The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers

The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers
Author: Laurence W. McKeen
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 430
Release: 2020-08-20
ISBN 10: 0128225998
ISBN 13: 9780128225998
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers Book Review:

The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers examines the effects of radiation on plastics and elastomers. Polymers are required in products or parts for a range of cutting-edge applications that are exposed to radiation, in areas such as space, medicine, and radiation processing. This book focuses on the effects of radiation exposure within that environment, providing in-depth data coverage organized by category of polymer. Aspects such as radiation impact on mechanical and thermal properties, including glass transition and heat deflection temperatures, are described, demonstrating how changes in these properties affect the performance of plastic or elastomer parts. The effect of radiation on electrical properties is also included. Supporting introductory chapters explain the key concepts of radiation, including the physical, mechanical, and thermal properties of plastics and elastomers. This is a vital resource for plastics engineers, product designers, and R&D professionals, working on products or parts for radioactive environments, as well as engineers and scientists in the medical, nuclear, and radiation processing industries. The book also supports researchers and scientists in plastics engineering, polymer processing and properties, polymer and coatings chemistry, materials science, and radiation. Brings together highly valuable data on the effect of radiation on the properties of polymers and elastomers Enables the reader to compare properties and to select the best possible materials for specific applications Supported by detailed explanations and analysis, ensuring that the reader understands how to interpret and utilize the data

The Effect of Radiation on the Mechanical Properties of Polymers

The Effect of Radiation on the Mechanical Properties of Polymers
Author: R. K. Traeger
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 36
Release: 1964
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015094996744
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Effect of Radiation on the Mechanical Properties of Polymers Book Review:

Radiation Effects in Polymeric Materials

Radiation Effects in Polymeric Materials
Author: Vijay Kumar,Babulal Chaudhary,Vishal Sharma,Kartikey Verma
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2019-02-09
ISBN 10: 3030057704
ISBN 13: 9783030057701
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiation Effects in Polymeric Materials Book Review:

​This book provides an introduction of how radiation is processed in polymeric materials, how materials properties are affected and how the resulting materials are analyzed. It covers synthesis, characterization, or modification of important materials, e.g. polycarbonates, polyamides and polysaccharides, using radiation. For example, a complete chapter is dedicated to the characterization of biodegradable polymers irradiated with low and heavy ions. This book will be beneficial to all polymer scientists in the development of new macromolecules and to all engineers using these materials in applications. It summarizes the fundamental knowledge and latest innovations in research fields from medicine to space.

Radiation Effects on Polymers for Biological Use

Radiation Effects on Polymers for Biological Use
Author: Henning Kausch
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2003-04-23
ISBN 10: 3540440208
ISBN 13: 9783540440208
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiation Effects on Polymers for Biological Use Book Review:

Biomaterials repair, reinforce or replace damaged functional parts of the (human) body. All mechanical and biological interactions between an implant and the body occur across the interface, which has to correspond as nearly as possible to its particular function. Much of the progress in adapting polymer materials for use in a biological environment has been obtained through irradiation techniques. For this reason the most recent developments in four key areas are reviewed in this special volume: (1) the analysis of the topology and the elemental composition of a functional surface, (2) the chemical modification of the surface which results in highly pure, sterile and versatile surfaces, (3) the sterilisation of implantable devices via ionising radiation and its possible effects on the structural mechanical properties of polymers, and (4) the radiation effects on living cells and tissues which are of particular importance for radiation protection and radiotherapy.

Ionizing Radiation and Polymers

Ionizing Radiation and Polymers
Author: Jiri George Drobny
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2012-12-31
ISBN 10: 1455778826
ISBN 13: 9781455778829
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ionizing Radiation and Polymers Book Review:

Radiation processing is widely employed in plastics engineering to enhance the physical properties of polymers, such as chemical resistance, surface properties, mechanical and thermal properties, particle size reduction, melt properties, material compatibility, fire retardation, etc. Drobny introduces readers to the science of ionizing radiation and its effects on polymers, and explores the technologies available and their current and emerging applications. The resulting book is a valuable guide for a wide range of plastics engineers employing ionizing radiation for polymer treatment in a range of sectors including packaging, aerospace, defense, medical devices and energy applications. Radiation resistant polymers are also explored. Unlock the potential of ionizing radiation in applications such as electron-beam curing and laser joining Gain an understanding of the selection and safe use of radiation treatment equipment The only detailed guide to ionizing radiation written for the plastics engineering community

Radiation Effects in Materials

Radiation Effects in Materials
Author: Waldemar Alfredo Monteiro
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2016-07-20
ISBN 10: 953512417X
ISBN 13: 9789535124177
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiation Effects in Materials Book Review:

The study of radiation effects has developed as a major field of materials science from the beginning, approximately 70 years ago. Its rapid development has been driven by two strong influences. The properties of the crystal defects and the materials containing them may then be studied. The types of radiation that can alter structural materials consist of neutrons, ions, electrons, gamma rays or other electromagnetic waves with different wavelengths. All of these forms of radiation have the capability to displace atoms/molecules from their lattice sites, which is the fundamental process that drives the changes in all materials. The effect of irradiation on materials is fixed in the initial event in which an energetic projectile strikes a target. The book is distributed in four sections: Ionic Materials; Biomaterials; Polymeric Materials and Metallic Materials.

Atomic Radiation and Polymers

Atomic Radiation and Polymers
Author: A. Charlesby
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 570
Release: 2016-01-22
ISBN 10: 1483222799
ISBN 13: 9781483222790
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atomic Radiation and Polymers Book Review:

Radiation Effects in Materials, Volume 1: Atomic Radiation and Polymers considers the theoretical and experimental studies on the association between polymers and atomic radiation. The use of radiation in polymer science constitutes a powerful tool for the quantitative study of macromolecules. This book consists of 31 chapters, and starts with a brief introduction to fundamentals of atomic radiation and polymer structure. The next chapters focus on some aspect of atomic radiation, including radiation units, radiation-matter interaction, and nuclear and electrical sources of radiation. A chapter presents the appropriate methods to study radiation chemistry and polymer. Considerable chapters are devoted to the molecular structure, chemistry, and reactions of polymers. This volume also describes some significant chemical changes of radiation. Other chapters explore the properties and reactions of various irradiated polymers. The remaining chapters deal with radiation protection effects in polymers, which are processes wherein small changes in chemical structure within a molecule or in its neighborhood can exert a disproportionately large influence on the overall chemical reactions. This book is of value to nuclear and solid state physicists, organic and polymer chemists, and nuclear engineers and radiobiologists.

The Radiation Chemistry of Macromolecules

The Radiation Chemistry of Macromolecules
Author: Malcolm Dole
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2013-10-22
ISBN 10: 1483272265
ISBN 13: 9781483272269
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Radiation Chemistry of Macromolecules Book Review:

The Radiation Chemistry of Macromolecules, Volume II is a collection of papers that discusses radiation chemistry of specific systems. Part 1 deals with radiation chemistry of substituted vinyl polymers, particularly polypropylene (PP) as its structure is intermediate between polyethylene and polyisobutylene. This part also discusses polypropylene oxide (PPOx) for it can be prepared in the atactic, isotactic, and optically active forms. One paper focuses on the fundamental chemical processes and the changes in physical properties that give rise to many different applications of polystyrene. Another paper analyzes poly(methyl methacrylate) and poly(isobutylene)—two important polymers of nongelling substances subject to radiation. Part 2 describes the radiation chemistry of some miscellaneous polymers including the formation of free radicals and their termination. One paper also considers the radiation chemistry of polytetrafluoroethyle (PTFE), which is widely used in industry. Part 3 discusses the effect of radiation on oxidation, mechanical properties, and physical state of polymers. Part 4 addresses macromolecules, particularly the radiation chemistry of biopolymers because of their role in radiation chemistry. The damage done to biopolymers through radiation can affect the responses of living organisms to ionizing radiation. This book can prove valuable to scientists and researchers in the fields of nuclear biology, nuclear science, microchemistry, and cellular biology.

Atomic Radiation and Polymers

Atomic Radiation and Polymers
Author: A. Charlesby
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 570
Release: 2016-06-06
ISBN 10: 1483181308
ISBN 13: 9781483181301
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atomic Radiation and Polymers Book Review:

Atomic Radiation and Polymers examines the effects of radiation on polymer materials. The title deals with chemical changes that took place when polymers are exposed to radiation, and how these changes affect the physical properties of the polymers. The text first covers the interaction of radiation and matter, along with radiation sources and dosimetry. Next, the selection deals with the general properties of long chain polymers. The text also details the organic molecules and irradiated polymers. Chapters 22 to 24 tackle the radiation-induced changes in nuclear chain reaction, while Chapter 25 discusses the irradiation of polymers in solution where both direct and indirect effects occur. The next series of chapters details the theoretical aspects of reactions between the initial acts of ionization or excitation. The last two chapters cover the conductivity change at low radiation intensities, along with the data on radiation damage at very high intensities. The book will be of great interest to researchers and practitioners from the field of nuclear science and polymer technology.

Radiation Processing of Polymer Materials and Its Industrial Applications

Radiation Processing of Polymer Materials and Its Industrial Applications
Author: Keizo Makuuchi,Song Cheng
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 415
Release: 2012-02-07
ISBN 10: 0470587695
ISBN 13: 9780470587690
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiation Processing of Polymer Materials and Its Industrial Applications Book Review:

This text examines the effect of radiation on polymers and the versatility of its industrial applications. By helping readers understand and solve problems associated with radiation processing of polymers, it serves as an important reference and fills a gap in the literature. Radiation processing can significantly improve important properties of polymers, however, there are still misconceptions about processing polymers by using ionizing radiation. This book explains the radiation processing of polymeric materials used in many industrial products including cars, airplanes, computers, and TVs. It even addresses emerging "green" issues like biomaterials and hydrogels.

The Effect of UV Light and Weather on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of UV Light and Weather on Plastics and Elastomers
Author: Laurence W. McKeen
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2013-06-21
ISBN 10: 145573005X
ISBN 13: 9781455730056
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Effect of UV Light and Weather on Plastics and Elastomers Book Review:

This reference guide brings together a wide range of essential data on the effects of weather and UV light exposure on plastics and elastomers, enabling engineers to make optimal material choices and design decisions. In both normal and extreme environments, outdoor use has a variety of effects on different plastics and elastomers, including discoloring and brittleness. The data is supported by explanations of real-world engineering applications. The data tables in this book are supported by examples of real-world applications, enabling engineers and scientists to select the right materials for a given situation, across a wide range of sectors including construction, packaging, signage, consumer (e.g. toys, outdoor furniture), automotive and aerospace, defense, etc. The third edition includes new text chapters that provide the fundamental knowledge required to make best use of the data. Author Larry McKeen has also added detailed descriptions of the effect of weathering on the most common polymer classes such as polyolefins, polyamides, polyesters, elastomers, fluoropolymers, biodegradable plastics, etc., making this book an invaluable design guide as well as an industry standard data source. Essential data and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working with plastics in outdoor applications and products New introductory chapters on weathering processes and the effect of light and heat on plastics 25% new data

Ionizing Radiation Effects and Applications

Ionizing Radiation Effects and Applications
Author: Boualem Djezzar
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 186
Release: 2018-03-28
ISBN 10: 9535139533
ISBN 13: 9789535139539
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ionizing Radiation Effects and Applications Book Review:

The benefits of ionizing radiations have been largely demonstrated through many achievements of human life. Understanding the fundamental elementary interactions of ionizing radiations with material has allowed the development of various applications needed by different industries. This book draws some facets of their applications, such as hardening process for semiconductor devices, biomedical imaging by radiation luminescent quantum dots, hydrogen gas detection by Raman lidar sensor for explosion risk assessment, water and wastewater purification by radiation treatment for environment, doping by the neutron transmutation doping for the semiconductor industry, and polymerization by irradiation, which is useful for industries requiring resistant and protective coating. I wish the chapters of this book can provide some helpful information on ionizing radiation applications.

The Science and Engineering of Materials

The Science and Engineering of Materials
Author: Donald R. Askeland,Frank Haddleton,Phil Green,Howard Robertson
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 854
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 1489928952
ISBN 13: 9781489928955
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Science and Engineering of Materials Book Review:

The Science and Engineering of Materials, Third Edition, continues the general theme of the earlier editions in providing an understanding of the relationship between structure, processing, and properties of materials. This text is intended for use by students of engineering rather than materials, at first degree level who have completed prerequisites in chemistry, physics, and mathematics. The author assumes these stu dents will have had little or no exposure to engineering sciences such as statics, dynamics, and mechanics. The material presented here admittedly cannot and should not be covered in a one-semester course. By selecting the appropriate topics, however, the instructor can emphasise metals, provide a general overview of materials, concentrate on mechani cal behaviour, or focus on physical properties. Additionally, the text provides the student with a useful reference for accompanying courses in manufacturing, design, or materials selection. In an introductory, survey text such as this, complex and comprehensive design problems cannot be realistically introduced because materials design and selection rely on many factors that come later in the student's curriculum. To introduce the student to elements of design, however, more than 100 examples dealing with materials selection and design considerations are included in this edition.

The Effects of Radiation on High technology Polymers

The Effects of Radiation on High technology Polymers
Author: Elsa Reichmanis
Publsiher: Amer Chemical Society
Total Pages: 272
Release: 1989
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015021527638
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Effects of Radiation on High technology Polymers Book Review:

This timely volume provides a review of fundamental radiation chemical processes and their relationship to several high technology industries. It demonstrates the significance of polymer radiation chemistry in industries such as electronics, aerospace, and optical recording. Six review chapters and nine reports provide an in-depth look into fundamental radiation chemistry, recent advances in spectroscopic methods, applications of radiation-modified polymers in electronics and microlithography, and resistance of polymers to radiation. Research studies include polymer reaction to radiation at the molecular level, energy dissipation pathways, microscopic properties of polymers, structure-property correlations, development of polymers for imaging at submicrometer resolution, and more.

Radiation Chemistry of Polymers

Radiation Chemistry of Polymers
Author: V. S. Ivanov
Publsiher: VSP
Total Pages: 321
Release: 1992-06
ISBN 10: 9789067641371
ISBN 13: 9067641375
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiation Chemistry of Polymers Book Review:

Part of the series "New Concepts in Polymer Science", this volume contains information on the main theoretical and practical problems involved in radiation chemistry of polymers. The processes of polymerization and modification of polymers by grafting, crosslinking and degradation, induced by ionizing radiation, are all described, as well as the radiation resistance of polymers and their protection from radiation. The book also contains applications of radiation chemistry of polymers, such as: principles of selection of radiation-chemical processes for industrial use; choice of radiation sources for specific processes; modification of textile and film materials by grafting; manufacturing of heat-shrinkable, thermostable and mechanically strong polymer products; composites; rubber vulcanizates and self-adhesive products; paints and coatings; man-made fibres; materials for microelectronics; and polymer materials for medical purposes.

Cell Culture Technology

Cell Culture Technology
Author: Cornelia Kasper,Verena Charwat,Antonina Lavrentieva
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2018-10-10
ISBN 10: 3319748548
ISBN 13: 9783319748542
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cell Culture Technology Book Review:

This textbook provides an overview on current cell culture techniques, conditions, and applications specifically focusing on human cell culture. This book is based on lectures, seminars and practical courses in stem cells, tissue engineering, regenerative medicine and 3D cell culture held at the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna BOKU and the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz University Hannover, complemented by contributions from international experts, and therefore delivers in a compact and clear way important theoretical, as well as practical knowledge to advanced graduate students on cell culture techniques and the current status of research. The book is written for Master students and PhD candidates in biotechnology, tissue engineering and biomedicine working with mammalian, and specifically human cells. It will be of interest to doctoral colleges, Master- and PhD programs teaching courses in this area of research.

Effects of radiation on Polymer

Effects of radiation on Polymer
Author: A S Jagadisha
Publsiher: GRIN Verlag
Total Pages: 101
Release: 2020-04-14
ISBN 10: 3346147053
ISBN 13: 9783346147059
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Effects of radiation on Polymer Book Review:

Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2010 in the subject Chemistry - Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, grade: 1, , course: Master of Philosophy, language: English, abstract: Over the past decade a great deal of information has been published about intrinsically conducting polymers, more commonly known as "synthetic metals". The basic interest comes from the fact that these new materials combine the physical and chemical attributes of plastics with the electrical, electronic, magnetic, and optical properties of metals or semiconductors. Poly (vinyl chloride) (PVC) is extraordinarily useful as a commercial material. Among the thermoplastics, it ranks second only to polyolefins in total worldwide production volume. Remarkably, it has achieved this status despite its molecular instability toward heat, an instability that is much more pronounced than those of all its major competitors. In a technological sense, this difficulty has been overcome to a large degree, for otherwise the usage of PVC would never have reached its current level Commercial interest in PVC was first revealed in a number of patents independently filed in 1928 by Carbide and Carbon Chemical Corporation, Dupont and IG Farben. From the present research studies, it is summarized that the characteristics of poly vinyl chloride [PVC] changes according to the dosage of electron beam irradiation. That is amorphous nature of PVC changes to crystalline and conjugate double bond and free radicals are formed due to the degradation. The free radicals formed due to scission process in responsible at higher energy radiation. The electrical conductivity of polyvinyl chloride after irradiation slightly increases with electron beam radiation dose. It is due to increase in crystallinity in the polyvinyl chloride after electron beam irradiation and production of free radicals due to scission or crosslinking in PVC.

Handbook of Thermoplastics Second Edition

Handbook of Thermoplastics  Second Edition
Author: Olagoke Olabisi,Kolapo Adewale
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 994
Release: 2016-02-03
ISBN 10: 1466577231
ISBN 13: 9781466577237
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Thermoplastics Second Edition Book Review:

This new edition of the bestselling Handbook of Thermoplastics incorporates recent developments and advances in thermoplastics with regard to materials development, processing, properties, and applications. With contributions from 65 internationally recognized authorities in the field, the second edition features new and updated discussions of several topics, including: Polymer nanocomposites Laser processing of thermoplastic composites Bioplastics Natural fiber thermoplastic composites Materials selection Design and application Additives for thermoplastics Recycling of thermoplastics Regulatory and legislative issues related to health, safety, and the environment The book also discusses state-of-the-art techniques in science and technology as well as environmental assessment with regard to the impact of thermoplastics. Each chapter is written in a review format that covers: Historical development and commercialization Polymerization and process technologies Structural and phase characteristics in relation to use properties The effects of additives on properties and applications Blends, alloys, copolymers, and composites derived from thermoplastics Applications Giving thorough coverage of the most recent trends in research and practice, the Handbook of Thermoplastics, Second Edition is an indispensable resource for experienced and practicing professionals as well as upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in a wide range of disciplines and industries.

Polymer Engineering Science and Viscoelasticity

Polymer Engineering Science and Viscoelasticity
Author: Hal F. Brinson,L. Catherine Brinson
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 482
Release: 2015-01-24
ISBN 10: 1489974857
ISBN 13: 9781489974853
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Engineering Science and Viscoelasticity Book Review:

This book provides a unified mechanics and materials perspective on polymers: both the mathematics of viscoelasticity theory as well as the physical mechanisms behind polymer deformation processes. Introductory material on fundamental mechanics is included to provide a continuous baseline for readers from all disciplines. Introductory material on the chemical and molecular basis of polymers is also included, which is essential to the understanding of the thermomechanical response. This self-contained text covers the viscoelastic characterization of polymers including constitutive modeling, experimental methods, thermal response, and stress and failure analysis. Example problems are provided within the text as well as at the end of each chapter. New to this edition: · One new chapter on the use of nano-material inclusions for structural polymer applications and applications such as fiber-reinforced polymers and adhesively bonded structures · Brings up-to-date polymer production and sales data and equipment and procedures for evaluating polymer characterization and classification · The work serves as a comprehensive reference for advanced seniors seeking graduate level courses, first and second year graduate students, and practicing engineers

Solid State Physics

Solid State Physics
Author: S. L. Chaplot,P. S. R. Krishna,T. Sakuntala
Publsiher: Alpha Science Int'l Ltd.
Total Pages: 683
Release: 2002
ISBN 10: 9788173194863
ISBN 13: 8173194866
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid State Physics Book Review:

This volume covers the proceedings of the 44th Department of Atomic Engineering (DAE) Solid State Physics Symposium.With contributions of papers from institutions from around the world. Contains 316 research articles, including 28 invited papers, on a wide range of topics of current interest in solid state physics comprising the following categories: Phase Transitions Phonons Soft-condensed Matter Electronic Structure Novel Materials Superconductivity Experimental Techniques and Instrumentation Magnetism Liquids, Glasses and Amorphous Systems Transport Properties Relaxation Studies Semiconductor Physics Surface Science Key Features: Recent developments in Synchrotron Research Photo-electron Spectroscopy Newly emerging superconductors