Silicate Glasses and Melts

Silicate Glasses and Melts
Author: Bjorn O. Mysen,Pascal Richet
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 720
Release: 2018-11-27
ISBN 10: 0444637095
ISBN 13: 9780444637093
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Silicate Glasses and Melts Book Review:

Silicate Glasses and Melts, Second Edition describes the structure-property-composition relationships for silicate glasses and melts from a geological and industrial perspective. Updated sections include (i) characterization of silicate melt and COHN fluid structure (with and without dissolved silicate components) with pressure, temperature, and redox conditions and responses of structural variables to chemical composition, (ii) determination of solubility and solution mechanisms of COHN volatiles in silicate melts and minerals and of solubility and solution mechanisms of silicate components in COHN fluids, and (iii) effects of very high pressure on structure and properties of melts and glasses. This new book is an essential resource for researchers in a number of fields, including geology, geophysics, geoscience, volcanology, material science, glass science, petrology and mineralogy. Brings together multidisciplinary research scattered across the scientific literature into one reference, with a focus on silicate melts and their application to natural systems Emphasizes linking melt properties to melt structure Includes a discussion of the pros and cons of the use of glass as a proxy for melt structure and properties Written by highly regarded experts in the field who, among other honors, were the 2006 recipients of the prestigious G.W. Morey award of the American Ceramic Society

Silicate Glasses and Melts

Silicate Glasses and Melts
Author: Bjorn O. Mysen,Pascal Richet
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 560
Release: 2005-06-16
ISBN 10: 9780080457710
ISBN 13: 0080457711
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Silicate Glasses and Melts Book Review:

This book describes the structure-property-composition relationships for silicate glasses and melts of industrial and geological interest. From Antiquity to the 20th century, an introductory chapter presents this subject in a historical perspective. Basic concepts are then discussed in three chapters where attention is paid to the glass transition and its various consequences on melt and glass properties, to the structural and physical differences between amorphous and crystalline silicates, and to the mutual relationships between local order, energetics and physical properties. With pure SiO2 as a starting point, compositions of increasing chemical complexity are successively dealt with in a dozen chapters. The effects of network-modifying cations on structure and properties are first exemplified by alkali and alkaline earth elements. The specific influence of aluminum, iron, titanium, and phosphorus are then reviewed. With water, volatiles in the system COHS, noble gases, and halogens, the effects of volatile components are also described. The last chapter explains how the results obtained on simpler melts can be applied to chemically complex systems. In each chapter, physical and chemical properties are described first and followed by a review of glass and melt structure. When possible, pressure effects are also considered. *From SiO2 to complex silicate compositions, the physical and chemical properties of melts and glasses of geological and industrial interest *Structural characterization of melts and glasses, from ambient to high pressure and temperature *From basic concepts to an advanced level, a consistent description of the structure-property-composition relationships in glasses and melts

Proton Conduction and Water Diffusion in Silicate Glasses and Melts

Proton Conduction and Water Diffusion in Silicate Glasses and Melts
Author: Sara Fanara
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:552154017
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proton Conduction and Water Diffusion in Silicate Glasses and Melts Book Review:

Structure and Properties of Silicate Melts

Structure and Properties of Silicate Melts
Author: Bjorn O. Mysen
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 354
Release: 1988
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822002412849
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structure and Properties of Silicate Melts Book Review:

Characterization of the relationships between structure and properties of materials is based on the fundamental principle that the structure of the material be determined first, followed by assessments of which structural properties may govern their properties as a function of composition, pressure, temperature and other variables. Whereas this methodology has been successfully applied to further our understanding of crystalline materials, studies of silicate melt structure are often conducted on a somewhat different basis. Rather than from direct structural determination, structure models have been developed from assumed relationships between a specific melt property and its structure. As a result, a multitude of models has evolved - many of which are mutually exclusive. The overall scope of this book is to address properties and processes of magmatic systems from the vantage point of melt structure. To this end available data in chemically increasingly complex systems are reviewed and discussed with the ultimate goal being integration of the simple system data into a model that describes complex systems such as natural magmatic liquids. Thus the book evolves from the simplest possible system, SiO 2 , to complex systems such as natural magmatic liquids. From a petrologic point of view, sufficient data have been obtained so that a general framework of the structure of magmatic liquids is in place. This framework is based on the same principles as those of crystal chemistry, modulated by the absence of long range order in amorphous material, and systematic relationships between structure and properties can be discerned at least at atmospheric pressure.

Short and Medium range Order in Silicate Glasses and Melts

Short  and Medium range Order in Silicate Glasses and Melts
Author: Wim Jan Malfait
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 192
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:428198505
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Short and Medium range Order in Silicate Glasses and Melts Book Review:

Diffusion in Minerals and Melts

Diffusion in Minerals and Melts
Author: Youxue Zahng,Daniele J. Cherniak
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 1054
Release: 2018-12-17
ISBN 10: 1501508393
ISBN 13: 9781501508394
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Diffusion in Minerals and Melts Book Review:

Volume 72 of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry represents an extensive compilation of the material presented by the invited speakers at a short course on Diffusion in Minerals and Melts held prior (December 11-12, 2010) to the Annual fall meeting of the American Geophysical Union in San Francisco, California. The short course was held at the Napa Valley Marriott Hotel and Spa in Napa, California and was sponsored by the Mineralogical Society of America and the Geochemical Society.

Trace Metals in Silicate Glasses and Melts

Trace Metals in Silicate Glasses and Melts
Author: Carl Wilson Ponader
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 240
Release: 1987
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:38674260
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trace Metals in Silicate Glasses and Melts Book Review:

Handbook of Glass Data Ternary silicate glasses

Handbook of Glass Data  Ternary silicate glasses
Author: Oleg Vsevolodovich Mazurin,Marina Vladimirovna Strelʹt︠s︡ina,Tatʹi︠a︡na Pavlovna Shvaĭko-Shvaĭkovskai︠a︡
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 1110
Release: 1987
ISBN 10: 9780444428899
ISBN 13: 0444428895
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Glass Data Ternary silicate glasses Book Review:

This is the third volume of a five-part comprehensive reference work on the properties of one-component, binary and ternary oxide glass-forming melts and glasses. Part A Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses'' was published in 1983, and Part B Single-Component and Binary yon-Silicate Oxide Glasses'' in 1985. Part D will focus on ternary non-silicate oxide glasses, and the final volume will contain supplements providing new information published during the time of preparation of the first four parts. The present volume covers ternary silicate glasses. All ternary systems are united into large groups according to the valency of the elements forming the corresponding oxides. Within each of these groups the data are classified by properties. The sequence is as follows: glass formation, crystallization, density, thermal expansion and other thermal properties, optical properties, viscosity, elastic properties and internal friction, strength, surface tension, chemical durability, electrical properties, diffusion, permeation and solubility of gases, ion diffusion, volatilization and magnetic properties. Extensive references are included, as are author, subject and formula indexes.

Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses

Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 686
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN 10: 0444598960
ISBN 13: 9780444598967
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses Book Review:

Physical Sciences Data, Volume 15: Handbook of Glass Data: Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses, Part A presents information on the systems capable of forming glasses by cooling melts. This book provides data on the crystallization rates of glasses. Organized into six chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the melt properties for the glass-forming systems. This text then examines the notion of a component that is very significant for determining the number of components in each investigated glass. Other chapters consider the contents of several oxides of the same element but in different valent state as the reason to transfer a glass to the category of the increased number of components. This book discusses as well the analytical composition of glass. The final chapter deals with flotation method using tetrabromoethane and benzene mixture. This book is a valuable resource for glass specialists, chemists, engineers, scientists, and information science workers.

Silicate Melts

Silicate Melts
Author: Sharon Webb
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 76
Release: 2006-04-11
ISBN 10: 3540691529
ISBN 13: 9783540691525
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Silicate Melts Book Review:

This book focuses on the experimental determination of the physical properties of silicate melts and magmas close to glass transition. Abundant new data are presented. The same type of measurement is performed on a range of melts to test the effect of composition on physical properties; and a range of different techniques are used to determine the same physical properties to illustrate the relationships between the relaxation of the melt structure and the relaxation of its physical properties. This book is of interest to experimental researchers in the discussion of data obtained from both a materials science and a geoscientific point of view.

Ternary Non silicate Glasses

Ternary Non silicate Glasses
Author: Oleg Vsevolodovich Mazurin,Marina Vladimirovna Strelʹt︠s︡ina,Tatʹi︠a︡na Pavlovna Shvaĭko-Shvaĭkovskai︠a︡
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 991
Release: 1991
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015072628681
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ternary Non silicate Glasses Book Review:

This is the fourth volume of a comprehensive reference work on the properties of one-component, binary and ternary oxide glass-forming melts and glasses. Part A Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses'' was published in 1983, and Part B Single-Component and Binary Non-Silicate Oxide Glasses'' in 1985. Part C, published in 1987, covered Ternary Silicate Glasses. The present volume covers ternary non-silicate glasses. All ternary systems are united into large groups according to the valency of the elements forming the corresponding oxides. Within each of these groups the data are classified by properties. The sequence is as follows: glass formation, crystallization, density, thermal expansion and other thermal properties, optical properties, viscosity, elastic properties and internal friction, strength, surface tension, chemical durability, electrical properties, diffusion, permeation and solubility of gases, ion diffusion, volatilization and magnetic properties. Extensive references are included, as are author, subject and formula indexes.This book is an essential aid for all those working in research laboratories of glass-making firms, university lecturers, and undergraduate/post-graduate students involved with materials science. Previous parts have already proved their usefulness to a great many people and have been described as follows: The Handbook of Glass Data cannot be recommended too strongly. It must be held in every library where there is a serious interest in glass, and it should be on the shelf of every glass researcher. (Glass Technology).

Bioactive Glasses

Bioactive Glasses
Author: Aldo R Boccaccini,Delia S Brauer,Leena Hupa
Publsiher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Total Pages: 530
Release: 2016-11-28
ISBN 10: 1782622012
ISBN 13: 9781782622017
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioactive Glasses Book Review:

The global ageing society has significantly increased the need for implant materials, which not only replace damaged or lost tissue but are also able to regenerate it. The field of bioactive glasses has been expanding continuously over recent years as they have been shown to bond with hard and soft tissue, release therapeutically active ions, and be capable of enhancing bone formation and regeneration. In addition, they are successfully being used to re-mineralise teeth, thereby making bioactive glasses highly attractive materials in both dentistry and medicine. Understanding the multidisciplinary requirements set by the human body’s environment and the special characteristics of the different families of bioactive glasses is a key in developing new compositions to novel clinical applications. Bioactive Glasses aims to bridge the different scientific communities associated with the field of bioactive glasses with focus on the materials science point of view. Emerging applications covered include soft tissue regeneration, wound healing, vascularisation, cancer treatment and drug delivery devices. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the latest applications of bioactive glasses for material scientists.

Properties of Glass Forming Melts

Properties of Glass Forming Melts
Author: David Pye,Innocent Joseph,Angelo Montenero
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2005-05-12
ISBN 10: 142002731X
ISBN 13: 9781420027310
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Properties of Glass Forming Melts Book Review:

This book presents state-of-the-art information concerning properties and processes involved in glass melts. Based upon contributions by renowned authors and scientists working with glass melt systems, Properties of Glass-Forming Melts is an excellent compilation of the current knowledge on property data, mechanisms, measurement techniques, and structure-related properties of glass-forming. The authors provide in-depth analyses of such topics as glass-melt density, thermal expansion, heat conductivity, and chemical activities. Each chapter combines fundamental concepts with a compilation of recent and reliable data that is essential in the modeling of glass melting, fining, conditioning, and forming. The book first discusses the glass-forming melts, thermodynamics, transport properties, and redox effects of glass. This provides a sound basis to the analysis of important properties of glass melts such as viscosity, surface tension, density, and heat capacity as well as more generalized subjects of heat transfer and gas solubility. A chapter on electrical properties provides a solid foundation for understanding glass melting via direct Joule heating of the melt. The examination of the corrosive nature of molten glasses will be of great interest to tank designers and operators. This unique handbook concludes with an overview of nuclear waste vitrification, a growing discipline that relies on current data and encourages research in glass melts. This book is an ideal starting place for future-generation glass scientists and an effective reference for scientists who require data on the behavior of viscous melts and for glass technologists who apply mathematical models simulating the melting and forming processes. Properties of Glass-Forming Melts offers a one-of-a-kind and valuable source of reliable data and insight by those with firsthand knowledge and experiences in this field.

Structural Insights Into Sodium rich Silicate carbonate Glasses and Melts

Structural Insights Into Sodium rich Silicate carbonate Glasses and Melts
Author: Julia Pohlenz
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2019
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1197904942
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structural Insights Into Sodium rich Silicate carbonate Glasses and Melts Book Review:

Carbonate-rich silicate and carbonate melts play a crucial role in deep Earth magmatic processes and their melt structure is a key parameter, as it controls physical and chemical properties. Carbonate-rich melts can be strongly enriched in geochemically important trace elements. The structural incorporation mechanisms of these elements are difficult to study because such melts generally cannot be quenched to glasses, which are usually employed for structural investigations. This thesis investigates the influence of CO2 on the local environments of trace elements contained in silicate glasses with variable CO2 concentrations as well as in silicate and carbonate melts. The compositions studied include sodium-rich peralkaline silicate melts and glasses and carbonate melts similar to those occurring naturally at Oldoinyo Lengai volcano, Tanzania. The local environments of the three elements yttrium (Y), lanthanum (La) and strontium (Sr) were investigated in synthesized glasses and melts using X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) spectroscopy. Especially extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (EXAFS) provides element specific information on local structure, such as bond lengths, coordination numbers and the degree of disorder. To cope with the enhanced structural disorder present in glasses and melts, EXAFS analysis was based on fitting approaches using an asymmetric distribution function as well as a correlation model according to bond valence theory. Firstly, silicate glasses quenched from high pressure/temperature melts with up to 7.6 wt % CO2 were investigated. In strongly and extremely peralkaline glasses the local structure of Y is unaffected by the CO2 content (with oxygen bond lengths of ~ 2.29 Å). ...

Ternary Non silicate Glasses

Ternary Non silicate Glasses
Author: Oleg Vsevolodovich Mazurin,Marina Vladimirovna Strelʹt︠s︡ina,Tatʹi︠a︡na Pavlovna Shvaĭko-Shvaĭkovskai︠a︡
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 991
Release: 1991
ISBN 10: 9780444889553
ISBN 13: 0444889558
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ternary Non silicate Glasses Book Review:

This is the fourth volume of a comprehensive reference work on the properties of one-component, binary and ternary oxide glass-forming melts and glasses. Part A Silica Glass and Binary Silicate Glasses'' was published in 1983, and Part B Single-Component and Binary Non-Silicate Oxide Glasses'' in 1985. Part C, published in 1987, covered Ternary Silicate Glasses. The present volume covers ternary non-silicate glasses. All ternary systems are united into large groups according to the valency of the elements forming the corresponding oxides. Within each of these groups the data are classified by properties. The sequence is as follows: glass formation, crystallization, density, thermal expansion and other thermal properties, optical properties, viscosity, elastic properties and internal friction, strength, surface tension, chemical durability, electrical properties, diffusion, permeation and solubility of gases, ion diffusion, volatilization and magnetic properties. Extensive references are included, as are author, subject and formula indexes.This book is an essential aid for all those working in research laboratories of glass-making firms, university lecturers, and undergraduate/post-graduate students involved with materials science. Previous parts have already proved their usefulness to a great many people and have been described as follows: The Handbook of Glass Data cannot be recommended too strongly. It must be held in every library where there is a serious interest in glass, and it should be on the shelf of every glass researcher. (Glass Technology).

Cation Ordering at Ambient Pressure and Structural Densification Mechanisms of High pressure Silicate Glasses and Melts

Cation Ordering at Ambient Pressure and Structural Densification Mechanisms of High pressure Silicate Glasses and Melts
Author: Jeffrey Richard Allwardt
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 239
Release: 2006
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:70243155
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cation Ordering at Ambient Pressure and Structural Densification Mechanisms of High pressure Silicate Glasses and Melts Book Review:

Infrared Spectroscopy and Hydrogen Isotope Geochemistry of Hydrous Silicate Glasses Progress Report

Infrared Spectroscopy and Hydrogen Isotope Geochemistry of Hydrous Silicate Glasses  Progress Report
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 3
Release: 1992
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:727198006
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Infrared Spectroscopy and Hydrogen Isotope Geochemistry of Hydrous Silicate Glasses Progress Report Book Review:

The focus of this project is the combined appication of infrared spectroscopy and stable isotope geochemistry to the study of hydrogen-bearing species dissolved in silicate melts and glasses. We are conducting laboratory experiments aimed at determining the fractionation of D and H between melt species (OH and H2O) and hydrous vapor and the diffusivities of these species in glasses and melts. Knowledge of these parameters is critical to understanding the behavior of hydrogen isotopes during igneous processes and hydrothermal processes. These results also could be valuable in application of glass technology to development of nuclear waste disposal strategies.

Structure Dynamics and Properties of Silicate Melts

Structure  Dynamics  and Properties of Silicate Melts
Author: Jonathan F. Stebbins,Paul F. McMillan,Donald B. Dingwell
Publsiher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Total Pages: 632
Release: 2018-12-17
ISBN 10: 1501509381
ISBN 13: 9781501509384
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Structure Dynamics and Properties of Silicate Melts Book Review:

Volume 32 of Reviews in Mineralogy introduces the basic concepts of melt physics and relaxation theory as applied to silicate melts, then to describe the current state of experimental and computer simulation techniques for exploring the detailed atomic structure and dynamic processes which occur at high temperature, and finally to consider the relationships between melt structure, thermodynamic properties and rheology within these liquids. These fundamental relations serve to bridge the extrapolation from often highly simplified melt compositions studied in the laboratory to the multicomponent systems found in nature. This volume focuses on the properties of simple model silicate systems, which are usually volatile-free. The behavior of natural magmas has been summarized in a previous Short Course volume (Nicholls and Russell, editors, 1990: Reviews in Mineralogy, Vol. 24), and the effect of volatiles on magmatic properties in yet another (Carroll and Holloway, editors, 1994: Vol. 30). The Mineralogical Society of America sponsored a short course for which this was the text at Stanford University December 9 and 10, 1995, preceding the Fall Meeting of the American Geophysical Union and MSA in San Fransisco, with about 100 professionals and graduate students in attendance.

Infrared Spectroscopy and Hydrogen Isotope Geochemistry of Hydrous Silicate Glasses

Infrared Spectroscopy and Hydrogen Isotope Geochemistry of Hydrous Silicate Glasses
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 3
Release: 1992
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:727275732
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Infrared Spectroscopy and Hydrogen Isotope Geochemistry of Hydrous Silicate Glasses Book Review:

The focus of this project is the combined appication of infrared spectroscopy and stable isotope geochemistry to the study of hydrogen-bearing species dissolved in silicate melts and glasses. We are conducting laboratory experiments aimed at determining the fractionation of D and H between melt species (OH and H2O) and hydrous vapor and the diffusivities of these species in glasses and melts. Knowledge of these parameters is critical to understanding the behavior of hydrogen isotopes during igneous processes and hydrothermal processes. These results also could be valuable in application of glass technology to development of nuclear waste disposal strategies.

Melting Reactions and Silica Dissolution in Lead Silicate Glasses

Melting Reactions and Silica Dissolution in Lead Silicate Glasses
Author: Abdussalam Omar Abdulaali Ettuager
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1999
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:278217001
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Melting Reactions and Silica Dissolution in Lead Silicate Glasses Book Review: