The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders

The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders
Author: Joseph D. Buxbaum,Patrick R. Hof
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2012-12-31
ISBN 10: 0123919304
ISBN 13: 9780123919304
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders Book Review:

Autism is no longer considered a rare disease, and the Center for Disease Control now estimates that upwards of 730,000 children in the US struggle with this isolating brain disorder. New research is leading to greater understanding of and ability to treat the disorder at an earlier age. It is hoped that further genetic and imaging studies will lead to biologically based diagnostic techniques that could help speed detection and allow early, more effective intervention. Edited by two leaders in the field, this volume offers a current survey and synthesis of the most important findings of the neuroscience behind autism of the past 20 years. With chapters authored by experts in each topic, the volume explores etiology, neuropathology, imaging, and pathways/models. Offering a broad background of ASDs with a unique focus on neurobiology, the volume offers more than the others on the market with a strictly clinical focus or a single authored perspective that fails to offer expert, comprehensive coverage. Researchers and graduate students alike with an interest in developmental disorders and autism will benefit, as will autism specialists across psychology and medicine looking to expand their expertise. Uniquely explores ASDs from a neurobiological angle, looking to uncover the molecular/cellular basis rather than to merely catalog the commonly used behavioral interventions Comprehensive coverage synthesizes widely dispersed research, serving as one-stop shopping for neurodevelopmental disorder researchers and autism specialists Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available

The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders

The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders
Author: Joseph D. Buxbaum,Patrick R. Hof
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 012391924X
ISBN 13: 9780123919243
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neuroscience of Autism Spectrum Disorders Book Review:

Autism is no longer considered a rare disease, and the Center for Disease Control now estimates that upwards of 730,000 children in the US struggle with this isolating brain disorder. New research is leading to greater understanding of and ability to treat the disorder at an earlier age. It is hoped that further genetic and imaging studies will lead to biologically based diagnostic techniques that could help speed detection and allow early, more effective intervention. Edited by two leaders in the field, this volume offers a current survey and synthesis of the most important findings of the neuroscience behind autism of the past 20 years. With chapters authored by experts in each topic, the volume explores etiology, neuropathology, imaging, and pathways/models. Offering a broad background of ASDs with a unique focus on neurobiology, the volume offers more than the others on the market with a strictly clinical focus or a single authored perspective that fails to offer expert, comprehensive coverage. Researchers and graduate students alike with an interest in developmental disorders and autism will benefit, as will autism specialists across psychology and medicine looking to expand their expertise. Uniquely explores ASDs from a neurobiological angle, looking to uncover the molecular/cellular basis rather than to merely catalog the commonly used behavioral interventions Comprehensive coverage synthesizes widely dispersed research, serving as one-stop shopping for neurodevelopmental disorder researchers and autism specialists Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field around the globe - the broadest, most expert coverage available

Social Cognition

Social Cognition
Author: Tricia Striano,Vincent Reid
Publsiher: Wiley-Blackwell
Total Pages: 351
Release: 2009
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105131608981
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Social Cognition Book Review:

How we perceive and interpret the actions of others is crucial if we are to develop into healthy adults. It has even been argued that a lack of social cognitive skills lays a strong foundation for a variety of atypical developmental disorders, including autism. Fortunately, our understanding of how humans process and interpret each other's actions has increased by leaps and bounds in the past decade. At the vanguard of these encouraging developments has been groundbreaking research in the fields of cognitive neuroscience, developmental psychology, and autism. Social Cognition: Development, Neuroscience and Autism is the first volume to fully integrate these areas of cutting-edge research on social cognition through contributions from some of the world's foremost experts in all three disciplines. The text is edited by distinguished development specialists who preface each section with chapter by chapter summaries that seamlessly link each of the contributing essays. Sections include related chapters on perspectives on social cognition, social cognition during infancy, social cognition and the adult brain, and social cognition: the challenge of autism. The text's final section serves as a commentary highlighting the fundamental issues that have been addressed in the text. Social Cognition: Development, Neuroscience and Autism is an indispensable addition to the rapidly expanding field of social cognition—and will provide valuable new insights on how we think and learn.

The Neurobiology of Autism

The Neurobiology of Autism
Author: Margaret L. Bauman,Thomas L. Kemper
Publsiher: JHU Press
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2005
ISBN 10: 0801880475
ISBN 13: 9780801880476
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neurobiology of Autism Book Review:

For this long-anticipated new edition, neurologists Margaret L. Bauman and Thomas L. Kemper bring together leading researchers and clinicians to present the most current scientific knowledge and theories about autism. "Anyone doing research in autism or other developmental disorders will find this an invaluable book to read to make sure all areas are understood and to serve as a rich source of references." -- American Journal of Psychiatry

Understanding Autism

Understanding Autism
Author: Steven O. Moldin,John L R Rubenstein
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 552
Release: 2006-04-25
ISBN 10: 1420004204
ISBN 13: 9781420004205
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Understanding Autism Book Review:

Taking an all-inclusive look at the subject, Understanding Autism: From Basic Neuroscience to Treatment reviews state-of-the-art research on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of autism. The book addresses potential mechanisms that may underlie the development of autism and the neural systems that are likely to be affected by these molecular, genetic, and infectious etiologies. It reviews key findings that inform diagnosis, epidemiology, clinical neuroscience, and treatment. The book concludes with a discussion of the economic cost of autism and provides a biomedical and public health perspective of the impact of this devastating disease. With chapters authored by clinical and basic researchers at the forefront of molecular and systems neuroscience, clinical neuroscience, and health economics, the book presents a powerful and comprehensive synthesis of current research on autism and its underlying neural substrates. The book's two editors are considered elite pioneers in this area of research. Dr. Rubenstein was recently elected to the highly prestigious Institute of the Medicine, an honor reserved for those most committed to professional achievement and public service.

The Neurology of Autism

The Neurology of Autism
Author: Mary Coleman
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2009-04-23
ISBN 10: 0199728399
ISBN 13: 9780199728398
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neurology of Autism Book Review:

In Neurology of Autism, Mary Coleman, Catalina Betancur, G. Robert DeLong, Christopher Gillberg, Yoshiko Nomura, Lorenzo Pavone, Martin Ruggieri, and Michele Zappella use the tools of neurological analysis to address a number of the major questions that have arisen in the study of autism. The answers they present have important implications for the direction of future autism research, diagnosis, and treatment. What are the neurological signs and symptoms of autism? The latest information is presented here in an in-depth discussion of epilepsy, cranial circumference, changes in muscle tone, stereotypies, and mutism found in children with autism. In addition, a template is provided for practitioners to follow when conducting neurological examinations of a child with autism. What are the best options for the treatment of autism? The current medical, educational, and alternative therapies are thoroughly reviewed and evaluated. Is autism reversible? The question is explored for syndromic autism, where diseases may have a transient autistic phase, and reviewed in detail for nonsyndromic autism. Is autism primarily a single disease, as originally described by Leo Kanner? Research presented here suggests that autism is, instead, a syndrome involving many disease entities. Has the incidence of autism been increasing in recent years? A sophisticated, historical review of autisms prevalence rates suggests that it has never been rare. What is the relationship between autism and Asperger syndrome? The latest evidence presented here sheds light on the degree to which both syndromes share more than clinical characteristics; they also have some similar findings in imaging, neuropathological, and genetic studies. Which components of the brains neural networks need to be impaired to cause the appearance of autistic symptoms? Although there are many candidate regions, dysfunction of the cerebellum and its circuits is noted to be of great interest. Student and professional researchers, practitioners, and parents will find this book to be a valuable resource for both the latest information from basic-science research and its application to the diagnosis and treatment of autism. "[This book] includes up-to-date genetic evidence, underlining the complexities of genetic/environmental influences...I recommend this easy and informative read." -European Journal of Pediatric Neurology "...authoritative." -The Lancet Neurology "Coleman's new book is an absolute must-read for anyone interested in the progress made in understanding the causes of autism. The field owes her a tribute worthy of someone who has transformed an area of neuroscience." -Simon Baron-Cohen in Nature Neuroscience "[I]nformative and comprehensive in its treatment of the neurologic basis of autism...well written and easy to understand...the contributing authors have done an excellent job of making complex medical concepts understandable to all. The glossary at the end of the book is extremely helpful in this regard. The book is well referenced, provides helpful tables throughout, and includes a summary of relevant points at the end of each chapter.The authors are to be commended for presenting a very balanced view of current knowledge; they also indicate what we do not yet understand about brain functioning in autism and provide an important road map for ongoing exploration." -Marshalyn Yeargin-Allsopp in The New England Journal of Medicine "At last it is recognised that developmental neurology is the appropriate context in which to explain autism. The authors of this volume, all pioneers in the field, consider new ideas on autism in this context. They succeed in making surprising and illuminating comparisons between autism and neurological disorders whose origin is already known. This work is a significant step towards understanding the causes of autistic disorders."-Uta Frith, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Department of Psychology, University College London "When and if the secret of autism is teased from the myriad disease states that exhibit the syndrome, it will be through efforts such as are represented in this volume. Dr. Coleman has 'picked the brains' of recognized experts from neurology and related sciences, and has assembled a wealth of up-to-date and meticulously referenced information regarding both those diseases and the core symptoms of autism." -Peter B. Rosenberger, Massachusetts General Hospital

Neurobiology of Autism

Neurobiology of Autism
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2013-11-27
ISBN 10: 0124199615
ISBN 13: 9780124199613
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurobiology of Autism Book Review:

This volume in the International Review of Neurobiology is a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art research into autism pathophysiology. Its chapters cover a wide range of etiologies, from genetics and development to environmental factors. In addition, it discusses key cell and behavioral phenotypes, including cortical and cerebellar phenotypes, as well as language and motor outputs. Finally, this volume's chapters on gene expression in the brain describe how genes may be connected to phenotypes in autism. Broad coverage of genetic and cellular phenotypes in autism Focused on basic research Chapters primarily written by new investigators with a fresh perspective on the biological underpinnings of autism

Autism

Autism
Author: Elizabeth B. Torres,Caroline Whyatt
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2017-09-25
ISBN 10: 1315355248
ISBN 13: 9781315355245
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Autism Book Review:

This is the first book to present the movement approach to autism in a comprehensive way, integrating scientific methods and results with the experience of affected people, ways to improve their experiences, and the societal integration of autism.

Brain Connectivity in Autism

Brain Connectivity in Autism
Author: Rajesh K. Kana,Lucina Q. Uddin,Tal Kenet,Diane Chugani,Ralph-Axel Müller
Publsiher: Frontiers E-books
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2014-09-23
ISBN 10: 2889192822
ISBN 13: 9782889192823
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Connectivity in Autism Book Review:

Autism and Joint Attention

Autism and Joint Attention
Author: Peter C. Mundy
Publsiher: Guilford Publications
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2016-01-13
ISBN 10: 1462525164
ISBN 13: 9781462525164
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Autism and Joint Attention Book Review:

From a preeminent researcher, this book looks at the key role of joint attention in both typical and atypical development. Peter C. Mundy shows that no other symptom dimension is more strongly linked to early identification and treatment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). He synthesizes a wealth of knowledge on how joint attention develops, its neurocognitive underpinnings, and how it helps to explain the learning, language, and social-cognitive features of ASD across the lifespan. Clinical implications are explored, including reviews of cutting-edge diagnostic methods and targeted treatment approaches.

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder
Author: Susan P. Sherkow,Alexandra M. Harrison , M.D.
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2013-11-14
ISBN 10: 0765708639
ISBN 13: 9780765708632
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Autism Spectrum Disorder Book Review:

Autism Spectrum Disorder: Perspectives from Psychoanalysis and Neuroscience, offers a guide to understanding and treating the ASD toddler from the dual perspectives of psychoanalysis and neurofunction through describing in great detail intensive treatments of four children who began therapy as toddlers. The authors hypothesize that dyadic therapy and Reflective Network Therapy can impact a child by modifying the biochemistry of the brain, resulting in alteration of emotion and cognition. Their chapter on neurobiological mechanisms of change describes these hypotheses in depth.

Tracing Autism

Tracing Autism
Author: Des Fitzgerald
Publsiher: University of Washington Press
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2017-07-10
ISBN 10: 0295741929
ISBN 13: 9780295741925
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tracing Autism Book Review:

In Tracing Autism, Des Fitzgerald offers an up-close account of the search for a neurological explanation of autism. As autism has gained cultural prominence with more diagnoses and more controversy, its biological causes remain elusive. Through in-depth interviews with neuroscientists, psychologists, and psychiatrists, Fitzgerald examines what it means to do scientific research in the ambiguous terrain of autism research, a field marked by shifting horizons of uncertainty and ambivalence. He draws out how autism scientists talk and feel their way through their research, demonstrating its profoundly affective character, and expanding our understanding of what is at stake in the new brain sciences.

Neural and Synaptic Defects in Autism Spectrum Disorders

Neural and Synaptic Defects in Autism Spectrum Disorders
Author: Hansen Wang,Laurie C. Doering
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2015-07-07
ISBN 10: 2889196283
ISBN 13: 9782889196289
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural and Synaptic Defects in Autism Spectrum Disorders Book Review:

Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a group of genetically and clinically heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by impaired reciprocal social interactions and communication, and restricted and repetitive patterns of behaviors and interests. Studies in genetics, neurobiology and systems biology are providing insights into the pathogenesis of ASDs. Investigation of neural and synaptic defects in ASDs not only sheds light on the molecular and cellular mechanisms that govern the function of the central nervous system, but may lead to the discovery of potential therapeutic targets for autism and other cognitive disorders. Our Research Topic which constitutes this e-book documents the recent development and ideas in the study of pathogenesis and treatment of ASDs, with an emphasis on syndromic disorders such as fragile X and Rett syndromes. In addition, model systems and methodological approaches with translational relevance to autism are covered herein. We hope that the Research Topic will enhance the global knowledge base in the autism research community and foster new research directions in autism related biology.

Autism and the Brain

Autism and the Brain
Author: Tatyana B Glezerman
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2012-08-27
ISBN 10: 1461441129
ISBN 13: 9781461441120
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Autism and the Brain Book Review:

For years, the typical presentation of autism—the developmental delays, the social and linguistic deficits—has been well known. Despite great variation among children with this condition, certain symptoms are considered hallmarks of the disorder. Less understood is why these symptoms come together to construct autism. And as autism rates continue to rise, this information is ever more vital to accurate diagnosis and treatment. Autism and the Brain offers answers by showing a new neuropsychology of the autistic spectrum, reviewing general brain organization, and relating specific regions and structures to specific clinical symptoms. The author identifies deficiencies in areas of the left-hemisphere associated with the self and identity as central to autism. From this primary damage, the brain further reorganizes to compensate, explaining the diverse behaviors among low- and high-functioning individuals as well as autistic savants. The result is a unique three-dimensional view of brain structure, function, and pathology, with in-depth focus on how the autistic brain: Perceives the world. Understands and uses words. Perceives faces. Understands spatial relations and numbers. Understands feelings and registers emotions. Perceives the self as separate from others. Acts in the world. Challenging readers to re-think their assumptions, Autism and the Brain is breakthrough reading for researchers, clinicians, and graduate students in fields as varied as child and adolescent psychiatry; clinical child, school, and developmental psychology; neuroscience/neurobiology; special education and educational psychology; social work; communication disorders; and public health and policy.

Advanced Neuroimaging Methods for Studying Autism Disorder

Advanced Neuroimaging Methods for Studying Autism Disorder
Author: Alessandro Grecucci,Roma Siugzdaite,Remo Job
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2017-11-16
ISBN 10: 2889453162
ISBN 13: 9782889453160
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Neuroimaging Methods for Studying Autism Disorder Book Review:

In the last twenty years, many attempts have been made to provide neurobiological models of autism. Functional, structural and connectivity analyses have highlighted reduced responses in key social areas, such as amygdala, medial prefrontal cortex, cingulate cortex, and superior temporal sulcus. However, these studies present discrepant results and some of them have been questioned for methodological limitations. The aim of this research topic is to present advanced neuroimaging methods able to capture the complexity of the neural deficits displayed in autism. This special issue presents new studies using structural and functional MRI, as well as magnetoencephalography, and novel protocols to analyze data (Analysis of Cluster Variability, Noise Reduction Strategies, Source-based Morphometry, Functional Connectivity Density, Restriction Spectrum Imaging and the others). We believe it is time to integrate data provided by different techniques and methodologies in order to have a better understanding of autism.

The Molecular Basis of Autism

The Molecular Basis of Autism
Author: S. Hossein Fatemi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 437
Release: 2015-03-20
ISBN 10: 1493921908
ISBN 13: 9781493921904
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Molecular Basis of Autism Book Review:

This book is a comprehensive overview of the clinical and scientific aspects of Autism from the leading experts in the field. The clinical section covers everything from epidemiological features to epigenetic regulation to behavioral therapies and much in between. The basic science section presents the latest knowledge on the underlying causes of the disorder including the role of various neurotransmitters, neurexins and neuroligins, reelin, and other proteins. Chapters also explore the cognition and motor control in autism and the connection between oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction and autism. The thorough description of these underlying causes may help researchers and clinicians find more effective treatments and therapies for the 1 in 68 American children who have been diagnosed with Autism.

Autism

Autism
Author: Michael Fitzgerald,Jane Yip
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2017-04-12
ISBN 10: 953513079X
ISBN 13: 9789535130796
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Autism Book Review:

This book opens with a discussion of neurodiversity and an elaboration of the diagnosis of autism. It then examines factors correlating with autism, including sex bias, month of birth, migration and impact of infant feeding. The next section is on the impact of autism. The neurobiology and genetic section deals with epigenetics and intracellular pathways associated with etiology. The development and behaviour section deals with proprioceptive profiles and joint attention in autism. The final section focuses on interventions including mindfulness, animal assisted activity, social/cultural perspective on autism intervention and physical activity. The book is relevant to all professionals and researchers working with persons with autism, including psychiatrists/psychologists, speech and language therapists, occupational therapists, teachers, nurses and care workers.

Autism Spectrum Disorders

Autism Spectrum Disorders
Author: David Amaral,Geraldine Dawson,Daniel Geschwind
Publsiher: OUP USA
Total Pages: 1416
Release: 2011-06-17
ISBN 10: 0195371828
ISBN 13: 9780195371826
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Autism Spectrum Disorders Book Review:

Written by the leading experts in autism research, this text provides a summary of all current knowledge related to the behavioral, experiential, and biomedical features of the autism spectrum disorders.

Neuroimaging in Developmental Clinical Neuroscience

Neuroimaging in Developmental Clinical Neuroscience
Author: Judith M. Rumsey,Monique Ernst
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2009-02-19
ISBN 10: 9781139476751
ISBN 13: 1139476750
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroimaging in Developmental Clinical Neuroscience Book Review:

Modern neuroimaging offers tremendous opportunities for gaining insights into normative development and a wide array of developmental neuropsychiatric disorders. Focusing on ontogeny, this text covers basic processes involved in both healthy and atypical maturation, and also addresses the range of neuroimaging techniques most widely used for studying children. This book will enable you to understand normative structural and functional brain maturation and the mechanisms underlying basic developmental processes; become familiar with current knowledge and hypotheses concerning the neural bases of developmental neuropsychiatric disorders; and learn about neuroimaging techniques, including their unique strengths and limitations. Coverage includes normal developmental processes, atypical processing in developmental neuropsychiatric disorders, ethical issues, neuroimaging techniques and their integration with psychopharmacologic and molecular genetic research approaches, and future directions. This comprehensive volume is an essential resource for neurologists, neuropsychologists, psychiatrists, pediatricians, and radiologists concerned with normal development and developmental neuropsychiatric disorders.

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder
Author: Michael Fitzgerald
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 378
Release: 2015-04-02
ISBN 10: 9535120379
ISBN 13: 9789535120377
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Autism Spectrum Disorder Book Review:

This book starts with a new sub category of Autism Criminal Autistic Psychopathy and school shootings. It focuses on a number of interventions, including speech and language pathology, speech and language assessment instruments, occupational therapy, improving functional language development in autism with natural gestures, communication boards etc as well as helping people with autism using the pictorial support, training of concepts of significant others, theory of mind, social concepts and a conceptual model for empowering families of children with autism cross culturally. It also examines the issue of hyperandrogenism and evidence-based treatments of autism. In terms of assessment, it focuses on psychological and biological assessment including neurotransmitters systems, structural and functional brain imaging, coping strategies of parents, examines the intertwining of language impairment, specific language impairment and ASD, as well as implicit and spontaneous Theory of Mind reading in ASD. In terms of aetiology, it focuses on genetic factors, epigenetics, synaptic vesicles, toxicity during neurodevelopment, immune system and sex differences. It also examines the link between social cognitive anatomical and neurophysiologic biomarkers and candidate genes. This book will be relevant to all mental health professionals because autism occurs in all the different areas of psychiatry and professionals who will find it helpful will be psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, nurses, teachers and all those working with persons with Autism including parents who nowadays are interested in knowing more and more, at a detailed level about their children or adults with autism.