Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Ad Hoc Committee on the Solar System Radiation Environment and NASA's Vision for Space Exploration: A Workshop
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 104
Release: 2006-10-10
ISBN 10: 9780309180665
ISBN 13: 030918066X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration Book Review:

Fulfilling the President’s Vision for Space Exploration (VSE) will require overcoming many challenges. Among these are the hazards of space radiation to crews traveling to the Moon and Mars. To explore these challenges in some depth and to examine ways to marshal research efforts to address them, NASA, NSF, and the NRC sponsored a workshop bringing together members of the space and planetary science, radiation physics, operations, and exploration engineering communities. The goals of the workshop were to increase understanding of the solar and space physics in the environment of Earth, the Moon, and Mars; to identify compelling relevant research goals; and discuss directions this research should take over the coming decade. This workshop report presents a discussion of radiation risks for the VSE, an assessment of specifying and predicting the space radiation environment, an analysis of operational strategies for space weather support, and a summary and conclusions of the workshop.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1985
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: MINN:30000011060997
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book Review:

NASA technical note

NASA technical note
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1974
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015006097623
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

NASA technical note Book Review:

NASA Technical Note

NASA Technical Note
Author: United States. National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1974
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112008548270
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

NASA Technical Note Book Review:

Radiation and the International Space Station

Radiation and the International Space Station
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Committee on Solar and Space Physics and Committee on Solar-Terrestrial Research
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 92
Release: 2000-02-25
ISBN 10: 9780309172448
ISBN 13: 0309172446
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiation and the International Space Station Book Review:

A major objective of the International Space Station is learning how to cope with the inherent risks of human spaceflight--how to live and work in space for extended periods. The construction of the station itself provides the first opportunity for doing so. Prominent among the challenges associated with ISS construction is the large amount of time that astronauts will be spending doing extravehicular activity (EVA), or "space walks." EVAs from the space shuttle have been extraordinarily successful, most notably the on-orbit repair of the Hubble Space Telescope. But the number of hours of EVA for ISS construction exceeds that of the Hubble repair mission by orders of magnitude. Furthermore, the ISS orbit has nearly twice the inclination to Earth's equator as Hubble's orbit, so it spends part of every 90-minute circumnavigation at high latitudes, where Earth's magnetic field is less effective at shielding impinging radiation. This means that astronauts sweeping through these regions will be considerably more vulnerable to dangerous doses of energetic particles from a sudden solar eruption. Radiation and the International Space Station estimates that the likelihood of having a potentially dangerous solar event during an EVA is indeed very high. This report recommends steps that can be taken immediately, and over the next several years, to provide adequate warning so that the astronauts can be directed to take protective cover inside the ISS or shuttle. The near-term actions include programmatic and operational ways to take advantage of the multiagency assets that currently monitor and forecast space weather, and ways to improve the in situ measurements and the predictive power of current models.

Cosmic Rays and Earth

Cosmic Rays and Earth
Author: J.W. Bieber,E. Eroshenko,P. Evenson,E.O. Flückiger,R. Kallenbach
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 411
Release: 2013-04-17
ISBN 10: 9401711879
ISBN 13: 9789401711876
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cosmic Rays and Earth Book Review:

The year 1998 marked the 50th anniversary of the invention of the neutron monitor, a key research tool in the field of space physics and solar-terrestrial relations. In honor of this occasion a workshop entitled 'Cosmic Rays and Earth' was organized to review the detection of cosmic rays at the surface and in the lower atmosphere of Earth, including the effect that this radiation has on the terrestrial environment. A special focus was the role of neutron monitors in the investigation of this radiation, on the science enabled by the unique dataset of the worldwide network of neutron monitors, and on continuing opportunities to use these data to solve outstanding problems. This book is the principal product of that workshop, integrating the contribu tions of all participants. Following a general summary of the workshop prepared by the editors, the volume leads off with a keynote article by Professor John Simpson describing his invention of the neutron monitor in 1948 and the early scientific discoveries made with this instrument.

Cosmic Rays in the Earth s Atmosphere and Underground

Cosmic Rays in the Earth   s Atmosphere and Underground
Author: Lev Dorman
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 862
Release: 2013-03-19
ISBN 10: 1402021135
ISBN 13: 9781402021138
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cosmic Rays in the Earth s Atmosphere and Underground Book Review:

The present monograph as well as the next one (Dorman, M2005) is a result of more than 50 years working in cosmic ray (CR) research. After graduation in December 1950 Moscow Lomonosov State University (Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics Division, the Team of Theoretical Physics), my supervisor Professor D. I. Blokhintsev planned for me, as a winner of a Red Diploma, to continue my education as an aspirant (a graduate student) to prepare for Ph. D. in his very secret Object in the framework of what was in those time called the Atomic Problem. To my regret the KGB withheld permission, and I, together with other Jewish students who had graduated Nuclear Divisions of Moscow and Leningrad Universities and Institutes, were faced with a real prospect of being without any work. It was our good fortune that at that time there was being brought into being the new Cosmic Ray Project (what at that time was also very secret, but not as secret as the Atomic Problem), and after some time we were directed to work on this Project. It was organized and headed by Prof. S. N. Vernov (President of All-Union Section of Cosmic Rays) and Prof. N. V. Pushkov (Director of IZMIRAN); Prof. E. L. Feinberg headed the theoretical part of the Project.

The Sun as a Guide to Stellar Physics

The Sun as a Guide to Stellar Physics
Author: Oddbjørn Engvold,Jean-Claude Vial,Andrew Skumanich
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 522
Release: 2018-11-15
ISBN 10: 0128143355
ISBN 13: 9780128143353
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Sun as a Guide to Stellar Physics Book Review:

The Sun as a Guide to Stellar Physics illustrates the significance of the Sun in understanding stars through an examination of the discoveries and insights gained from solar physics research. Ranging from theories to modeling and from numerical simulations to instrumentation and data processing, the book provides an overview of what we currently understand and how the Sun can be a model for gaining further knowledge about stellar physics. Providing both updates on recent developments in solar physics and applications to stellar physics, this book strengthens the solar–stellar connection and summarizes what we know about the Sun for the stellar, space, and geophysics communities. Applies observations, theoretical understanding, modeling capabilities and physical processes first revealed by the sun to the study of stellar physics Illustrates how studies of Proxima Solaris have led to progress in space science, stellar physics and related fields Uses characteristics of solar phenomena as a guide for understanding the physics of stars

Extreme Events in Geospace

Extreme Events in Geospace
Author: Natalia Buzulukova
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 798
Release: 2017-12-01
ISBN 10: 0128127015
ISBN 13: 9780128127018
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extreme Events in Geospace Book Review:

Extreme Events in Geospace: Origins, Predictability, and Consequences helps deepen the understanding, description, and forecasting of the complex and inter-related phenomena of extreme space weather events. Composed of chapters written by representatives from many different institutions and fields of space research, the book offers discussions ranging from definitions and historical knowledge to operational issues and methods of analysis. Given that extremes in ionizing radiation, ionospheric irregularities, and geomagnetically induced currents may have the potential to disrupt our technologies or pose danger to human health, it is increasingly important to synthesize the information available on not only those consequences but also the origins and predictability of such events. Extreme Events in Geospace: Origins, Predictability, and Consequences is a valuable source for providing the latest research for geophysicists and space weather scientists, as well as industries impacted by space weather events, including GNSS satellites and radio communication, power grids, aviation, and human spaceflight. The list of first/second authors includes M. Hapgood, N. Gopalswamy, K.D. Leka, G. Barnes, Yu. Yermolaev, P. Riley, S. Sharma, G. Lakhina, B. Tsurutani, C. Ngwira, A. Pulkkinen, J. Love, P. Bedrosian, N. Buzulukova, M. Sitnov, W. Denig, M. Panasyuk, R. Hajra, D. Ferguson, S. Lai, L. Narici, K. Tobiska, G. Gapirov, A. Mannucci, T. Fuller-Rowell, X. Yue, G. Crowley, R. Redmon, V. Airapetian, D. Boteler, M. MacAlester, S. Worman, D. Neudegg, and M. Ishii. Helps to define extremes in space weather and describes existing methods of analysis Discusses current scientific understanding of these events and outlines future challenges Considers the ways in which space weather may affect daily life Demonstrates deep connections between astrophysics, heliophysics, and space weather applications, including a discussion of extreme space weather events from the past Examines national and space policy issues concerning space weather in Australia, Canada, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States

Testing at the Speed of Light

Testing at the Speed of Light
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,National Materials and Manufacturing Board,Committee on Space Radiation Effects Testing Infrastructure for the U.S. Space Program
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 88
Release: 2018-06-08
ISBN 10: 030947082X
ISBN 13: 9780309470827
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Testing at the Speed of Light Book Review:

Spacecraft depend on electronic components that must perform reliably over missions measured in years and decades. Space radiation is a primary source of degradation, reliability issues, and potentially failure for these electronic components. Although simulation and modeling are valuable for understanding the radiation risk to microelectronics, there is no substitute for testing, and an increased use of commercial-off-the- shelf parts in spacecraft may actually increase requirements for testing, as opposed to simulation and modeling. Testing at the Speed of Light evaluates the nation's current capabilities and future needs for testing the effects of space radiation on microelectronics to ensure mission success and makes recommendations on how to provide effective stewardship of the necessary radiation test infrastructure for the foreseeable future.

Influence of the Sun s Radiation and Particles on the Earth s Atmosphere and Climate

Influence of the Sun s Radiation and Particles on the Earth s Atmosphere and Climate
Author: Jan Laštovička
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 6
Release: 2005
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015061014893
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Influence of the Sun s Radiation and Particles on the Earth s Atmosphere and Climate Book Review:

Technical Evaluation of the NASA Model for Cancer Risk to Astronauts Due to Space Radiation

Technical Evaluation of the NASA Model for Cancer Risk to Astronauts Due to Space Radiation
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee for Evaluation of Space Radiation Cancer Risk Model
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 86
Release: 2012-03-19
ISBN 10: 030925308X
ISBN 13: 9780309253086
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Technical Evaluation of the NASA Model for Cancer Risk to Astronauts Due to Space Radiation Book Review:

NASA's current missions to the International Space Station (ISS) and potential future exploration missions involving extended stays by astronauts on the lunar surface, as well as the possibility of near- Earth object (NEO) or Mars missions, present challenges in protecting astronauts from radiation risks. These risks arise from a number of sources, including solar particle events (SPEs), galactic cosmic rays (GCRs), secondary radiation from surface impacts, and even the nuclear isotope power sources transported with the astronauts. The serious early and late radiation health effects potentially posed by these exposures are equally varied, ranging from early signs of radiation sickness to cancer induction. Other possible effects include central nervous system damage, cataracts, cardiovascular damage, heritable effects, impaired wound healing, and infertility. Recent research, much of which has been sponsored by NASA, has focused on understanding and quantifying the radiation health risks posed by space radiation environments. Although many aspects of the space radiation environments are now relatively well characterized, important uncertainties still exist regarding biological effects and thus regarding the level and types of risks faced by astronauts. This report presents an evaluation of NASA's proposed space radiation cancer risk assessment model, which is described in the 2011 NASA report, Space Radiation Cancer Risk Projections and Uncertainties--2010. The evaluation in Technical Evaluation of the NASA Model for Cancer Risk to Astronauts Due to Space Radiation considers the model components, input data (for the radiation types, estimated doses, and epidemiology), and the associated uncertainties. This report also identifies gaps in NASA's current research strategy for reducing the uncertainties in cancer induction risks.

Cosmic Rays at Earth

Cosmic Rays at Earth
Author: P.K.F. Grieder
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1112
Release: 2001-07-27
ISBN 10: 9780080530055
ISBN 13: 0080530052
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cosmic Rays at Earth Book Review:

In 1912 Victor Franz Hess made the revolutionary discovery that ionizing radiation is incident upon the Earth from outer space. He showed with ground-based and balloon-borne detectors that the intensity of the radiation did not change significantly between day and night. Consequently, the sun could not be regarded as the sources of this radiation and the question of its origin remained unanswered. Today, almost one hundred years later the question of the origin of the cosmic radiation still remains a mystery. Hess' discovery has given an enormous impetus to large areas of science, in particular to physics, and has played a major role in the formation of our current understanding of universal evolution. For example, the development of new fields of research such as elementary particle physics, modern astrophysics and cosmology are direct consequences of this discovery. Over the years the field of cosmic ray research has evolved in various directions: Firstly, the field of particle physics that was initiated by the discovery of many so-called elementary particles in the cosmic radiation. There is a strong trend from the accelerator physics community to reenter the field of cosmic ray physics, now under the name of astroparticle physics. Secondly, an important branch of cosmic ray physics that has rapidly evolved in conjunction with space exploration concerns the low energy portion of the cosmic ray spectrum. Thirdly, the branch of research that is concerned with the origin, acceleration and propagation of the cosmic radiation represents a great challenge for astrophysics, astronomy and cosmology. Presently very popular fields of research have rapidly evolved, such as high-energy gamma ray and neutrino astronomy. In addition, high-energy neutrino astronomy may soon initiate as a likely spin-off neutrino tomography of the Earth and thus open a unique new branch of geophysical research of the interior of the Earth. Finally, of considerable interest are the biological and medical aspects of the cosmic radiation because of it ionizing character and the inevitable irradiation to which we are exposed. This book is a reference manual for researchers and students of cosmic ray physics and associated fields and phenomena. It is not intended to be a tutorial. However, the book contains an adequate amount of background materials that its content should be useful to a broad community of scientists and professionals. The present book contains chiefly a data collection in compact form that covers the cosmic radiation in the vicinity of the Earth, in the Earth's atmosphere, at sea level and underground. Included are predominantly experimental but also theoretical data. In addition the book contains related data, definitions and important relations. The aim of this book is to offer the reader in a single volume a readily available comprehensive set of data that will save him the need of frequent time consuming literature searches.

Solar cosmic rays modulation of galactic radiation magnetospheric and atmospheric effects

Solar cosmic rays modulation of galactic radiation magnetospheric and atmospheric effects
Author: Antal J. Somogyi
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1970
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCAL:B3531987
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar cosmic rays modulation of galactic radiation magnetospheric and atmospheric effects Book Review:

Highlights in Helioclimatology

Highlights in Helioclimatology
Author: Jorge A. Pérez-Peraza,Igor Y. Libin,Igorʹ I︠A︡kovlevich Libin
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 284
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 012415977X
ISBN 13: 9780124159778
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Highlights in Helioclimatology Book Review:

"Global change of the climate is a problem at a planetary scale, and the whole world will have to settle it. Making a coordinated decision is as necessary and unavoidable as a common fight against terrorism. And the earlier politicians begin real actions, the less damage will be. But we would like to understand if the man is really such a self-killer, that he tries to kill himself and every living thing on the planet so passionately: from the first minute of it's comparatively intelligent existence the humanity has always made damage to the planet to survive, since it has not had any other way to continue its existence on the Earth. All natural forces and other types of animals have always been stronger than the Homo Sapiens"--

Terrestrial Space Radiation and Its Biological Effects

Terrestrial Space Radiation and Its Biological Effects
Author: Percival D. McCormack,Charles E. Swenberg,Horst Bucker
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 864
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461315670
ISBN 13: 9781461315674
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Terrestrial Space Radiation and Its Biological Effects Book Review:

This volume is based on the proceedings of an Advanced Study Institute (ASI) sponsored by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) held October 1987 in Corfu, Greece. The Institute received financial support from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, U.S.A. Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute, U.S.A. Department of Energy, U.S.A. Deutsche Forschungs-und Versuchanstalt fur Luft und Raumfahrt e.v., Kaln, Germany The advent of the shuttle era is providing fresh impetus for large space ventures such as communication centers, solar power stations, astronomical observatories, orbiting factories, and space based radar. Such ventures will rely heavily on an extensive and prolonged human presence in space doing in-orbit construction, maintenance, and opera tion. Among the advantages of location in space are the near zero gravity environment, commanding location, and the reception of solar energy and astronomical signals unattenuated by the atmosphere. Central to long-term manned space missions are the problems associated with the effects of exposure to ionizing radiations on humans. Manned space mis sions in the past have encountered relatively benign radiation environ ments because of their very short duration and orbit configuration. However, crew stay time of up to a year has been recently achieved by the Soviet space program; and Mars missions lasting several years are under serious consideration.

The Outer Heliosphere The Next Frontiers

The Outer Heliosphere  The Next Frontiers
Author: E. Marsch,H.-J. Fahr,K. Scherer
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 542
Release: 2001-09-19
ISBN 10: 9780080538280
ISBN 13: 0080538282
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Outer Heliosphere The Next Frontiers Book Review:

The eleventh COSPAR colloquium The Outer Heliosphere: The Next Frontiers was held in Potsdam, Germany, from 24-28 July, 2000, and is the second dedicated to this subject after the first one held in Warsaw, Poland in 1989. Roughly a century has passed after the first ideas by Oliver Lodge, George Francis Fitzgerald and Kristan Birkeland about particle clouds emanating from the Sun and interacting with the Earth environment. Only a few decades after the formulation of the concepts of a continuous solar corpuscular radiation by Ludwig Bierman and a solar wind by Eugene Parker, heliospheric physics has evolved into an important branch of astrophysical research. Numerous spacecraft missions have increased the knowledge about the heliosphere tremendously. Now, at the beginning of a new millenium it seems possible, by newly developed propulasion technologies to send a spacecraft beyond the boundaries of the heliosphere. Such an Interstellar Proce will start the in-situ exploration of interstellar space and, thus, can be considered as the first true astrophysical spacecraft. The year 2000 appeared to be a highly welcome occassion to review the achievements since the last COSPAR Colloquia 11 years ago, to summarize the present developments and to give new impulse for future activities in heliospheric research.

Nucleonics

Nucleonics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1963
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015015436135
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nucleonics Book Review:

Solar Wind magnetosphere ionosphere Dynamics and Radiation Models

Solar Wind magnetosphere ionosphere Dynamics and Radiation Models
Author: Tadashi Mukai
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 268
Release: 2005
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015063166931
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar Wind magnetosphere ionosphere Dynamics and Radiation Models Book Review:

Cosmic Electrodynamics

Cosmic Electrodynamics
Author: J. H. Piddington,John Hobart Piddington
Publsiher: Wiley-Interscience
Total Pages: 305
Release: 1969
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015002003971
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cosmic Electrodynamics Book Review: