Solid State NMR and Organic Geochemistry

Solid State NMR and Organic Geochemistry
Author: Jingdong Mao
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 710
Release: 2021-11-15
ISBN 10: 9780128195741
ISBN 13: 0128195746
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid State NMR and Organic Geochemistry Book Review:

Solid-State NMR and Organic Geochemistry explains solid-state NMR from the point of view of organic geochemists interested in applying solid-state NMR in their research. The book sets the scene in the first two chapters by describing the basic concepts of solid-state NMR adapted for non-NMR specialists as well as an overview of organic geochemistry for NMR specialists. The essentials for acquiring reliable spectra of complex organic matter are then described in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 introduces the systematic and advanced solid-state NMR techniques and approach to characterizing complex organic mixtures developed in Dr. Mao's laboratory. Practical aspects of performing solid-state NMR experiments of complex organic matter are discussed in Chapter 5. Chapters 6 through 15 are focused on applications of solid-state NMR in organic geochemistry, starting with geochemically important functional groups and biopolymers, followed by organic matter from soils, water, sediments, and aerosols, peat, coal, kerogen, and oil shale. The interactions of organic matter with organic contaminants probed by solid-state NMR are described in Chapter 16. Finally, the last chapter covers isotopic enrichment and labelling and solid-state NMR, and their applications in organic geochemistry. Bridges the gap between NMR specialists and organic geochemists, adapting solid-state NMR theory for non-NMR specialists Brings together NMR applications for a range of materials not often discussed in other NMR books, including applications to soil, aerosols, peat, coal, kerogen, and more Includes additional resources for further reading and problems to facilitate learning and application of key concepts in each chapter

Organic Geochemistry

Organic Geochemistry
Author: Michael H. Engel,Stephen A. Macko
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 861
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 1461528909
ISBN 13: 9781461528906
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organic Geochemistry Book Review:

As this is the first general textbook for the field published in over twenty years, the editors have taken great care to make sure coverage is comprehensive. Diagenesis of organic matter, kerogens, exploration for fossil fuels, and many other subjects are discussed in detail to provide faculty and students with a thorough introduction to organic geochemistry.

Organic Geochemistry in Petroleum Exploration

Organic Geochemistry in Petroleum Exploration
Author: L. Mattavelli,L. Novelli
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1206
Release: 2013-10-22
ISBN 10: 1483294145
ISBN 13: 9781483294148
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Organic Geochemistry in Petroleum Exploration Book Review:

This volume presents the most significant papers given during the 13th International Meeting in Organic Geochemistry. The intention of the publication is to provide the scholars of this science with its state-of-the-art and recent papers not only in academic research but above all in practical applications. Several papers attest to an increased use of organic geochemistry not only in the oil industry, during all phases of petroleum exploration, but also in the other research areas of coal origin and structure, metallogeny, sedimentology, molecular palaeontology, biochemistry and pollution.

Biochar for Environmental Management

Biochar for Environmental Management
Author: Johannes Lehmann,Stephen Joseph
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 448
Release: 2012-05-16
ISBN 10: 1136571213
ISBN 13: 9781136571213
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biochar for Environmental Management Book Review:

Biochar is the carbon-rich product when biomass (such as wood, manure or crop residues) is heated in a closed container with little or no available air. It can be used to improve agriculture and the environment in several ways, and its stability in soil and superior nutrient-retention properties make it an ideal soil amendment to increase crop yields. In addition to this, biochar sequestration, in combination with sustainable biomass production, can be carbon-negative and therefore used to actively remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, with major implications for mitigation of climate change. Biochar production can also be combined with bioenergy production through the use of the gases that are given off in the pyrolysis process. This book is the first to synthesize the expanding research literature on this topic. The book's interdisciplinary approach, which covers engineering, environmental sciences, agricultural sciences, economics and policy, is a vital tool at this stage of biochar technology development. This comprehensive overview of current knowledge will be of interest to advanced students, researchers and professionals in a wide range of disciplines.

NMR Techniques Applications in Geochemistry Soil Chemistry

NMR Techniques   Applications in Geochemistry   Soil Chemistry
Author: M.A. Wilson
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 366
Release: 2013-10-22
ISBN 10: 1483286622
ISBN 13: 9781483286624
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

NMR Techniques Applications in Geochemistry Soil Chemistry Book Review:

The book provides an in-depth review of the state of the art of NMR spectroscopy as applied to a wide range of geochemical problems. It is intended to assist geochemists and spectroscopists working at the interface between geochemistry and NMR, and almost all areas of organic and inorganic geochemistry where NMR has had an influence are discussed.

50 and More Essential NMR Experiments

50 and More Essential NMR Experiments
Author: Matthias Findeisen,Stefan Berger
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 316
Release: 2013-07-30
ISBN 10: 352733694X
ISBN 13: 9783527336944
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

50 and More Essential NMR Experiments Book Review:

This book is the perfect link for learning how to perform the experiments after only having studied theory. In eight chapters more than 50 essential NMR experiments are described in detail. Special focus is put on the organic set of NMR spectra (1H, 13C-APT, COSY, NOESY, HSQC and HMBC). Different chapters deal with advanced organic NMR, selective methods, heteronuclear NMR, relaxation and diffusion measurements, organic applications and maintenance. Every experiment has a section providing the reader with the purpose and scope of the specific experiment. Every experiment is concluded with the spectrum as it is obtained under the conditions described. Questions and comments enable the reader to check their understanding. The authors are very experienced and the whole book is in full color, which enhances the reading experience and makes the spectra and other figures easier to understand. This book is strongly recommended for all students and researchers who are involved in the structural elucidation of chemical compounds both in practical education and in pursuing research, in particular if they handle an NMR spectrometer.

Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems

Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems
Author: Thomas S. Bianchi,Elizabeth A. Canuel
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2011-02-28
ISBN 10: 1400839106
ISBN 13: 9781400839100
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems Book Review:

This textbook provides a unique and thorough look at the application of chemical biomarkers to aquatic ecosystems. Defining a chemical biomarker as a compound that can be linked to particular sources of organic matter identified in the sediment record, the book indicates that the application of these biomarkers for an understanding of aquatic ecosystems consists of a biogeochemical approach that has been quite successful but underused. This book offers a wide-ranging guide to the broad diversity of these chemical biomarkers, is the first to be structured around the compounds themselves, and examines them in a connected and comprehensive way. This timely book is appropriate for advanced undergraduate and graduate students seeking training in this area; researchers in biochemistry, organic geochemistry, and biogeochemistry; researchers working on aspects of organic cycling in aquatic ecosystems; and paleoceanographers, petroleum geologists, and ecologists. Provides a guide to the broad diversity of chemical biomarkers in aquatic environments The first textbook to be structured around the compounds themselves Describes the structure, biochemical synthesis, analysis, and reactivity of each class of biomarkers Offers a selection of relevant applications to aquatic systems, including lakes, rivers, estuaries, oceans, and paleoenvironments Demonstrates the utility of using organic molecules as tracers of processes occurring in aquatic ecosystems, both modern and ancient

The Evolution of Plant Physiology

The Evolution of Plant Physiology
Author: Alan R. Hemsley,Imogen Poole
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2004-02-05
ISBN 10: 0080472729
ISBN 13: 9780080472720
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Evolution of Plant Physiology Book Review:

Coupled with biomechanical data, organic geochemistry and cladistic analyses utilizing abundant genetic data, scientific studies are revealing new facets of how plants have evolved over time. This collection of papers examines these early stages of plant physiology evolution by describing the initial physiological adaptations necessary for survival as upright structures in a dry, terrestrial environment. The Evolution of Plant Physiology also encompasses physiology in its broadest sense to include biochemistry, histology, mechanics, development, growth, reproduction and with an emphasis on the interplay between physiology, development and plant evolution. Contributions from leading neo- and palaeo-botanists from the Linnean Society Focus on how evolution shaped photosynthesis, respiration, reproduction and metabolism. Coverage of the effects of specific evolutionary forces -- variations in water and nutrient availability, grazing pressure, and other environmental variables

The Multinuclear Approach to NMR Spectroscopy

The Multinuclear Approach to NMR Spectroscopy
Author: J.B. Lambert,F.G. Riddell
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 548
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9400971303
ISBN 13: 9789400971301
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Multinuclear Approach to NMR Spectroscopy Book Review:

The field of nuclear magnetic resonance has experienced a number of spectacular developments during the last decade. Fourier transform methodology revolutionized signal acquisition capabilities. Superconducting magnets enhanced sensitivity and produced considerable improvement in spectral dispersion. In areas of new applicat ions, the life sciences particularly bene fited from these developments and probably saw the largest increase in usage. NMR imaging promises to offer a noninvasive alternative to X rays. High resolution is now achievable with solids, through magic angle spinning and cross polarization, so that the powers of NMR are applicable to previously intractable materials such as polymers, coal, and other geochemicals. The ease of obtaining relaxation times brought an important fourth variable, after the chemical shift, the coupling constant, and the rate constant, to the examination of structural and kinetic problems i~ all fields. Software development, particularly in the area of pulse sequences, created a host of useful tech niques, including difference decoupling and difference nuclear Overhauser effect spectra, multidimensional displays, signal enhancement (INEPT), coupling constant analysis for connectivity (INADEQUATE), and observation of specific structural classes such as only quaternary carbons. Finally, hardware development gave us access to the entire Periodic Table, to the particular advan tage of the inorganic and organometallic chemist. At the NATO Advanced Study Institute at Stirling, Scotland, the participants endeavored to examine all these advances, except imaging, from a multidisciplinary point of view.

Fire Effects on Soil Properties

Fire Effects on Soil Properties
Author: Paulo Pereira,Artemi Cerdà,Xavier Úbeda,Jorge Mataix-Solera,Guillermo Rein
Publsiher: CSIRO PUBLISHING
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2019-02-01
ISBN 10: 1486308155
ISBN 13: 9781486308156
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fire Effects on Soil Properties Book Review:

Wildland fires are occurring more frequently and affecting more of Earth's surface than ever before. These fires affect the properties of soils and the processes by which they form, but the nature of these impacts has not been well understood. Given that healthy soil is necessary to sustain biodiversity, ecosystems and agriculture, the impact of fire on soil is a vital field of research. Fire Effects on Soil Properties brings together current research on the effects of fire on the physical, biological and chemical properties of soil. Written by over 60 international experts in the field, it includes examples from fire-prone areas across the world, dealing with ash, meso and macrofauna, smouldering fires, recurrent fires and management of fire-affected soils. It also describes current best practice methodologies for research and monitoring of fire effects and new methodologies for future research. This is the first time information on this topic has been presented in a single volume and the book will be an important reference for students, practitioners, managers and academics interested in the effects of fire on ecosystems, including soil scientists, geologists, forestry researchers and environmentalists.

The Role of Organic Matter in Structuring Microbial Communities

The Role of Organic Matter in Structuring Microbial Communities
Author: Louis A. Kaplan,M. Hulla,Laura Sappelsa
Publsiher: IWA Publishing
Total Pages: 116
Release: 2005-01-01
ISBN 10: 1843398974
ISBN 13: 9781843398974
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Role of Organic Matter in Structuring Microbial Communities Book Review:

In this project the researchers addressed four maj

Amazonian Dark Earths Wim Sombroek s Vision

Amazonian Dark Earths  Wim Sombroek s Vision
Author: William I. Woods,Wenceslau G. Teixeira,Johannes Lehmann,Christoph Steiner,Antoinette M. G. A. WinklerPrins,Lilian Rebellato
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 502
Release: 2008-11-16
ISBN 10: 1402090315
ISBN 13: 9781402090318
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Amazonian Dark Earths Wim Sombroek s Vision Book Review:

Amazonian soils are almost universally thought of as extremely forbidding. However, it is now clear that complex societies with large, sedentary populations were present for over a millennium before European contact. Associated with these are tracts of anomalously fertile, dark soils termed ‘terra preta’ or dark earths. These soils are presently an important agricultural resource within Amazonia and provide a model for developing long-term future sustainability of food production in tropical environments. The late Dutch soil scientist Wim Sombroek (1934-2003) was instrumental in bringing the significance of these soils to the attention of the world over four decades ago. Wim saw not only the possibilities of improving the lives of small holders throughout the world with simple carbon based soil technologies, but was an early proponent of the positive synergies also achieved in regards to carbon sequestration and global climatic change abatement. Wim’s vision was to form a multidisciplinary group whose members maintained the ideal of open collaboration toward the attainment of shared goals. Always encouraged and often shaped by Wim, this free association of international scholars termed the “Terra Preta Nova” Group came together in 2001 and has flourished. This effort has been defined by enormous productivity. Wim who is never far from any of our minds and hearts, would have loved to share the great experience of seeing the fruits of his vision as demonstrated in this volume.

Micro and Nano Structured Interpenetrating Polymer Networks

Micro  and Nano Structured Interpenetrating Polymer Networks
Author: Sabu Thomas,Daniel Grande,Uros Cvelbar,K. V. S. N. Raju,Selvin P. Thomas,Ramanuj Narayan,Akhina H
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2016-04-11
ISBN 10: 1118138171
ISBN 13: 9781118138175
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Micro and Nano Structured Interpenetrating Polymer Networks Book Review:

This book examines the current state of the art, new challenges, opportunities, and applications of IPNs. With contributions from experts across the globe, this survey is an outstanding resource reference for anyone involved in the field of polymer materials design for advanced technologies. • Comprehensively summarizes many of the recent technical research accomplishments in the area of micro and nanostructured Interpenetrating Polymer Networks • Discusses various aspects of synthesis, characterization, structure, morphology, modelling, properties, and applications of IPNs • Describes how nano-structured IPNs correlate their multiscale structure to their properties and morphologies • Serves as a one-stop reference resource for important research accomplishments in the area of IPNs and nano-structured polymer systems • Includes chapters from leading researchers in the IPN field from industry, academy, government and private research institutions

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Agriculture

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Agriculture
Author: Philip E. Pfeffer,Walter V. Gerasimowicz
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 456
Release: 1989-04-30
ISBN 10: 9780849368646
ISBN 13: 0849368642
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Agriculture Book Review:

This informative publication presents the broad application of nuclear magnetic resonance to many of today's problem areas in agriculture. Solid-state NMR methodology is covered, with its applications to the study of intact agricultural matrices such as plant cell walls, photosynthetic chloroplast membranes, forages, wood cellulose, and soils. In vivo solution NMR methodology and its applications to the study of different functioning plant tissues and their biochemical responses to various pathological, physiological, and toxicological stresses are illustrated with examples using 31P, 13C, 23Na, and 15N resonance methods. An introductory chapter presents a review of the in vivo literature and some basic principles and requirements for carrying out such experiments. A special section focuses on state-of-the-art 13C and 1H high-resolution multidimensional methods and their application to the study of agricultural toxins; biologically active components, including their structures and biosyntheses, and dynamic measurements of relaxation phenomena associated with cross relaxation in water bound to food proteins.

Introduction to Organic Geochemistry

Introduction to Organic Geochemistry
Author: Stephen D. Killops,Vanessa J. Killops
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2013-04-16
ISBN 10: 1118697200
ISBN 13: 9781118697207
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Organic Geochemistry Book Review:

An Introduction to Organic Geochemistry explores the fate oforganic matter of all types, biogenic and man-made, in the EarthSystem. investigates the variety of pathways and biogeochemicaltransformations that carbon compounds can experience over a rangeof time scales and in different environments scope widened to provide a broad and up-to-date background -structured to accommodate readers with varied scientificbackgrounds essential terminology is defined fully and boxes are used toexplain concepts introduced from other disciplines further study aided by the incorporation of carefully selectedliterature references It investigates the variety of pathways and biogeochemicaltransformations that carbon compounds can experience over a rangeof time scales and in different environments.

Advances in Agronomy

Advances in Agronomy
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 330
Release: 2018-04-18
ISBN 10: 0128151781
ISBN 13: 9780128151785
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Agronomy Book Review:

Advances in Agronomy, Volume 149, the latest release in the series, continues to be recognized as a leading reference and first-rate source for the latest research in agronomy. Each volume contains an eclectic group of reviews by leading scientists throughout the world. As always, the subjects covered are rich, varied and exemplary of the abundant subject matter addressed by this long-running serial. Includes numerous, timely, state-of-the-art reviews on the latest advancements in agronomy Features distinguished, well recognized authors from around the world Builds upon this venerable and iconic review series Covers the extensive variety and breadth of subject matter in the crop and soil sciences

New Publications of the Geological Survey

New Publications of the Geological Survey
Author: Geological Survey (U.S.)
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1991
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015023891792
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Publications of the Geological Survey Book Review:

The United States Geological Survey in Alaska

The United States Geological Survey in Alaska
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 107
Release: 1985
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCR:31210007928375
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The United States Geological Survey in Alaska Book Review:

Short papers describing results of recent geologic investigations.

The APEA Journal

The APEA Journal
Author: Australian Petroleum Exploration Association
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1994
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: CORNELL:31924075260376
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The APEA Journal Book Review:

Fossil Energy Update

Fossil Energy Update
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1986
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112111506231
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fossil Energy Update Book Review: