The Many Valued and Nonmonotonic Turn in Logic

The Many Valued and Nonmonotonic Turn in Logic
Author: Dov M. Gabbay,John Woods
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 690
Release: 2007-08-13
ISBN 10: 9780080549392
ISBN 13: 008054939X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Many Valued and Nonmonotonic Turn in Logic Book Review:

The present volume of the Handbook of the History of Logic brings together two of the most important developments in 20th century non-classical logic. These are many-valuedness and non-monotonicity. On the one approach, in deference to vagueness, temporal or quantum indeterminacy or reference-failure, sentences that are classically non-bivalent are allowed as inputs and outputs to consequence relations. Many-valued, dialetheic, fuzzy and quantum logics are, among other things, principled attempts to regulate the flow-through of sentences that are neither true nor false. On the second, or non-monotonic, approach, constraints are placed on inputs (and sometimes on outputs) of a classical consequence relation, with a view to producing a notion of consequence that serves in a more realistic way the requirements of real-life inference. Many-valued logics produce an interesting problem. Non-bivalent inputs produce classically valid consequence statements, for any choice of outputs. A major task of many-valued logics of all stripes is to fashion an appropriately non-classical relation of consequence. The chief preoccupation of non-monotonic (and default) logicians is how to constrain inputs and outputs of the consequence relation. In what is called “left non-monotonicity , it is forbidden to add new sentences to the inputs of true consequence-statements. The restriction takes notice of the fact that new information will sometimes override an antecedently (and reasonably) derived consequence. In what is called “right non-monotonicity , limitations are imposed on outputs of the consequence relation. Most notably, perhaps, is the requirement that the rule of or-introduction not be given free sway on outputs. Also prominent is the effort of paraconsistent logicians, both preservationist and dialetheic, to limit the outputs of inconsistent inputs, which in classical contexts are wholly unconstrained. In some instances, our two themes coincide. Dialetheic logics are a case in point. Dialetheic logics allow certain selected sentences to have, as a third truth value, the classical values of truth and falsity together. So such logics also admit classically inconsistent inputs. A central task is to construct a right non-monotonic consequence relation that allows for these many-valued, and inconsistent, inputs. The Many Valued and Non-Monotonic Turn in Logic is an indispensable research tool for anyone interested in the development of logic, including researchers, graduate and senior undergraduate students in logic, history of logic, mathematics, history of mathematics, computer science, AI, linguistics, cognitive science, argumentation theory, and the history of ideas. Detailed and comprehensive chapters covering the entire range of modal logic. Contains the latest scholarly discoveries and interprative insights that answers many questions in the field of logic.

Handbook of the History of Logic The many valued and nonmonotonic turn in logic

Handbook of the History of Logic  The many valued and nonmonotonic turn in logic
Author: Dov M. Gabbay,John Hayden Woods
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2004
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: LCCN:2004040424
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of the History of Logic The many valued and nonmonotonic turn in logic Book Review:

Pluralism Transnationalism and Culture in Asian Law

Pluralism  Transnationalism and Culture in Asian Law
Author: Gary F Bell
Publsiher: Flipside Digital Content Company Inc.
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2018-02-14
ISBN 10: 9814786675
ISBN 13: 9789814786676
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pluralism Transnationalism and Culture in Asian Law Book Review:

This book stems from a symposium held at the Faculty of Law of the National University of Singapore in honour of the pioneer in the field of legal pluralism, Professor M.B. Hooker. It gathers essays from admirers and friends who add their own contributions on legal pluralism, transnationalism and culture in Asia. The book opens with an account of M.B. Hooker colourful and prolific career. The authors then approach legal pluralism through legal theory, legal anthropology, comparative law, law and religion, constitutional law, even Islamic art, thus reflecting the broad approaches of Professor Hooker's scholarship. While most of the book focuses mainly on Southeast Asia, it also reaches out to all of Asia up to Israel, and even includes a chapter comparing Indonesia and Egypt.

Deductive Systems in Traditional and Modern Logic

Deductive Systems in Traditional and Modern Logic
Author: Alex Citkin,UrszulaWybraniec-Skardowska
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2020-11-18
ISBN 10: 303943358X
ISBN 13: 9783039433582
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Deductive Systems in Traditional and Modern Logic Book Review:

The book provides a contemporary view on different aspects of the deductive systems in various types of logics including term logics, propositional logics, logics of refutation, non-Fregean logics, higher order logics and arithmetic.

Logic from Russell to Church

Logic from Russell to Church
Author: Dov M. Gabbay,John Woods
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1068
Release: 2009-06-16
ISBN 10: 0080885470
ISBN 13: 9780080885476
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Logic from Russell to Church Book Review:

This volume is number five in the 11-volume Handbook of the History of Logic. It covers the first 50 years of the development of mathematical logic in the 20th century, and concentrates on the achievements of the great names of the period--Russell, Post, Gödel, Tarski, Church, and the like. This was the period in which mathematical logic gave mature expression to its four main parts: set theory, model theory, proof theory and recursion theory. Collectively, this work ranks as one of the greatest achievements of our intellectual history. Written by leading researchers in the field, both this volume and the Handbook as a whole are definitive reference tools for senior undergraduates, graduate students and researchers in the history of logic, the history of philosophy, and any discipline, such as mathematics, computer science, and artificial intelligence, for whom the historical background of his or her work is a salient consideration. • The entire range of modal logic is covered • Serves as a singular contribution to the intellectual history of the 20th century • Contains the latest scholarly discoveries and interpretative insights

Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning

Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning
Author: Thomas Eiter,Wolfgang Faber,Miroslaw Trusczynksi
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 454
Release: 2003-08-06
ISBN 10: 3540454020
ISBN 13: 9783540454021
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning Book Review:

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Logic Programming and Nonmonotonic Reasoning, LPNMR 2001, held in Vienna, Austria in September 2001. The 22 revised full papers and eleven system descriptions presented with five invited papers were carefully reviewed and rigorously selected. Among the topics addressed are computational logic, declarative information extraction, model checking, inductive logic programming, default theories, stable logic programming, program semantics, incomplete information processing, concept learning, declarative specification, Prolog programming, many-valued logics, etc.

Handbook of the History of Logic

Handbook of the History of Logic
Author: Dov M. Gabbay,John Woods
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2004
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015070698983
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of the History of Logic Book Review:

Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Author: Donald M. Borchert
Publsiher: Thomson Gale/MacMillan Reference USA
Total Pages: 742
Release: 2006
ISBN 10: 9780028657851
ISBN 13: 0028657853
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Philosophy Book Review:

This volume, covering entries from "Kabbalah" to "Marxist philosophy," presents articles on Eastern and Western philosophies, medical and scientific ethics, the Holocaust, terrorism, censorship, biographical entries, and much more.

Hyperbolic Systems of Conservation Laws

Hyperbolic Systems of Conservation Laws
Author: Philippe G. LeFloch
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2002-07-01
ISBN 10: 9783764366872
ISBN 13: 3764366877
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hyperbolic Systems of Conservation Laws Book Review:

This book examines the well-posedness theory for nonlinear hyperbolic systems of conservation laws, recently completed by the author together with his collaborators. It covers the existence, uniqueness, and continuous dependence of classical entropy solutions. It also introduces the reader to the developing theory of nonclassical (undercompressive) entropy solutions. The systems of partial differential equations under consideration arise in many areas of continuum physics.

Mathematical Reviews

Mathematical Reviews
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2008
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015082440879
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mathematical Reviews Book Review:

Non Monotonic Extensions of Logic Programming

Non Monotonic Extensions of Logic Programming
Author: Jurgen Dix,Louis M. Pereira,Teodor C. Przymusinski
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 229
Release: 1995-06-20
ISBN 10: 9783540594673
ISBN 13: 3540594671
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Non Monotonic Extensions of Logic Programming Book Review:

This volume is based on papers presented during the ICLP '94 Workshop on Nonmonotonic Extensions of Logic Programming and on papers solicited afterwards from key researchers participating in the workshop. In total 10 carefully refereed, revised, full research papers on semantics and computational aspects of logic programs are included. Logic programs rely on a nonmonotonic operator often referred to as negation by failure or negation by default. The nonmonoticity of this operator allows to apply results from the area of nonmonotonic theories to the investigation of logic programs (and vice versa). This volume is devoted to the interdependence of nonmonotonic formalisms and logic programming.

Fundamenta Informaticae

Fundamenta Informaticae
Author: Polskie Towarzystwo Matematyczne
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2002
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015048091816
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamenta Informaticae Book Review:

Non Monotonic Extensions of Logic Programming

Non Monotonic Extensions of Logic Programming
Author: Germany) NMELP'96 (2nd : 1996 : Bad Honnef,Juergen Dix,Luis Moniz Pereira,Teodor C. Przymusinski
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 224
Release: 1997-04-09
ISBN 10: 9783540628439
ISBN 13: 3540628436
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Non Monotonic Extensions of Logic Programming Book Review:

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-workshop proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Non-Monotonic Extensions of Logic Programming, NMELP '96, held in Bad Honnef, Germany, in September 1996. The nine full papers presented in the volume in revised version were carefully reviewed and selected from a total of 18 submissions; the set of papers addresses theoretical, applicational and implementational issues and reflects the current state of the art in the area of non-monotonic extensions of logic programming. An introductory survey by the volume editors entitled "Prolegomena to Logic Programming for Non-Monotonic Reasoning" deserves special mentioning; it contains a bibliography listing 136 entries.

Lattice Valued Logic

Lattice Valued Logic
Author: Yang Xu,Da Ruan,Jun Liu,Keyun Qin
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2003-07-15
ISBN 10: 9783540401759
ISBN 13: 354040175X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Lattice Valued Logic Book Review:

Lattice-valued Logic aims at establishing the logical foundation for uncertain information processing routinely performed by humans and artificial intelligence systems. In this textbook for the first time a general introduction on lattice-valued logic is given. It systematically summarizes research from the basic notions up to recent results on lattice implication algebras, lattice-valued logic systems based on lattice implication algebras, as well as the corresponding reasoning theories and methods. The book provides the suitable theoretical logical background of lattice-valued logic systems and supports newly designed intelligent uncertain-information-processing systems and a wide spectrum of intelligent learning tasks.

Proof Theory for Fuzzy Logics

Proof Theory for Fuzzy Logics
Author: George Metcalfe,Nicola Olivetti,Dov M. Gabbay
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 276
Release: 2008-11-27
ISBN 10: 1402094094
ISBN 13: 9781402094095
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proof Theory for Fuzzy Logics Book Review:

Fuzzy logics are many-valued logics that are well suited to reasoning in the context of vagueness. They provide the basis for the wider field of Fuzzy Logic, encompassing diverse areas such as fuzzy control, fuzzy databases, and fuzzy mathematics. This book provides an accessible and up-to-date introduction to this fast-growing and increasingly popular area. It focuses in particular on the development and applications of "proof-theoretic" presentations of fuzzy logics; the result of more than ten years of intensive work by researchers in the area, including the authors. In addition to providing alternative elegant presentations of fuzzy logics, proof-theoretic methods are useful for addressing theoretical problems (including key standard completeness results) and developing efficient deduction and decision algorithms. Proof-theoretic presentations also place fuzzy logics in the broader landscape of non-classical logics, revealing deep relations with other logics studied in Computer Science, Mathematics, and Philosophy. The book builds methodically from the semantic origins of fuzzy logics to proof-theoretic presentations such as Hilbert and Gentzen systems, introducing both theoretical and practical applications of these presentations.

Greek Indian and Arabic Logic

Greek  Indian and Arabic Logic
Author: Dov M. Gabbay,John Woods
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 628
Release: 2004-02-06
ISBN 10: 9780080532868
ISBN 13: 0080532861
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Greek Indian and Arabic Logic Book Review:

Greek, Indian and Arabic Logic marks the initial appearance of the multi-volume Handbook of the History of Logic. Additional volumes will be published when ready, rather than in strict chronological order. Soon to appear are The Rise of Modern Logic: From Leibniz to Frege. Also in preparation are Logic From Russell to Gödel, Logic and the Modalities in the Twentieth Century, and The Many-Valued and Non-Monotonic Turn in Logic. Further volumes will follow, including Mediaeval and Renaissance Logic and Logic: A History of its Central. In designing the Handbook of the History of Logic, the Editors have taken the view that the history of logic holds more than an antiquarian interest, and that a knowledge of logic's rich and sophisticated development is, in various respects, relevant to the research programmes of the present day. Ancient logic is no exception. The present volume attests to the distant origins of some of modern logic's most important features, such as can be found in the claim by the authors of the chapter on Aristotle's early logic that, from its infancy, the theory of the syllogism is an example of an intuitionistic, non-monotonic, relevantly paraconsistent logic. Similarly, in addition to its comparative earliness, what is striking about the best of the Megarian and Stoic traditions is their sophistication and originality. Logic is an indispensably important pivot of the Western intellectual tradition. But, as the chapters on Indian and Arabic logic make clear, logic's parentage extends more widely than any direct line from the Greek city states. It is hardly surprising, therefore, that for centuries logic has been an unfetteredly international enterprise, whose research programmes reach to every corner of the learned world. Like its companion volumes, Greek, Indian and Arabic Logic is the result of a design that gives to its distinguished authors as much space as would be needed to produce highly authoritative chapters, rich in detail and interpretative reach. The aim of the Editors is to have placed before the relevant intellectual communities a research tool of indispensable value. Together with the other volumes, Greek, Indian and Arabic Logic, will be essential reading for everyone with a curiosity about logic's long development, especially researchers, graduate and senior undergraduate students in logic in all its forms, argumentation theory, AI and computer science, cognitive psychology and neuroscience, linguistics, forensics, philosophy and the history of philosophy, and the history of ideas.

Flexible Query Answering Systems

Flexible Query Answering Systems
Author: FQAS 2002
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 386
Release: 2002-10-14
ISBN 10: 3540000747
ISBN 13: 9783540000747
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Flexible Query Answering Systems Book Review:

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Flexible Query Answering Systems, FQAS 2002, held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in October 2002. The 29 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the proceedings. Among the fields covered are database management, information retrieval, domain modeling, knowledge representation and ontologies, knowledge discovery and data mining, artificial intelligence, classical and nonclassical logics, computational linguistics, natural language processing, multimedia information systems, and human-computer interaction.

Logic Programming and Non monotonic Reasoning

Logic Programming and Non monotonic Reasoning
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2004
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015047965663
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Logic Programming and Non monotonic Reasoning Book Review:

25th International Symposium on Multiple Valued Logic May 23 25 1995 Bloomington Indiana

25th International Symposium on Multiple Valued Logic  May 23 25  1995  Bloomington  Indiana
Author: International Symposium on Multiple Valued Logic
Publsiher: IEEE Computer Society
Total Pages: 296
Release: 1995
ISBN 10: 9780818671180
ISBN 13: 0818671181
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

25th International Symposium on Multiple Valued Logic May 23 25 1995 Bloomington Indiana Book Review:

The proceedings of ISMVL'95, held in May 1995, comprise invited lectures on gaggle theory, quantum multiple-valued circuits, and multiple-valued function design, and contributed papers in a variety of areas such as classical and quantum circuit design, fuzzy logic, algebra and logic, logic design and synthesis, and applications of multiple-valued logic such as genetic algorithms and neural synthesis. No index. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.

Non monotonic Extensions of Logic Programming

Non monotonic Extensions of Logic Programming
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1996
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015040312871
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Non monotonic Extensions of Logic Programming Book Review: