Rheology of Polymer Blends and Nanocomposites

Rheology of Polymer Blends and Nanocomposites
Author: Sabu Thomas,Sarathchandran C.,Nithin Chandran
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2019-09-08
ISBN 10: 0128169567
ISBN 13: 9780128169568
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rheology of Polymer Blends and Nanocomposites Book Review:

Rheology of Polymer Blends and Nanocomposites: Theory, Modelling and Applications focuses on rheology in polymer nanocomposites. It provides readers with a solid grounding in the fundamentals of rheology, with an emphasis on recent advancements. Chapters explore potential future applications for nanocomposites and polymer blends, giving readers a thorough understanding of the specific features derived from rheology as a tool for the study of polymer blends and nanocomposites. This book is ideal for industrial and academic researchers in the field of polymer blends and nanocomposites, but is also a great resource for anyone who wants to learn about the applications of rheology. Sets out the principles of rheology as it is applied to polymer blends and nanocomposites Demonstrates how rheological techniques are best applied to different classes of nanocomposites Assesses the opportunities and major challenges of rheological approaches to polymer blends and nanocomposites

Rheology and Processing of Polymer Nanocomposites

Rheology and Processing of Polymer Nanocomposites
Author: Sabu Thomas,Rene Muller,Jiji Abraham
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 616
Release: 2016-08-25
ISBN 10: 1118969812
ISBN 13: 9781118969816
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rheology and Processing of Polymer Nanocomposites Book Review:

Rheology and Processing of Polymer Nanocomposites examines the current state of the art and new challenges in the characterization of nanofiller/polymer interactions, nanofiller dispersion, distribution, filler-filler interactions and interfaces in polymer nanocomposites. A one-stop reference resource for important research accomplishments in this area, it benefits academics, researchers, scientists, and engineers in the field of polymer nanocomposites in their daily work.

Multiphase Polylactide Blends

Multiphase Polylactide Blends
Author: Mohammadreza Nofar
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 404
Release: 2021-07-15
ISBN 10: 0128241519
ISBN 13: 9780128241516
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multiphase Polylactide Blends Book Review:

Multiphase Polylactide Blends: Toward a Sustainable and Green Environment guides the reader through fundamentals, science, preparation, and key areas of innovation in polylactide (PLA) blends. Bio-based polymers, and notably PLA, have not only gained increasing interest as a more sustainable alternative but also bring challenges in terms of mechanical, rheological, thermal and physical properties, processability, shapability, and foamability. The use of blends looks to address these, with the development of new types of economically viable and environmentally friendly systems. This is a valuable book for academic researchers, scientists, and graduate students across bio-based polymers, polymer science, chemistry, and materials science, as well as engineers, R&D professionals, and all those in industry with interest in PLA-based blends, biopolymers, and sustainable materials and products. More specifically, the first three chapters of this book overview the fundamentals of thermoplastic polymers, polymer blends, and structure and properties of PLA. These chapters could technically be used as a valuable textbook on the noted topics. The rest of the chapters inclusively study the fundamentals, investigations, and achievements in PLA-based blends with various types of polymers. These include miscible blends of poly L-lactide and poly D-lactide, binary immiscible/miscible blends of PLA with other thermoplastics and elastomers, PLA-based ternary blends and blend nanocomposites, as well as PLA-based blend foams. Overall, this book provides a thorough and critical overview of the state of the art in PLA-based blends, including significant past and recent advances, with the aim of supporting and shaping further research and industrial application of these materials for the development of a green and sustainable future. Overviews the fundamentals of thermoplastic polymers, polymer blends, and the structure and properties of PLA. Provides detailed coverage of the fundamentals and science of PLA blends, including phase miscibility, thermal and mechanical properties, interface and rheological properties, the use of compatibilizers, and phase morphological analysis. Offers a thorough critical overview of the state of the art in processing and development of PLA-based blends, addressing key challenges and future perspectives. Covers the latest advances, including PLA-based ternary blends, blend nanocomposites, and PLA-based blend microcellular foams.

Multiscale Modeling and Computation of Liquid Crystal Polymers Polymer Blends and Polymer Nanocomposites Investigation of Rheology and Material Properties

Multiscale Modeling and Computation of Liquid Crystal Polymers  Polymer Blends  and Polymer Nanocomposites  Investigation of Rheology and Material Properties
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 11
Release: 2008
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:318686090
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Multiscale Modeling and Computation of Liquid Crystal Polymers Polymer Blends and Polymer Nanocomposites Investigation of Rheology and Material Properties Book Review:

High-performance polymeric materials such as liquid crystal polymers and polymer nano-particle composites have many military applications. The project aimed to study the mesoscopic structure formation during flow processing and characterization of material properties in solid states. Significant progress has been made to model the materials and to understand their rheological properties in melt or solution processing. Electrical and thermal conduction properties of the nanocomposites are characterized by the low volume fraction asymptotic approach. More anisotropic molecular configuration and their impact to the macroscopic material properties have been investigated. Applications of the models and numerical tools developed for complex fluids are used to important biological applications.

Rheology and Processing of Polymeric Materials

Rheology and Processing of Polymeric Materials
Author: Chang Dae Han
Publsiher: Oxford University Press
Total Pages: 736
Release: 2007-05-16
ISBN 10: 9780195345988
ISBN 13: 0195345983
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rheology and Processing of Polymeric Materials Book Review:

Volume 1 presents first fundamental principles of the rheology of polymeric fluid including kinematics and stresses of a deformable body, the continuum theory for the viscoelasticity of flexible homogeneous polymeric liquids, the molecular theory for the viscoelasticity of flexible homogeneous polymeric liquids, and the experimental methods for the measurement of the rheological properties of poylmeric liquids. The materials presented are intended to set a stage for the subsequent chapters by introducing the basic concepts and principles of rheology, from both phenomenological and molecular perspectives, ofstructurally simple flexible and homogeneous polymeric liquids. Next, this volume presents the rheological behavior of structurally complex polymeric materials including miscible polymer blends, block copolymers, liquid-crystalline polymers, thermoplastic polyurethanes, immiscible polymer blends, perticulare-filled polymers, organoclay nanocomposites, molten polymers with dissolved gas, and thermosts.

Nanostructured Immiscible Polymer Blends

Nanostructured Immiscible Polymer Blends
Author: Suprakas Sinha Ray,Reza Salehiyan
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2019-09-17
ISBN 10: 0128168781
ISBN 13: 9780128168783
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanostructured Immiscible Polymer Blends Book Review:

Nanostructured Immiscible Polymer Blends: Migration and Interface covers a wide range of nanoparticle types, emphasizing the mechanisms and parameters involved in the migration of nanofillers inside immiscible polymer blends. This book explores the influence of nanoparticle migration on the localization, and hence, morphology development, electrical conductivity, and met-rheological properties of blended composite materials. As the influence of solid particles, ranging in size from several hundred nanometers to a few microns in immiscible polymer blends has been extensively studied for use as compatibilizers, morphology stabilizers, and reinforcement agents, this book is a timely resource. Outlines techniques used to prepare nanoparticles-modified immiscible polymer blend composites Explains the structural and morphological development, and melt-state rheological behaviors of nanoparticles-modified immiscible polymer blend composites Discusses major industrial applications

Nanostructured Polymer Blends

Nanostructured Polymer Blends
Author: Sabu Thomas,Robert Shanks,Sarath Chandran
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2013-11-28
ISBN 10: 1455731609
ISBN 13: 9781455731602
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanostructured Polymer Blends Book Review:

Over 30% of commercial polymers are blends or alloys or one kind or another. Nanostructured blends offer the scientist or plastics engineer a new range of possibilities with characteristics including thermodynamic stablility; the potential to improve material transparency, creep and solvent resistance; the potential to simultaneously increase tensile strength and ductility; superior rheological properties; and relatively low cost. Nanostructured Polymer Blends opens up immense structural possibilities via chemical and mechanical modifications that generate novel properties and functions and high-performance characteristics at a low cost. The emerging applications of these new materials cover a wide range of industry sectors, encompassing the coatings and adhesives industry, electronics, energy (photovoltaics), aerospace and medical devices (where polymer blends provide innovations in biocompatible materials). This book explains the science of nanostructure formation and the nature of interphase formations, demystifies the design of nanostructured blends to achieve specific properties, and introduces the applications for this important new class of nanomaterial. All the key topics related to recent advances in blends are covered: IPNs, phase morphologies, composites and nanocomposites, nanostructure formation, the chemistry and structure of additives, etc. Introduces the science and technology of nanostructured polymer blends – and the procedures involved in melt blending and chemical blending to produce new materials with specific performance characteristics Unlocks the potential of nanostructured polymer blends for applications across sectors, including electronics, energy/photovoltaics, aerospace/automotive, and medical devices (biocompatible polymers) Explains the performance benefits in areas including rheological properties, thermodynamic stablility, material transparency, solvent resistance, etc.

Design and Applications of Nanostructured Polymer Blends and Nanocomposite Systems

Design and Applications of Nanostructured Polymer Blends and Nanocomposite Systems
Author: Sabu Thomas,Robert Shanks,Sarath Chandran
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 442
Release: 2015-09-22
ISBN 10: 032339454X
ISBN 13: 9780323394543
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Design and Applications of Nanostructured Polymer Blends and Nanocomposite Systems Book Review:

Design and Applications of Nanostructured Polymer Blend and Nanocomposite Systems offers readers an intelligent, thorough introduction to the design and applications of this new generation of designer polymers with customized properties. The book assembles and covers, in a unified way, the state-of-the-art developments of this less explored type of material. With a focus on nanostructured polymer blends, the book discusses the science of nanostructure formation and the potential performance benefits of nanostructured polymer blends and composites for applications across many sectors: electronics, coatings, adhesives, energy (photovoltaics), aerospace, automotive, and medical devices (biocompatible polymers). The book also describes the design, morphology, and structure of nanostructured polymer composites and blends to achieve specific properties. Covers all important information for designing and selecting the right nanostructured polymer system Provides specialized knowledge on self-repairing, nanofibre and nanostructured multiphase materials, as well as evaluation and testing of nanostructured polymer systems Serves as a reference guide for development of new products in industries ranging from electronics, coatings, and energy, to transport and medical applications Describes the design, morphology, and structure of nanostructured polymer composites and blends to achieve specific properties

Applied Polymer Rheology

Applied Polymer Rheology
Author: Marianna Kontopoulou
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2011-10-24
ISBN 10: 1118140605
ISBN 13: 9781118140604
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applied Polymer Rheology Book Review:

Explore polymer rheology from an industrial standpoint Presenting state-of-the-art polymer rheology as observed by well-recognized authors, Applied Polymer Rheology: Polymeric Fluids with Industrial Applications is designed to help readers understand the relationship between molecular structure and the flow behavior of polymers. In particular, it focuses on polymeric systems that elicit special attention from industry. Providing a comprehensive overview of the rheological characteristics of polymeric fluids, the book bridges the gap between theory and practice/application, enabling readers to see the connection between molecular structure and the behavior of the polymers studied. Beginning with a discussion of the properties, processability, and processing aids of specific polymers, later chapters examine filled polymers and composites, and the theoretical framework upon which their analysis is based. Various systems containing microstructure are presented subsequently, with the final chapter introducing paste extrusion of polytetrafluoroethylene paste. An invaluable reference guide that covers the literature and vast array of technical approaches to polymer rheology, Applied Polymer Rheology's coverage of polymeric fluids of interest to industry make it an essential resource for plastics, polymer, and chemical engineers, materials scientists, polymer chemists, and polymer physicists to use when interpreting findings and planning experiments.

Processing of Polymer based Nanocomposites

Processing of Polymer based Nanocomposites
Author: Suprakas Sinha Ray
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 156
Release: 2018-09-07
ISBN 10: 3319977792
ISBN 13: 9783319977799
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Processing of Polymer based Nanocomposites Book Review:

Processing of polymer nanocomposites usually requires special attention since the resultant structure—micro- and nano-level, is directly influenced by among other factors, polymer/nano-additive chemistry and the processing strategy. This book consolidates knowledge, from fundamental to product development, on polymer nanocomposites processing with special emphasis on the processing-structure-property-performance relationships in a wide range of polymer nanocomposites. Furthermore, this book focuses on emerging processing technologies such as electrospinning, which has very exciting applications ranging from medical to filtration. Additionally, the important role played by the nanoparticles in polymer blends structures has been illustrated in the current book, with special focus on fundamental aspects and properties of nanoparticles migration and interface crossing in immiscible polymer blend nanocomposites. This book introduces readers to nanomaterials and polymer nanocomposites processing. After defining nanoparticles and polymer nanocomposites and discussing environmental aspects, the second chapter focuses on the synthesis and functionalization of nanomaterials with applications in polymers. A brief overview on nanoclay and nanoclay-containing polymer nanocomposites is provided in third chapter. The fourth chapter provides an overview of the polymer nanocomposites structural elucidation techniques, such as X-ray diffraction and scattering, microscopy and spectroscopy, rheology. The fifth chapter is dedicated to the polymer nanocomposites processing technologies, among which electrospinning, which has very exciting applications ranging from medical to filtration. The last chapter provides an overview on how melt-processing strategy impact structure and mechanical properties of polymer nanocomposites by taking polypropylene-clay nanocomposite as a model system. The book is useful to undergraduate and postgraduate students (polymer engineering, materials science & engineering, chemical & process engineering), as well as research & development personnel, engineers, and material scientists.

Polymer Alloys and Blends

Polymer Alloys and Blends
Author: L. A. Utracki
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 367
Release: 1990-01
ISBN 10: 9781569901045
ISBN 13: 156990104X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polymer Alloys and Blends Book Review:

An introduction to polymer alloys and blends.

Rheology and Processing of Polymeric Materials Volume 1 Polymer Rheology

Rheology and Processing of Polymeric Materials  Volume 1  Polymer Rheology
Author: Chang Dae Han
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 736
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 9780195187823
ISBN 13: 0195187822
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Rheology and Processing of Polymeric Materials Volume 1 Polymer Rheology Book Review:

Volume 1 presents first fundamental principles of the rheology of polymeric fluid including kinematics and stresses of a deformable body, the continuum theory for the viscoelasticity of flexible homogeneous polymeric liquids, the molecular theory for the viscoelasticity of flexible homogeneous polymeric liquids, and the experimental methods for the measurement of the rheological properties of poylmeric liquids. The materials presented are intended to set a stage for the subsequent chapters by introducing the basic concepts and principles of rheology, from both phenomenological and molecular perspectives, ofstructurally simple flexible and homogeneous polymeric liquids. Next, this volume presents the rheological behavior of structurally complex polymeric materials including miscible polymer blends, block copolymers, liquid-crystalline polymers, thermoplastic polyurethanes, immiscible polymer blends, perticulare-filled polymers, organoclay nanocomposites, molten polymers with dissolved gas, and thermosts.

Crosslinkable Polyethylene Based Blends and Nanocomposites

Crosslinkable Polyethylene Based Blends and Nanocomposites
Author: Jince Thomas,Sabu Thomas,Zakiah Ahmad
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2021-04-19
ISBN 10: 981160486X
ISBN 13: 9789811604867
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Crosslinkable Polyethylene Based Blends and Nanocomposites Book Review:

This volume serves as a cutting edge reference on XLPE based blends, nanocomposites, and their applications. The book provides an introduction to XLPE nanocomposites and discusses the incorporation of natural and inorganic nanoparticles in the XLPE matrix. It also focuses on its characterization as well as the morphological, rheological, mechanical, viscoelastic, thermal, and electrical, properties. It provides an in-depth review of various potential applications, with special emphasis on use in cable insulation. The book focuses on cutting edge research developments, looking at published papers, patents, and production data. This book will be of use to academic and industry researchers, as well as graduate students working in the fields of polymer science and engineering, materials science, and chemical engineering.

Functional Polymer Blends and Nanocomposites

Functional Polymer Blends and Nanocomposites
Author: Gennady E. Zaikov,Liliya I. Bazylyak,A. K. Haghi
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2014-05-14
ISBN 10: 1926895894
ISBN 13: 9781926895895
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Functional Polymer Blends and Nanocomposites Book Review:

This book details original, theoretical, and important experimental results that use non-routine methodologies often unfamiliar to most readers. It also includes papers on novel applications of more familiar experimental techniques and analyses of composite problems. The book provides comprehensive coverage on the latest developments of research in the ever-expanding area of composite materials and their applications to broad scientific fields spanning physics, chemistry, biology, materials, and more.

Compatibilization of Polymer Blends

Compatibilization of Polymer Blends
Author: Ajitha A. R,Sabu Thomas
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2019-10-10
ISBN 10: 0128162880
ISBN 13: 9780128162880
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Compatibilization of Polymer Blends Book Review:

Compatibilization of Polymer Blends: Micro and Nano Scale Phase Morphologies, Interphase Characterization and Properties offers a comprehensive approach to the use of compatibilizers in polymer blends, examining both fundamental and advanced knowledge in the field. The book begins by introducing polymer blends, describing thermodynamics, miscibility, and phase separation, and explaining the main concepts of compatibilization. Other sections cover theoretical approaches for nearly compatible blends, incompatible blends, nanofillers, physical compatibilization, reactive compatibilization, morphological and structural characterization, and physico-mechanical characterization. Finally, key application areas are covered, including biomedical applications, packaging and automobile engineering. While this book will be a highly valuable reference source for academics, researchers and postgraduate students interested in polymer blends, it will also be ideal for anyone involved in the fields of polymer science, polymer chemistry, polymer physics, materials science, scientists, R&D professionals, and engineers in involved in the development or engineering of polymer products. Offers detailed and systematic coverage of essential and advanced topics relating to the compatibilization of polymer blends Presents a critical analysis of the effect of compatibilization on morphology and thermal, mechanical, electrical and viscoelastic properties of polymer blends Draws on novel studies and state-of-the-art research, discussing the latest issues and developments

Encyclopedia of Polymer Blends Volume 2

Encyclopedia of Polymer Blends  Volume 2
Author: Avraam I. Isayev,Sanjay Palsule
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 422
Release: 2016-09-12
ISBN 10: 3527805222
ISBN 13: 9783527805228
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Polymer Blends Volume 2 Book Review:

A complete and timely overview of the topic, this volume imparts knowledge of fundamental principles and their applications for academicians, scientists and researchers, while informing engineers, industrialists and entrepreneurs of the current state of the technology and its utilization. Each article is uniformly structured for easy navigation, containing the latest research & development and its basic principles and applications, examples of case studies, laboratory and pilot plant experiments, as well as due reference to the published and patented literature.

Clay containing Polymeric Nanocomposites

Clay containing Polymeric Nanocomposites
Author: L. A. Utracki
Publsiher: iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9781859574829
ISBN 13: 1859574823
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Clay containing Polymeric Nanocomposites Book Review:

Polylactide Foams

Polylactide Foams
Author: Mohammadreza Nofar,Chul B. Park
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2017-09-18
ISBN 10: 0128139927
ISBN 13: 9780128139929
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polylactide Foams Book Review:

Polylactide Foams: Fundamentals, Manufacturing, and Applications provides an introduction to the fundamental science behind plastic foams, polylactic acid) and polylactide foaming, giving designers tactics to replace traditional resins with sustainable and biodegradable materials. The book then delves deeper into the technology behind PLA foaming, such as PLA/gas mixture characteristics, solubility, interfacial tension behaviors and crystallization kinetics of various types of PLA and their compounds. The foaming behaviors and mechanisms of various types of PLA and PLA compounds are extensively analyzed and discussed through different manufacturing technologies, namely extrusion foaming, foam injection molding and bead foaming. Interest in Poly(lactic acid) and PLA foams is extremely high – particularly as a potential replacement for styrenic resins – and the price of PLA resin is lower than ever before. This biopolymer has significant potential to improve the sustainability of the plastics industry. Polylactide Foams have a range of potential applications, such as in construction, packaging, insulation, biomedical scaffolds, and others. However, processing and performance of PLA are not at the same level as other non-biodegradable resins. Introduces the concepts behind foaming, poly(lactic acid) and PLA foaming Supports further research and development in PLA foams by covering the state-of-the-art in different manufacturing and processing methods Provides practical guidance for materials scientists and engineers in industry looking to replace traditional polymer resins with a sustainable, biodegradable alternative

Cellulose Nanocrystal Nanoparticles Hybrid Nanocomposites

Cellulose Nanocrystal Nanoparticles Hybrid Nanocomposites
Author: Denis Rodrigue,Abou el Kacem Qaiss,Rachid Bouhfid
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 292
Release: 2021-09-01
ISBN 10: 0128230908
ISBN 13: 9780128230909
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cellulose Nanocrystal Nanoparticles Hybrid Nanocomposites Book Review:

Cellulose Nanocrystal/Nanoparticles Hybrid Nanocomposites: From Preparation to Applications presents a broad survey of the main innovations in the field of functionalized cellulose at the nanoscale and for hybrid nanoparticles-based nanocomposites for industrial application. The book covers the properties and applications of cellulose, including particle extraction, synthesis, functionalization of cellulose at the nanoscale, and hybrid nanoparticles and their processing and characterizations. Readers will find this to be a single and comprehensive reference for future research on polymer-based nanocomposites. Hybrid nanocomposites based on cellulose at the nanoscale, and hybridized with other reinforcement agents represent a key advance in polymer-based materials. Cellulose is considered the most abundant polymer on the planet and an essential renewable resource. There is considerable research interest in the simple extraction and synthesis, nanoscale dimensions, high aspect ratio, mechanical, electrical and thermal properties of cellulose at the nanoscale and its hybridized materials. Nanocomposites and bio-nanocomposites with hybrid reinforcements, for example, are novel materials with enhanced properties due to the integration of cellulose with other nanoparticles, and new methods have been developed to extract cellulose at the nanoscale. The extracted cellulose shows potential applications in nanocomposites, and functionalization techniques are essential to create enhanced nanocomposites, particularly for hybrid nanoparticles. Presents the state-of-the-art in functionalized cellulose at the nanoscale, along with industrial applications of hybrid-nanoparticles-based nanocomposites Details the properties and applications of cellulose at the nanoscale and for hybrid nanocomposites Gives updates on hybrid nanoparticles, including the processing and characterization of nanocomposites Brings together expertise from chemistry, polymer science, engineering and manufacturing

Biodegradable Polymer Blends and Composites from Renewable Resources

Biodegradable Polymer Blends and Composites from Renewable Resources
Author: Long Yu
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2009-03-25
ISBN 10: 0470391553
ISBN 13: 9780470391556
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biodegradable Polymer Blends and Composites from Renewable Resources Book Review:

Biodegradable Polymer Blends and Composites from Renewable Resources provides a comprehensive, current overview of biopolymeric blends and composites and their applications in various industries. The book is organized according to the type of blend or composite. For each topic, the relationship between the structure of the blends/composites and their respective properties is explored, with particular focus on interface, compatibility, mechanical, and thermal properties. Real-life applications and potential markets are discussed. This is a premier reference for graduate students and researchers in polymer science, chemical and bio engineering, and materials science.