Surfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC

Surfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC
Author: Edgar Acosta,Jeffrey Harwell,David A Sabatini
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 335
Release: 2021-12-01
ISBN 10: 0128214821
ISBN 13: 9780128214824
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC Book Review:

Surfactants are molecules that contain groups that are water-loving (hydrophilic) and oil-loving (lipophilic). The central question in formulations is often which of the two portions dominate the behavior of the surfactant. For many years that question was answered in terms of the surfactant structure only. However, the modern view is that the hydrophilic-lipophilic nature of the surfactant is the result of surfactant structure and formulation conditions (nature of the oil, temperature, aqueous phase composition) as captured by a semi-empirical equation called the hydrophilic-lipophilic difference (HLD). The HLD is a dimensionless number that indicate the approach to the point where the surfactant inverts its solubility from being water-soluble (negative HLD) to oil-soluble (positive HLD). The HLD alone is a good indicator of how the formulation could behave but it does not produce any formulation property that can be used to predict product performance. The net-average curvature (NAC) are a set of equations that take the value of HLD to predict the properties of the formulation, such as oil (and/or water) solubilization capacity, interfacial tension, phase diagrams, contact angle and others. The book will not only introduce the reader to HLD-NAC but also to the practical use of these concepts in numerous applications ranging from application in the petroleum industry, to environmental remediation, to food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical applications, and even nanotechnology. The last part of the book will look at the molecular origins of the empirical terms in HLD via the Integrated Free Energy Model (IFEM). Concentrates on the HLD and NAC, providing industrially-relevant examples Provides the only single depository for HLD parameters Balances theory and application, with insights from both academic and industrial authors Includes examples relevant to a wide range of fields, with practical guides on how to go from the formulation objective(s) to an actual formulation design

Biobased Surfactants

Biobased Surfactants
Author: Douglas G. Hayes,Daniel K. Solaiman,Richard D. Ashby
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 541
Release: 2019-04-30
ISBN 10: 0128127066
ISBN 13: 9780128127063
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biobased Surfactants Book Review:

Biobased Surfactants: Synthesis, Properties, and Applications, Second Edition, covers biosurfactant synthesis and applications and demonstrates how to reduce manufacturing and purification costs, impurities, and by-products. Fully updated, this book covers surfactants in biomedical applications, detergents, personal care, food, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and nanotechnology. It reflects on the latest developments in biobased surfactant science and provides case scenarios to guide readers in efficient and effective biobased surfactant application, along with strategies for research into new applications. This book is written from a biorefinery-based perspective by an international team of experts and acts as a key text for researchers and practitioners involved in the synthesis, utilization, and development of biobased surfactants. Describes new and emerging biobased surfactants and their synthesis and development Showcases an interdisciplinary approach to the topic, featuring applications to chemistry, biotechnology, biomedicine, and other areas Presents the entire lifecycle of biobased surfactants in detail

Surfactant Science and Technology

Surfactant Science and Technology
Author: Laurence S. Romsted
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 593
Release: 2014-05-05
ISBN 10: 1439882967
ISBN 13: 9781439882962
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surfactant Science and Technology Book Review:

Surfactant research explores the forces responsible for surfactant assembly and the critical industrial, medical, and personal applications, including viscosity control, microelectronics, drug stabilization, drug delivery, cosmetics, enhanced oil recovery, and foods. Surfactant Science and Technology: Retrospects and Prospects, "a Festschrift in honor of Dr. Kash Mittal," provides a broad perspective with chapters contributed by leaders in the fields of surfactant-based physical, organic, and materials chemistries. Many of the authors participated in a special symposium in Melbourne, Australia, honoring Kash Mittal’s 100th edited book at the 18th Surfactants in Solution (SIS) meeting. Each chapter provides an overview of a specific research area, with discussions on past, present, and future directions. The book is divided into six parts. Part I reviews the evolution of theoretical models for surfactant self-assembly, and introduces a model for interpreting ion-specific effects on aggregate properties. Part II focuses on interactions of surfactant solutions with solid supports; uses contact angles to understand hydrophobic/hydrophilic changes in a lipid layer; uses surface tension to understand molecular arrangements at interfaces; reviews spreading phenomena; discusses pattern formation on solid surfaces; and applies tensiometry to probe flavor components of espresso. Part III discusses novel DNA-based materials, multifunctional poly(amino acid)s–based graft polymers for drug delivery, and polymeric surfactants for stabilizing suspensions and emulsions. Part IV introduces farm-based biosurfactants from natural products and "greener" biosurfactants from bacteria. Part V explores lyotropic liquid crystals and their applications in triggered drug release; microemulsion properties and controlled drug release; the role of hydrotopes in formulations and in enhancing solubilization in liquid crystals; the potential of ionic liquids to generate tunable and selective reaction media; and provides an overview of stimuli-responsive surfactants. Focusing on emulsions, Part VI reviews the design of emulsion properties for various commercial applications, the role of surfactants in the oil and gas industries, and surfactant mechanisms for soil removal via microemulsions and emulsification.

SURFACTANT SCIENCE

SURFACTANT SCIENCE
Author: Steven Abbott
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2017-11-28
ISBN 10: 9781605954844
ISBN 13: 1605954845
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

SURFACTANT SCIENCE Book Review:

A concise and practical reference for understanding surfactant systems Offers original formulas and phase diagrams for improved surfactant design and performance¿ Equations related to online computer apps allow readers to test their own data Written in a conversational form, with a focus on real-world problems and troubleshooting Applications to detergents, coatings, cosmetics, soil and water remediation, and biosurfactants Full chapter included on foam and anti-foam science

Nonionic Surfactants

Nonionic Surfactants
Author: Martin J. Schick
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 1158
Release: 1987-03-27
ISBN 10: 9780824775308
ISBN 13: 0824775309
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nonionic Surfactants Book Review:

Microemulsions and Related Systems

Microemulsions and Related Systems
Author: Maurice Bourrel,Robert Samuel Schechter
Publsiher: Editions TECHNIP
Total Pages: 393
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 9782710809562
ISBN 13: 2710809567
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Microemulsions and Related Systems Book Review:

Beginning with P.A. Winsor's fundamental hypothesis on a natural interfacial curvature depending on the values of the formulation variables, this unique book shows scientists how to understand the intrinsic structure of these complex systems and their corresponding physical properties... predict how a change in one formulation variable (surfactant structure, oil structure, aqueous phase composition, temperature, etc.) will modify the microemulsion... and systematically formulate microemulsions for individual applications.This book provides a thermodynamic analysis supporting the existence of natural interfacial curvature... compares the behavior of commercial surfactant mixtures and pure isomeric surfactant molecules in order to point out differences and similarities highly significant for various uses... explains how micelles can evolve smoothly and continuously toward solutions containing large quantities of oil and water... gives procedures for fixing quantitative relationships among formulation variables... plus much more.Illustrated with more than 200 diagrams, tables, and photographs, and completely referenced, this superb volume is essential reading for surfactant, colloid, and physical chemists in both academe and industry, as well as chemical engineers, biotechnologists, and petroleum engineers.Contents: 1. The R-Ratio. 2. Aqueous solutions containing amphiphiles. 3. Nonpolar solutions containing amphiphiles. 4. The phase behavior and properties of solutions containing amphiphiles, organic liquids, and water: micellar solutions. 5. Methods for promoting phase changes. 6. Compensating changes between formulation variables. 7. Solubilization. 8. Thermodynamics of solubilized systems.

Handbook of Microemulsion Science and Technology

Handbook of Microemulsion Science and Technology
Author: K.L. Mittal
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 864
Release: 2018-05-02
ISBN 10: 1351442333
ISBN 13: 9781351442336
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Microemulsion Science and Technology Book Review:

Demonstrating methods for overcoming stability issues in paints, wax dispersions, cosmetics, food products, and other industrial applications, this reference probes theoretical and practical issues surrounding microemulsion science and technology. Featuring the work of 51 international experts and containing almost 1000 instructive tables, equations, and illustrations, this book reviews the performance of, and prospects for, experimental methods such as X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), light scattering, small angle neutron scattering, viscosimetry, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) to characterize various aspects of the dispersed phase of microemulsions.

Surfactants in Cosmetics Second Edition

Surfactants in Cosmetics  Second Edition
Author: Martin Rieger
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 658
Release: 2017-09-29
ISBN 10: 1351412485
ISBN 13: 9781351412483
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surfactants in Cosmetics Second Edition Book Review:

""Second Edition provides a thorough, up-to-date treatment of the fundamental behavior of surface active agents in solutions, their interaction with biological structures from proteins and membranes to the stratum corneum and epidermis, and their performance in formulations such as shampoos, dentifrice, aerosols, and skin cleansers.

Surfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC

Surfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC
Author: Edgar Acosta,Jeffrey Harwell,David A Sabatini
Publsiher: Academic Press and AOCS Press
Total Pages: 335
Release: 2021-12-15
ISBN 10: 9780128214817
ISBN 13: 0128214813
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surfactant Formulation Engineering using HLD and NAC Book Review:

Surfactants are molecules that contain groups that are water-loving (hydrophilic) and oil-loving (lipophilic). The central question in formulations is often which of the two portions dominate the behavior of the surfactant. For many years that question was answered in terms of the surfactant structure only. However, the modern view is that the hydrophilic-lipophilic nature of the surfactant is the result of surfactant structure and formulation conditions (nature of the oil, temperature, aqueous phase composition) as captured by a semi-empirical equation called the hydrophilic-lipophilic difference (HLD). The HLD is a dimensionless number that indicate the approach to the point where the surfactant inverts its solubility from being water-soluble (negative HLD) to oil-soluble (positive HLD). The HLD alone is a good indicator of how the formulation could behave but it does not produce any formulation property that can be used to predict product performance. The net-average curvature (NAC) are a set of equations that take the value of HLD to predict the properties of the formulation, such as oil (and/or water) solubilization capacity, interfacial tension, phase diagrams, contact angle and others. The book will not only introduce the reader to HLD-NAC but also to the practical use of these concepts in numerous applications ranging from application in the petroleum industry, to environmental remediation, to food, cosmetic and pharmaceutical applications, and even nanotechnology. The last part of the book will look at the molecular origins of the empirical terms in HLD via the Integrated Free Energy Model (IFEM). Concentrates on the HLD and NAC, providing industrially-relevant examples Provides the only single depository for HLD parameters Balances theory and application, with insights from both academic and industrial authors Includes examples relevant to a wide range of fields, with practical guides on how to go from the formulation objective(s) to an actual formulation design

Modern Chemical Enhanced Oil Recovery

Modern Chemical Enhanced Oil Recovery
Author: James Sheng
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 648
Release: 2010-11-25
ISBN 10: 9780080961637
ISBN 13: 0080961630
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modern Chemical Enhanced Oil Recovery Book Review:

Crude oil development and production in U.S. oil reservoirs can include up to three distinct phases: primary, secondary, and tertiary (or enhanced) recovery. During primary recovery, the natural pressure of the reservoir or gravity drive oil into the wellbore, combined with artificial lift techniques (such as pumps) which bring the oil to the surface. But only about 10 percent of a reservoir's original oil in place is typically produced during primary recovery. Secondary recovery techniques to the field's productive life generally by injecting water or gas to displace oil and drive it to a production wellbore, resulting in the recovery of 20 to 40 percent of the original oil in place. In the past two decades, major oil companies and research organizations have conducted extensive theoretical and laboratory EOR (enhanced oil recovery) researches, to include validating pilot and field trials relevant to much needed domestic commercial application, while western countries had terminated such endeavours almost completely due to low oil prices. In recent years, oil demand has soared and now these operations have become more desirable. This book is about the recent developments in the area as well as the technology for enhancing oil recovery. The book provides important case studies related to over one hundred EOR pilot and field applications in a variety of oil fields. These case studies focus on practical problems, underlying theoretical and modelling methods, operational parameters (e.g., injected chemical concentration, slug sizes, flooding schemes and well spacing), solutions and sensitivity studies, and performance optimization strategies. The book strikes an ideal balance between theory and practice, and would be invaluable to academicians and oil company practitioners alike. Updated chemical EOR fundamentals providing clear picture of fundamental concepts Practical cases with problems and solutions providing practical analogues and experiences Actual data regarding ranges of operation parameters providing initial design parameters Step-by-step calculation examples providing practical engineers with convenient procedures

Phenomena in Mixed Surfactant Systems

Phenomena in Mixed Surfactant Systems
Author: John F. Scamehorn
Publsiher: Amer Chemical Society
Total Pages: 349
Release: 1986
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCAL:B4455171
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phenomena in Mixed Surfactant Systems Book Review:

Mixed Surfactant Systems

Mixed Surfactant Systems
Author: Paul M. Holland,Okla.) Colloid and Surface Science Symposium (65th : 1991 : Norman
Publsiher: Amer Chemical Society
Total Pages: 451
Release: 1992
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015025393557
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mixed Surfactant Systems Book Review:

Presents a broad survey of the properties, behavior, and modeling of mixed surfactant systems, including mixed micellar solutions, phenomena at interfaces, phase behavior, and mixtures with unusual surfactant types. Covers chemical reactions in mixed micelles, approaches to molecular modeling of mixed surfactant aggregates, and new experimental techniques for studying mixed micelles and adsorption on surfaces. Features contributions from leading specialists in colloid and surface science, including Robert S. Schechter, John F. Scamehorn, Milton J. Rosen, Keizo Ogino, and Denver G. Hall.

Advances in Processing Technologies for Bio based Nanosystems in Food

Advances in Processing Technologies for Bio based Nanosystems in Food
Author: Óscar L. Ramos,Ricardo N. Pereira,Miguel A. Cerqueria,José A. Teixeira,António A. Vicente
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2019-07-25
ISBN 10: 1351710044
ISBN 13: 9781351710046
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Processing Technologies for Bio based Nanosystems in Food Book Review:

Nanotechnology can be used to address challenges faced by the food and bioprocessing industries for developing and implementing improved or novel systems that can produce safer, nutritious, healthier, sustainable, and environmental-friendly food products. This book overviews the most recent advances made on the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology that significantly influenced the food industry. Advances in Processing Technologies for Bio-Based Nanosystems in Food provides a multidisciplinary review of the complex mechanisms involved in the research, development, production and legislation of food containing nanostructures systems. Features: Presents the most recent advances made in the field of nanoscience and nanotechnology as applied to the food industry Discusses innovative approaches and processing technologies Shows how nanotechnology can be used to produce safer, nutritious, healthier, sustainable and environmental-friendly food products Covers the complex mechanisms involved in the research, development, production and legislation of food containing nanostructures Selected examples of nanotechnology applications in food industry are shown, focusing on advanced aspects of food packaging, processing and preservation; followed by one contribution that presents the potential commercialization and the main challenges for scale-up. Comprised of 15 chapters, this book provides much-needed and up-to-date information on the use of emergent technologies in bio-based nanosystems for foods, and serves as an ideal reference for scientists, regulators, industrialists, and consumers that conduct research and development in the food processing industry.

Natural Surfactants

Natural Surfactants
Author: Neha Saxena,Ajay Mandal
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 45
Release: 2021-07-15
ISBN 10: 3030785483
ISBN 13: 9783030785482
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Surfactants Book Review:

This book focuses on the use of natural surfactants in enhanced oil recovery, providing an overview of surfactants, their types, and different physical–chemical properties used to analyse the efficiency of surfactants. Natural surfactants discuss the history of the surfactants, their classification, and the use of surfactants in petroleum industry. Special attention has been paid to natural surfactants and their advantages over synthetic surfactants, including analysing their properties such as emulsification, interfacial tension, and wettability and how these can be used in EOR. This book offers an overview for researchers and graduate students in the fields of petroleum and chemical engineering, as well as oil and gas industry professionals.

Wormlike Micelles

Wormlike Micelles
Author: Cecile A Dreiss,Yujun Feng
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 414
Release: 2017-03-21
ISBN 10: 178262516X
ISBN 13: 9781782625162
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wormlike Micelles Book Review:

Wormlike micelles are elongated flexible self-assembled structures created from the aggregation of amphiphiles and their resulting dynamic networks have gained attention for a number of uses, particularly in the oil industry. Written by experts, Wormlike Micelles describes the latest developments in the field providing an authoritative guide on the subject. The book starts with an introductory chapter giving an overview of the area and then looks at the three key topics of new wormlike micelle systems, characterization and applications. New systems covered in the first part include reverse wormlike micelles and stimuli-responsive wormlike micelles. The second part explores cutting-edge techniques that have led to advances in the understanding of their structure and dynamics, including direct imaging techniques and the combination of rheology with small-angle neutron scattering techniques. Finally, the book reviews their use in oil and gas well treatments as well as surfactant drag reducing solutions. Aimed at postgraduate students and researchers, this text is essential reading for anyone interested in soft matter systems.

Surfactants and Detergents

Surfactants and Detergents
Author: Ashim Dutta
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 102
Release: 2019-11-20
ISBN 10: 1789846609
ISBN 13: 9781789846607
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Surfactants and Detergents Book Review:

Surfactants by virtue of their structure form self-assembled organized structures that exhibit fascinating properties useful for a wide range of applications. This book is a compilation of chapters from leading experts highlighting the use of specific surfactants and their functional properties in new and emerging areas of science and technology. The first two chapters of this book discuss the various applications of surfactants, including their use in cosmetics, oil recovery from rocks and mineral processing. Subsequent chapters cover advanced topics like new-generation polymer-based nanoparticles with microbial activity and complex phase systems formed as a result of charge-induced interactions between surfactants, polymers and proteins with potential applications in medical devices. In addition, this book reports for the first time on bio-surfactants extracted from micro-organisms present in the clouds. This report is not the only one of its kind, but it opens up a totally new area of research in terms of an unexplored source of bio-surfactants. It also paves the way for understanding their role in controlling our atmosphere and climate.

Catastrophic Perioperative Complications and Management

Catastrophic Perioperative Complications and Management
Author: Charles J. Fox, III,Elyse M. Cornett,G. E. Ghali
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 418
Release: 2019-03-19
ISBN 10: 331996125X
ISBN 13: 9783319961255
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Catastrophic Perioperative Complications and Management Book Review:

For years the administrative of anesthesia was extremely dangerous and risky. Because of this the surgeon and anesthesiologist had to balance the risks and benefits for each patient before proceeding with surgery. In the last two decades the care of the surgical patient has changed dramatically. New equipment, monitors and pharmacologic agents have transformed surgical technique and improved outcomes. Patients once deemed “too sick” for the operating room are found frequently on operating room schedules nationwide. Today, anesthesiology for the healthy patient in most developed countries is extremely safe. However, perioperative complications still occur. These events can be catastrophic for patients and may have serious implications for residents, surgical and anesthesiology staff and nurses. Prompt recognition and management of these incidents may reduce or negate complications. This is based on a fundamental base of knowledge acquired through several avenues and practiced with other team members to maximize outcomes. Engagement of all caregivers impacts outcomes. Many organizations do not have the structural components or education to recognize or manage these catastrophic events. This textbook will provide educational material for the many students, as well as nurses, residents or attending physicians who participate in perioperative medicine. It will focus on the most serious perioperative complications and include a discussion of the pathophysiologic and pharmacologic implications unique to each. Additionally, it will provide medicolegal information pertinent to those providing care to these patients. All chapters will be written with the most current and relevant information by leading experts in each field.The layout and format is designed to be purposeful, logical and visually effective. Other features include review questions and answers, chapter summaries and shaded call-out boxes to facilitate learning. Catastrophic Perioperative Complications and Management will be of great utility for medical and nursing students, anesthesiology residents, student nurse anesthestists, surgical residents, nurses involved in perioperative medicine as well as surgical and anesthesiology attending physicians.

Pharmaceutical Emulsions and Suspensions

Pharmaceutical Emulsions and Suspensions
Author: Françoise Nielloud
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 660
Release: 2000-02-25
ISBN 10: 9781420001518
ISBN 13: 1420001515
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pharmaceutical Emulsions and Suspensions Book Review:

Analyzes construction of experiments, focusing on variables, models, matrices, and reproducibility. This timely reference systematically examines the basic concepts and theoretical issues, methodologies for experiment and measurement, and practical health applications of emulsions and dispersions-describing formulation problems and identifying potential carriers for the delivery or targeting of new drugs. Evaluates anionic, cationic, and nonionic surfactants as dispersing, emulsifying, foaming, penetrating, and wetting agents. Written by more than 20 international researchers, Pharmaceutical Emulsions and Suspensions discusses uses of macroemulsions and (submicron) microemulsions illuminates delivery devices such as microparticles, nanospheres, liposomes, and mixed micelles investigates the application of self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS) introduces techniques for increasing drug solubility with nanosuspensions addresses stabilization, flocculation, and coagulation problems in pharmaceutical and cosmetic suspensions surveys drug delivery by way of dermatological, follicular, and ocular routes explains the pharmacodynamics, bioavailability, and pharmacokinetics in the drug formulation development process compares and contrasts monomeric and micellar adsorption at oil-water interfaces and more! Containing over 1800 references, tables, equations, drawings, and micrographs, Pharmaceutical Emulsions and Suspensions is an ideal resource for pharmacists; physical, surface, colloid, cosmetic, food, and agricultural chemists; and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in these disciplines.

Industrial Applications of Microemulsions

Industrial Applications of Microemulsions
Author: Conxita Solans,Hironobu Kunieda
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 424
Release: 1996-11-27
ISBN 10: 9780824797959
ISBN 13: 0824797957
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Industrial Applications of Microemulsions Book Review:

"Fills a void in the literature by presenting the basic concepts of microemulsions, essential to understanding their industrial significance, and comprehensive descriptions of the most useful commerical applications. Discusses important issues related to enzymatic reactions and nanoparticle formation. Charts the enormous advances that have occurred in the field over the past decade."

Encyclopedia of Emulsion Technology

Encyclopedia of Emulsion Technology
Author: Daniel Schuster
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 376
Release: 1996-06-12
ISBN 10: 9780824793807
ISBN 13: 0824793803
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Emulsion Technology Book Review:

This volume extends the discussions of basic theory and applications featured in volumes 1-3 of this series. It includes details on emulsion stability and emulsification; an examination on the effect of added polymers on emulsion rheology; findings on the role of repulsive forces in aqueous solubility, micelle stability, micro-emulsion formation, and phase separation; and a model for microemulsions.