Small Molecule Drug Discovery

Small Molecule Drug Discovery
Author: Andrea Trabocchi,Elena Lenci
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2019-11-23
ISBN 10: 0128183500
ISBN 13: 9780128183502
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Small Molecule Drug Discovery Book Review:

Small Molecule Drug Discovery: Methods, Molecules and Applications presents the methods used to identify bioactive small molecules, synthetic strategies and techniques to produce novel chemical entities and small molecule libraries, chemoinformatics to characterize and enumerate chemical libraries, and screening methods, including biophysical techniques, virtual screening and phenotypic screening. The second part of the book gives an overview of privileged cyclic small molecules and major classes of natural product-derived small molecules, including carbohydrate-derived compounds, peptides and peptidomimetics, and alkaloid-inspired compounds. The last section comprises an exciting collection of selected case studies on drug discovery enabled by small molecules in the fields of cancer research, CNS diseases and infectious diseases. The discovery of novel molecular entities capable of specific interactions represents a significant challenge in early drug discovery. Small molecules are low molecular weight organic compounds that include natural products and metabolites, as well as drugs and other xenobiotics. When the biological target is well defined and understood, the rational design of small molecule ligands is possible. Alternatively, small molecule libraries are being used for unbiased assays for complex diseases where a target is unknown or multiple factors contribute to a disease pathology. Outlines modern concepts and synthetic strategies underlying the building of small molecules and their chemical libraries useful for drug discovery Provides modern biophysical methods to screening small molecule libraries, including high-throughput screening, small molecule microarrays, phenotypic screening and chemical genetics Presents the most advanced chemoinformatics tools to characterize the structural features of small molecule libraries in terms of chemical diversity and complexity, also including the application of virtual screening approaches Gives an overview of structural features and classification of natural product-derived small molecules, including carbohydrate derivatives, peptides and peptidomimetics, and alkaloid-inspired small molecules

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development
Author: C. Robin Ganellin,Roy Jefferis,Stanley M. Roberts
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2013-05-07
ISBN 10: 0123977703
ISBN 13: 9780123977700
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development Book Review:

Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development provides, for the first time, an introduction to the science behind successful pharmaceutical research and development programs. The book explains basic principles, then compares and contrasts approaches to both biopharmaceuticals (proteins) and small molecule drugs, presenting an overview of the business and management issues of these approaches. The latter part of the book provides carefully selected real-life case studies illustrating how the theory presented in the first part of the book is actually put into practice. Studies include Herceptin/T-DM1, erythropoietin (Epogen/Eprex/NeoRecormon), anti-HIV protease inhibitor Darunavir, and more. Introduction to Biological and Small Molecule Drug Research and Development is intended for late-stage undergraduates or postgraduates studying chemistry (at the biology interface), biochemistry, medicine, pharmacy, medicine, or allied subjects. The book is also useful in a wide variety of science degree courses, in post-graduate taught material (Masters and PhD), and as basic background reading for scientists in the pharmaceutical industry. For the first time, the fundamental scientific principles of biopharmaceuticals and small molecule chemotherapeutics are discussed side-by-side at a basic level Edited by three senior scientists with over 100 years of experience in drug research who have compiled the best scientific comparison of small molecule and biopharmaceuticals approaches to new drugs Illustrated with key examples of important drugs that exemplify the basic principles of pharmaceutical drug research and development

Small Molecule Medicinal Chemistry

Small Molecule Medicinal Chemistry
Author: Werngard Czechtizky,Peter Hamley
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2015-11-02
ISBN 10: 1118771605
ISBN 13: 9781118771600
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Small Molecule Medicinal Chemistry Book Review:

Stressing strategic and technological solutions to medicinal chemistry challenges, this book presents methods and practices for optimizing the chemical aspects of drug discovery. Chapters discuss benefits, challenges, case studies, and industry perspectives for improving drug discovery programs with respect to quality and costs. • Focuses on small molecules and their critical role in medicinal chemistry, reviewing chemical and economic advantages, challenges, and trends in the field from industry perspectives • Discusses novel approaches and key topics, like screening collection enhancement, risk sharing, HTS triage, new lead finding approaches, diversity-oriented synthesis, peptidomimetics, natural products, and high throughput medicinal chemistry approaches • Explains how to reduce design-make-test cycle times by integrating medicinal chemistry, physical chemistry, and ADME profiling techniques • Includes descriptive case studies, examples, and applications to illustrate new technologies and provide step-by-step explanations to enable them in a laboratory setting

Small Molecule Therapy for Genetic Disease

Small Molecule Therapy for Genetic Disease
Author: Jess G. Thoene
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2010-08-23
ISBN 10: 1139490761
ISBN 13: 9781139490764
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Small Molecule Therapy for Genetic Disease Book Review:

Thoene summarises the substantial work that has been accomplished in the treatment of inborn errors of metabolism with simple molecules. This handbook will enable interested clinician scientists to rapidly survey the field, thus ascertaining what has been done as well as future directions for therapeutic research. Its important introductory chapters discuss the infrastructure of the field. The book closely analyses the cofactors used to augment the function of defective enzymes and the compounds that are able to utilise an alternative pathway in order to avoid the consequences of the metabolic block present in the patient. Among other therapies, the authors discuss the use of zinc and tetrathiomolybdate to treat Wilson's disease and the use of cysteamine to treat nephropathic cystinosis.

Essential Metals in Medicine Therapeutic Use and Toxicity of Metal Ions in the Clinic

Essential Metals in Medicine  Therapeutic Use and Toxicity of Metal Ions in the Clinic
Author: Peggy L. Carver
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 455
Release: 2019-01-14
ISBN 10: 3110526980
ISBN 13: 9783110526981
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essential Metals in Medicine Therapeutic Use and Toxicity of Metal Ions in the Clinic Book Review:

Volume 19, entitled Essential Metals in Medicine: Therapeutic Use and Toxicity of Metal Ions in the Clinic of the series Metal Ions in Life Sciences centers on the role of metal ions in clinical medicine. Metal ions are tightly regulated in human health: while essential to life, they can be toxic as well. Following an introductory chapter briefly discussing several important metal-related drugs and diseases and a chapter about drug development, the focus is fi rst on iron: its essentiality for pathogens and humans as well as its toxicity. Chelation therapy is addressed in the context of thalassemia, its relationship to neurodegenerative diseases and also the risks connected with iron administration are pointed out. A subject of intense debate is the essentiality of chromium and vanadium. For example, chromium(III) compounds are taken as a nutritional supplement by athletes and bodybuilders; in contrast, chromate, Cr(VI), is toxic and a carcinogen for humans. The benefi cial and toxic effects of manganese, cobalt, and copper on humans are discussed. The need for antiparasitic agents is emphasized as well as the clinical aspects of metal-containing antidotes for cyanide poisoning. In addition to the essential and possibly essential ones, also other metal ions play important roles in human health, causing harm (like the metalloid arsenic, lead or cadmium) or being used in diagnosis or treatment of human diseases, like gadolinium, gallium, lithium, gold, silver or platinum. The impact of this vibrant research area on metals in the clinic is provided in 14 stimulating chapters, written by internationally recognized experts from the Americas, Europe and China, and is manifested by approximately 2000 references, and about 90 illustrations and tables. Essential Metals in Medicine: Therapeutic Use and Toxicity of Metal Ions in the Clinic is an essential resource for scientists working in the wide range from pharmacology, enzymology, material sciences, analytical, organic, and inorganic biochemistry all the way through to medicine ... not forgetting that it also provides excellent information for teaching.

Encyclopedia of Cancer

Encyclopedia of Cancer
Author: Manfred Schwab
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 3235
Release: 2008-09-23
ISBN 10: 3540368477
ISBN 13: 9783540368472
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Cancer Book Review:

This comprehensive encyclopedic reference provides rapid access to focused information on topics of cancer research for clinicians, research scientists and advanced students. Given the overwhelming success of the first edition, which appeared in 2001, and fast development in the different fields of cancer research, it has been decided to publish a second fully revised and expanded edition. With an A-Z format of over 7,000 entries, more than 1,000 contributing authors provide a complete reference to cancer. The merging of different basic and clinical scientific disciplines towards the common goal of fighting cancer makes such a comprehensive reference source all the more timely.

Engineering the Microbial Platform for the Production of Biologics and Small Molecule Medicines

Engineering the Microbial Platform for the Production of Biologics and Small Molecule Medicines
Author: Dipesh Dhakal,Eung-Soo Kim,Mattheos Koffas
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2019-12-23
ISBN 10: 2889632539
ISBN 13: 9782889632534
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Engineering the Microbial Platform for the Production of Biologics and Small Molecule Medicines Book Review:

Structural Biology in Drug Discovery

Structural Biology in Drug Discovery
Author: Jean-Paul Renaud
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2020-01-09
ISBN 10: 1118900502
ISBN 13: 9781118900505
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structural Biology in Drug Discovery Book Review:

With the most comprehensive and up-to-date overview of structure-based drug discovery covering both experimental and computational approaches, Structural Biology in Drug Discovery: Methods, Techniques, and Practices describes principles, methods, applications, and emerging paradigms of structural biology as a tool for more efficient drug development. Coverage includes successful examples, academic and industry insights, novel concepts, and advances in a rapidly evolving field. The combined chapters, by authors writing from the frontlines of structural biology and drug discovery, give readers a valuable reference and resource that: Presents the benefits, limitations, and potentiality of major techniques in the field such as X-ray crystallography, NMR, neutron crystallography, cryo-EM, mass spectrometry and other biophysical techniques, and computational structural biology Includes detailed chapters on druggability, allostery, complementary use of thermodynamic and kinetic information, and powerful approaches such as structural chemogenomics and fragment-based drug design Emphasizes the need for the in-depth biophysical characterization of protein targets as well as of therapeutic proteins, and for a thorough quality assessment of experimental structures Illustrates advances in the field of established therapeutic targets like kinases, serine proteinases, GPCRs, and epigenetic proteins, and of more challenging ones like protein-protein interactions and intrinsically disordered proteins

Protein Degradation with New Chemical Modalities

Protein Degradation with New Chemical Modalities
Author: Hilmar Weinmann,Craig Crews
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 359
Release: 2020-10-07
ISBN 10: 1839160772
ISBN 13: 9781839160776
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Protein Degradation with New Chemical Modalities Book Review:

Targeting protein degradation using small molecules is one of the most exciting small-molecule therapeutic strategies in decades and a rapidly growing area of research. In particular, the development of proteolysis targeting chimera (PROTACs) as potential drugs capable of recruiting target proteins to the cellular quality control machinery for elimination has opened new avenues to address traditionally ‘difficult to target’ proteins. This book provides a comprehensive overview from the leading academic and industrial experts on recent developments, scope and limitations in this dynamically growing research area; an ideal reference work for researchers in drug discovery and chemical biology as well as advanced students.

Epi Informatics

Epi Informatics
Author: Jose Medina-Franco
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2016-02-24
ISBN 10: 0128028092
ISBN 13: 9780128028094
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epi Informatics Book Review:

Epi-Informatics: Discovery and Development of Small Molecule Epigenetic Drugs and Probes features multidisciplinary strategies with strong computational approaches that have led to the successful discovery and/or optimization of compounds that act as modulators of epigenetic targets. This book is intended for all those using or wanting to learn more about computational methodologies in epigenetic drug discovery, including molecular modelers, informaticians, pharmaceutical scientists, and medicinal chemists. With a better understanding of different molecular modeling and cheminformatic approaches, readers can incorporate these techniques into their own drug discovery projects that may involve chemical synthesis and medium- or high-throughput screening. In addition, this book highlights the significance of epigenetic targets to the public health for molecular modelers and chemoinformatians. The goal of this reference is to stimulate ongoing multidisciplinary research and to further improve current computational methodologies and workflows in order to accelerate the discovery and development of epi-drugs and epi-probes. Focuses on the discovery of epi-drugs as candidates to be used in therapy including combined therapies Describes new computational methodologies and screening assays utilizing recent and emerging novel structural data Highlights the discovery, development and optimization of epi-probes, which are molecular probes that elucidate epigenetic mechanisms Includes important topics such as computational-guided optimization of epi-hits, virtual screening to identify novel compounds for epigenetic targets, development and mining of epigenetic molecular databases, SAR modeling of screening data and much more

Drug Discovery and Development

Drug Discovery and Development
Author: Omboon Vallisuta,Suleiman Olimat
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 330
Release: 2015-06-03
ISBN 10: 9535121286
ISBN 13: 9789535121282
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Drug Discovery and Development Book Review:

It is very important for scientists all over the globe to enhance drug discovery research for better human health. This book demonstrates that various expertise are essential for drug discovery including synthetic or natural drugs, clinical pharmacology, receptor identification, drug metabolism, pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic research. The following 5 sections cover diverse chapter topics in drug discovery: Natural Products as Sources of Leading Molecules in Drug Discovery; Oncology and Drug Discovery; Receptors Involvement in Drug Discovery; Management and Development of Drugs against Infectious Diseases; Advanced Methodology.

The Use of Antibodies in Small Molecule Drug Discovery

The Use of Antibodies in Small Molecule Drug Discovery
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2014
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1051379180
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Use of Antibodies in Small Molecule Drug Discovery Book Review:

Antibodies are powerful research tools that can be used in many areas of biology to probe, measure, and perturb various biological structures. Successful drug discovery is dependent on the correct identification of a target implicated in disease, coupled with the successful selection, optimization, and development of a candidate drug. Because of their specific binding characteristics, with regard to specificity, affinity, and avidity, coupled with their amenability to protein engineering, antibodies have become a key tool in drug discovery, enabling the quantification, localization, and modulation of proteins of interest. This review summarizes the application of antibodies and other protein affinity reagents as specific research tools within the drug discovery process.

New Therapeutic Strategies for Type 2 Diabetes

New Therapeutic Strategies for Type 2 Diabetes
Author: Rob M Jones
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 466
Release: 2012-09-30
ISBN 10: 1849735328
ISBN 13: 9781849735322
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Therapeutic Strategies for Type 2 Diabetes Book Review:

The diabetes mellitus epidemic is unfolding across the globe with the World Health Organization (WHO) reporting a worldwide prevalence of 177 million patients with diabetes. Type 2 diabetes accounts for approximately ninety percent of all diabetes cases. Long-term complications of type 2 diabetes include atherosclerosis, heart disease, stroke, end-stage renal disease, retinopathy leading to blindness, nerve damage, sexual dysfunction, frequent infections, and difficult-to-treat foot ulcers, sometimes resulting in lower limb amputation. Diabetics are twice as likely to develop cardiovascular disease or have a stroke, two to six times more likely to have transient ischemic attacks, and fifteen to forty times more likely to require lower-limb amputation compared with the general population. In 2002, the total economic cost of diabetes was estimated to be $132 billion accounting for one in every ten health care dollars spent in the United States. As a direct consequence of this economic impact and in light of the fact that current approved therapies fail to provide adequate therapeutic advantage in preventing hyperglycemia, industry has been heavily focused on addressing new fundamental cellular mechanisms that will potentially address this unmet need. New Therapeutic Strategies for Type 2 Diabetes provides the reader with the most comprehensive survey to-date of the most innovative small molecule research strategies targeted at treating the burgeoning type 2 diabetes epidemic. Each chapter is written by a recognised thought-leader in this field. The book will be an invaluable reference for researchers and medicinal chemists that concisely explains the biological mechanisms underpinning each cutting-edge therapeutic strategy along with key medicinal chemistry rationales and up-to- date clinical findings.

Successful Drug Discovery

Successful Drug Discovery
Author: János Fischer,Wayne E. Childers
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2016-11-04
ISBN 10: 3527800344
ISBN 13: 9783527800346
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Successful Drug Discovery Book Review:

Retaining the successful approach found in the previous volume in this series, the inventors and primary developers of drugs that successfully made it to market tell the story of the drug's discovery and development and relate the often twisted route from the first candidate molecule to the final marketed drug. 11 selected case studies describe recently introduced drugs that have not been previously covered in textbooks or general references. These range across six different therapeutic fields and provide a representative cross-section of the current drug development efforts. Backed by copious data and chemical information, the insight and experience of the contributors makes this one of the most useful training manuals that a junior medicinal chemist can hope to find and has won the support and endorsement of IUPAC.

Natural Small Molecule Drugs from Plants

Natural Small Molecule Drugs from Plants
Author: Guan-Hua Du
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 741
Release: 2018-11-19
ISBN 10: 9811080224
ISBN 13: 9789811080227
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Natural Small Molecule Drugs from Plants Book Review:

This book discusses 120 types of natural, small-molecule drugs derived from plants. They are grouped into 7 parts according their clinical uses, such as drugs for cardiovascular diseases, for metabolic diseases, for neuropsychiatric diseases, for immune-mediated inflammatory diseases, anti-tumor drugs, and drugs for parasites and bacterial infection. Each chapter systematically summarizes one drug, including its physicochemical properties, sources, pharmacological effects and clinical applications. To help readers understand the drug better, the research and pharmacological activity for each drug is also described, which serves as a salutary lesson for future drug development. Written by frontline researchers, teachers and clinicians working in field of pharmacy and pharmacology it provides an overview of natural, small-molecule drugs derived from plants for researchers in the field.

Biophysical Techniques in Drug Discovery

Biophysical Techniques in Drug Discovery
Author: Angeles Canales
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2017-11-14
ISBN 10: 1788012860
ISBN 13: 9781788012867
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biophysical Techniques in Drug Discovery Book Review:

Biophysical techniques are used in many key stages of the drug discovery process including in screening for new receptor ligands, in characterising drug mechanisms, and in validating data from biochemical and cellular assays. This book provides an overview of the biophysical methods applied in drug discovery today, including traditional techniques and newer developments. Perspectives from academia and industry across a spectrum of techniques are brought together in a single volume. Small and biotherapeutic approaches are covered and strengths and limitations of each technique are presented. Case studies illustrate the application of each technique in real applied examples. Finally, the book covers recent developments in areas such as electron microscopy with discussions of their possible impact on future drug discovery. This is a go-to volume for biophysicists, analytical chemists and medicinal chemists providing a broad overview of techniques of contemporary interest in drug discovery.

Physico Chemical and Computational Approaches to Drug Discovery

Physico Chemical and Computational Approaches to Drug Discovery
Author: F. Javier Luque,Xavier Barril
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 418
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 1849733538
ISBN 13: 9781849733533
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physico Chemical and Computational Approaches to Drug Discovery Book Review:

Provides an updated view of the current challenges faced by computational tools to decipher the basis of ligand-receptor interaction and modeling of biomolecular systems and drug discovery.

Small Molecule Transcription Factor Inhibitors in Oncology

Small Molecule Transcription Factor Inhibitors in Oncology
Author: Khondaker Miraz Rahman,David E. Thurston
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2017-10-18
ISBN 10: 1782621458
ISBN 13: 9781782621454
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Small Molecule Transcription Factor Inhibitors in Oncology Book Review:

Oncogenic transcription factors are an increasingly important target for anticancer therapies. Inhibiting these transcription factors could allow tumour cells to be "reprogrammed", leading to apoptosis or differentiation from the malignant phenotype. As the use of kinase inhibitors is gradually declining, transcription factor inhibition is the next hot topic for oncology research and merits much attention. This book highlights recent progress in the development of small-molecule inhibitors of oncogenic transcription factors. It also presents the evidence that this important protein class can be modulated in a number of ways to develop novel classes of therapeutic agents. The broad range of aspects covered by the book is noteworthy and renders it enormously valuable. This title serves as a unique reference book for postgraduates, academic researchers and practitioners working in the fields of biochemistry, biotechnology, cell and molecular biology and bio-inorganic chemistry.

Improving and Accelerating Therapeutic Development for Nervous System Disorders

Improving and Accelerating Therapeutic Development for Nervous System Disorders
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 118
Release: 2014-02-06
ISBN 10: 0309292492
ISBN 13: 9780309292498
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Improving and Accelerating Therapeutic Development for Nervous System Disorders Book Review:

Improving and Accelerating Therapeutic Development for Nervous System Disorders is the summary of a workshop convened by the IOM Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders to examine opportunities to accelerate early phases of drug development for nervous system drug discovery. Workshop participants discussed challenges in neuroscience research for enabling faster entry of potential treatments into first-in-human trials, explored how new and emerging tools and technologies may improve the efficiency of research, and considered mechanisms to facilitate a more effective and efficient development pipeline. There are several challenges to the current drug development pipeline for nervous system disorders. The fundamental etiology and pathophysiology of many nervous system disorders are unknown and the brain is inaccessible to study, making it difficult to develop accurate models. Patient heterogeneity is high, disease pathology can occur years to decades before becoming clinically apparent, and diagnostic and treatment biomarkers are lacking. In addition, the lack of validated targets, limitations related to the predictive validity of animal models - the extent to which the model predicts clinical efficacy - and regulatory barriers can also impede translation and drug development for nervous system disorders. Improving and Accelerating Therapeutic Development for Nervous System Disorders identifies avenues for moving directly from cellular models to human trials, minimizing the need for animal models to test efficacy, and discusses the potential benefits and risks of such an approach. This report is a timely discussion of opportunities to improve early drug development with a focus toward preclinical trials.

Hydrogen Exchange Mass Spectrometry of Proteins

Hydrogen Exchange Mass Spectrometry of Proteins
Author: David D. Weis
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2016-03-21
ISBN 10: 1118616499
ISBN 13: 9781118616499
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hydrogen Exchange Mass Spectrometry of Proteins Book Review:

Hydrogen exchange mass spectrometry is widely recognized for its ability to probe the structure and dynamics of proteins. The application of this technique is becoming widespread due to its versatility for providing structural information about challenging biological macromolecules such as antibodies, flexible proteins and glycoproteins. Although the technique has been around for 25 years, this is the first definitive book devoted entirely to the topic. Hydrogen Exchange Mass Spectrometry of Proteins: Fundamentals, Methods and Applications brings into one comprehensive volume the theory, instrumentation and applications of Hydrogen Exchange Mass Spectrometry (HX-MS) - a technique relevant to bioanalytical chemistry, protein science and pharmaceuticals. The book provides a solid foundation in the basics of the technique and data interpretation to inform readers of current research in the method, and provides illustrative examples of its use in bio- and pharmaceutical chemistry and biophysics In-depth chapters on the fundamental theory of hydrogen exchange, and tutorial chapters on measurement and data analysis provide the essential background for those ready to adopt HX-MS. Expert users may advance their current understanding through chapters on methods including membrane protein analysis, alternative proteases, millisecond hydrogen exchange, top-down mass spectrometry, histidine exchange and method validation. All readers can explore the diversity of HX-MS applications in areas such as ligand binding, membrane proteins, drug discovery, therapeutic protein formulation, biocomparability, and intrinsically disordered proteins.