The Neuromodulation Casebook

The Neuromodulation Casebook
Author: Jeffrey Arle
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2020-01-18
ISBN 10: 0128170034
ISBN 13: 9780128170038
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neuromodulation Casebook Book Review:

The Neuromodulation Casebook is a case-based volume for practical, hands-on decision-making using realistic case examples from the field of neuromodulation. It encompasses a variety of techniques and therapies, ranging from deep brain stimulation for a multitude of disorders, to spinal cord stimulation, peripheral nerve stimulation, cortical stimulation and cranial nerve stimulation, as well as non-invasive therapies and other implanted types of devices that interface with the nervous system. Allowing readers to better learn via case-based examples, this practical volume depicts real examples of decisions neuroscientists and neurosurgeons need to make every day from leaders in the field. This book serves as a companion text to the editor’s previous titles Essential Neuromodulation and Innovative Neuromodulation for neuroscience, neural engineering and biomedical engineering courses. Covers typical decision-making in the most frequent neuromodulation experiments and procedures across the widest array of scientists and practitioners Includes case-based chapters in an innovative, stepwise variant pathway format rather than being didactic in structure Provides for clinical, practical learning rather than serving as a reference on a particular topic

Advanced Casebook of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders

Advanced Casebook of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders
Author: Eric A. Storch,Dean Mckay,Jonathan S Abramowitz
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2019-11-09
ISBN 10: 012816557X
ISBN 13: 9780128165577
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Casebook of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders Book Review:

Advanced Casebook of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders: Conceptualizations and Treatment presents a synthesis of the emerging data across clinical phenomenology, assessment, psychological therapies and biologically-oriented therapies regarding obsessive compulsive disorders, including hoarding, skin picking, body dysmorphic and impulse control disorders. Following the re-classification of such disorders in the DSM-5, the book addresses recent advances in treatment, assessment, treatment augmentation and basic science of OCRDs. The second half of the book focuses on the treatment of OCRDs, covering both psychological therapies (e.g. inhibitory learning informed exposure, tech-based CBT applications) and biologically oriented therapies (e.g. neuromodulation). Includes psychosocial theoretical and intervention approaches Addresses newly proposed clinical entities, such as misophonia and orthorexia Examines neurobiological features of OCRDs across the lifespan

Essential Psychopathology Casebook

Essential Psychopathology Casebook
Author: Mark D. Kilgus
Publsiher: W. W. Norton & Company
Total Pages: 627
Release: 2014-04-28
ISBN 10: 0393708225
ISBN 13: 9780393708226
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essential Psychopathology Casebook Book Review:

A problem-based learning casebook, keyed to the newly released DSM-V. The clinical cases in this book are about real people suffering from psychopathology. Reviewing these cases will allow the early clinician to learn by observing the decision-making process of experienced clinicians. Reading this book is as close to a real-life experience as a reader can have without a patient in front of them. Each chapter is consistently organized to answer these central questions concerning clinical presentation: functional impairment; DSM diagnosis (keyed to DSM-V); epidemiology; differential diagnosis; etiology and pathogenesis; natural course without treatment; evidence-based bio-psycho-socio-spiritual treatment options; clinical course with management and treatment; systems-based practice issues; and legal, ethical, and cultural challenges. Designed as a clinical companion to the bestselling text, Essential Psychopathology and Its Treatment: Third Edition, this book’s important lessons can also be learned by reading it as a stand-alone text.

Brain Stimulation Therapies for Clinicians

Brain Stimulation Therapies for Clinicians
Author: Edmund S. Higgins,Mark S. George
Publsiher: American Psychiatric Pub
Total Pages: 197
Release: 2019-08-13
ISBN 10: 1615372709
ISBN 13: 9781615372706
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Stimulation Therapies for Clinicians Book Review:

A comprehensive survey of the state of current practice, this new edition of Brain Stimulation Therapies for Clinicians provides thoroughly updated information on the growing list of electrical stimulation therapies now in use or under study, including electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), deep brain stimulation (DBS), cortical stimulation (CS), and transcranial direct current stimulation (TDCS), as well as new coverage of promising treatments such as low intensity focused ultrasound pulsation (LIFUP) and temporal interference stimulation (TI). After a brief course on the fundamentals of electricity and a refresher on neuroanatomy, the text explores how electricity works within biological systems before progressing to the chapters on individual therapies, which cover the history and evolution of the treatment, the techniques involved, clinical indications, side effects, and an up-to-date review of the evidence base supporting its use. The book is designed to help the reader cut through the initially daunting "alphabet soup" (e.g., ECT, TMS) by providing a clear and straightforward analysis of the prevailing techniques -- an indispensable resource for both clinicians and patients seeking in-depth knowledge of these acronyms and methods. The book's noteworthy features are many: Refinements in treatment protocols since the last edition are discussed in detail. For example, the sections on ECT cover advances such as focal electrically administered seizure therapy (FEAST) and magnetic seizure therapy (MST), while the TMS chapter covers theta burst and recent approval for obsessive-compulsive disorder. The underlying science is addressed in the initial review of electricity and physics, information that is foundational to these treatment modalities, but that clinicians do not encounter in the medical school curriculum. The section also addresses the parameters for brain stimulation and how to determine the right dose. A separate chapter is devoted to low intensity focused ultrasound pulsations (LIFUP) and temporally interfering (TI) electric fields, emerging treatments that have the potential to noninvasively stimulate focal locations deep in the brain without surgery or the implantation of hardware. The section on using DBS for treatment-resistant Parkinson's disease (PD) is thorough, authoritative, and a boon to clinicians assessing the viability and efficacy of treatment options for their PD patients. The new edition retains the amusing, but always informative sidebars highlighting the history of brain experimentation and applications of brain stimulation techniques Written in a down-to-earth, accessible style by authors at the forefront of progress in the field, Brain Stimulation Therapies for Clinicians is a rigorous, evidence based review of clinical data that focuses on what we know, what we don't know, and the strength of the evidence.

Deep Brain Stimulation

Deep Brain Stimulation
Author: Shilpa Chitnis MD, PhD,Pravin Khemani MD,Michael S. Okun MD
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2020-06-30
ISBN 10: 0190647213
ISBN 13: 9780190647216
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Deep Brain Stimulation Book Review:

Deep Brain Stimulation addresses the practical tips required to program and manage deep brain stimulation devices in the clinic. The number of deep brain stimulation devices worldwide will soon eclipse 200,000 and is an approved surgical treatment for medically refractory neurological movement disorders such as Parkinson disease, tremors, and dystonia. It is, therefore, inevitable that clinicians and nurses will require the necessary tools, and exemplary real-life cases, to manage these complex patients. This book offers a case-based approach to common and uncommon neurologic problems related to deep brain stimulator problems. Each case is a clinical pearl, accompanied by a discussion as well as practical tips to improve patient management.

Functional Neurosurgery

Functional Neurosurgery
Author: Dr. Ahmed Raslan,Ashwin Viswanathan
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2019-11-04
ISBN 10: 019088763X
ISBN 13: 9780190887636
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Functional Neurosurgery Book Review:

Part of the Neurosurgery by Example series, this volume on functional neurosurgery presents exemplary cases in which renowned authors guide readers through the assessment and planning, decision making, surgical procedure, after care, and complication management of common and uncommon disorders. The cases explore the spectrum of clinical diversity and complexity within functional neurosurgery, including essential tremor, thalamotomy, parkinson's disease, epilepsy, dystonia, and more. Each chapter also contains 'pivot points' that illuminate changes required to manage patients in alternate or atypical situations, and pearls for accurate diagnosis, successful treatment, and effective complication management. Containing a focused review of medical evidence and expected outcomes, Functional Neurosurgery is appropriate for neurosurgeons who wish to learn more about a subspecialty, and those preparing for the American Board of Neurological Surgery oral examination.

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Author: Richard A. Bermudes, M.D.,Karl I. Lanocha, M.D.,Philip G. Janicak, M.D.
Publsiher: American Psychiatric Pub
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2017-11-28
ISBN 10: 1615371052
ISBN 13: 9781615371051
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Book Review:

Edited by clinicians who were involved with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) from the beginning, Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Clinical Applications for Psychiatric Practice offers everything the mental health practitioner needs to know about this innovative and well-established treatment. It is increasingly clear that different combinations of biological, neurobehavioral, and symptomatic factors contribute to the problem of "treatment resistance" in psychiatric disorders. Fortunately, a number of neuromodulation approaches, including TMS, are providing more options for clinicians to combat psychiatric problems. However, guidance about how to identify patients who are good candidates for TMS and how to comanage them during treatment is scarce because instruction on this modality has yet to be integrated into most psychiatry residencies. Thus, this text fills a great need, providing clinicians with an evidence-based foundation for the efficacy and safety of TMS. Despite the rapid growth of this innovative option, many practitioners are unclear about how best to utilize TMS. The book addresses these clinical concerns systematically and thoroughly: * Clinical vignettes illustrate how to identify appropriate patients for referral to a TMS clinician.* Discussions of treatment resistance, psychiatric and medical comorbidities, and preparation of the patient for TMS are included.* Because TMS is likely to be used concurrently with other treatments, the book explains how to best integrate this modality with psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and other forms of neuromodulation to improve outcomes.* In-depth coverage is provided on how to coordinate efforts between the primary treatment and TMS teams to assure the best outcomes during acute, continuation, and maintenance treatment.* Chapters provide a review of topic-specific literature, as well as clinical vignettes that highlight how to integrate TMS into patient care. * Key clinical points summarize the optimal clinical application of TMS for the general mental health provider.* The evolving nature of TMS research, such as the ongoing development of this and related technologies, as well as its expanding use as a potential treatment for other clinical neuropsychiatric conditions, is also addressed. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation: Clinical Applications for Psychiatric Practice guides the general psychiatrist and mental health clinician on how to integrate this treatment modality into their practice by presenting an update on the current clinical role of TMS and a road map to its potential future.

Fundamental Neuroscience

Fundamental Neuroscience
Author: Larry Squire,Floyd E. Bloom,Nicholas C. Spitzer,Larry R. Squire,Darwin Berg,Sascha du Lac,Anirvan Ghosh
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1280
Release: 2008-04-02
ISBN 10: 9780080561028
ISBN 13: 0080561020
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamental Neuroscience Book Review:

Fundamental Neuroscience, 3rd Edition introduces graduate and upper-level undergraduate students to the full range of contemporary neuroscience. Addressing instructor and student feedback on the previous edition, all of the chapters are rewritten to make this book more concise and student-friendly than ever before. Each chapter is once again heavily illustrated and provides clinical boxes describing experiments, disorders, and methodological approaches and concepts. Capturing the promise and excitement of this fast-moving field, Fundamental Neuroscience, 3rd Edition is the text that students will be able to reference throughout their neuroscience careers! New to this edition: 30% new material including new chapters on Dendritic Development and Spine Morphogenesis, Chemical Senses, Cerebellum, Eye Movements, Circadian Timing, Sleep and Dreaming, and Consciousness Additional text boxes describing key experiments, disorders, methods, and concepts Multiple model system coverage beyond rats, mice, and monkeys Extensively expanded index for easier referencing

Handbook of Clinical Psychology Volume 1

Handbook of Clinical Psychology  Volume 1
Author: Michel Hersen,Alan M. Gross
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 936
Release: 2008-01-09
ISBN 10: 0471946761
ISBN 13: 9780471946762
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Clinical Psychology Volume 1 Book Review:

Handbook of Clinical Psychology, Volume 1: Adults provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals of clinical psychological practice for adults from assessment through treatment, including the innovations of the past decade in ethics, cross cultural psychology, psychoneuroimmunology, cognitive behavioral treatment, psychopharmacology, and geropsychology.

Neurosurgical Ethics in Practice Value based Medicine

Neurosurgical Ethics in Practice  Value based Medicine
Author: Ahmed Ammar,Mark Bernstein
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2014-06-26
ISBN 10: 3642549802
ISBN 13: 9783642549809
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurosurgical Ethics in Practice Value based Medicine Book Review:

Good neurosurgical practice is based not only on evidence, skills, and modern equipment, but also on good values. This book is the first to discuss specifically the ethical issues that arise during the daily practice of neurosurgery. It is divided into three parts addressing patients’ rights, ethical issues relating to the working environment, and wider societal aspects such as dealings of neurosurgeons with the legal system, the media, and companies. The authors are well-established neurosurgeons who present the ethical problems that they have encountered during their careers and explain what they have learned in confronting these problems. In all, more than 50 neurosurgical cases drawn from real life are reported and discussed from an ethical point of view. This book will be especially informative for young neurosurgeons and will provide all who work in this very special field with a road map on how to avoid violations of medical ethics in neurosurgical practice.

Forthcoming Books

Forthcoming Books
Author: R.R. Bowker Company. Dept. of Bibliography,Arny, Rose
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1999
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: 00158119
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forthcoming Books Book Review:

Pelvic Organ Dysfunction in Neurological Disease

Pelvic Organ Dysfunction in Neurological Disease
Author: Clare J. Fowler,Jalesh N. Panicker,Anton Emmanuel
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2010-11-04
ISBN 10: 1139492470
ISBN 13: 9781139492478
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pelvic Organ Dysfunction in Neurological Disease Book Review:

Pelvic Organ Dysfunction in Neurological Disease describes the neurological control of human bladder, bowel and sexual function and then details the dysfunctions which may arise as a consequence of various neurological diseases. Easy to read, the book will be of value to any healthcare professional managing patients in whom pelvic organ functions have been compromised by neurological disease. The book provides a structured approach to present day understanding of the neurological control of pelvic organs and the investigation and management of each type of organ dysfunction. A unique feature of this book is that it addresses the impact of specific neurological disorders on all three functions. The authors have all been associated with the Department of Uro-Neurology at the National Hospital for Neurology and Neurosurgery, London since it was established 20 years ago. This book is a timely review of their accumulated knowledge and the latest literature.

Treatment of Chronic Pain by Interventional Approaches

Treatment of Chronic Pain by Interventional Approaches
Author: Timothy R. Deer,Michael S. Leong,Asokumar Buvanendran,Philip S. Kim,Sunil J. Panchal
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 562
Release: 2014-12-08
ISBN 10: 1493918249
ISBN 13: 9781493918249
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Treatment of Chronic Pain by Interventional Approaches Book Review:

From reviews of Deer, eds., Comprehensive Treatment of Chronic Pain by Medical, Interventional, and Integrative Approaches: "Comprehensive Treatment of Chronic Pain by Medical, Interventional, and Integrative Approaches is a major textbook... [I]t should be a part of all departmental libraries and in the reference collection of pain fellows and pain practitioners. In fact, this text could be to pain as Miller is to general anesthesia." Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology Edited by master clinician-experts appointed by the American Academy of Pain Medicine, this is a soft cover version of the Interventional sections of the acclaimed Deer, eds., Comprehensive Treatment of Chronic Pain by Medical, Interventional, and Integrative Approaches. It is intended as a primary reference for busy clinicians who seek up-to-date and authoritative information about interventional approaches to treating chronic pain. State-of-the-art coverage of full range of techniques: neural blockades, neurolysis blocks, and neurostimulation Review of clinically relevant anatomy and physiology "Key Points" preview contents of each chapter

Essential Neuromodulation

Essential Neuromodulation
Author: Jeffrey E. Arle,Jay L. Shils
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2011-04-14
ISBN 10: 9780123814104
ISBN 13: 0123814103
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essential Neuromodulation Book Review:

Neuromodulation is an emerging field that explores the use of electrical, chemical, and mechanical interventions to heal neurological deficits. Such neurostimulation has already shown great promise with disorders and diseases such as chronic pain, epilepsy, and Parkinson’s disease. This is the first concise reference covering all of the basic principles of neuromodulation in a single affordable volume for neuro-residents, fellows, and basic clinical practitioners, edited by two prominent clinical experts in the field. This volume emphasizes essential observations from all of the important clinical phases involved in any neuromodulation: targeting, intraoperative assessment, programming, complications, and complication avoidance. There are commonalities to all neuromodulation procedures that must be brought to the forefront to form a cohesive presentation of neuromodulation, and such emphasis will give readers a more solid grounding in the fundamentals needed to embrace this field as a cohesive clinical entity. Chapters offer point-counterpoint commentary for varied perspectives Appendix distills current guidelines in easy, accessible format Chapters follow story of patient care, effectively emphasizing general principles with supporting examples Offers outstanding scholarship, with over 20% of chapters involving international contributors

Pediatric Neuropsychiatry

Pediatric Neuropsychiatry
Author: Aaron J. Hauptman,Jay A. Salpekar
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2018-10-26
ISBN 10: 3319949985
ISBN 13: 9783319949987
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pediatric Neuropsychiatry Book Review:

Adult neuropsychiatry is now a well-established field with numerous reputable references. Practitioners who work with children routinely note how references and practitioners knowledgeable in the equivalent work in the pediatric world are rare. Child psychiatrists and neurologists frequently work with individuals struggling with these conditions and would strongly benefit from such a reference that incorporates medical work-up, psychopharmacological recommendations, family/support recommendations and theoretical pathophysiology. Pediatricians and developmental pediatricians often treat children with behavioral and neuropsychiatric sequelae, but are not well-trained in the neuropsychiatric management of these cases. Neuropsychologists and educational psychologists working with children and adults with pediatric-onset conditions will also find the text helpful to contextualize their cases, better-understand the medical evaluation and management and perhaps adjust recommendations that would supplement their own testing methods. Finally, sub-specialists in adult neurology, psychiatry and neuropsychiatry often find themselves working with these children by default as there are few pediatric subspecialists who are available to accept them into practice. When facing complex neuropsychiatric illness in children, many clinicians are stymied because they may have “never seen a case like that”. This text fills the wide gap that currently exists and helps move this field forward. The approach utilized in adult neuropsychiatry that is both clear and accessible does not yet have an equivalent in the pediatric realm, but there is tremendous interest in its development. Children and adolescents with neuropsychiatric conditions are very common and they and their caregivers often struggle to find professionals well educated in this field. Ultimately, a wide range of clinicians will find this text to be a very helpful resource for diagnosis and management in the spectrum of pediatric neuropsychiatric conditions. The case-based approach is also unique with respect to neuropsychiatric approaches, and the clear cut, reader-friendly approach of such a format would likely be well-received among physicians looking for a resource on this issue.

Innovative Neuromodulation

Innovative Neuromodulation
Author: Jeffrey E. Arle,Jay L. Shils
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2017-01-16
ISBN 10: 0128005963
ISBN 13: 9780128005965
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Innovative Neuromodulation Book Review:

Innovative Neuromodulation serves as an extensive reference that includes a basic introduction to the relevant aspects of clinical neuromodulation that is followed by an in-depth discussion of the innovative surgical and therapeutic applications that currently exist or are in development. This information is critical for neurosurgeons, neurophysiologists, bioengineers, and other proceduralists, providing a clear presentation of the frontiers of this exciting and medically important area of physiology. As neuromodulation remains an exciting and rapidly advancing field—appealing to many disciplines—the editors’ initial work (Essential Neuromodulation, 2011) is well complemented by this companion volume. Presents a comprehensive reference on the emerging field of neuromodulation that features chapters from leading physicians and researchers in the field Provides commentary for perspectives on different technologies and interventions to heal and improve neurological deficits Contains 300 full-color pages that begin with an overview of the clinical phases involved in neuromodulation, the challenges facing therapies and intraoperative procedures, and innovative solutions for better patient care

Cumulated Index Medicus

Cumulated Index Medicus
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1989
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112065975267
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cumulated Index Medicus Book Review:

Pain Syndromes in Neurology

Pain Syndromes in Neurology
Author: Howard L. Fields
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2013-10-22
ISBN 10: 1483163245
ISBN 13: 9781483163246
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pain Syndromes in Neurology Book Review:

Pain Syndromes in Neurology deals with the diagnosis and treatment of painful conditions associated with dysfunction of the peripheral or central nervous system. It discusses advances in three areas: first, the normal anatomy and physiology of pain; second, the pathophysiology of damaged sensory neurons; and third, the diagnosis and treatment of patients with neuropathic pain. The book begins with a discussion of neural mechanisms relevant to pain perception along with a brief review of neuropathic pain. This is followed by separate chapters on hyperalgesia following cutaneous injury; the importance of peripheral processes in the etiology of neuropathic and radiculopathic pain; and mechanisms by which sympathetic efferent fibers contribute to the occurrence of pain. Subsequent chapters cover the diagnosis and treatment of reflex sympathetic dystrophy; pain in generalized neuropathies; surgical treatment of pain; clinical features and management of postherpetic neuralgia; diagnosis of cancer pain syndromes; and drugs in the management of chronic pain.

Surgical Palliative Care

Surgical Palliative Care
Author: Anne C. Mosenthal,Geoffrey P. Dunn
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2019-10-18
ISBN 10: 0190858370
ISBN 13: 9780190858377
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surgical Palliative Care Book Review:

Palliative care has become increasingly important across the spectrum of healthcare, and with it, the need for education and training of a broad range of medical practitioners not previously associated with this field of care. Part of the Integrating Palliative Care series, this volume on surgical palliative care guides readers through the core palliative skills and knowledge needed to deliver high value care for patients with life-limiting, critical, and terminal illness under surgical care. Chapters explore the historical, philosophical, and spiritual principles of surgical palliative care, and follow the progression of the seriously ill surgical patient's journey from the pre-operative encounter, to the invasive procedure, to the post-operative setting, and on to survivorship. An overview of the future of surgical palliative care education and research rounds out the text. Surgical Palliative Care is an ideal resource for surgeons, surgical nurses, intensivists, and other practitioners who wish to learn more about integrating palliative care into the surgical field.

Human Factors Considerations of Undergrounds in Insurgencies

Human Factors Considerations of Undergrounds in Insurgencies
Author: Us Army Special Operations Command
Publsiher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform
Total Pages: 396
Release: 2017-08-31
ISBN 10: 9781975970758
ISBN 13: 1975970756
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Factors Considerations of Undergrounds in Insurgencies Book Review:

From the preface: "The 1966 'Human Factors' edition focused on the contemporary threat of Maoist insurgencies, particularly in Southeast Asia, and also drew extensively on World War II resistance movements in Europe. Much of this information is still relevant and has been retained and integrated. In the post-Cold War world, the most important insurgencies tend to be ethnic and religious. Long-simmering conflicts, sometimes with roots in colonial policies, have become prominent; examples include the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in Sri Lanka, Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (Basque Homeland and Freedom or ETA) in Spain, the Hutu-Tutsi genocides, the Ushtia �lirimtare e Kosov�s (Kosovo Liberation Army, or KLA), and the Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA). Battle lines in these conflicts are often drawn along ethnic lines, even when land or politics are the immediate issues in contention. The other important new category is extremist religious movements, most prominently Islamic groups, including regional insurgent movements like Hizbollah and Harakat al-Muqawamah al'Isla�miyyah (Islamic Resistance Movement, or HAMAS) and global movements like Al Qaeda. These present a different profile of ideology, organizational forms, and psychology than either Cold War Maoists or post-colonial ethnic insurgencies (although the Palestinian cause could be considered a post-colonial issue). Globalization has also changed underground operations in numerous ways. Insurgencies, enabled by low-cost transportation, Internet based communications, and other information technologies, can more easily recruit, communicate, and operate across borders. It is correspondingly much more difficult to contain an insurgency in a region. Global media has led to development of new tactics, in particular new types of terrorism, designed to capture worldwide attention. Compared with what was available in the 1960s, there are orders of magnitude more academic research available relevant to this study's topics. We were able to draw on more recent work in psychology, political science, economics, sociology, organizational studies, and communications studies. Readers of this edition will, over the course of eleven chapters, get a wide exposure to basic concepts from a number of disciplines".