Neural Control of Movement

Neural Control of Movement
Author: W.R. Ferrell,Uwe Proske
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461519853
ISBN 13: 9781461519850
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Control of Movement Book Review:

Presented with a choice of evils, most would prefer to be blinded rather than to be unable to move, immobilized in the late stages of Parkinson's disease. Yet in everyday life, as in Neuroscience, vision holds the centre of the stage. The conscious psyche watches a private TV show all day long, while the motor system is left to get on with it "out of sight and out of mind. " Motor skills are worshipped at all levels of society, whether in golf, tennis, soccer, athletics or in musical performance; meanwhile the subconscious machinery is ignored. But scientifically there is steady advance on a wide front, as we are reminded here, from the reversal of the reflexes of the stick insects to the site of motor learning in the human cerebral cortex. As in the rest of Physiology, evolution has preserved that which has already worked well; thus general principles can often be best discerned in lower animals. No one scientist can be personally involved at all levels of analysis, but especially for the motor system a narrow view is doomed from the outset. Interaction is all; the spinal cord has surrendered its autonomy to the brain, but the brain can only control the limbs by talking to the spinal cord in a language that it can understand, determined by its pre-existing circuitry; and both receive a continuous stream of feedback from the periphery.

The Neural Control of Movement

The Neural Control of Movement
Author: Patrick J. Whelan,Simon A. Sharples
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 484
Release: 2020-08-12
ISBN 10: 0128172754
ISBN 13: 9780128172759
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neural Control of Movement Book Review:

From speech to breathing to overt movement contractions of muscles are the only way other than sweating whereby we literally make a mark on the world. Locomotion is an essential part of this equation and exciting new developments are shedding light on the mechanisms underlying how this important behavior occurs. The Neural Control of Movement discusses these developments across a variety of species including man. The editors focus on highlighting the utility of different models from invertebrates to vertebrates. Each chapter discusses how new approaches in neuroscience are being used to dissect and control neural networks. An area of emphasis is on vertebrate motor networks and particularly the spinal cord. The spinal cord is unique because it has seen the use of genetic tools allowing the dissection of networks for over ten years. This book provides practical details on model systems, approaches, and analysis approaches related to movement control. This book is written for neuroscientists interested in movement control. Provides practice details on model systems, approaches, and analysis approaches related to movement control Discusses how recent advances like optogenetics and chemogenetics affect the need for model systems to be modified (or not) to work for studies of movement and motor control Written for neuroscientists interested in movement control, especially movement disorders like Parkinson’s, MS, spinal cord injury, and stroke

Peripheral and Spinal Mechanisms in the Neural Control of Movement

Peripheral and Spinal Mechanisms in the Neural Control of Movement
Author: M.D. Binder
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 479
Release: 1999-12-17
ISBN 10: 9780080862484
ISBN 13: 0080862489
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Peripheral and Spinal Mechanisms in the Neural Control of Movement Book Review:

In the last decade, we have witnessed a striking maturation of our understanding of how neurons in the spinal cord control muscular activity and movement. Paradoxically, a host of new findings have revealed an unexpected versatility in the behavior of these well-studied neural elements and circuits. In this volume, the world's leading experts review the current state of our knowledge of motor control, outline their latest results and developments, and delineate the seminal unresolved questions in this vibrant field of research. The volume begins with a commentary and overview of our current understanding of the peripheral and spinal basis of motor control. The remainder of the volume is divided into seven sections, each focused on a different problem. The first chapter in each section provides some historical review and presages the experimental findings and hypotheses that are discussed in subsequent chapters. Topics include the biomechanics of neuromuscular systems, the properties of motoneurons and the muscle units they control, spinal interneurons, pattern generating circuits, locomotion, descending control of spinal circuits, comparative physiology of motor systems, and motor systems neurophysiology studied in man. The book serves as a unique reference volume and should be essential reading for anyone interested in motor systems. Moreover, the volume's comprehensive coverage of a wide range of topics make it an effective textbook for graduate level courses in motor control neurobiology, kinesiology, physical therapy, and rehabilitation medicine.

Sensorimotor Mechanisms for the Neural Control of Movement

Sensorimotor Mechanisms for the Neural Control of Movement
Author: Yoichiro Aoyagi
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2002
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:51257794
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sensorimotor Mechanisms for the Neural Control of Movement Book Review:

Biomechanics and Neural Control of Posture and Movement

Biomechanics and Neural Control of Posture and Movement
Author: Jack M. Winters,Patrick E. Crago
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 683
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461221048
ISBN 13: 9781461221043
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomechanics and Neural Control of Posture and Movement Book Review:

Most routine motor tasks are complex, involving load transmission through out the body, intricate balance, and eye-head-shoulder-hand-torso-leg coor dination. The quest toward understanding how we perform such tasks with skill and grace, often in the presence of unpredictable perturbations, has a long history. This book arose from the Ninth Engineering Foundation Con ference on Biomechanics and Neural Control of Movement, held in Deer Creek, Ohio, in June 1996. This unique conference, which has met every 2 to 4 years since the late 1960s, is well known for its informal format that promotes high-level, up-to-date discussions on the key issues in the field. The intent is to capture the high quality ofthe knowledge and discourse that is an integral part of this conference series. The book is organized into ten sections. Section I provides a brief intro duction to the terminology and conceptual foundations of the field of move ment science; it is intended primarily for students. All but two of the re maining nine sections share a common format: (l) a designated section editor; (2) an introductory didactic chapter, solicited from recognized lead ers; and (3) three to six state-of-the-art perspective chapters. Some per spective chapters are followed by commentaries by selected experts that provide balance and insight. Section VI is the largest section, and it con sists of nine perspective chapters without commentaries.

Neural Control of Rhythmic Movements in Vertebrates

Neural Control of Rhythmic Movements in Vertebrates
Author: Avis H. Cohen,Serge Rossignol,Sten Grillner
Publsiher: Wiley-Interscience
Total Pages: 500
Release: 1988-02-26
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822007913346
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Control of Rhythmic Movements in Vertebrates Book Review:

Electroreception Edited by Theodore Holmes Bullock and Walter Heiligenberg Presents recent findings in the research on modality of animal perception, particularly the ability to sense feeble electrical fields. Includes a new treatment of electric organs and their control, examination of receptors and their ionic mechanisms, and discussion of regeneration of the spinal cord. Uses electric fish as models. 1986 (0 471-81800-3) 722 pp. Neurobiology of Taste and Smell Thomas E. Finger and Wayne L. Silver A survey of subdisciplines within the field of neurobiology and an overview of current issues, recent findings, and future research, and an excellent introduction to the specific study of the chemical senses, including olfactory, vomeronasal, and gustatory systems. 1987 (0 471-81799-6) 449 pp. Higher Brain Functions Recent Explorations of the Brain’s Emergent Properties Edited by Steven P. Wise Pushing at the frontiers of knowledge, the best minds in the field of neurophysiology develop original ideas first presented in a monograph by Evarts, Shinoda, and Wise, Neurophysiological Approaches to Higher Brain Functions. Organized into three sections, Motor Aspects of Higher Brain Function, Effects of Preparatory Set, and Cerebral Organization, this volume explores important and interesting research directed toward questions concerning higher brain functions that lie beyond the traditional concerns of sensor and motor physiology. 1987 (0 471-01111-8) 384 pp. Synaptic Function Edited by Gerald M. Edelman, W. Einar Gall, and W. Maxwell Cowan Examines synaptic function by focusing on five areas—biochemical and biophysical mechanisms of change in pre-and postsynaptic cells; the neurochemicstry of transmitters and their release; the interactions of cells in small networks; synaptic plasticity related to long-term changes; and theoretical models of synaptic function. 1987 (0 471-85557-X) 944 pp.

Workshop on Neural Control of Movement in Vertebrates

Workshop on Neural Control of Movement in Vertebrates
Author: R. Baker
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 93
Release: 1992
ISBN 10: 9788470754357
ISBN 13: 8470754351
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Workshop on Neural Control of Movement in Vertebrates Book Review:

Neural Control of Locomotion

Neural Control of Locomotion
Author: Robert Herman
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 822
Release: 2017-05-04
ISBN 10: 1475709641
ISBN 13: 9781475709643
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Control of Locomotion Book Review:

Neural Control of Skilled Human Movement

Neural Control of Skilled Human Movement
Author: Frederick W. J. Cody
Publsiher: Ashgate Publishing
Total Pages: 93
Release: 1995
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UVA:X004039443
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Control of Skilled Human Movement Book Review:

This text focuses on skilled movements in humans, while drawing upon evidence obtained in other species. Attention is directed at movements of the hand and arm, with the production of speech sounds also being seen as an important example of skilled movement. Concise up-dates of current understanding of the roles of the main motor centres - cerebral cortex, basal ganglia, cerebellum and spinal cord - in skilled movement and its clinical impairments, are provided by neuroscientists.

Biomechanics and Neural Control of Movement

Biomechanics and Neural Control of Movement
Author: Engineering Foundation
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1996
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:78466920
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomechanics and Neural Control of Movement Book Review:

Neural and Computational Modeling of Movement Control

Neural and Computational Modeling of Movement Control
Author: Ning Lan,Vincent C. K. Cheung,Simon C. Gandevia
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017-04-17
ISBN 10: 2889451305
ISBN 13: 9782889451302
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural and Computational Modeling of Movement Control Book Review:

In the study of sensorimotor systems, an important research goal has been to understand the way neural networks in the spinal cord and brain interact to control voluntary movement. Computational modeling has provided insight into the interaction between centrally generated commands, proprioceptive feedback signals and the biomechanical responses of the moving body. Research in this field is also driven by the need to improve and optimize rehabilitation after nervous system injury and to devise biomimetic methods of control in robotic devices. This research topic is focused on efforts dedicated to identify and model the neuromechanical control of movement. Neural networks in the brain and spinal cord are known to generate patterned activity that mediates coordinated activation of multiple muscles in both rhythmic and discrete movements, e.g. locomotion and reaching. Commands descending from the higher centres in the CNS modulate the activity of spinal networks, which control movement on the basis of sensory feedback of various types, including that from proprioceptive afferents. The computational models will continue to shed light on the central strategies and mechanisms of sensorimotor control and learning. This research topic demonstrated that computational modeling is playing a more and more prominent role in the studies of postural and movement control. With increasing ability to gather data from all levels of the neuromechanical sensorimotor systems, there is a compelling need for novel, creative modeling of new and existing data sets, because the more systematic means to extract knowledge and insights about neural computations of sensorimotor systems from these data is through computational modeling. While models should be based on experimental data and validated with experimental evidence, they should also be flexible to provide a conceptual framework for unifying diverse data sets, to generate new insights of neural mechanisms, to integrate new data sets into the general framework, to validate or refute hypotheses and to suggest new testable hypotheses for future experimental investigation. It is thus expected that neural and computational modeling of the sensorimotor system should create new opportunities for experimentalists and modelers to collaborate in a joint endeavor to advance our understanding of the neural mechanisms for postural and movement control. The editors would like to thank Professor Arthur Prochazka, who helped initially to set up this research topic, and all authors who contributed their articles to this research topic. Our appreciation also goes to the reviewers, who volunteered their time and effort to help achieve the goal of this research topic. We would also like to thank the staff members of editorial office of Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience for their expertise in the process of manuscript handling, publishing, and in bringing this ebook to the readers. The support from the Editor-in-Chief, Dr. Misha Tsodyks and Dr. Si Wu is crucial for this research topic to come to a successful conclusion. We are indebted to Dr. Si Li and Ms. Ting Xu, whose assistant is important for this ebook to become a reality. Finally, this work is supported in part by grants to Dr. Ning Lan from the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2011CB013304), the Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 81271684, No. 61361160415, No. 81630050), and the Interdisciplinary Research Grant cross Engineering and Medicine by Shanghai Jiao Tong University (YG20148D09). Dr. Vincent Cheung is supported by startup funds from the Faculty of Medicine of The Chinese University of Hong Kong. Guest Associate Editors Ning Lan, Vincent Cheung, and Simon Gandevia

Neural Control Engineering

Neural Control Engineering
Author: Steven J. Schiff
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2011-11-10
ISBN 10: 0262015374
ISBN 13: 9780262015370
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Control Engineering Book Review:

How powerful new methods in nonlinear control engineering can be applied to neuroscience, from fundamental model formulation to advanced medical applications. Over the past sixty years, powerful methods of model-based control engineering have been responsible for such dramatic advances in engineering systems as autolanding aircraft, autonomous vehicles, and even weather forecasting. Over those same decades, our models of the nervous system have evolved from single-cell membranes to neuronal networks to large-scale models of the human brain. Yet until recently control theory was completely inapplicable to the types of nonlinear models being developed in neuroscience. The revolution in nonlinear control engineering in the late 1990s has made the intersection of control theory and neuroscience possible. In Neural Control Engineering, Steven Schiff seeks to bridge the two fields, examining the application of new methods in nonlinear control engineering to neuroscience. After presenting extensive material on formulating computational neuroscience models in a control environment—including some fundamentals of the algorithms helpful in crossing the divide from intuition to effective application—Schiff examines a range of applications, including brain-machine interfaces and neural stimulation. He reports on research that he and his colleagues have undertaken showing that nonlinear control theory methods can be applied to models of single cells, small neuronal networks, and large-scale networks in disease states of Parkinson's disease and epilepsy. With Neural Control Engineering the reader acquires a working knowledge of the fundamentals of control theory and computational neuroscience sufficient not only to understand the literature in this trandisciplinary area but also to begin working to advance the field. The book will serve as an essential guide for scientists in either biology or engineering and for physicians who wish to gain expertise in these areas.

Neurobiology of Motor Control

Neurobiology of Motor Control
Author: Scott L. Hooper,Ansgar Büschges
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2017-06-21
ISBN 10: 1118873629
ISBN 13: 9781118873625
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurobiology of Motor Control Book Review:

A multi-disciplinary look at the current state of knowledge regarding motor control and movement—from molecular biology to robotics The last two decades have seen a dramatic increase in the number of sophisticated tools and methodologies for exploring motor control and movement. Multi-unit recordings, molecular neurogenetics, computer simulation, and new scientific approaches for studying how muscles and body anatomy transform motor neuron activity into movement have helped revolutionize the field. Neurobiology of Motor Control brings together contributions from an interdisciplinary group of experts to provide a review of the current state of knowledge about the initiation and execution of movement, as well as the latest methods and tools for investigating them. The book ranges from the findings of basic scientists studying model organisms such as mollusks and Drosophila, to biomedical researchers investigating vertebrate motor production to neuroengineers working to develop robotic and smart prostheses technologies. Following foundational chapters on current molecular biological techniques, neuronal ensemble recording, and computer simulation, it explores a broad range of related topics, including the evolution of motor systems, directed targeted movements, plasticity and learning, and robotics. Explores motor control and movement in a wide variety of organisms, from simple invertebrates to human beings Offers concise summaries of motor control systems across a variety of animals and movement types Explores an array of tools and methodologies, including electrophysiological techniques, neurogenic and molecular techniques, large ensemble recordings, and computational methods Considers unresolved questions and how current scientific advances may be used to solve them going forward Written specifically to encourage interdisciplinary understanding and collaboration, and offering the most wide-ranging, timely, and comprehensive look at the science of motor control and movement currently available, Neurobiology of Motor Control is a must-read for all who study movement production and the neurobiological basis of movement—from molecular biologists to roboticists.

Neural Control of Arm Movement

Neural Control of Arm Movement
Author: C. S. Chandler,Newcastle upon Tyne Univ. (GB).
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 208
Release: 1984
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:13623945
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Control of Arm Movement Book Review:

Neural Communication and Control

Neural Communication and Control
Author: Gy. Székely,E. Lábos,S. Damjanovich
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 350
Release: 2013-10-22
ISBN 10: 1483190196
ISBN 13: 9781483190198
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Communication and Control Book Review:

Advances in Physiological Sciences, Volume 30: Neural Communication and Control is a collection of papers presented at the 1980 satellite symposium of the 28th International Congress of Physiological Science, held in Visegrá Hungary. This volume is composed of 26 chapters and begins with a description of nervous elements and systems on the phylogenetic scale. The succeeding chapters review studies on the excitable membrane, the properties of a single neuron, of small and large neuronal ensembles and of systems of increasing complexity, considering physiological and anatomical aspects, as well as experimenting and modeling. Other chapters explore the whole-brain function based on a conscious experience. The remaining chapters examine the understanding the neural basis of cognitive experience through experiment on evaluative cognitive agency in "split-brain" patients. This book is of value to physiologists, neurologists, and researchers.

Neural Control of Movement

Neural Control of Movement
Author: Anders Enjin
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 61
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 9789155480431
ISBN 13: 9155480438
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Control of Movement Book Review:

Foundations of Neuroscience

Foundations of Neuroscience
Author: Casey Henley
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1253356919
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foundations of Neuroscience Book Review:

Motor Control

Motor Control
Author: D. R. Humphrey,H.-J. Freund
Publsiher: John Wiley & Son Limited
Total Pages: 500
Release: 1991-05-03
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCAL:B4524644
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Motor Control Book Review:

Motor Control: Concepts and Issues D.R. Humphrey H.-J. Freund Editors Studies of the neural control of movement and posture have come to be truly interdisciplinary in scope. Major contributions have come to this still growing field of research from many branches of neuroscience, clinical neurology, psychology, and the emerging disciplines of biomechanics and robotics. As a result of this multidisciplinary effort, much progress has been made in understanding the attributes of motor behavior, the functional organization of motor control regions of the brain, the nature of commands for movement which emanate from these areas, and the manner in which these neural commands are processed subcortically to compensate for the mechanical properties of muscles and their attachments. This volume summarizes the deliberations of over forty outstanding researchers in the field of motor control—representing several of its constituent disciplines. It provides an up-to-date sampling of research in selected areas, perspectives on current issues and unresolved questions, and suggestions for future research. It is, therefore, a valuable reference not only for researchers in motor control, but for all scientists who are interested in how the brain programs and guides goal-directed behavior.

Bernstein s Construction of Movements

Bernstein s Construction of Movements
Author: Mark L. Latash
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2020-10-30
ISBN 10: 1000213862
ISBN 13: 9781000213867
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bernstein s Construction of Movements Book Review:

Nikolai Aleksandrovich Bernstein was one of the great neuroscientists of the twentieth century and highly respected by Western scientists even though most have never read his most important book entitled On the Construction of Movements. Bernstein's Construction of Movements: The Original Text and Commentaries is the first English translation. It supplements the translated text with a series of commentaries by scientists who knew Bernstein personally, as well as leaders in related fields including physics, motor control, and biomechanics. While written in 1947, Bernstein’s book is anything but obsolete, making this English translation and accompanying commentaries an invaluable text. The translated original text presents in detail Bernstein’s views on the evolutionary history of biological movement and his multi-level hierarchical scheme of the construction of movements in higher animals, including humans. The following commentaries address Bernstein’s personality, the history of the book, and current views on different aspects of neuroscience covered in Bernstein’s text. Ultimately, they present "a book within the book" to showcase how Bernstein’s heritage has developed over the past years. This classic, available for the first time to an English-speaking audience, will prove beneficial to students, instructors, and experts of neuroscience, physics, neurophysiology, motor control, motor rehabilitation, biomechanics, dynamical systems, and related fields.

The Neuroscience of Human Movement

The Neuroscience of Human Movement
Author: Charles T. Leonard
Publsiher: Mosby Incorporated
Total Pages: 252
Release: 1998
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015040072038
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neuroscience of Human Movement Book Review:

Covering the basics of neuroscience, including a chapter on the vocabulary of the nervous system (a great brush-up even for those who have some prior knowledge of neuroscience), this excellent reference eases the student through more difficult topics such as reflexes, eye-hand coordination, and neural control of running and walking. Each chapter begins with an outline, and a comprehensive glossary rounds out the book. More than 50 original line drawings illustrate key concepts. * Presents difficult information on neuroscience in an easy-to-understand manner. * Explains the major organizational subdivisions of the central nervous system briefly, with an emphasis on structures and structural relationships that impact motor control. * Presents typical spinal cord and brainstem reflexes involved in motor control and discusses the methods for using these reflexes to influence strength gains and muscle flexibility. * Includes the most current research on the neural control of hand-eye coordination, discussed in relation to its importance to rehabilitation medicine and childrens' physical education. * Chapter on the neural control of human locomotion integrates concepts in previous chapters to show the harmony of neural interaction that is needed to complete any motor act. * Includes the latest research (by the author) showing that humans can consciously alter reflex activity and the impact of these findings on athletic performance, recovery from injury, and motor learning. * Concepts are illustrated with anecdotes and examples making difficult information less intimidating and easier to grasp. * Includes topics like hand-eye coordination and human locomotion, applying neuroscience to everyday activities and making highly theoretical information useful. * More than 50 original line drawings illustrate key concepts. * Chapter outlines give students an overview of the information to be presented. * Comprehensive glossary provides an easy review of difficult terminology.