The Neurology of Consciousness

The Neurology of Consciousness
Author: Steven Laureys,Olivia Gosseries,Giulio Tononi
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2015-08-12
ISBN 10: 0128011750
ISBN 13: 9780128011751
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neurology of Consciousness Book Review:

The second edition of The Neurology of Consciousness is a comprehensive update of this ground-breaking work on human consciousness, the first book in this area to summarize the neuroanatomical and functional underpinnings of consciousness by emphasizing a lesional approach offered by the study of neurological patients. Since the publication of the first edition in 2009, new methodologies have made consciousness much more accessible scientifically, and, in particular, the study of disorders, disruptions, and disturbances of consciousness has added tremendously to our understanding of the biological basis of human consciousness. The publication of a new edition is both critical and timely for continued understanding of the field of consciousness. In this critical and timely update, revised and new contributions by internationally renowned researchers—edited by the leaders in the field of consciousness research—provide a unique and comprehensive focus on human consciousness. The new edition of The Neurobiology of Consciousness will continue to be an indispensable resource for researchers and students working on the cognitive neuroscience of consciousness and related disorders, as well as for neuroscientists, psychologists, psychiatrists, and neurologists contemplating consciousness as one of the philosophical, ethical, sociological, political, and religious questions of our time. New chapters on the neuroanatomical basis of consciousness and short-term memory, and expanded coverage of comas and neuroethics, including the ethics of brain death The first comprehensive, authoritative collection to describe disorders of consciousness and how they are used to study and understand the neural correlates of conscious perception in humans. Includes both revised and new chapters from the top international researchers in the field, including Christof Koch, Marcus Raichle, Nicholas Schiff, Joseph Fins, and Michael Gazzaniga

Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness

Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness
Author: Anil Seth,Geraint Rees
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 88
Release: 2013-05-13
ISBN 10: 1135900604
ISBN 13: 9781135900601
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognitive Neuroscience of Consciousness Book Review:

How do conscious experience, subjectivity, and free will arise from the brain and the body? Even in the late 20th century, consciousness was considered to be beyond the reach of science. Now, understanding the neural mechanisms underlying consciousness is recognized as a key objective for 21st century science. The cognitive neuroscience of consciousness is a fundamentally multidisciplinary enterprise, involving powerful new combinations of functional brain imaging, computational modelling, theoretical innovation, and basic neurobiology. Its progress will be marked by new insights not only into the complex brain mechanisms underlying consciousness, but also by novel clinical approaches to a wide range of neurological and psychiatric disorders. These innovations are well represented by the contents of the present volume. A target article by Victor Lamme puts forward the contentious position that neural evidence should trump evidence from behaviour and introspection, in any theory of consciousness. This article and its several commentaries advance one of the fundamental debates in consciousness science, namely whether there exists non-reportable phenomenal consciousness, perhaps dependent on local rather than global neural processes. Other articles explore the wider terrain of the new science of consciousness. For example, Maniscalco and colleagues use theta-burst transcranial magnetic stimulation to selectively impair metacognitive awareness; Massimini and coworkers examine changes in functional connectivity during anesthesi, and Vanhaudenhuyse et al describe innovations in detecting residual awareness following traumatic brain injury. Together, then contents of this volume exemplify the `grand challenge of consciousness' in combining transformative questions about the human condition with a tractable programme of experimental and theoretical research.

Psychodynamic Neurology

Psychodynamic Neurology
Author: Allan Hobson
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2014-10-15
ISBN 10: 042958587X
ISBN 13: 9780429585876
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychodynamic Neurology Book Review:

Psychodynamic Neurology: Dreams, Consciousness, and Virtual Realty presents a novel way of thinking about the value of dreaming, based in solid comprehension of scientific research on sleep and dreams, but with deep understanding of psychoanalytic and other interpretations of dreams.This book:Surveys the remarkable history of sleep research over th

The Boundaries of Consciousness Neurobiology and Neuropathology

The Boundaries of Consciousness  Neurobiology and Neuropathology
Author: Steven Laureys
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2006-06-09
ISBN 10: 9780080476209
ISBN 13: 0080476201
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Boundaries of Consciousness Neurobiology and Neuropathology Book Review:

Consciousness is one of the most significant scientific problems today. Renewed interest in the nature of consciousness - a phenomenon long considered not to be scientifically explorable, as well as increasingly widespread availability of multimodal functional brain imaging techniques (EEG, ERP, MEG, fMRI and PET), now offer the possibility of detailed, integrated exploration of the neural, behavioral, and computational correlates of consciousness. The present volume aims to confront the latest theoretical insights in the scientific study of human consciousness with the most recent behavioral, neuroimaging, electrophysiological, pharmacological and neuropathological data on brain function in altered states of consciousness such as: brain death, coma, vegetative state, minimally conscious state, locked-in syndrome, dementia, epilepsy, schizophrenia, hysteria, general anesthesia, sleep, hypnosis, and hallucinations. The interest of this is threefold. First, patients with altered states of consciousness continue to represent a major clinical problem in terms of clinical assessment of consciousness and daily management. Second, the exploration of brain function in altered states of consciousness represents a unique lesional approach to the scientific study of consciousness and adds to the worldwide effort to identify the "neural correlate of consciousness". Third, new scientific insights in this field have major ethical and social implications regarding our care for these patients.

Neurology in Africa

Neurology in Africa
Author: William P. Howlett
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 459
Release: 2015-08-20
ISBN 10: 1107114225
ISBN 13: 9781107114227
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurology in Africa Book Review:

This practical, comprehensive and highly illustrated book will be invaluable to students and doctors of neurology and internal medicine in Africa.

The Neurology of Consciousness

The Neurology of Consciousness
Author: Steven Laureys,Giulio Tononi
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2011-04-28
ISBN 10: 9780080921020
ISBN 13: 0080921027
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neurology of Consciousness Book Review:

Understanding consciousness is the major unsolved problem in biology. One increasingly important method of studying consciousness is to study disorders of consciousness, e.g. brain damage and disease states leading to vegetative states, coma, minimally conscious states, etc. Many of these studies are very much in the public eye because of their relationship to controversies about coma patients (e.g. Terry Schiavo case in the US recently), and the relationship to one of the major philosophical, sociological, political, and religious questions of humankind. This is the first book to summarize our current understanding of the neuroanatomical and functional underpinnings of human consciousness by emphasizing a lesional approach offered via the study of neurological patients. The selected contributors are all outstanding authors and undisputed leaders in their field. New chapters on the neuroanatomical basis of consciousness, functional intrinsic brain activity, anesthesia, as well as expanded coverage of the unresponsive wakefulness syndrome/ vegetative state and the minimally conscious state The first comprehensive, authoritative collection to describe disorders of consciousness and how they are used to study and understand the neural correlates of conscious perception in humans Includes revised and new chapters from the top international researchers in the field

The No Nonsense Meditation Book

The No Nonsense Meditation Book
Author: Steven Laureys
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2021-04-15
ISBN 10: 1472980506
ISBN 13: 9781472980502
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The No Nonsense Meditation Book Book Review:

INTERNATIONAL BESTSELLER 'Steven Laureys' book opens up exciting perspectives.' – Matthieu Ricard, Buddhist monk & translator of the Dalai Lama 'Clear, lively, rigorous and authentic... [The] book we have been waiting for.' - Dr Ilios Kotsou, mindfulness and wellbeing expert 'Not reading this book is self-defeating' - Paul Witteman Rigorously researched and deeply illuminating, world-leading neurologist Dr Steven Laureys works with celebrated meditators to scientifically prove the positive impact meditation has on our brains. Dr Steven Laureys has conducted ground-breaking research into human consciousness for more than 20 years. For this bestselling book, Steven to explores the effect of meditation on the brain. He uses hard science to explain the benefits of a practice that was once thought of as purely spiritual. The result is a highly accessible, scientifically questioning guide to meditation, designed to open the practice to a broader audience. A mix of fascinating science, inspiring anecdote and practical exercises, this accessible book offers scientific evidence that meditation can have a positive impact on all our lives.

The Feeling of Life Itself

The Feeling of Life Itself
Author: Christof Koch
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2020-09-08
ISBN 10: 0262539551
ISBN 13: 9780262539555
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Feeling of Life Itself Book Review:

An argument that consciousness, more widespread than previously assumed, is the feeling of being alive, not a type of computation or a clever hack. In The Feeling of Life Itself, Christof Koch offers a straightforward definition of consciousness as any subjective experience, from the most mundane to the most exalted—the feeling of being alive. Psychologists study which cognitive operations underpin a given conscious perception. Neuroscientists track the neural correlates of consciousness in the brain, the organ of the mind. But why the brain and not, say, the liver? How can the brain, three pounds of highly excitable matter, a piece of furniture in the universe, subject to the same laws of physics as any other piece, give rise to subjective experience? Koch argues that what is needed to answer these questions is a quantitative theory that starts with experience and proceeds to the brain. In The Feeling of Life Itself, Koch outlines such a theory, based on integrated information. Koch describes how the theory explains many facts about the neurology of consciousness and how it has been used to build a clinically useful consciousness meter. The theory predicts that many, and perhaps all, animals experience the sights and sounds of life; consciousness is much more widespread than conventionally assumed. Contrary to received wisdom, however, Koch argues that programmable computers will not have consciousness. Even a perfect software model of the brain is not conscious. Its simulation is fake consciousness. Consciousness is not a special type of computation—it is not a clever hack. Consciousness is about being.

Inner Experience and Neuroscience

Inner Experience and Neuroscience
Author: Donald D. Price,James J. Barrell
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2012-08-03
ISBN 10: 0262017652
ISBN 13: 9780262017657
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Inner Experience and Neuroscience Book Review:

A proposal for merging a science of human consciousness with neuroscience and psychology. The study of consciousness has advanced rapidly over the last two decades. And yet there is no clear path to creating models for a direct science of human experience or for integrating its insights with those of neuroscience, psychology, and philosophy. In Inner Experience and Neuroscience, Donald Price and James Barrell show how a science of human experience can be developed through a strategy that integrates experiential paradigms with methods from the natural sciences. They argue that the accuracy and results of both psychology and neuroscience would benefit from an experiential perspective and methods. Price and Barrell describe phenomenologically based methods for scientific research on human experience, as well as their philosophical underpinnings, and relate these to empirical results associated with such phenomena as pain and suffering, emotions, and volition. They argue that the methods of psychophysics are critical for integrating experiential and natural sciences, describe how qualitative and quantitative methods can be merged, and then apply this approach to the phenomena of pain, placebo responses, and background states of consciousness. In the course of their argument, they draw on empirical results that include qualitative studies, quantitative studies, and neuroimaging studies. Finally, they propose that the integration of experiential and natural science can extend efforts to understand such difficult issues as free will and complex negative emotions including jealousy and greed.

Cognition Brain and Consciousness

Cognition  Brain  and Consciousness
Author: Bernard J. Baars,Nicole M. Gage
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2010-02-04
ISBN 10: 9780123814401
ISBN 13: 0123814405
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cognition Brain and Consciousness Book Review:

Cognition, Brain, and Consciousness, Second Edition, provides students and readers with an overview of the study of the human brain and its cognitive development. It discusses brain molecules and their primary function, which is to help carry brain signals to and from the different parts of the human body. These molecules are also essential for understanding language, learning, perception, thinking, and other cognitive functions of our brain. The book also presents the tools that can be used to view the human brain through brain imaging or recording. New to this edition are Frontiers in Cognitive Neuroscience text boxes, each one focusing on a leading researcher and their topic of expertise. There is a new chapter on Genes and Molecules of Cognition; all other chapters have been thoroughly revised, based on the most recent discoveries. This text is designed for undergraduate and graduate students in Psychology, Neuroscience, and related disciplines in which cognitive neuroscience is taught. New edition of a very successful textbook Completely revised to reflect new advances, and feedback from adopters and students Includes a new chapter on Genes and Molecules of Cognition Student Solutions available at http://www.baars-gage.com/ For Teachers: Rapid adoption and course preparation: A wide array of instructor support materials are available online including PowerPoint lecture slides, a test bank with answers, and eFlashcords on key concepts for each chapter. A textbook with an easy-to-understand thematic approach: in a way that is clear for students from a variety of academic backgrounds, the text introduces concepts such as working memory, selective attention, and social cognition. A step-by-step guide for introducing students to brain anatomy: color graphics have been carefully selected to illustrate all points and the research explained. Beautifully clear artist's drawings are used to 'build a brain' from top to bottom, simplifying the layout of the brain. For students: An easy-to-read, complete introduction to mind-brain science: all chapters begin from mind-brain functions and build a coherent picture of their brain basis. A single, widely accepted functional framework is used to capture the major phenomena. Learning Aids include a student support site with study guides and exercises, a new Mini-Atlas of the Brain and a full Glossary of technical terms and their definitions. Richly illustrated with hundreds of carefully selected color graphics to enhance understanding.

Subconsciousness

Subconsciousness
Author: Yves Agid
Publsiher: Columbia University Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-07-06
ISBN 10: 023155401X
ISBN 13: 9780231554015
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Subconsciousness Book Review:

We are conscious of only a small fraction of our lives. Because the brain constantly receives an enormous quantity of information, we need to be able to do things without thinking about them—to act in “autopilot” mode. Automatic behaviors—the vast majority of our activities—occur without our conscious awareness, or subconsciously. Yet the physiological basis of subconsciousness remains poorly understood, despite its vast importance for physical and mental health. The neurodegenerative disease expert Yves Agid offers a groundbreaking and accessible account of subconsciousness and its significance. He pinpoints the basal ganglia—the ancient “basement of the brain”—as the main physiological hub of the subconscious. Agid examines its roles in the control and production of automatic behavior, including motor, intellectual, and emotional processes. He highlights the consequences for various brain pathologies, showing how malfunctions of the subconscious have clinical repercussions including not only abnormal involuntary movements, as seen in Parkinson’s disease, but also psychiatric disorders such as obsessive-compulsive disorders and depression. Based on this understanding, Agid considers how seeing the basal ganglia as a therapeutic target can aid development of potential new treatments for neurological and psychiatric disorders. Shedding new light on the physiological bases of our behavior and mental states, this book provides an innovative exploration of the complexities of the mind, with implications ranging from clinical applications to philosophy’s thorniest problems.

Zen and the Brain

Zen and the Brain
Author: James H. Austin
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 868
Release: 1999-06-04
ISBN 10: 9780262260350
ISBN 13: 0262260352
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Zen and the Brain Book Review:

A neuroscientist and Zen practitioner interweaves the latest research on the brain with his personal narrative of Zen. Aldous Huxley called humankind's basic trend toward spiritual growth the "perennial philosophy." In the view of James Austin, the trend implies a "perennial psychophysiology"—because awakening, or enlightenment, occurs only when the human brain undergoes substantial changes. What are the peak experiences of enlightenment? How could these states profoundly enhance, and yet simplify, the workings of the brain? Zen and the Brain presents the latest evidence. In this book Zen Buddhism becomes the opening wedge for an extraordinarily wide-ranging exploration of consciousness. In order to understand which brain mechanisms produce Zen states, one needs some understanding of the anatomy, physiology, and chemistry of the brain. Austin, both a neurologist and a Zen practitioner, interweaves the most recent brain research with the personal narrative of his Zen experiences. The science is both inclusive and rigorous; the Zen sections are clear and evocative. Along the way, Austin examines such topics as similar states in other disciplines and religions, sleep and dreams, mental illness, consciousness-altering drugs, and the social consequences of the advanced stage of ongoing enlightenment.

The Consciousness Instinct

The Consciousness Instinct
Author: Michael S. Gazzaniga
Publsiher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2018-04-03
ISBN 10: 0374128766
ISBN 13: 9780374128760
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Consciousness Instinct Book Review:

“The father of cognitive neuroscience” illuminates the past, present, and future of the mind-brain problem How do neurons turn into minds? How does physical “stuff”—atoms, molecules, chemicals, and cells—create the vivid and various worlds inside our heads? The problem of consciousness has gnawed at us for millennia. In the last century there have been massive breakthroughs that have rewritten the science of the brain, and yet the puzzles faced by the ancient Greeks are still present. In The Consciousness Instinct, the neuroscience pioneer Michael S. Gazzaniga puts the latest research in conversation with the history of human thinking about the mind, giving a big-picture view of what science has revealed about consciousness. The idea of the brain as a machine, first proposed centuries ago, has led to assumptions about the relationship between mind and brain that dog scientists and philosophers to this day. Gazzaniga asserts that this model has it backward—brains make machines, but they cannot be reduced to one. New research suggests the brain is actually a confederation of independent modules working together. Understanding how consciousness could emanate from such an organization will help define the future of brain science and artificial intelligence, and close the gap between brain and mind. Captivating and accessible, with insights drawn from a lifetime at the forefront of the field, The Consciousness Instinct sets the course for the neuroscience of tomorrow.

The Origin of Consciousness

The Origin of Consciousness
Author: Graham Little
Publsiher: Lulu.com
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 099510848X
ISBN 13: 9780995108486
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Origin of Consciousness Book Review:

A Portrait of the Brain

A Portrait of the Brain
Author: Adam Zeman
Publsiher: Yale University Press
Total Pages: 246
Release: 2008-01-01
ISBN 10: 9780300114164
ISBN 13: 0300114168
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Portrait of the Brain Book Review:

Bizarre, perplexing, and moving cases of brain disorder, told by a neurologist with an extraordinary gift for storytelling

Consciousness in Action

Consciousness in Action
Author: Susan L. Hurley
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 506
Release: 1998
ISBN 10: 9780674007963
ISBN 13: 0674007964
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Consciousness in Action Book Review:

Hurley criticizes the standard view of consciousness, which conceives perception as input from world to mind and action as output from mind to world, with the serious business of thought in between. She considers how the interdependence of perceptual experience and agency at the personal level may emerge from the subpersonal level.

The Self in Neuroscience and Psychiatry

The Self in Neuroscience and Psychiatry
Author: Tilo Kircher,Anthony S. David,Anthony David
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 484
Release: 2003-08-07
ISBN 10: 9780521533508
ISBN 13: 0521533503
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Self in Neuroscience and Psychiatry Book Review:

This 2003 book focuses on neuropsychiatric models of self-consciousness, set against introductory essays describing the philosophical, historical and psychological approaches.

The River of Consciousness

The River of Consciousness
Author: Oliver Sacks
Publsiher: Knopf Canada
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2017-10-24
ISBN 10: 0345809017
ISBN 13: 9780345809018
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The River of Consciousness Book Review:

A profoundly fascinating, illuminating major work from the beloved, bestselling thinker and neurologist Oliver Sacks--completed by him just before his death--provides readers with a compelling, rare gift from the master. The River of Consciousness reflects Oliver Sacks at his wisest and most humane, as he examines some of the human animal's most remarkable faculties: memory, creativity, consciousness, and our present, ongoing evolution. Before his death, Sacks personally collected into this one volume his recent essays and case studies, never before published in book form, which he felt best displayed his passionate engagement with his most compelling and seminal ideas. The book, lucid and accessible as ever, is a mirror of his own consciousness, discovering in his personal and humane interactions with others, unique insight, and fresh meaning. Featuring a preface written two weeks before his death, The River of Consciousness reveals the beloved, bestselling author's unique ability to make unexpected connections, his sheer joy in knowledge, and his unceasing, timeless project to understand what it is that makes us human.

A Brief Tour of Human Consciousness

A Brief Tour of Human Consciousness
Author: V. S. Ramachandran,Vilayanur S. Ramachandran
Publsiher: Dutton Books
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39076002398761
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Brief Tour of Human Consciousness Book Review:

"How can people come to believe that their poodle is an impostor? Or see colors in numbers? Francis Crick, co-discoverer of DNA, said of V. S. Ramachandran's first book, "The patients he describes are fascinating, and his experiments on them are both simple and ingenious." With his unique energy and style Ramachandran now shares his insights into the mind from such everyday human experiences as pain, sight, and the appreciation of beauty to the ultimate philosophical conundrums of consciousness."--BOOK JACKET.

The Feeling of what Happens

The Feeling of what Happens
Author: Antonio R. Damasio
Publsiher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Total Pages: 386
Release: 1999
ISBN 10: 9780156010757
ISBN 13: 0156010755
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Feeling of what Happens Book Review:

A new theory of consciousness and the construction of identity focuses on the body's reaction to its world, postulating that a complex relationship between body, emotion, and mind is required to configure the self. Reprint. 50,000 first printing.