Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders

Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders
Author: Melissa Buelow
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 412
Release: 2020-05-01
ISBN 10: 0128150033
ISBN 13: 9780128150030
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders Book Review:

Risky Decision Making in Psychological Disorders provides readers with a detailed examination of how risky decision making is affected by a wide array of individual psychological disorders. The book starts by providing important background information on the construct of risky decision making, the assessment of risky decision making, and the neuroscience behind such decision making. The Iowa Gambling Task, Balloon Analogue Risk Task, and other behavioral measures are covered, as are topics such as test reliability and the pros and cons of utilizing tasks that have strong practice effects. The book then moves into how risky decision making is affected by specific psychological disorders, such as addictive behaviors, anxiety disorders, mood disorders, schizophrenia, sleep disorders, eating disorders, and more. Explores how risky decision making is affected by different psychological disorders Examines risky decision making and ADHD, psychosis, mood/anxiety disorders, and more Synthesizes the research on risky decision making Discusses merits/limitations of the Iowa Gambling Task and other behavioral measures Covers risky decision making and its associations with other executive functions

Behavioral and Dopaminergic Factors Associated with Risky Decision making in Rats Implications for Substance Abuse

Behavioral and Dopaminergic Factors Associated with Risky Decision making in Rats  Implications for Substance Abuse
Author: Daniel Gabriel
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2019
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:1112365970
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Behavioral and Dopaminergic Factors Associated with Risky Decision making in Rats Implications for Substance Abuse Book Review:

Excessive risky decision-making is common in multiple psychiatric disorders, including substance abuse disorder. The risky decision-making task (RDT) models addiction-relevant risk-taking in rats by measuring preference between a small reward and large reward associated with systematically increasing risk of shock. This Thesis examined the relationship between risk-taking in the RDT and multiple cognitive and neurobiological addiction-relevant phenotypes. Risk-taking was associated with elevated impulsive action, but not impulsive choice or habit formation. Furthermore, risk-taking predicted locomotor sensitivity to first-time nicotine exposure and resilience to nicotine-evoked anxiety. Finally, risk-taking was associated with elevated phasic dopamine release and sensitivity to the dopamine transporter inhibitor nomifensine in the nucleus accumbens. Collectively, these data demonstrate that risk preference in the RDT predicts a cluster of traits associated with substance abuse, and may have utility for identification of neurobiological and genetic biomarkers that engender addiction vulnerability.

Abnormal Psychology

Abnormal Psychology
Author: Ann M. Kring,Sheri L. Johnson
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2021-03-03
ISBN 10: 1119705479
ISBN 13: 9781119705475
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Abnormal Psychology Book Review:

"The focus of this book has always been on the balancing and blending of research and clinical application and on the effort to involve the learner in the problem solving engaged in by clinicians and scientists. We continue to emphasize an integrated approach, showing how psychopathology is best understood by considering multiple perspectives and how these varying perspectives can provide us with the clearest accounting of the causes of these disorders as well as the best possible treatments. With the fifteenth edition, we have once again emphasized the recent and comprehensive research coverage that has been the hallmark of the book. Of equal importance, however, we have worked to make the prose ever more accessible to a variety of students"--

The Palgrave Handbook of American Mental Health Policy

The Palgrave Handbook of American Mental Health Policy
Author: Howard H. Goldman,Richard G. Frank,Joseph P. Morrissey
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 687
Release: 2019-05-07
ISBN 10: 3030119084
ISBN 13: 9783030119089
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Palgrave Handbook of American Mental Health Policy Book Review:

This handbook is the definitive resource for understanding current mental health policy controversies, options, and implementation strategies. It offers a thorough review of major issues in mental health policy to inform the policy-making process, presenting the pros and cons of controversial, significant issues through close analyses of data. Some of the topics covered are the effectiveness of various biomedical and psychosocial interventions, the role of mental illness in violence, and the effectiveness of coercive strategies. The handbook presents cases for conditions in which specialized mental health services are needed and those in which it might be better to deliver mental health treatment in mainstream health and social services settings. It also examines the balance between federal, state, and local authority, and the financing models for delivery of efficient and effective mental health services. It is aimed for an audience of policy-makers, researchers, and informed citizens that can contribute to future policy deliberations.

The Health Effects of Cannabis

The Health Effects of Cannabis
Author: Harold Kalant,Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Publsiher: Addiction Research Foundation
Total Pages: 526
Release: 1999
ISBN 10: 9780888683250
ISBN 13: 0888683251
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Health Effects of Cannabis Book Review:

The Health Effects of Cannabis is a definitive reference text on the adverse, and also the potentially beneficial, effects of cannabis use. Internationally recognized experts in the field contribute a wealth of information about the use and effects of Canada's most widely used illicit drug. The Health Effects of Cannabis will be of interest to addiction medicine specialists, educators, researchers, health program managers and policy-makers, and anyone else who wants scientific information on cannabis and its effects. Topics include: the epidemiology of cannabis use and related problems the long-term central nervous system effects of cannabis mental and behavioural disorders caused by cannabis use cannabis and immunity cannabis use during pregnancy therapeutic uses of cannabis and cannabinoids the health and psychological effects of cannabis use the comparative risks of alcohol, tobacco, cannabis and opioid use.

Handbook of Child Psychopathology

Handbook of Child Psychopathology
Author: Thomas H. Ollendick,Michel Hersen
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 679
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 1461559057
ISBN 13: 9781461559054
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Child Psychopathology Book Review:

In our first edition of the Handbook in 1983, we the origins and course(s) of maladaptive behav ior, whatever the causes, whatever the age of on noted that child psychopathology should no longer be viewed as a downward extension of set, whatever the transformations in behavioral adult psychopathology. Rather, we suggested expression, and however complex the develop that children should be viewed as children, not mental pattern may prove to be. It strives to inte as miniature adults, and that a merger of the dis grate these two disciplines in an intimate and of ciplines of clinical child psychology and devel tentimes complex manner. opmental psychology must occur for this evolu Careful attention to issues of development and tion to be fully realized. In the second edition of other contextual issues relevant to children, ad the Handbook in 1989, we asserted that the syn olescents, and their families guided us in our ef thesis of these two fields of inquiry was under forts to solicit contributors for this third edition.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM 5

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders  DSM 5
Author: American Psychiatric Association
Publsiher: American Psychiatric Pub
Total Pages: 991
Release: 2013-05-22
ISBN 10: 0890425574
ISBN 13: 9780890425572
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM 5 Book Review:

This new edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5®), used by clinicians and researchers to diagnose and classify mental disorders, is the product of more than 10 years of effort by hundreds of international experts in all aspects of mental health. Their dedication and hard work have yielded an authoritative volume that defines and classifies mental disorders in order to improve diagnoses, treatment, and research. The criteria are concise and explicit, intended to facilitate an objective assessment of symptom presentations in a variety of clinical settings -- inpatient, outpatient, partial hospital, consultation-liaison, clinical, private practice, and primary care. New features and enhancements make DSM-5® easier to use across all settings: The chapter organization reflects a lifespan approach, with disorders typically diagnosed in childhood (such as neurodevelopmental disorders) at the beginning of the manual, and those more typical of older adults (such as neurocognitive disorders) placed at the end. Also included are age-related factors specific to diagnosis. The latest findings in neuroimaging and genetics have been integrated into each disorder along with gender and cultural considerations. The revised organizational structure recognizes symptoms that span multiple diagnostic categories, providing new clinical insight in diagnosis. Specific criteria have been streamlined, consolidated, or clarified to be consistent with clinical practice (including the consolidation of autism disorder, Asperger's syndrome, and pervasive developmental disorder into autism spectrum disorder; the streamlined classification of bipolar and depressive disorders; the restructuring of substance use disorders for consistency and clarity; and the enhanced specificity for major and mild neurocognitive disorders). Dimensional assessments for research and validation of clinical results have been provided. Both ICD-9-CM and ICD-10-CM codes are included for each disorder, and the organizational structure is consistent with the new ICD-11 in development. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, is the most comprehensive, current, and critical resource for clinical practice available to today's mental health clinicians and researchers of all orientations. The information contained in the manual is also valuable to other physicians and health professionals, including psychologists, counselors, nurses, and occupational and rehabilitation therapists, as well as social workers and forensic and legal specialists.

The Troubled Helix

The Troubled Helix
Author: Theresa Marteau,Martin Richards
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 380
Release: 1999-03-11
ISBN 10: 9780521586122
ISBN 13: 0521586127
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Troubled Helix Book Review:

The availability of increasingly sophisticated information on our genetic makeup presents individuals, and society as a whole, with difficult decisions. Although it is hoped that these advances will ultimately lead the way to the effective treatment and screening of all diseases with a genetic component, at present many individuals agonize over the knowledge that they have or will develop an incurable genetic disease. This book explores and surveys these issues from a variety of perspectives: from personal accounts of individuals coping with the threat of genetic disease, to those of clinicians and scientists, and those concerned with the psychosocial, legal and ethical aspects.

Interamerican journal of psychology

Interamerican journal of psychology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2007
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105133507504
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Interamerican journal of psychology Book Review:

Psychology of Decision Making in Education Behavior and High Risk Situations

Psychology of Decision Making in Education  Behavior  and High Risk Situations
Author: Jeanine A. Elsworth
Publsiher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Total Pages: 298
Release: 2007
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UVA:X030262577
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychology of Decision Making in Education Behavior and High Risk Situations Book Review:

In a fast-moving world, the necessity of making decisions, and preferably good ones, has become even more difficult. One reason is the variety and number of choices perhaps available which often are not presented or understood. Alternatives are often unclear and complex paths to them confusing and misleading. Thus the process of decision making itself requires analysis on an ongoing basis. Decision making is often made based on cultural factors whereas the best alternative might be quite different. The subject touches ethics aspects as well as psychological considerations. This book presents important research on the psychology of decision making related to education, behaviour and high risk situations.

Psychology

Psychology
Author: Douglas A. Bernstein
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 837
Release: 1994
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015027309098
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychology Book Review:

This third edition of a mid-to-high-level psychology text includes updated in-review boxes and features on linkages and thinking critically, and the linkage programme has been revised and streamlined for easier use. A new chapter on research methods provides an overview of the various ways in which psychologists study data, and establishes the research foundation for the remainder of the text. It illustrates the steps taken in evaluating a research issue and introduces critical thinking.

Professional Risk and Working with People

Professional Risk and Working with People
Author: Andy Bain,David Carson
Publsiher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2008-01-15
ISBN 10: 9781846427572
ISBN 13: 1846427576
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Professional Risk and Working with People Book Review:

Professional Risk and Working with People provides advice on assessing and managing risks for all those employed to take risks with or on behalf of other people. The authors explore issues of risk assessment and management that provides readers with a broad knowledge of risk practices that can be applied across a range of disciplines. They detail the benefits of risk as well as the potential harm and explain relevant legislation and concepts of negligence in clear and accessible language. Examples of risk policies, systems and effective judgement in managing complex risk decisions are also included. In the current climate of blame and readiness to pursue legal action against professionals, this book will prove essential reading for all practitioners who come into contact with risk, including doctors and other health and care professionals, probation officers and social workers. Leaders of professional courses and their students will also find this an invaluable guide.

The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines for the Psychiatric Evaluation of Adults Third Edition

The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines for the Psychiatric Evaluation of Adults  Third Edition
Author: American Psychiatric Association
Publsiher: American Psychiatric Pub
Total Pages: 170
Release: 2015-07-29
ISBN 10: 0890424659
ISBN 13: 9780890424650
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The American Psychiatric Association Practice Guidelines for the Psychiatric Evaluation of Adults Third Edition Book Review:

Since the publication of the Institute of Medicine (IOM) report Clinical Practice Guidelines We Can Trust in 2011, there has been an increasing emphasis on assuring that clinical practice guidelines are trustworthy, developed in a transparent fashion, and based on a systematic review of the available research evidence. To align with the IOM recommendations and to meet the new requirements for inclusion of a guideline in the National Guidelines Clearinghouse of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), American Psychiatric Association (APA) has adopted a new process for practice guideline development. Under this new process APA's practice guidelines also seek to provide better clinical utility and usability. Rather than a broad overview of treatment for a disorder, new practice guidelines focus on a set of discrete clinical questions of relevance to an overarching subject area. A systematic review of evidence is conducted to address these clinical questions and involves a detailed assessment of individual studies. The quality of the overall body of evidence is also rated and is summarized in the practice guideline. With the new process, recommendations are determined by weighing potential benefits and harms of an intervention in a specific clinical context. Clear, concise, and actionable recommendation statements help clinicians to incorporate recommendations into clinical practice, with the goal of improving quality of care. The new practice guideline format is also designed to be more user friendly by dividing information into modules on specific clinical questions. Each module has a consistent organization, which will assist users in finding clinically useful and relevant information quickly and easily. This new edition of the practice guidelines on psychiatric evaluation for adults is the first set of the APA's guidelines developed under the new guideline development process. These guidelines address the following nine topics, in the context of an initial psychiatric evaluation: review of psychiatric symptoms, trauma history, and treatment history; substance use assessment; assessment of suicide risk; assessment for risk of aggressive behaviors; assessment of cultural factors; assessment of medical health; quantitative assessment; involvement of the patient in treatment decision making; and documentation of the psychiatric evaluation. Each guideline recommends or suggests topics to include during an initial psychiatric evaluation. Findings from an expert opinion survey have also been taken into consideration in making recommendations or suggestions. In addition to reviewing the available evidence on psychiatry evaluation, each guideline also provides guidance to clinicians on implementing these recommendations to enhance patient care.

Testing the Dual system Theory of Decision making

Testing the Dual system Theory of Decision making
Author: Lisa Kluen
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2015
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:909903289
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Testing the Dual system Theory of Decision making Book Review:

"Making decisions is an essential part of life. The capability to discriminate between risky and safe or the ability to foresee long-term consequences of actions and thus change expectations through experience, are crucial in the process of making advantageous and strategic decisions in everyday life (Rothkirch, Schmack, Schlagenhauf, & Sterzer, 2012). Moreover, impaired decision-making has been found in patients suffering from lesions in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex as well as in different psychiatric disorders (Adida et al., 2011; Cella, Dymond, & Cooper, 2010; Malloy-Diniz, Neves, Abrantes, Fuentes, & Correa, 2009; Murphy et al., 2001). Improving our understanding of the mechanisms of normal and pathological decision-making is, therefore important. Different models have been developed to research and explain decision-making behavior. The somatic marker hypothesis (Bechara, 1997) proposed that, to be able to make advantageous decisions in uncertain situations, unconscious and automatic bodily signals (the so-called somatic markers) are critical (Bechara, 1997). More generally, the dual-system theory of decision-making (Evans, 2008; Kahneman, 2011) postulates that decision-making relies on two brain systems, one being unconscious, implicit and fast, and the second being conscious, explicit and effortful (Evans, 2008; Kahneman, 2011)The aim of the current work was to explore the implicit processes guiding decision-making, notably those immediately preceding a willed risky decision. To this aim, we used EEG and the Iowa Gambling Task in a group of 35 healthy participants. We identified a decision-preceding negativity (DPN) in the frontal and central area of the cortex. The results of the current study support the somatic marker hypothesis as well as the assumption that implicit processes support and guide decision-making behavior (Bechara, Damasio, Tranel, & Damasio, 2005). Additionally, these markers might be beneficial in future research investigating aberrant decision-making behavior in clinical populations. " --

Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders

Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders
Author: Institute of Medicine,Committee on Prevention of Mental Disorders
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 636
Release: 1994-01-01
ISBN 10: 0309049393
ISBN 13: 9780309049399
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reducing Risks for Mental Disorders Book Review:

The understanding of how to reduce risk factors for mental disorders has expanded remarkably as a result of recent scientific advances. This study, mandated by Congress, reviews those advances in the context of current research and provides a targeted definition of prevention and a conceptual framework that emphasizes risk reduction. Highlighting opportunities for and barriers to interventions, the book draws on successful models for the prevention of cardiovascular disease, injuries, and smoking. In addition, it reviews the risk factors associated with Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, alcohol abuse and dependence, depressive disorders, and conduct disorders and evaluates current illustrative prevention programs. The models and examination provide a framework for the design, application, and evaluation of interventions intended to prevent mental disorders and the transfer of knowledge about prevention from research to clinical practice. The book presents a focused research agenda, with recommendations on how to develop effective intervention programs, create a cadre of prevention researchers, and improve coordination among federal agencies.

American Book Publishing Record

American Book Publishing Record
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2006
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015066180392
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

American Book Publishing Record Book Review:

The Neuroscience of Risky Decision Making

The Neuroscience of Risky Decision Making
Author: Valerie F. Reyna,Vivian Zayas
Publsiher: American Psychological Association (APA)
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2014-01-01
ISBN 10: 9781433816628
ISBN 13: 1433816628
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Neuroscience of Risky Decision Making Book Review:

Whether the decision is to have unprotected sex, consent to surgery, have an extra piece of pie, or spend rather than save for retirement, risky decisions permeate our lives, and sometimes with disastrous consequences. How and why risk taking occurs has important implications. Yet many questions remain about how neurobiological, psychological, and socio-cultural factors influence decision-making. This book advances basic understanding and scientific theory about the brain mechanisms underlying risky decision by integrating findings from a number of disciplines, including development and cognitive psychology, brain sciences, law, behavioral economic, and addiction. The result is a rich scientific framework for understanding the causal mechanisms of risky decision making across the lifespan. Book jacket.

Managing Clinical Risk

Managing Clinical Risk
Author: Caroline Logan,Lorraine Johnstone
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 327
Release: 2012-08-09
ISBN 10: 1843928531
ISBN 13: 9781843928539
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Managing Clinical Risk Book Review:

The book is concerned particularly with the assessment and management of risk by practitioners in forensic - psychiatric and correctional . settings although its findings are likely to be of interest to those working in community settings also, especially with forensic clients.

Medical Decision making in Individuals At risk for Alzheimer s Disease

Medical Decision making in Individuals At risk for Alzheimer s Disease
Author: Jeffrey Scott Roberts
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 396
Release: 1999
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015043222630
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medical Decision making in Individuals At risk for Alzheimer s Disease Book Review:

Essential Writings in Violence Risk Assessment and Management

Essential Writings in Violence Risk Assessment and Management
Author: Christopher D. Webster,Hy Bloom
Publsiher: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Total Pages: 612
Release: 2007
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: CORNELL:31924108205810
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Essential Writings in Violence Risk Assessment and Management Book Review:

With Essential Writings in Violence Risk Assessment and Management, mental health and legal practitioners have quick access to the most important peer-reviewed writings in the field. The 31 journal articles and book chapters in this collection provide a complete foundational curriculum on the subject. Topics include: the historical shift from "dangerousness" to violence risk assessment the emergence of actuarial violence prediction clinical prediction and assessment the actuarial versus clinical controversy decision making treatments, security and program planning. Covering a field that crosses civil, forensic and correctional boundaries, this book is a valuable resource for clinicians, lawyers, judges, law enforcement officials, health and correctional administrators, journalists and anyone working in the forensic system. It is also of interest to anyone intrigued by how the forensic system assesses and manages people deemed to be violent, and how decision makers manage the often precarious balance between protecting the public and according the accused the greatest degree of freedom possible. The book's six main sections are preceded by introductions, written by the editors, that succinctly encapsulate the main arguments discussed by its contributors. Taken together, these introductions provide a concise summary of a complex topic."