The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life

The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life
Author: Josef Neu
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2021-01-18
ISBN 10: 0128206098
ISBN 13: 9780128206096
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life Book Review:

The Microbiome in Prenatal and Neonatal Life clarifies that the microbiome in the maternal fetal unit and immediate changes that occur as new microbes are acquired postnatally play major roles in subsequent health and disease. Rapidly developing technologies for multi-omic analyses and systems biology are shifting paradigms in both scientific knowledge and clinical care with regard to this topic. In essence, we are changing the idea that newborns emerge from sterile environments. As such, in-utero colonization may have impacts on the development of immunity and metabolism that, with epigenetic modifications, will lead to diseases in later life. In addition, the microbial profile that develops during and after birth depends on mode of delivery, type of feeding (human milk versus formula), and various other environmental factors to which the newborn is exposed. Discusses the critical nonredundant timeframe in a newborn's life during which many factors drive immune and tissue maturation and influence the susceptibility to immune-mediated and other diseases in adult life Proves that the fetus and uterine membranes are exposed to not only microbes in close proximity but also to microbial products from metabolism of microbes in the mother Shows that since early life periods are a critical window for development, epigenetic and/or immunologic alterations may occur that can affect not only the infant during his/her lifetime but also subsequent generations Gives insight into factors that may affect the newborn microbiome and subsequent development

Microbiota in health and disease from pregnancy to childhood

Microbiota in health and disease  from pregnancy to childhood
Author: Pamela D. Browne,Eric Claassen,Michael D. Cabana
Publsiher: Wageningen Academic Publishers
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2017-07-20
ISBN 10: 9086868398
ISBN 13: 9789086868391
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbiota in health and disease from pregnancy to childhood Book Review:

This book offers a state-of-the-art overview of the vital relationship between human microbiota and infant and child health. Renowned clinical-experimental experts in this field discuss the development of microbiota during early life and review the environmental inputs that affect the developing infant’s gut microbiota, such as early diet and (postnatal) medical interventions. They further describe the interplay between gut microbiota and functional systems of the body, from the immune system to the central nervous system. The book discusses a range of infant and childhood diseases that are associated with microbial changes or dysbiosis, such as gastrointestinal disorders, allergic diseases, autoimmune disorders and respiratory disorders. Additionally mechanisms by which microbial dysbiosis may influence behaviour in infants are discussed. Other topics include the use of current tools in molecular microbiology for microbiota-related research and clinical practice. In the management of particular paediatric disorders, the potential of microbial manipulation with pre- and probiotics during infancy and childhood is increasingly being investigated. This book presents the evidence supporting their use in practice and reviews safety aspects. Microbiota in health and disease: from pregnancy to childhood has the ambition to provide the reader with an overview of the most recent and stunning advances in the field of infant and child microbiota and their role in health, disease and prevention. As such, it is an excellent resource for health care professionals, students and researchers in the field of life sciences.

The Developing Microbiome

The Developing Microbiome
Author: Erika Chiong Claud
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2020-05-23
ISBN 10: 0128206179
ISBN 13: 9780128206171
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Developing Microbiome Book Review:

The Developing Microbiome: Lessons from Early Life focuses on the establishment of the microbiome in early life, exposing it as a key mediator of diseases and health throughout the lifecycle. The content presents a comprehensive view of the status of the field and draws real-world correlations to health and disease states. It collates the significant research being done in the pediatric microbiome research space and bridges the knowledge gap showing the factors that impact health and disease states throughout the lifecycle. Finally, it offers knowledge on how the microbiome is and can be manipulated to promote change. This is a perfect reference for both researchers and clinical scientists who are interested in the role of the infant microbiome in health and disease, as well as gastroenterologists and pediatricians looking to affect change in their patients. Provides comprehensive coverage of the factors that influence microbiome development Links research in pediatric patients to later life stages Examines increasing evidence on the impact of the microbiome beyond the gut

Fetal and Neonatal Physiology E Book

Fetal and Neonatal Physiology E Book
Author: Richard A. Polin,Steven H. Abman,David Rowitch,William E. Benitz
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 2050
Release: 2016-05-11
ISBN 10: 0323352324
ISBN 13: 9780323352321
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fetal and Neonatal Physiology E Book Book Review:

Fetal & Neonatal Physiology provides neonatologist fellows and physicians with the essential information they need to effectively diagnose, treat, and manage sick and premature infants. Fully comprehensive, this resource continues to serve as an excellent reference tool, focusing on the basic science needed for exam preparation and the key information required for full-time practice. The 5th edition is the most substantially updated and revised edition ever. In the 5 years since the last edition published, there have been thousands of publications on various aspects of development of health and disease; Fetal and Neonatal Physiology synthesizes this knowledge into definitive guidance for today's busy practitioner. Offers definitive guidance on how to effectively manage the many health problems seen in newborn and premature infants. Chapters devoted to clinical correlation help explain the implications of fetal and neonatal physiology. Allows you to apply the latest insights on genetic therapy, intrauterine infections, brain protection and neuroimaging, and much more. Features a fantastic new 4-color design with 1,000 illustrations, 170+ chapters, and over 350 contributors. 16 new chapters cover such hot topics as Epigenetics; Placental Function in Intrauterine Growth Restriction; Regulation of Pulmonary Circulation; The Developing Microbiome of the Fetus and Newborn; Hereditary Contribution to Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia; Mechanistic Aspects of Phototherapy for Neonatal Hyperbilirubinemia; Cerebellar Development; Pathophysiology of Neonatal Sepsis; Pathophysiology of Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn; Pathophysiology of Meconium Aspiration Syndrome; Pathophysiology of Ventilator Dependent Infants; Pathophysiology of Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury; Pathophysiology of Neonatal White Matter Injury; Pathophysiology of Meningitis; Pathophysiology of Preeclampsia; and Pathophysiology of Chorioamnionitis. New Pathophysiology of Neonatal Diseases section highlights every process associated with a disease or injury, all in one place. In-depth information, combined with end-of-chapter summaries, enables deep or quick use of the text.

Perinatal and Prenatal Disorders

Perinatal and Prenatal Disorders
Author: Phyllis A. Dennery,Giuseppe Buonocore,Ola Didrik Saugstad
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 435
Release: 2014-12-17
ISBN 10: 1493914057
ISBN 13: 9781493914050
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Perinatal and Prenatal Disorders Book Review:

This authoritative volume describes the role of free radicals and antioxidants in prenatal and perinatal disorders currently explored in clinical and pre-clinical trials. In twenty-two inclusive chapters, the book covers the gamut of oxidative stress and its relation to a variety of factors, including fertility, metabolism, redox biomarkers, antioxidant defense and protection, gene polymorphisms, angiogenesis, cell signaling, mutations and oxidative damage involving lipids, proteins and nucleic acids, membrane trafficking, inflammation, mitochondrial dysfunction, alterations in immunological function, hypoxia, and post-natal stressors. This comprehensive source will keep clinicians and research scientists up-to-date on translational research into medical applications. Perinatal and Prenatal Disorders is a significant addition to the well-known Oxidative Stress in Applied Basic Research and Clinical Practice series.

Your Baby s Microbiome

Your Baby s Microbiome
Author: Toni Harman,Alex Wakeford
Publsiher: Chelsea Green Publishing
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2017-02-20
ISBN 10: 1603586954
ISBN 13: 9781603586955
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Your Baby s Microbiome Book Review:

From the Directors of the Award-Winning Documentary Microbirth At least two amazing events happen during childbirth. There's the obvious main event, which is the emergence of a new human into the world. But there's another event taking place simultaneously, a crucial event that is not visible to the naked eye, an event that could determine the lifelong health of the baby. This is the seeding of the baby's microbiome, the community of "good" bacteria that we carry with us throughout our lives. The seeding of the microbiome, along with breastfeeding and skin-to-skin contact, kick-starts the baby's immune system and helps protect the infant from disease across a lifetime. Researchers are discovering, however, that interventions such as the use of synthetic oxytocin, antibiotics, C-sections, and formula feeding interfere with, or bypass completely, the microbial transfer from mother to baby. These bacteria are vital for human health, and science has linked an imbalance in the human microbiome with multiple chronic diseases. Drawing on the extensive research they carried out for their documentary film Microbirth, authors Toni Harman and Alex Wakeford reveal a fascinating new view of birth and how microscopic happenings can have lifelong consequences, for ourselves, our children--and our species as a whole.

Molecular Nutrition

Molecular Nutrition
Author: Manlio Vinciguerra,Paul Cordero Sanchez
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 450
Release: 2020-10-15
ISBN 10: 0128138637
ISBN 13: 9780128138632
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Nutrition Book Review:

Molecular Nutrition: Mother and Infant presents the impact of diet in early life stages, from pre-conception, throughout pregnancy, and to the infant. The book covers the molecular biology of the cell, genetic machinery and its function, general coverage on diet and nutrition, pregnancy, placenta, weight gain, breast milk, feeding practices, gestational disease, glucose metabolism, immunity, vitamins and minerals. Other topics discusses include fetal programming, bioactive compounds, amino acids, intrauterine growth, one carbon metabolism, overnutrition, genetic risk factors, polymorphisms, folic acid genes, DNA methylation, genes involved in lipid metabolism, microRNAs, epigenetics, transcriptomics and micro RNA. This book will be a welcomed reference for research scientists and practitioners, including nutritionists and dieticians. Addresses mother and infant nutrition and its critical impact on the well-being of humankind Contains coverage from pre-conception to young offspring Includes pedagogical features (e.g. a list of key facts, mini-dictionaries of terms and definitions, and summary points) to assist in its use as a reference Contains coverage of emerging fields of molecular biology and important discoveries related to diet and nutritional health

Stress and Brain Health Across the Life Course

Stress and Brain Health  Across the Life Course
Author: Nina Smyth
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 322
Release: 2020-03
ISBN 10: 0128167521
ISBN 13: 9780128167526
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stress and Brain Health Across the Life Course Book Review:

Stress and Brain Health: Across the Life Course, Volume 150, examines up-to-date knowledge on how stress effects brain health. The book's wide-ranging topics include the effects of pre-natal and childhood stress on neurodevelopment and aging. Chapters cover What is stress, how to measure it and effects on brain function, Pre-natal effects of stress on brain development and vulnerability, Stress in childhood, sensitive periods and regulatory mechanisms, The impact of childhood poverty on brain health, Adverse childhood experiences (ACE) on the brain, Stress, aging and epigenetics, The effects of chronic stress on the prefrontal cortex, Neurobiology of resilience to stress, and more.

Adiposity

Adiposity
Author: Jan Gordeladze
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2017-03-22
ISBN 10: 953512997X
ISBN 13: 9789535129974
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adiposity Book Review:

This book is the second in a series of two, featuring the Adiposity - Omics and Molecular Understanding, serving as an introduction to modern views on how the adipocytes are reciprocally interacting with organ systems in order to explain the biology of the body's fat cells and how they are integrated with other organ systems, like muscle cells and the liver, in order to control the lipid metabolism in our bodies, to finally preserve a positive balance between white and brown/beige adipocyte tissues (WAT and BAT). The understanding of the "omics" of obesity will therefore enable clinicians and researchers to better pursue the untoward incidents of metabolic deviations from a defined and health-bringing homeostasis, with fully responding WAT and BAT, being able to preserve a healthy balance between fat-producing and fat-metabolizing tissues for the benefit of the host, and thus longevity (optimal health with healthy, well-functioning organ systems) throughout a lifetime.

Milk Mucosal Immunity and the Microbiome

Milk  Mucosal Immunity and the Microbiome
Author: Pearay L. Ogra,W. Allan Walker,Bo Lönnerdal
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2020
ISBN 10: 3318066850
ISBN 13: 9783318066852
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Milk Mucosal Immunity and the Microbiome Book Review:

"This publication covers the 94th Nestle Nutritional Institute Workshop, which was designed to provide a comprehensive overview on the latest human milk research and its role in modulating mucosal immunity, the microbiome, and its impact on the neonate. This publication should provide scientific support to anyone seeking a deeper understanding of human milk and its immunological properties, and enlarge the knowledge of those who specialize in human milk research"--

The Microbiome Effect

The Microbiome Effect
Author: Toni Harman,Alex Wakeford
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2016-04-07
ISBN 10: 9781780662701
ISBN 13: 178066270X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Microbiome Effect Book Review:

The Microbiome Effect explores the way the microbiome, or good bacteria, is transferred from mother to baby during childbirth, how modern medical practices interfere with this process, and the consequences for a baby s future health and perhaps for the future of humanity itself."

Microbial Endocrinology The Microbiota Gut Brain Axis in Health and Disease

Microbial Endocrinology  The Microbiota Gut Brain Axis in Health and Disease
Author: Mark Lyte,John F. Cryan
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 436
Release: 2014-07-05
ISBN 10: 1493908979
ISBN 13: 9781493908974
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microbial Endocrinology The Microbiota Gut Brain Axis in Health and Disease Book Review:

The field of microbial endocrinology is expressly devoted to understanding the mechanisms by which the microbiota (bacteria within the microbiome) interact with the host (“us”). This interaction is a two-way street and the driving force that governs these interactions are the neuroendocrine products of both the host and the microbiota. Chapters include neuroendocrine hormone-induced changes in gene expression and microbial endocrinology and probiotics. This is the first in a series of books dedicated to understanding how bi-directional communication between host and bacteria represents the cutting edge of translational medical research, and hopefully identifies new ways to understand the mechanisms that determine health and disease.​

New Technologies and Perinatal Medicine

New Technologies and Perinatal Medicine
Author: Moshe Hod,Vincenzo Berghella,Mary D'Alton,Gian Carlo Di Renzo,Eduard Gratacos,Vassilios Fanos
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 247
Release: 2019-11-21
ISBN 10: 1351783602
ISBN 13: 9781351783606
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Technologies and Perinatal Medicine Book Review:

The potential impact of work being conducted in genomics, proteomics, and metabolomics upon clinical practice for gynecologists is immense but not yet completely appreciated. This groundbreaking text from international experts examines the newest topics on the perinatal agenda and gives clinicians a real look into the future via the newest methodologies.

The Microcosm Within

The Microcosm Within
Author: William B. Miller, Jr.
Publsiher: Universal-Publishers
Total Pages: 573
Release: 2013-12-04
ISBN 10: 1612332773
ISBN 13: 9781612332772
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Microcosm Within Book Review:

You are not what you think you are. New research is transforming how we understand ourselves—from a singular 'self' to a vast cooperative, co-dependent and collaborative network of cellular environments and ecologies—a microcosm within. From this unique perspective, a startling revision of evolutionary theory unfurls. Sharply reasoned and certain to be controversial, The Microcosm Within takes its readers on a sweeping scientific journey that reorganizes our thinking about our biological selves, evolution, and extinction. Darwin has dominated evolution for over a century. But many issues remain puzzling—What is the origin of self-sacrifice? Does natural selection really account for evolution? Why is homosexuality commonplace in the animal kingdom? Why were the arms of Tyrannosaurus Rex so small? Why do some species go extinct yet others endure? The Microcosm Within offers intriguing and profound answers by exploring our extraordinary world of cellular consciousness, connections, and collaboration. Current research has unexpectedly revealed that all cells and microbes have elemental cognition and a previously unappreciated capacity for discrimination and awareness. From these faculties, cooperative natural genetic engineering is enabled; and it is from this starting point that biological complexity evolves. The Microcosm Within illuminates how immunological factors dominate evolution and extinction. Biology and evolutionary theory will never be the same.

Selected Topics in Neonatal Care

Selected Topics in Neonatal Care
Author: René Mauricio Barría
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2018-06-27
ISBN 10: 1789233623
ISBN 13: 9781789233629
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Selected Topics in Neonatal Care Book Review:

Neonatology is one of the areas of greatest development and evolution within pediatrics. The technoscientific advances in this area have led to an increase in the survival of premature infants who sometimes require sophisticated care. However, there is essential care that must be included in all centers that care for high-risk babies. This book includes important topics related to neonatal care grouped into four sections. In 14 chapters that address relevant issues about neonatal care, the book seeks to contribute to the clinical work of the health teams of neonatal units. Specialists in the field of neonatology from different countries have developed these chapters and through them they hope to share part of their experience.

The Good Gut

The Good Gut
Author: Justin Sonnenburg,Erica Sonnenburg
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2015-04-21
ISBN 10: 0698181026
ISBN 13: 9780698181021
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Good Gut Book Review:

The groundbreaking science behind the surprising source of good health Stanford University’s Justin and Erica Sonnenburg are pioneers in the most exciting and potentially transformative field in the entire realm of human health and wellness, the study of the relationship between our bodies and the trillions of organisms representing thousands of species to which our bodies play host, the microbes that we collectively call the microbiota. The microbiota interacts with our bodies in a number of powerful ways; the Sonnenburgs argue that it determines in no small part whether we’re sick or healthy, fit or obese, sunny or moody. The microbiota has always been with us, and in fact has coevolved with humans, entwining its functions with ours so deeply, the Sonnenburgs show us, humans are really composite organisms having both microbial and human parts. But now, they argue, because of changes to diet, antibiotic over-use, and over-sterilization, our gut microbiota is facing a “mass extinction event,” which is causing our bodies to go haywire, and may be behind the mysterious spike in some of our most troubling modern afflictions, from food allergies to autism, cancer to depression. It doesn’t have to be this way. The Good Gut offers a new plan for health that focuses on how to nourish your microbiota, including recipes and a menu plan. In this groundbreaking work, the Sonnenburgs show how we can keep our microbiota off the endangered species list and how we can strengthen the community that inhabits our gut and thereby improve our own health. The answer is unique for each of us, and it changes as you age. In this important and timely investigation, the Sonnenburgs look at safe alternatives to antibiotics; dietary and lifestyle choices to encourage microbial health; the management of the aging microbiota; and the nourishment of your own individual microbiome. Caring for our gut microbes may be the most important health choice we can make.

Epigenetic Epidemiology

Epigenetic Epidemiology
Author: Karin B. Michels
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2012-01-02
ISBN 10: 9400724950
ISBN 13: 9789400724952
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetic Epidemiology Book Review:

The exploding field of epigenetics is challenging the dogma of traditional Mendelian inheritance. Epigenetics plays an important role in shaping who we are and contributes to our prospects of health and disease. While early epigenetic research focused on plant and animal models and in vitro experiments, population-based epidemiologic studies increasingly incorporate epigenetic components. The relevance of epigenetic marks, such as DNA methylation, genomic imprinting, and histone modification for disease causation has yet to be fully explored. This book covers the basic concepts of epigenetic epidemiology, discusses challenges in study design, analysis, and interpretation, epigenetic laboratory techniques, the influence of of age and environmental factors on shaping the epigenome, the role of epigenetics in the developmental origins hypothesis, and provides the state of the art on the epigenetic epidemiology of various health conditions including childhood syndromes, cancer, infectious diseases, inflammation and rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders, psychiatric disorders, diabetes, obesity and metabolic disorders, and atherosclerosis. With contributions from: Peter Jones, Jean-Pierre Issa, Gavin Kelsey, Robert Waterland, and many other experts in epigenetics!

Brain Health From Birth

Brain Health From Birth
Author: Rebecca Fett
Publsiher: Franklin Fox Publishing LLC
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2019-08-28
ISBN 10: 0999676156
ISBN 13: 9780999676158
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain Health From Birth Book Review:

Raising a bright and happy child starts during pregnancy and early infancy, when small changes can have a big impact on brain development. ​ By taking advantage of this golden window of opportunity--when millions of new brain cells are formed every single day--you can help support your child's IQ, language development, memory, attention span, and emotional regulation. Importantly, the same strategies that nurture these cognitive abilities can also help reduce the odds of autism and ADHD, conditions that now impact 1 in 10 children. Brain Health from Birth is your guide to this new scientific frontier, explaining which key nutrients may be missing from your prenatal supplement, how to reduce the odds of preterm birth, what to look for in a formula, how to support your baby's microbiome, and much more. With contributions from leading obstetricians and pediatricians, science writer Rebecca Fett (author of the bestselling fertility book It Starts with the Egg) brings you practical advice you can start applying today, to help your baby thrive.

Maternal Obesity

Maternal Obesity
Author: Matthew W. Gillman,Lucilla Poston
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2012-07-19
ISBN 10: 1107003962
ISBN 13: 9781107003965
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Maternal Obesity Book Review:

Afflicting more than 300 million women across the globe, obesity has profound effects on health during pregnancy and on the wellbeing of the unborn child. In the face of such a challenging pandemic, this book reviews the latest research and provides up-to-date advice on clinical management. Maternal Obesity addresses the adverse effects of obesity among women of childbearing age, including infertility, medical complications, problems in labor, and adverse birth outcomes, and it reviews evidence that the obese mother's in utero environment has long-lasting influences on the health of the developing child. Chapters cover basic, clinical, and population perspectives, providing a range of valuable information from mechanistic insight through to public health and policy implications. Invaluable for obstetricians, gynaecologists, paediatricians, general and family physicians, subspecialists in obstetric and paediatric medicine, midwives, and dietitians, as well as researchers and public health policy makers seeking to tackle the burden of maternal obesity-related illness.

This View of Life

This View of Life
Author: David Sloan Wilson
Publsiher: Vintage
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2020-01-14
ISBN 10: 1101872810
ISBN 13: 9781101872819
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

This View of Life Book Review:

It is widely understood that Charles Darwin's theory of evolution completely revolutionized the study of biology. Yet, according to David Sloan Wilson, the Darwinian revolution won't be truly complete until it is applied more broadly--to everything associated with the words "human," "culture," and "policy." In a series of engaging and insightful examples--from the breeding of hens to the timing of cataract surgeries to the organization of an automobile plant--Wilson shows how an evolutionary worldview provides a practical tool kit for understanding not only genetic evolution but also the fast-paced changes that are having an impact on our world and ourselves. What emerges is an incredibly empowering argument: If we can become wise managers of evolutionary processes, we can solve the problems of our age at all scales--from the efficacy of our groups to our well-being as individuals to our stewardship of the planet Earth.