Self organizing Neural Maps The Retinotectal Map and Mechanisms of Neural Development

Self organizing Neural Maps  The Retinotectal Map and Mechanisms of Neural Development
Author: John T. Schmidt
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2019-10-15
ISBN 10: 0128185805
ISBN 13: 9780128185803
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Self organizing Neural Maps The Retinotectal Map and Mechanisms of Neural Development Book Review:

Self-organizing Neural Maps: From Retina to Tectum describes the underlying processes that determine how retinal fibers self-organize into an orderly visual map. The formation of neural maps is a fundamental organizing concept in neurodevelopment that can shed light on developmental mechanisms and the functions of genes elsewhere. The book presents a summary of research in the retinotectal field with an ultimate goal of synthesizing how underlying mechanisms in neural development harmoniously come together to create life. A broad spectrum of neuroscientists and biomedical scientists with differing backgrounds and varied expertise will find this book useful. Describes the mechanisms relating to the developmental wiring of the retinotectal system Brings together the state-of-the-art research in axon guidance and neuronal activity mechanisms in map formation Focuses on topographical maps and inclusion of multiple animal models, from fish to mammals Explores the molecular guidance and activity dependent cue components involved in neurodevelopment

The Self Assembling Brain

The Self Assembling Brain
Author: Peter Robin Hiesinger
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2021-05-04
ISBN 10: 0691181225
ISBN 13: 9780691181226
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Self Assembling Brain Book Review:

"In this book, Peter Robin Hiesinger explores historical and contemporary attempts to understand the information needed to make biological and artificial neural networks. Developmental neurobiologists and computer scientists with an interest in artificial intelligence - driven by the promise and resources of biomedical research on the one hand, and by the promise and advances of computer technology on the other - are trying to understand the fundamental principles that guide the generation of an intelligent system. Yet, though researchers in these disciplines share a common interest, their perspectives and approaches are often quite different. The book makes the case that "the information problem" underlies both fields, driving the questions that are driving forward the frontiers, and aims to encourage cross-disciplinary communication and understanding, to help both fields make progress. The questions that challenge researchers in these fields include the following. How does genetic information unfold during the years-long process of human brain development, and can this be a short-cut to create human-level artificial intelligence? Is the biological brain just messy hardware that can be improved upon by running learning algorithms in computers? Can artificial intelligence bypass evolutionary programming of "grown" networks? These questions are tightly linked, and answering them requires an understanding of how information unfolds algorithmically to generate functional neural networks. Via a series of closely linked "discussions" (fictional dialogues between researchers in different disciplines) and pedagogical "seminars," the author explores the different challenges facing researchers working on neural networks, their different perspectives and approaches, as well as the common ground and understanding to be found amongst those sharing an interest in the development of biological brains and artificial intelligent systems"--

Network

Network
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2005
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCAL:B5036864
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Network Book Review:

Cumulated Index Medicus

Cumulated Index Medicus
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1991
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112042535077
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cumulated Index Medicus Book Review:

Neuro vision Systems

Neuro vision Systems
Author: Madan M. Gupta,George K. Knopf
Publsiher: New York : IEEE Press
Total Pages: 555
Release: 1994
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105010462450
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuro vision Systems Book Review:

Formation and Regeneration of Nerve Connections

Formation and Regeneration of Nerve Connections
Author: SHARMA,FAWCETT
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 260
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 1489967079
ISBN 13: 9781489967077
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Formation and Regeneration of Nerve Connections Book Review:

Federation Proceedings

Federation Proceedings
Author: Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1985
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015010072737
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Federation Proceedings Book Review:

Vols. for 1942- include proceedings of the American Physiological Society.

Annual Review of Psychology

Annual Review of Psychology
Author: Calvin Perry Stone
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1953
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCAL:B4382959
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Annual Review of Psychology Book Review:

Publishes original critical reviews of the significant literature and current developments in psychology.

Models of Neural Networks III

Models of Neural Networks III
Author: Eytan Domany,J. Leo van Hemmen,Klaus Schulten
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 311
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461207231
ISBN 13: 9781461207238
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Models of Neural Networks III Book Review:

One of the most challenging and fascinating problems of the theory of neural nets is that of asymptotic behavior, of how a system behaves as time proceeds. This is of particular relevance to many practical applications. Here we focus on association, generalization, and representation. We turn to the last topic first. The introductory chapter, "Global Analysis of Recurrent Neural Net works," by Andreas Herz presents an in-depth analysis of how to construct a Lyapunov function for various types of dynamics and neural coding. It includes a review of the recent work with John Hopfield on integrate-and fire neurons with local interactions. The chapter, "Receptive Fields and Maps in the Visual Cortex: Models of Ocular Dominance and Orientation Columns" by Ken Miller, explains how the primary visual cortex may asymptotically gain its specific structure through a self-organization process based on Hebbian learning. His argu ment since has been shown to be rather susceptible to generalization.

Spike timing dependent plasticity

Spike timing dependent plasticity
Author: Henry Markram,Wulfram Gerstner,Per Jesper Sjöström
Publsiher: Frontiers E-books
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2021
ISBN 10: 2889190439
ISBN 13: 9782889190430
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Spike timing dependent plasticity Book Review:

Hebb's postulate provided a crucial framework to understand synaptic alterations underlying learning and memory. Hebb's theory proposed that neurons that fire together, also wire together, which provided the logical framework for the strengthening of synapses. Weakening of synapses was however addressed by "not being strengthened", and it was only later that the active decrease of synaptic strength was introduced through the discovery of long-term depression caused by low frequency stimulation of the presynaptic neuron. In 1994, it was found that the precise relative timing of pre and postynaptic spikes determined not only the magnitude, but also the direction of synaptic alterations when two neurons are active together. Neurons that fire together may therefore not necessarily wire together if the precise timing of the spikes involved are not tighly correlated. In the subsequent 15 years, Spike Timing Dependent Plasticity (STDP) has been found in multiple brain brain regions and in many different species. The size and shape of the time windows in which positive and negative changes can be made vary for different brain regions, but the core principle of spike timing dependent changes remain. A large number of theoretical studies have also been conducted during this period that explore the computational function of this driving principle and STDP algorithms have become the main learning algorithm when modeling neural networks. This Research Topic will bring together all the key experimental and theoretical research on STDP.

Adaptive Processes in Visual and Oculomotor Systems

Adaptive Processes in Visual and Oculomotor Systems
Author: Edward L. Keller,David S. Zee
Publsiher: Pergamon
Total Pages: 496
Release: 1986
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015010166901
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adaptive Processes in Visual and Oculomotor Systems Book Review:

Competition and Cooperation in Neural Nets

Competition and Cooperation in Neural Nets
Author: S. Amari,M. A. Arbib
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 441
Release: 2013-03-08
ISBN 10: 3642464661
ISBN 13: 9783642464669
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Competition and Cooperation in Neural Nets Book Review:

The human brain, wi th its hundred billion or more neurons, is both one of the most complex systems known to man and one of the most important. The last decade has seen an explosion of experimental research on the brain, but little theory of neural networks beyond the study of electrical properties of membranes and small neural circuits. Nonetheless, a number of workers in Japan, the United States and elsewhere have begun to contribute to a theory which provides techniques of mathematical analysis and computer simulation to explore properties of neural systems containing immense numbers of neurons. Recently, it has been gradually recognized that rather independent studies of the dynamics of pattern recognition, pattern format::ion, motor control, self-organization, etc. , in neural systems do in fact make use of common methods. We find that a "competition and cooperation" type of interaction plays a fundamental role in parallel information processing in the brain. The present volume brings together 23 papers presented at a U. S. -Japan Joint Seminar on "Competition and Cooperation in Neural Nets" which was designed to catalyze better integration of theory and experiment in these areas. It was held in Kyoto, Japan, February 15-19, 1982, under the joint sponsorship of the U. S. National Science Foundation and the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science. Participants included brain theorists, neurophysiologists, mathematicians, computer scientists, and physicists. There are seven papers from the U. S.

Annual Review of Psychology

Annual Review of Psychology
Author: Mark R. Rosenzweig
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 776
Release: 1987-02
ISBN 10: 9780824302382
ISBN 13: 0824302389
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Annual Review of Psychology Book Review:

Ghosts of Transparency

Ghosts of Transparency
Author: Michael R. Doyle,Selena Savić,Vera Bühlmann
Publsiher: Birkhäuser
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2019-09-23
ISBN 10: 3035619174
ISBN 13: 9783035619171
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ghosts of Transparency Book Review:

In this book, the editors focus on architecture and communication from various different perspectives – taking into account that the term “architecture” is used for buildings as well as in the context of computer software. Data and software also impact on our cities; raw data, however, do not convey any information – in order to generate information and communication they have to be organized and must make sense to the reader. The contributions avoid clear separation of the various communication spheres of their disciplines. Instead, they use the wide range of approaches to explore meanings – an ambitious aim that leaves the destination wide open; the reader is invited to share in this adventure.

Neural Organization

Neural Organization
Author: Michael A. Arbib,Ronald L. Numbers,Fletcher Jones Professor of Computer Science and Professor of Biological Sciences Biomedical Engineering Neuroscience and Psychology Michael A Arbib,Peter Erdi,Péter Érdi,János Szentágothai,Janos Szentagothai,Alice Szentagothai
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 407
Release: 1998
ISBN 10: 9780262011594
ISBN 13: 026201159X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Organization Book Review:

In Neural Organization, Arbib, Erdi, and Szentagothai integrate structural, functional, and dynamical approaches to the interaction of brain models and neurobiologcal experiments. Both structure-based "bottom-up" and function- based "top-down" models offer coherent concepts by which to evaluate the experimental data. The goal of this book is to point out the advantages of a multidisciplinary, multistrategied approach to the brain.Part I of Neural Organization provides a detailed introduction to each of the three areas of structure, function, and dynamics. Structure refers to the anatomical aspects of the brain and the relations between different brain regions. Function refers to skills and behaviors, which are explained by means of functional schemas and biologically based neural networks. Dynamics refers to the use of a mathematical framework to analyze the temporal change of neural activities and synaptic connectivities that underlie brain development and plasticity--in terms of both detailed single-cell models and large-scale network models.In part II, the authors show how their systematic approach can be used to analyze specific parts of the nervous system--the olfactory system, hippocampus, thalamus, cerebral cortex, cerebellum, and basal ganglia--as well as to integrate data from the study of brain regions, functional models, and the dynamics of neural networks. In conclusion, they offer a plan for the use of their methods in the development of cognitive neuroscience."

Adler s Physiology of the Eye

Adler s Physiology of the Eye
Author: Francis Heed Adler
Publsiher: Mosby Incorporated
Total Pages: 876
Release: 2003
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015055923067
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adler s Physiology of the Eye Book Review:

Revised and updated, this tenth edition covers the full range of topics needed to understand all of the complex functions of the eye, including optics, electrophysiology of the retinal system, visual acuity, colour vision, ocular circulation and more.

Principles of Neurobiology

Principles of Neurobiology
Author: Liqun Luo
Publsiher: Garland Science
Total Pages: 734
Release: 2020-09-05
ISBN 10: 1000096807
ISBN 13: 9781000096804
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Neurobiology Book Review:

Principles of Neurobiology, Second Edition presents the major concepts of neuroscience with an emphasis on how we know what we know. The text is organized around a series of key experiments to illustrate how scientific progress is made and helps upper-level undergraduate and graduate students discover the relevant primary literature. Written by a single author in a clear and consistent writing style, each topic builds in complexity from electrophysiology to molecular genetics to systems level in a highly integrative approach. Students can fully engage with the content via thematically linked chapters and will be able to read the book in its entirety in a semester-long course. Principles of Neurobiology is accompanied by a rich package of online student and instructor resources including animations, figures in PowerPoint, and a Question Bank for adopting instructors.

Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation

Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation
Author: Michael Selzer,Stephanie Clarke,Leonardo Cohen,Gert Kwakkel,Robert Miller
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 688
Release: 2014-04-24
ISBN 10: 1107011671
ISBN 13: 9781107011670
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation Book Review:

Volume 1 of the Textbook of Neural Repair and Rehabilitation covers the basic sciences relevant to recovery of function following injury to the nervous system.

Brain and Visual Perception

Brain and Visual Perception
Author: David H. Hubel M.D.,Torsten N. Wiesel M.D.
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 744
Release: 2004-10-14
ISBN 10: 9780198039167
ISBN 13: 0198039166
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Brain and Visual Perception Book Review:

This is the story of a hugely successful and enjoyable 25-year collaboration between two scientists who set out to learn how the brain deals with the signals it receives from the two eyes. Their work opened up a new area of brain research that led to their receiving the Nobel Prize in 1981. The book contains their major papers from 1959 to 1981, each preceded and followed by comments telling how and why the authors went about the study, how the work was received, and what has happened since. It begins with short autobiographies of both men, and describes the state of the field when they started. It is intended not only for neurobiologists, but for anyone interested in how the brain works-biologists, psychologists, philosophers, physicists, historians of science, and students at all levels from high school to graduate level.

The Cadherin Superfamily

The Cadherin Superfamily
Author: Shintaro T. Suzuki,Shinji Hirano
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 428
Release: 2016-06-02
ISBN 10: 4431560335
ISBN 13: 9784431560333
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Cadherin Superfamily Book Review:

This book presents an overview of the entire field of cadherin research and provides the current basic concept of cadherins. Cadherins have been widely accepted as key regulators of animal development and physiological functions, and it also has become clear that they play essential roles in various human diseases. With contributions by leading scientists, the book covers various aspects of the cadherin superfamily including the history of cadherin research, basic properties of classical cadherins as well as non-classical cadherins, cadherin-associated proteins, and the roles of cadherins in health and diseases. In addition, the book presents some contradictory results and important unanswered questions, and the authors propose their working hypotheses or future directions, to inspire future studies. This volume enables graduate students and young researchers to learn the basics and gain a comprehensive image of the cadherin superfamily, and experts in the field will easily find various topics of interest in relevant areas of study. Additionally, a list of cadherin-related diseases is included for quick reference to cadherins in human diseases.