The Mental Status Examination Handbook

The Mental Status Examination Handbook
Author: Mario F. Mendez
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2021-03
ISBN 10: 9780323694896
ISBN 13: 0323694896
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Mental Status Examination Handbook Book Review:

The ability to effectively assess cognitive and other behavioral functions is an essential skill for neurologists, psychiatrists, geriatricians, nurses, and other clinicians who perform clinic and bedside examinations. Unique in the field, The Mental Status Examination Handbook is a user-friendly, comprehensive resource that provides practical guidance on cognitive assessment, clarifies mental status testing procedures, and assists with decision making for neuropsychological referrals. This detailed manual draws from the full history of behavioral neurology testing, making the complex and challenging area of cognitive assessment accessible for both students and practitioners. Offers guidance on how to choose and perform a large number of mental status tests, with information on selected test materials and normative values. Covers the bedside evaluation of arousal, attention, memory, language, perception, executive abilities, and other cognitive and behavioral areas. Provides an authoritative assessment and compendium of commonly used mental status scales, inventories and questionnaires. Describes relevant correlations with formal neuropsychological testing, neuroimaging, and neuropsychiatric disease. Explains how to weigh, use, and understand mental status scales and neuropsychological instruments. Discusses the meaning of cognitive symptoms and signs, and their neuroanatomical and neuropathological correlations. Enhanced eBook version included with purchase. Your enhanced eBook allows you to access all of the text, figures, and references from the book on a variety of devices.

The Mental Status Exam Explained

The Mental Status Exam Explained
Author: David J. Robinson
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 128
Release: 2002-01-01
ISBN 10: 9781894328258
ISBN 13: 1894328256
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Mental Status Exam Explained Book Review:

The Psychiatric Mental Status Examination

The Psychiatric Mental Status Examination
Author: Paula T. Trzepacz,Robert W. Baker
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 216
Release: 1993-08-19
ISBN 10: 9780198022800
ISBN 13: 0198022808
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Psychiatric Mental Status Examination Book Review:

Developed from years of teaching psychiatry to medical students and residents, this comprehensive text devoted solely to describing the mental status examination (MSE) fills a void in the teaching literature and will be valuable to both students first learning about the MSE and seasoned clinicians seeking an informative reference. The introductory chapter offers basic advice on interviewing patients and eliciting information. Six major sections of the MSE follow and are thoroughly described with a chapter devoted to each: Appearance, Attitude, Activity; Mood and Affect; Speech and Language; Thought Content, Thought Process, and Perception; Cognition; and Insight and Judgment. Each chapter lists a detailed definition of reference for students describing their findings, and are an insightful review even for experienced practitioners. The clinical relevance of mental status abnormalities is illustrated through frequent examples of disorders that can cause the particular signs and symptoms defined in each chapter. A final chapter describing fictional case histories with hypothetical examples of written mental status reports will be particularly useful for those learning to write such reports. This text is an important addition to the libraries of students and practitioners who work with psychiatric patients and should help to simplify and organize a challenging task.

Mental Status Examination

Mental Status Examination
Author: Wes Burgess
Publsiher: Createspace Independent Pub
Total Pages: 206
Release: 2013-04-02
ISBN 10: 9781482552959
ISBN 13: 1482552957
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mental Status Examination Book Review:

Contains case studies.

Interview Guide for Evaluating DSM-IV Psychiatric Disorders and the Mental Status Examination

Interview Guide for Evaluating DSM-IV Psychiatric Disorders and the Mental Status Examination
Author: Mark Zimmerman
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 142
Release: 1994-01-01
ISBN 10: 9780963382139
ISBN 13: 0963382136
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interview Guide for Evaluating DSM-IV Psychiatric Disorders and the Mental Status Examination Book Review:

Handbook of Psychological Assessment

Handbook of Psychological Assessment
Author: Gary Groth-Marnat
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 768
Release: 2009-10-20
ISBN 10: 9780470592137
ISBN 13: 0470592133
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Psychological Assessment Book Review:

The most highly acclaimed and complete reference work on psychological assessment-fully updated and expanded Covering principles of assessment, evaluation, referral, treatment planning, and report writing, the latest edition of Gary Groth-Marnat's landmark Handbook of Psychological Assessment has been thoroughly revised and expanded. Written in a practical, skills-based manner, this classic resource offers coverage of the most widely used assessment instruments and has been updated to include new material and cover tests that are growing in popularity, such as brief assessment instruments. Handbook of Psychological Assessment also provides guidance on the most efficient methods for selecting and administering tests, how to interpret assessment data, and how to integrate test scores and develop treatment plans as well as instruction on ways in which to write effective, client-oriented, problem-solving psychological reports. The Fifth Edition provides thorough coverage of the most commonly used assessment instruments including the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Fourth Edition (WAIS-IV), Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Fourth Edition (WISC-IV), Wechsler Memory Scale-Fourth Edition (WMS-IV), Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2), California Psychology Inventory (CPI), Rorschach, Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III (MCMI-III), Thematic Apperception Test, Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), brief assessment instruments, clinical interviewing, and behavioral assessment. In addition, this Fifth Edition includes: Updates on the new WAIS-IV, WISC-IV, and WMS-IV An increased emphasis on diversity A focus on screening for neuropsychological impairment, including coverage of the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) Coverage of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2-Restructured Form New information on client feedback and consultation An updated chapter on psychological report writing, including new examples of psychological reports Organized according to the sequence mental health professionals follow when conducting an assessment, Handbook of Psychological Assessment, Fifth Edition is a practical, valuable reference for professionals looking to stay current as well as for students looking for the most thorough and trusted resource covering the field of psychological assessment.

Handbook of Health Social Work

Handbook of Health Social Work
Author: Sarah Gehlert,Teri Browne
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 650
Release: 2006-03-20
ISBN 10: 0471758884
ISBN 13: 9780471758884
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Health Social Work Book Review:

The Handbook of Health Social Work provides a comprehensive and evidence-based overview of contemporary social work practice in health care. Written from a wellness perspective, the chapters cover the spectrum of health social work settings with contributions from a wide range of experts. The resulting resource offers both a foundation for social work practice in health care and a guide for strategy, policy, and program development in proactive and actionable terms. Three sections present the material: The Foundations of Social Work in Health Care provides information that is basic and central to the operations of social workers in health care, including conceptual underpinnings; the development of the profession; the wide array of roles performed by social workers in health care settings; ethical issues and decision - making in a variety of arenas; public health and social work; health policy and social work; and the understanding of community factors in health social work. Health Social Work Practice: A Spectrum of Critical Considerations delves into critical practice issues such as theories of health behavior; assessment; effective communication with both clients and other members of health care teams; intersections between health and mental health; the effects of religion and spirituality on health care; family and health; sexuality in health care; and substance abuse. Health Social Work: Selected Areas of Practice presents a range of examples of social work practice, including settings that involve older adults; nephrology; oncology; chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and HIV/AIDS; genetics; end of life care; pain management and palliative care; and alternative treatments and traditional healers. The first book of its kind to unite the entire body of health social work knowledge, the Handbook of Health Social Work is a must-read for social work educators, administrators, students, and practitioners.

The Maudsley Handbook of Practical Psychiatry

The Maudsley Handbook of Practical Psychiatry
Author: Gareth Owen,Simon Wessely,Robin Murray
Publsiher: OUP Oxford
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2014-09-11
ISBN 10: 0191017825
ISBN 13: 9780191017827
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Maudsley Handbook of Practical Psychiatry Book Review:

The Maudsley Handbook of Practical Psychiatry has long served trainees in psychiatry, presenting them with practical and essential advice. This new edition of the orange book provides guidance on the psychiatric and neuropsychiatric examination and interviewing of adults and childrennot just as a central skill, but as the basis for reaching a diagnosis, formulation and defining a treatment plan. It covers special interview situations, such as dealing with specific patient reactions, and other special problems, for example, conducting a complicated assessment in cases of self-harm. The book concludes with important legal issues and is supported by helpful appendices for ready-reference. As with previous editions, this sixth edition has been revised and rewritten with the full and active involvement of a group of consultant psychiatrists and trainees, making it a highly relevant and practical handbook for all psychiatrists whether learning or refreshing their skills.

A Guide to Psychiatric Examination

A Guide to Psychiatric Examination
Author: Carmelo Aquilina,James Warner
Publsiher: PasTest Ltd
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9781904627142
ISBN 13: 1904627145
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

A Guide to Psychiatric Examination Book Review:

For medical students, trainee psychiatrists, general practitioners, psychiatric nurses, social workers and occupational therapists, this book is designed as a reference for new practitioners and a study guide for students.

Seidel's Physical Examination Handbook - E-Book

Seidel's Physical Examination Handbook - E-Book
Author: Jane W. Ball,Joyce E. Dains,John A. Flynn,Barry S. Solomon,Rosalyn W. Stewart
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2014-09-05
ISBN 10: 0323172210
ISBN 13: 9780323172219
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Seidel's Physical Examination Handbook - E-Book Book Review:

Be prepared in any clinical setting with this portable, full-color, illustrated guide. Examination tables and Aids to Differential Diagnosis tables provide easy access to the physical exam in a two-column format for each system exam. Key information includes differential diagnosis tips, pediatric variations, sample documentation, and other helpful assessment data for quick reference. Separate chapters cover age-specific exams for infants, children, adolescents, and older adults, the healthy female evaluation, as well as reporting and documenting findings for computerized charting. Examination tables offer quick and reliable reference to key exam steps and what to expect. Aids to Differential Diagnosis tables summarize distinguishing characteristics of abnormalities, furnishing you with clues for identifying characteristic symptoms and diagnosing patient problems. Sample Documentation sections at the end of system chapters promote concise yet thorough patient charting for each system exam. Equipment Lists, indicating needed items in preparation for each system exam, facilitate efficiency in the practice setting. Color-coded Pediatric Variations tables provide a resource on differences in findings and developmental considerations for pediatric patients. Updated Computerized Charting content reflects the shift to electronic charting in clinical practice and equips you with a current resource on what and how to chart patient data. Over 200 full-color illustrations on anatomy and physiology, exam procedures, and normal and abnormal findings offer a visual reference to performing exams and anticipated and unanticipated findings in this highly visual field. NEW! Updated Content throughout the book reflects the latest research and evidence-based practice to supply you with a best-practice approach to the physical exam. NEW! Vital Signs and Pain Assessment chapter groups important foundational and frequently-used tasks together for easy reference. NEW! Age-Specific Examination: Special Populations and Older Adults chapter makes it easy to locate specific variations in assessment for older adults with special needs.

The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines for the Psychiatric Evaluation of Adults, Third Edition

The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines for the Psychiatric Evaluation of Adults, Third Edition
Author: American Psychiatric Association
Publsiher: American Psychiatric Pub
Total Pages: 170
Release: 2015-07-29
ISBN 10: 0890424659
ISBN 13: 9780890424650
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines for the Psychiatric Evaluation of Adults, Third Edition Book Review:

Since the publication of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) report Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust in 2011, there has been an increasing emphasis on assuring that clinical practice guidelines are trustworthy, developed in a transparent fashion, and based on a systematic review of the available research evidence. To align with the IOM recommendations and to meet the new requirements for inclusion of a guideline in the National Guidelines Clearinghouse of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), American Psychiatric Association (APA) has adopted a new process for practice guideline development. Under this new process APA's practice guidelines also seek to provide better clinical utility and usability. Rather than a broad overview of treatment for a disorder, new practice guidelines focus on a set of discrete clinical questions of relevance to an overarching subject area. A systematic review of evidence is conducted to address these clinical questions and involves a detailed assessment of individual studies. The quality of the overall body of evidence is also rated and is summarized in the practice guideline. With the new process, recommendations are determined by weighing potential benefits and harms of an intervention in a specific clinical context. Clear, concise, and actionable recommendation statements help clinicians to incorporate recommendations into clinical practice, with the goal of improving quality of care. The new practice guideline format is also designed to be more user friendly by dividing information into modules on specific clinical questions. Each module has a consistent organization, which will assist users in finding clinically useful and relevant information quickly and easily. This new edition of the practice guidelines on psychiatric evaluation for adults is the first set of the APA's guidelines developed under the new guideline development process. These guidelines address the following nine topics, in the context of an initial psychiatric evaluation: review of psychiatric symptoms, trauma history, and treatment history; substance use assessment; assessment of suicide risk; assessment for risk of aggressive behaviors; assessment of cultural factors; assessment of medical health; quantitative assessment; involvement of the patient in treatment decision making; and documentation of the psychiatric evaluation. Each guideline recommends or suggests topics to include during an initial psychiatric evaluation. Findings from an expert opinion survey have also been taken into consideration in making recommendations or suggestions. In addition to reviewing the available evidence on psychiatry evaluation, each guideline also provides guidance to clinicians on implementing these recommendations to enhance patient care.

Mosby's Physical Examination Handbook - E-Book

Mosby's Physical Examination Handbook - E-Book
Author: Henry M. Seidel,Jane W. Ball,Joyce E. Dains,Barry S. Solomon,John A. Flynn,Rosalyn W. Stewart
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2010-03-04
ISBN 10: 0323078435
ISBN 13: 9780323078436
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mosby's Physical Examination Handbook - E-Book Book Review:

Be prepared in any clinical setting with this portable, full-color, illustrated guide. Key information includes differential diagnosis tips, pediatric variations, sample documentation, and other helpful assessment data for quick reference. Separate chapters cover age-specific exams for infants, children, and adolescents, the healthy female evaluation, and reporting and documenting findings. The two-column format featuring Exam Techniques, Expected Findings, and Unexpected Findings provides quick and reliable reference to key exam steps. Over 250 full-color figures depicting anatomy and physiology, exam procedures, and normal and abnormal findings offer a visual guide to performing exams. Documentation examples promote concise yet thorough patient charting for each system exam. Aids to Differential Diagnosis Tables summarize distinguishing characteristics of abnormalities, making it easier to identify patients’ symptoms. Lists of the equipment required in preparation for each system exam facilitate efficiency in the practice setting. Color-coded tables highlight pediatric variations and provide quick-reference coverage of developmental considerations specific to pediatric patients. Updates throughout reflect the latest research and evidence-based practice findings on all aspects of the physical exam. New content on electronic charting reflects the shift to electronic medical records in clinical practice and offers a current resource on what and how to chart. An updated drug table provides a list of physical findings potentially related to common classes of drugs.

Exam Prep for: Handbook of Mental Status Testing

Exam Prep for: Handbook of Mental Status Testing
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release:
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13:
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Exam Prep for: Handbook of Mental Status Testing Book Review:

Handbook of Emergency Psychiatry

Handbook of Emergency Psychiatry
Author: Jorge Petit
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9780781743822
ISBN 13: 0781743826
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Emergency Psychiatry Book Review:

This handbook is a practical, quick-reference guide to the evaluation and management of acute psychiatric symptoms seen in emergency departments and inpatient psychiatric and medical-surgical units. The book presents a step-by-step approach to each symptom, beginning with a list of questions necessary for initial assessment and proceeding to psychopharmacologic interventions, DSM-IV-TR criteria, differential diagnosis, and disposition guidelines. Additional chapters address safety concerns, the mental status examination, use of restraints and seclusion, child and elder abuse, and special needs of children, adolescents, geriatric patients, mentally retarded individuals, and patients with HIV. A chapter on legal and forensic issues is also included.

Handbook of Research on Medical Interpreting

Handbook of Research on Medical Interpreting
Author: Izabel Emilia Telles de Vasconcelos Souza,Effrossyni Fragkou
Publsiher: Medical Information Science Reference
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2019-10
ISBN 10: 9781522593089
ISBN 13: 152259308X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Research on Medical Interpreting Book Review:

"This book examines the field of medical interpreting. It also provides a holistic view on medical interpreting and addresses the educational, ethical, pedagogical, and specialized aspects of medical interpreting"--Provided by publisher.

Handbook of Clinical Rating Scales and Assessment in Psychiatry and Mental Health

Handbook of Clinical Rating Scales and Assessment in Psychiatry and Mental Health
Author: Lee Baer,Mark A. Blais
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2009-10-03
ISBN 10: 9781597453875
ISBN 13: 1597453870
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Clinical Rating Scales and Assessment in Psychiatry and Mental Health Book Review:

Psychiatric clinicians should use rating scales and questionnaires often, for they not only facilitate targeted diagnoses and treatment; they also facilitate links to empirical literature and systematize the entire process of management. Clinically oriented and highly practical, the Handbook of Clinical Rating Scales and Assessment in Psychiatry and Mental Health is an ideal tool for the busy psychiatrist, clinical psychologist, family physician, or social worker. In this ground-breaking text, leading researchers provide reviews of the most commonly used outcome and screening measures for the major psychiatric diagnoses and treatment scenarios. The full range of psychiatric disorders are covered in brief but thorough chapters, each of which provides a concise review of measurement issues related to the relevant condition, along with recommendations on which dimensions to measure – and when. The Handbook also includes ready-to-photocopy versions of the most popular, valid, and reliable scales and checklists, along with scoring keys and links to websites containing on-line versions. Moreover, the Handbook describes well known, structured, diagnostic interviews and the specialized training requirements for each. It also includes details of popular psychological tests (such as neuropsychological, personality, and projective tests), along with practical guidelines on when to request psychological testing, how to discuss the case with the assessment consultant and how to integrate information from the final testing report into treatment. Focused and immensely useful, the Handbook of Clinical Rating Scales and Assessment in Psychiatry and Mental Health is an invaluable resource for all clinicians who care for patients with psychiatric disorders.

Handbook of Clinical Behavior Therapy with the Elderly Client

Handbook of Clinical Behavior Therapy with the Elderly Client
Author: Patricia A. Wisocki
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 510
Release: 1991-04-30
ISBN 10: 9780306437564
ISBN 13: 0306437562
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Clinical Behavior Therapy with the Elderly Client Book Review:

Although we speak of "the elderly" as if there were one body of people with common characteristics, older adults are more heterogeneous than any other popu lation. People over the age of 65 are also the fastest-growing segment of the population in the United States, currently numbering 25 million. The majority of older adults reside in their communities; a small fraction of them are cared for in institutions. Most may expect to experience some kind of physical impairment. Approximately a quarter of the population may expect to suffer amental health impairment. While traditional therapies have not been especially effective for older adults, behavior therapy has shown exceptional promise as a treatment modality. This book presents a comprehensive explication of the relatively new field of behavioral gerontology. It was written for the clinician interested in the interaction of medical, environmental, and psychological variables and their effects on treatment of elderly clients and for the researcher who will be looking to extend knowledge about interventions with this population. It will be useful for the graduate student in clinical psychology, as weIl as the experienced clinician, who will want to include the elderly in his or her therapeutic population.

Handbook of Multicultural Mental Health

Handbook of Multicultural Mental Health
Author: Freddy A. Paniagua,Ann-Marie Yamada
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 660
Release: 2013-07-19
ISBN 10: 0123978122
ISBN 13: 9780123978127
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Multicultural Mental Health Book Review:

The Handbook of Multicultural Mental Health, Second Edition, discusses the impact of cultural, ethnic, and racial variables for the assessment, diagnosis, treatment, service delivery, and development of skills for working with culturally diverse populations. Intended for the mental health practitioner, the book translates research findings into information to be applied in practice. The new edition contains more than 50% new material and includes contributions from established leaders in the field as well as voices from rising stars in the area. It recognizes diversity as extending beyond race and ethnicity to reflect characteristics or experiences related to gender, age, religion, disability, and socioeconomic status. Individuals are viewed as complex and shaped by different intersections and saliencies of multiple elements of diversity. Chapters have been wholly revised and updated, and new coverage includes indigenous approaches to assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of mental and physical disorders; spirituality; the therapeutic needs of culturally diverse clients with intellectual, developmental, and physical disabilities; suicide among racial and ethnic groups; multicultural considerations for treatment of military personnel and multicultural curriculum and training. Foundations-overview of theory and models Specialized assessment in a multicultural context Assessing and treating four major culturally diverse groups in clinical settings Assessing and treating other culturally diverse groups in clinical settings Specific conditions/presenting problems in a cultural context Multicultural competence in clinical settings

Oxford American Handbook of Clinical Examination and Practical Skills

Oxford American Handbook of Clinical Examination and Practical Skills
Author: Elizabeth Burns,Kenneth Korn,James Whyte IV
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 720
Release: 2011-06-03
ISBN 10: 019983203X
ISBN 13: 9780199832033
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oxford American Handbook of Clinical Examination and Practical Skills Book Review:

The Oxford American Handbook of Clinical Examination and Practical Skills is a comprehensive pocket guide for medical, physician assistant, and nurse practitioner students. It is designed to help students transition from classroom to clinical internships, preceptorships, and clerkships. Providing clear and user-friendly guidance on all aspects of history taking, physical examination, common practical procedures, data interpretation and communication skills, it gives realistic advice on coping with and mastering common situations. Each systems chapter follows a structured format covering applied anatomy, history, examination, and the presentation of common and important disorders. The procedures section includes approximately forty practical procedures that the final year medical student and senior nurse are expected to perform. The section on data interpretation covers the basics of chest x-rays, abdominal x-rays, ECGs, lung function tests and several other areas that the student is expected to carry out in their early years of training.

Handbook of Clinical Health Psychology

Handbook of Clinical Health Psychology
Author: C. Green,R. Meagher,T. Millon
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461334128
ISBN 13: 9781461334125
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Clinical Health Psychology Book Review:

We seek to throw down the gauntlet with this handbook, challenging the he gemony of the "behavioral medicine" approach to the psychological study and treatment of the physically ill. This volume is not another in that growing surfeit oftexts that pledge allegiance to the doctrinaire purity of behavioristic thinking, or conceptualize their subject in accord with the sterility of medical models. Diseases are not our focus, nor is the narrow band of behavioral assessment and therapy methodologies. Rather, we have sought to redefine this amorphous, yet burgeoning field so as to place it squarely within the province of a broadly-based psychology-specifically, the emerging, substantive discipline of health psy chology and the well-established professionalism and diverse technologies of clinical psychology. The handbook's title-Clinical Health Psychology-reflects this reorientation explicitly, and Chapter 1 addresses its themes and provides its justifications more fully. In the process of developing a relevant and comprehensive health assess ment tool, the editors were struck by the failure of clinical psychologists to avail themselves of the rich vein of materials that comprise the psychosocial world of the physically ill. Perhaps more dismaying was the observation that this field was being mined-less than optimally-by physicians and nonclinical psychologists.