RNA Based Regulation in Human Health and Disease

RNA Based Regulation in Human Health and Disease
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 444
Release: 2020-08-19
ISBN 10: 0128171944
ISBN 13: 9780128171943
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

RNA Based Regulation in Human Health and Disease Book Review:

RNA-based Regulation in Human Health and Disease offers an in-depth exploration of RNA mediated genome regulation at different hierarchies. Beginning with multitude of canonical and non-canonical RNA populations, especially noncoding RNA in human physiology and evolution, further sections examine the various classes of RNAs (from small to large noncoding and extracellular RNAs), functional categories of RNA regulation (RNA-binding proteins, alternative splicing, RNA editing, antisense transcripts and RNA G-quadruplexes), dynamic aspects of RNA regulation modulating physiological homeostasis (aging), role of RNA beyond humans, tools and technologies for RNA research (wet lab and computational) and future prospects for RNA-based diagnostics and therapeutics. One of the core strengths of the book includes spectrum of disease-specific chapters from experts in the field highlighting RNA-based regulation in metabolic & neurodegenerative disorders, cancer, inflammatory disease, viral and bacterial infections. We hope the book helps researchers, students and clinicians appreciate the role of RNA-based regulation in genome regulation, aiding the development of useful biomarkers for prognosis, diagnosis, and novel RNA-based therapeutics. Comprehensive information of non-canonical RNA-based genome regulation modulating human health and disease Defines RNA classes with special emphasis on unexplored world of noncoding RNA at different hierarchies Disease specific role of RNA - causal, prognostic, diagnostic and therapeutic Features contributions from leading experts in the field

RNA Regulation in Development and Disease

RNA Regulation in Development and Disease
Author: Maritza Jaramillo,Pascal Chartrand,Chiara Gamberi
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2020-06-15
ISBN 10: 2889637891
ISBN 13: 9782889637898
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

RNA Regulation in Development and Disease Book Review:

microRNA Regulation in Health and Disease

microRNA Regulation in Health and Disease
Author: Clifford J. Steer,Subbaya Subramanian
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2020-02-21
ISBN 10: 3039217143
ISBN 13: 9783039217144
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

microRNA Regulation in Health and Disease Book Review:

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small regulatory RNAs that play a crucial role in posttranscriptional gene regulation. Over two thousand miRNAs have been identified in humans, and many of them are conserved in other species. miRNAs are implicated in fundamental cellular functions, including development and disease. In the last decade, there has been an overwhelming amount of data contributing to the understanding of miRNA biogenesis and their target genes. Moreover, a significant amount of work has been carried out in developing miRNA biomarkers and therapeutics for various disease conditions. RNA-based markers and therapeutics have been proven to have a clinical impact, and many of these miRNA-based therapies are at various stages of human clinical trials and clinical applications. Notably, miRNAs are also found in exosomes, and are considered to impart intercellular communication and function via several different modalities, including tunneling nanotubes. In spite of our understanding of miRNA biology and function, there are many challenges in effectively using miRNAs as biomarkers and therapeutic agents in clinical applications. In this Special Issue, we are inviting reviews, perspectives, and original research articles to address some of these challenges. Topics will include, but are not limited to, miRNA biogenesis, clinical applications, extracellular function, biomarkers, miRNA immune regulation, signaling pathways, and preclinical models.

Epigenetics and Reproductive Health

Epigenetics and Reproductive Health
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 444
Release: 2020-09-12
ISBN 10: 0128197544
ISBN 13: 9780128197547
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics and Reproductive Health Book Review:

Epigenetics and Reproductive Health, a new volume in the Translational Epigenetics series, provides a thorough overview and discussion of epigenetics in reproduction and implications for reproductive medicine. Twenty international researchers discuss epigenetic mechanisms operating during the formation of male and female gametes, fertilization and subsequent embryo and placental development, particularly in mammals and transgenerational epigenetic inheritance. This volume also addresses aberrant epigenetic changes influencing male and female infertility, pregnancy related disorders, and those potentially linked to therapeutic manipulations and assisted reproductive technologies. Emphasis is placed on identifying biomarkers for early detection of aberrant epigenetic mechanisms. Later chapters examine the possibility of correcting these epigenetic dysfunctions, as well as current challenges and next steps in research, enabling new translational discoveries and efforts towards developing therapeutics. Thoroughly examines the influence of aberrant epigenetics during gametogenesis and embryogenesis, affecting parents, gametes and embryos, offspring and future generations Explores health outcomes for reproductive senescence, endocrine disruption, testicular cancer, prostrate cancer, breast cancer, ovarian, cancer, endometrial cancer and cervical cancers Features chapter contributions from international researchers in the field

Epigenetics of the Immune System

Epigenetics of the Immune System
Author: Dieter Kabelitz,Jaydeep Bhat
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 384
Release: 2020-06-04
ISBN 10: 0128179651
ISBN 13: 9780128179659
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics of the Immune System Book Review:

Epigenetics of the Immune System focuses on different aspects of epigenetics and immunology, providing readers with the fundamental mechanisms relating to epigenetics and the immune system. This book provides in-depth information on immune cells as a toolbox in deciphering systematically regulated mechanisms using "omics" and computational biology approaches. In addition, the book presents the translational importance of epigenetics and the immune system in our understanding of pathophysiology in diseases and its therapeutic applications. Provides an overview of most important immune mechanisms, the current status of epigenetics, and how both of them are brought together Presents key principles of immune mechanisms in epigenetics, presenting current findings and key principles Features in-depth chapter contributions from a wide range of international researchers and specialists in immunology, translational medicine and epigenetics Merges two very large areas, covering the unique interrelatedness of epigenetics and immunology

Epigenetics Methods

Epigenetics Methods
Author: Trygve Tollefsbol
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 736
Release: 2020-07-08
ISBN 10: 0128194154
ISBN 13: 9780128194157
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetics Methods Book Review:

In recent years, the field of epigenetics has grown significantly, driving new understanding of human developmental processes and disease expression, as well as advances in diagnostics and therapeutics. As the field of epigenetics continues to grow, methods and technologies have multiplied, resulting in a wide range of approaches and tools researchers might employ. Epigenetics Methods offers comprehensive instruction in methods, protocols, and experimental approaches applied in field of epigenetics. Here, across thirty-five chapters, specialists offer step-by-step overviews of methods used to study various epigenetic mechanisms, as employed in basic and translational research. Leading the reader from fundamental to more advanced methods, the book begins with thorough instruction in DNA methylation techniques and gene or locus-specific methylation analyses, followed by histone modification methods, chromatin evaluation, enzyme analyses of histone methylation, and studies of non-coding RNAs as epigenetic modulators. Recently developed techniques and technologies discussed include single-cell epigenomics, epigenetic editing, computational epigenetics, systems biology epigenetic methods, and forensic epigenetic approaches. Epigenetics methods currently in-development, and their implication for future research, are also considered in-depth. In addition, as with the wider life sciences, reproducibility across experiments, labs, and subdisciplines is a growing issue for epigenetics researchers. This volume provides consensus-driven methods instruction and overviews. Tollefsbol and contributing authors survey the range of existing methods; identify best practices, common themes, and challenges; and bring unity of approach to a diverse and ever-evolving field. Includes contributions by leading international investigators involved in epigenetic research and clinical and therapeutic application Integrates technology and translation with fundamental chapters on epigenetics methods, as well as chapters on more novel and advanced epigenetics methods Written at verbal and technical levels that can be understood by scientists and students alike Includes chapters on state-of-the-art techniques such as single-cell epigenomics, use of CRISPR/Cas9 for epigenetic editing, and epigenetics methods applied to forensics

microRNA Regulation in Health and Disease

microRNA Regulation in Health and Disease
Author: Clifford Steer,Subree Subramanian
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 154
Release: 2020
ISBN 10: 9783039217151
ISBN 13: 3039217151
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

microRNA Regulation in Health and Disease Book Review:

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small regulatory RNAs that play a crucial role in posttranscriptional gene regulation. Over two thousand miRNAs have been identified in humans, and many of them are conserved in other species. miRNAs are implicated in fundamental cellular functions, including development and disease. In the last decade, there has been an overwhelming amount of data contributing to the understanding of miRNA biogenesis and their target genes. Moreover, a significant amount of work has been carried out in developing miRNA biomarkers and therapeutics for various disease conditions. RNA-based markers and therapeutics have been proven to have a clinical impact, and many of these miRNA-based therapies are at various stages of human clinical trials and clinical applications. Notably, miRNAs are also found in exosomes, and are considered to impart intercellular communication and function via several different modalities, including tunneling nanotubes. In spite of our understanding of miRNA biology and function, there are many challenges in effectively using miRNAs as biomarkers and therapeutic agents in clinical applications. In this Special Issue, we are inviting reviews, perspectives, and original research articles to address some of these challenges. Topics will include, but are not limited to, miRNA biogenesis, clinical applications, extracellular function, biomarkers, miRNA immune regulation, signaling pathways, and preclinical models.

Engineering Synthetic Ligand responsive RNA Devices for Controlling the Cell Cycle

Engineering Synthetic Ligand responsive RNA Devices for Controlling the Cell Cycle
Author: Kathy Yufeng Wei
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2015
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:919018522
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Engineering Synthetic Ligand responsive RNA Devices for Controlling the Cell Cycle Book Review:

Synthetic biology aims to program cells by applying engineering principles to the design of genetic circuits to control and monitor cellular behavior. Programmed cells can harness existing dynamically coordinated biologically processes to rescue cellular malfunctions, control existing cellular morphology, and introduce useful novel functionality. Recent advances in the field are leading to genetic circuits of higher-order complexity in mammalian cells, which may ultimately be used to study and reprogram phenotypes that play a key role in human health and disease, such as those linked to the cell cycle. RNA-based control devices can provide specific and modular control of gene expression in response to endogenous or exogenous inputs in living cells. Specifically, we show that for a ribozyme-based device platform, ribozyme switches previously prototyped in yeast are able to regulate gene expression in a predictable (R-squared = 0.63--0.97), ligand-responsive manner in human HEK 293, HeLa, and U2-OS cell lines without any change to device sequence nor further optimization. We also show that these simple, general-purpose components (an RNA ribozyme coupled to an RNA aptamer) are a compact (~200 nt) and effective way to control a complex phenomenon such as arresting up to 80% of a population of mammalian cells in the G2/M phase of the cell cycle. Current methods for altering cell cycle progression can present a number of limitations, including exhibiting specificity towards particular cell types, being broadly disruptive of cellular processes, and being limited in capacity to extend to different networks. A genetically encoded system supporting control over cell cycle progression has the potential to address limitations with existing chemical approaches. Further, these switches are modular and readily adapted to arrest cells in the G0/1 phase of the cell cycle and in response to at least two different small molecule inputs. This work describes the first example of the application of synthetic RNA-based gene-control devices to the regulation of cell cycle progression in human cells. We further show that siRNAs can induce the arrest of> 90% of a population of cells in the G0/1 phase of the cell cycle. This indicates the potential to build miRNA-based devices to control the cell cycle that complement the ribozyme-based approaches. Thus, ligand-responsive RNAs represent a class of synthetic biology tools that are both genetically encoded and capable of regulating intracellular protein levels in response to user-specified molecular signals, and can be adapted for sophisticated control of complex processes in human cells.

Molecular Biology of the Cell

Molecular Biology of the Cell
Author: Bruce Alberts
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9780815332183
ISBN 13: 0815332181
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Molecular Biology of the Cell Book Review:

The mRNA Metabolism in Human Disease

The mRNA Metabolism in Human Disease
Author: Luísa Romão
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2019-08-08
ISBN 10: 9783030199654
ISBN 13: 3030199657
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The mRNA Metabolism in Human Disease Book Review:

The eukaryotic gene expression pathway involves a number of interlinked steps, with messenger RNA (mRNA) being the key intermediate. The precursor mRNA is transcribed from DNA, processed by removal of introns and addition of the cap structure and the poly(A) tail. The mature mRNA is then exported to the cytoplasm where it is translated into protein and finally degraded. In this process, mRNA is associated with RNA-binding proteins forming ribonucleoprotein complexes, whose protein content evolves throughout the lifetime of the mRNA. While the complexity of eukaryotic gene expression allows the production of proteins to be controlled at many levels, it also makes the process vulnerable to errors. Although eukaryotic cells have evolved elaborate mRNA quality control mechanisms that ensure the fidelity of gene expression, some defects are not detected, thus affecting mRNA metabolism. This condition plays a fundamental role in the pathogenesis of several disease processes, such as neurodegeneration and oncogenesis. Besides, exciting recent data have shown that cellular RNAs can be modified post-transcriptionally via dynamic and reversible chemical modifications, the so-called epitranscriptome. These modifications can alter mRNA structure, being able to modulate different steps of the mRNA metabolism that can be associated with various human diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus and cancer. This book provides a collection of novel studies and hypotheses aimed to define the pathophysiological consequences of altered mRNA metabolism events in human cells, and is written for a wide spectrum of readers in the field of gene expression regulation. The last chapter highlights how the discovery of disease-causing defects (or modifications) in mRNA can provide a variety of therapeutic targets that can be used for the development of new RNA-based therapeutics. Hopefully, it may also contribute to inspire the drug-developing scientific community.

Gene Expression and Regulation in Mammalian Cells

Gene Expression and Regulation in Mammalian Cells
Author: Fumiaki Uchiumi
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 372
Release: 2018-02-28
ISBN 10: 9535138677
ISBN 13: 9789535138679
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gene Expression and Regulation in Mammalian Cells Book Review:

Sixty years after the "central dogma," great achievements have been developed in molecular biology. We have also learned the important functions of noncoding RNAs and epigenetic regulations. More importantly, whole genome sequencing and transcriptome analyses enabled us to diagnose specific diseases. This book is not only intended for students and researchers working in laboratory but also physicians and pharmacists. This volume consists of 14 chapters, divided into 4 parts. Each chapter is written by experts investigating biological stresses, epigenetic regulation, and functions of transcription factors in human diseases. All articles presented in this volume by excellent investigators provide new insights into the studies in transcriptional control in mammalian cells and will inspire us to develop or establish novel therapeutics against human diseases.

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation
Author: Suming Huang,Michael D Litt,C. Ann Blakey
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 482
Release: 2015-10-19
ISBN 10: 0128004711
ISBN 13: 9780128004715
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation Book Review:

Epigenetic Gene Expression and Regulation reviews current knowledge on the heritable molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, contribute to disease susceptibility, and point to potential treatment in future therapies. The book shows how these heritable mechanisms allow individual cells to establish stable and unique patterns of gene expression that can be passed through cell divisions without DNA mutations, thereby establishing how different heritable patterns of gene regulation control cell differentiation and organogenesis, resulting in a distinct human organism with a variety of differing cellular functions and tissues. The work begins with basic biology, encompasses methods, cellular and tissue organization, topical issues in epigenetic evolution and environmental epigenesis, and lastly clinical disease discovery and treatment. Each highly illustrated chapter is organized to briefly summarize current research, provide appropriate pedagogical guidance, pertinent methods, relevant model organisms, and clinical examples. Reviews current knowledge on the heritable molecular mechanisms that regulate gene expression, contribute to disease susceptibility, and point to potential treatment in future therapies Helps readers understand how epigenetic marks are targeted, and to what extent transgenerational epigenetic changes are instilled and possibly passed onto offspring Chapters are replete with clinical examples to empower the basic biology with translational significance Offers more than 100 illustrations to distill key concepts and decipher complex science

Evidence Based Nutrition and Clinical Evidence of Bioactive Foods in Human Health and Disease

Evidence Based Nutrition and Clinical Evidence of Bioactive Foods in Human Health and Disease
Author: Asim K. Duttaroy
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 472
Release: 2021-07-08
ISBN 10: 0128221941
ISBN 13: 9780128221945
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evidence Based Nutrition and Clinical Evidence of Bioactive Foods in Human Health and Disease Book Review:

Evidence-Based Nutrition and Clinical Evidence of Bioactive Foods in Human Health and Disease explores a wide range of studies from clinical investigations to mechanistic research, covering the actions of bioactives on specific tissues and cells in intestinal, neurological, immunological and cardiovascular health and disease, including cancers. The book also focuses on metabolism, mechanisms of actions, tissue-specific effects, and the structure–function relationships between clinical trial, ex vivo and in vitro data. Written for nutrition researchers, clinical researchers, dieticians, and others working in and studying health-related fields, this book highlights the concepts surrounding the preventive and therapeutic impacts of bioactive foods. Presents information on the prevention of disease using bioactive compounds Consolidates the research outcome from a variety of sources on specific bioactive foods Contains coverage of bioactive lipids and lipid mediators, bioactive phytochemicals, probiotics, bioactive proteins, peptides, polysaccharides, fibers and sphingolipids

Redox Genome Interactions in Health and Disease

Redox Genome Interactions in Health and Disease
Author: Jürgen Fuchs,Maurizio Podda,Lester Packer
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2003-09-12
ISBN 10: 0824756614
ISBN 13: 9780824756611
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Redox Genome Interactions in Health and Disease Book Review:

At the nexus of advances in molecular genetics and findings in redox biology, this volume elaborates on the dynamics governing cellular redox states and aggregates the body of evidence linking oxidative stress and redox modulation with a host of monogenetic and polygenetic diseases.

Medical Epigenetics

Medical Epigenetics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 970
Release: 2021-08-27
ISBN 10: 0128243260
ISBN 13: 9780128243268
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medical Epigenetics Book Review:

Medical Epigenetics, Second Edition provides a comprehensive analysis of epigenetics in health management, across a broad spectrum of disease categories and specialties, and with a focus on human systems, epigenetic diseases that affect these systems, and evolving modes of epigenetic-based treatment. Here, more than 40 leading researchers examine how each human system is affected by epigenetic maladies, offering an all-in-one resource on medical epigenetics not only for those directly involved with health care, but investigators in life sciences, biotech companies, graduate students, and others who are interested in applied aspects of epigenetics. Incorporating both diagnostic and prognostic epigenetic approaches, this volume also fully supports the application of epigenetics in precision medicine. This second edition of Medical Epigenetics, a volume in the Translational Epigenetics series, has been fully revised to address recent advances in disease epigenetics and role of epigenetics in precision medicine, with all-new chapters on skin cancer epigenetics, network analysis in medical epigenetics, machine learning in epigenetic diseases, and clinical trials of epigenetics drugs. Features chapters from leading researchers and clinicians dedicated to the burgeoning role of epigenetics in medical practice Covers emerging topics, including twin epigenetics, as well as epigenetics of gastrointestinal disease, muscle disorders, endocrine disorders, ocular medicine, pediatric diseases, sports medicine, noncoding RNA therapeutics, pain management and regenerative medicine Organized from system disorders to multi-system disorders that involve epigenetic aberrations Examines the role of epigenetics in precision medicine

RNA and DNA Diagnostics

RNA and DNA Diagnostics
Author: Volker A. Erdmann,Stefan Jurga,Jan Barciszewski
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 349
Release: 2015-06-10
ISBN 10: 3319173057
ISBN 13: 9783319173054
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

RNA and DNA Diagnostics Book Review:

The aim of molecular diagnostics is preferentially to detect a developing disease before any symptoms appear. There has been a significant increase, fueled by technologies from the human genome project, in the availability of nucleic acid sequence information for all living organisms including bacteria and viruses. When combined with a different type of instrumentation applied, the resulting diagnostics is specific and sensitive. Nucleic acid-based medical diagnosis detects specific DNAs or RNAs from the infecting organism or virus and a specific gene or the expression of a gene associated with a disease. Nucleic acid approaches also stimulate a basic science by opening lines of inquiry that will lead to greater understanding of the molecules at the center of life. One can follow Richard Feynman’s famous statement “What I cannot create, I do not understand.”

Medical Epigenetics

Medical Epigenetics
Author: Trygve Tollefsbol
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 924
Release: 2016-06-21
ISBN 10: 0128032405
ISBN 13: 9780128032404
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medical Epigenetics Book Review:

Medical Epigenetics provides a comprehensive analysis of the importance of epigenetics to health management. The purpose of this book is to fill a current need for a comprehensive volume on the medical aspects of epigenetics with a focus on human systems, epigenetic diseases that affect these systems and modes of treating epigenetic-based disorders and diseases. The intent of this book is to provide a stand-alone comprehensive volume that will cover all human systems relevant to epigenetic maladies and all major aspects of medical epigenetics. The overall goal is to provide the leading book on medical epigenetics that will be useful not only to physicians, nurses, medical students and many others directly involved with health care, but also investigators in life sciences, biotech companies, graduate students and many others who are interested in more applied aspects of epigenetics. Research in the area of translational epigenetics is a cornerstone of this volume. Critical reviews dedicated to the burgeoning role of epigenetics in medical practice Coverage of emerging topics including twin epigenetics as well as epigenetics of gastrointestinal disease, muscle disorders, endocrine disorders, ocular medicine, pediatric diseases, sports medicine, noncoding RNA therapeutics, pain management and regenerative medicine Encompasses a disease-oriented perspective of medical epigenetics as well as diagnostic and prognostic epigenetic approaches to applied medicine

CRISPR and RNAi Systems

CRISPR and RNAi Systems
Author: Kamel A. Abd-Elsalam,Ki-Taek Lim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 840
Release: 2021-02-27
ISBN 10: 0128219114
ISBN 13: 9780128219119
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

CRISPR and RNAi Systems Book Review:

Plants are vulnerable to pathogens including fungi, bacteria, and viruses, which cause critical problems and deficits. Crop protection by plant breeding delivers a promising solution with no obvious effect on human health or the local ecosystem. Crop improvement has been the most powerful approach for producing unique crop cultivars since domestication occurred, making possible the main innovations in feeding the globe and community development. Genome editing is one of the genetic devices that can be implemented, and disease resistance is frequently cited as the most encouraging application of CRISPR/Cas9 technology in agriculture. Nanobiotechnology has harnessed the power of genome editing to develop agricultural crops. Nanosized DNA or RNA nanotechnology approaches could contribute to raising the stability and performance of CRISPR guide RNAs. This book brings together the latest research in these areas. CRISPR and RNAi Systems: Nanobiotechnology Approaches to Plant Breeding and Protection presents a complete understanding of the RNAi and CRISPR/Cas9 techniques for controlling mycotoxins, fighting plant nematodes, and detecting plant pathogens. CRISPR/Cas genome editing enables efficient targeted modification in most crops, thus promising to accelerate crop improvement. CRISPR/Cas9 can be used for management of plant insects, and various plant pathogens. The book is an important reference source for both plant scientists and environmental scientists who want to understand how nano biotechnologically based approaches are being used to create more efficient plant protection and plant breeding systems. Shows how nanotechnology is being used as the basis for new solutions for more efficient plant breeding and plant protection Outlines the major techniques and applications of both CRISPR and RNAi technologies Assesses the major challenges of escalating these technologies on a mass scale

Handbook of Epigenetics

Handbook of Epigenetics
Author: Trygve Tollefsbol
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 682
Release: 2017-07-10
ISBN 10: 0128054778
ISBN 13: 9780128054772
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Epigenetics Book Review:

Handbook of Epigenetics: The New Molecular and Medical Genetics, Second Edition, provides a comprehensive analysis of epigenetics, from basic biology, to clinical application. Epigenetics is considered by many to be the new genetics in that many biological phenomena are controlled, not through gene mutations, but rather through reversible and heritable epigenetic processes. These epigenetic processes range from DNA methylation to prions. The biological processes impacted by epigenetics are vast and encompass effects in lower organisms and humans that include tissue and organ regeneration, X-chromosome inactivation, stem cell differentiation, genomic imprinting, and aging. The first edition of this important work received excellent reviews; the second edition continues its comprehensive coverage adding more current research and new topics based on customer and reader reviews, including new discoveries, approved therapeutics, and clinical trials. From molecular mechanisms and epigenetic technology, to discoveries in human disease and clinical epigenetics, the nature and applications of the science is presented for those with interests ranging from the fundamental basis of epigenetics, to therapeutic interventions for epigenetic-based disorders. Timely and comprehensive collection of fully up-to-date reviews on epigenetics that are organized into one volume and written by leading figures in the field Covers the latest advances in many different areas of epigenetics, ranging from basic aspects, to technologies, to clinical medicine Written at a verbal and technical level that can be understood by scientists and college students Updated to include new epigenetic discoveries, newly approved therapeutics, and clinical trials

The mRNA Metabolism in Human Disease

The mRNA Metabolism in Human Disease
Author: Luísa Romão
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 180
Release: 2019-07-24
ISBN 10: 3030199665
ISBN 13: 9783030199661
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The mRNA Metabolism in Human Disease Book Review:

The eukaryotic gene expression pathway involves a number of interlinked steps, with messenger RNA (mRNA) being the key intermediate. The precursor mRNA is transcribed from DNA, processed by removal of introns and addition of the cap structure and the poly(A) tail. The mature mRNA is then exported to the cytoplasm where it is translated into protein and finally degraded. In this process, mRNA is associated with RNA-binding proteins forming ribonucleoprotein complexes, whose protein content evolves throughout the lifetime of the mRNA. While the complexity of eukaryotic gene expression allows the production of proteins to be controlled at many levels, it also makes the process vulnerable to errors. Although eukaryotic cells have evolved elaborate mRNA quality control mechanisms that ensure the fidelity of gene expression, some defects are not detected, thus affecting mRNA metabolism. This condition plays a fundamental role in the pathogenesis of several disease processes, such as neurodegeneration and oncogenesis. Besides, exciting recent data have shown that cellular RNAs can be modified post-transcriptionally via dynamic and reversible chemical modifications, the so-called epitranscriptome. These modifications can alter mRNA structure, being able to modulate different steps of the mRNA metabolism that can be associated with various human diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus and cancer. This book provides a collection of novel studies and hypotheses aimed to define the pathophysiological consequences of altered mRNA metabolism events in human cells, and is written for a wide spectrum of readers in the field of gene expression regulation. The last chapter highlights how the discovery of disease-causing defects (or modifications) in mRNA can provide a variety of therapeutic targets that can be used for the development of new RNA-based therapeutics. Hopefully, it may also contribute to inspire the drug-developing scientific community.