The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers

The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers
Author: Laurence W. McKeen
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 430
Release: 2020-09-09
ISBN 10: 0128197293
ISBN 13: 9780128197295
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers Book Review:

The Effect of Radiation on Properties of Polymers examines the effects of radiation on plastics and elastomers. Polymers are required in products or parts for a range of cutting-edge applications that are exposed to radiation, in areas such as space, medicine, and radiation processing. This book focuses on the effects of radiation exposure within that environment, providing in-depth data coverage organized by category of polymer. Aspects such as radiation impact on mechanical and thermal properties, including glass transition and heat deflection temperatures, are described, demonstrating how changes in these properties affect the performance of plastic or elastomer parts. The effect of radiation on electrical properties is also included. Supporting introductory chapters explain the key concepts of radiation, including the physical, mechanical, and thermal properties of plastics and elastomers. This is a vital resource for plastics engineers, product designers, and R&D professionals, working on products or parts for radioactive environments, as well as engineers and scientists in the medical, nuclear, and radiation processing industries. The book also supports researchers and scientists in plastics engineering, polymer processing and properties, polymer and coatings chemistry, materials science, and radiation. Brings together highly valuable data on the effect of radiation on the properties of polymers and elastomers Enables the reader to compare properties and to select the best possible materials for specific applications Supported by detailed explanations and analysis, ensuring that the reader understands how to interpret and utilize the data

Radiation Effects in Polymeric Materials

Radiation Effects in Polymeric Materials
Author: Vijay Kumar,Babulal Chaudhary,Vishal Sharma,Kartikey Verma
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2019-02-09
ISBN 10: 3030057704
ISBN 13: 9783030057701
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiation Effects in Polymeric Materials Book Review:

​This book provides an introduction of how radiation is processed in polymeric materials, how materials properties are affected and how the resulting materials are analyzed. It covers synthesis, characterization, or modification of important materials, e.g. polycarbonates, polyamides and polysaccharides, using radiation. For example, a complete chapter is dedicated to the characterization of biodegradable polymers irradiated with low and heavy ions. This book will be beneficial to all polymer scientists in the development of new macromolecules and to all engineers using these materials in applications. It summarizes the fundamental knowledge and latest innovations in research fields from medicine to space.

Ionizing Radiation and Polymers

Ionizing Radiation and Polymers
Author: Jiri George Drobny
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2012-12-31
ISBN 10: 1455778826
ISBN 13: 9781455778829
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ionizing Radiation and Polymers Book Review:

Radiation processing is widely employed in plastics engineering to enhance the physical properties of polymers, such as chemical resistance, surface properties, mechanical and thermal properties, particle size reduction, melt properties, material compatibility, fire retardation, etc. Drobny introduces readers to the science of ionizing radiation and its effects on polymers, and explores the technologies available and their current and emerging applications. The resulting book is a valuable guide for a wide range of plastics engineers employing ionizing radiation for polymer treatment in a range of sectors including packaging, aerospace, defense, medical devices and energy applications. Radiation resistant polymers are also explored. Unlock the potential of ionizing radiation in applications such as electron-beam curing and laser joining Gain an understanding of the selection and safe use of radiation treatment equipment The only detailed guide to ionizing radiation written for the plastics engineering community

Radiation Effects in Materials

Radiation Effects in Materials
Author: Waldemar Alfredo Monteiro
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 462
Release: 2016-07-20
ISBN 10: 953512417X
ISBN 13: 9789535124177
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiation Effects in Materials Book Review:

The study of radiation effects has developed as a major field of materials science from the beginning, approximately 70 years ago. Its rapid development has been driven by two strong influences. The properties of the crystal defects and the materials containing them may then be studied. The types of radiation that can alter structural materials consist of neutrons, ions, electrons, gamma rays or other electromagnetic waves with different wavelengths. All of these forms of radiation have the capability to displace atoms/molecules from their lattice sites, which is the fundamental process that drives the changes in all materials. The effect of irradiation on materials is fixed in the initial event in which an energetic projectile strikes a target. The book is distributed in four sections: Ionic Materials; Biomaterials; Polymeric Materials and Metallic Materials.

The Radiation Chemistry of Macromolecules

The Radiation Chemistry of Macromolecules
Author: Malcolm Dole
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 424
Release: 2013-10-22
ISBN 10: 1483272265
ISBN 13: 9781483272269
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Radiation Chemistry of Macromolecules Book Review:

The Radiation Chemistry of Macromolecules, Volume II is a collection of papers that discusses radiation chemistry of specific systems. Part 1 deals with radiation chemistry of substituted vinyl polymers, particularly polypropylene (PP) as its structure is intermediate between polyethylene and polyisobutylene. This part also discusses polypropylene oxide (PPOx) for it can be prepared in the atactic, isotactic, and optically active forms. One paper focuses on the fundamental chemical processes and the changes in physical properties that give rise to many different applications of polystyrene. Another paper analyzes poly(methyl methacrylate) and poly(isobutylene)—two important polymers of nongelling substances subject to radiation. Part 2 describes the radiation chemistry of some miscellaneous polymers including the formation of free radicals and their termination. One paper also considers the radiation chemistry of polytetrafluoroethyle (PTFE), which is widely used in industry. Part 3 discusses the effect of radiation on oxidation, mechanical properties, and physical state of polymers. Part 4 addresses macromolecules, particularly the radiation chemistry of biopolymers because of their role in radiation chemistry. The damage done to biopolymers through radiation can affect the responses of living organisms to ionizing radiation. This book can prove valuable to scientists and researchers in the fields of nuclear biology, nuclear science, microchemistry, and cellular biology.

Atomic Radiation and Polymers

Atomic Radiation and Polymers
Author: A. Charlesby
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 570
Release: 2016-01-22
ISBN 10: 1483222799
ISBN 13: 9781483222790
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atomic Radiation and Polymers Book Review:

Radiation Effects in Materials, Volume 1: Atomic Radiation and Polymers considers the theoretical and experimental studies on the association between polymers and atomic radiation. The use of radiation in polymer science constitutes a powerful tool for the quantitative study of macromolecules. This book consists of 31 chapters, and starts with a brief introduction to fundamentals of atomic radiation and polymer structure. The next chapters focus on some aspect of atomic radiation, including radiation units, radiation-matter interaction, and nuclear and electrical sources of radiation. A chapter presents the appropriate methods to study radiation chemistry and polymer. Considerable chapters are devoted to the molecular structure, chemistry, and reactions of polymers. This volume also describes some significant chemical changes of radiation. Other chapters explore the properties and reactions of various irradiated polymers. The remaining chapters deal with radiation protection effects in polymers, which are processes wherein small changes in chemical structure within a molecule or in its neighborhood can exert a disproportionately large influence on the overall chemical reactions. This book is of value to nuclear and solid state physicists, organic and polymer chemists, and nuclear engineers and radiobiologists.

Atomic Radiation and Polymers

Atomic Radiation and Polymers
Author: A. Charlesby
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 570
Release: 2016-06-06
ISBN 10: 1483181308
ISBN 13: 9781483181301
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atomic Radiation and Polymers Book Review:

Atomic Radiation and Polymers examines the effects of radiation on polymer materials. The title deals with chemical changes that took place when polymers are exposed to radiation, and how these changes affect the physical properties of the polymers. The text first covers the interaction of radiation and matter, along with radiation sources and dosimetry. Next, the selection deals with the general properties of long chain polymers. The text also details the organic molecules and irradiated polymers. Chapters 22 to 24 tackle the radiation-induced changes in nuclear chain reaction, while Chapter 25 discusses the irradiation of polymers in solution where both direct and indirect effects occur. The next series of chapters details the theoretical aspects of reactions between the initial acts of ionization or excitation. The last two chapters cover the conductivity change at low radiation intensities, along with the data on radiation damage at very high intensities. The book will be of great interest to researchers and practitioners from the field of nuclear science and polymer technology.

Radiation Processing of Polymer Materials and Its Industrial Applications

Radiation Processing of Polymer Materials and Its Industrial Applications
Author: Keizo Makuuchi,Song Cheng
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 415
Release: 2012-02-07
ISBN 10: 0470587695
ISBN 13: 9780470587690
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiation Processing of Polymer Materials and Its Industrial Applications Book Review:

This text examines the effect of radiation on polymers and the versatility of its industrial applications. By helping readers understand and solve problems associated with radiation processing of polymers, it serves as an important reference and fills a gap in the literature. Radiation processing can significantly improve important properties of polymers, however, there are still misconceptions about processing polymers by using ionizing radiation. This book explains the radiation processing of polymeric materials used in many industrial products including cars, airplanes, computers, and TVs. It even addresses emerging "green" issues like biomaterials and hydrogels.

Ionizing Radiation Effects and Applications

Ionizing Radiation Effects and Applications
Author: Boualem Djezzar
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 186
Release: 2018-03-28
ISBN 10: 9535139533
ISBN 13: 9789535139539
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ionizing Radiation Effects and Applications Book Review:

The benefits of ionizing radiations have been largely demonstrated through many achievements of human life. Understanding the fundamental elementary interactions of ionizing radiations with material has allowed the development of various applications needed by different industries. This book draws some facets of their applications, such as hardening process for semiconductor devices, biomedical imaging by radiation luminescent quantum dots, hydrogen gas detection by Raman lidar sensor for explosion risk assessment, water and wastewater purification by radiation treatment for environment, doping by the neutron transmutation doping for the semiconductor industry, and polymerization by irradiation, which is useful for industries requiring resistant and protective coating. I wish the chapters of this book can provide some helpful information on ionizing radiation applications.

Electrical Conductivity in Polymer Based Composites

Electrical Conductivity in Polymer Based Composites
Author: Reza Taherian,Ayesha Kausar
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2018-11-30
ISBN 10: 012812542X
ISBN 13: 9780128125427
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrical Conductivity in Polymer Based Composites Book Review:

Electrical Conductivity in Polymer-Based Composites: Experiments, Modelling and Applications offers detailed information on all aspects of conductive composites. These composites offer many benefits in comparison to traditional conductive materials, and have a broad range of applications, including electronic packaging, capacitors, thermistors, fuel cell devices, dielectrics, piezoelectric functions and ferroelectric memories. Sections cover the theory of electrical conductivity and the different categories of conductive composites, describing percolation threshold, tunneling effect and other phenomena in the field. Subsequent chapters present thorough coverage of the key phases in the development and use of conductive composites, including manufacturing methods, external parameters, applications, modelling and testing methods. This is an essential source of information for materials scientists and engineers working in the fields of polymer technology, processing and engineering, enabling them to improve manufacture and testing methods, and to benefit fully from applications. The book also provides industrial and academic researchers with a comprehensive and up-to-date understanding of conductive composites and related issues. Explains the methods used in the manufacture and testing of conductive composites, and in the modeling of electrical conductivity Contains specialized information on the full range of applications for conductive composites, including conductive adhesives or pastes Brings scientists, engineers and researchers up-to-date with the latest advances in the field

PVC Degradation and Stabilization

PVC Degradation and Stabilization
Author: George Wypych
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2015-03-18
ISBN 10: 1927885000
ISBN 13: 9781927885000
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

PVC Degradation and Stabilization Book Review:

PVC stabilization, the most important aspect of formulation and performance of this polymer, is discussed in details. This book contains all information required to design successful stabilization formula for any product made out of PVC. Separate chapters review information on chemical structure, PVC manufacturing technology, morphology, degradation by thermal energy, UV, gamma, other forms of radiation, mechanodegradation, and chemical degradation. The chapter on analytical methods used in studying of degradative and stabilization processes helps in establishing system of checking results of stabilization with different stabilizing systems. Stabilization and stabilizers are discussed in full detail in the most important chapter of this book. The final chapter contains information on the effects of PVC and its additives on health, safety and environment. This book contains analysis of all essential papers and patents published until recently on the above subject. It either locates the answers to relevant questions and offers solutions or gives references in which such answers can be found. PVC Degradation and Stabilization is must to have for chemists, engineers, scientists, university teachers and students, designers, material scientists, environmental chemists, and lawyers who work with polyvinyl chloride and its additives or have any interest in these products. This book is the one authoritative source on the subject. A practical and up-to-date reference guide for engineers and scientists designing with PVC Covers thermal, UV, gamma radiation, chemical, and other forms of degradation Includes a critical discussion of the sustainability issues faced by PVC and its additives, as well as health and safety concerns

Radiation Effects on Polymers

Radiation Effects on Polymers
Author: Roger Lee Clough,American Chemical Society. Meeting
Publsiher: Amer Chemical Society
Total Pages: 633
Release: 1991
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015024977392
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiation Effects on Polymers Book Review:

Here is the most extensive resource on polymer radiation effects to be available in more than a decade. This new volume reviews the fundamental chemistry and physics of polymer-radiation interaction and examines recent progress in most major areas of the field. Its 38 chapters, written by leading experts from around the world, cover: fundamentals of polymer radiation chemistry; technological applications of radiation to polymers (including radiation processing; radiation curing; sterilization; cross-linking, polymerization, grafting, X-ray resists, and others); and degradation of stabilization of irradiated polymers (including nuclear plants, scintillation detectors for particle physics, and others).

The Effect of UV Light and Weather on Plastics and Elastomers

The Effect of UV Light and Weather on Plastics and Elastomers
Author: Laurence W. McKeen
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2013-06-21
ISBN 10: 145573005X
ISBN 13: 9781455730056
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Effect of UV Light and Weather on Plastics and Elastomers Book Review:

This reference guide brings together a wide range of essential data on the effects of weather and UV light exposure on plastics and elastomers, enabling engineers to make optimal material choices and design decisions. In both normal and extreme environments, outdoor use has a variety of effects on different plastics and elastomers, including discoloring and brittleness. The data is supported by explanations of real-world engineering applications. The data tables in this book are supported by examples of real-world applications, enabling engineers and scientists to select the right materials for a given situation, across a wide range of sectors including construction, packaging, signage, consumer (e.g. toys, outdoor furniture), automotive and aerospace, defense, etc. The third edition includes new text chapters that provide the fundamental knowledge required to make best use of the data. Author Larry McKeen has also added detailed descriptions of the effect of weathering on the most common polymer classes such as polyolefins, polyamides, polyesters, elastomers, fluoropolymers, biodegradable plastics, etc., making this book an invaluable design guide as well as an industry standard data source. Essential data and practical guidance for engineers and scientists working with plastics in outdoor applications and products New introductory chapters on weathering processes and the effect of light and heat on plastics 25% new data

The Effects of Radiation on High technology Polymers

The Effects of Radiation on High technology Polymers
Author: Elsa Reichmanis
Publsiher: Amer Chemical Society
Total Pages: 272
Release: 1989
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015021527638
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Effects of Radiation on High technology Polymers Book Review:

This timely volume provides a review of fundamental radiation chemical processes and their relationship to several high technology industries. It demonstrates the significance of polymer radiation chemistry in industries such as electronics, aerospace, and optical recording. Six review chapters and nine reports provide an in-depth look into fundamental radiation chemistry, recent advances in spectroscopic methods, applications of radiation-modified polymers in electronics and microlithography, and resistance of polymers to radiation. Research studies include polymer reaction to radiation at the molecular level, energy dissipation pathways, microscopic properties of polymers, structure-property correlations, development of polymers for imaging at submicrometer resolution, and more.

Polymer Science and Engineering

Polymer Science and Engineering
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Committee on Polymer Science and Engineering
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 192
Release: 1994-01-01
ISBN 10: 0309049989
ISBN 13: 9780309049986
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Science and Engineering Book Review:

Polymers are used in everything from nylon stockings to commercial aircraft to artificial heart valves, and they have a key role in addressing international competitiveness and other national issues. Polymer Science and Engineering explores the universe of polymers, describing their properties and wide-ranging potential, and presents the state of the science, with a hard look at downward trends in research support. Leading experts offer findings, recommendations, and research directions. Lively vignettes provide snapshots of polymers in everyday applications. The volume includes an overview of the use of polymers in such fields as medicine and biotechnology, information and communication, housing and construction, energy and transportation, national defense, and environmental protection. The committee looks at the various classes of polymers--plastics, fibers, composites, and other materials, as well as polymers used as membranes and coatings--and how their composition and specific methods of processing result in unparalleled usefulness. The reader can also learn the science behind the technology, including efforts to model polymer synthesis after nature's methods, and breakthroughs in characterizing polymer properties needed for twenty-first-century applications. This informative volume will be important to chemists, engineers, materials scientists, researchers, industrialists, and policymakers interested in the role of polymers, as well as to science and engineering educators and students.

Materials at Low Temperatures

Materials at Low Temperatures
Author: Richard Palmer Reed,A. F. Clark
Publsiher: Asm International
Total Pages: 590
Release: 1983
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015007665675
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Materials at Low Temperatures Book Review:

Action in Perception

Action in Perception
Author: Alva Noe,Alva Noë,Alva·No鑕,Professor of Philosophy Alva No?
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 277
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9780262140881
ISBN 13: 0262140888
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Action in Perception Book Review:

An argument that perception is something we do, not something that happens to us: not a process in the brain, but a skillful bodily activity.

Polymer Reaction Engineering

Polymer Reaction Engineering
Author: Jose Asua
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2008-04-15
ISBN 10: 0470691425
ISBN 13: 9780470691427
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Reaction Engineering Book Review:

Polymers are an example of “products-by-process”, where the final product properties are mostly determined during manufacture, in the reactor. An understanding of processes occurring in the polymerization reactor is therefore crucial to achieving efficient, consistent, safe and environmentally friendly production of polymeric materials. Polymer Reaction Engineering provides the link between the fundamentals of polymerization kinetics and polymer microstructure achieved in the reactor. Organized according to the type of polymerization, each chapter starts with a description of the main polymers produced by the particular method, their key microstructural features and their applications Polymerization kinetics and its effect on reactor configuration, mass and energy balances and scale-up are covered in detail. The text is illustrated with examples emphasizing general concepts, principles and methodology. Written as an authoritative guide for chemists and chemical engineers in industry and academe, Polymer Reaction Engineering will also be a key reference source for advanced courses in polymer chemistry and technology.

The Radiation Chemistry of Polysaccharides

The Radiation Chemistry of Polysaccharides
Author: International Atomic Energy Agency
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 467
Release: 2017-05
ISBN 10: 9789201015167
ISBN 13: 920101516X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Radiation Chemistry of Polysaccharides Book Review:

This publication provides the background and compiles the most recent research findings as well as detailing development activities relating to the development of radiation processed products made of natural polymers. Successes clearly indicate that the radiation processing of natural polymers has emerged as an exciting area where the unique characteristics of these polymeric materials can be exploited for a variety of practical applications in agriculture, healthcare, industry and the environment.

Principles and Applications in Nuclear Engineering

Principles and Applications in Nuclear Engineering
Author: Rehab Abdel Rahman,Hosam El-Din M. Saleh
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 172
Release: 2018-09-19
ISBN 10: 1789236169
ISBN 13: 9781789236163
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles and Applications in Nuclear Engineering Book Review:

Nuclear engineering could be viewed as the engineering field that ensures optimum and sustainable technological applications of natural and induced radioactive materials in different industrial sectors. This book presents some advanced applications in radiation effects, thermal hydraulics, and radionuclide migration in the environment. These scientific contributions from esteemed experts introduce some nuclear safety principals, current knowledge about radiation types, sources and applications, thermal properties of heat transfer media, and the role of sorption in retarding radionuclide migration in the environment. This book also covers the advances in identifying radiation effects in dense gas-metal systems, application of dense granular materials as high power targets in accelerator driven systems and irradiation facilities, evaluation of boiling heat transfer in narrow channels, and application of fluorescence quenching techniques to monitor uranium migration.