and "straight" brains. Jordan-Young interviewed virtually every major researcher in the field and reviewed hundreds of published scientific papers. Her conclusion: "Brain organization theory is little more than an elaboration of longstanding folk tales about antagonistic male and female essences and how they connect to antagonistic male and female natures." She explains, in exquisite detail, the flaws in the underlying science, from experimental designs that make no statistical sense to "conceptually sloppy" definitions of male and female sexuality, contradictory results, and the social construction of normality. Her conclusion that the patterns we see are far more complicated than previously believed and due to a wider range of variables will shake up the research community and alter public perception.

Social Psychology and Human Sexuality

Social Psychology and Human Sexuality
Author: Roy F. Baumeister
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 354
Release: 2001
ISBN 10: 9781841690186
ISBN 13: 184169018X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Social Psychology and Human Sexuality Book Review:

In spite of its central importance in human relationships, the study of sexuality has been somewhat neglected by social psychologists. This reader brings together a fascinating selection of articles which examine sex as a social phenomenon: as a group of behavior patterns that people engage in together, under the influence of social pressures, and indeed as ways that people relate to each other.

Same-Sex Cultures and Sexualities

Same-Sex Cultures and Sexualities
Author: Jennifer Robertson
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2008-04-15
ISBN 10: 0470776765
ISBN 13: 9780470776766
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Same-Sex Cultures and Sexualities Book Review:

This book demonstrates the centrality of sex, gender, and sexuality to theories of human behaviors and practices. Moves beyond other “lesbian and gay studies” readers by presenting a broader view of the significance of studying same-sex cultures and sexualities across cultures. Offers readings from all four subfields of anthropology: cultural, biological, linguistic, and archaeological (along with historical and applied anthropology). Includes discussion of biotechnology and bioethics, health and illness, language, ethnicity, identity, politics, post-colonialism, kinship, development, and policymaking.

Functional Genomics in Aquaculture

Functional Genomics in Aquaculture
Author: Marco Saroglia
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2012-05-25
ISBN 10: 1118350014
ISBN 13: 9781118350010
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Functional Genomics in Aquaculture Book Review:

Genomics has revolutionized biological research over the course of the last two decades. Genome maps of key agricultural species have offered increased understanding of the structure, organization, and evolution of animal genomes. Building upon this foundation, researchers are now emphasizing research on genome function. Published with the World Aquaculture Society, Functional Genomics in Aquaculture looks at the advances in this field as they directly relate to key traits and species in aquaculture production. Functional Genomics in Aquaculture opens with two chapters that provide a useful general introduction to the field of functional genomics. The second section of the book focuses on key production traits such as growth, development, reproduction, nutrition, and physiological response to stress and diseases. The final five chapters focus on a variety of key aquaculture species. Examples looking at our understanding of the functional genomes of salmonids, Mediterranean sea bass, Atlantic cod, catfish, shrimp, and molluscs, are included in the book. Providing valuable insights and discoveries into the functional genomes of finfish and shellfish species, Functional Genomics in Aquaculture, will be an invaluable resource to researchers and professionals in aquaculture, genetics, and animal science.