Spatiotemporal Analysis of Extreme Hydrological Events

Spatiotemporal Analysis of Extreme Hydrological Events
Author: Gerald Corzo,Emmanouil Varouchakis
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2018-11-20
ISBN 10: 0128117311
ISBN 13: 9780128117316
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spatiotemporal Analysis of Extreme Hydrological Events Book Review:

Spatio-temporal Analysis of Extreme Hydrological Events offers an extensive view of the experiences and applications of the latest developments and methodologies for analyzing and understanding extreme environmental and hydrological events. The book addresses the topic using spatio-temporal methods, such as space-time geostatistics, machine learning, statistical theory, hydrological modelling, neural network and evolutionary algorithms. This important resource for both hydrologists and statisticians interested in the framework of spatial and temporal analysis of hydrological events will provide users with an enhanced understanding of the relationship between magnitude, dynamics and the probability of extreme hydrological events. Presents spatio-temporal processes, including multivariate dynamic modelling Provides varying methodological approaches, giving the readers multiple hydrological modelling information to use in their work Includes a variety of case studies making the context of the book relatable to everyday working situations

Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability

Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability
Author: Assefa M. Melesse,Wossenu Abtew,Gabriel Senay
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 580
Release: 2019-07-03
ISBN 10: 0128159995
ISBN 13: 9780128159996
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability Book Review:

Extreme Hydrology and Climate Variability: Monitoring, Modelling, Adaptation and Mitigation is a compilation of contributions by experts from around the world who discuss extreme hydrology topics, from monitoring, to modeling and management. With extreme climatic and hydrologic events becoming so frequent, this book is a critical source, adding knowledge to the science of extreme hydrology. Topics covered include hydrometeorology monitoring, climate variability and trends, hydrological variability and trends, landscape dynamics, droughts, flood processes, and extreme events management, adaptation and mitigation. Each of the book's chapters provide background and theoretical foundations followed by approaches used and results of the applied studies. This book will be highly used by water resource managers and extreme event researchers who are interested in understanding the processes and teleconnectivity of large-scale climate dynamics and extreme events, predictability, simulation and intervention measures. Presents datasets used and methods followed to support the findings included, allowing readers to follow these steps in their own research Provides variable methodological approaches, thus giving the reader multiple hydrological modeling information to use in their work Includes a variety of case studies, thus making the context of the book relatable to everyday working situations for those studying extreme hydrology Discusses extreme event management, including adaption and mitigation

Statistical Analysis and Stochastic Modelling of Hydrological Extremes

Statistical Analysis and Stochastic Modelling of Hydrological Extremes
Author: Hossein Tabari
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2019-10-28
ISBN 10: 3039216643
ISBN 13: 9783039216642
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Statistical Analysis and Stochastic Modelling of Hydrological Extremes Book Review:

Hydrological extremes have become a major concern because of their devastating consequences and their increased risk as a result of climate change and the growing concentration of people and infrastructure in high-risk zones. The analysis of hydrological extremes is challenging due to their rarity and small sample size, and the interconnections between different types of extremes and becomes further complicated by the untrustworthy representation of meso-scale processes involved in extreme events by coarse spatial and temporal scale models as well as biased or missing observations due to technical difficulties during extreme conditions. The complexity of analyzing hydrological extremes calls for robust statistical methods for the treatment of such events. This Special Issue is motivated by the need to apply and develop innovative stochastic and statistical approaches to analyze hydrological extremes under current and future climate conditions. The papers of this Special Issue focus on six topics associated with hydrological extremes: Historical changes in hydrological extremes; Projected changes in hydrological extremes; Downscaling of hydrological extremes; Early warning and forecasting systems for drought and flood; Interconnections of hydrological extremes; Applicability of satellite data for hydrological studies.

Climate Change and Extreme Events

Climate Change and Extreme Events
Author: Ali Fares
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 254
Release: 2021-02-26
ISBN 10: 0128232889
ISBN 13: 9780128232880
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change and Extreme Events Book Review:

Climate Change and Extreme Events uses a multidisciplinary approach to discuss the relationship between climate change-related weather extremes and their impact on human lives. Topics discussed are grouped into four major sections: weather parameters, hydrological responses, mitigation and adaptation, and governance and policies, with each addressed with regard to past, present and future perspectives. Sections give an overview of weather parameters and hydrological responses, presenting current knowledge and a future outlook on air and stream temperatures, precipitation, storms and hurricanes, flooding, and ecosystem responses to these extremes. Other sections cover extreme weather events and discuss the role of the state in policymaking. This book provides a valuable interdisciplinary resource to climate scientists and meteorologists, environmental researchers, and social scientists interested in extreme weather. Provides an integrated interdisciplinary approach to how climate change impacts the hydrological system Addresses significant knowledge gaps in our understanding of climate change and extreme events Discusses the societal impacts of climate change-related weather extremes, including multilevel governance and adaptation policy

Extreme Hydroclimatic Events and Multivariate Hazards in a Changing Environment

Extreme Hydroclimatic Events and Multivariate Hazards in a Changing Environment
Author: Viviana Maggioni,Christian Massari
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2019-06-06
ISBN 10: 0128149000
ISBN 13: 9780128149003
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extreme Hydroclimatic Events and Multivariate Hazards in a Changing Environment Book Review:

Extreme Hydroclimatic Events and Multivariate Hazards in a Changing Environment: A Remote Sensing Approach reviews multivariate hazards in a non-stationary environment, covering both short and long-term predictions from earth observations, along with long-term climate dynamics and models. The book provides a detailed overview of remotely sensed observations, current and future satellite missions useful for hydrologic studies and water resources engineering, and a review of hydroclimatic hazards. Given these tools, readers can improve their abilities to monitor, model and predict these extremes with remote sensing. In addition, the book covers multivariate hazards, like landslides, in case studies that analyze the combination of natural hazards and their impact on the natural and built environment. Finally, it ties hydroclimatic hazards into the Sendai Framework, providing another set of tools for reducing disaster impacts. Emphasizes recent and future satellite missions to study, monitor and forecast hydroclimatic hazards Provides a complete overview and differentiation of remotely sensed products that are useful for monitoring extreme hydroclimatic and related events Covers real-life examples and applications of integrating remote sensing products to study complex multi-hydroclimatic hazards

Hydrological Drought

Hydrological Drought
Author: Lena M. Tallaksen,Henny A. J. van Lanen
Publsiher: Gulf Professional Publishing
Total Pages: 579
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9780444516886
ISBN 13: 0444516883
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrological Drought Book Review:

The majority of the examples are taken from regions where the rivers run most of the year.

Data Mining and Spatiotemporal Analysis of Extreme Precipitation

Data Mining and Spatiotemporal Analysis of Extreme Precipitation
Author: Josiah Daniel Smith
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 202
Release: 2005
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:67836444
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Data Mining and Spatiotemporal Analysis of Extreme Precipitation Book Review:

Abstract: The Prairie Pothole Region in the Northern Great Plains (PPR-NGP) of the United States frequently fluctuates from drought to deluge. The historical hydrologic record for this region reveals periods of intense, prolonged drought intermingled with rapid and destructive flooding. Drought or flooding is initiated and sustained by deficit or surplus precipitation, respectively. The weather events that accompany these disasters are characterized by large spatial and temporal variations from normal in the frequency and intensity. The unique hydrology and geology of the region makes the PPR-NGP highly sensitive to these weather perturbations. The future looks to bring more warming and thus more intense precipitation to the region. As the frequency of extreme precipitation events rises, the magnitude and occurrence of floods and droughts will be elevated. The objective of this research was to determine the factors controlling precipitation trends, drought, and flooding in the study area. Also, the weather conditions preceding the disastrous events were observed and characterized. The analysis was focused on the effects of varying precipitation intensity, frequency, and antecedent conditions as they pertain to PPR-NGP drought and Red River flooding. The results may be applied to better predict the future trends of flood and drought response to extreme precipitation. Data mining was performed on available weather station observations to extract significant information and use it to derive valuable insight into PPR-NGP drought and flooding behavior. Hydrometeorological indices calculated over various timescales were applied to assess the intensity and frequency of rainfall, the change in snow depths, and the deviation from normal precipitation. Flood discharge hydrographs were classified based on shape parameters and matched to precipitation characteristics. Spatiotemporal and statistical operations were employed to determine the controlling factors of precipitation trends, drought, summer floods, and spring floods in the PPR-NGP and Red River Basin. Current precipitation and stream flow trends indicate the potential for enhanced flood and drought activity. Precipitation intensity and frequency are ascending, but the intensity is increasing more than the frequency of monthly events. The result is that Red River discharge rates are rising six times faster than total precipitation over the basin. The rise in stream flow rates can be explained by elevated precipitation intensity and to some extent precipitation frequency during key flood months. However, the most critical flood month of April has a decreasing total precipitation trend and yet the highest rise in discharge rate. These trends come about because overall fall and winter precipitation rates are on the rise. The antecedent precipitation is stored on and in the frozen ground until released by the spring thaw, which usually takes place in April. Thus, the risk for larger April floods is affected not by a single month but by a half year's worth of increasing precipitation conditions. Large fluctuations in monthly drought conditions were determined to be equally controlled by both the frequency and intensity of precipitation events. Extreme drought took a minimum of two to three months both to develop and dissipate from a semi-arid state. Though, the biggest shifts in month-to-month conditions were observed when both precipitation intensity and frequency were well above or below normal over the same area. So the onset or end of an extreme drought took place more rapidly when the intensity and frequency changes were great and harmonized. Similarly, the spatial extent of the most intense (on average) drought cells was surprisingly little, because the overlap of large precipitation intensity and frequency shifts typically occurred over a small area. Also, the drought duration usually increased when severity reached a higher level, so that multiple months of moderate drought reduced the overall intensity for all but the most severe parts of the cells. The intensity of precipitation events was the main controlling factor in Red River summer flood occurrence and magnitude. Antecedent conditions were not essential to the development of summer floods. Conditions were often near normal prior to a flood because more of the normal rain fell in a fewer number of more intense events. Conversely, the magnitude and occurrence of spring floods was controlled by antecedent precipitation and fast snow melt rates. A significant snow pack was observed prior to both major and minor floods, while a non-flood year had little snow pack over the basin. Fall soil moisture, winter snowfall, and a fast rate of stored water release all had to be present at sufficient levels to trigger a large flood response.

Forensic Analysis

Forensic Analysis
Author: B Suresh Shetty,Jagadish Rao Padubidri
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 128
Release: 2016-09-07
ISBN 10: 9535126326
ISBN 13: 9789535126324
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Forensic Analysis Book Review:

It is my pleasure to place before you the book ''Forensic Analysis - From Death to Justice'' which presents one of the major portions of the broad specialty of Forensic Science comprising mainly of Thanatology and Criminalistics. This book has been designed to incorporate a wide range of new ideas and unique works from all authors from topics like Forensic Engineering, Forensic Entomology and Crime Scene Investigation. I hope that it will be useful to practitioners of forensic medicine, experts, pathologists, law makers, investigating authorities, undergraduate and postgraduate medical school graduates of medicine.

Ecological Modelling of River Wetland Systems

Ecological Modelling of River Wetland Systems
Author: Maria Gabriela Alvarez Mieles
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2019-05-14
ISBN 10: 1000527468
ISBN 13: 9781000527469
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ecological Modelling of River Wetland Systems Book Review:

Around 6% of the Earth's land surface is covered by wetlands. Wetlands play a key role in hydrological and biogeochemical cycles, delivering multiple benefits to society: sources of water supply, flood regulation, water purification, agriculture, fisheries, and biodiversity. Hence, wetland systems are of immense socio-economic as well as ecological importance. In this research, the focus was on the Abras de Mantequilla (AdM) wetland in the tropical coastal region of Ecuador, a RAMSAR site and case study area for the EU-FP7 WETwin project. The research in this thesis involves a combination of field data collection, multivariate analysis techniques, as well as numerical modelling studies. The goal was to explore the effects of changes in hydrological forcing on the hydrodynamic and ecohydraulic responses of the wetland. The study aims to contribute to the understanding of how a tropical river-wetland system functions in terms of hydrodynamics, water quality, primary production, and biotic communities. Spatial patterns of biotic communities and environmental variables are obtained as well as spatio-temporal variability of hydrodynamics, water quality, primary productivity and fish habitat-suitability conditions. In data scarce areas and countries with financial constraints, the combination of field measurements with numerical models was extremely useful and relevant, confirming that these techniques complement each other in obtaining a better understanding of the dynamics of freshwater river–wetland systems. Studies like the present research can be used to enhance awareness about the environmental services of wetlands and stimulate cooperation between all stakeholders in order to achieve more sustainable wetland management.

Extremes in Nature

Extremes in Nature
Author: Gianfausto Salvadori,Carlo De Michele,Nathabandu T. Kottegoda,Renzo Rosso
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2007-06-01
ISBN 10: 1402044151
ISBN 13: 9781402044151
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extremes in Nature Book Review:

This book is about the theoretical and practical aspects of the statistics of Extreme Events in Nature. Most importantly, this is the first text in which Copulas are introduced and used in Geophysics. Several topics are fully original, and show how standard models and calculations can be improved by exploiting the opportunities offered by Copulas. In addition, new quantities useful for design and risk assessment are introduced.

Extreme Hydrological Events

Extreme Hydrological Events
Author: Zbigniew Kundzewicz
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 459
Release: 1993
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105008935509
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extreme Hydrological Events Book Review:

Analysis of Climate Variability

Analysis of Climate Variability
Author: Hans v. Storch,Antonio Navarra
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 334
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 3662031671
ISBN 13: 9783662031674
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analysis of Climate Variability Book Review:

EUROPEAN SCHOOl OF CLiMATOlOGY AND NATURAL HAZARDS The training of scientific and technical personnel and the development of highly qualified scientists are, and have always been, among the important concerns of the European Commission. Advanced training is an important requirement for the implementation of a common EU policy in science and technology. The European School of Climatology and Natural Hazards was started as apart of the training and education activities of the European Programme on Climatology and Natural Hazards (EPOCH), and is continued under the subsequent research programme (ENVIRONMENT 1990-1994). The school consists of annual courses on specialised subjects within re search in climatology and natural hazards, and is open to graduating, grad uate and post graduate students in these fields. Each of the courses is organized in cooperation with a European Institu tion involved in the current research programme, and is aimed at giving to the students formal lectures and participation in informal discussions with leading researchers. The present volume is based on the lectures given at the course held on the island of Elba from the 30th October to the 6th of November 1993 on Statistical Analysis of Climate Variability. It features selected and extended presentations, and represents an important contribution to advanced studies in climate statistical analysis, supplementing more traditional texts. I trust that all those involved in research related to climate change and climate variability will appreciate this work and will benefit from the com prehensive and state-of-the-art information it provides.

Statistical Downscaling for Hydrological and Environmental Applications

Statistical Downscaling for Hydrological and Environmental Applications
Author: Taesam Lee,Vijay P. Singh
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 165
Release: 2018-09-03
ISBN 10: 042986115X
ISBN 13: 9780429861154
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Statistical Downscaling for Hydrological and Environmental Applications Book Review:

Global climate change is typically understood and modeled using global climate models (GCMs), but the outputs of these models in terms of hydrological variables are only available on coarse or large spatial and time scales, while finer spatial and temporal resolutions are needed to reliably assess the hydro-environmental impacts of climate change. To reliably obtain the required resolutions of hydrological variables, statistical downscaling is typically employed. Statistical Downscaling for Hydrological and Environmental Applications presents statistical downscaling techniques in a practical manner so that both students and practitioners can readily utilize them. Numerous methods are presented, and all are illustrated with practical examples. The book is written so that no prior background in statistics is needed, and it will be useful to graduate students, college faculty, and researchers in hydrology, hydroclimatology, agricultural and environmental sciences, and watershed management. It will also be of interest to environmental policymakers at the local, state, and national levels, as well as readers interested in climate change and its related hydrologic impacts. Features: Examines how to model hydrological events such as extreme rainfall, floods, and droughts at the local, watershed level. Explains how to properly correct for significant biases with the observational data normally found in current Global Climate Models (GCMs). Presents temporal downscaling from daily to hourly with a nonparametric approach. Discusses the myriad effects of climate change on hydrological processes.

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation
Author: Christopher B. Field,Vicente Barros,Thomas F. Stocker,Qin Dahe
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2012-05-28
ISBN 10: 1107380103
ISBN 13: 9781107380103
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation Book Review:

This Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report (IPCC-SREX) explores the challenge of understanding and managing the risks of climate extremes to advance climate change adaptation. Extreme weather and climate events, interacting with exposed and vulnerable human and natural systems, can lead to disasters. Changes in the frequency and severity of the physical events affect disaster risk, but so do the spatially diverse and temporally dynamic patterns of exposure and vulnerability. Some types of extreme weather and climate events have increased in frequency or magnitude, but populations and assets at risk have also increased, with consequences for disaster risk. Opportunities for managing risks of weather- and climate-related disasters exist or can be developed at any scale, local to international. Prepared following strict IPCC procedures, SREX is an invaluable assessment for anyone interested in climate extremes, environmental disasters and adaptation to climate change, including policymakers, the private sector and academic researchers.

From Headwaters to the Ocean

From Headwaters to the Ocean
Author: Makoto Taniguchi,William C. Burnett,Yoshihiro Fukushima,MARTIN HAIGH,Yu Umezawa
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2008-09-11
ISBN 10: 0415472792
ISBN 13: 9780415472791
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

From Headwaters to the Ocean Book Review:

The vulnerability of water resources due to climate change and human activities is globally increasing. The phenomenon of hydrological change is complicated because of the combinations and interactions between natural climate fluctuation, global warming and human activities including changes in land utilization. The impact areas of hydrological changes are also not only within the basin, but reach to the ocean through coastal water exchanges. This book presents contributions focused on integrated water management from headwater to the ocean in a time of climate change and increasing population.

Extreme Natural Hazards Disaster Risks and Societal Implications

Extreme Natural Hazards  Disaster Risks and Societal Implications
Author: Alik Ismail-Zadeh,Jaime Urrutia Fucugauchi,Andrzej Kijko,Kuniyoshi Takeuchi,Ilya Zaliapin
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 413
Release: 2014-04-17
ISBN 10: 1107033861
ISBN 13: 9781107033863
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extreme Natural Hazards Disaster Risks and Societal Implications Book Review:

A unique interdisciplinary approach to disaster risk research, including global hazards and case-studies, for researchers, graduate students and professionals.

Guide to Geography Programs in the Americas

Guide to Geography Programs in the Americas
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2007
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105111057597
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Guide to Geography Programs in the Americas Book Review:

Hydrologic Time Series Analysis

Hydrologic Time Series Analysis
Author: Deepesh Machiwal,Madan Kumar Jha
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2012-03-05
ISBN 10: 9400718616
ISBN 13: 9789400718616
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrologic Time Series Analysis Book Review:

There is a dearth of relevant books dealing with both theory and application of time series analysis techniques, particularly in the field of water resources engineering. Therefore, many hydrologists and hydrogeologists face difficulties in adopting time series analysis as one of the tools for their research. This book fills this gap by providing a proper blend of theoretical and practical aspects of time sereies analysis. It deals with a comprehensive overview of time series characteristics in hydrology/water resources engineering, various tools and techniques for analyzing time series data, theoretical details of 31 available statistical tests along with detailed procedures for applying them to real-world time series data, theory and methodology of stochastic modelling, and current status of time series analysis in hydrological sciences. In adition, it demonstrates the application of most time series tests through a case study as well as presents a comparative performance evaluation of various time series tests, together with four invited case studies from India and abroad. This book will not only serve as a textbook for the students and teachers in water resources engineering but will also serve as the most comprehensive reference to educate researchers/scientists about the theory and practice of time series analysis in hydrological sciences. This book will be very useful to the students, researchers, teachers and professionals involved in water resources, hydrology, ecology, climate change, earth science, and environmental studies.

Empirical Modeling and Its Applications

Empirical Modeling and Its Applications
Author: Dr. Md. Mamun Habib
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 148
Release: 2016-07-20
ISBN 10: 9535124935
ISBN 13: 9789535124931
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Empirical Modeling and Its Applications Book Review:

Empirical modeling has been a useful approach for the analysis of different problems across numerous areas/fields of knowledge. As it is known, this type of modeling is particularly helpful when parametric models, due to various reasons, cannot be constructed. Based on different methodologies and approaches, empirical modeling allows the analyst to obtain an initial understanding of the relationships that exist among the different variables that belong to a particular system or process. In some cases, the results from empirical models can be used in order to make decisions about those variables, with the intent of resolving a given problem in the real-life applications. This book entitled Empirical Modeling and Its Applications consists of six (6) chapters.

Fundamentals of Statistical Hydrology

Fundamentals of Statistical Hydrology
Author: Mauro Naghettini
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 660
Release: 2016-10-26
ISBN 10: 3319435612
ISBN 13: 9783319435619
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fundamentals of Statistical Hydrology Book Review:

This textbook covers the main applications of statistical methods in hydrology. It is written for upper undergraduate and graduate students but can be used as a helpful guide for hydrologists, geographers, meteorologists and engineers. The book is very useful for teaching, as it covers the main topics of the subject and contains many worked out examples and proposed exercises. Starting from simple notions of the essential graphical examination of hydrological data, the book gives a complete account of the role that probability considerations must play during modelling, diagnosis of model fit, prediction and evaluating the uncertainty in model predictions, including the essence of Bayesian application in hydrology and statistical methods under nonstationarity. The book also offers a comprehensive and useful discussion on subjective topics, such as the selection of probability distributions suitable for hydrological variables. On a practical level, it explains MS Excel charting and computing capabilities, demonstrates the use of Winbugs free software to solve Monte Carlo Markov Chain (MCMC) simulations, and gives examples of free R code to solve nonstationary models with nonlinear link functions with climate covariates.