Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology
Author: K Huang,J B Goodenough
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 340
Release: 2009-07-30
ISBN 10: 1845696514
ISBN 13: 9781845696511
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology Book Review:

High temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) technology is a promising power generation option that features high electrical efficiency and low emissions of environmentally polluting gases such as CO2, NOox and SOx. It is ideal for distributed stationary power generation applications where both high-efficiency electricity and high-quality heat are in strong demand. For the past few decades, SOFC technology has attracted intense worldwide R&D effort and, along with polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) technology, has undergone extensive commercialization development. This book presents a systematic and in-depth narrative of the technology from the perspective of fundamentals, providing comprehensive theoretical analysis and innovative characterization techniques for SOFC technology. The book initially deals with the basics and development of SOFC technology from cell materials to fundamental thermodynamics, electronic properties of solids and charged particle transport. This coverage is extended with a thorough analysis of such operational features as current flow and energy balance, and on to voltage losses and electrical efficiency. Furthermore, the book also covers the important issues of fuel cell stability and durability with chapters on performance characterization, fuel processing, and electrode poisoning. Finally, the book provides a comprehensive review for SOFC materials and fabrication techniques. A series of useful scientific appendices rounds off the book. Solid oxide fuel cell technology is a standard reference for all those researching this important field as well as those working in the power industry. Provides a comprehensive review of solid oxide fuel cells from history and design to chemistry and materials development Presents analysis of operational features including current flow, energy balance, voltage losses and electrical efficiency Explores fuel cell stability and durability with specific chapters examining performance characterization, fuel processing and electrode poisoning

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Radenka Maric
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 262
Release: 2020-12-09
ISBN 10: 0429527845
ISBN 13: 9780429527845
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Review:

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: From Fundamental Principles to Complete Systems is as a valuable resource for beginners, experienced researchers, and developers of solid oxide fuel cells. It provides a fundamental understanding of SOFCs by covering the present state-of-the-art as well as ongoing research and future challenges to be solved. It discusses current and future materials and provides an overview of development activities with a more general system approach toward fuel cell plant technology, including plant design and economics, industrial data and advances in technology. Provides an understanding of the operating principles of SOFCs Discusses state-of-the-art materials, technologies and processes Includes a review of current industry and lessons learned Offers a more general system approach toward fuel cell plant technology, including plant design and economics of SOFC manufacture Covers significant technical challenges that remain to be solved Presents the status of government activities, industry and market This book is aimed at electrochemists, batteries and fuel cell engineers, alternative energy scientists, and professionals in materials science.

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for the 21st Century

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for the 21st Century
Author: Kevin Kendall,Michaela Kendall
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2015-11-21
ISBN 10: 0124104835
ISBN 13: 9780124104839
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for the 21st Century Book Review:

High-temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Second Edition, explores the growing interest in fuel cells as a sustainable source of energy. The text brings the topic of green energy front and center, illustrating the need for new books that provide comprehensive and practical information on specific types of fuel cells and their applications. This landmark volume on solid oxide fuel cells contains contributions from experts of international repute, and provides a single source of the latest knowledge on this topic. A single source for all the latest information on solid oxide fuel cells and their applications Illustrates the need for new, more comprehensive books and study on the topic Explores the growing interest in fuel cells as viable, sustainable sources of energy

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Fundamentals Design and Applications

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells  Fundamentals  Design and Applications
Author: S.C. Singhal,K. Kendall
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2003-12-08
ISBN 10: 0080508081
ISBN 13: 9780080508085
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Fundamentals Design and Applications Book Review:

High Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Fundamentals, Design and Applications provides a comprehensive discussion of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). SOFCs are the most efficient devices for the electrochemical conversion of chemical energy of hydrocarbon fuels into electricity, and have been gaining increasing attention for clean and efficient distributed power generation. The book explains the operating principle, cell component materials, cell and stack designs and fabrication processes, cell and stack performance, and applications of SOFCs. Individual chapters are written by internationally renowned authors in their respective fields, and the text is supplemented by a large number of references for further information. The book is primarily intended for use by researchers, engineers, and other technical people working in the field of SOFCs. Even though the technology is advancing at a very rapid pace, the information contained in most of the chapters is fundamental enough for the book to be useful even as a text for SOFC technology at the graduate level.

Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Mahdi Sharifzadeh
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 648
Release: 2019-10-31
ISBN 10: 0128154292
ISBN 13: 9780128154298
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Review:

Design and Operation of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: The Systems Engineering Vision for Industrial Application presents a comprehensive, critical and accessible review of the latest research in the field of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). As well as discussing the theoretical aspects of the field, the book explores a diverse range of power applications, such as hybrid power plants, polygeneration, distributed electricity generation, energy storage and waste management—all with a focus on modeling and computational skills. Dr. Sharifzadeh presents the associated risks and limitations throughout the discussion, providing a very complete and thorough analysis of SOFCs and their control and operation in power plants. The first of its kind, this book will be of particular interest to energy engineers, industry experts and academic researchers in the energy, power and transportation industries, as well as those working and researching in the chemical, environmental and material sectors. Closes the gap between various power engineering disciples by considering a diverse variety of applications and sectors Presents and reviews a variety of modeling techniques and considers regulations throughout Includes CFD modeling examples and process simulation and optimization programming guidance

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability
Author: Nigel Brandon
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2017-05-23
ISBN 10: 0128097248
ISBN 13: 9780128097243
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability Book Review:

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability: Critical Challenges in Fuel Cells presents in one volume the most recent research that aims at solving key issues for the deployment of SOFC at a commercial scale and for a wider range of applications. To achieve that, authors from different regions and backgrounds address topics such as electrolytes, contaminants, redox cycling, gas-tight seals, and electrode microstructure. Lifetime issues for particular elements of the fuel cells, like cathodes, interconnects, and fuel processors, are covered as well as new materials. They also examine the balance of SOFC plants, correlations between structure and electrochemical performance, methods for analysis of performance and degradation assessment, and computational and statistical approaches to quantify degradation. For its holistic approach, this book can be used both as an introduction to these issues and a reference resource for all involved in research and application of solid oxide fuel cells, especially those developing understanding in industrial applications of the lifetime issues. This includes researchers in academia and industrial R&D, graduate students and professionals in energy engineering, electrochemistry, and materials sciences for energy applications. It might also be of particular interest to analysts who are looking into integrating SOFCs into energy systems. Brings together in a single volume leading research and expert thinking around the broad topic of SOFC lifetime and durability Explores issues that affect solid oxide fuel cells elements, materials, and systems with a holistic approach Provides a practical reference for overcoming some of the common failure mechanisms of SOFCs Features coverage of integrating SOFCs into energy systems

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Bin Zhu,Rizwan Raza,Liangdong Fan,Chunwen Sun
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2020-06-02
ISBN 10: 352734411X
ISBN 13: 9783527344116
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Review:

Presents innovative approaches towards affordable, highly efficient, and reliable sustainable energy systems Written by leading experts on the subject, this book provides not only a basic introduction and understanding of conventional fuel cell principle, but also an updated view of the most recent developments in this field. It focuses on the new energy conversion technologies based on both electrolyte and electrolyte-free fuel cells?from advanced novel ceria-based composite electrolyte low temperature solid oxide fuel cells to non-electrolyte fuel cells as advanced fuel-to-electricity conversion technology. Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: From Electrolyte-Based to Electrolyte-Free Devices is divided into three parts. Part I covers the latest developments of anode, electrolyte, and cathode materials as well as the SOFC technologies. Part II discusses the non-electrolyte or semiconductor-based membrane fuel cells. Part III focuses on engineering efforts on materials, technology, devices and stack developments, and looks at various applications and new opportunities of SOFC using both the electrolyte and non-electrolyte principles, including integrated fuel cell systems with electrolysis, solar energy, and more. -Offers knowledge on how to realize highly efficient fuel cells with novel device structures -Shows the opportunity to transform the future fuel cell markets and the possibility to commercialize fuel cells in an extended range of applications -Presents a unique collection of contributions on the development of solid oxide fuel cells from electrolyte based to non-electrolyte-based technology -Provides a more comprehensive understanding of the advances in fuel cells and bridges the knowledge from traditional SOFC to the new concept -Allows readers to track the development from the conventional SOFC to the non-electrolyte or single-component fuel cell Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: From Electrolyte-Based to Electrolyte-Free Devices will serve as an important reference work to students, scientists, engineers, researchers, and technology developers in the fuel cell field.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Meng Ni,Tim S. Zhao
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2013-08-16
ISBN 10: 1849737770
ISBN 13: 9781849737777
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Review:

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are promising electrochemical power generation devices that can convert chemical energy of a fuel into electricity in an efficient, environmental-friendly, and quiet manner. Due to their high operating temperature, SOFCs feature fuel flexibility as internal reforming of hydrocarbon fuels and ammonia thermal cracking can be realized in SOFC anode. This book presents an overview of the SOFC technology with a focus on the recent developments in new technologies and new ideas for addressing the key issues of SOFC development. This book first introduces the fundamental principles of SOFCs and compares SOFC technology with conventional heat engines as well as low temperature fuel cells. Then the latest developments in SOFC R&D are reviewed and future directions are discussed. Key issues related to SOFC performance improvement, long-term stability, mathematical modelling, as well as system integration/control are addressed, including material development, infiltration technique for nano-structured electrode fabrication, focused ion beam – scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM) technique for microstructure reconstruction, the Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) simulation at pore scale, multi-scale modelling, SOFC integration with buildings and other cycles for stationary applications.

Solid Oxide Fuels Cells Facts and Figures

Solid Oxide Fuels Cells  Facts and Figures
Author: John T.S. Irvine,Paul Connor
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2012-11-02
ISBN 10: 1447144562
ISBN 13: 9781447144564
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Oxide Fuels Cells Facts and Figures Book Review:

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) operate at high temperatures allowing more fuel flexibility and also useful heat output and so increase total efficiency, but does give some interesting engineering challenges. Solid Oxide Fuels Cells: Facts and Figures provides clear and accurate data for a selection of SOFC topics from the specific details of Ni cermet anodes, chemical expansion in materials, and the measuring and modelling of mechanical stresses, to the broader scope of the history and present design of cells, to SOFC systems and the future of SOFC. Celebrating Ulf Bossel’s work on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, and especially his running of the European Fuel Cell Forum, Solid Oxide Fuels Cells: Facts and Figures covers important topics on the way including intermediate temperature fuel cells, metal supported fuel cells and both new materials and engineering solutions to some of the challenges of getting SOFC to market. The chapters are based on the special plenary talks given by some of the most respected and talented people in the field at the 2010 European SOFC Forum in Luzern and the title for this book comes from the report produced by Ulf for the IEA “Final Report on SOFC Data, Facts and Figures”, Swiss Federal Office of Energy, Berne, 1992. The comprehensive nature of Solid Oxide Fuels Cells: Facts and Figures makes it a key resource of SOFC topics for students, lecturers, researchers and industry practitioners alike.

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Gurbinder Kaur
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2019-11-21
ISBN 10: 0128174463
ISBN 13: 9780128174463
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Review:

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Electrolytes, Electrodes and Interconnects introduces the fundamental principles of intermediate solid oxide fuel cells technology. It provides the reader with a broad understanding and practical knowledge of the electrodes, pyrochlore/perovskite/oxide electrolytes and interconnects which form the backbone of the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) unit. Opening with an introduction to the thermodynamics, physiochemical and electrochemical behavior of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC), the book also discusses specific materials, including low temperature brownmillerites and aurivillius electrolytes, as well as pyrochlore interconnects. This book analyzes the basic concepts, providing cutting-edge information for both researchers and students. It is a complete reference for Intermediate Solid Oxide Fuel Cells technology that will be a vital resource for those working in materials science, fuel cells and solid state chemistry. Provides a single source of information on glass, electrolytes, interconnects, vanadates, pyrochlores and perovskite SOFC Includes illustrations that provide a clear visual explanation of concepts being discussed Progresses from a discussion of basic concepts that will enable readers to easily comprehend the subject matter

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Radenka Maric
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2020-12-09
ISBN 10: 1466561173
ISBN 13: 9781466561175
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Review:

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: From Fundamental Principles to Complete Systems is a valuable resource for beginners, experienced researchers, and developers of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). It provides a fundamental understanding of SOFCs by covering the present state-of-the-art as well as ongoing research and future challenges to be solved. It discusses current and future materials, and provides an overview of development activities with a more general system approach toward fuel cell plant technology, including plant design and economics, industrial data, and advances in technology. Provides an understanding of the operating principles of SOFCs Discusses state-of-the-art materials, technologies, and processes Includes a review of the current industry and lessons learned Offers a more general system approach toward fuel cell plant technology, including plant design and economics of SOFC manufacture Covers significant technical challenges that remain to be solved Presents the status of government activities, industry, and market This book is aimed at electrochemists, batteries and fuel cell engineers, alternative energy scientists, and professionals in materials science.

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Zongping Shao,Moses O. Tadé
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 266
Release: 2016-09-12
ISBN 10: 366252936X
ISBN 13: 9783662529362
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Review:

This book discusses recent advances in intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells (IT-SOFCs), focusing on material development and design, mechanism study, reaction kinetics and practical applications. It consists of five chapters presenting different types of reactions and materials employed in electrolytes, cathodes, anodes, interconnects and sealants for IT-SOFCs. It also includes two chapters highlighting new aspects of these solid oxide fuel cells and exploring their practical applications. This insightful and useful book appeals to a wide readership in various fields, including solid oxide fuel cells, electrochemistry, membranes and ceramics. Zongping Shao is a Professor at the State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering and the College of Energy, Nanjing University of Technology, China. Moses O. Tade is a Professor at the Department of Chemical Engineering, Curtin University, Australia.

Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Mario L. Ferrari,Usman M. Damo,Ali Turan,David Sánchez
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2017-06-12
ISBN 10: 1119039061
ISBN 13: 9781119039068
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Review:

A comprehensive guide to the modelling and design of solid oxide fuel cell hybrid power plants This book explores all technical aspects of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) hybrid systems and proposes solutions to a range of technical problems that can arise from component integration. Following a general introduction to the state-of-the-art in SOFC hybrid systems, the authors focus on fuel cell technology, including the components required to operate with standard fuels. Micro-gas turbine (mGT) technology for hybrid systems is discussed, with special attention given to issues related to the coupling of SOFCs with mGTs. Throughout the book emphasis is placed on dynamic issues, including control systems used to avoid risk conditions. With an eye to mitigating the high costs and risks incurred with the building and use of prototype hybrid systems, the authors demonstrate a proven, economically feasible approach to obtaining important experimental results using simplified plants that simulate both generic and detailed system-level behaviour using emulators. Computational models and experimental plants are developed to support the analysis of SOFC hybrid systems, including models appropriate for design, development and performance analysis at both component and system levels. Presents models for a range of size units, technology variations, unit coupling dynamics and start-up and shutdown behaviours Focuses on SOFCs integration with mGTs in light of key constraints and risk avoidance issues under steady-state conditions and during transient operations Identifies interaction and coupling problems within the GT/SOFC environment, including exergy analysis and optimization Demonstrates an economical approach to obtaining important experimental results while avoiding high-cost components and risk conditions Presents analytical/computational and experimental tools for the efficient design and development of hardware and software systems Hybrid Systems Based on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Modelling and Design is a valuable resource for researchers and practicing engineers involved in fuel cell fundamentals, design and development. It is also an excellent reference for academic researchers and advanced-level students exploring fuel cell technology.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Jeffrey Fergus,Rob Hui,Xianguo Li,David P. Wilkinson,Jiujun Zhang
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2016-04-19
ISBN 10: 9781420088847
ISBN 13: 142008884X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Review:

The First Book Centered on Materials Issues of SOFCs Although the high operating temperature of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) creates opportunities for using a variety of fuels, including low-grade hydrogen and those derived from biomass, it also produces difficulties in materials performance and often leads to materials degradation during operation. These obstacles have proven to be challenges in the path to greater commercialization. Focusing on materials-related issues, Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Materials Properties and Performance provides state-of-the-art information for the selection and development of materials for improved SOFC performance. The Materials behind the Development of SOFCs Summarizing progress in the field thus far, the book describes current materials, future advances in materials, and significant technical problems that remain unresolved. The first three chapters explore materials for the electrochemical cell: electrolytes, anodes, and cathodes. The next two chapters discuss interconnects and sealants, which are two supporting components of the fuel cell stack. The final chapter addresses the various issues involved in materials processing for SOFC applications, such as the microstructure of the component layers and the processing methods used to fabricate the microstructure. An Important Enabling Technology for Future Sustainable Energy Systems This volume shows how the performance of SOFCs can be improved through novel materials and methods, thereby, bringing them closer to commercialization.

Advances in Medium and High Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology

Advances in Medium and High Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology
Author: Marta Boaro,Aricò Antonino Salvatore
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 342
Release: 2016-11-24
ISBN 10: 331946146X
ISBN 13: 9783319461465
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Medium and High Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology Book Review:

In this book well-known experts highlight cutting-edge research priorities and discuss the state of the art in the field of solid oxide fuel cells giving an update on specific subjects such as protonic conductors, interconnects, electrocatalytic and catalytic processes and modelling approaches.Fundamentals and advances in this field are illustrated to help young researchers address issues in the characterization of materials and in the analysis of processes, not often tackled in scholarly books.

Fuel Cell Technology

Fuel Cell Technology
Author: Nigel Sammes
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2006-05-14
ISBN 10: 9781846282072
ISBN 13: 1846282071
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fuel Cell Technology Book Review:

Fuel cells are a very promising technology for the clean and efficient production of power. Fuel Cell Technology is an up-to-date survey of the development of this technology and will be bought by researchers and graduate students in materials control and chemical engineering working at universities and institutions and researchers and technical managers in commercial companies working in fuel cell technology.

Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling

Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling
Author: Jarosław Milewski,Konrad Świrski,Massimo Santarelli,Pierluigi Leone
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 218
Release: 2011-03-04
ISBN 10: 9780857292629
ISBN 13: 0857292625
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling Book Review:

Fuel cells are widely regarded as the future of the power and transportation industries. Intensive research in this area now requires new methods of fuel cell operation modeling and cell design. Typical mathematical models are based on the physical process description of fuel cells and require a detailed knowledge of the microscopic properties that govern both chemical and electrochemical reactions. Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling proposes the alternative methodology of generalized artificial neural networks (ANN) solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) modeling. Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling provides a comprehensive description of modern fuel cell theory and a guide to the mathematical modeling of SOFCs, with particular emphasis on the use of ANNs. Up to now, most of the equations involved in SOFC models have required the addition of numerous factors that are difficult to determine. The artificial neural network (ANN) can be applied to simulate an object’s behavior without an algorithmic solution, merely by utilizing available experimental data. The ANN methodology discussed in Advanced Methods of Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Modeling can be used by both researchers and professionals to optimize SOFC design. Readers will have access to detailed material on universal fuel cell modeling and design process optimization, and will also be able to discover comprehensive information on fuel cells and artificial intelligence theory.

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Tatsumi Ishihara
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2009-06-12
ISBN 10: 9780387777085
ISBN 13: 0387777083
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Review:

Fuel cell technology is quite promising for conversion of chemical energy of hydrocarbon fuels into electricity without forming air pollutants. There are several types of fuel cells: polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC), phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC), molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), and alkaline fuel cell (AFC). Among these, SOFCs are the most efficient and have various advantages such as flexibility in fuel, high reliability, simple balance of plant (BOP), and a long history. Therefore, SOFC technology is attracting much attention as a power plant and is now close to marketing as a combined heat and power generation system. From the beginning of SOFC development, many perovskite oxides have been used for SOFC components; for example, LaMnO -based oxide for the cathode and 3 LaCrO for the interconnect are the most well known materials for SOFCs. The 3 current SOFCs operate at temperatures higher than 1073 K. However, lowering the operating temperature of SOFCs is an important goal for further SOFC development. Reliability, durability, and stability of the SOFCs could be greatly improved by decreasing their operating temperature. In addition, a lower operating temperature is also beneficial for shortening the startup time and decreasing energy loss from heat radiation. For this purpose, faster oxide ion conductors are required to replace the conventional Y O -stabilized ZrO 2 3 2 electrolyte. A new class of electrolytes such as LaGaO is considered to be 3 highly useful for intermediate-temperature SOFCs.

Models for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Systems

Models for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Systems
Author: Dario Marra,Cesare Pianese,Pierpaolo Polverino,Marco Sorrentino
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2016-03-07
ISBN 10: 1447156587
ISBN 13: 9781447156581
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Models for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Systems Book Review:

This book presents methodologies suitable for the optimal design of control and diagnosis strategies for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) systems. One key feature of the methodologies presented is the use of modeling tools with an ideal balance between accuracy and computational burden. Particular emphasis is given to the useful combination of models within a hierarchical framework to reduce the experimental efforts required for characterization and testing. Such tools are proven to be highly effective for SOFC systems destined for both residential and transportation applications. Throughout the book, optimization is always conceived in such a way so as to allow the SOFC systems to work efficiently while guaranteeing safe thermal operation, as well as an extended lifetime. This book is aimed at scientists and engineers involved in the design of marketable SOFC systems. It gathers the knowledge and experience derived from other research and industry practice for which control and diagnosis have proven to be the main keys to success and market penetration.

Dynamic Modeling and Predictive Control in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Dynamic Modeling and Predictive Control in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Biao Huang,Yutong Qi,A. K. M. Monjur Murshed
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2013-01-25
ISBN 10: 1118501039
ISBN 13: 9781118501030
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamic Modeling and Predictive Control in Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Review:

The high temperature solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) is identified as one of the leading fuel cell technology contenders to capture the energy market in years to come. However, in order to operate as an efficient energy generating system, the SOFC requires an appropriate control system which in turn requires a detailed modelling of process dynamics. Introducting state-of-the-art dynamic modelling, estimation, and control of SOFC systems, this book presents original modelling methods and brand new results as developed by the authors. With comprehensive coverage and bringing together many aspects of SOFC technology, it considers dynamic modelling through first-principles and data-based approaches, and considers all aspects of control, including modelling, system identification, state estimation, conventional and advanced control. Key features: Discusses both planar and tubular SOFC, and detailed and simplified dynamic modelling for SOFC Systematically describes single model and distributed models from cell level to system level Provides parameters for all models developed for easy reference and reproducing of the results All theories are illustrated through vivid fuel cell application examples, such as state-of-the-art unscented Kalman filter, model predictive control, and system identification techniques to SOFC systems The tutorial approach makes it perfect for learning the fundamentals of chemical engineering, system identification, state estimation and process control. It is suitable for graduate students in chemical, mechanical, power, and electrical engineering, especially those in process control, process systems engineering, control systems, or fuel cells. It will also aid researchers who need a reminder of the basics as well as an overview of current techniques in the dynamic modelling and control of SOFC.