Solar Activity, Events, and Galactic Cosmic Radiation

Solar Activity, Events, and Galactic Cosmic Radiation
Author: Kira Brianne Shonkwiler
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2020-01-15
ISBN 10: 9780128195918
ISBN 13: 0128195916
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar Activity, Events, and Galactic Cosmic Radiation Book Review:

Solar Activity, Events, and Galactic Cosmic Radiation: Effects on the Earth's Atmospheres give students and researchers in Atmospheric Science, Solar Physics and Climatology a more concise perspective on the Earth's atmospheres and how they are affected by solar emissions. It reviews a wide range of topics relating to the effects from solar activity on the Earth's climate including impacts on the energy budget, the effect of emission on tides and dynamics, how solar emissions change on different time scales and the ramifications on modelling paleoclimates. By providing greater insight on how solar emissions change as they travel through the atmosphere, Solar Activity, Events, and Galactic Cosmic Radiation: Effects on the Earth's Atmospheres guides the reader on how to present these emissions, along with observations and indices. Thoroughly reviews the impacts of solar activity and radiation on the Earth's Atmosphere and Climate, including effects on the energy budget, tides and dynamics and modelling paleoclimates The topic is broken down by atmospheric level for greater understanding Additionally covers of the Global Electric Circuit and the indirect impacted by solar emissions

Biological Effects and Physics of Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation

Biological Effects and Physics of Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation
Author: Charles E. Swenberg,Gerda Horneck,E.G. Stassinopoulous
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 939
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461529166
ISBN 13: 9781461529163
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biological Effects and Physics of Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation Book Review:

Space missions subject human beings or any other target of a spacecraft to a radiation environment of an intensity and composition not available on earth. Whereas for missions in low earth orbit (LEO), such as those using the Space Shuttle or Space Station scenario, radiation exposure guidelines have been developed and have been adopted by spacefaring agencies, for exploratory class missions that will take the space travellers outside the protective confines of the geomagnetic field sufficient guidelines for radiation protection are still outstanding. For a piloted Mars mission, the whole concept of radiation protection needs to be reconsidered. Since there is an increasing interest of many nations and space agencies in establishing a lunar base and lor exploring Mars by manned missions, it is both, timely and important to develop appropriate risk estimates and radiation protection guidelines which will have an influence on the design and structure of space vehicles and habitation areas of the extraterrestrial settlements. This book is the result of a multidisciplinary effort to assess the state of art in our knowledge on the radiation situation during deep space missions and on the impact of this complex radiation environment on the space traveller. It comprises the lectures by the faculty members as well as short contributions by the students given at the NATO Advanced Study Institute "Biological Effects and Physics of Solar and Galactic Cosmic Radiation" held in Armacao de Pera, Portugal, 12-23 October, 1991.

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Ad Hoc Committee on the Solar System Radiation Environment and NASA's Vision for Space Exploration: A Workshop
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 104
Release: 2006-10-10
ISBN 10: 9780309180665
ISBN 13: 030918066X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration Book Review:

Fulfilling the President’s Vision for Space Exploration (VSE) will require overcoming many challenges. Among these are the hazards of space radiation to crews traveling to the Moon and Mars. To explore these challenges in some depth and to examine ways to marshal research efforts to address them, NASA, NSF, and the NRC sponsored a workshop bringing together members of the space and planetary science, radiation physics, operations, and exploration engineering communities. The goals of the workshop were to increase understanding of the solar and space physics in the environment of Earth, the Moon, and Mars; to identify compelling relevant research goals; and discuss directions this research should take over the coming decade. This workshop report presents a discussion of radiation risks for the VSE, an assessment of specifying and predicting the space radiation environment, an analysis of operational strategies for space weather support, and a summary and conclusions of the workshop.

Radiation Hazard in Space

Radiation Hazard in Space
Author: Leonty Miroshnichenko
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 243
Release: 2003-10-31
ISBN 10: 9781402015380
ISBN 13: 1402015380
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiation Hazard in Space Book Review:

The mono graph contains 8 chapters, and their contents cover all principal aspects of the problem: 1. Introduction and brief his tory ofthe radiation problem and background information ofradiation hazard in the near-Earth and interplanetary space. 2. General description of radiation conditions and main sources of charged partic1es in the Earth's environment and interplanetary space, effects of space environment on spacecraft. 3. Basic information about physical conditions in space and main sources of charged particles in the Earth's environment and interplanetary space, in the context of "Space W eather" monitoring and prediction. 4. Trapped radiation belts of the Earth (ERB): theory of their origin, spatial and temporal dynamics, and experimental and statistical models. 5. Galactic cosmic rays (GCR): variations of energetic, temporal and spatial characteristics, long-term modulation, and anomalous cosmic ray (ACR) component, modeling oftheir dynamics. 6. Production of energetic particles (SEPs) at/ne ar the Sun: available databases, acceleration, propagation, and prediction of individual SEP event, statistical models of solar cosmic rays (SCR). 7. Existing empirical techniques of estimating, prediction and modeling of radiation hazard, methodical approaches and constraints, some questions of changes in the Earth's radiation environment due to changes of the solar activity level. 8. Unresolved problems of radiation hazard prediction and spacecraft protection, radiation experiments on board the spacecraft, estimating of radiation conditions during interplanetary missions. Space does not allow us to explain every time the solar-terrestrial and radiation physics nomencIature used in current English-language literature.

The Heliosphere through the Solar Activity Cycle

The Heliosphere through the Solar Activity Cycle
Author: A. Balogh,Louis J. Lanzerotti,Steve T. Suess
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2007-12-08
ISBN 10: 9783540743026
ISBN 13: 3540743022
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Heliosphere through the Solar Activity Cycle Book Review:

Understanding how the Sun changes though its 11-year sunspot cycle and how these changes affect the vast space around the Sun – the heliosphere – has been one of the principal objectives of space research since the advent of the space age. This book presents the evolution of the heliosphere through an entire solar activity cycle. The last solar cycle (cycle 23) has been the best observed from both the Earth and from a fleet of spacecraft. Of these, the joint ESA-NASA Ulysses probe has provided continuous observations of the state of the heliosphere since 1990 from a unique vantage point, that of a nearly polar orbit around the Sun. Ulysses’ results affect our understanding of the heliosphere from the interior of the Sun to the interstellar medium - beyond the outer boundary of the heliosphere. Written by scientists closely associated with the Ulysses mission, the book describes and explains the many different aspects of changes in the heliosphere in response to solar activity. In particular, the authors describe the rise in solar activity from the last minimum in solar activity in 1996 to its maximum in 2000 and the subsequent decline in activity.

Solar Cosmic Rays

Solar Cosmic Rays
Author: L.I. Miroshnichenko
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 480
Release: 2013-06-29
ISBN 10: 9401596468
ISBN 13: 9789401596466
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar Cosmic Rays Book Review:

It turned out to be really a rare and happy occasion that we know exact1y when and how a new branch of space physics was born, namely, a physics of solar cosmic rays. It happened on February 28 and March 7, 1942 when the fIrst "cosmic ray bursts" were recorded on the Earth, and the Sun was unambiguously identifIed for the fIrst time as the source of high-velocity 10 particles with energies up to > 10 eV. Just due to such a high energy these relativistic particles have been called "solar cosmic rays" (SCR), in distinction from the "true" cosmic rays of galactic origin. Between 1942 and the beginning ofthe space era in 1957 only extremely high energy solar particle events could be occasionally recorded by cosmic ray ground-Ievel detectors and balloon borne sensors. Since then the detection techniques varied considerably and the study of SCR turned into essential part of solar and solar-terrestrial physics.

Cosmic Rays and Earth

Cosmic Rays and Earth
Author: J.W. Bieber,E. Eroshenko,P. Evenson,E.O. Flückiger,R. Kallenbach
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 411
Release: 2013-04-17
ISBN 10: 9401711879
ISBN 13: 9789401711876
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cosmic Rays and Earth Book Review:

The year 1998 marked the 50th anniversary of the invention of the neutron monitor, a key research tool in the field of space physics and solar-terrestrial relations. In honor of this occasion a workshop entitled 'Cosmic Rays and Earth' was organized to review the detection of cosmic rays at the surface and in the lower atmosphere of Earth, including the effect that this radiation has on the terrestrial environment. A special focus was the role of neutron monitors in the investigation of this radiation, on the science enabled by the unique dataset of the worldwide network of neutron monitors, and on continuing opportunities to use these data to solve outstanding problems. This book is the principal product of that workshop, integrating the contribu tions of all participants. Following a general summary of the workshop prepared by the editors, the volume leads off with a keynote article by Professor John Simpson describing his invention of the neutron monitor in 1948 and the early scientific discoveries made with this instrument.

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1985
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: MINN:30000011060997
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Scientific and Technical Aerospace Reports Book Review:

Cosmic Rays in the Earth’s Atmosphere and Underground

Cosmic Rays in the Earth’s Atmosphere and Underground
Author: Lev Dorman
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 862
Release: 2013-03-19
ISBN 10: 1402021135
ISBN 13: 9781402021138
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cosmic Rays in the Earth’s Atmosphere and Underground Book Review:

The present monograph as well as the next one (Dorman, M2005) is a result of more than 50 years working in cosmic ray (CR) research. After graduation in December 1950 Moscow Lomonosov State University (Nuclear and Elementary Particle Physics Division, the Team of Theoretical Physics), my supervisor Professor D. I. Blokhintsev planned for me, as a winner of a Red Diploma, to continue my education as an aspirant (a graduate student) to prepare for Ph. D. in his very secret Object in the framework of what was in those time called the Atomic Problem. To my regret the KGB withheld permission, and I, together with other Jewish students who had graduated Nuclear Divisions of Moscow and Leningrad Universities and Institutes, were faced with a real prospect of being without any work. It was our good fortune that at that time there was being brought into being the new Cosmic Ray Project (what at that time was also very secret, but not as secret as the Atomic Problem), and after some time we were directed to work on this Project. It was organized and headed by Prof. S. N. Vernov (President of All-Union Section of Cosmic Rays) and Prof. N. V. Pushkov (Director of IZMIRAN); Prof. E. L. Feinberg headed the theoretical part of the Project.

Galactic and Solar Cosmic Ray Shielding in Deep Space

Galactic and Solar Cosmic Ray Shielding in Deep Space
Author: John W. Wilson
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 22
Release: 1997
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: NASA:31769000449622
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Galactic and Solar Cosmic Ray Shielding in Deep Space Book Review:

Solar Cosmic Rays

Solar Cosmic Rays
Author: Leonty Miroshnichenko
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 521
Release: 2014-10-16
ISBN 10: 3319094297
ISBN 13: 9783319094298
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Solar Cosmic Rays Book Review:

Presents a comprehensive approach to the open questions in solar cosmic ray research and includes consistent and detailed considerations of conceptual, observational, theoretical, experimental and applied aspects of the field. The results of solar cosmic ray (SCR) investigations from 1942 to the present are summarized in this book. It treats the research questions in a self-contained form in all of its associations, from fundamental astrophysical aspects to geophysical, aeronautical and cosmonautical applications. A large amount of new data is included, which has been accumulated during the last several decades of space research. This second edition contains numerous updates and corrections to the text, figures and references. The author has also added several new sections about GLEs and radiation hazards. In addition, an extensive bibliography is provided, which covers non-partially the main achievements and failures in the field. This volume is aimed at graduate students and researchers in solar physics and space science.

Cosmic Rays at Earth

Cosmic Rays at Earth
Author: P.K.F. Grieder
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1112
Release: 2001-07-27
ISBN 10: 9780080530055
ISBN 13: 0080530052
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cosmic Rays at Earth Book Review:

In 1912 Victor Franz Hess made the revolutionary discovery that ionizing radiation is incident upon the Earth from outer space. He showed with ground-based and balloon-borne detectors that the intensity of the radiation did not change significantly between day and night. Consequently, the sun could not be regarded as the sources of this radiation and the question of its origin remained unanswered. Today, almost one hundred years later the question of the origin of the cosmic radiation still remains a mystery. Hess' discovery has given an enormous impetus to large areas of science, in particular to physics, and has played a major role in the formation of our current understanding of universal evolution. For example, the development of new fields of research such as elementary particle physics, modern astrophysics and cosmology are direct consequences of this discovery. Over the years the field of cosmic ray research has evolved in various directions: Firstly, the field of particle physics that was initiated by the discovery of many so-called elementary particles in the cosmic radiation. There is a strong trend from the accelerator physics community to reenter the field of cosmic ray physics, now under the name of astroparticle physics. Secondly, an important branch of cosmic ray physics that has rapidly evolved in conjunction with space exploration concerns the low energy portion of the cosmic ray spectrum. Thirdly, the branch of research that is concerned with the origin, acceleration and propagation of the cosmic radiation represents a great challenge for astrophysics, astronomy and cosmology. Presently very popular fields of research have rapidly evolved, such as high-energy gamma ray and neutrino astronomy. In addition, high-energy neutrino astronomy may soon initiate as a likely spin-off neutrino tomography of the Earth and thus open a unique new branch of geophysical research of the interior of the Earth. Finally, of considerable interest are the biological and medical aspects of the cosmic radiation because of it ionizing character and the inevitable irradiation to which we are exposed. This book is a reference manual for researchers and students of cosmic ray physics and associated fields and phenomena. It is not intended to be a tutorial. However, the book contains an adequate amount of background materials that its content should be useful to a broad community of scientists and professionals. The present book contains chiefly a data collection in compact form that covers the cosmic radiation in the vicinity of the Earth, in the Earth's atmosphere, at sea level and underground. Included are predominantly experimental but also theoretical data. In addition the book contains related data, definitions and important relations. The aim of this book is to offer the reader in a single volume a readily available comprehensive set of data that will save him the need of frequent time consuming literature searches.

Extreme Events in Geospace

Extreme Events in Geospace
Author: Natalia Buzulukova
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 798
Release: 2017-12-01
ISBN 10: 0128127015
ISBN 13: 9780128127018
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Extreme Events in Geospace Book Review:

Extreme Events in Geospace: Origins, Predictability, and Consequences helps deepen the understanding, description, and forecasting of the complex and inter-related phenomena of extreme space weather events. Composed of chapters written by representatives from many different institutions and fields of space research, the book offers discussions ranging from definitions and historical knowledge to operational issues and methods of analysis. Given that extremes in ionizing radiation, ionospheric irregularities, and geomagnetically induced currents may have the potential to disrupt our technologies or pose danger to human health, it is increasingly important to synthesize the information available on not only those consequences but also the origins and predictability of such events. Extreme Events in Geospace: Origins, Predictability, and Consequences is a valuable source for providing the latest research for geophysicists and space weather scientists, as well as industries impacted by space weather events, including GNSS satellites and radio communication, power grids, aviation, and human spaceflight. The list of first/second authors includes M. Hapgood, N. Gopalswamy, K.D. Leka, G. Barnes, Yu. Yermolaev, P. Riley, S. Sharma, G. Lakhina, B. Tsurutani, C. Ngwira, A. Pulkkinen, J. Love, P. Bedrosian, N. Buzulukova, M. Sitnov, W. Denig, M. Panasyuk, R. Hajra, D. Ferguson, S. Lai, L. Narici, K. Tobiska, G. Gapirov, A. Mannucci, T. Fuller-Rowell, X. Yue, G. Crowley, R. Redmon, V. Airapetian, D. Boteler, M. MacAlester, S. Worman, D. Neudegg, and M. Ishii. Helps to define extremes in space weather and describes existing methods of analysis Discusses current scientific understanding of these events and outlines future challenges Considers the ways in which space weather may affect daily life Demonstrates deep connections between astrophysics, heliophysics, and space weather applications, including a discussion of extreme space weather events from the past Examines national and space policy issues concerning space weather in Australia, Canada, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States

Boeing Magazine

Boeing Magazine
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Anonim
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1961
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105013153098
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Boeing Magazine Book Review:

Technical Evaluation of the NASA Model for Cancer Risk to Astronauts Due to Space Radiation

Technical Evaluation of the NASA Model for Cancer Risk to Astronauts Due to Space Radiation
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Committee for Evaluation of Space Radiation Cancer Risk Model
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 86
Release: 2012-03-19
ISBN 10: 030925308X
ISBN 13: 9780309253086
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Technical Evaluation of the NASA Model for Cancer Risk to Astronauts Due to Space Radiation Book Review:

NASA's current missions to the International Space Station (ISS) and potential future exploration missions involving extended stays by astronauts on the lunar surface, as well as the possibility of near- Earth object (NEO) or Mars missions, present challenges in protecting astronauts from radiation risks. These risks arise from a number of sources, including solar particle events (SPEs), galactic cosmic rays (GCRs), secondary radiation from surface impacts, and even the nuclear isotope power sources transported with the astronauts. The serious early and late radiation health effects potentially posed by these exposures are equally varied, ranging from early signs of radiation sickness to cancer induction. Other possible effects include central nervous system damage, cataracts, cardiovascular damage, heritable effects, impaired wound healing, and infertility. Recent research, much of which has been sponsored by NASA, has focused on understanding and quantifying the radiation health risks posed by space radiation environments. Although many aspects of the space radiation environments are now relatively well characterized, important uncertainties still exist regarding biological effects and thus regarding the level and types of risks faced by astronauts. This report presents an evaluation of NASA's proposed space radiation cancer risk assessment model, which is described in the 2011 NASA report, Space Radiation Cancer Risk Projections and Uncertainties--2010. The evaluation in Technical Evaluation of the NASA Model for Cancer Risk to Astronauts Due to Space Radiation considers the model components, input data (for the radiation types, estimated doses, and epidemiology), and the associated uncertainties. This report also identifies gaps in NASA's current research strategy for reducing the uncertainties in cancer induction risks.

Mars Surface Radiation Exposure for Solar Maximum Conditions and 1989 Solar Proton Events

Mars Surface Radiation Exposure for Solar Maximum Conditions and 1989 Solar Proton Events
Author: National Aeronautics and Space Adm Nasa
Publsiher: Independently Published
Total Pages: 34
Release: 2019
ISBN 10: 9781792849244
ISBN 13: 1792849249
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mars Surface Radiation Exposure for Solar Maximum Conditions and 1989 Solar Proton Events Book Review:

The Langley heavy-ion/nucleon transport code, HZETRN, and the high-energy nucleon transport code, BRYNTRN, are used to predict the propagation of galactic cosmic rays (GCR's) and solar flare protons through the carbon dioxide atmosphere of Mars. Particle fluences and the resulting doses are estimated on the surface of Mars for GCR's during solar maximum conditions and the Aug., Sep., and Oct. 1989 solar proton events. These results extend previously calculated surface estimates for GCR's at solar minimum conditions and the Feb. 1956, Nov. 1960, and Aug. 1972 solar proton events. Surface doses are estimated with both a low-density and a high-density carbon dioxide model of the atmosphere for altitudes of 0, 4, 8, and 12 km above the surface. A solar modulation function is incorporated to estimate the GCR dose variation between solar minimum and maximum conditions over the 11-year solar cycle. By using current Mars mission scenarios, doses to the skin, eye, and blood-forming organs are predicted for short- and long-duration stay times on the Martian surface throughout the solar cycle. Simonsen, Lisa C. and Nealy, John E. Langley Research Center NASA-TP-3300, L-17152, NAS 1.60:3300 RTOP 593-42-31-01...

2001 Mars Odyssey

2001 Mars Odyssey
Author: C.T. Russell
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 159
Release: 2004-04-30
ISBN 10: 9781402016967
ISBN 13: 1402016964
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

2001 Mars Odyssey Book Review:

From the reviews: "Mars, the most habitable of our sister planets, holds a special place in our imaginations and in our space exploration program. Fully half of NASA's planetary exploration effort is now devoted to Mars. Key questions include: Has Mars ever harbored life? Is there life on Mars now? Will humans be able to survive the martian surface? Answers to these questions lie in determining the present location of water on Mars and its likely inventory in the past, and in determining the present radiation environment of Mars. This book captures the objectives, the design of the 2001 Mars Odyssey Mission and the details of the instruments carried to Mars." ( LUNAR AND PLANETARY INFORMATION BULLETIN)

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Space Studies Board,Ad Hoc Committee on the Solar System Radiation Environment and NASA's Vision for Space Exploration: A Workshop
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 104
Release: 2006-11-10
ISBN 10: 0309102642
ISBN 13: 9780309102643
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Space Radiation Hazards and the Vision for Space Exploration Book Review:

Fulfilling the President’s Vision for Space Exploration (VSE) will require overcoming many challenges. Among these are the hazards of space radiation to crews traveling to the Moon and Mars. To explore these challenges in some depth and to examine ways to marshal research efforts to address them, NASA, NSF, and the NRC sponsored a workshop bringing together members of the space and planetary science, radiation physics, operations, and exploration engineering communities. The goals of the workshop were to increase understanding of the solar and space physics in the environment of Earth, the Moon, and Mars; to identify compelling relevant research goals; and discuss directions this research should take over the coming decade. This workshop report presents a discussion of radiation risks for the VSE, an assessment of specifying and predicting the space radiation environment, an analysis of operational strategies for space weather support, and a summary and conclusions of the workshop.

Managing Space Radiation Risk in the New Era of Space Exploration

Managing Space Radiation Risk in the New Era of Space Exploration
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board,Committee on the Evaluation of Radiation Shielding for Space Exploration
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 132
Release: 2008-05-29
ISBN 10: 9780309185721
ISBN 13: 0309185726
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Managing Space Radiation Risk in the New Era of Space Exploration Book Review:

As part of the Vision for Space Exploration (VSE), NASA is planning for humans to revisit the Moon and someday go to Mars. An important consideration in this effort is protection against the exposure to space radiation. That radiation might result in severe long-term health consequences for astronauts on such missions if they are not adequately shielded. To help with these concerns, NASA asked the NRC to further the understanding of the risks of space radiation, to evaluate radiation shielding requirements, and recommend a strategic plan for developing appropriate mitigation capabilities. This book presents an assessment of current knowledge of the radiation environment; an examination of the effects of radiation on biological systems and mission equipment; an analysis of current plans for radiation protection; and a strategy for mitigating the risks to VSE astronauts.

Cosmic Ray Astrophysics

Cosmic Ray Astrophysics
Author: Reinhard Schlickeiser
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 519
Release: 2002-10-08
ISBN 10: 9783540664659
ISBN 13: 3540664653
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cosmic Ray Astrophysics Book Review:

In the first part, the book gives an up-to-date summary of the observational data. In the second part, it deals with the kinetic description of cosmic ray plasma. The underlying diffusion-convection transport equation, which governs the coupling between cosmic rays and the background plasma, is derived and analyzed in detail. In the third part, several applications of the solutions of the transport equation are presented and how key observations in cosmic ray physics can be accounted for is demonstrated.