Substitute Natural Gas from Waste

Substitute Natural Gas from Waste
Author: Massimiliano Materazzi,Pier Ugo Foscolo
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 538
Release: 2019-05-01
ISBN 10: 0128156449
ISBN 13: 9780128156445
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Substitute Natural Gas from Waste Book Review:

Substitute Natural Gas from Waste: Technical Assessment and Industrial Applications of Biochemical and Thermochemical Processes provides an overview of the science and technology of anaerobic digestion and thermal gasification for the treatment of biomass and unrecyclable waste residues. The book provides both the theoretical and practical basis for the clean and high-efficiency utilization of waste and biomass to produce Bio-Substitute Natural Gas (SNG). It examines different routes to produce bio-SNG from waste feedstocks, detailing solutions to unique problems, such as scale up issues and process integration. Final sections review waste sourcing and processing. This book is an ideal and practical reference for those developing, designing, scaling and managing bio-SNG production and utilization systems. Engineering students will find this to be a comprehensive resource on the application of fundamental concepts of bio-SNG production that are illustrated through innovative, recent case studies. Presents detailed scientific and technical information Describes up-to-date concepts, processes and plants for efficient anaerobic digestion and gasification of wastes and syngas utilization Compares gasification with anaerobic digestion for different situations Proposes alternative strategies to increase efficiency and overcome energy balance limitations Includes benchmarking data and industrial real-life examples to demonstrate the main process features and implementation pathways of bio-SNG systems from dry and wet waste, both in developed and developing countries

Sustainable Food Waste to Energy Systems

Sustainable Food Waste to Energy Systems
Author: Thomas Trabold,Callie W. Babbitt
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2018-09-05
ISBN 10: 0128111585
ISBN 13: 9780128111581
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Food Waste to Energy Systems Book Review:

Sustainable Food Waste-to-Energy Systems assesses the utilization of food waste in sustainable energy conversion systems. It explores all sources of waste generated in the food supply chain (downstream from agriculture), with coverage of industrial, commercial, institutional and residential sources. It provides a detailed analysis of the conventional pathways for food waste disposal and utilization, including composting, incineration, landfilling and wastewater treatment. Next, users will find valuable sections on the chemical, biochemical and thermochemical waste-to-energy conversion processes applicable for food waste and an assessment of commercially available sustainable food waste-to-energy conversion technologies. Sustainability aspects, including consideration of environmental, economic and social impacts are also explored. The book concludes with an analysis of how deploying waste-to-energy systems is dependent on cross-cutting research methods, including geographical information systems and big data. It is a useful resource for professionals working in waste-to-energy technologies, as well as those in the food industry and food waste management sector planning and implementing these systems, but is also ideal for researchers, graduate students, energy policymakers and energy analysts interested in the most recent advances in the field. Provides guidance on how specific food waste characteristics drive possible waste-to-energy conversion processes Presents methodologies for selecting among different waste-to-energy options, based on waste volumes, distribution and properties, local energy demand (electrical/thermal/steam), opportunities for industrial symbiosis, regulations and incentives and social acceptance, etc. Contains tools to assess potential environmental and economic performance of deployed systems Links to publicly available resources on food waste data for energy conversion

Gasification for Low grade Feedstock

Gasification for Low grade Feedstock
Author: Yongseung Yun
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2018-07-11
ISBN 10: 1789232880
ISBN 13: 9781789232882
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gasification for Low grade Feedstock Book Review:

Most coveted energy forms nowadays are gas in nature and electricity due to their environmental cleanness and convenience. Recently, gasification market trend is starting to switch to low-grade feedstock such as biomass, wastes, and low-rank coal that are still not properly utilized. In this sense, the most promising area of development in gasification field lies in low-grade feedstock that should be converted to more user-friendly gas or electricity form in utilization. This book tried to shed light on the works on gasification from many parts of the world and thus can feel the technology status and the areas of interest regarding gasification for low-grade feedstock.

Papers on Substitute Natural Gas from Hydrocarbon Liquids

Papers on Substitute Natural Gas from Hydrocarbon Liquids
Author: Institute of Gas Technology
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 455
Release: 1973
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: WISC:89034094813
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Papers on Substitute Natural Gas from Hydrocarbon Liquids Book Review:

Conversion of Urban Refuse to Substitute Natural Gas by the Biogas superscript TM Process

Conversion of Urban Refuse to Substitute Natural Gas by the Biogas  superscript TM  Process
Author: Sambhunath Ghosh,Donald L. Klass,Institute of Gas Technology
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 15
Release: 1974
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:122540142
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Conversion of Urban Refuse to Substitute Natural Gas by the Biogas superscript TM Process Book Review:

Advances in Natural Gas Technology

Advances in Natural Gas Technology
Author: Hamid Al-Megren
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 556
Release: 2012-04-11
ISBN 10: 9535105078
ISBN 13: 9789535105077
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Natural Gas Technology Book Review:

Natural gas is a vital component of the world's supply of energy and an important source of many bulk chemicals and speciality chemicals. It is one of the cleanest, safest, and most useful of all energy sources, and helps to meet the world's rising demand for cleaner energy into the future. However, exploring, producing and bringing gas to the user or converting gas into desired chemicals is a systematical engineering project, and every step requires thorough understanding of gas and the surrounding environment. Any advances in the process link could make a step change in gas industry. There have been increasing efforts in gas industry in recent years. With state-of-the-art contributions by leading experts in the field, this book addressed the technology advances in natural gas industry.

Solid Waste Management and Greenhouse Gases

Solid Waste Management and Greenhouse Gases
Author: Barry Leonard
Publsiher: DIANE Publishing
Total Pages: 136
Release: 2001-01-01
ISBN 10: 0756733510
ISBN 13: 9780756733513
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Waste Management and Greenhouse Gases Book Review:

In the 21st century, management of municipal solid waste (MSW) continues to be an important environmental challenge facing the U.S. Climate change is also a serious issue, & the U.S. is embarking on a number of voluntary actions to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) that can intensify climate change. By presenting material-specific GHG emission factors for various waste management options, this report examines how the two issues -- MSW management & climate change -- are related. The report's findings may be used to support a variety of programs & activities, including voluntary reporting of emission reductions from waste management practices. Charts, tables & graphs.

Biogas

Biogas
Author: Abd El-Fatah Abomohra,Mahdy Elsayed,Zuzeng Qin,Hongbing Ji,Zili Liu
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 188
Release: 2021-04-28
ISBN 10: 1839626682
ISBN 13: 9781839626685
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biogas Book Review:

Anaerobic digestion (AD) is by far the most important technology for providing clean renewable energy to millions in rural areas of many developing countries. AD of biowastes produces both biomethane and anaerobic digestate as a byproduct that can be used further as a biofertilizer. Biowastes including sewage, food processing wastes, animal wastes, and lignocellulosic wastes typically produce biogas containing 55%–70% biomethane. In the context of energy consumption, more than 85% of the total energy consumed currently comes from non-renewable fossil resources. Biogas technology can provide sustainable, affordable, and eco-friendly energy through waste recycling. This book provides basic knowledge and recent research on biogas production, focusing on the enhancement of biomethane and production routes integrated with microalgae cultivation or agriculture.

Advanced Biomass Gasification

Advanced Biomass Gasification
Author: Steffen Heidenreich,Michael Müller,Pier Ugo Foscolo
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 140
Release: 2016-06-07
ISBN 10: 0128043679
ISBN 13: 9780128043677
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Biomass Gasification Book Review:

Advanced Biomass Gasification: New Concepts for Efficiency Increase and Product Flexibility provides a thorough overview on new concepts in biomass gasification and consolidated information on advances for process integration and combination, which could otherwise only be gained by reading a high number of journal publications. Heidenreich, Müller and Foscolo, highly respected experts in this field, start their exploration with the compact UNIQUE reactor, gasification and pyrolysis, gasification and combustion, and catalysts and membranes. The authors then examine biomass pre-treatment processes, taking into account the energy balance of the overall conversion process, and look into oxygen-steam gasification and solutions for air separation, including new options for integration of O2-membranes into the gasifier. Several polygeneration strategies are covered, including combined heat and power (CHP) production with synthetic natural gas (SNG), biofuels and hydrogen, and new cutting-edge concepts, such as plasma gasification, supercritical water gasification, and catalytic gasification, which allows for insights on the future technological outlook of the area. This book is then a valuable resource for industry and academia-based researchers, as well as graduate students in the energy and chemical sectors with interest in biomass gasification, especially in areas of power engineering, bioenergy, chemical engineering, and catalysis. Explores state-of-the-art technologies that allow for greater efficiency and flexibility in gasification, including process integration, combination, and polygeneration strategies Consolidates information that was, up until now, scattered among several sources, including journal articles Provides a valuable resource for industry and academia-based researchers, as well as graduate students in the energy and chemical sectors with interest in biomass gasification, especially in areas of power engineering, bioenergy, chemical engineering, and catalysis

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage
Author: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group III.
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 431
Release: 2005-12-19
ISBN 10: 052186643X
ISBN 13: 9780521866439
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage Book Review:

IPCC Report on sources, capture, transport, and storage of CO2, for researchers, policy-makers and engineers.

America s Energy Future

America s Energy Future
Author: National Research Council,National Academy of Engineering,National Academy of Sciences,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Committee on America's Energy Future
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 736
Release: 2010-01-15
ISBN 10: 0309116023
ISBN 13: 9780309116022
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

America s Energy Future Book Review:

For multi-user PDF licensing, please contact customer service. Energy touches our lives in countless ways and its costs are felt when we fill up at the gas pump, pay our home heating bills, and keep businesses both large and small running. There are long-term costs as well: to the environment, as natural resources are depleted and pollution contributes to global climate change, and to national security and independence, as many of the world's current energy sources are increasingly concentrated in geopolitically unstable regions. The country's challenge is to develop an energy portfolio that addresses these concerns while still providing sufficient, affordable energy reserves for the nation. The United States has enormous resources to put behind solutions to this energy challenge; the dilemma is to identify which solutions are the right ones. Before deciding which energy technologies to develop, and on what timeline, we need to understand them better. America's Energy Future analyzes the potential of a wide range of technologies for generation, distribution, and conservation of energy. This book considers technologies to increase energy efficiency, coal-fired power generation, nuclear power, renewable energy, oil and natural gas, and alternative transportation fuels. It offers a detailed assessment of the associated impacts and projected costs of implementing each technology and categorizes them into three time frames for implementation.

Sustainable Alternative Syngas Fuel

Sustainable Alternative Syngas Fuel
Author: Chaouki Ghenai,Abrar Inayat
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 104
Release: 2019-11-27
ISBN 10: 1789845807
ISBN 13: 9781789845808
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Alternative Syngas Fuel Book Review:

The development and use of sustainable and alternative fuels (syngas, biogas, biodiesel, bio-oil, hydrogen) derived from sources other than petroleum is needed due to the limited fossil fuel resources, the need for reduction of atmospheric greenhouse gas emissions, energy security, and to meet the future high energy demand due to population growth. New alternative fuels that can be produced locally and derived from renewable sources will be more sustainable compared to fossil fuels. Alternative and renewable fuels can be produced using different thermochemical and bio-chemical processes. Gasification is a thermochemical process used to produce syngas fuel (mainly hydrogen and carbon dioxide) from renewable (biomass) and conventional (coal) sources. The syngas fuels produced from the gasification process can be used for different applications: power generation (combustion of syngas fuel in gas turbine engines), heating, and transportation (internal combustion engines). This book intends to provide the reader with an overview of the current technologies, methods, and strategies of syngas fuel production, characterization, and application.

Waste Incineration and Public Health

Waste Incineration and Public Health
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Life Sciences,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Committee on Health Effects of Waste Incineration
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 364
Release: 2000-10-21
ISBN 10: 030906371X
ISBN 13: 9780309063715
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Waste Incineration and Public Health Book Review:

Incineration has been used widely for waste disposal, including household, hazardous, and medical waste--but there is increasing public concern over the benefits of combusting the waste versus the health risk from pollutants emitted during combustion. Waste Incineration and Public Health informs the emerging debate with the most up-to-date information available on incineration, pollution, and human health--along with expert conclusions and recommendations for further research and improvement of such areas as risk communication. The committee provides details on: Processes involved in incineration and how contaminants are released. Environmental dynamics of contaminants and routes of human exposure. Tools and approaches for assessing possible human health effects. Scientific concerns pertinent to future regulatory actions. The book also examines some of the social, psychological, and economic factors that affect the communities where incineration takes place and addresses the problem of uncertainty and variation in predicting the health effects of incineration processes.

Current Advances in Anaerobic Digestion Technology

Current Advances in Anaerobic Digestion Technology
Author: Marcell Nikolausz
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 230
Release: 2021-03-17
ISBN 10: 303650222X
ISBN 13: 9783036502229
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Current Advances in Anaerobic Digestion Technology Book Review:

Anaerobic digestion (AD) is one of the oldest biotechnological processes and originally referred to biomass degradation under anoxic conditions in both natural and engineered systems. It has been used for decades to treat various waste streams and to produce methane-rich biogas as an important energy carrier, and it has become a major player in electrical power production. AD is a popular, mature technology, and our knowledge about the influencing process parameters as well as about the diverse microbial communities involved in the process has increased dramatically over the last few decades. To avoid competition with food and feed production, the AD feedstock spectrum has constantly been extended to waste products either rich in recalcitrant lignocellulose or containing inhibitory substances such as ammonia, which requires application of various pre-treatments or specific management of the microbial resources. Extending the definition of AD, it can also convert gases rich in hydrogen and carbon dioxide into methane that can substitute natural gas, which opens new opportunities by a direct link to traditional petrochemistry. Furthermore, AD can be coupled with emerging biotechnological applications, such as microbial electrochemical technologies or the production of medium-chain fatty acids by anaerobic fermentation. Ultimately, because of the wide range of applications, AD is still a very vital field in science. This Special Issue highlights some key topics of this research field.

Biofuels

Biofuels
Author: Krzysztof Biernat
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 300
Release: 2018-07-11
ISBN 10: 1789233461
ISBN 13: 9781789233469
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biofuels Book Review:

This book offers the current state of knowledge in the field of biofuels, presented by selected research centers from around the world. Biogas from waste production process and areas of application of biomethane were characterized. Also, possibilities of applications of wastes from fruit bunch of oil palm tree and high biomass/bagasse from sorghum and Bermuda grass for second-generation bioethanol were presented. Processes and mechanisms of biodiesel production, including the review of catalytic transesterification process, and careful analysis of kinetics, including bioreactor system for algae breeding, were widely analyzed. Problem of emissivity of NOx from engines fueled by B20 fuel was characterized. The closing chapters deal with the assessment of the potential of biofuels in Turkey, the components of refinery systems for production of biodegradable plastics from biomass. Also, a chapter concerning the environmental conditions of synthesis gas production as a universal raw material for the production of alternative fuels was also added.

Biomass Gasification in the Netherlands

Biomass Gasification in the Netherlands
Author: Bram van der Drift
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 31
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:918931069
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass Gasification in the Netherlands Book Review:

Hydrogen A renewable energy perspective

Hydrogen  A renewable energy perspective
Author: International Renewable Energy Agency IRENA
Publsiher: International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)
Total Pages: 52
Release: 2019-09-01
ISBN 10: 9292602071
ISBN 13: 9789292602079
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrogen A renewable energy perspective Book Review:

This paper examines the potential of hydrogen fuel for hard-to-decarbonise energy uses, including aviation, shipping and other. But the decarbonisation impact depends on how hydrogen is produced.

Commercial Aircraft Propulsion and Energy Systems Research

Commercial Aircraft Propulsion and Energy Systems Research
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Committee on Propulsion and Energy Systems to Reduce Commercial Aviation Carbon Emissions
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 122
Release: 2016-08-09
ISBN 10: 0309440998
ISBN 13: 9780309440998
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Commercial Aircraft Propulsion and Energy Systems Research Book Review:

The primary human activities that release carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere are the combustion of fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and oil) to generate electricity, the provision of energy for transportation, and as a consequence of some industrial processes. Although aviation CO2 emissions only make up approximately 2.0 to 2.5 percent of total global annual CO2 emissions, research to reduce CO2 emissions is urgent because (1) such reductions may be legislated even as commercial air travel grows, (2) because it takes new technology a long time to propagate into and through the aviation fleet, and (3) because of the ongoing impact of global CO2 emissions. Commercial Aircraft Propulsion and Energy Systems Research develops a national research agenda for reducing CO2 emissions from commercial aviation. This report focuses on propulsion and energy technologies for reducing carbon emissions from large, commercial aircraftâ€" single-aisle and twin-aisle aircraft that carry 100 or more passengersâ€"because such aircraft account for more than 90 percent of global emissions from commercial aircraft. Moreover, while smaller aircraft also emit CO2, they make only a minor contribution to global emissions, and many technologies that reduce CO2 emissions for large aircraft also apply to smaller aircraft. As commercial aviation continues to grow in terms of revenue-passenger miles and cargo ton miles, CO2 emissions are expected to increase. To reduce the contribution of aviation to climate change, it is essential to improve the effectiveness of ongoing efforts to reduce emissions and initiate research into new approaches.

Biothermal Gasification of Biomass

Biothermal Gasification of Biomass
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1980
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1066383464
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biothermal Gasification of Biomass Book Review:

The BIOTHERMGAS Process is described for conversion of biomass, organic residues, and peat to substitute natural gas (SNG). This new process, under development at IGT, combines biological and thermal processes for total conversion of a broad variety of organic feeds (regardless of water or nutrient content). The process employs thermal gasification for conversion of refractory digester residues. Ammonia and other inorganic nutrients are recycled from the thermal process effluent to the bioconversion unit. Biomethanation and catalytic methanation are presented as alternative processes for methanation of thermal conversion product gases. Waste heat from the thermal component is used to supply the digester heat requirements of the bioconversion component. The results of a preliminary systems analysis of three possible applications of this process are presented: (1) 10,000 ton/day Bermuda grass plant with catalytic methanation; (2) 10,000 ton/day Bermuda grass plant with biomethanation; and (3) 1000 ton/day municipal solid waste (MSW) sewage sludge plant with biomethanation. The results indicate that for these examples, performance is superior to that expected for biological or thermal processes used separately. The results of laboratory studies presented suggest that effective conversion of thermal product gases can be accomplished by biomethanation.

Synthetic Fuels

Synthetic Fuels
Author: Ronald F. Probstein,R. Edwin Hicks
Publsiher: Courier Corporation
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2013-04-15
ISBN 10: 0486319334
ISBN 13: 9780486319339
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Synthetic Fuels Book Review:

This book, the outgrowth of a graduate course the authors taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, was designed to fill an urgent need—the training of engineers in the production of synthetic fuels to replace dwindling supplies of natural ones. The authors presented synthetic fuels as a unified engineering subject, while recognizing that many of its principles are well-understood aspects of various engineering fields. The presentation begins with a review of chemical and physical fundamentals and conversion fundamentals, and proceeds to coal gasification and gas upgrading. Subsequent chapters examine liquids and clean solids produced from coal, liquids obtained from oil shale and tar sands, biomass conversion, and environmental, economic, and related aspects of synthetic fuel use. The text is directed toward beginning graduate students and advanced undergraduates in chemical and mechanical engineering, but should also appeal to students from other disciplines, including environmental, mining, petroleum, and industrial engineering, as well as chemistry. It also serves as a reference and guide for professionals.