Soil Remediation and Plants

Soil Remediation and Plants
Author: Khalid Hakeem,Muhammad Sabir,Munir Ozturk,Ahmet Ruhi Mermut
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 752
Release: 2014-08-29
ISBN 10: 0127999132
ISBN 13: 9780127999135
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soil Remediation and Plants Book Review:

The soil is being contaminated continuously by a large number of pollutants. Among them, heavy metals are an exclusive group of toxicants because they are stable and difficult to disseminate into non-toxic forms. The ever-increasing concentrations of such pollutants in the soil are considered serious threats toward everyone’s health and the environment. Many techniques are used to clean, eliminate, obliterate or sequester these hazardous pollutants from the soil. However, these techniques can be costly, labor intensive, and often disquieting. Phytoremediation is a simple, cost effective, environmental friendly and fast-emerging new technology for eliminating toxic heavy metals and other related soil pollutants. Soil Remediation and Plants provides a common platform for biologists, agricultural engineers, environmental scientists, and chemists, working with a common aim of finding sustainable solutions to various environmental issues. The book provides an overview of ecosystem approaches and phytotechnologies and their cumulative significance in relation to solving various environmental problems. Identifies the molecular mechanisms through which plants are able to remediate pollutants from the soil Examines the challenges and possibilities towards the various phytoremediation candidates Includes the latest research and ongoing progress in phytoremediation

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination
Author: Maria C. Hernandez Soriano
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 920
Release: 2014-03-26
ISBN 10: 953511235X
ISBN 13: 9789535112358
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination Book Review:

Soil is an irreplaceable resource that sustains life on the planet, challenged by food and energy demands of an increasing population. Therefore, soil contamination constitutes a critical issue to be addressed if we are to secure the life quality of present and future generations. Integrated efforts from researchers and policy makers are required to develop sound risk assessment procedures, remediation strategies and sustainable soil management policies. Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination provides a wide depiction of current research in soil contamination and risk assessment, encompassing reviews and case studies on soil pollution by heavy metals and organic pollutants. The book introduces several innovative approaches for soil remediation and risk assessment, including advances in phytoremediation and implementation of metabolomics in soil sciences.

Heavy Metal Contamination of Soils

Heavy Metal Contamination of Soils
Author: Irena Sherameti,Ajit Varma
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 497
Release: 2015-04-06
ISBN 10: 3319145266
ISBN 13: 9783319145266
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Heavy Metal Contamination of Soils Book Review:

Following a description of the various sources and factors influencing the contents of heavy metal pollution in post-catastrophic and agricultural soils, subsequent chapters examine soil enzymes and eggs as bio-monitors, lead adsorption, the effects of arsenic on microbial diversity, and the effects of Mediterranean grasslands on abandoned mines. A third section focuses on the adaptation strategies used by plants and bacteria, such as Pinus sylvestris in industrial areas, and the rhizosphere in contaminated tropical soils and soil treated with sewage sludge. Further topics addressed include strategies of bioremediation, e.g. using transgenic plants as tools for soil remediation. This new volume on heavy metals in soil will be of interest to researchers and scholars in microbial and plant biotechnology, agriculture, the environmental sciences and soil ecology.

Biotechnological Strategies for Effective Remediation of Polluted Soils

Biotechnological Strategies for Effective Remediation of Polluted Soils
Author: Bhupendra Koul,Pooja Taak
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2018-11-02
ISBN 10: 9811324204
ISBN 13: 9789811324208
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biotechnological Strategies for Effective Remediation of Polluted Soils Book Review:

This book presents a comprehensive collection of various in situ and ex-situ soil remediation regimes that employ natural or genetically modified microbes, plants, and animals for the biodegradation of toxic compounds or hazardous waste into simpler non-toxic products. These techniques are demonstrated to be functionally effective in connection with physical, chemical, and biological strategies. Soil and water contamination through heavy metals, hydrocarbons and radioactive wastes is of global concern, as these factors have cumulative effects on the environment and human health through food-chain contamination. The book discusses the utilization of algae, plants, plant-associated bacteria, fungi (endophytic or rhizospheric) and certain lower animals for the sustainable bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. In addition, it explores a number of more recent techniques like biochar and biofilms for carbon sequestration, soil conditioning and remediation, and water remediation. It highlights a number of recent advances in nanobioremediation, an emerging technology based on biosynthetic nanoparticles. Lastly, it presents illustrative case studies and highlights the successful treatment of polluted soils by means of these strategies.

Toxicity and Waste Management Using Bioremediation

Toxicity and Waste Management Using Bioremediation
Author: Rathoure, Ashok K.
Publsiher: IGI Global
Total Pages: 421
Release: 2015-12-02
ISBN 10: 1466697350
ISBN 13: 9781466697355
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toxicity and Waste Management Using Bioremediation Book Review:

Bioremediation is an emerging field of environmental research. The objective of a bioremediation process is to immobilize contaminants (reactants) or to transform them into chemical products that do not pose a risk to human health and the environment. Toxicity and Waste Management Using Bioremediation provides relevant theoretical and practical frameworks and the latest empircal research findings on the remediation of contaminated soil and groundwater using bioorganisms. Focusing on effective waste treatment methodologies and management strategies that lead to improved human and environmental health, this timely publication is ideal for use by environmenal scientists, biologists, policy makers, graduate students, and scholars in the fields of environmental science, chemistry, and biology.

Biotechnology for the Environment Soil Remediation

Biotechnology for the Environment  Soil Remediation
Author: Spiros Agathos,Walter Reineke
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 142
Release: 2002-11-30
ISBN 10: 9781402010514
ISBN 13: 1402010516
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biotechnology for the Environment Soil Remediation Book Review:

At the dawn of the 21st century, biotechnology is emerging as a key enabling technology for sustainable environmental protection and stewardship. Biotechnology for the Environment: Soil Remediation offers a state-of-the-art account of environmental biotechnology both in emerging and in more mature technological applications of soil remediation and cleanup of contaminated sites. Harnessing the potential of microorganisms and plants as eco-efficient and robust cleanup agents in a variety of practical situations is not only possible but is becoming widespread practice. Chapters are featured on current experience and trends in bioremediation of contaminated soil, life cycle assessment software tools for remediation planning, ex situ cleanup technologies using slurry reactors, implementation of anaerobic and aerobic in situ processes including monitored natural attenuation, complementary technologies on pesticide immobilisation in soil or humification of nitroaromatics, and, finally, phytoremediation of recalcitrant organic compounds and heavy metals. For more information on Strategy and Fundamentals, see Focus on Biotechnology Volume 3A, and for more information on Waste Water and Waste Gas Handling, see Focus on Biotechnology Volume 3C.

Phytoremediation

Phytoremediation
Author: Abid A. Ansari,Sarvajeet Singh Gill,Ritu Gill,Guy R. Lanza,Lee Newman
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2019-01-02
ISBN 10: 3319996517
ISBN 13: 9783319996516
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phytoremediation Book Review:

This text details the plant-assisted remediation method, “phytoremediation”, which involves the interaction of plant roots and associated rhizospheric microorganisms for the remediation of soil contaminated with high levels of metals, metalloids, fuel and oil hydrocarbons, nano particles, pesticides, solvents, organic compounds and various other contaminants. Many chapters highlight and compare the efficiency and economic advantages of phytoremediation and nano-phytoremediation to currently practiced soil and water treatment practices. Volume 6 of Phytoremediation: Management of Environmental Contaminants continues the series. Taken together, the six volumes provide a broad–based global synopsis of the current applications of phytoremediation using plants and the microbial communities associated with their roots to decontaminate terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.

Biotechnological Strategies for Effective Remediation of Polluted Soils

Biotechnological Strategies for Effective Remediation of Polluted Soils
Author: Bhupendra Koul,Pooja Taak
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2018-11-15
ISBN 10: 9789811324192
ISBN 13: 9811324190
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biotechnological Strategies for Effective Remediation of Polluted Soils Book Review:

This book presents a comprehensive collection of various in situ and ex-situ soil remediation regimes that employ natural or genetically modified microbes, plants, and animals for the biodegradation of toxic compounds or hazardous waste into simpler non-toxic products. These techniques are demonstrated to be functionally effective in connection with physical, chemical, and biological strategies. Soil and water contamination through heavy metals, hydrocarbons and radioactive wastes is of global concern, as these factors have cumulative effects on the environment and human health through food-chain contamination. The book discusses the utilization of algae, plants, plant-associated bacteria, fungi (endophytic or rhizospheric) and certain lower animals for the sustainable bioremediation of organic and inorganic pollutants. In addition, it explores a number of more recent techniques like biochar and biofilms for carbon sequestration, soil conditioning and remediation, and water remediation. It highlights a number of recent advances in nanobioremediation, an emerging technology based on biosynthetic nanoparticles. Lastly, it presents illustrative case studies and highlights the successful treatment of polluted soils by means of these strategies.

Radionuclide Contamination and Remediation Through Plants

Radionuclide Contamination and Remediation Through Plants
Author: Dharmendra Kumar Gupta,Clemens Walther
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2014-07-14
ISBN 10: 3319076655
ISBN 13: 9783319076652
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radionuclide Contamination and Remediation Through Plants Book Review:

This book focuses on the mechanistic (microscopic) understanding of radionuclide uptake by plants in contaminated soils and potential use of phytoremediation. The key features concern radionuclide toxicity in plants, how the radioactive materials are absorbed by plants, and how the plants cope with the toxic responses. The respective chapters examine soil classification, natural plant selection, speciation of actinides, kinetic modeling, and case studies on cesium uptake after radiation accidents. Radionuclide contaminants pose serious problems for biological systems, due to their chemical toxicity and radiological effects. The processes by which radionuclides can be incorporated into vegetation can either originate from activity interception by external plant surfaces (either directly from the atmosphere or from resuspended material), or through uptake of radionuclides via the root system. Subsequent transfer of toxic elements to the human food chain is a concrete danger. Therefore, the molecular mechanisms and genetic basis of transport into and within plants needs to be understood for two reasons: The effectiveness of radionuclide uptake into crop plants – so-called transfer coefficient – is a prerequisite for the calculation of dose due to the food path. On the other hand, efficient radionuclide transfer into plants can be made use of for decontamination of land – so-called phytoremediation, the direct use of living, green plants for in situ removal of pollutants from the environment or to reduce their concentrations to harmless levels.

Bioavailability of Organic Xenobiotics in the Environment

Bioavailability of Organic Xenobiotics in the Environment
Author: P. Baveye,J.-C. Block,V.V. Goncharuk
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 504
Release: 2013-03-14
ISBN 10: 9401592357
ISBN 13: 9789401592352
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioavailability of Organic Xenobiotics in the Environment Book Review:

In the continuing fight against organic environmental xenobiotics, the initial success attributed to bioremediation has paled, in part due to the low availability of xenobiotics entrapped within a soil or sediment matrix. This has generated a very significant wave of interest in the bioavailability issue. However, much experimental evidence is puzzling or contradictory, mechanistic theories are embryonic, and implications for the practice of bioremediation or concerning the natural fate of xenobiotics are still tentative. The debate in Europe and the USA is vigorous. Eastern Europe, following the liberalisation of the economy and political life, is evolving in a similar direction. In many cases, however, limited access to literature sources, severe language barriers, and the lack of a strong pluridisciplinary tradition are hampering the adoption of state of the art techniques. Originally intended to allow scientists in East European countries to become acquainted with the key aspects of the bioavailability debate that is unfolding in the scientific literature in the West, and with its implications for bioremediation efforts, the present book presents a very complete coverage of the theoretical and practical aspects of the (limited) bioavailability of organic xenobiotics in the environment.

Soil Contamination

Soil Contamination
Author: Marcelo Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2016-12-21
ISBN 10: 9535128159
ISBN 13: 9789535128151
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soil Contamination Book Review:

This edited book, Soil Contamination - Current Consequences and Further Solutions, is intended to provide an overview on the different environmental consequences of our anthropogenic activities, which has introduced a large number of xenobiotics that the soil cannot, or can only slower, decompose or degrade. We hope that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in diverse fields with expertise in soil science, health, toxicology, and other disciplines who contribute and share their findings to take this area forward for future investigations.

Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria s PGPRS Enzyme Dynamics in Soil Remediation

Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria s  PGPRS  Enzyme Dynamics in Soil Remediation
Author: Metin Turan
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2016
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1154201056
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria s PGPRS Enzyme Dynamics in Soil Remediation Book Review:

Soil is the basis of agriculture and consists of organic matters, minerals, water, and several gasses. All plants require soil both as an anchor to attach and as water and nutrient source. Unfortunately, lifestyles of humans, industrial progress, chemicals used in agriculture contaminate soil and cause soil pollution. A pollutant may be natural or human-made in origin such as petroleum hydrocarbons, pesticides, heavy metals, and solvents. Since the quality of the soil affects the growth and product yield of plants, soil pollution is a crucial problem needs to be addressed urgently. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are microorganisms living in soil, on the plants roots, or inside the plant. PGPRs synthesize chemicals to stimulate plant growth and promote nutrient uptake, help degrading soil pollutants and fending off pathogens. While some pollutants can be degraded by enzymes produced by bacteria and fungi, degradation of heavy metals requires alternative methods. In this chapter, three enzymes produced by PGPRs are reviewed briefly. Aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate (ACC) deaminase is responsible of lowering the ethylene levels of plants during stress conditions, whereas nitrogenase is responsible for N2 reduction to NH3. Moreover, phytase enables the degradation of phytate which is a main storage form of phosphate in plants.

Trace Elements in Soils and Plants Fourth Edition

Trace Elements in Soils and Plants  Fourth Edition
Author: Alina Kabata-Pendias
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 548
Release: 2010-10-18
ISBN 10: 9781420093681
ISBN 13: 1420093681
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trace Elements in Soils and Plants Fourth Edition Book Review:

Still the Gold Standard Resource on Trace Elements and Metals in Soils This highly anticipated fourth edition of the bestselling Trace Elements in Soils and Plants reflects the explosion of research during the past decade regarding the presence and actions of trace elements in the soil-plant environment. The book provides information on the biogeochemistry of these elements and explores how they affect food quality. Incorporating data from over 1500 new resources, this edition includes the most up-to-date information on the relationship of trace elements to topics such as: Soil natural/background contents Sorption/desorption processes Anthropogenic impact and soil phytoremediation Phytoavailability and functions in plants Contents of food plants The book discusses the assessment of the natural/background content of trace elements in soil, bioindication of the chemical status of environmental compartments, soil remediation, and hyperaccumulation and phytoextraction of trace metals from the soil. The table of contents reflects the IUPAC’s recommendation for numbering element groups, giving the new edition an updated organizational flow. Trace Elements in Soils and Plants, Fourth Edition illustrates why trace elements’ behavior in soil controls their transfer in the food chain, making this book an invaluable reference for agronomists, soil and plant scientists, nutritionists, and geochemists.

Phytoremediation of Contaminated Soil and Water

Phytoremediation of Contaminated Soil and Water
Author: Norman Terry,Gary S. Banuelos
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2020-11-25
ISBN 10: 1439822654
ISBN 13: 9781439822654
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phytoremediation of Contaminated Soil and Water Book Review:

Phytoremediation is an exciting, new technology that utilizes metal-accumulating plants to rid soil of heavy metal and radionuclides. Hyperaccumulation plants are an appealing and economical alternative to current methods of soil recovery. Phytoremediation of Contaminated Soil and Water is the most thorough literary examination of the subject available today. The successful implementation of phytoremediation depends on identifying plant material that is well adapted to specific toxic sites. Gentle remediation is then applied in situ, or at the contamination site. No soil excavation or transport is necessary. This severely contains the potential risk of the pollutants entering the food chain. And it's cost effective. The progress of modern man has created many sites contaminated with heavy metals. The effected land is toxic to plants and animals , which creates considerable public interest in remediation. But the commonly used remedies are ex situ, which poses an expensive dilemma and an even greater threat. Phytoremediation offers the prospect of a cheaper and healthier way to deal with this problem. Read Phytoremediation of Contaminated Soil and Water to learn just how far this burgeoning technology has developed.

Plants Pollutants and Remediation

Plants  Pollutants and Remediation
Author: Münir Öztürk,Muhammad Ashraf,Ahmet Aksoy,M. S. A. Ahmad,Khalid Rehman Hakeem
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2016-01-12
ISBN 10: 9401771944
ISBN 13: 9789401771948
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plants Pollutants and Remediation Book Review:

In the era of current industrial and civil development, everyone is expressing a deep concern about the problem of environmental pollution. The majority of the global community has a vested interest in supporting and sustaining any move for the protection of environment. In the greater part of the last century it was the fast pace of industrialization, galloping demand for energy and reckless exploitation of natural resources that were mainly responsible for creating the problem of environmental pollution. In the current scenario, high illiteracy rates of the developing nations leads to increasing environmental pollution. When it comes to the hazards of environmental pollution, there is only a very thin dividing line between different countries. One pollutes and the other suffers-there are no eventual winners without significant changes globally. Pollution is posing serious threats to all kinds of diversities on earth in particular plants. The plant world is of vital importance for our planet. It is a worldwide priority aimed at better meeting the needs for food, livelihoods and nature. To meet the food demand of fast-growing population, global food production will have to be doubled. The sustainability of food production depends on the sustainability of plant resources and using tolerant varieties to augment food production. This volume therefore covers discussions on the recent developments in this connection and the emerging role of plants as indicators, remediation, and such related issues as biodiversity conservation and the effects of on edible plants. It reviews issues concerning the future of plant life. Taking cognizance of this, several experts from different parts of the globe have contributed from their experience and knowledge to the critical issues of "Environmental Pollution," and the "Role of Plants in this connection”.

Nanomaterials for Soil Remediation

Nanomaterials for Soil Remediation
Author: Abdeltif Amrane,Dinesh Mohan,Tuan Anh Nguyen,Aymen Amine Assadi,Ghulam Yasin
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 590
Release: 2020-11-29
ISBN 10: 0128230827
ISBN 13: 9780128230824
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanomaterials for Soil Remediation Book Review:

Nanomaterials for Soil Remediation provides a comprehensive description on basic knowledge and current research progress in the field of soil treatment using nanomaterials. Soil pollution refers to the presence of toxic chemicals in soil. Compared with air and water remediations, soil remediation is technically more challenging due to its complex composition. The synergy between engineering and nanotechnology has resulted in rapid developments in soil remediation. Nanomaterials could offer new routes to address challenging and pressing issues facing soil pollution. This book aims to explore how nanomaterials are used to cleanse polluted soils (organic compounds and heavy metal-contaminated soils) through various nanomaterials-based techniques (chemical/physical/biological techniques and their integrations). Highlights how nanotechnology is being used to more accurately measure soil pollution levels Discusses how the properties of nanomaterials are being used to make more efficient soil remediation techniques and products Assesses the practical and regulatory challenges of using different nanomaterial-based products for soil repair

Plant Based Remediation Processes

Plant Based Remediation Processes
Author: Dharmendra Kumar Gupta
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 299
Release: 2013-03-12
ISBN 10: 3642355641
ISBN 13: 9783642355646
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plant Based Remediation Processes Book Review:

Phytoremediation is an emerging technology that employs higher plants for the clean-up of contaminated environments. Basic and applied research have unequivocally demonstrated that selected plant species possess the genetic potential to accumulate, degrade, metabolize and immobilize a wide range of contaminants. The main focus of this volume is on the recent advances of technologies using green plants for remediation of various metals and metalloids. Topics include biomonitoring of heavy metal pollution, amendments of higher uptake of toxic metals, transport of heavy metals in plants, and toxicity mechanisms. Further chapters discuss agro-technological methods for minimizing pollution while improving soil quality, transgenic approaches to heavy metal remediation and present protocols for metal remediation via in vitro root cultures.

Phytoremediation

Phytoremediation
Author: Steven C. McCutcheon,Jerald L. Schnoor
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 1024
Release: 2004-04-05
ISBN 10: 9780471459323
ISBN 13: 0471459321
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phytoremediation Book Review:

Phytormediation is an exciting new method for controlling and cleaning up hazardous wastes using green plants. This book is the first to compile the state of the science and engineering arts in this rapidly advancing field. Phytormediation: - Approaches the subject from the perspectives of biochemistry, genetics, toxicology, and pathway analysis. - Is written by two of the premier experts in the field.

Plant Responses to Soil Pollution

Plant Responses to Soil Pollution
Author: Pratibha Singh
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 9811549648
ISBN 13: 9789811549649
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plant Responses to Soil Pollution Book Review:

Biomass for Sustainable Applications

Biomass for Sustainable Applications
Author: Sarra Gaspard,Mohamed Chaker Ncibi
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 430
Release: 2013-12-05
ISBN 10: 1849737142
ISBN 13: 9781849737142
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass for Sustainable Applications Book Review:

Sustainable sources of energy and a supply of good quality water are two major challenges facing modern societies across the globe. Biomass from cultivated plants may be used to generate energy, but at the cost of contaminated surface waters from pesticide and fertiliser use. This two-volume set examines the potential use of biomass as both a source of sustainable energy and a resource to tackle contaminated soils and wastewaters. Consideration is given to non-food crops, bacteria ,and fungi as sources of biomass and the book enables the reader to identify the best local bioresources according to the desired application. With contributions from across the globe, this is an essential guide to meeting the demand for energy and pollution remediation by exploiting local and renewable resources. The example scenarios given may inspire policy makers and local officers, while chemical engineers and environmental scientists in both academia and industry will benefit from the comprehensive review of current thinking and application.