Bridging Gaps Between Sex and Gender in Neurosciences

Bridging Gaps Between Sex and Gender in Neurosciences
Author: Annie Duchesne,Meng-Chuan Lai,Gillian Einstein,Belinda Pletzer,Marina A. Pavlova
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2020-07-14
ISBN 10: 2889638650
ISBN 13: 9782889638659
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bridging Gaps Between Sex and Gender in Neurosciences Book Review:

Gender, Sex and Children's Play

Gender, Sex and Children's Play
Author: Jacky Kilvington,Ali Wood
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2016-08-11
ISBN 10: 1472523563
ISBN 13: 9781472523563
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gender, Sex and Children's Play Book Review:

Does gender, sex and sexuality influence children's play, and their learning? Can/should professionals try to influence children's gender and sexual concepts? Can/should professionals try to prevent gender stereotyping? These and other questions are explored in a lively and thought-provoking text that looks at why and how children inhabit or develop their gender and sexuality. Written in an approachable way and illustrated with case studies and linked to current research and theory, the book helps students, teachers and playworkers understand the debates about biology versus culture and social learning and how these impact on children's expression of gender and sexuality. Engaging the reader in a thorough reflection of their own views and approaches to the genderized and sexualized behaviour of children at play, this text is an invaluable guide for all those interested in the importance of play, gender and sexuality and how they relate to children's lives. Topics include: play and the behaviour of boys and girls within particular social contexts; play and girls' and boys' sexual behaviour and their associated feelings; play and children's self-concepts and expectations; the professional adult workers' role and the manifestation of genderized and/or sexualized play behaviour both in and outside a setting.

Sex Control in Aquaculture

Sex Control in Aquaculture
Author: Hanping Wang,Francesc Piferrer,Songlin Chen,Zhi-Gang Shen
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 888
Release: 2018-11-08
ISBN 10: 1119127289
ISBN 13: 9781119127284
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex Control in Aquaculture Book Review:

A comprehensive resource that covers all the aspects of sex control in aquaculture written by internationally-acclaimed scientists Comprehensive in scope, Sex Control in Aquaculture first explains the concepts and rationale for sex control in aquaculture, which serves different purposes. The most important are: to produce monosex stocks to rear only the fastest-growing sex in some species, to prevent precocious or uncontrolled reproduction in other species and to aid in broodstock management. The application of sex ratio manipulation for population control and invasive species management is also included. Next, this book provides detailed and updated information on the underlying genetic, epigenetic, endocrine and environmental mechanisms responsible for the establishment of the sexes, and explains chromosome set manipulation techniques, hybridization and the latest gene knockout approaches. Furthermore, the book offers detailed protocols and key summarizing information on how sex control is practiced worldwide in 35 major aquaculture species or groups, including fish and crustaceans, and puts the focus on its application in the aquaculture industry. With contributions from an international panel of leading scientists, Sex Control in Aquaculture will appeal to a large audience: aquaculture/fisheries professionals and students, scientists or biologists working with basic aspects of fish/shrimp biology, growth and reproductive endocrinology, genetics, molecular biology, evolutionary biology, and R&D managers and administrators. This text explores sex control technologies and monosex production of commercially-farmed fish and crustacean species that are highly in demand for aquaculture, to improve feed utilization efficiency, reduce energy consumption for reproduction and eliminate a series of problems caused by mixed sex rearing. Thus, this book: Contains contributions from an international panel of leading scientists and professionals in the field Provides comprehensive coverage of both established and new technologies to control sex ratios that are becoming more necessary to increase productivity in aquaculture Includes detailed coverage of the most effective sex control techniques used in the world's most important commercially-farmed species Sex Control in Aquaculture is the comprehensive resource for understanding the biological rationale, scientific principles and real-world practices in this exciting and expanding field.

Gender Dysphoria and Disorders of Sex Development

Gender Dysphoria and Disorders of Sex Development
Author: Baudewijntje P.C. Kreukels,Thomas D. Steensma,Annelou L.C. de Vries
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 357
Release: 2013-07-01
ISBN 10: 1461474418
ISBN 13: 9781461474418
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gender Dysphoria and Disorders of Sex Development Book Review:

This book provides a state of the art review on the care and treatment of and current scientific knowledge on gender dysphoria (GD) and disorders of sex development (DSD). The book elucidates the history, the present situation, and the newest developments and future perspectives in both research on GD and DSD and the clinical management of individuals with GD and DSD of all ages. With contributions from a selection of leading scientists and established clinicians in the field of GD and DSD, this is a unique and comprehensive book focusing on the etiology and developmental trajectories of GD and DSD regarding gender identity development, psychiatric comorbidity, classification dilemmas, ethical dilemmas in treatment, influences of societal stigmatization, and discussion of the medical and psychological implications and outcomes of treatment, and providing treatment guidelines for individuals with GD and DSD (distinct guidelines each for children, adolescents, and adults). By presenting not only an historic overview and the current state of the art, but also challenges for the future, the book aims to demonstrate the need for further research and to stimulate the development and improvement of the clinical care of individuals with GD and DSD.​

Biopolitics and Gender

Biopolitics and Gender
Author: Meredith W Watts Jr
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1136548912
ISBN 13: 9781136548918
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biopolitics and Gender Book Review:

Here is an important book for social scientists interested in the influence of gender on certain types of behavior. Several perspectives are presented on the general topic of biopolitics and gender, including the points of view of brain science, endocrinology, ethology, psychophysiology, and such conventional interests as political attitudes, socialization, participation, social structure, and political hierarchy. The varied and provocative ideas explored in this volume will broaden discussions of gender beyond an exclusive focus on sex links to oppression and discrimination.

Sex and Gender Differences in Pharmacology

Sex and Gender Differences in Pharmacology
Author: Vera Regitz-Zagrosek
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 602
Release: 2012-10-02
ISBN 10: 3642307256
ISBN 13: 9783642307256
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex and Gender Differences in Pharmacology Book Review:

A trailblazing assessment of sex and gender differences in reactions to drug therapy, this volume reflects the topic’s growing recognition. Analyses by international experts on both pharmacokinetics and drug development are informed by an extensive data set.

Evolution's Rainbow

Evolution's Rainbow
Author: Joan Roughgarden
Publsiher: Univ of California Press
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2013-09-14
ISBN 10: 0520957970
ISBN 13: 9780520957978
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evolution's Rainbow Book Review:

In this innovative celebration of diversity and affirmation of individuality in animals and humans, Joan Roughgarden challenges accepted wisdom about gender identity and sexual orientation. A distinguished evolutionary biologist, Roughgarden takes on the medical establishment, the Bible, social science—and even Darwin himself. She leads the reader through a fascinating discussion of diversity in gender and sexuality among fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds, and mammals, including primates. Evolution's Rainbow explains how this diversity develops from the action of genes and hormones and how people come to differ from each other in all aspects of body and behavior. Roughgarden reconstructs primary science in light of feminist, gay, and transgender criticism and redefines our understanding of sex, gender, and sexuality. Witty, playful, and daring, this book will revolutionize our understanding of sexuality. Roughgarden argues that principal elements of Darwinian sexual selection theory are false and suggests a new theory that emphasizes social inclusion and control of access to resources and mating opportunity. She disputes a range of scientific and medical concepts, including Wilson's genetic determinism of behavior, evolutionary psychology, the existence of a gay gene, the role of parenting in determining gender identity, and Dawkins's "selfish gene" as the driver of natural selection. She dares social science to respect the agency and rationality of diverse people; shows that many cultures across the world and throughout history accommodate people we label today as lesbian, gay, and transgendered; and calls on the Christian religion to acknowledge the Bible's many passages endorsing diversity in gender and sexuality. Evolution's Rainbow concludes with bold recommendations for improving education in biology, psychology, and medicine; for democratizing genetic engineering and medical practice; and for building a public monument to affirm diversity as one of our nation's defining principles.

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Understanding the Biology of Sex and Gender Differences
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2001-07-02
ISBN 10: 9780309132978
ISBN 13: 0309132975
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health Book Review:

It's obvious why only men develop prostate cancer and why only women get ovarian cancer. But it is not obvious why women are more likely to recover language ability after a stroke than men or why women are more apt to develop autoimmune diseases such as lupus. Sex differences in health throughout the lifespan have been documented. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health begins to snap the pieces of the puzzle into place so that this knowledge can be used to improve health for both sexes. From behavior and cognition to metabolism and response to chemicals and infectious organisms, this book explores the health impact of sex (being male or female, according to reproductive organs and chromosomes) and gender (one's sense of self as male or female in society). Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health discusses basic biochemical differences in the cells of males and females and health variability between the sexes from conception throughout life. The book identifies key research needs and opportunities and addresses barriers to research. Exploring the Biological Contributions to Human Health will be important to health policy makers, basic, applied, and clinical researchers, educators, providers, and journalists-while being very accessible to interested lay readers.

Designing and Conducting Gender, Sex, and Health Research

Designing and Conducting Gender, Sex, and Health Research
Author: John L. Oliffe,Lorraine Greaves
Publsiher: SAGE
Total Pages: 280
Release: 2011-04-18
ISBN 10: 1452236550
ISBN 13: 9781452236551
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Designing and Conducting Gender, Sex, and Health Research Book Review:

This book provides the first resource dedicated to critically examining gender and sex in study designs, methods, and analysis in health research. In order to produce ethical, accurate, and effective research findings it is vital to integrate both sex (biological characteristics) and gender (socially constructed factors) into any health study. This book draws attention to some of the methodological complexities in this enterprise and offers ways to thoughtfully address these by drawing on empirical examples across a range of topics and disciplines.

Gender Medicine

Gender Medicine
Author: Marek Glezerman
Publsiher: Duckworth Overlook
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2017-09-21
ISBN 10: 9780715652244
ISBN 13: 0715652249
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gender Medicine Book Review:

Despite the fact that cultural differences between genders are becoming obsolete, the differences between male and female bodies are nevertheless very real, and go well beyond the obvious sexual and reproductive variances: men and women absorb medication, feel pain, and even display early symptoms of heart attacks differently. And yet the medical establishment treats male and female patients as though their needs were identical. In fact, medical research is still done predominately on men, and the results applied to the treatment of women. This is clearly problematic, and Gender Medicine calls for the reform of attitudes and practices, for all of us: GP and surgeon, researcher and patient.

Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System

Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System
Author: Rebecca M. Shansky
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2015-09-14
ISBN 10: 0128021985
ISBN 13: 9780128021989
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System Book Review:

Sex Differences in the Central Nervous System offers a comprehensive examination of the current state of sex differences research, from both the basic science and clinical research perspectives. Given the current NIH directive that funded preclinical research must consider both females and males, this topic is of interest to an increasing percentage of the neuroscience research population. The volume serves as an invaluable resource, offering coverage of a wide range of topics: sex differences in cognition, learning, and memory, sex hormone signaling mechanisms, neuroimmune interactions, epigenetics, social behavior, neurologic disease, psychological disorders, and stress. Discussions of research in both animal models and human patient populations are included. Details how sex hormones have widespread effects on the nervous system and influence the way males and females function Assists readers in determining how sex impacts their research and practice, and assists in determining how to adjust research programs to incorporate sex influences Includes discussions of research in both animal models and human patient populations, and at various developmental stages Features revised and updated chapters by leaders in the field around the globe—the broadest, most expert coverage available

Epigenetics in Biology and Medicine

Epigenetics in Biology and Medicine
Author: Manel Esteller
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2008-09-17
ISBN 10: 9781420007077
ISBN 13: 1420007076
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics in Biology and Medicine Book Review:

Anomalous epigenetic patterns touch many areas of study including biomedical, scientific, and industrial. With perspectives from international experts, this resource offers an all-inclusive overview of epigenetics, which bridge DNA information and function by regulating gene expression without modifying the DNA sequence itself. Epigenetics, in its

Sex Itself

Sex Itself
Author: Sarah S. Richardson
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2013-12-13
ISBN 10: 022608471X
ISBN 13: 9780226084718
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex Itself Book Review:

Human genomes are 99.9 percent identical—with one prominent exception. Instead of a matching pair of X chromosomes, men carry a single X, coupled with a tiny chromosome called the Y. Tracking the emergence of a new and distinctive way of thinking about sex represented by the unalterable, simple, and visually compelling binary of the X and Y chromosomes, Sex Itself examines the interaction between cultural gender norms and genetic theories of sex from the beginning of the twentieth century to the present, postgenomic age. Using methods from history, philosophy, and gender studies of science, Sarah S. Richardson uncovers how gender has helped to shape the research practices, questions asked, theories and models, and descriptive language used in sex chromosome research. From the earliest theories of chromosomal sex determination, to the mid-century hypothesis of the aggressive XYY supermale, to the debate about Y chromosome degeneration, to the recent claim that male and female genomes are more different than those of humans and chimpanzees, Richardson shows how cultural gender conceptions influence the genetic science of sex. Richardson shows how sexual science of the past continues to resonate, in ways both subtle and explicit, in contemporary research on the genetics of sex and gender. With the completion of the Human Genome Project, genes and chromosomes are moving to the center of the biology of sex. Sex Itself offers a compelling argument for the importance of ongoing critical dialogue on how cultural conceptions of gender operate within the science of sex.

Sex-Specific Analysis of Cardiovascular Function

Sex-Specific Analysis of Cardiovascular Function
Author: Peter L. M. Kerkhof,Virginia M. Miller
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 725
Release: 2018-07-26
ISBN 10: 331977932X
ISBN 13: 9783319779324
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex-Specific Analysis of Cardiovascular Function Book Review:

This book gathers together contributions from internationally renowned authors in the field of cardiovascular systems and provides crucial insight into the importance of sex- and gender-concepts during the analysis of patient data. This innovative title is the first to offer the elements necessary to consider sex-related properties in both clinical and basic studies regarding the heart and circulation on multiscale levels (i.e. molecular, cellular, electrophysiologically, neuroendocrine, immunoregulatory, organ, allometric, and modeling). Observed differences at (ultra)cellular and organ level are quantified, with focus on clinical relevance and implications for diagnosis and patient management. Since the cardiovascular system is of vital importance for all tissues, Sex-Specific Analysis of Cardiovascular Function is an essential source of information for clinicians, biologists, and biomedical investigators. The wide spectrum of differences described in this book will also act as an eye-opener and serve as a handbook for students, teachers, scientists and practitioners.

The Plasticity of Sex

The Plasticity of Sex
Author: Marianne J. Legato
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2020-05-19
ISBN 10: 0128159693
ISBN 13: 9780128159699
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Plasticity of Sex Book Review:

The Plasticity of Sex: The Molecular Biology and Clinical Features of Genomic Sex, Gender Identity and Sexual Behavior provides a comprehensive view on the development of human sexuality. As there has been a crescendo of interest over the past several decades about the nature and diversity of human sexuality, this reference brings the evidence-based research into one place. The emergence of issues surrounding gender identity, genital ambivalence and the transition from one sex to another is striking, with the public and treating physicians alike clamoring for an evidence-based, comprehensive treatment of human sexuality and all its variations. This is a must-have reference for biomedical researchers in endocrinology, neuroscience, development biology, medical students, residents, and practicing physicians from all medical areas. Discusses the role of biology in gender identity from research in genetics, endocrinology and neuroscience Addresses important health disparities and how to address them when treating the transgender patient Reviews evidence-based information on the biological basis and impact of environmental and hormonal factors at different life stages Outlines schema for treating variations in the sexuality and sexual function of the individual patient

The Evolution of Sex

The Evolution of Sex
Author: Ronald Ted Smith,John Maynard Smith
Publsiher: CUP Archive
Total Pages: 222
Release: 1978-08-24
ISBN 10: 9780521293020
ISBN 13: 0521293022
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Evolution of Sex Book Review:

In this account, Professor Maynard Smith considers the question of why organisms reproduce sexually and considers the selective forces responsible.

Sex and Gender Differences in Cardiovascular-Renal Diseases and Hypertension

Sex and Gender Differences in Cardiovascular-Renal Diseases and Hypertension
Author: Jane Reckelhoff
Publsiher: Biota Publishing
Total Pages: 97
Release: 2014-11-01
ISBN 10: 1615045791
ISBN 13: 9781615045792
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex and Gender Differences in Cardiovascular-Renal Diseases and Hypertension Book Review:

Many of the mechanisms responsible for cardiovascular disease and hypertension are well known, and gender is an independent risk factor in many cohorts. How gender contributes to cardiovascular disease has not been completely elucidated. Even in normotensive populations, blood pressure is higher in men than women, although why this occurs is unclear. While both men and women suffer from high incidences of cardiovascular disease, women are typically protected against cardiovascular disease until after menopause, so that on average they are about 10 years older than men when these diseases develop, making aging a confounding problem contributing to increased morbidity. Because hypertension is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular disease in both men and women, this review will focus on hypertension, and the mechanisms that have been found to play a role in mediating blood pressure control and how they differ in men and women.

The Strategy of the Genes

The Strategy of the Genes
Author: C.H. Waddington
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 274
Release: 2014-04-29
ISBN 10: 1317657543
ISBN 13: 9781317657545
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Strategy of the Genes Book Review:

First published in 1957, this essential classic work bridged the gap between analytical and theoretical biology, thus setting the insights of the former in a context which more sensitively reflects the ambiguities surrounding many of its core concepts and objectives. Specifically, these five essays are concerned with some of the major problems of classical biology: the precise character of biological organisation, the processes which generate it, and the specifics of evolution. With regard to these issues, some thinkers suggest that biological organisms are not merely distinguishable from inanimate ‘things’ in terms of complexity, but are in fact radically different qualitatively: they exemplify some constitutive principle which is not elsewhere manifested. It is the desire to bring such ideas into conformity with our understanding of analytical biology which unifies these essays. They explore the contours of a conceptual framework sufficiently wide to embrace all aspects of living systems.

Epigenetics in Society

Epigenetics in Society
Author: Windsor Epigenetics Study Group
Publsiher: University of Windsor
Total Pages: 327
Release: 2015-10-26
ISBN 10: 0920233724
ISBN 13: 9780920233726
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics in Society Book Review:

This is a book written by students of diverse disciplines, and intended for students and educated lay people. We intend this book to serve several functions. First, we want to make the field of epigenetics accessible to lay readers. Second, and more importantly, we want to excite further interest and concern regarding the social, ethical, legal, health, and policy implications that this field will have for all arenas of our lives. Third, we want to arm our readers with knowledge and wariness so that they can understand and critique the nuanced debates that will inevitably arise when costs and benefits must be weighed: while the effects of epigenetics upon us as individuals may be subtle, the demographic implications and costs are huge.

The Oxford Handbook of Evolution, Biology, and Society

The Oxford Handbook of Evolution, Biology, and Society
Author: Rosemary Hopcroft,Rosemary L. Hopcroft
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2018
ISBN 10: 0190299320
ISBN 13: 9780190299323
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Oxford Handbook of Evolution, Biology, and Society Book Review:

Evolution, biology, and society is a catch-all phrase encompassing any scholarly work that utilizes evolutionary theory and/or biological or behavioral genetic methods in the study of the human social group, and The Oxford Handbook of Evolution, Biology, and Society contains an much needed overview of research in the area by sociologists and other social scientists. The examined topics cover a wide variety of issues, including the origins of social solidarity; religious beliefs; sex differences; gender inequality; determinants of human happiness; the nature of social stratification and inequality and its effects; identity, status, and other group processes; race, ethnicity, and race discrimination; fertility and family processes; crime and deviance; and cultural and social change. The scholars whose work is presented in this volume come from a variety of disciplines in addition to sociology, including psychology, political science, and criminology. Yet, as the essays in this volume demonstrate, the potential of theory and methods from biology for illuminating social phenomena is clear, and sociologists stand to gain from learning more about them and using them in their own work. The theory focuses on evolution by natural selection, the primary paradigm of the biological sciences, while the methods include the statistical analyses sociologists are familiar with, as well as other methods that they may not be familiar with, such as behavioral genetic methods, methods for including genetic factors in statistical analyses, gene-wide association studies, candidate gene studies, and methods for testing levels of hormones and other biochemicals in blood and saliva and including these factors in analyses. This work will be of interest to any sociologist with an interest in exploring the interaction of biological and sociological processes. As an introduction to the field it is useful for teaching upper-level or graduate students in sociology or a related social science.