Stress Genetics Epigenetics and Genomics

Stress  Genetics  Epigenetics and Genomics
Author: George Fink
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2020-11-01
ISBN 10: 0128131578
ISBN 13: 9780128131572
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stress Genetics Epigenetics and Genomics Book Review:

This fourth volume in the Handbook of Stress series, Stress: Genetics, Epigenetics and Genomics, deals with the influence that genetics, epigenetics, and genomics have on the effects of and responses to stress. Chapters refer to epigenetic mechanisms that involve DNA methylation, histone modification, and/or noncoding RNA-associated gene activation or silencing. There is also coverage of epigenetic mechanisms in stress-related transgenerational transmission of characteristics, and how these may help explain heritability in some complex human diseases. The Handbook of Stress series, comprised of self-contained volumes that each focus on a specific stress area, covers the significant advances made since the publication of Elsevier’s Encyclopedia of Stress (2000 and 2007). Volume 4 is ideal for graduate students, post-doctoral fellows, faculty and clinicians interested in stress genetics, epigenetics and genomics involved in neuroendocrinology, neuroscience, biomedicine, endocrinology, psychology, psychiatry and the social sciences. Articles carefully selected by eminent stress researchers and prepared by contributors representing outstanding scholarship in the field, with each chapter fully vetted for reliable expert knowledge Richly illustrated with explanatory figures and tables Each chapter includes a boxed “Key points call out section Affordably priced, self-contained volume for readers specifically interested in stress genetics and epigenetics, removing the need to purchase the whole Handbook series

Epigenetic pathways in PTSD how traumatic experiences leave their signature on the genome

Epigenetic pathways in PTSD  how traumatic experiences leave their signature on the genome
Author: Tania L Roth,David M Diamond,Karestan C Koenen
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 158
Release: 2015-04-14
ISBN 10: 2889194582
ISBN 13: 9782889194582
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetic pathways in PTSD how traumatic experiences leave their signature on the genome Book Review:

This research topic focuses on epigenetic components of PTSD. Epigenetic mechanisms are a class of molecular mechanisms by which environmental influences, including stress, can interact with the genome to have long-term consequences for brain plasticity and behavior. Articles herein include empirical reports and reviews that link stress and trauma with epigenetic alterations in humans and animal models of early- or later-life stress. Themes present throughout the collection include: DNA methylation is a useful biomarker of stress and treatment outcome in humans; epigenetic programming of stress-sensitive physiological systems early in development confers an enhanced risk on disease development upon re-exposure to trauma or stress; and, long-lived fear memories are associated with epigenetic alterations in fear memory and extinction brain circuitry.

Stress and Epigenetics in Suicide

Stress and Epigenetics in Suicide
Author: Vsevolod Rozanov
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 236
Release: 2017-02-13
ISBN 10: 0128052864
ISBN 13: 9780128052860
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Stress and Epigenetics in Suicide Book Review:

Stress and Epigenetics in Suicidediscusses the central role of epigenetic modifications in suicidal behavior. As early-life stress and an individual's ability to cope with such stressors, combined with psychological factors, social factors, and existential and cognitive factors can predispose young people to suicidal behavior and put them at added risk of suicidal behavior later in life, this book provides readers with an overview of the neurobiology of stress, an introduction to the epigenetic changes induced by stress, and an understanding of how vulnerability and resilience to stress are built. It integrates these mechanisms into a biobehavioral model of suicide based on epigenetic marks, gene-environment interactions, and other stressors. More importantly, it provides future direction for research and discusses potential interventions. This book is an ideal and trusted resource for researchers and clinicians who are interested in learning how the environment can affect behavior through genetics, and for those seeking the development of new methods for suicide prevention. Explores the neurobiology of stress and stress-related epigenetics, including discussion of the role of stress-induced epigenetic changes in behavioral, emotional, and cognitive mechanisms and whether these epigenetic marks are transgenerational Provides compelling biobehavioral models of suicide based on genetics, epigenetics, and behavioral adjustment Integrates social, psychological, and existential influences, giving readers a better understanding of the interdisciplinary nature of suicide risk factors Presents future directions for suicide-prevention strategies that incorporate recent research on genomics and stress resilience

Epigenetics in Psychiatry

Epigenetics in Psychiatry
Author: Jacob Peedicayil,Dennis R. Grayson,Dimitri Avramopoulos
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 664
Release: 2014-06-23
ISBN 10: 0124171346
ISBN 13: 9780124171343
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics in Psychiatry Book Review:

Epigenetics in Psychiatry covers all major areas of psychiatry in which extensive epigenetic research has been performed, fully encompassing a diverse and maturing field, including drug addiction, bipolar disorder, epidemiology, cognitive disorders, and the uses of putative epigenetic-based psychotropic drugs. Uniquely, each chapter correlates epigenetics with relevant advances across genomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics. The book acts as a catalyst for further research in this potentially very important and useful area of psychiatry. The elucidation of basic principles of epigenetic biology points to the creation of more optimal and effective therapies for major classes of psychiatric disease. In this regard, epigenetic therapy, the use of drugs to correct epigenetic defects, may help in the pharmacotherapy of patients with these disorders. With time, such advances may eventually point to replacements for psychotropic drugs presently of symptomatic value and low efficacy. Moreover, there is evidence to suggest that other forms of treatment commonly used in the management of psychiatric disorders, like psychotherapy and electroconvulsive therapy, may also act by epigenetic mechanisms. Chapters review fascinating new areas of research across neuronal stem cells, cognitive disorders, and transgenerational epigenetics through drug addiction Relates broad advances in psychiatric epigenetics to a modern understanding of the genome, transcriptome, and protein Catalyzes knowledge discovery in both basic epigenetic biology and clinical application as epigenetic targets for drug discovery

Abiotic Stress Molecular Genetics and Genomics

Abiotic Stress  Molecular Genetics and Genomics
Author: Mukesh Jain, Rohini Garg,Rajeev K Varshney
Publsiher: Frontiers E-books
Total Pages: 101
Release: 2014-12-03
ISBN 10: 2889193594
ISBN 13: 9782889193592
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Abiotic Stress Molecular Genetics and Genomics Book Review:

Abiotic stresses are the major cause that limits productivity of crop plants worldwide. Plants have developed intricate machinery to respond and adapt over these adverse environmental conditions both at physiological and molecular levels. Due to increasing problems of abiotic stresses, plant biotechnologists and breeders need to employ new approaches to improve abiotic stress tolerance in crop plants. Although current research has divulged several key genes, gene regulatory networks and quantitative trait loci that mediate plant responses to various abiotic stresses, the comprehensive understanding of this complex trait is still not available. This e-book is focused on molecular genetics and genomics approaches to understand the plant response/adaptation to various abiotic stresses. It includes different types of articles (original research, method, opinion and review) that provide current insights into different aspects of plant responses and adaptation to abiotic stresses.

Transformations of Lamarckism

Transformations of Lamarckism
Author: Snait Gissis,Eva Jablonka
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 457
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 0262015145
ISBN 13: 9780262015141
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transformations of Lamarckism Book Review:

A reappraisal of Lamarckism--its historical impact and contemporary significance.

New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry
Author: John R. Geddes,Nancy C. Andreasen,Guy M. Goodwin
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 1472
Release: 2020-03-25
ISBN 10: 0192514024
ISBN 13: 9780192514028
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry Book Review:

Over its two editions, The New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry has come to be regarded as one of the most popular and trusted standard psychiatry texts among psychiatrists and trainees. Bringing together 146 chapters from the leading figures in the discipline, it presents a comprehensive account of clinical psychiatry, with reference to its scientific basis and to the patient's perspective throughout. The New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry, Third Edition has been extensively re-structured and streamlined to keep pace with the significant developments that have taken place in the fields of clinical psychiatry and neuroscience since publication of the second edition in 2009. The new edition has been updated throughout to include the most recent versions of the two main classification systems—-the DSM-5 and the ICD-11—-used throughout the world for the diagnosis of mental disorders. In the years since publication of the first edition, many new and exciting discoveries have occurred in the biological sciences, which are having a major impact on how we study and practise psychiatry. In addition, psychiatry has fostered closer ties with philosophy, and these are leading to healthy discussions about how we should diagnose and treat mental illness. This new edition recognises these and other developments. Throughout, accounts of clinical practice are linked to the underlying science, and to the evidence for the efficacy of treatments. Physical and psychological treatments, including psychodynamic approaches, are covered in depth. The history of psychiatry, ethics, public health aspects, and public attitudes to psychiatry and to patients are all given due attention.

Genome Stability

Genome Stability
Author: Igor Kovalchuk,Olga Kovalchuk
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 712
Release: 2016-09-03
ISBN 10: 0128033452
ISBN 13: 9780128033456
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genome Stability Book Review:

Every species has to preserve the integrity of its genome to ensure faithful passage of genetic information to the progeny. At the same time, there are times during the life of the organism and population in general when a fine balance in genome stability and diversification has to be made to benefit the survival of the species. Genome Stability teaches the reader how various species maintain this fine balance in genome stability and genome diversification in response to their environments. Genome Stability covers a wide range of topics, including the genome stability of DNA/RNA viruses, prokaryotes, single cell eukaryotes, lower multicellular eukaryotes and mammals. Topics also include major DNA repair mechanisms, the role of chromatin in genome stability, human diseases associated with genome instability as well as changes in genome stability in response to aging. Finally, Genome Stability covers how epigenetic factors contribute to genome stability and how the species pass the memory of the encounters to the progeny, thus influencing the genome of the progeny in an indirect manner. This volume is an essential resource for geneticists, epigeneticists, and molecular biologists who are looking to gain a deeper understanding of this rapidly-expanding field, and can also be of great use to advanced students who are looking to gain additional expertise in genome stability. Includes a collection of chapters on genome stability research from various kingdoms, including topics such as epigenetics and transgenerational effects Provides the first comprehensive coverage of the differences in the mechanisms utilized by different organisms to maintain genomic stability Contains applications of genome instability and its effect on human diseases Explains how various species maintain the fine balance in genome stability and genome diversification in response to their environments

Coping with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Returning Troops

Coping with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Returning Troops
Author: Brenda K. Widerhold
Publsiher: IOS Press
Total Pages: 287
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 1607505703
ISBN 13: 9781607505709
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Coping with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Returning Troops Book Review:

International conference held at Klopeiner See, S'udk'arnten, Austria, Oct. 19-21, 2009.

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation
Author: Suming Huang,Michael D Litt,C. Ann Blakey
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 482
Release: 2015-10-19
ISBN 10: 0128004711
ISBN 13: 9780128004715
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation Book Review:

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation reviews current knowledge on the heritable molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, contribute to disease susceptibility, and point to potential treatment in future therapies. The book shows how these heritable mechanisms allow individual cells to establish stable and unique patterns of gene expression that can be passed through cell divisions without DNA mutations, thereby establishing how different heritable patterns of gene regulation control cell differentiation and organogenesis, resulting in a distinct human organism with a variety of differing cellular functions and tissues. The work begins with basic biology, encompasses methods, cellular and tissue organization, topical issues in epigenetic evolution and environmental epigenesis, and lastly clinical disease discovery and treatment. Each highly illustrated chapter is organized to briefly summarize current research, provide appropriate pedagogical guidance, pertinent methods, relevant model organisms, and clinical examples. Reviews current knowledge on the heritable molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, contribute to disease susceptibility, and point to potential treatment in future therapies Helps readers understand how epigenetic marks are targeted, and to what extent transgenerational epigenetic changes are instilled and possibly passed onto offspring Chapters are replete with clinical examples to empower the basic biology with translational significance Offers more than 100 illustrations to distill key concepts and decipher complex science

Transgenerational Epigenetics

Transgenerational Epigenetics
Author: Trygve Tollefsbol
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2014-05-02
ISBN 10: 0124059228
ISBN 13: 9780124059221
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transgenerational Epigenetics Book Review:

Transgenerational Epigenetics provides a comprehensive analysis of the inheritance of epigenetic phenomena between generations. Recent research points to the existence of biological phenomena that are controlled not through gene mutations, but rather through reversible and heritable epigenetic processes. Epidemiological studies have suggested that environmental factors may be heritable. In fact, environmental factors often play a role in transgenerational epigenetics, which may have selective or adverse effects on the offspring. This epigenetic information can be transferred through a number of mechanisms including DNA methylation, histone modifications or RNA and the effects can persist for multiple generations. This book examines the evolution of epigenetic inheritance, its expression in animal and plant models, and how human diseases, such as metabolic disorders and cardiovascular diseases, appear to be affected by transgenerational epigenetic inheritance. It discusses clinical interventions in transgenerational epigenetic inheritance that may be on the horizon to help prevent diseases before the offspring are born, or to reduce the severity of diseases at the very earliest stages of development in utero, and current controversies in this area of study, as well as future directions for research. Focused discussion of metabolic disorders, cardiovascular diseases and longevity, which appear most affected by reversible and heritable epigenetic processes Encompasses both foundational and clinical aspects including discussions of preventative in utero therapies Covers history, future outlook, disease management and current controversies

Medical Epigenetics

Medical Epigenetics
Author: Trygve Tollefsbol
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 924
Release: 2016-06-21
ISBN 10: 0128032405
ISBN 13: 9780128032404
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medical Epigenetics Book Review:

Medical Epigenetics provides a comprehensive analysis of the importance of epigenetics to health management. The purpose of this book is to fill a current need for a comprehensive volume on the medical aspects of epigenetics with a focus on human systems, epigenetic diseases that affect these systems and modes of treating epigenetic-based disorders and diseases. The intent of this book is to provide a stand-alone comprehensive volume that will cover all human systems relevant to epigenetic maladies and all major aspects of medical epigenetics. The overall goal is to provide the leading book on medical epigenetics that will be useful not only to physicians, nurses, medical students and many others directly involved with health care, but also investigators in life sciences, biotech companies, graduate students and many others who are interested in more applied aspects of epigenetics. Research in the area of translational epigenetics is a cornerstone of this volume. Critical reviews dedicated to the burgeoning role of epigenetics in medical practice Coverage of emerging topics including twin epigenetics as well as epigenetics of gastrointestinal disease, muscle disorders, endocrine disorders, ocular medicine, pediatric diseases, sports medicine, noncoding RNA therapeutics, pain management and regenerative medicine Encompasses a disease-oriented perspective of medical epigenetics as well as diagnostic and prognostic epigenetic approaches to applied medicine

Epigenetics

Epigenetics
Author: Bruce Stillman,David Stewart
Publsiher: CSHL Press
Total Pages: 532
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 0879697318
ISBN 13: 9780879697310
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics Book Review:

The importance of epigenetic regulation of gene expression, particularly in higher organisms, is now clear and the 2004 Cold Spring Harbor Annual Symposium provided many new examples as well as insights into the underlying mechanisms. The resulting volume—with over 60 papers from experts across the field—covers various aspects of nuclear organization and dynamics; genomic imprinting, chromosomal inactivation, and other examples of gene silencing; the histone and DNA modifications associated with these conditions; and the roles of RNA and protein regulators in establishing and maintaining these states.

Nutrigenomics

Nutrigenomics
Author: Gerald Rimbach,Jürgen Fuchs
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2005-05-23
ISBN 10: 142002809X
ISBN 13: 9781420028096
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nutrigenomics Book Review:

Nutritional genomics, also referred to as nutrigenomics, is considered one of the next frontiers in the post-genomic era. Its fundamental premise is that while alterations in gene expression or epigenetic phenomena can subvert a healthy phenotype into manifesting chronic disease, through the introduction of certain nutrients, this process can be reversed or modified. Employing state-of-the-art genomic and proteomic investigations that monitor the expression of thousands of genes in response to diet, nutrigenomics investigates the occurrence of relationship between dietary nutrients and gene expression. Nutrigenomics was compiled to update the reader on recent advances in this emerging field. Over forty experts in nutrition, physiology, pathology, pharmacology, and the microbial sciences from all across the world present cutting-edge developments and emerging methods presently used in nutrigenomics. They include the latest studies and research on the role of oxidants, antioxidants, phytochemicals, and micronutrients in the modulation of gene expression affecting aging, immune function, carcinogenesis, and vascular health. As most human diseases are largely avoidable by lifestyle changes, this places nutrigenomics at the forefront of preventive medicine.

Genomics Circuits and Pathways in Clinical Neuropsychiatry

Genomics  Circuits  and Pathways in Clinical Neuropsychiatry
Author: Thomas Lehner,Bruce L. Miller,Matthew W. State
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 796
Release: 2016-06-07
ISBN 10: 0128005300
ISBN 13: 9780128005309
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genomics Circuits and Pathways in Clinical Neuropsychiatry Book Review:

This foundational work comprehensively examines the current state of the genetics, genomics and brain circuitry of psychiatric and neurological disorders. It consolidates discoveries of specific genes and genomic regions associated with these conditions, the genetic and anatomic architecture of these syndromes, and addresses how recent advances in genomics are leading to a reappraisal of the biology underlying clinical neuroscience. In doing so, it critically examines the promise and limitations of these discoveries toward treatment, and to the interdisciplinary nature of understanding brain and behavior. Coverage includes new discoveries regarding autism, epilepsy, intellectual disability, dementias, movement disorders, language impairment, disorders of attention, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. Genomics, Circuits, and Pathways in Clinical Neuropsychiatry focuses on key concepts, challenges, findings, and methods in genetics, genomics, molecular pathways, brain circuitry, and related neurobiology of neurologic and psychiatric disorders. Provides interdisciplinary appeal in psychiatry, neurology, neuroscience, and genetics Identifies key concepts, methods, and findings Includes coverage of multiple disorders from autism to schizophrenia Reviews specific genes associated with disorders Discusses the genetic architecture of these syndromes Explains how recent findings are influencing the understanding of biology Clarifies the promise of these findings for future treatment

Epigenetics of Aging and Longevity

Epigenetics of Aging and Longevity
Author: Alexey Moskalev,Alexander M. Vaiserman
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2017-11-17
ISBN 10: 012811083X
ISBN 13: 9780128110836
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics of Aging and Longevity Book Review:

Epigenetics of Aging and Longevity provides an in-depth analysis of the epigenetic nature of aging and the role of epigenetic factors in mediating the link between early-life experiences and life-course health and aging. Chapters from leading international contributors explore the effect of adverse conditions in early-life that may result in disrupted epigenetic pathways, as well as the potential to correct these disrupted pathways via targeted therapeutic interventions. Intergenerational epigenetic inheritance, epigenetic drug discovery, and the role of epigenetic mechanisms in regulating specific age-associated illnesses—including cancer and cardiovascular, metabolic, and neurodegenerative diseases—are explored in detail. This book will help researchers in genomic medicine, epigenetics, and biogerontology better understand the epigenetic determinants of aging and longevity, and ultimately aid in developing therapeutics to extend the human life-span and treat age-related disease. Offers a comprehensive overview of the epigenetic nature of aging, as well as the impact of epigenetic factors on longevity and regulating age-related disease Provides readers with clinical and epidemiological evidence for the role of epigenetic mechanisms in mediating the link between early-life experiences, life-course health and aging trajectory Applies current knowledge of epigenetic regulatory pathways towards developing therapeutic interventions for age-related diseases and extending the human lifespan

Sex Stress and Reproductive Success

Sex  Stress and Reproductive Success
Author: David A. Lovejoy,Dalia Barsyte
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 204
Release: 2011-04-04
ISBN 10: 0470979879
ISBN 13: 9780470979877
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex Stress and Reproductive Success Book Review:

Any events that challenge the survival of living organisms may be classified as stressors. These stressors could include, for example, lack of food, increased population pressure, predatory pressure, climatic events or in the case of humans, loss of a loved one, lack of financial security or uncertainty in the future. Although most physiological systems are affected by stress, those systems that regulate reproductive physiology and behaviour are the most sensitive. All multicellular organisms show a stress related effect on reproduction, although the more complex organisms, such as mammals, have the most complex effects. The objective of this book is to provide a comparative analysis of the mechanisms by which stress regulates reproduction exploring the evolution of stress perceiving systems from the simplest organisms to humans. Taking an integrated approach, utilising a genes-to-environment overview, the book examines the stressors that occur at all levels of organisation. These theories are used to examine and explain human and animal reproductive behaviour and physiology under stressful conditions providing a well-written, concise introduction to this important subject.

Epigenetics in Biology and Medicine

Epigenetics in Biology and Medicine
Author: Manel Esteller
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2008-09-17
ISBN 10: 9781420007077
ISBN 13: 1420007076
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics in Biology and Medicine Book Review:

Anomalous epigenetic patterns touch many areas of study including biomedical, scientific, and industrial. With perspectives from international experts, this resource offers an all-inclusive overview of epigenetics, which bridge DNA information and function by regulating gene expression without modifying the DNA sequence itself. Epigenetics, in its

Integrative and Functional Medical Nutrition Therapy

Integrative and Functional Medical Nutrition Therapy
Author: Diana Noland,Jeanne A. Drisko,Leigh Wagner
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 1101
Release: 2020-03-27
ISBN 10: 3030307301
ISBN 13: 9783030307301
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrative and Functional Medical Nutrition Therapy Book Review:

This textbook is a practical guide to the application of the philosophy and principles of Integrative and Functional Medical Nutrition Therapy (IFMNT) in the practice of medicine, and the key role nutrition plays in restoring and maintaining wellness. The textbook provides an overview of recent reviews and studies of physiological and biochemical contributions to IFMNT and address nutritional influences in human heath overall, including poor nutrition, genomics, environmental toxicant exposures, fractured human interactions, limited physical movement, stress, sleep deprivation, and other lifestyle factors. Ultimately, this textbook serves to help practitioners, healthcare systems, and policy makers better understand this different and novel approach to complex chronic disorders. It provides the reader with real world examples of applications of the underlying principles and practices of integrative/functional nutrition therapies and presents the most up-to-date intervention strategies and clinical tools to help the reader keep abreast of developments in this emerging specialty field. Many chapters include comprehensive coverage of the topic and clinical applications with supplementary learning features such as case studies, take-home messages, patient and practitioner handouts, algorithms, and suggested readings. Integrative and Functional Medical Nutrition Therapy: Principles and Practices will serve as an invaluable guide for healthcare professionals in their clinical application of nutrition, lifestyle assessment, and intervention for each unique, individual patient.

Cannabinoids in Health and Disease

Cannabinoids in Health and Disease
Author: Rosaria Meccariello,Rosanna Chianese
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2016-06-15
ISBN 10: 9535124293
ISBN 13: 9789535124290
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cannabinoids in Health and Disease Book Review:

This book provides a comprehensive overview of current knowledge of cannabinoid activity in human physiology and points out the importance of endocannabinoid system for the maintenance of human health and treatment of diseases. Each chapter has been organized with the aim to cover basic concepts in the modulation of endocannabinoid system in both physiological and pathological conditions, thanks to the integration of data from experimental animal models and clinical observations. A special focus has been put on the medical use of cannabinoids and on the targeting of endocannabinoid system as new therapeutic strategy for the prevention and treatment of human diseases. Taken together, this book targets a wide audience of basic and clinical scientists, teachers and students interested in gaining a better understanding in the field of cannabinoids.