Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders

Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders
Author: Melissa Buelow
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2020-05-01
ISBN 10: 0128150033
ISBN 13: 9780128150030
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders Book Review:

Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders provides readers with a detailed examination of how risky decision making is affected by a wide array of individual psychological disorders. The book starts by providing important background information on the construct of risky decision making, the assessment of risky decision making, and the neuroscience behind such decision making. The Iowa Gambling Task, Balloon Analogue Risk Task, and other behavioral measures are covered, as are topics such as test reliability and the pros and cons of utilizing tasks that have strong practice effects. The book then moves into how risky decision making is affected by specific psychological disorders, such as addictive behaviors, anxiety disorders, mood disorders, schizophrenia, sleep disorders, eating disorders, and more. Explores how risky decision making is affected by different psychological disorders Examines risky decision making and ADHD, psychosis, mood/anxiety disorders, and more Synthesizes the research on risky decision making Discusses merits/limitations of the Iowa Gambling Task and other behavioral measures Covers risky decision making and its associations with other executive functions

Research Involving Persons with Mental Disorders that May Affect Decisionmaking Capacity

Research Involving Persons with Mental Disorders that May Affect Decisionmaking Capacity
Author: United States. National Bioethics Advisory Commission
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 88
Release: 1998
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: MINN:31951D01819130Z
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Involving Persons with Mental Disorders that May Affect Decisionmaking Capacity Book Review:

Handbook of Child Psychopathology

Handbook of Child Psychopathology
Author: Thomas H. Ollendick,Michel Hersen
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 679
Release: 1998
ISBN 10: 9780306453212
ISBN 13: 0306453215
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Child Psychopathology Book Review:

This extremely popular handbook has been thoroughly revised - over half the chapters include new contributors who have generated much of the latest research. Comprehensive and interdisiplinary, the volume addresses treatment and prevention from an empirically based, developmental perspective.

Legislative Process Representation and Decision making

Legislative Process  Representation  and Decision making
Author: Universal Reference System,Alfred De Grazia,John B. Simeone
Publsiher: Princeton, N.J. : Princeton Research Publishing Company
Total Pages: 749
Release: 1967
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015019908790
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Legislative Process Representation and Decision making Book Review:

Behavioral Decision Making

Behavioral Decision Making
Author: George Wright
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2013-03-11
ISBN 10: 1461323916
ISBN 13: 9781461323914
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Behavioral Decision Making Book Review:

Managing Clinical Risk

Managing Clinical Risk
Author: Caroline Logan,Lorraine Johnstone
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 327
Release: 2012-08-09
ISBN 10: 1843928531
ISBN 13: 9781843928539
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Managing Clinical Risk Book Review:

The book is concerned particularly with the assessment and management of risk by practitioners in forensic - psychiatric and correctional . settings although its findings are likely to be of interest to those working in community settings also, especially with forensic clients.

Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders

Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders
Author: Institute of Medicine,Committee on Prevention of Mental Disorders
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 636
Release: 1994-01-01
ISBN 10: 0309049393
ISBN 13: 9780309049399
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders Book Review:

The understanding of how to reduce risk factors for mental disorders has expanded remarkably as a result of recent scientific advances. This study, mandated by Congress, reviews those advances in the context of current research and provides a targeted definition of prevention and a conceptual framework that emphasizes risk reduction. Highlighting opportunities for and barriers to interventions, the book draws on successful models for the prevention of cardiovascular disease, injuries, and smoking. In addition, it reviews the risk factors associated with Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, alcohol abuse and dependence, depressive disorders, and conduct disorders and evaluates current illustrative prevention programs. The models and examination provide a framework for the design, application, and evaluation of interventions intended to prevent mental disorders and the transfer of knowledge about prevention from research to clinical practice. The book presents a focused research agenda, with recommendations on how to develop effective intervention programs, create a cadre of prevention researchers, and improve coordination among federal agencies.

The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines for the Psychiatric Evaluation of Adults Third Edition

The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines for the Psychiatric Evaluation of Adults  Third Edition
Author: American Psychiatric Association
Publsiher: American Psychiatric Pub
Total Pages: 170
Release: 2015-07-29
ISBN 10: 0890424659
ISBN 13: 9780890424650
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines for the Psychiatric Evaluation of Adults Third Edition Book Review:

Since the publication of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) report Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust in 2011, there has been an increasing emphasis on assuring that clinical practice guidelines are trustworthy, developed in a transparent fashion, and based on a systematic review of the available research evidence. To align with the IOM recommendations and to meet the new requirements for inclusion of a guideline in the National Guidelines Clearinghouse of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), American Psychiatric Association (APA) has adopted a new process for practice guideline development. Under this new process APA's practice guidelines also seek to provide better clinical utility and usability. Rather than a broad overview of treatment for a disorder, new practice guidelines focus on a set of discrete clinical questions of relevance to an overarching subject area. A systematic review of evidence is conducted to address these clinical questions and involves a detailed assessment of individual studies. The quality of the overall body of evidence is also rated and is summarized in the practice guideline. With the new process, recommendations are determined by weighing potential benefits and harms of an intervention in a specific clinical context. Clear, concise, and actionable recommendation statements help clinicians to incorporate recommendations into clinical practice, with the goal of improving quality of care. The new practice guideline format is also designed to be more user friendly by dividing information into modules on specific clinical questions. Each module has a consistent organization, which will assist users in finding clinically useful and relevant information quickly and easily. This new edition of the practice guidelines on psychiatric evaluation for adults is the first set of the APA's guidelines developed under the new guideline development process. These guidelines address the following nine topics, in the context of an initial psychiatric evaluation: review of psychiatric symptoms, trauma history, and treatment history; substance use assessment; assessment of suicide risk; assessment for risk of aggressive behaviors; assessment of cultural factors; assessment of medical health; quantitative assessment; involvement of the patient in treatment decision making; and documentation of the psychiatric evaluation. Each guideline recommends or suggests topics to include during an initial psychiatric evaluation. Findings from an expert opinion survey have also been taken into consideration in making recommendations or suggestions. In addition to reviewing the available evidence on psychiatry evaluation, each guideline also provides guidance to clinicians on implementing these recommendations to enhance patient care.

Rethinking Risk Assessment

Rethinking Risk Assessment
Author: Henry and Grace Doherty Professor of Law Psychology and Legal Medicine John Monahan,John Monahan,Henry J. Steadman,Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology Eric Silver,Eric Silver,Arnold Frank Zeleznik Professor and Chair of Psychiatry Paul S Appelbaum,Paul S. Appelbaum,Pamela Clark Robbins,Edward P. Mulvey,Loren H. Roth,Senior Vice President for Medical Services at the Upmc Health System Associate Senior Chancellor Schools of the Health Sciences Loren H Roth,Thomas Grisso,Research Associate Professor of Psychiatry Steven Banks,Steven Banks
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 197
Release: 2001-03
ISBN 10: 0195138821
ISBN 13: 9780195138825
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rethinking Risk Assessment Book Review:

Rethinking Risk Assessment' tells the story of a pioneering investigation that challenges preconceptions about the frequency and nature of violence among persons with mental disorders, and suggests an innovative approach to predicting its occurrence.

Delusions

Delusions
Author: Philippa A. Garety,David R. Hemsley
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 186
Release: 2013-05-24
ISBN 10: 1135064288
ISBN 13: 9781135064280
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Delusions Book Review:

The authors offer cogent reviews of the literature pertaining to the formation and maintenance of delusions, but the most substantial parts of the monograph expound the empirical inquiries which they and their colleagues have carried out in recent years. Most of the research has been published elsewhere, but such is the relevance of the experiments cited to the whole schema that the monograph has unique value. It is a synthesis which portrays the contribution to date of cognitive science to the biology and psychopathology of delusional thinking, and convincingly demonstrates that this way of looking at things has a considerable future. There are important implications for therapy as well as for hypothesis formulation. The monograph is attractively written, and the authors present their claims with exemplary modesty. The whole tenor of their approach gives weight to the conviction that here we have a story that must be taken seriously. It is a significant book, and I warmly commend it to all those with an interest in the future of psychopathology, and especially to psychiatrists who wish to advance their understanding of mental states and avoid stagnating with outworn dogma." - Robert Cawley, University of London in British Journal of Psychiatry Delusions are a key symptom of psychosis and yet there is no single book which considers delusions from a psychological perspective. In part this is because the syndrome of schizophrenia has captured the attention of many workers, and in part because delusions, as private mental phenomena, are not well suited to purely behavioural or observational methods of enquiry. For the past two decades, however, cognitive psychology has been in its ascendancy and delusions, as beliefs, are particularly amenable to investigation applying cognitive concepts and methods. Within this framework, it is possible to consider continuities between delusional and ordinary beliefs, as well as to seek to identify differences. This book, therefore, uniquely presents a psychological model of delusions, employing the neglected strategy of single symptom research and the tools of cognitive psychology

The Neuroscience of Risky Decision Making

The Neuroscience of Risky Decision Making
Author: Valerie F. Reyna,Vivian Zayas
Publsiher: American Psychological Association (APA)
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2014-01-01
ISBN 10: 9781433816628
ISBN 13: 1433816628
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neuroscience of Risky Decision Making Book Review:

Whether the decision is to have unprotected sex, consent to surgery, have an extra piece of pie, or spend rather than save for retirement, risky decisions permeate our lives, and sometimes with disastrous consequences. How and why risk taking occurs has important implications. Yet many questions remain about how neurobiological, psychological, and socio-cultural factors influence decision-making. This book advances basic understanding and scientific theory about the brain mechanisms underlying risky decision by integrating findings from a number of disciplines, including development and cognitive psychology, brain sciences, law, behavioral economic, and addiction. The result is a rich scientific framework for understanding the causal mechanisms of risky decision making across the lifespan. Book jacket.

Communicating Risks and Benefits

Communicating Risks and Benefits
Author: Baruch Fischhoff
Publsiher: Government Printing Office
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2012-03-08
ISBN 10: 9780160901799
ISBN 13: 0160901790
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Communicating Risks and Benefits Book Review:

Effective risk communication is essential to the well-being of any organization and those people who depend on it. Ineffective communication can cost lives, money and reputations. Communicating Risks and Benefits: An Evidence-Based User’s Guide provides the scientific foundations for effective communications. The book authoritatively summarizes the relevant research, draws out its implications for communication design, and provides practical ways to evaluate and improve communications for any decision involving risks and benefits. Topics include the communication of quantitative information and warnings, the roles of emotion and the news media, the effects of age and literacy, and tests of how well communications meet the organization’s goals. The guide will help users in any organization, with any budget, to make the science of their communications as sound as the science that they are communicating.

Psychology

Psychology
Author: Wayne Weiten
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1998-07
ISBN 10: 9780534363727
ISBN 13: 0534363725
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychology Book Review:

No higher compliment need be paid than to say - as one reviewer recently did - that this is the text by which all others for the course are measured. Since the first edition of this book appeared, professors have praised Weiten's scholarship as exemplary and the accessibility of his prose as unparalleled. This is the text that redefined the way Introductory Psychology is taught by using integrative themes to develop the connections among different areas of psychological research. And now, with this Fourth Edition, Weiten again raises the bar a notch higher for competitors. Not only has he continued to refine and improve his fine text, but Weiten has developed an exciting multimedia CD-ROM for the course, giving instructors a new, engaging way to teach and students an interactive way to learn. Now, Weiten not only explains the interdependent links between research and applications, but he gives students a fascinating way to explore psychological concepts through experiments and activities included on the "PsycTrek" CD-ROM. Using integrative themes to emphasize connections among different areas of research in psychology, Weiten challenges students to grapple with the big issues and tough questions while mastering the basic concepts of psychology. Throughout the Fourth Edition, Weiten emphasizes the unity in psychology's intellectual heritage (the themes), as well as psychology's immense diversity (the variations). Long after your students have completed their final examinations, they will retain a genuine understanding of the basic ideas about psychology and behavior.

The Science of Adolescent Risk Taking

The Science of Adolescent Risk Taking
Author: National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on the Science of Adolescence
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2011-02-25
ISBN 10: 0309158524
ISBN 13: 9780309158527
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Science of Adolescent Risk Taking Book Review:

Adolescence is a time when youth make decisions, both good and bad, that have consequences for the rest of their lives. Some of these decisions put them at risk of lifelong health problems, injury, or death. The Institute of Medicine held three public workshops between 2008 and 2009 to provide a venue for researchers, health care providers, and community leaders to discuss strategies to improve adolescent health.

Interamerican journal of psychology

Interamerican journal of psychology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2007
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105133507504
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interamerican journal of psychology Book Review:

BioLaw

BioLaw
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1999
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105060483463
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

BioLaw Book Review:

Psychology

Psychology
Author: Douglas A. Bernstein
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 837
Release: 1994
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015027309098
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychology Book Review:

This third edition of a mid-to-high-level psychology text includes updated in-review boxes and features on linkages and thinking critically, and the linkage programme has been revised and streamlined for easier use. A new chapter on research methods provides an overview of the various ways in which psychologists study data, and establishes the research foundation for the remainder of the text. It illustrates the steps taken in evaluating a research issue and introduces critical thinking.

Recent Advances in HIV Infection Research

Recent Advances in HIV Infection Research
Author: Gualberto Buela-Casal
Publsiher: Nova Biomedical
Total Pages: 341
Release: 2006
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822034771030
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Advances in HIV Infection Research Book Review:

The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is caused by two retroviruses of the lentivirus subfamily, human immunodeficiency viruses types 1 (HIV-1) and 2 (HIV-2), which derive from cross-species transmissions of viruses naturally infecting two African primate species, the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) and the sooty mangabey (Cercocebus atys), respectively. Eleven transmission events of lentiviruses from these primate species to humans have been inferred from phylogenetic sequence analyses, although only four (which originated HIV-1 groups M and O, and HIV-2 groups A and B) have resulted in epidemic spread. One of these transmissions, corresponding to the common ancestor of the HIV-1 group M viruses, whose initial expansion in Central Africa has been dated by molecular clock analyses to around 1930, eventually originated the AIDS pandemic. How humans acquired the ancestors of the AIDS viruses from simians is uncertain, but natural infection of African non-human primates with lentiviruses is common, and contact with blood of these animals, which are frequently hunted in Africa for human consumption, is a plausible mechanism for virus acquisition. Sociodemograhic developments, including rapid urbanisation, large scale migrations, growth of prostitution, wars, and increase in travel, and, possibly, the widespread use of non-sterile injection material, may have promoted the emergence of the AIDS pandemic in Central Africa in the 20th century. Subsequent global propagation of HIV-1 derives from multiple introductions at different time points, often representing phylogenetically identifiable founder events. In areas in which diverse HIV-1 variants are cocirculating, these frequently recombine to generate mosaic forms, some of provided new insights on the origin and spread of AIDS viruses and may contribute to the efforts aimed at containing the pandemic which have propagated extensively. Phylogenetic sequence analyses and molecular epidemiology studies have.

New Developments in the Biology of Mental Disorders

New Developments in the Biology of Mental Disorders
Author: Research and Education Association
Publsiher: Research & Education Assn
Total Pages: 181
Release: 1994
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UVA:X004190240
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Developments in the Biology of Mental Disorders Book Review:

This book defines mental disorders and describes what they are. The genetics of mental disorders is also discussed, government policies and issues are summarized, and research efforts and issues are reported. The potential of and the opportunities offered by the growing neuroscience field are assessed. Topics covered include schizophrenia, mood disorders (major depression and bipolar disorder) , anxiety disorders (obsessive, compulsive, and panic disorders) , treatments, genetics, and research efforts. A glossary, acronyms, references, and an index are also included.

Psychology for Living

Psychology for Living
Author: Karen Grover Duffy,Eastwood Atwater
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 477
Release: 2001
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: PSU:000049178500
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychology for Living Book Review:

Focusing on classical oligopoly theory from 1840-1940, this volume uses topology and numerics to reconsider work by early oligopoly researchers in the light of modern dynamics. It resuscitates some of the field's original ideas after decades of oblivion.