The Evolutionary Biology of Extinct and Extant Organisms

The Evolutionary Biology of Extinct and Extant Organisms
Author: Subir Ranjan Kundu
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2020-11-15
ISBN 10: 9780128226551
ISBN 13: 0128226552
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Evolutionary Biology of Extinct and Extant Organisms Book Review:

The Evolutionary Biology of Extinct and Extant Organisms offers a thorough and detailed narration of the journey of biological evolution and its major transitional links to the biological world, which began with paleontological exploration of extinct organisms and now carries on with reviews of phylogenomic footprint reviews of extant, living fossils. This book moves through the defining evolutionary stepping stones starting with the evolutionary changes in prokaryotic, aquatic organisms over 4 billion years ago to the emergence of the modern human species in Earth's Anthropocene. The book begins with an overview of the processes of evolutionary fitness, the epicenter of the principles of evolutionary biology. Whether through natural or experimental occurrence, evolutionary fitness has been found to be the cardinal instance of evolutionary links in an organism between its ancestral and contemporary states. The book then goes on to detail evolutionary trails and lineages of groups of organisms including mammalians, reptilians, and various fish. The final section of the book provides a look back at the evolutionary journey of "nonliving" or extinct organisms, versus the modern-day transition to "living" or extant organisms. The Evolutionary Biology of Extinct and Extant Organisms is the ideal resource for any researcher or advanced student in evolutionary studies, ranging from evolutionary biology to general life sciences. Provides an updated compendium of evolution research history Details the evolution trails of organisms, including mammals, reptiles, arthropods, annelids, mollusks, protozoa, and more Offers an accessible and easy-to-read presentation of complex, in-depth evolutionary biology facts and theories

Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science

Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science
Author: National Academy of Sciences,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Science Education,Working Group on Teaching Evolution
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 150
Release: 1998-04-06
ISBN 10: 9780309185417
ISBN 13: 0309185416
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science Book Review:

Today many school students are shielded from one of the most important concepts in modern science: evolution. In engaging and conversational style, Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science provides a well-structured framework for understanding and teaching evolution. Written for teachers, parents, and community officials as well as scientists and educators, this book describes how evolution reveals both the great diversity and similarity among the Earth's organisms; it explores how scientists approach the question of evolution; and it illustrates the nature of science as a way of knowing about the natural world. In addition, the book provides answers to frequently asked questions to help readers understand many of the issues and misconceptions about evolution. The book includes sample activities for teaching about evolution and the nature of science. For example, the book includes activities that investigate fossil footprints and population growth that teachers of science can use to introduce principles of evolution. Background information, materials, and step-by-step presentations are provided for each activity. In addition, this volume: Presents the evidence for evolution, including how evolution can be observed today. Explains the nature of science through a variety of examples. Describes how science differs from other human endeavors and why evolution is one of the best avenues for helping students understand this distinction. Answers frequently asked questions about evolution. Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science builds on the 1996 National Science Education Standards released by the National Research Council--and offers detailed guidance on how to evaluate and choose instructional materials that support the standards. Comprehensive and practical, this book brings one of today's educational challenges into focus in a balanced and reasoned discussion. It will be of special interest to teachers of science, school administrators, and interested members of the community.

Science and Creationism

Science and Creationism
Author: National Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 35
Release: 1999
ISBN 10: 9780309064064
ISBN 13: 0309064066
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Science and Creationism Book Review:

This edition of Science and Creationism summarizes key aspects of several of the most important lines of evidence supporting evolution. It describes some of the positions taken by advocates of creation science and presents an analysis of these claims. This document lays out for a broader audience the case against presenting religious concepts in science classes. The document covers the origin of the universe, Earth, and life; evidence supporting biological evolution; and human evolution. (Contains 31 references.) (CCM)

Tempo and Mode in Evolution

Tempo and Mode in Evolution
Author: for the National Academy of Sciences
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 336
Release: 1995-01-26
ISBN 10: 9780309176491
ISBN 13: 0309176492
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tempo and Mode in Evolution Book Review:

Since George Gaylord Simpson published Tempo and Mode in Evolution in 1944, discoveries in paleontology and genetics have abounded. This volume brings together the findings and insights of today's leading experts in the study of evolution, including Ayala, W. Ford Doolittle, and Stephen Jay Gould. The volume examines early cellular evolution, explores changes in the tempo of evolution between the Precambrian and Phanerozoic periods, and reconstructs the Cambrian evolutionary burst. Long-neglected despite Darwin's interest in it, species extinction is discussed in detail. Although the absence of data kept Simpson from exploring human evolution in his book, the current volume covers morphological and genetic changes in human populations, contradicting the popular claim that all modern humans descend from a single woman. This book discusses the role of molecular clocks, the results of evolution in 12 populations of Escherichia coli propagated for 10,000 generations, a physical map of Drosophila chromosomes, and evidence for "hitchhiking" by mutations.

Growth

Growth
Author: Vaclav Smil
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 664
Release: 2019-09-24
ISBN 10: 0262042835
ISBN 13: 9780262042833
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Growth Book Review:

A systematic investigation of growth in nature and society, from tiny organisms to the trajectories of empires and civilizations. Growth has been both an unspoken and an explicit aim of our individual and collective striving. It governs the lives of microorganisms and galaxies; it shapes the capabilities of our extraordinarily large brains and the fortunes of our economies. Growth is manifested in annual increments of continental crust, a rising gross domestic product, a child's growth chart, the spread of cancerous cells. In this magisterial book, Vaclav Smil offers systematic investigation of growth in nature and society, from tiny organisms to the trajectories of empires and civilizations. Smil takes readers from bacterial invasions through animal metabolisms to megacities and the global economy. He begins with organisms whose mature sizes range from microscopic to enormous, looking at disease-causing microbes, the cultivation of staple crops, and human growth from infancy to adulthood. He examines the growth of energy conversions and man-made objects that enable economic activities—developments that have been essential to civilization. Finally, he looks at growth in complex systems, beginning with the growth of human populations and proceeding to the growth of cities. He considers the challenges of tracing the growth of empires and civilizations, explaining that we can chart the growth of organisms across individual and evolutionary time, but that the progress of societies and economies, not so linear, encompasses both decline and renewal. The trajectory of modern civilization, driven by competing imperatives of material growth and biospheric limits, Smil tells us, remains uncertain.

Phylogenetic Systematics of the Drynarioideae Polypodiaceae

Phylogenetic Systematics of the Drynarioideae  Polypodiaceae
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 318
Release: 1938
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: MINN:31951P002901778
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phylogenetic Systematics of the Drynarioideae Polypodiaceae Book Review:

The Princeton Guide to Evolution

The Princeton Guide to Evolution
Author: David A. Baum,Douglas J. Futuyma,Hopi E. Hoekstra,Richard E. Lenski,Allen J. Moore,Cahterine L. Peichel,Dolph Schluter,Michael C. Whitlock
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 888
Release: 2017-03-21
ISBN 10: 069117587X
ISBN 13: 9780691175874
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Princeton Guide to Evolution Book Review:

The Princeton Guide to Evolution is a comprehensive, concise, and authoritative reference to the major subjects and key concepts in evolutionary biology, from genes to mass extinctions. Edited by a distinguished team of evolutionary biologists, with contributions from leading researchers, the guide contains some 100 clear, accurate, and up-to-date articles on the most important topics in seven major areas: phylogenetics and the history of life; selection and adaptation; evolutionary processes; genes, genomes, and phenotypes; speciation and macroevolution; evolution of behavior, society, and humans; and evolution and modern society. Complete with more than 100 illustrations (including eight pages in color), glossaries of key terms, suggestions for further reading on each topic, and an index, this is an essential volume for undergraduate and graduate students, scientists in related fields, and anyone else with a serious interest in evolution. Explains key topics in some 100 concise and authoritative articles written by a team of leading evolutionary biologists Contains more than 100 illustrations, including eight pages in color Each article includes an outline, glossary, bibliography, and cross-references Covers phylogenetics and the history of life; selection and adaptation; evolutionary processes; genes, genomes, and phenotypes; speciation and macroevolution; evolution of behavior, society, and humans; and evolution and modern society

Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen Afd Natuurkunde

Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen  Afd  Natuurkunde
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1938
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: WISC:89014510176
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Verhandelingen der Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen Afd Natuurkunde Book Review:

In the Light of Evolution

In the Light of Evolution
Author: National Academy of Sciences
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2008-12-22
ISBN 10: 9780309164337
ISBN 13: 0309164338
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

In the Light of Evolution Book Review:

The current extinction crisis is of human making, and any favorable resolution of that biodiversity crisis--among the most dire in the 4-billion-year history of Earth--will have to be initiated by mankind. Little time remains for the public, corporations, and governments to awaken to the magnitude of what is at stake. This book aims to assist that critical educational mission, synthesizing recent scientific information and ideas about threats to biodiversity in the past, present, and projected future. This is the second volume from the In the Light of Evolution series, based on a series of Arthur M. Sackler colloquia, and designed to promote the evolutionary sciences. Each installment explores evolutionary perspectives on a particular biological topic that is scientifically intriguing but also has special relevance to contemporary societal issues or challenges. Individually and collectively, the ILE series aims to interpret phenomena in various areas of biology through the lens of evolution, address some of the most intellectually engaging as well as pragmatically important societal issues of our times, and foster a greater appreciation of evolutionary biology as a consolidating foundation for the life sciences.

Extinct Animals An Encyclopedia of Species that Have Disappeared during Human History

Extinct Animals  An Encyclopedia of Species that Have Disappeared during Human History
Author: Ross Piper
Publsiher: Greenwood
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2009-03-20
ISBN 10: 0313349886
ISBN 13: 9780313349881
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extinct Animals An Encyclopedia of Species that Have Disappeared during Human History Book Review:

Everyone is familiar with the dodo and the wooly mammoth, but how many people have heard of the scimitar cat and the Falkland Island fox? Extinct Animals portrays over 60 remarkable animals that have been lost forever during the relatively recent geological past. Each entry provides a concise discussion of the history of the animal—how and where it lived, and how it became extinct—as well as the scientific discovery and analysis of the creature. In addition, this work examines what led to extinction—from the role of cyclical swings in the Earth's climate to the spread of humans and their activities. Many scientists believe that we are in the middle of a mass extinction right now, caused by the human undermining of the earth's complex systems that support life. Understanding what caused the extinction of animals in the past may help us understand and prevent the extinction of species in the future. Extinct Animals examines the biology and history of some of the most interesting creatures that have ever lived, including: The American Terror Bird, which probably became extinct over 1 million years ago, who were massive predators, some of which were almost 10 feet tall; the Rocky Mountain Locust, last seen in 1902, formed the most immense animal aggregations ever known, with swarms estimated to include over 10 trillion insects; the Giant Ground Sloth, which was as large as an elephant; and the Neandertals, the first Europeans, which co-existed with prehistoric Homo sapiens. Extinct Animals includes illustrations—many created for the work—that help the reader visualize the extinct creature, and each entry concludes with a list of resources for those who wish to do further research.

Verhandelingen Tweede reeks

Verhandelingen  Tweede reeks
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2021
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCAL:B4585710
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Verhandelingen Tweede reeks Book Review:

The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection

The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection
Author: Charles Darwin
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1897
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822000639062
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection Book Review:

Investigations Into Biology

Investigations Into Biology
Author: Robert W. Korn,Ellen J. Korn
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 502
Release: 1971
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112009853091
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Investigations Into Biology Book Review:

How Vertebrates Left the Water

How Vertebrates Left the Water
Author: Michel Laurin
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2010-11-02
ISBN 10: 0520947983
ISBN 13: 9780520947986
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

How Vertebrates Left the Water Book Review:

More than three hundred million years ago—a relatively recent date in the two billion years since life first appeared—vertebrate animals first ventured onto land. This usefully illustrated book describes how some finned vertebrates acquired limbs, giving rise to more than 25,000 extant tetrapod species. Michel Laurin uses paleontological, geological, physiological, and comparative anatomical data to describe this monumental event. He summarizes key concepts of modern paleontological research, including biological nomenclature, paleontological and molecular dating, and the methods used to infer phylogeny and character evolution. Along with a discussion of the evolutionary pressures that may have led vertebrates onto dry land, the book also shows how extant vertebrates yield clues about the conquest of land and how scientists uncover evolutionary history.

Species and Speciation in the Fossil Record

Species and Speciation in the Fossil Record
Author: Warren D. Allmon,Margaret M. Yacobucci
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 427
Release: 2016-10-05
ISBN 10: 022637744X
ISBN 13: 9780226377445
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Species and Speciation in the Fossil Record Book Review:

The literature of paleobiology is brimming with qualifiers and cautions about using species in the fossil record, or equating such species with those recognized among living organisms. Species and Speciation in the Fossil Record digs through this literature and surveys the recent research on species in paleobiology. In these pages, experts in the field examine what they think species are in their particular taxon of specialty or more generally in the fossil record. They also reflect on what the answers mean for thinking about species in macroevolution. The first step in this approach is an overview of the Modern Synthesis, and paleobiology s development of quantitative ways of documenting and analyzing variation with fossil assemblages. Following that, this volume s central chapters explore the challenges of recognizing and defining species from fossil specimens, and show how with careful interpretation and a clear species concept, fossil species may be sufficiently robust for meaningful paleobiological analyses. Tempo and mode of speciation over time are also explored, exhibiting how the concept of species, if more refined, can reveal enormous amounts about the interplay between species origins and extinction and local and global climate change."

Biodiversity Dynamics

Biodiversity Dynamics
Author: Michael L. McKinney,James A. Drake
Publsiher: Columbia University Press
Total Pages: 552
Release: 2001-04-12
ISBN 10: 9780231505802
ISBN 13: 0231505809
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodiversity Dynamics Book Review:

How will patterns of human interaction with the earth's eco-system impact on biodiversity loss over the long term--not in the next ten or even fifty years, but on the vast temporal scale be dealt with by earth scientists? This volume brings together data from population biology, community ecology, comparative biology, and paleontology to answer this question.

Paleobotany

Paleobotany
Author: Edith L. Taylor,Thomas N. Taylor,Michael Krings
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1252
Release: 2009-01-21
ISBN 10: 9780080557830
ISBN 13: 008055783X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Paleobotany Book Review:

This book provides up-to-date coverage of fossil plants from Precambrian life to flowering plants, including fungi and algae. It begins with a discussion of geologic time, how organisms are preserved in the rock record, and how organisms are studied and interpreted and takes the student through all the relevant uses and interpretations of fossil plants. With new chapters on additional flowering plant families, paleoecology and the structure of ancient plant communities, fossil plants as proxy records for paleoclimate, new methodologies used in phylogenetic reconstruction and the addition of new fossil plant discoveries since 1993, this book provides the most comprehensive account of the geologic history and evolution of microbes, algae, fungi, and plants through time. * Major revision of a 1993 classic reference * Lavishly illustrated with 1,800 images and user friendly for use by paleobotanists, biologists, geologists and other related scientists * Includes an expanded glossary with an extensive up-to-date bibliography and a comprehensive index * Provides extensive coverage of fungi and other microbes, and major groups of land plants both living and extinct

Epigenetic Mechanisms of the Cambrian Explosion

Epigenetic Mechanisms of the Cambrian Explosion
Author: Nelson R. Cabej
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2019-10-12
ISBN 10: 0128143126
ISBN 13: 9780128143124
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetic Mechanisms of the Cambrian Explosion Book Review:

Epigenetic Mechanisms of the Cambrian Explosion provides readers with a basic biological knowledge and epigenetic explanation of the biological puzzle of the Cambrian explosion, the unprecedented rapid diversification of animals that began 542 million years ago. During an evolutionarily instant of ~10 million years, which represents only 0.3% of the time of existence of life on Earth, or less than 2% of the time of existence of metazoans, all of the 30 extant body plans, major animal groups (phyla) and several extinct groups appeared. The work helps address this phenomena and tries to answer remaining questions for evolutionary biology, epigenetics, and scientific researchers. The book recognizes and presents objective representations of alternative theories for epigenetic evolution in this period, with the author drawing on his epigenetic theory of evolution to explain the causal basis of the Cambrian explosion. Both empirical evidence and theoretical arguments are presented in support of this thought-provoking epigenetic theory. Explains the Cambrian explosion from an entirely epigenetic view Takes a causal rather than descriptive approach to the phenomenon Allows for a broad readership, including those with only a basic biological knowledge, while maintaining scientific rigor

Dogs

Dogs
Author: Xiaoming Wang,Richard H. Tedford
Publsiher: Columbia University Press
Total Pages: 219
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 0231135297
ISBN 13: 9780231135290
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dogs Book Review:

Xiaoming Wang and Richard H. Tedford combine their research with Mauricio Ant�n's impeccable reconstructions to present a remarkable portrait of canids over the past 40 million years. Wang and Tedford cull their history from the most recent scientific research conducted on the vast collections of the American Museum of Natural History and other leading institutions. With their rich fossil record, diverse adaptations to various environments, and different predatory specializations, canids are an ideal model organism for the mapping of predator behavior and morphological specializations. They also offer an excellent contrast to felids, which remain entrenched in extreme predatory specializations. The innovative illustrated approach of this book transforms the science of paleontology into a thrilling visual experience, and it forms the perfect accompaniment to an extremely important branch of animal and fossil study.

Darwin s Fossils

Darwin s Fossils
Author: Adrian Lister
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2018-04-02
ISBN 10: 9781486309450
ISBN 13: 1486309453
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Darwin s Fossils Book Review:

Explore Darwin's pioneering work on fossils in this richly illustrated book. In On the Origin of Species Charles Darwin credited his discoveries of fossils, as much as those of living creatures, as the stimulus for his theory of evolution. Darwin's Fossils is an accessible account of his pioneering work on fossils, his adventures in South America and his relations with the scientific establishment. While Darwin's work on Galapagos finches is celebrated, his pioneering work on fossils is much less well known. He was the first to collect the remains of giant extinct South American mammals; he worked out how coral reefs and atolls formed; he excavated and explained marine fossils high in the Andes; and he discovered a fossil forest that now bears his name. All of this was fundamental in leading him to his theory of evolution. Many of Darwin's fossils survive, at the Natural History Museum and elsewhere, and recent years have seen a surge of scientific interest and research into them. Richly illustrated with new photography of many of the fossils, superb line drawings produced in the 19th century, and newly-commissioned artists' reconstructions of the extinct animals as understood today, Darwin's Fossils reveals how fossils played a crucial role in the development of his revolutionary ideas.