Sex gender

Sex gender
Author: Anne Fausto-Sterling
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 142
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 0415881455
ISBN 13: 9780415881456
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex gender Book Review:

Sex/Gender presents a relatively new way to think about how biological difference can be produced over time in response to different environmental and social experiences. This book gives a clearly written explanation of the biological and cultural underpinnings of gender. Anne Fausto-Sterling provides an introduction to the biochemistry, neurobiology, and social construction of gender with expertise and humor in a style accessible to a wide variety of readers. In addition to the basics, Sex/Gender ponders the moral, ethical, social and political side to this inescapable subject. An interview with the author! WOMR - The Lowdown with Ira Wood - Sex an Gender Identity with Anne Fausto-Sterling: http://www.publicbroadcasting.net/womr/.jukebox?action=viewMedia&mediaId=1025429

Bridging Gaps Between Sex and Gender in Neurosciences

Bridging Gaps Between Sex and Gender in Neurosciences
Author: Annie Duchesne,Meng-Chuan Lai,Gillian Einstein,Belinda Pletzer,Marina A. Pavlova
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-07-14
ISBN 10: 2889638650
ISBN 13: 9782889638659
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bridging Gaps Between Sex and Gender in Neurosciences Book Review:

The Oxford Handbook of Evolution Biology and Society

The Oxford Handbook of Evolution  Biology  and Society
Author: Rosemary Hopcroft,Rosemary L. Hopcroft
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2018
ISBN 10: 0190299320
ISBN 13: 9780190299323
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Evolution Biology and Society Book Review:

Evolution, biology, and society is a catch-all phrase encompassing any scholarly work that utilizes evolutionary theory and/or biological or behavioral genetic methods in the study of the human social group, and The Oxford Handbook of Evolution, Biology, and Society contains an much needed overview of research in the area by sociologists and other social scientists. The examined topics cover a wide variety of issues, including the origins of social solidarity; religious beliefs; sex differences; gender inequality; determinants of human happiness; the nature of social stratification and inequality and its effects; identity, status, and other group processes; race, ethnicity, and race discrimination; fertility and family processes; crime and deviance; and cultural and social change. The scholars whose work is presented in this volume come from a variety of disciplines in addition to sociology, including psychology, political science, and criminology. Yet, as the essays in this volume demonstrate, the potential of theory and methods from biology for illuminating social phenomena is clear, and sociologists stand to gain from learning more about them and using them in their own work. The theory focuses on evolution by natural selection, the primary paradigm of the biological sciences, while the methods include the statistical analyses sociologists are familiar with, as well as other methods that they may not be familiar with, such as behavioral genetic methods, methods for including genetic factors in statistical analyses, gene-wide association studies, candidate gene studies, and methods for testing levels of hormones and other biochemicals in blood and saliva and including these factors in analyses. This work will be of interest to any sociologist with an interest in exploring the interaction of biological and sociological processes. As an introduction to the field it is useful for teaching upper-level or graduate students in sociology or a related social science.

Sex Control in Aquaculture

Sex Control in Aquaculture
Author: Hanping Wang,Francesc Piferrer,Songlin Chen,Zhi-Gang Shen
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 888
Release: 2018-11-08
ISBN 10: 1119127289
ISBN 13: 9781119127284
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex Control in Aquaculture Book Review:

A comprehensive resource that covers all the aspects of sex control in aquaculture written by internationally-acclaimed scientists Comprehensive in scope, Sex Control in Aquaculture first explains the concepts and rationale for sex control in aquaculture, which serves different purposes. The most important are: to produce monosex stocks to rear only the fastest-growing sex in some species, to prevent precocious or uncontrolled reproduction in other species and to aid in broodstock management. The application of sex ratio manipulation for population control and invasive species management is also included. Next, this book provides detailed and updated information on the underlying genetic, epigenetic, endocrine and environmental mechanisms responsible for the establishment of the sexes, and explains chromosome set manipulation techniques, hybridization and the latest gene knockout approaches. Furthermore, the book offers detailed protocols and key summarizing information on how sex control is practiced worldwide in 35 major aquaculture species or groups, including fish and crustaceans, and puts the focus on its application in the aquaculture industry. With contributions from an international panel of leading scientists, Sex Control in Aquaculture will appeal to a large audience: aquaculture/fisheries professionals and students, scientists or biologists working with basic aspects of fish/shrimp biology, growth and reproductive endocrinology, genetics, molecular biology, evolutionary biology, and R&D managers and administrators. This text explores sex control technologies and monosex production of commercially-farmed fish and crustacean species that are highly in demand for aquaculture, to improve feed utilization efficiency, reduce energy consumption for reproduction and eliminate a series of problems caused by mixed sex rearing. Thus, this book: Contains contributions from an international panel of leading scientists and professionals in the field Provides comprehensive coverage of both established and new technologies to control sex ratios that are becoming more necessary to increase productivity in aquaculture Includes detailed coverage of the most effective sex control techniques used in the world's most important commercially-farmed species Sex Control in Aquaculture is the comprehensive resource for understanding the biological rationale, scientific principles and real-world practices in this exciting and expanding field.

Gender Medicine

Gender Medicine
Author: Marek Glezerman
Publsiher: Duckworth Overlook
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2017-09-21
ISBN 10: 9780715652244
ISBN 13: 0715652249
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gender Medicine Book Review:

Despite the fact that cultural differences between genders are becoming obsolete, the differences between male and female bodies are nevertheless very real, and go well beyond the obvious sexual and reproductive variances: men and women absorb medication, feel pain, and even display early symptoms of heart attacks differently. And yet the medical establishment treats male and female patients as though their needs were identical. In fact, medical research is still done predominately on men, and the results applied to the treatment of women. This is clearly problematic, and Gender Medicine calls for the reform of attitudes and practices, for all of us: GP and surgeon, researcher and patient.

How Biology Shapes Philosophy

How Biology Shapes Philosophy
Author: David Livingstone Smith
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 364
Release: 2016-12-01
ISBN 10: 1107055830
ISBN 13: 9781107055834
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

How Biology Shapes Philosophy Book Review:

A collection of original essays by major thinkers, addressing how the biological sciences inform and inspire philosophical research.

Hormones Brain and Behavior

Hormones  Brain and Behavior
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2002
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105025953196
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hormones Brain and Behavior Book Review:

Introducing Epigenetics

Introducing Epigenetics
Author: Cath Ennis
Publsiher: Icon Books Ltd
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2017-02-02
ISBN 10: 1848319037
ISBN 13: 9781848319035
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introducing Epigenetics Book Review:

Epigenetics is the most exciting field in biology today, developing our understanding of how and why we inherit certain traits, develop diseases and age, and evolve as a species. This non-fiction comic book introduces us to genetics, cell biology and the fascinating science of epigenetics, which is rapidly filling in the gaps in our knowledge, allowing us to make huge advances in medicine. We’ll look at what identical twins can teach us about the epigenetic effects of our environment and experiences, why certain genes are 'switched on' or off at various stages of embryonic development, and how scientists have reversed the specialization of cells to clone frogs from a single gut cell. In Introducing Epigenetics, Cath Ennis and Oliver Pugh pull apart the double helix, examining how the epigenetic building blocks and messengers that interpret and edit our genes help to make us, well, us.

Sex Differences in the Brain

Sex Differences in the Brain
Author: Jill B. Becker,Karen J. Berkley,Nori Geary,Elizabeth Hampson,James P. Herman,Elizabeth Young
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 512
Release: 2007-12-04
ISBN 10: 0198042558
ISBN 13: 9780198042556
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex Differences in the Brain Book Review:

Within the basic and clinical biomedical research community, there is increasing recognition that differences between males and females across the lifespan affect an individual's health, his/her development of disease, signs and symptoms of pathophysiology, and response to therapy. This book is intended as a resource for scientists, clinicians, and students of the nervous system and behavior- a trove of practical information about how to study sex differences in the brain as well as a discussion of what is already known on the topic.

Evolution s Rainbow

Evolution s Rainbow
Author: Joan Roughgarden
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2013-09-14
ISBN 10: 0520957970
ISBN 13: 9780520957978
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolution s Rainbow Book Review:

In this innovative celebration of diversity and affirmation of individuality in animals and humans, Joan Roughgarden challenges accepted wisdom about gender identity and sexual orientation. A distinguished evolutionary biologist, Roughgarden takes on the medical establishment, the Bible, social science—and even Darwin himself. She leads the reader through a fascinating discussion of diversity in gender and sexuality among fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and mammals, including primates. Evolution's Rainbow explains how this diversity develops from the action of genes and hormones and how people come to differ from each other in all aspects of body and behavior. Roughgarden reconstructs primary science in light of feminist, gay, and transgender criticism and redefines our understanding of sex, gender, and sexuality. Witty, playful, and daring, this book will revolutionize our understanding of sexuality. Roughgarden argues that principal elements of Darwinian sexual selection theory are false and suggests a new theory that emphasizes social inclusion and control of access to resources and mating opportunity. She disputes a range of scientific and medical concepts, including Wilson's genetic determinism of behavior, evolutionary psychology, the existence of a gay gene, the role of parenting in determining gender identity, and Dawkins's "selfish gene" as the driver of natural selection. She dares social science to respect the agency and rationality of diverse people; shows that many cultures across the world and throughout history accommodate people we label today as lesbian, gay, and transgendered; and calls on the Christian religion to acknowledge the Bible's many passages endorsing diversity in gender and sexuality. Evolution's Rainbow concludes with bold recommendations for improving education in biology, psychology, and medicine; for democratizing genetic engineering and medical practice; and for building a public monument to affirm diversity as one of our nation's defining principles.

The Strategy of the Genes

The Strategy of the Genes
Author: C.H. Waddington
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2014-04-29
ISBN 10: 1317657543
ISBN 13: 9781317657545
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Strategy of the Genes Book Review:

First published in 1957, this essential classic work bridged the gap between analytical and theoretical biology, thus setting the insights of the former in a context which more sensitively reflects the ambiguities surrounding many of its core concepts and objectives. Specifically, these five essays are concerned with some of the major problems of classical biology: the precise character of biological organisation, the processes which generate it, and the specifics of evolution. With regard to these issues, some thinkers suggest that biological organisms are not merely distinguishable from inanimate ‘things’ in terms of complexity, but are in fact radically different qualitatively: they exemplify some constitutive principle which is not elsewhere manifested. It is the desire to bring such ideas into conformity with our understanding of analytical biology which unifies these essays. They explore the contours of a conceptual framework sufficiently wide to embrace all aspects of living systems.

The Epigenetics Revolution

The Epigenetics Revolution
Author: Nessa Carey
Publsiher: Columbia University Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2012-03-06
ISBN 10: 0231530714
ISBN 13: 9780231530712
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Epigenetics Revolution Book Review:

Epigenetics can potentially revolutionize our understanding of the structure and behavior of biological life on Earth. It explains why mapping an organism's genetic code is not enough to determine how it develops or acts and shows how nurture combines with nature to engineer biological diversity. Surveying the twenty-year history of the field while also highlighting its latest findings and innovations, this volume provides a readily understandable introduction to the foundations of epigenetics. Nessa Carey, a leading epigenetics researcher, connects the field's arguments to such diverse phenomena as how ants and queen bees control their colonies; why tortoiseshell cats are always female; why some plants need cold weather before they can flower; and how our bodies age and develop disease. Reaching beyond biology, epigenetics now informs work on drug addiction, the long-term effects of famine, and the physical and psychological consequences of childhood trauma. Carey concludes with a discussion of the future directions for this research and its ability to improve human health and well-being.

Sex Differences in the Brain

Sex Differences in the Brain
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 513
Release: 1984-01-01
ISBN 10: 9780080861869
ISBN 13: 0080861865
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex Differences in the Brain Book Review:

Sex Differences in the Brain

Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System

Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System
Author: Rebecca M. Shansky
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2015-09-14
ISBN 10: 0128021985
ISBN 13: 9780128021989
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System Book Review:

Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System offers a comprehensive examination of the current state of sex differences research, from both the basic science and clinical research perspectives. Given the current NIH directive that funded preclinical research must consider both females and males, this topic is of interest to an increasing percentage of the neuroscience research population. The volume serves as an invaluable resource, offering coverage of a wide range of topics: sex differences in cognition, learning, and memory, sex hormone signaling mechanisms, neuroimmune interactions, epigenetics, social behavior, neurologic disease, psychological disorders, and stress. Discussions of research in both animal models and human patient populations are included. Details how sex hormones have widespread effects on the nervous system and influence the way males and females function Assists readers in determining how sex impacts their research and practice, and assists in determining how to adjust research programs to incorporate sex influences Includes discussions of research in both animal models and human patient populations, and at various developmental stages Features revised and updated chapters by leaders in the field around the globe—the broadest, most expert coverage available

The Evolution of Sex

The Evolution of Sex
Author: John Maynard Smith
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 242
Release: 1978-08-24
ISBN 10: 9780521218870
ISBN 13: 052121887X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Evolution of Sex Book Review:

The question of why organisms reproduce sexually is still a matter of controversy. In this account, Professor Maynard Smith considers the selective forces responsible for the origin and evolution of sexual reproduction and genetic recombination, using quantitative population genetics arguments to support his ideas. The relative importance of individual and group selection processes are also considered. the aim is to give a clear statement of the theoretical issues, and present enough of the evidence to show what kinds of facts are relevant. It is hoped that where crucial evidence is missing, experimentalists and field workers may be encouraged to collect the relevant data. The author does not claim to solve all the problems he raises, but this clear and well-argued account should provide stimulating reading for advanced undergraduate students and research workers in evolutionary theory.

Next Generation Genome Sequencing

Next Generation Genome Sequencing
Author: Michal Janitz
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 282
Release: 2011-08-24
ISBN 10: 3527644733
ISBN 13: 9783527644735
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Next Generation Genome Sequencing Book Review:

Written by leading experts from industry and academia, this first single comprehensive resource addresses recent developments in next generation DNA sequencing technology and their impact on genome research, drug discovery and health care. As such, it presents a detailed comparative analysis of commercially available platforms as well as insights into alternative, emerging sequencing techniques. In addition, the book not only covers the principles of DNA sequencing techniques but also social, ethical and commercial aspects, the concept of personalized medicine and a five-year perspective of DNA sequencing.

Sex and Gender Differences in Pharmacology

Sex and Gender Differences in Pharmacology
Author: Vera Regitz-Zagrosek
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 602
Release: 2012-10-02
ISBN 10: 3642307264
ISBN 13: 9783642307263
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex and Gender Differences in Pharmacology Book Review:

This is the very first book to deal with sex and gender differences in drug therapy - an increasingly recognized medical need. It starts with an overview on S/G in clinical syndromes and a documentation of the medical and socioeconomic damage caused by gender specific adverse drug effects. Part I covers S/G differences in pharmacokinetics. Researchers will be satisfied by the detailed discussion of the mechanisms of S/G differences in drug effects that represents cutting edge science and includes interaction of drugs with sex hormones, genomic and epigenetic mechanisms. It also covers S/G in drug development, in animal models and clinical development and S/G in drug prescriptions. Part II targets S/G differences in drug effects in cardiovascular, pulmonary, CNS, neuromuscular, neuropsychiatric and metabolic diseases, in cancer, inflammation, and rheumatic diseases, in bacterial and retroviral infections, thrombosis, embolism. New drugs will be discussed.

Epigenetic pathways in PTSD how traumatic experiences leave their signature on the genome

Epigenetic pathways in PTSD  how traumatic experiences leave their signature on the genome
Author: Tania L Roth,David M Diamond,Karestan C Koenen
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 158
Release: 2015-04-14
ISBN 10: 2889194582
ISBN 13: 9782889194582
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetic pathways in PTSD how traumatic experiences leave their signature on the genome Book Review:

This research topic focuses on epigenetic components of PTSD. Epigenetic mechanisms are a class of molecular mechanisms by which environmental influences, including stress, can interact with the genome to have long-term consequences for brain plasticity and behavior. Articles herein include empirical reports and reviews that link stress and trauma with epigenetic alterations in humans and animal models of early- or later-life stress. Themes present throughout the collection include: DNA methylation is a useful biomarker of stress and treatment outcome in humans; epigenetic programming of stress-sensitive physiological systems early in development confers an enhanced risk on disease development upon re-exposure to trauma or stress; and, long-lived fear memories are associated with epigenetic alterations in fear memory and extinction brain circuitry.

Environmental Epigenetics

Environmental Epigenetics
Author: L. Joseph Su,Tung-chin Chiang
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 321
Release: 2015-05-18
ISBN 10: 1447166787
ISBN 13: 9781447166788
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Epigenetics Book Review:

This book examines the toxicological and health implications of environmental epigenetics and provides knowledge through an interdisciplinary approach. Included in this volume are chapters outlining various environmental risk factors such as phthalates and dietary components, life states such as pregnancy and ageing, hormonal and metabolic considerations and specific disease risks such as cancer cardiovascular diseases and other non-communicable diseases. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses. Environmental Epigenetics imparts integrative knowledge of the science of epigenetics and the issues raised in environmental epidemiology. This book is intended to serve both as a reference compendium on environmental epigenetics for scientists in academia, industry and laboratories and as a textbook for graduate level environmental health courses.

Junk DNA

Junk DNA
Author: Nessa Carey
Publsiher: Icon Books
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2015-03-05
ISBN 10: 184831826X
ISBN 13: 9781848318267
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Junk DNA Book Review:

From the author of the acclaimed The Epigenetics Revolution (‘A book that would have had Darwin swooning’ – Guardian) comes another thrilling exploration of the cutting edge of human science. For decades after the structure of DNA was identified, scientists focused purely on genes, the regions of the genome that contain codes for the production of proteins. Other regions – 98% of the human genome – were dismissed as ‘junk’. But in recent years researchers have discovered that variations in this ‘junk’ DNA underlie many previously intractable diseases, and they can now generate new approaches to tackling them. Nessa Carey explores, for the first time for a general audience, the incredible story behind a controversy that has generated unusually vituperative public exchanges between scientists. She shows how junk DNA plays an important role in areas as diverse as genetic diseases, viral infections, sex determination in mammals, human biological complexity, disease treatments, even evolution itself – and reveals how we are only now truly unlocking its secrets, more than half a century after Crick and Watson won their Nobel prize for the discovery of the structure of DNA in 1962.