Solid Oxide Based Electrochemical Devices

Solid Oxide Based Electrochemical Devices
Author: Massimiliano Lo Faro
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 310
Release: 2020-03-26
ISBN 10: 0128182865
ISBN 13: 9780128182864
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Oxide Based Electrochemical Devices Book Review:

Solid Oxide-Based Electrochemical Devices: Advances, Smart Materials and Future Energy Applications provides a complete overview of the theoretical and applied aspects of energy-related solid oxide technologies. The book presents detailed thermodynamic and other basic requirements for fuel cells, electrolyzers, supercapacitors, batteries, sensors and air treatment devices. It delves into physical-chemical, electrochemical and mechanical properties of smart materials developed and offers insights into fundamental analysis and modeling. Detailed protocols for operation are suggested and discussed, including component development to optimize functionality, cost and upscaling. Practitioners in the fuel cell or power to gas industries, engineering researchers developing new technologies in those areas, and device and system designers can use the in-depth, structured information about the relationship between technologies and materials offered to make better-informed decisions during the planning and implementation of those technologies. Covers the theoretical concepts, components, advances and applications of solid oxide fuel cell, electrolyzer, battery, sensor and pollution abatement technologies Explores applications of new smart and metamaterials in the construction of energy-related solid oxide devices Presents examples of prototypes, including their cost estimate and requirements for large-scale production, integration and operation

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Bin Zhu,Rizwan Raza,Liangdong Fan,Chunwen Sun
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 488
Release: 2020-06-02
ISBN 10: 352734411X
ISBN 13: 9783527344116
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Review:

Presents innovative approaches towards affordable, highly efficient, and reliable sustainable energy systems Written by leading experts on the subject, this book provides not only a basic introduction and understanding of conventional fuel cell principle, but also an updated view of the most recent developments in this field. It focuses on the new energy conversion technologies based on both electrolyte and electrolyte-free fuel cells?from advanced novel ceria-based composite electrolyte low temperature solid oxide fuel cells to non-electrolyte fuel cells as advanced fuel-to-electricity conversion technology. Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: From Electrolyte-Based to Electrolyte-Free Devices is divided into three parts. Part I covers the latest developments of anode, electrolyte, and cathode materials as well as the SOFC technologies. Part II discusses the non-electrolyte or semiconductor-based membrane fuel cells. Part III focuses on engineering efforts on materials, technology, devices and stack developments, and looks at various applications and new opportunities of SOFC using both the electrolyte and non-electrolyte principles, including integrated fuel cell systems with electrolysis, solar energy, and more. -Offers knowledge on how to realize highly efficient fuel cells with novel device structures -Shows the opportunity to transform the future fuel cell markets and the possibility to commercialize fuel cells in an extended range of applications -Presents a unique collection of contributions on the development of solid oxide fuel cells from electrolyte based to non-electrolyte-based technology -Provides a more comprehensive understanding of the advances in fuel cells and bridges the knowledge from traditional SOFC to the new concept -Allows readers to track the development from the conventional SOFC to the non-electrolyte or single-component fuel cell Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: From Electrolyte-Based to Electrolyte-Free Devices will serve as an important reference work to students, scientists, engineers, researchers, and technology developers in the fuel cell field.

Polymer Electrolyte based Electrochemical Devices

Polymer Electrolyte based Electrochemical Devices
Author: Massimiliano Lo Faro,Sabrina Campagna Zignani
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 470
Release: 2022-10-15
ISBN 10: 9780323897846
ISBN 13: 0323897843
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Electrolyte based Electrochemical Devices Book Review:

Polymer Electrolyte-Based Electrochemical Devices: Advances, Smart Materials, and Future Energy Applications provides a complete overview of the theoretical and applied aspects of energy-related polymer electrolyte-based technologies. The book presents detailed thermodynamic and other basic requirements for fuel cells, electrolyzers, batteries, sensors and devices for the abatement of pollutants. Delving into the physical-chemical, electrochemical, and mechanical properties of smart materials, it covers fundamental analysis and modeling to optimize the application of smart materials in terms of conductivity, chemical stability and kinetic properties. Detailed protocols for operation are suggested and discussed, including component development to optimize functionality, cost, and upscaling. Exploring examples of actual prototypes based on recent research findings, analysing requirements and cost estimate for large-scale production and implementation, as well as for their integration into existing systems, the environmental impact of multiple electrochemical applications is also examined. Covers both the fundamental and technological aspects of electrochemistry Includes discussion of prototypes, advanced materials, large scale production and economics Addresses technologies for energy production, storage, environmental protection and environmental control

Metal Oxide Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells Electrolyzers and Metal Air Batteries

Metal Oxide Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells  Electrolyzers  and Metal Air Batteries
Author: Teko W. Napporn,Yaovi Holade
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2021-01-30
ISBN 10: 0128184973
ISBN 13: 9780128184974
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Metal Oxide Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells Electrolyzers and Metal Air Batteries Book Review:

Metal Oxide-Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells, Electrolyzers, and Metal-Air Batteries is a comprehensive book summarizing the recent overview of these new materials developed to date. The book is motivated by research that focuses on the reduction of noble metal content in catalysts to reduce the cost associated to the entire system. Metal oxides gained significant interest in heterogeneous catalysis for basic research and industrial deployment. Metal Oxide-Based Nanostructured Electrocatalysts for Fuel Cells, Electrolyzers, and Metal-Air Batteries puts these opportunities and challenges into a broad context, discusses the recent researches and technological advances, and finally provides several pathways and guidelines that could inspire the development of ground-breaking electrochemical devices for energy production or storage. Its primary focus is how materials development is an important approach to produce electricity for key applications such as automotive and industrial. The book is appropriate for those working in academia and R&D in the disciplines of materials science, chemistry, electrochemistry, and engineering. Includes key aspects of materials design to improve the performance of electrode materials for energy conversion and storage device applications Reviews emerging metal oxide materials for hydrogen production, hydrogen oxidation, oxygen reduction and oxygen evolution Discusses metal oxide electrocatalysts for water-splitting, metal-air batteries, electrolyzer, and fuel cell applications

Hybrid Technologies for Power Generation

Hybrid Technologies for Power Generation
Author: Massimiliano Lo Faro,Orazio Barbera,Giosue Giacoppo
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2021-10-30
ISBN 10: 0128241861
ISBN 13: 9780128241868
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hybrid Technologies for Power Generation Book Review:

Hybrid Technologies for Power Generation addresses the topics related to hybrid technologies by coupling conventional thermal engines with novel technologies, including fuel cells, batteries, thermal storage and electrolysis, and reporting on the most recent advances concerning transport and stationary applications. Potential operating schemes of hybrid power generation systems are covered, highlighting possible combinations of technology and guideline selection according to the energy demands of end-users. Going beyond state-of-the-art technological developments for processes, devices and systems, this book discusses the environmental impact and existing hurdles of moving from a single device to new approaches for efficient energy generation, transfer, conversion, high-density storage and consumption. By describing the practical viability of novel devices coupled to conventional thermal devices, this book has a decisive impact in energy system research, supporting those in the energy research and engineering communities. Covers detailed thermodynamic requirements for multiple smart technologies included in hybrid systems (i.e., FC, electrolysers, supercapacitors, batteries, thermal storage, etc.) Features fundamental analysis and modeling to optimize the combination of smart technologies with traditional engines Details protocols for the analysis, operation and requirements of large-scale production

Sulphur Induced Degradation of Nickel based Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anodes

Sulphur Induced Degradation of Nickel based Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anodes
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2011
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:930624085
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sulphur Induced Degradation of Nickel based Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Anodes Book Review:

Electric Terminal Performance and Characterization of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and Systems

Electric Terminal Performance and Characterization of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and Systems
Author: Peter Allan Lindahl
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 598
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:883244947
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electric Terminal Performance and Characterization of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells and Systems Book Review:

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFCs) are electrochemical devices which can effect efficient, clean, and quiet conversion of chemical to electrical energy. In contrast to conventional electricity generation systems which feature multiple discrete energy conversion processes, SOFCs are direct energy conversion devices. That is, they feature a fully integrated chemical to electrical energy conversion process where the electric load demanded of the cell intrinsically drives the electrochemical reactions and associated processes internal to the cell. As a result, the cell's electric terminals provide a path for interaction between load side electric demand and the conversion side processes. The implication of this is twofold. First, the magnitude and dynamic characteristics of the electric load demanded of the cell can directly impact the long-term efficacy of the cell's chemical to electrical energy conversion. Second, the electric terminal response to dynamic loads can be exploited for monitoring the cell's conversion side processes and used in diagnostic analysis and degradation-mitigating control schemes. This dissertation presents a multi-tier investigation into this electric terminal based performance characterization of SOFCs through the development of novel test systems, analysis techniques and control schemes. First, a reference-based simulation system is introduced. This system scales up the electric terminal performance of a prototype SOFC system, e.g. a single fuel cell, to that of a full power-level stack. This allows realistic stack/load interaction studies while maintaining explicit ability for post-test analysis of the prototype system. Next, a time-domain least squares fitting method for electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is developed for reduced-time monitoring of the electrochemical and physicochemical mechanics of the fuel cell through its electric terminals. The utility of the reference-based simulator and the EIS technique are demonstrated through their combined use in the performance testing of a hybrid-source power management (HSPM) system designed to allow in situ EIS monitoring of a stack under dynamic loading conditions. The results from the latter study suggest that an HSPM controller allows an opportunity for in-situ electric terminal monitoring and control-based mitigation of SOFC degradation. As such, an exploration of control-based SOFC degradation mitigation is presented and ideas for further work are suggested.

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Gurbinder Kaur
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 516
Release: 2019-11-21
ISBN 10: 0128174463
ISBN 13: 9780128174463
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Review:

Intermediate Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Electrolytes, Electrodes and Interconnects introduces the fundamental principles of intermediate solid oxide fuel cells technology. It provides the reader with a broad understanding and practical knowledge of the electrodes, pyrochlore/perovskite/oxide electrolytes and interconnects which form the backbone of the Solid Oxide Fuel Cell (SOFC) unit. Opening with an introduction to the thermodynamics, physiochemical and electrochemical behavior of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC), the book also discusses specific materials, including low temperature brownmillerites and aurivillius electrolytes, as well as pyrochlore interconnects. This book analyzes the basic concepts, providing cutting-edge information for both researchers and students. It is a complete reference for Intermediate Solid Oxide Fuel Cells technology that will be a vital resource for those working in materials science, fuel cells and solid state chemistry. Provides a single source of information on glass, electrolytes, interconnects, vanadates, pyrochlores and perovskite SOFC Includes illustrations that provide a clear visual explanation of concepts being discussed Progresses from a discussion of basic concepts that will enable readers to easily comprehend the subject matter

Perovskite Materials

Perovskite Materials
Author: Likun Pan,Guang Zhu
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 650
Release: 2016-02-03
ISBN 10: 9535122452
ISBN 13: 9789535122456
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Perovskite Materials Book Review:

The book summarizes the current state of the know-how in the field of perovskite materials: synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications. Most chapters include a review on the actual knowledge and cutting-edge research results. Thus, this book is an essential source of reference for scientists with research fields in energy, physics, chemistry and materials. It is also a suitable reading material for graduate students.

Advances in Ceramics

Advances in Ceramics
Author: Costas Sikalidis
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 534
Release: 2011-08-09
ISBN 10: 9533075058
ISBN 13: 9789533075051
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Ceramics Book Review:

The current book contains twenty-two chapters and is divided into three sections. Section I consists of nine chapters which discuss synthesis through innovative as well as modified conventional techniques of certain advanced ceramics (e.g. target materials, high strength porous ceramics, optical and thermo-luminescent ceramics, ceramic powders and fibers) and their characterization using a combination of well known and advanced techniques. Section II is also composed of nine chapters, which are dealing with the aqueous processing of nitride ceramics, the shape and size optimization of ceramic components through design methodologies and manufacturing technologies, the sinterability and properties of ZnNb oxide ceramics, the grinding optimization, the redox behaviour of ceria based and related materials, the alloy reinforcement by ceramic particles addition, the sintering study through dihedral surface angle using AFM and the surface modification and properties induced by a laser beam in pressings of ceramic powders. Section III includes four chapters which are dealing with the deposition of ceramic powders for oxide fuel cells preparation, the perovskite type ceramics for solid fuel cells, the ceramics for laser applications and fabrication and the characterization and modeling of protonic ceramics.

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for the 21st Century

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for the 21st Century
Author: Kevin Kendall,Michaela Kendall
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2015-11-21
ISBN 10: 0124104835
ISBN 13: 9780124104839
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells for the 21st Century Book Review:

High-temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Second Edition, explores the growing interest in fuel cells as a sustainable source of energy. The text brings the topic of green energy front and center, illustrating the need for new books that provide comprehensive and practical information on specific types of fuel cells and their applications. This landmark volume on solid oxide fuel cells contains contributions from experts of international repute, and provides a single source of the latest knowledge on this topic. A single source for all the latest information on solid oxide fuel cells and their applications Illustrates the need for new, more comprehensive books and study on the topic Explores the growing interest in fuel cells as viable, sustainable sources of energy

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Fundamentals Design and Applications

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells  Fundamentals  Design and Applications
Author: S.C. Singhal,K. Kendall
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 406
Release: 2003-12-08
ISBN 10: 0080508081
ISBN 13: 9780080508085
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

High temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Fundamentals Design and Applications Book Review:

High Temperature Solid Oxide Fuel Cells: Fundamentals, Design and Applications provides a comprehensive discussion of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs). SOFCs are the most efficient devices for the electrochemical conversion of chemical energy of hydrocarbon fuels into electricity, and have been gaining increasing attention for clean and efficient distributed power generation. The book explains the operating principle, cell component materials, cell and stack designs and fabrication processes, cell and stack performance, and applications of SOFCs. Individual chapters are written by internationally renowned authors in their respective fields, and the text is supplemented by a large number of references for further information. The book is primarily intended for use by researchers, engineers, and other technical people working in the field of SOFCs. Even though the technology is advancing at a very rapid pace, the information contained in most of the chapters is fundamental enough for the book to be useful even as a text for SOFC technology at the graduate level.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Meng Ni,Tim S. Zhao
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2013-08-16
ISBN 10: 1849737770
ISBN 13: 9781849737777
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Review:

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are promising electrochemical power generation devices that can convert chemical energy of a fuel into electricity in an efficient, environmental-friendly, and quiet manner. Due to their high operating temperature, SOFCs feature fuel flexibility as internal reforming of hydrocarbon fuels and ammonia thermal cracking can be realized in SOFC anode. This book presents an overview of the SOFC technology with a focus on the recent developments in new technologies and new ideas for addressing the key issues of SOFC development. This book first introduces the fundamental principles of SOFCs and compares SOFC technology with conventional heat engines as well as low temperature fuel cells. Then the latest developments in SOFC R&D are reviewed and future directions are discussed. Key issues related to SOFC performance improvement, long-term stability, mathematical modelling, as well as system integration/control are addressed, including material development, infiltration technique for nano-structured electrode fabrication, focused ion beam – scanning electron microscopy (FIB-SEM) technique for microstructure reconstruction, the Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) simulation at pore scale, multi-scale modelling, SOFC integration with buildings and other cycles for stationary applications.

Green Photocatalytic Semiconductors

Green Photocatalytic Semiconductors
Author: Seema Garg
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 303077371X
ISBN 13: 9783030773717
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Green Photocatalytic Semiconductors Book Review:

Investigations Into the Interactions Between Sulfur and Anodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Investigations Into the Interactions Between Sulfur and Anodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Zhe Cheng
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:268988392
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Investigations Into the Interactions Between Sulfur and Anodes for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Review:

Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) are electrochemical devices based on solid oxide electrolytes that convert chemical energy in fuels directly into electricity via electrode reactions. SOFCs have the advantages of high energy efficiency and low emissions and hold the potential to be the power of the future, especially for small power generation systems (1-10 kW). Another unique advantage of SOFCs is the potential to directly utilize hydrocarbon fuels such as natural gas through internal reforming. However, all hydrocarbon fuels contain some sulfur compounds, which transform to hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in the reforming process and dramatically degrade the performance of the existing SOFCs. In this study, the interactions between sulfur contaminant (in the form of H2S) and the anodes for SOFCs were systematically investigated in order to gain a fundamental understanding of the mechanism of sulfur poisoning and ultimately to achieve rational design of sulfur-tolerant anodes. The sulfur poisoning behavior of the state-of-the-art Ni-YSZ cermet anodes was characterized using electrochemical measurements performed on button cells (of different structures) under various operating conditions, including H2S concentration, temperature, cell current density/terminal voltage, and cell structure. Also, the mechanisms of interactions between sulfur and the Ni-YSZ cermet anode were investigated using both ex situ and in situ characterization techniques such as Raman spectroscopy. Results suggest that the sulfur poisoning of Ni-YSZ cermet anodes at high temperatures in fuels with ppm-level H2S is due not to the formation of multi-layer conventional nickel sulfides but to the adsorption of sulfur on the nickel surface. In addition, new sulfur-tolerant anode materials were explored in this study. Thermodynamic principles were applied to predict the stability of candidate sulfur-tolerant anode materials and explain complex phenomena concerning the reactivity of candidate materials with hydrogen sulfide. The enhanced sulfur tolerance for some candidate anode materials such as (Gd2Ti1.4Mo0.6O7) is attributed to the transition of the surface from metal oxides to sulfides (i.e., MoS2), which enhances the catalytic activity and increases the number of reaction sites.

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability
Author: Nigel Brandon
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2017-05-23
ISBN 10: 0128097248
ISBN 13: 9780128097243
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability Book Review:

Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Lifetime and Reliability: Critical Challenges in Fuel Cells presents in one volume the most recent research that aims at solving key issues for the deployment of SOFC at a commercial scale and for a wider range of applications. To achieve that, authors from different regions and backgrounds address topics such as electrolytes, contaminants, redox cycling, gas-tight seals, and electrode microstructure. Lifetime issues for particular elements of the fuel cells, like cathodes, interconnects, and fuel processors, are covered as well as new materials. They also examine the balance of SOFC plants, correlations between structure and electrochemical performance, methods for analysis of performance and degradation assessment, and computational and statistical approaches to quantify degradation. For its holistic approach, this book can be used both as an introduction to these issues and a reference resource for all involved in research and application of solid oxide fuel cells, especially those developing understanding in industrial applications of the lifetime issues. This includes researchers in academia and industrial R&D, graduate students and professionals in energy engineering, electrochemistry, and materials sciences for energy applications. It might also be of particular interest to analysts who are looking into integrating SOFCs into energy systems. Brings together in a single volume leading research and expert thinking around the broad topic of SOFC lifetime and durability Explores issues that affect solid oxide fuel cells elements, materials, and systems with a holistic approach Provides a practical reference for overcoming some of the common failure mechanisms of SOFCs Features coverage of integrating SOFCs into energy systems

Electrochemical Devices for Energy Storage Applications

Electrochemical Devices for Energy Storage Applications
Author: Mesfin A. Kebede,Fabian I. Ezema
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2019-12-11
ISBN 10: 100076379X
ISBN 13: 9781000763799
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrochemical Devices for Energy Storage Applications Book Review:

This book explores a wide range of energy storage devices, such as a lithium ion battery, sodium ion battery, magnesium ion battery and supercapacitors. Providing a comprehensive review of the current field, it also discusses the history of these technologies and introduces next-generation rechargeable batteries and supercapacitors. This book will serve as a valuable reference for researchers working with energy storage technologies across the fields of physics, chemistry, and engineering. Features: • Edited by established authorities in the field, with chapter contributions from subject area specialists • Provides a comprehensive review of field • Up to date with the latest developments and research

Science and Technology of Ceramic Fuel Cells

Science and Technology of Ceramic Fuel Cells
Author: N.Q. Minh,T. Takahashi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 366
Release: 1995-08-15
ISBN 10: 9780080540764
ISBN 13: 0080540767
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Science and Technology of Ceramic Fuel Cells Book Review:

Ceramic fuel cells, commonly known as solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), have been under development for a broad range of electric power generation applications. The most attractive feature of the SOFC is its clean and efficient production of electricity from a variety of fuels. The SOFC has the potential to be manufactured and operated cost-effectively. The widening interest in this technology, thus, arises from the continuing need to develop cleaner and more efficient means of converting energy sources into useful forms. This topical book provides a comprehensive treatise on solid oxide fuel cells and succeeds successfully in filling the gap in the market for a reference book in this field. Directed towards scientists, engineers, and technical managers working with SOFCs as well as ceramic devices based on conducting materials, and in related fields, the book will also be invaluable as a textbook for science and engineering courses.

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Author: Tatsumi Ishihara
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2009-06-12
ISBN 10: 9780387777085
ISBN 13: 0387777083
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Perovskite Oxide for Solid Oxide Fuel Cells Book Review:

Fuel cell technology is quite promising for conversion of chemical energy of hydrocarbon fuels into electricity without forming air pollutants. There are several types of fuel cells: polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC), phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC), molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC), solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC), and alkaline fuel cell (AFC). Among these, SOFCs are the most efficient and have various advantages such as flexibility in fuel, high reliability, simple balance of plant (BOP), and a long history. Therefore, SOFC technology is attracting much attention as a power plant and is now close to marketing as a combined heat and power generation system. From the beginning of SOFC development, many perovskite oxides have been used for SOFC components; for example, LaMnO -based oxide for the cathode and 3 LaCrO for the interconnect are the most well known materials for SOFCs. The 3 current SOFCs operate at temperatures higher than 1073 K. However, lowering the operating temperature of SOFCs is an important goal for further SOFC development. Reliability, durability, and stability of the SOFCs could be greatly improved by decreasing their operating temperature. In addition, a lower operating temperature is also beneficial for shortening the startup time and decreasing energy loss from heat radiation. For this purpose, faster oxide ion conductors are required to replace the conventional Y O -stabilized ZrO 2 3 2 electrolyte. A new class of electrolytes such as LaGaO is considered to be 3 highly useful for intermediate-temperature SOFCs.

Electrochemical Power Sources

Electrochemical Power Sources
Author: Vladimir S. Bagotsky,Alexander M. Skundin,Yurij M. Volfkovich
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2015-01-07
ISBN 10: 1118460235
ISBN 13: 9781118460238
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Electrochemical Power Sources Book Review:

Electrochemical Power Sources (EPS) provides in a concise way the operational features, major types, and applications of batteries, fuel cells, and supercapacitors • Details the design, operational features, and applications of batteries, fuel cells, and supercapacitors • Covers improvements of existing EPSs and the development of new kinds of EPS as the results of intense R&D work • Provides outlook for future trends in fuel cells and batteries • Covers the most typical battery types, fuel cells and supercapacitors; such as zinc-carbon batteries, alkaline manganese dioxide batteries, mercury-zinc cells, lead-acid batteries, cadmium storage batteries, silver-zinc batteries and modern lithium batteries