The Coddling of the American Mind

The Coddling of the American Mind
Author: Greg Lukianoff,Jonathan Haidt
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2018-09-04
ISBN 10: 0735224900
ISBN 13: 9780735224902
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Coddling of the American Mind Book Review:

Something is going wrong on many college campuses in the last few years. Rates of anxiety, depression, and suicide are rising. Speakers are shouted down. Students and professors say they are walking on eggshells and afraid to speak honestly. How did this happen? First Amendment expert Greg Lukianoff and social psychologist Jonathan Haidt show how the new problems on campus have their origins in three terrible ideas that have become increasingly woven into American childhood and education: what doesn’t kill you makes you weaker; always trust your feelings; and life is a battle between good people and evil people. These three Great Untruths are incompatible with basic psychological principles, as well as ancient wisdom from many cultures. They interfere with healthy development. Anyone who embraces these untruths—and the resulting culture of safetyism—is less likely to become an autonomous adult able to navigate the bumpy road of life. Lukianoff and Haidt investigate the many social trends that have intersected to produce these untruths. They situate the conflicts on campus in the context of America’s rapidly rising political polarization, including a rise in hate crimes and off-campus provocation. They explore changes in childhood including the rise of fearful parenting, the decline of unsupervised play, and the new world of social media that has engulfed teenagers in the last decade. This is a book for anyone who is confused by what is happening on college campuses today, or has children, or is concerned about the growing inability of Americans to live, work, and cooperate across party lines.

The Coddling of the American Mind

The Coddling of the American Mind
Author: Jonathan Haidt,Greg Lukianoff
Publsiher: Penguin UK
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2018-09-04
ISBN 10: 0241308364
ISBN 13: 9780241308363
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Coddling of the American Mind Book Review:

'Excellent, their advice is sound . . . liberal parents, in particular, should read it' Financial Times The New York Times bestseller What doesn't kill you makes you weaker Always trust your feelings Life is a battle between good people and evil people These three Great Untruths contradict basic psychological principles about well-being, as well as ancient wisdom from many cultures. And yet they have become increasingly woven into education, culminating in a stifling culture of "safetyism" that began on American college campuses and is spreading throughout academic institutions in the English-speaking world. In this book, free speech campaigner Greg Lukianoff and social psychologist Jonathan Haidt investigate six trends that caused the spread of these untruths, from the decline of unsupervised play to the corporatization of universities and the rise of new ideas about identity and justice. Lukianoff and Haidt argue that well-intended but misguided attempts to protect young people can hamper their development, with devastating consequences for them, for the educational system and for democracy itself.

The Coddling of the American Mind

The Coddling of the American Mind
Author: Greg Lukianoff,Jonathan Haidt
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2018-09-04
ISBN 10: 0735224897
ISBN 13: 9780735224896
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Coddling of the American Mind Book Review:

New York Times Bestseller • Finalist for the 2018 National Book Critics Circle Award in Nonfiction • A New York Times Notable Book • Bloomberg Best Book of 2018 “Their distinctive contribution to the higher-education debate is to meet safetyism on its own, psychological turf . . . Lukianoff and Haidt tell us that safetyism undermines the freedom of inquiry and speech that are indispensable to universities.” —Jonathan Marks, Commentary “The remedies the book outlines should be considered on college campuses, among parents of current and future students, and by anyone longing for a more sane society.” —Pittsburgh Post-Gazette Something has been going wrong on many college campuses in the last few years. Speakers are shouted down. Students and professors say they are walking on eggshells and are afraid to speak honestly. Rates of anxiety, depression, and suicide are rising—on campus as well as nationally. How did this happen? First Amendment expert Greg Lukianoff and social psychologist Jonathan Haidt show how the new problems on campus have their origins in three terrible ideas that have become increasingly woven into American childhood and education: What doesn’t kill you makes you weaker; always trust your feelings; and life is a battle between good people and evil people. These three Great Untruths contradict basic psychological principles about well-being and ancient wisdom from many cultures. Embracing these untruths—and the resulting culture of safetyism—interferes with young people’s social, emotional, and intellectual development. It makes it harder for them to become autonomous adults who are able to navigate the bumpy road of life. Lukianoff and Haidt investigate the many social trends that have intersected to promote the spread of these untruths. They explore changes in childhood such as the rise of fearful parenting, the decline of unsupervised, child-directed play, and the new world of social media that has engulfed teenagers in the last decade. They examine changes on campus, including the corporatization of universities and the emergence of new ideas about identity and justice. They situate the conflicts on campus within the context of America’s rapidly rising political polarization and dysfunction. This is a book for anyone who is confused by what is happening on college campuses today, or has children, or is concerned about the growing inability of Americans to live, work, and cooperate across party lines.

The Splintering of the American Mind

The Splintering of the American Mind
Author: William Egginton
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2018-08-28
ISBN 10: 1635571340
ISBN 13: 9781635571349
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Splintering of the American Mind Book Review:

A timely, provocative, necessary look at how identity politics has come to dominate college campuses and higher education in America at the expense of a more essential commitment to equality. Thirty years after the culture wars, identity politics is now the norm on college campuses-and it hasn't been an unalloyed good for our education system or the country. Though the civil rights movement, feminism, and gay pride led to profoundly positive social changes, William Egginton argues that our culture's increasingly narrow focus on individual rights puts us in a dangerous place. The goal of our education system, and particularly the liberal arts, was originally to strengthen community; but the exclusive focus on individualism has led to a new kind of intolerance, degrades our civic discourse, and fatally distracts progressive politics from its commitment to equality. Egginton argues that our colleges and universities have become exclusive, expensive clubs for the cultural and economic elite instead of a national, publicly funded project for the betterment of the country. Only a return to the goals of community, and the egalitarian values underlying a liberal arts education, can head off the further fracturing of the body politic and the splintering of the American mind. With lively, on-the-ground reporting and trenchant analysis, The Splintering of the American Mind is a powerful book that is guaranteed to be controversial within academia and beyond. At this critical juncture, the book challenges higher education and every American to reengage with our history and its contexts, and to imagine our nation in new and more inclusive ways.

Closing of the American Mind

Closing of the American Mind
Author: Allan Bloom
Publsiher: Simon and Schuster
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2008-06-30
ISBN 10: 9781439126264
ISBN 13: 1439126267
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Closing of the American Mind Book Review:

The Closing of the American Mind, a publishing phenomenon in hardcover, is now a paperback literary event. In this acclaimed number one national best-seller, one of our country's most distinguished political philosophers argues that the social/political crisis of 20th-century America is really an intellectual crisis. Allan Bloom's sweeping analysis is essential to understanding America today. It has fired the imagination of a public ripe for change.

Unlearning Liberty

Unlearning Liberty
Author: Greg Lukianoff
Publsiher: Encounter Books
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2014-03-11
ISBN 10: 1594037337
ISBN 13: 9781594037337
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Unlearning Liberty Book Review:

For over a generation, shocking cases of censorship at America’s colleges and universities have taught students the wrong lessons about living in a free society. Drawing on a decade of experience battling for freedom of speech on campus, First Amendment lawyer Greg Lukianoff reveals how higher education fails to teach students to become critical thinkers: by stifling open debate, our campuses are supercharging ideological divisions, promoting groupthink, and encouraging an unscholarly certainty about complex issues. Lukianoff walks readers through the life of a modern-day college student, from orientation to the end of freshman year. Through this lens, he describes startling violations of free speech rights: a student in Indiana punished for publicly reading a book, a student in Georgia expelled for a pro-environment collage he posted on Facebook, students at Yale banned from putting an F. Scott Fitzgerald quote on a T shirt, and students across the country corralled into tiny “free speech zones” when they wanted to express their views. But Lukianoff goes further, demonstrating how this culture of censorship is bleeding into the larger society. As he explores public controversies involving Juan Williams, Rush Limbaugh, Bill Maher, Richard Dawkins, Larry Summers—even Dave Barry and Jon Stewart—Lukianoff paints a stark picture of our ability as a nation to discuss important issues rationally. Unlearning Liberty: Campus Censorship and the End of American Debate illuminates how intolerance for dissent and debate on today’s campus threatens the freedom of every citizen and makes us all just a little bit dumber.

The Righteous Mind

The Righteous Mind
Author: Jonathan Haidt
Publsiher: Vintage
Total Pages: 500
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 0307455777
ISBN 13: 9780307455772
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Righteous Mind Book Review:

Presents a groundbreaking investigation into the origins of morality at the core of religion and politics, offering scholarly insight into the motivations behind cultural clashes that are polarizing America.

Why Do They Vote That Way

Why Do They Vote That Way
Author: Jonathan Haidt
Publsiher: Vintage
Total Pages: 30
Release: 2018-10-02
ISBN 10: 0525566686
ISBN 13: 9780525566687
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Why Do They Vote That Way Book Review:

To understand what drives the rift that divides our populace between liberal and conservative, social psychologist Jonathan Haidt has spent twenty-five years examining the moral foundations that undergird and inform two differing world views: the political left and right place different values of importance on order, care, fairness, loyalty, authority, and liberty. From one of our keenest dissectors of moral systems, Why Do They Vote That Way? explains how deeply ingrained moral systems have estranged conservatives and liberals from one another while crossing the political divide in a search for understanding the miracle of human cooperation. A Vintage Shorts Selection. An ebook short.

The Rise of Victimhood Culture

The Rise of Victimhood Culture
Author: Bradley Campbell,Jason Manning
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 278
Release: 2018-03-07
ISBN 10: 3319703293
ISBN 13: 9783319703299
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Rise of Victimhood Culture Book Review:

The Rise of Victimhood Culture offers a framework for understanding recent moral conflicts at U.S. universities, which have bled into society at large. These are not the familiar clashes between liberals and conservatives or the religious and the secular: instead, they are clashes between a new moral culture—victimhood culture—and a more traditional culture of dignity. Even as students increasingly demand trigger warnings and “safe spaces,” many young people are quick to police the words and deeds of others, who in turn claim that political correctness has run amok. Interestingly, members of both camps often consider themselves victims of the other. In tracking the rise of victimhood culture, Bradley Campbell and Jason Manning help to decode an often dizzying cultural milieu, from campus riots over conservative speakers and debates around free speech to the election of Donald Trump.

Freedom from Speech

Freedom from Speech
Author: Greg Lukianoff
Publsiher: Encounter Books
Total Pages: 48
Release: 2014-09-09
ISBN 10: 1594038074
ISBN 13: 9781594038075
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Freedom from Speech Book Review:

Summary Analysis of The Coddling of the American Mind

Summary   Analysis of The Coddling of the American Mind
Author: ZIP Reads
Publsiher: ZIP Reads
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: 9182736450XXX
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Summary Analysis of The Coddling of the American Mind Book Review:

PLEASE NOTE: This is a summary and analysis of the book and not the original book. If you'd like to purchase the original book, please paste this link in your browser: https://amzn.to/2NaVJGq In their bestselling book, The Coddling of the American Mind, Greg Lukianoff and Jonathan Haidt explore the culture of fragility and safetyism that has invaded American universities since 2013 and the underlying causes behind it. What does this ZIP Reads Summary Include? Synopsis of the original bookA Guide to the three Great Untruths being taught in AmericaDetailed retellings of the incidences infecting American college campusesSix drivers of the coddling and "culture of safetyism"Actionable advice to fight the Great Untruths at home and in schoolIn depth-Editorial reviewBackground on Greg Lukianoff and Jonathan Haidt About the Original Book: In The Coddling of the American Mind, Lukianoff and Haidt explore in detail the rise in the disinivtation of guest speakers at college campuses, the outbreak of violent protests, and the heightened sensitivity of students in a culture of "safetyism" that has spread nationwide. They present three great untruths that have led to this phenomenon, delve into the causes behind them, and provide actionable advice for the future. Whether you're a student, a parent, or a citizen concerned for the political divisiveness taking over the country,The Coddling of the American Mindprovides real answers to the issues facing the nation today. DISCLAIMER: This book is intended as a companion to, not a replacement for, The Coddling of the American Mind. ZIP Reads is wholly responsible for this content and is not associated with the original author in any way. Please follow this link: https://amzn.to/2NaVJGq to purchase a copy of the original book. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com and affiliated sites.

Can t We All Disagree More Constructively

Can t We All Disagree More Constructively
Author: Jonathan Haidt
Publsiher: Vintage
Total Pages: 24
Release: 2016-10-04
ISBN 10: 0525433783
ISBN 13: 9780525433781
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Can t We All Disagree More Constructively Book Review:

As America descends deeper into polarization and paralysis, social psychologist Jonathan Haidt has done the seemingly impossible—he has explained the origins of morality, politics, and religion in a way that speaks to everyone on the political spectrum. Drawing on twenty-five years of groundbreaking research, Haidt shows why liberals, conservatives, and libertarians have such different intuitions about right and wrong, and why we need the insights of each if we are to flourish as a nation. Here is the key to understanding the miracle of human cooperation and the eternal curse of moralistic aggression, across the political divide and around the world. A Vintage Shorts Selection. An ebook short.

Free Range Kids

Free Range Kids
Author: Lenore Skenazy
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2021-06-16
ISBN 10: 1119782147
ISBN 13: 9781119782148
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Free Range Kids Book Review:

Learn to raise independent, can-do kids with a new edition of the book that started a movement In the newly revised and expanded Second Edition of Free-Range Kids, New York columnist-turned-movement leader Lenore Skenazy delivers a compelling and entertaining look at how we got so worried about everything our kids do, see, eat, read, wear, watch and lick -- and how to bid a whole lot of that anxiety goodbye. With real-world examples, advice, and a gimlet-eyed look at the way our culture forces fear down our throats, Skenazy describes how parents and educators can step back so kids step up. Positive change is faster, easier and a lot more fun than you’d believe. This is the book that has helped millions of American parents feel brave and optimistic again – and the same goes for their kids. Using research, humor, and feisty common sense, the book shows: How parents can reject the media message, “Your child is in horrible danger!” How schools can give students more independence -- and what happens when they do. (Hint: Teachers love it.) How everyone can relax and successfully navigate a judge-y world filled with way too many warnings, scolds and brand new fears Perfect for parents and guardians of children of all ages, Free-Range Kids will also earn a place in the libraries of K-12 educators who want their students to blossom with newfound confidence and cheer.

Summary Analysis The Coddling of the American Mind By Greg Lukianoff Johnathan Haidt How Good Intentions And Bad Ideas Are Setting Up A Generation For Failure

Summary   Analysis   The Coddling of the American Mind By Greg Lukianoff   Johnathan Haidt   How Good Intentions And Bad Ideas Are Setting Up A Generation For Failure
Author: Black Book
Publsiher: Lulu Press, Inc
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2018-12-08
ISBN 10: 035928017X
ISBN 13: 9780359280179
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Summary Analysis The Coddling of the American Mind By Greg Lukianoff Johnathan Haidt How Good Intentions And Bad Ideas Are Setting Up A Generation For Failure Book Review:

Summary of The Coddling of The American Mind Greg Lukianoff and Jonathon Haidt expose the reasons behind the increase of anxiety, depression, and suicide on college campuses today. They expose the Three Great Untruths that have been indoctrinated into our young people through parenting and education, and how policy has shut down the right to free speech, critical thinking, and social integration. After an explanation as to the foundation of the problems, Lukianoff and Haidt shed light on psychological truths, parenting skills, suggestions for positive changes in the education system, and step by step instructions for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. For more information click on BUY BUTTON!!!

All Minus One

All Minus One
Author: John Stuart Mill
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021-04-15
ISBN 10: 9780692087145
ISBN 13: 0692087141
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

All Minus One Book Review:

Off the Clock

Off the Clock
Author: Laura Vanderkam
Publsiher: Penguin
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2018-05-29
ISBN 10: 0735219826
ISBN 13: 9780735219823
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Off the Clock Book Review:

"I well recall a conversation with an executive I hoped to interview about her astonishing productivity. I began our call with an assurance that I would not take much of her time. She laughed. 'Oh, I have all the time in the world,' she said." Most of us feel constantly behind, unsure how to escape feeling oppressed by busyness. Laura Vanderkam, unlike other time-management gurus, believes that in order to get more done, we must first feel like we have all the time in the world. Think about it: why haven't you trained for that 5K or read War and Peace? Probably because you feel beaten down by all the time you don't seem to have. In this book, Vanderkam reveals the seven counterintuitive principles the most time-free people have adopted. She teaches mindset shifts to help you feel calm on the busiest days and tools to help you get more done without feeling overwhelmed. You'll meet people such as... ♦ An elementary school principal who figured out how to spend more time mentoring teachers, and less time supervising the cafeteria ♦ An executive who builds lots of meeting-free space into his calendar, despite managing teams across multiple continents ♦ A CEO who does focused work in a Waffle House early in the morning, so he can keep an open door and a relaxed mindset all day ♦ An artist who overcame a creative block, and reached new heights of productivity, by being more gentle with herself, rather than more demanding The strategies in this book can help if your life feels out of control, but they can also help if you want to take your career, your relationships, and your personal happiness to the next level. Vanderkam has packed this book with insights from busy yet relaxed professionals, including "time makeovers" of people who are learning how to use these tools. Off the Clock can inspire the rest of us to create lives that are not only productive, but enjoyable in the moment.

Invisible Frontier

Invisible Frontier
Author: L.B. Deyo,David Leibowitz
Publsiher: Crown
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2007-12-18
ISBN 10: 0307421104
ISBN 13: 9780307421104
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Invisible Frontier Book Review:

In the shadows of the city waits an invisible frontier—a wilderness thriving in the deep places, woven through dead storm drains and live subway tunnels, coursing over third rails. This frontier waits in the walls of abandoned tenements, hides on the rooftops, infiltrates the bridges’ steel. It’s a no-man’s-land, fenced off with razor wire, marked by warning signs, persisting in shadow, hidden everywhere as a parallel dimension. Crowds hurry through the bright streets, insulated by pavement, never reflecting that beneath their feet or above their heads lurks a universe. Led by its two founding agents, L. B. Deyo and David “Lefty” Leibowitz, Jinx is a stylish urban adventure out?t known for its daring—if sometimes ridiculous—forays into the hidden wonders that lurk above and beneath America’s greatest city, New York. In Invisible Frontier L. B. and Lefty chronicle Jinx’s dramatic—if sometimes absurd—exploration of a Dante-esque New York, from the depths of the city’s underground Hell (abandoned aqueducts and subway tunnels) to the pinnacles of its Paradise (rooftops and bridges) and everything in between, capturing the genius of the city’s engineering, the vibrancy of its found art, and the elegiac beauty of its ruins. Here is a true series of wittily narrated adventures into the hidden world beneath a great civilization.

Summary of The Coddling of the American Mind by Greg Lukianoff Jonathan Haidt

Summary of The Coddling of the American Mind by Greg Lukianoff  Jonathan Haidt
Author: Blinkread
Publsiher: Independently Published
Total Pages: 38
Release: 2020-07-22
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: 9798668325399
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Summary of The Coddling of the American Mind by Greg Lukianoff Jonathan Haidt Book Review:

DISCLAIMER: This is a book summary of Thе Cоddlіng of the American Mіnd: Hоw Gооd Intеntіоnѕ аnd Bаd Idеаѕ Arе Sеttіng Uр a Gеnеrаtіоn fоr Fаіlurе Bу Grеg Lukianoff, Jоnаthаn Hаіdt and is not the original book. This bооk іѕ nоt mеаnt tо rерlасе thе оrіgіnаl bооk but tо ѕеrvе аѕ a companion tо іt.SYNOPSIS: The Cоddlіng оf thе Amеrісаn Mіnd (2018) seeks to go bеhіnd the scandalized reporting аnd to establish whаt'ѕ rеаllу hарреnіng оn US соllеgе campuses. Drаwіng оn рѕусhоlоgісаl thеоrу аnd wіdе-rаngіng rеѕеаrсh, Thе Cоddlіng оf thе Amеrісаn Mіnd demonstrates thаt university lіfе hаѕ tаkеn a wоrrуіng turn. ABOUT THЕ AUTHОR: Grеg Lukіаnоff is thе CEO and рrеѕіdеnt of the Fоundаtіоn fоr Individual Rіghtѕ іn Education (FIRE), a free-speech аdvосасу grоuр fосuѕіng оn college саmрuѕеѕ. Hе is the author оf Frееdоm Frоm Speech аnd Unlеаrnіng Liberty. Jоnаthаn Haidt іѕ thе Thоmаѕ Cooley Professor оf Ethical Lеаdеrѕhір аt New Yоrk Unіvеrѕіtу'ѕ Stern Sсhооl of Buѕіnеѕѕ. Hе hаѕ аlѕо wrіttеn Thе Rіghtеоuѕ Mind аnd Thе Hарріnеѕѕ Hуроthеѕіѕ.

When the Tempest Gathers

When the Tempest Gathers
Author: Andrew Milburn
Publsiher: Pen and Sword Military
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2020-02-08
ISBN 10: 1526750562
ISBN 13: 9781526750563
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

When the Tempest Gathers Book Review:

A US marine and Special Ops Commander recounts his combat experiences through Iraq and beyond in this “powerful and beautifully written memoir” (The Washington Times). These are the combat experiences of the first Marine to command a special operations task force. Andrew Milburn takes readers on his journey from Second Lieutenant to Colonel and Task Force Commander; from leading Marines through the streets of Mogadishu, Baghdad, Fallujah and Mosul to directing multi-national special operations forces in the fight against ISIS. Through it all, he shares the hard-won lessons he learned, and shows how he put them to use in a complex fight against a formidable foe. Very few personal accounts of war cover such a wide breadth of experience. Milburn tells his extraordinary story with humility and candor, describing his personal struggles with the isolation of command, post-combat trauma and family tragedy. And with the skill and insight of a natural storyteller, he makes the reader experience what it’s like to lead those who fight America’s wars. “Simply the finest war memoir to emerge from the last two decades of constant fighting.” —New York Times bestselling author Bing West

Let s Be Reasonable

Let s Be Reasonable
Author: Jonathan Marks
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2021-02-09
ISBN 10: 0691193851
ISBN 13: 9780691193854
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Let s Be Reasonable Book Review:

A conservative college professor's compelling defense of liberal education Not so long ago, conservative intellectuals such as William F. Buckley Jr. believed universities were worth fighting for. Today, conservatives seem more inclined to burn them down. In Let's Be Reasonable, conservative political theorist and professor Jonathan Marks finds in liberal education an antidote to this despair, arguing that the true purpose of college is to encourage people to be reasonable—and revealing why the health of our democracy is at stake. Drawing on the ideas of John Locke and other thinkers, Marks presents the case for why, now more than ever, conservatives must not give up on higher education. He recognizes that professors and administrators frequently adopt the language and priorities of the left, but he explains why conservative nightmare visions of liberal persecution and indoctrination bear little resemblance to what actually goes on in college classrooms. Marks examines why advocates for liberal education struggle to offer a coherent defense of themselves against their conservative critics, and demonstrates why such a defense must rest on the cultivation of reason and of pride in being reasonable. More than just a campus battlefield guide, Let's Be Reasonable recovers what is truly liberal about liberal education—the ability to reason for oneself and with others—and shows why the liberally educated person considers reason to be more than just a tool for scoring political points.