Targeted Genome Editing Using Site Specific Nucleases

Targeted Genome Editing Using Site Specific Nucleases
Author: Takashi Yamamoto
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 205
Release: 2015-01-05
ISBN 10: 4431552278
ISBN 13: 9784431552277
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Targeted Genome Editing Using Site Specific Nucleases Book Review:

This book serves as an introduction to targeted genome editing, beginning with the background of this rapidly developing field and methods for generation of engineered nucleases. Applications of genome editing tools are then described in detail, in iPS cells and diverse organisms such as mice, rats, marine invertebrates, fish, frogs, and plants. Tools that are mentioned include zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs), and CRISPR/Cas9, all of which have received much attention in recent years as breakthrough technologies. Genome editing with engineered nucleases allows us to precisely change the target genome of living cells and is a powerful way to control functional genes. It is feasible in almost all organisms ranging from bacteria to plants and animals, as well as in cultured cells such as ES and iPS cells. Various genome modifications have proven successful, including gene knockout and knock-in experiments with targeting vectors and chromosomal editing. Genome editing technologies hold great promise for the future, for example in biomedical research, clinical medicine, and generation of crops and livestock with desirable traits. A wide range of readers will find this book interesting, and with its focus on applications in a variety of organisms and cells, the book will be valuable for life scientists in all fields.

Epigenome Editing

Epigenome Editing
Author: Albert Jeltsch,Marianne G. Rots
Publsiher: Humana Press
Total Pages: 482
Release: 2018-03-10
ISBN 10: 9781493977734
ISBN 13: 1493977733
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenome Editing Book Review:

This detailed book explores the concepts and applications of epigenome editing, as presented by leading scientists in the field. Beginning with some general and topical reviews, the collection continues by covering the design of DNA-binding devices, optimization of the effector domains, readout of epigenome marks, and approaches for delivery at the cellular and organismal level. Written for the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Epigenome Editing: Methods and Protocols will be of great assistance to people new to the field but also to those already engaged, as epigenetic editing is still a relatively unexplored field with many issues to be resolved.

Epigenetics Methods

Epigenetics Methods
Author: Trygve Tollefsbol
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 736
Release: 2020-07-08
ISBN 10: 0128194154
ISBN 13: 9780128194157
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics Methods Book Review:

In recent years, the field of epigenetics has grown significantly, driving new understanding of human developmental processes and disease expression, as well as advances in diagnostics and therapeutics. As the field of epigenetics continues to grow, methods and technologies have multiplied, resulting in a wide range of approaches and tools researchers might employ. Epigenetics Methods offers comprehensive instruction in methods, protocols, and experimental approaches applied in field of epigenetics. Here, across thirty-five chapters, specialists offer step-by-step overviews of methods used to study various epigenetic mechanisms, as employed in basic and translational research. Leading the reader from fundamental to more advanced methods, the book begins with thorough instruction in DNA methylation techniques and gene or locus-specific methylation analyses, followed by histone modification methods, chromatin evaluation, enzyme analyses of histone methylation, and studies of non-coding RNAs as epigenetic modulators. Recently developed techniques and technologies discussed include single-cell epigenomics, epigenetic editing, computational epigenetics, systems biology epigenetic methods, and forensic epigenetic approaches. Epigenetics methods currently in-development, and their implication for future research, are also considered in-depth. In addition, as with the wider life sciences, reproducibility across experiments, labs, and subdisciplines is a growing issue for epigenetics researchers. This volume provides consensus-driven methods instruction and overviews. Tollefsbol and contributing authors survey the range of existing methods; identify best practices, common themes, and challenges; and bring unity of approach to a diverse and ever-evolving field. Includes contributions by leading international investigators involved in epigenetic research and clinical and therapeutic application Integrates technology and translation with fundamental chapters on epigenetics methods, as well as chapters on more novel and advanced epigenetics methods Written at verbal and technical levels that can be understood by scientists and students alike Includes chapters on state-of-the-art techniques such as single-cell epigenomics, use of CRISPR/Cas9 for epigenetic editing, and epigenetics methods applied to forensics

Quantitative Genetics Genomics and Plant Breeding 2nd Edition

Quantitative Genetics  Genomics and Plant Breeding  2nd Edition
Author: Manjit S. Kang
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 431
Release: 2020-04-01
ISBN 10: 1789240212
ISBN 13: 9781789240214
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Quantitative Genetics Genomics and Plant Breeding 2nd Edition Book Review:

This book presents state-of-the-art, authoritative chapters on contemporary issues in the broad areas of quantitative genetics, genomics and plant breeding. Section 1 (Chapters 2 to 12) emphasizes the application of genomics, and genome and epigenome editing techniques, in plant breeding; bioinformatics; quantitative trait loci mapping; and the latest approaches of examining and exploiting genotype-environment interactions. Section 2 (Chapters 13 to 20) represents the intersection of breeding, genetics and genomics. This section describes the use of cutting-edge molecular breeding and quantitative genetics techniques in wheat, rice, maize, root and tuber crops and pearl millet. Overall, the book focuses on using genomic information to help evaluate traits that can combat biotic/abiotic stresses, genome-wide association mapping, high-throughput genotyping/phenotyping, biofortification, use of big data, orphan crops, and gene editing techniques. The examples featured are taken from across crop science research and cover a wide geographical base.

Neuroepigenomics in Aging and Disease

Neuroepigenomics in Aging and Disease
Author: Raul Delgado-Morales
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 525
Release: 2017-05-18
ISBN 10: 3319538896
ISBN 13: 9783319538891
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroepigenomics in Aging and Disease Book Review:

Epigenetic mechanisms (DNA modifications, histone alterations and non-coding RNAs) are crucial for transcriptional regulation and alterations of the “physiological epigenome” are increasingly associated with human diseases. During the last decade the emerging field of neuroepigenomics have started to impact tremendously in areas such learning and memory, addiction or neurodegeneration. This expert volume covers the role of epigenetic molecular mechanism in regulation of central nervous system’s function, one of the most exciting areas of contemporary molecular neuroscience. The book describes the current knowledge on the epigenetic basis of human disease covering the complete lifespan: from neurodevelopment/childhood (Rett Syndrome, Rubinstein-Taybi, autism), adolescence (eating disorders, drug addiction, anxiety), adulthood (depression, schizophrenia, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Huntington’s disease) and elderly (Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease). The book also covers the three major players on neuroepigenomic mechanisms: histones alterations, DNA modifications and non-coding RNAs, their roles at the molecular and cellular level and the impact of their alterations on neuronal function and behavior. Finally, a special chapter on state-of-the-art technologies helps the reader not only to understand epigenetic driven changes in human cognition and diseases but also the methodology that will help to generate paradigm shifts on our understanding of brain function and the role of the neuroepigenome in human diseases.

Genetics of Human Infertility

Genetics of Human Infertility
Author: P.H. Vogt
Publsiher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Total Pages: 178
Release: 2017-09-12
ISBN 10: 3318060984
ISBN 13: 9783318060980
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetics of Human Infertility Book Review:

Infertility affects more than one in ten couples worldwide and is related to highly heterogeneous pathologies sometimes only discernible in the germ line. Its complex etiology often, but not always, includes genetic factors besides anatomical defects, immunological interference, and environmental aspects. Nearly 30% of infertility cases are probably caused only by genetic defects. Thereby experimental animal knockout models convincingly show that infertility can be caused by single or multiple gene defects. Translating those basic research findings into clinical studies is challenging, leaving genetic causes for the vast majority of infertility patients unexplained. Nevertheless, a large number of candidate genes have been revealed by sophisticated molecular methods. This book provides a comprehensive overview on the subject of infertility written by the leading authorities in this field. It covers topics including basic biological, cytological, and molecular studies, as well as common and uncommon syndromes. It is a must-read for human geneticists, endocrinologists, epidemiologists, zoologists, and counsellors in human genetics, infertility, and assisted reproduction.

DNA Methyltransferases Role and Function

DNA Methyltransferases   Role and Function
Author: Albert Jeltsch,Renata Z. Jurkowska
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 535
Release: 2016-11-08
ISBN 10: 3319436244
ISBN 13: 9783319436241
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

DNA Methyltransferases Role and Function Book Review:

DNA methyltransferases are important enzymes in a broad range of organisms. Dysfunction of DNA methyltransferases in humans leads to many severe diseases, including cancer. This book focuses on the biochemical properties of these enzymes, describing their structures and mechanisms in bacteria, humans and other species, including plants, and also explains the biological processes of reading of DNA methylation and DNA demethylation. It covers many emerging aspects of the biological roles of DNA methylation functioning as an essential epigenetic mark and describes the role of DNA methylation in diseases. Moreover, the book explains modern technologies, like targeted rewriting of DNA methylation by designed DNA methyltransferases, as well as technological applications of DNA methyltransferases in DNA labelling. Finally, the book summarizes recent methods for the analysis of DNA methylation in human DNA. Overall, this book represents a comprehensive state-of-the-art- work and is a must-have for advanced researchers in the field of DNA methylation and epigenetics.

Reprogramming the Genome CRISPR Cas based Human Disease Therapy

Reprogramming the Genome  CRISPR Cas based Human Disease Therapy
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2021-09-01
ISBN 10: 0323853242
ISBN 13: 9780323853248
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reprogramming the Genome CRISPR Cas based Human Disease Therapy Book Review:

Reprogramming the Genome: CRISPR-Cas-based Human Disease Therapy, presents the collation of chapters written by eminent scientists worldwide. CRISPR-Cas9 is a key technology for targeted genome editing and regulation in a number of organisms including mammalian cells. It is a rapid, simple, and cost-effective solution. CRISPR-Cas system has recently gained much scientific and public attention. This volume covers CRISPR-Cas9 based mammalian genome editing, creating disease models, cancer therapy, neurological, heredity, blood disorders, defective gene correction, stem cells therapy, epigenetic modifications, patents, ethics, biosafety and regulatory issues challenges and opportunities. This book is a key source of information on mammalian genome editing available in a single volume. This book will be useful for beginners in mammalian genome editing and also students, researchers, scientists, policymakers, clinicians and stakeholders interested in genome editing in several areas. Offers basic understanding and a clear picture of mammalian genome editing through CRISPR-Cas systems Discusses how to create mammalian disease models, stem cell modification, epigenetic modifications, correction of defective gene in blood disorders, heredity, neurological disorders and many more Discusses the application of CRISPR-Cas9 systems in basic sciences, biomedicine, molecular biology, translational sciences, neurobiology, neurology, cancer, stem cells, and many more

Chromatin and Epigenetics

Chromatin and Epigenetics
Author: Colin Logie,Tobias Aurelius Knoch
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 294
Release: 2020-01-29
ISBN 10: 1789844924
ISBN 13: 9781789844924
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chromatin and Epigenetics Book Review:

Genomics has gathered broad public attention since Lamarck put forward his top-down hypothesis of 'motivated change' in 1809 in his famous book "Philosophie Zoologique" and even more so since Darwin published his famous bottom-up theory of natural selection in "The Origin of Species" in 1859. The public awareness culminated in the much anticipated race to decipher the sequence of the human genome in 2002. Over all those years, it has become apparent that genomic DNA is compacted into chromatin with a dedicated 3D higher-order organization and dynamics, and that on each structural level epigenetic modifications exist. The book "Chromatin and Epigenetics" addresses current issues in the fields of epigenetics and chromatin ranging from more theoretical overviews in the first four chapters to much more detailed methodologies and insights into diagnostics and treatments in the following chapters. The chapters illustrate in their depth and breadth that genetic information is stored on all structural and dynamical levels within the nucleus with corresponding modifications of functional relevance. Thus, only an integrative systems approach allows to understand, treat, and manipulate the holistic interplay of genotype and phenotype creating functional genomes. The book chapters therefore contribute to this general perspective, not only opening opportunities for a true universal view on genetic information but also being key for a general understanding of genomes, their function, as well as life and evolution in general.

Mechanisms of DNA Methylation Control and Epigenome Engineering

Mechanisms of DNA Methylation Control and Epigenome Engineering
Author: Wanlu Liu
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 221
Release: 2018
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1047732702
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mechanisms of DNA Methylation Control and Epigenome Engineering Book Review:

Cytosine DNA methylation is an evolutionarily conserved epigenetic mark that plays critical roles in diverse biological processes, including gene and transposon silencing and imprinting. In mammals, DNA methylation mostly occurs in the symmetric dinucleotide CG sites. In the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, DNA methylation frequently occurs at cytosine bases in all sequence contexts (CG, CHG and CHH, where H represents A, C or T). In Arabidopsis, de novo DNA methylation is established by a process known as RNA-directed DNA methylation (RdDM). RdDM in plants not only requires the upstream production of 24-nucleotide (nt) small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) and the downstream recruitment of de novo DNA methyltransferase DOMAINS REARRANGED METHYLTRANSFERASE 2 (DRM2), the production of RNA polymerase V (Pol V)-dependent intergenic non-coding (IGN) transcripts plays a crucial role likely in serving as scaffolds for siRNAs binding. Pol V is required for DNA methylation and gene silencing and has been shown to be transcriptionally active in vitro. However, the characteristics of Pol V transcripts is poorly understood probably due to its low abundance. In this dissertation, to better understand the features of Pol V transcripts in vivo, I will first describe the application of a technique modified from global nuclear run-on (GRO) assay to characterize nascent Pol V transcripts at genome-wide level. With this technique, we captured Pol V nascent transcripts and we uncovered a novel mechanism of ARGONAUTE4/6/9 (AGO4/6/9) dependent, small-RNA-guided co-transcriptional slicing of nascent Pol V transcripts. With the fast development of genome editing recent years, epigenetic modification including targeted DNA methylation and demethylation also becomes attractive for its capability of stably regulate gene expression. In order to develop site-specific and efficient tools for DNA methylation targeting, we tethered artificial zinc finger protein recognizing specific DNA sequence to various RdDM proteins (ZF-RdDM) in Arabidopsis. With this tool, we studied the hierarchy of action within RdDM pathway by testing their ability to target methylation in different mutant backgrounds. Also, at thousands of ZF-RdDM off target sites, we characterized the ectopic siRNAs production, Pol V recruitment and DNA methylation establishment and found that simultaneously recruiting both arms of the RdDM pathway, siRNA biogenesis and Pol V recruitment, dramatically enhanced targeted methylation. We then also developed a tool to target DNA demethylation in plants by fusing the catalytic domain of the human demethylase TEN-ELEVEN TRANSLOCATION1 (TET1cd) and an artificial zinc finger protein or CRISPR/dCas9 system. Finally, I will discuss DNA methylation landscape in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs). hESCs are morphologically and transcriptionally similar to stem cells derived from the mouse post-implantation epiblast. Thus, hESCs are typically considered to exhibit 'primed' pluripotency. Various culture conditions have been developed to promote maintenance and self-renewal of hypomethylated 'naive' hESCs. We have discovered that reverting primed hESCs to naive hESCs results in a Stage Specific Embryonic Antigen 4 (SSEA4)-negative population with a transcriptional program resembling the human pre-implantation epiblast. However, we also discovered that the methylation landscape of naive hESCs in vitro is distinct from human epiblast in vivo with a lost 'memory' of methylation state at primary imprints and human oocyte.

Molecular Breeding in Wheat Maize and Sorghum

Molecular Breeding in Wheat  Maize and Sorghum
Author: Mohammad Anwar Hossain,Mobashwer Alam,Saman Seneweera,Sujay Rakshit,Robert J. Henry
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 550
Release: 2021-06-30
ISBN 10: 1789245435
ISBN 13: 9781789245431
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Breeding in Wheat Maize and Sorghum Book Review:

The global population is projected to reach almost 10 billion by 2050, and food and feed production will need to increase by 70%. Wheat, maize and sorghum are three key cereals which provide nutrition for the majority of the world's population. Their production is affected by various abiotic stresses which cause significant yield losses. The effects of climate change also increase the frequency and severity of such abiotic stresses. Molecular breeding technologies offer real hope for improving crop yields. Although significant progress has been made over the last few years, there is still a need to bridge the large gap between yields in the most favorable and most stressful conditions.

Omics Technologies for Sustainable Agriculture and Global Food Security Volume 1

Omics Technologies for Sustainable Agriculture and Global Food Security Volume 1
Author: Anirudh Kumar
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 9811608318
ISBN 13: 9789811608315
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Omics Technologies for Sustainable Agriculture and Global Food Security Volume 1 Book Review:

CRISPR Cas Systems

CRISPR Cas Systems
Author: Rodolphe Barrangou,John van der Oost
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 302
Release: 2012-12-13
ISBN 10: 364234657X
ISBN 13: 9783642346576
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

CRISPR Cas Systems Book Review:

CRISPR/Cas is a recently described defense system that protects bacteria and archaea against invasion by mobile genetic elements such as viruses and plasmids. A wide spectrum of distinct CRISPR/Cas systems has been identified in at least half of the available prokaryotic genomes. On-going structural and functional analyses have resulted in a far greater insight into the functions and possible applications of these systems, although many secrets remain to be discovered. In this book, experts summarize the state of the art in this exciting field.

Hormonal Control of Important Agronomic Traits

Hormonal Control of Important Agronomic Traits
Author: Chi-Kuang Wen,Yunde Zhao,Yong-Ling Ruan
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2018-12-21
ISBN 10: 2889456862
ISBN 13: 9782889456864
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hormonal Control of Important Agronomic Traits Book Review:

One of the goals of plant science is to improve agricultural sustainability, increasing yield, food diversity, and nutrition, while minimizing the negative impact on our environment. In response to internal and external cues, plant hormones control various aspects of plant growth and development. The wealth of our knowledge on plant hormones shall greatly advance sustainable agriculture.

CRISPR and RNAi Systems

CRISPR and RNAi Systems
Author: Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam,Ki-Taek Lim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 840
Release: 2021-02-27
ISBN 10: 0128219114
ISBN 13: 9780128219119
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

CRISPR and RNAi Systems Book Review:

Plants are vulnerable to pathogens including fungi, bacteria, and viruses, which cause critical problems and deficits. Crop protection by plant breeding delivers a promising solution with no obvious effect on human health or the local ecosystem. Crop improvement has been the most powerful approach for producing unique crop cultivars since domestication occurred, making possible the main innovations in feeding the globe and community development. Genome editing is one of the genetic devices that can be implemented, and disease resistance is frequently cited as the most encouraging application of CRISPR/Cas9 technology in agriculture. Nanobiotechnology has harnessed the power of genome editing to develop agricultural crops. Nanosized DNA or RNA nanotechnology approaches could contribute to raising the stability and performance of CRISPR guide RNAs. This book brings together the latest research in these areas. CRISPR and RNAi Systems: Nanobiotechnology Approaches to Plant Breeding and Protection presents a complete understanding of the RNAi and CRISPR/Cas9 techniques for controlling mycotoxins, fighting plant nematodes, and detecting plant pathogens. CRISPR/Cas genome editing enables efficient targeted modification in most crops, thus promising to accelerate crop improvement. CRISPR/Cas9 can be used for management of plant insects, and various plant pathogens. The book is an important reference source for both plant scientists and environmental scientists who want to understand how nano biotechnologically based approaches are being used to create more efficient plant protection and plant breeding systems. Shows how nanotechnology is being used as the basis for new solutions for more efficient plant breeding and plant protection Outlines the major techniques and applications of both CRISPR and RNAi technologies Assesses the major challenges of escalating these technologies on a mass scale

Human Neural Stem Cells

Human Neural Stem Cells
Author: Leonora Buzanska
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2018-09-12
ISBN 10: 3319934856
ISBN 13: 9783319934853
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Neural Stem Cells Book Review:

This book summarizes early pioneering achievements in the field of human neural stem cell (hNSC) research and combines them with the latest advances in stem cell technology, including reprogramming and gene editing. The powerful potential of hNSC to generate and repair the developing and adult CNS has been confirmed by numerous experimental in vitro and in vivo studies. The book presents methods for hNSC derivation and discusses the mechanisms underlying NSC in vitro fate decisions and their in vivo therapeutic mode of action. The long-standing dogma that the human central nervous system (CNS) lacks the ability to regenerate was refuted at the end of the 20th century, when evidence of the presence of neurogenic zones in the adult human brain was found. These neurogenic zones are home to human neural stem cells (hNSCs), which are capable of self-renewing and differentiating into neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes. NSCs isolated from human CNS have a number of clinical advantages, especially the innate potential to differentiate into functional neural cells. Nevertheless, their full clinical exploitation has been hindered by limited access to the tissue and low expansion potential. The search for an alternative to CNS sources of autologous, therapeutically competent hNSCs was the driving force for the many studies proving the in vitro plasticity of different somatic stem cells to generate NSCs and their functional progeny. Now the era of induced pluripotent stem cells has opened entirely new opportunities to achieve research and therapeutic goals with the aid of hNSCs.

Toxicoepigenetics

Toxicoepigenetics
Author: Shaun D. McCullough,Dana Dolinoy
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2018-11-02
ISBN 10: 0128124342
ISBN 13: 9780128124345
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toxicoepigenetics Book Review:

Toxicoepigenetics: Core Principles and Applications examines the core aspects of epigenetics, including chromatin biology, DNA methylation, and non-coding RNA, as well as fundamental techniques and considerations for studying each of these mechanisms of epigenetic regulation. Although its integration into the field of toxicology is in its infancy, epigenetics have taken center stage in the study of diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and neurodegeneration. Increasing the presence of epigenetics in toxicological research allows for a more in-depth understanding of important aspects of toxicology such as the role of the environment and lifestyle influencing the individual susceptibility to these effects and the trans-generational transmission of these health effects and susceptibilities. Methods chapters are included to help improve efficacy and efficiency of protocols in both the laboratory and the classroom. Toxicoepigenetics: Core Principles and Applications is an essential book for researchers and academics using epigenetics in toxicology research and study. Introduces the fundamental principles and practices for understanding the role of the epigenome in toxicology Presents the foundation of epigenetics for toxicologists with a broad range of backgrounds Discusses the incorporation of epigenetics and epigenomics into current toxicological studies and interpretation of epigenetic data in toxicological applications

Gene Editing in Plants

Gene Editing in Plants
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2017-08-31
ISBN 10: 0128117443
ISBN 13: 9780128117446
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gene Editing in Plants Book Review:

Gene Editing in Plants, Volume 149 aims to provide the reader with an up-to-date survey of cutting-edge research with gene editing tools and an overview of the implications of this research on the nutritional quality of fruits, vegetables and grains. New chapters in the updated volume include topics relating to Genome Engineering and Agriculture: Opportunities and Challenges, the Use of CRISPR/Cas9 for Crop Improvement in Maize and Soybean, the Use of Zinc-Finger Nucleases for Crop Improvement, Gene Editing in Polyploid Crops: Wheat, Camelina, Canola, Potato, Cotton, Peanut, Sugar Cane, and Citrus, and Gene Editing With TALEN and CRISPR/Cas in Rice. This ongoing serial contain contributions from leading scientists and researchers in the field of gene editing in plants who describe the results of their own research in this rapidly expanding area of science. Shows the importance of revolutionary gene editing technology on plant biology research and its application to agricultural production Provides insight into what may lie ahead in this rapidly expanding area of plant research and development Contains contributions from major leaders in the field of plant gene editing

Human Genome Editing

Human Genome Editing
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,National Academy of Medicine,National Academy of Sciences,Committee on Human Gene Editing: Scientific, Medical, and Ethical Considerations
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 328
Release: 2017-08-13
ISBN 10: 0309452880
ISBN 13: 9780309452885
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Human Genome Editing Book Review:

Genome editing is a powerful new tool for making precise alterations to an organism's genetic material. Recent scientific advances have made genome editing more efficient, precise, and flexible than ever before. These advances have spurred an explosion of interest from around the globe in the possible ways in which genome editing can improve human health. The speed at which these technologies are being developed and applied has led many policymakers and stakeholders to express concern about whether appropriate systems are in place to govern these technologies and how and when the public should be engaged in these decisions. Human Genome Editing considers important questions about the human application of genome editing including: balancing potential benefits with unintended risks, governing the use of genome editing, incorporating societal values into clinical applications and policy decisions, and respecting the inevitable differences across nations and cultures that will shape how and whether to use these new technologies. This report proposes criteria for heritable germline editing, provides conclusions on the crucial need for public education and engagement, and presents 7 general principles for the governance of human genome editing.

Past Present and Future Trends in Cotton Breeding

Past  Present and Future Trends in Cotton Breeding
Author: Mehboob-Ur- Rahman,Yusuf Zafar
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 184
Release: 2018-05-02
ISBN 10: 1789230764
ISBN 13: 9781789230765
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Past Present and Future Trends in Cotton Breeding Book Review:

Cotton, a source of natural fiber for textile industry, has a long breeding history aiming at increasing cotton fiber yield and its quality. Newly developed cotton varieties poorly respond in low-input environments. Secondly, the impact of changing climate may threaten the cotton production in the future. To address these challenges, efforts toward the development of resilient cotton varieties have been initiated using genetic and modern genomic approaches. In this book, research updates on cotton fiber types and properties, DNA markers for selecting desirable cotton plants, and cotton fiber genomics were compiled. Also, the modern breeding trends including development of transgenic cotton and the biosafety studies and possibilities of improving cotton genome using modern genome editing tools were also compressively discussed.