Segregation in Vibrated Granular Systems

Segregation in Vibrated Granular Systems
Author: Anthony D. Rosato,Christopher Windows-Yule
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 318
Release: 2020-06-05
ISBN 10: 0128142006
ISBN 13: 9780128142004
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Segregation in Vibrated Granular Systems Book Review:

Segregation in Vibrated Granular Systems explains the individual mechanisms that influence the segregation of granular media under vibration, along with their interactions. Drawing on research from a wide range of academic disciplines, the book focuses on vibrated granular systems that are used in industry, providing a guide that will solve practical problems and help researchers. The applications of vibration-based segregation in industries, including pharmaceuticals, mining, food and chemical processing are all investigated with appropriate examples. In addition, relevant theory behind the behavior of granular media and segregation processes is explained, along with investigations of the technologies and techniques used. Analyzes all phenomena involved in the vibration-based segregation of bulk solids, including those relating to size, material properties and shape Explores how different segregation mechanisms interact Compares different technologies for investigating granular media, including PIV, MRI and X-ray tomography Explains how to use computational techniques to model the behavior of granular media, including DM, CFD and FEM

IUTAM Symposium on Segregation in Granular Flows

IUTAM Symposium on Segregation in Granular Flows
Author: Anthony D. Rosato,Denis L. Blackmore
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2013-04-17
ISBN 10: 9401594988
ISBN 13: 9789401594981
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

IUTAM Symposium on Segregation in Granular Flows Book Review:

Segregation is a pervasive phenomenon whereby a flowing granular mass consisting of particles with diverse physical properties becomes spatially inhomogeneous. In the industrial sector that deals with the handling and processing of bulk solids, this non-uniformity is highly undesirable since blend homogeneity is generally a stringent requirement of most products. In the arena of geophysical flows, segregation can enhance the destructive capabilities of natural events such as avalanches and landslides. During the last 15 years, these issues have provided motivation and fostered collaborations between the communities of mathematicians, engineers, industrial researchers, and physicists to develop predictive models of segregation by integrating the perspectives and approaches of each. The collection of unique papers brings to light many of the perplexing scientific and technical issues in our current understanding of this complex phenomenon. It addresses advances in experiment, computational modeling and theory. This volume is one of the very few books devoted entirely to problems of segregation of particulate solids.

Unifying Concepts in Granular Media and Glasses

Unifying Concepts in Granular Media and Glasses
Author: Antonio Coniglio,Annalisa Fierro,Hans J. Herrmann,Mario Nicodemi
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 232
Release: 2004-06-30
ISBN 10: 9780080474687
ISBN 13: 0080474683
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Unifying Concepts in Granular Media and Glasses Book Review:

Deep connections are emerging in the physics of non-thermal systems,such as granular media, and other "complex systems" such as glass formers, spin glasses, colloids or gels. This book discusses the unifying physical theories, developed in recent years, for the description of these systems. The special focus of the book is on recent important developments in the formulation of a Statistical Mechanics approach to granular media and the description of out-of-equilibrium dynamics, such as "jamming" phenomena, ubiquitous in these "complex systems". The book collects contributions from leading researchers in these fields, providing both an introduction, at a graduate level, to these rapidly developing subjects and featuring an up to date, self contained, presentation of theoretical and experimental developments for researchers in areas ranging from Chemistry, to Engineering and Physical Sciences. · the book discusses very hot topics in physical sciences · it includes contributions from the most prominent researchers in the area · it is clearly written and self contained

Introduction To Soft Matter Physics

Introduction To Soft Matter Physics
Author: Zhou Luwei
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2019-02-26
ISBN 10: 9813275111
ISBN 13: 9789813275119
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction To Soft Matter Physics Book Review:

Soft matters differ from hard ones essentially due to former's relatively weak interaction which is comparable to kBTrm (Trm = room temperature) — this results in the major characteristics of soft matters such as 'strong reactions upon weak actions'.Developed over a period of 10 years through soft matter physics lectures for both graduate and undergraduate students in Fudan University, this textbook not only concentrates on the basic interactions inside soft matters through a reductionist approach, but also introduces the exploratory works on the complexity of soft matters in methods of system science.Other important topics in soft matter physics which are included involve static and dynamic electrorheological (ER) effects — an important 'model animal' in the subject, granular media — which explains the thermodynamics of sands and its dynamics, and the Onsager principle of least energy dissipation rate which has been adapted in this textbook to see how it governs the optimal paths of a system's deviation from and restoration to equilibrium.The subject of soft matter physics is still in its infancy, making it highly exciting and attractive. If you like a challenging subject, you will most certainly fall in love with soft matter physics at first read!

Theoretical Chemical Engineering Abstracts

Theoretical Chemical Engineering Abstracts
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1984
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105211447433
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Theoretical Chemical Engineering Abstracts Book Review:

Dynamics in Small Confining Systems IV Volume 543

Dynamics in Small Confining Systems IV  Volume 543
Author: J. M. Drake,G. S. Grest,J. Klafter,R. Kopelman
Publsiher: Materials Research Society
Total Pages: 372
Release: 1999-07-15
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822027890490
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Dynamics in Small Confining Systems IV Volume 543 Book Review:

This book, the fourth in a series from the Materials Research Society, follows the tradition of earlier volumes in the series and covers a broad range of topics relating to structure and dynamics under geometric restrictions. Emphasis is on methods of probing confined systems, diffusion in porous media, polymers and membranes, dielectric and mechanical relaxation in nanopores, rheology and friction studies of embedded liquids, and properties of dendrimer supermolecules. Participants from many varied disciplines share their points of view on the fundamental questions of how spatial restrictions modify a system to behave significantly different than in bulk, how this difference relates to the molecular properties, and how it can be probed.

Physics of Dry Granular Media

Physics of Dry Granular Media
Author: H.J. Herrmann,J.-P. Hovi,S. Luding
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 712
Release: 2013-06-29
ISBN 10: 9401726531
ISBN 13: 9789401726535
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physics of Dry Granular Media Book Review:

Dry granular materials, such as sand, sugar and powders, can be poured into a container like a liquid and can also form a pile, resisting gravity like a solid, which is why they can be regarded as a fourth state of matter, neither solid nor liquid. This book focuses on defining the physics of dry granular media in a systematic way, providing a collection of articles written by recognised experts. The physics of this field is new and full of challenges, but many questions (such as kinetic theories, plasticity, continuum and discrete modelling) also require the strong participation of mechanical and chemical engineers, soil mechanists, geologists and astrophysicists. The book gathers into a single volume the relevant concepts from all these disciplines, enabling the reader to gain a rapid understanding of the foundations, as well as the open questions, of the physics of granular materials. The contributors have been chosen particularly for their ability to explain new concepts, making the book attractive to students or researchers contemplating a foray into the field. The breadth of the treatment, on the other hand, makes the book a useful reference for scientists who are already experienced in the subject.

Granular Gases

Granular Gases
Author: Thorsten Pöschel,Stefan Luding
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 457
Release: 2008-01-11
ISBN 10: 3540445064
ISBN 13: 9783540445067
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Granular Gases Book Review:

"Granular Gases" are diluted many-particle systems in which the mean free path of the particles is much larger than the typical particle size, and where particle collisions occur dissipatively. The dissipation of kinetic energy can lead to effects such as the formation of clusters, anomalous diffusion and characteristic shock waves to name but a few. The book is organized as follows: Part I comprises the rigorous theoretical results for the dilute limit. The detailed properties of binary collisions are described in Part II. Part III contains experimental investigations of granular gases. Large-scale behaviour as found in astrophysical systems is discussed in Part IV. Part V, finally, deals with possible generalizations for dense granular systems.

Powders and Grains 2005 Two Volume Set

Powders and Grains 2005  Two Volume Set
Author: R. Garcia-Rojo,H.J. Herrmann,Sean McNamara
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 1510
Release: 2005-07-01
ISBN 10: 0415889421
ISBN 13: 9780415889421
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Powders and Grains 2005 Two Volume Set Book Review:

This volume contains the proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on the Micromechanics of Granular Media, Powders and Grains 2005. Powders and Grains is an international scientific conference held every 4 years that brings together engineers and physicists interested in the micromechanics of granular media.The book is a guide to the hotte

Wet Granular Matter

Wet Granular Matter
Author: Stephan Herminghaus
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 332
Release: 2013-08-29
ISBN 10: 9814417718
ISBN 13: 9789814417716
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Wet Granular Matter Book Review:

This is a monograph written for the young and advanced researcher who is entering the field of wet granular matter and keen to understand the basic physical principles governing this state of soft matter. It treats wet granulates as an instance of a ternary system, consisting of the grains, a primary, and a secondary fluid. After addressing wetting phenomena in general and outlining the basic facts on dry granular systems, a chapter on basic mechanisms and their effects is dedicated to every region of the ternary phase diagram. Effects of grain shape and roughness are considered as well. Rather than addressing engineering aspects such as existing books on this topic do, the book aims to provide a generalized framework suitable for those who want to understand these systems on a more fundamental basis. Contents:IntroductionGrains and Granular FluidsWettingCapillary ForcesWet Granular GasesWet Granular PilesSpecial Topics Readership: For the young and advanced researcher entering the field of wet granular matter. Keywords:Granular Matter;Wetting;Phase Transitions;Collective Phenomena;Rheology;GeoscienceKey Features:Provides a unique, fundamental science approach to an important material class which has formerly been treated solely as an engineering topicAddresses a broad readership, from advanced physics students to application-oriented engineersProvides a unified view of aspects treated separately so far

Rotary Kilns

Rotary Kilns
Author: Akwasi A Boateng
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2011-03-31
ISBN 10: 0080557120
ISBN 13: 9780080557120
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rotary Kilns Book Review:

Rotary Kilns—rotating industrial drying ovens—are used for a wide variety of applications including processing raw minerals and feedstocks as well as heat-treating hazardous wastes. They are particularly critical in the manufacture of Portland cement. Their design and operation is critical to their efficient usage, which if done incorrectly can result in improperly treated materials and excessive, high fuel costs. This professional reference book will be the first comprehensive book in many years that treats all engineering aspects of rotary kilns, including a thorough grounding in the thermal and fluid principles involved in their operation, as well as how to properly design an engineering process that uses rotary kilns. Chapter 1: The Rotary Kiln Evolution & Phenomenon Chapter 2: Basic Description of Rotary Kiln Operation Chapter 3: Freeboard Aerodynamic Phenomena Chapter 4: Granular Flows in Rotary Kilns Chapter 5: Mixing & Segregation Chapter 6: Combustion and Flame Chapter 7: Freeboard Heat Transfer Chapter 8: Heat Transfer Processes in the Rotary Kiln Bed Chapter 9: Mass & Energy Balance Chapter 10: Rotary Kiln Minerals Process Applications ·Covers fluid flow, granular flow, mixing and segregation, and aerodynamics during turbulent mixing and recirculation ·Offers hard-to-find guidance on fuels used for rotary kilns, including fuel options such as natural gas versus coal-fired rotary kilns ·Explains principles of combustion and flame control, heat transfer and heating and material balances

The Properties of Fresh Concrete

The Properties of Fresh Concrete
Author: Treval Clifford Powers
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 664
Release: 1968
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015002026824
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Properties of Fresh Concrete Book Review:

Granular Patterns

Granular Patterns
Author: Igor Aranson,Lev Tsimring
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 343
Release: 2009-03-12
ISBN 10: 0199534411
ISBN 13: 9780199534418
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Granular Patterns Book Review:

Despite seeming simplicity of granular materials, their physical properties are very different from conventional solids, liquids and gases due to the dissipative and highly nonlinear nature of forces among grains. This leads to a rich diversity of patterns which emerge in granular materials upon external excitation, which includes ripples, avalanches, or bands of segregated materials. This book presents a comprehensive review of experiments and novel theoreticalconcepts needed to understand the mechanisms of pattern formation in granular materials. The unique feature of our book is that we make a strong effort to connect concepts and ideas developed ingranular physics with new emergent fields, especially in biology, such as cytoskeleton dynamics, molecular motors transport, organization of active (self-propelled) particles and dynamic self-assembly.

Proceedings of the Technical Program

Proceedings of the Technical Program
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1982
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112107826353
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Proceedings of the Technical Program Book Review:

Information Circular

Information Circular
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1973
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822009767393
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Information Circular Book Review:

Physical Review

Physical Review
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2000-12
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39076002065659
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physical Review Book Review:

Granular Matter

Granular Matter
Author: Anita Mehta
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 306
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 1461242908
ISBN 13: 9781461242901
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Granular Matter Book Review:

Powders have been studied extensively because they arise in a wide variety of fields, ranging from soil mechanics to manufacture of pharmaceuticals. Only recently, however, with the deepening understanding of fractals, chaos, 1/f noise, and self-organization, has it been useful to study the mechanical properties of powders from a fundamental physical perspective. This book collects articles by some of the foremost researchers in the field, including chapters on: the role of entropy in the specification of a powder, by S.F. Edwards (Cambridge); discrete mechanics, by P.K. Haff (Duke); computer simulations of granular materials, by G.C. Barker (Norwich); pattern formation and complexity in granular flow, by R.P. Behringer and G.W. Baxter (Duke); avalanches in real sand piles, by A. Mehta (Birmingham); micromechanical models of failure, by M.J. Adams (Unilever) and B.J. Briscoe (Imperial College); mixing and segregation in particle flows, by J. Bridgwater (Birmingham); and hard-sphere colloidal suspensions, by P. Bartlett (Bristol) and W. van Megen (Melbourne).

Chemical Engineering Progress

Chemical Engineering Progress
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2005
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822033940214
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Chemical Engineering Progress Book Review:

Thermal Transport in Suspensions of Gases and Agitated Solids

Thermal Transport in Suspensions of Gases and Agitated Solids
Author: Xinglong Chen
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 364
Release: 2006
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: CORNELL:31924104717107
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermal Transport in Suspensions of Gases and Agitated Solids Book Review:

In this research, we investigate thermal transport in suspensions of gases and agitated solid particles by methods of theory, numerical simulation and experiment. We consider one-dimensional heat transfer across a collisional granular flow driven by external agitation, such as shearing and vibration. Using these methods, we find that the overall heat transfer across the collisional granular flows can be greatly enhanced by the self-diffusion of the solid phase, the thermal interaction between the two phases, and the gas phase mixing enhancement induced by the solid phase motion. Based on separate gas and solid phase temperatures, we propose a theory that incorporates different aspects of heat transfer mechanism in the confined granular flow, including the effects of particle Reynolds number, spatial variation in local "volume-averaged" volume fraction, and the spatial variation in the exposed particle surface area per unit volume in the near-wall region. In the "diffusion" limit, our theory is also able to capture the behavior of the effective thermal conductivity of nanofluids. It explains the importance of Brownian motion in the heat transfer enhancement of nanofluids. The theory also predicts the dependence of effective thermal conductivity on nano-particle size and suspension temperature. We prescribe appropriate procedures to extract heat transfer rates in experiments. With the latter, we observe significant overall heat transfer enhancement for all solid volume fraction under all vibration intensities. For high agitation level and high volume fraction, the heat transfer across the granular material is an order of magnitude higher than the conduction by pure gas, and increases with particle agitation. Our experiments also reveal the role played by the material and diameter of the solid particles in enhancing heat transfer. The theory predicts the corresponding dependence on material conductivity of the solids, volume fraction and agitation.

Droplet Wetting and Evaporation

Droplet Wetting and Evaporation
Author: David Brutin
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2015-05-11
ISBN 10: 0128008083
ISBN 13: 9780128008089
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Droplet Wetting and Evaporation Book Review:

Droplet Wetting and Evaporation provides engineers, students, and researchers with the first comprehensive guide to the theory and applications of droplet wetting and evaporation. Beginning with a relevant theoretical background, the book moves on to consider specific aspects, including heat transfer, flow instabilities, and the drying of complex fluid droplets. Each chapter covers the principles of the subject, addressing corresponding practical issues and problems. The text is ideal for a broad range of domains, from aerospace and materials, to biomedical applications, comprehensively relaying the challenges and approaches from the different communities leading the way in droplet research and development. Provides a broad, cross-subject coverage of theory and application that is ideal for engineers, students and researchers who need to follow all major developments in this interdisciplinary field Includes comprehensive discussions of heat transfer, flow instabilities, and the drying of complex fluid droplets Begins with an accessible summary of fundamental theory before moving on to specific areas such as heat transfer, flow instabilities, and the drying of complex fluid droplets