Renewable Motor Fuels

Renewable Motor Fuels
Author: Arthur M. Brownstein
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 134
Release: 2014-10-07
ISBN 10: 0128010134
ISBN 13: 9780128010136
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Renewable Motor Fuels Book Review:

Considering the ever-rising costs of traditional fuel paired with the increasing scarcity of its resources, it’s easy to see why exploring renewable fuels has become an increasingly critical goal for engineers, researchers, and end-users alike. However, due to the great diversity of technologies, policies, and attitudes, it can be difficult to gain a good well-rounded understanding of these types of fuels. Renewable Motor Fuels: The Past, the Present and the Uncertain Future presents an opportunity to gain an insightful understanding of all the key aspects of alternative automotive fuels in one book. Author Arthur Brownstein describes various sources of renewable motor fuels (including ethanol, algae, isobutanol, natural gas, and battery power) and their production processes, specific properties, and economic advantages/disadvantages. This comprehensive coverage of such an important topic is crucial for anyone with an interest in renewable fuels, from researchers to engineers to end-users. Presents a clear overview on a variety of renewable motor fuel technologies, balancing history, technology, and policy Provides the status of current and developing renewable motor fuel technologies and their uses worldwide Discusses the competitive economics of renewable fuel processes and their respective market interactions

Impacts on U S Energy Expenditures and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Increasing Renewable Energy Use

Impacts on U S  Energy Expenditures and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Increasing Renewable Energy Use
Author: Michael Toman,James Griffin,Robert J. Lempert
Publsiher: Rand Corporation
Total Pages: 116
Release: 2008-06-24
ISBN 10: 0833046691
ISBN 13: 9780833046697
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Impacts on U S Energy Expenditures and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Increasing Renewable Energy Use Book Review:

How could producing 25 percent of U.S. electricity and motor-vehicle transportation fuels from renewables by the year 2025 affect U.S. consumer energy expenditures and CO2 emissions? This report finds that reaching 25 percent renewables with limited impact on expenditures requires significant progress in renewable-energy technologies and biomass production. Without substantial innovation in these areas, expenditures could increase considerably.

Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass Via Fast Pyrolysis Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking

Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass Via Fast Pyrolysis  Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:727358550
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Production of Gasoline and Diesel from Biomass Via Fast Pyrolysis Hydrotreating and Hydrocracking Book Review:

The purpose of this study is to evaluate a processing pathway for converting biomass into infrastructure-compatible hydrocarbon biofuels. This design case investigates production of fast pyrolysis oil from biomass and the upgrading of that bio-oil as a means for generating infrastructure-ready renewable gasoline and diesel fuels. This study has been conducted using similar methodology and underlying basis assumptions as the previous design cases for ethanol. The overall concept and specific processing steps were selected because significant data on this approach exists in the public literature. The analysis evaluates technology that has been demonstrated at the laboratory scale or is in early stages of commercialization. The fast pyrolysis of biomass is already at an early stage of commercialization, while upgrading bio-oil to transportation fuels has only been demonstrated in the laboratory and at small engineering development scale. Advanced methods of pyrolysis, which are under development, are not evaluated in this study. These may be the subject of subsequent analysis by OBP. The plant is designed to use 2000 dry metric tons/day of hybrid poplar wood chips to produce 76 million gallons/year of gasoline and diesel. The processing steps include: 1. Feed drying and size reduction 2. Fast pyrolysis to a highly oxygenated liquid product 3. Hydrotreating of the fast pyrolysis oil to a stable hydrocarbon oil with less than 2% oxygen 4. Hydrocracking of the heavy portion of the stable hydrocarbon oil 5. Distillation of the hydrotreated and hydrocracked oil into gasoline and diesel fuel blendstocks 6. Hydrogen production to support the hydrotreater reactors. The "as received" feedstock to the pyrolysis plant will be "reactor ready". This development will likely further decrease the cost of producing the fuel. An important sensitivity is the possibility of co-locating the plant with an existing refinery. In this case, the plant consists only of the first three steps: feed prep, fast pyrolysis, and upgrading. Stabilized, upgraded pyrolysis oil is transferred to the refinery for separation and finishing into motor fuels. The off-gas from the hydrotreaters is also transferred to the refinery, and in return the refinery provides lower-cost hydrogen for the hydrotreaters. This reduces the capital investment. Production costs near $2/gal (in 2007 dollars) and petroleum industry infrastructure-ready products make the production and upgrading of pyrolysis oil to hydrocarbon fuels an economically attractive source of renewable fuels. The study also identifies technical areas where additional research can potentially lead to further cost improvements.

Motor Fuel Excise Taxes

Motor Fuel Excise Taxes
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 2
Release: 2015
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:930077361
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Motor Fuel Excise Taxes Book Review:

A new report from the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) explores the role of alternative fuels and energy efficient vehicles in motor fuel taxes. Throughout the United States, it is common practice for federal, state, and local governments to tax motor fuels on a per gallon basis to fund construction and maintenance of our transportation infrastructure. In recent years, however, expenses have outpaced revenues creating substantial funding shortfalls that have required supplemental funding sources. While rising infrastructure costs and the decreasing purchasing power of the gas tax are significant factors contributing to the shortfall, the increased use of alternative fuels and more stringent fuel economy standards are also exacerbating revenue shortfalls. The current dynamic places vehicle efficiency and petroleum use reduction polices at direct odds with policies promoting robust transportation infrastructure. Understanding the energy, transportation, and environmental tradeoffs of motor fuel tax policies can be complicated, but recent experiences at the state level are helping policymakers align their energy and environmental priorities with highway funding requirements.

Biomass for Renewable Energy Fuels and Chemicals

Biomass for Renewable Energy  Fuels  and Chemicals
Author: Donald L. Klass
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 651
Release: 1998-07-06
ISBN 10: 9780080528052
ISBN 13: 0080528058
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biomass for Renewable Energy Fuels and Chemicals Book Review:

Biomass for Renewable Energy, Fuels, and Chemicals serves as a comprehensive introduction to the subject for the student and educator, and is useful for researchers who are interested in the technical details of biomass energy production. The coverage and discussion are multidisciplinary, reflecting the many scientific and engineering disciplines involved. The book will appeal to a broad range of energy professionals and specialists, farmers and foresters who are searching for methods of selecting, growing, and converting energy crops, entrepreneurs who are commercializing biomass energy projects, and those involved in designing solid and liquid waste disposal-energy recovery systems. Presents a graduated treatment from basic principles to the details of specific technologies Includes a critical analysis of many biomass energy research and commercialization activities Proposes several new technical approaches to improve efficiencies, net energy production, and economics Reviews failed projects, as well as successes, and methods for overcoming barriers to commercialization Written by a leader in the field with 40 years of educational, research, and commercialization experience

Renewable Fuels Infrastructure August 3 2007 110 1 House Report 110 306 Part 1

Renewable Fuels Infrastructure  August 3  2007  110 1 House Report 110 306  Part 1
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015085443995
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Renewable Fuels Infrastructure August 3 2007 110 1 House Report 110 306 Part 1 Book Review:

Handbook of Fuels

Handbook of Fuels
Author: Barbara Elvers
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 576
Release: 2021-11-08
ISBN 10: 3527333851
ISBN 13: 9783527333851
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Fuels Book Review:

A guide to industrially relevant products and processes for transportation fuels The Handbook of Fuels offers a comprehensive review of the wide variety of fuels used to power vehicles, aircraft and ships and examines the processes to produce these fuels. The updated second edition reflects the growing importance of fuels and fuel additives from renewable sources. New chapters include information on current production technology and use of bioethanol, biomethanol and biomass-to-liquid fuels. The book also reviews novel additives and performanace enhancers for conventional engines and fuels for novel bybrid engines. This comprehensive resource contains critical information on the legal, safety, and environmental issues associated with the production and use of fuels as well as reviewing important secondary aspects of the use and production of fuels. This authoritative guide includes contributions from authors who are long-standing contributors to the Ullmann's Encyclopedia, the world's most trusted reference for industrial chemistry. This important guide: Contains an updated edition of the authoritative resource to the production and use of fuels used for transportation Includes information that has been selected to reflect only commercially relevant products and processes Presents contributions from a team of noted experts in the field Offers the most recent developments in fuels and additives from renewable sources Written for professionals in the fields of fossil and renewable fuels, engine design, and transportation, Handbook of Fuels is the comprehensive resource that has been revised to reflect the recent developments in fuels used for transportation.

Motor Fuels

Motor Fuels
Author: DIANE Publishing Company
Publsiher: DIANE Publishing
Total Pages: 64
Release: 1996-10
ISBN 10: 0788134531
ISBN 13: 9780788134531
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Motor Fuels Book Review:

Summarizes: results of fed. and other studies on the cost-effectiveness of using Reformulated Gasoline (RG) compared to other measures to control auto emissions and compares the price estimates used in the studies; results of studies estimating the potential for oxygenates to reduce the use of petroleum; ongoing fed. research into biofuels, including any past or projected cost-reduction goals and any increased demand estimates based on such research goals; results of studies that estimate the potential for RG to reduce greenhouse gas emissions compared to conventional gasoline.

Selected Issues Related to an Expansion of the Renewable Fuel Standard RFS

Selected Issues Related to an Expansion of the Renewable Fuel Standard  RFS
Author: Brent D. Yacobucci
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 24
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:183189708
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Selected Issues Related to an Expansion of the Renewable Fuel Standard RFS Book Review:

High petroleum and gasoline prices, concerns over global climate change, and the desire to promote domestic rural economies have greatly increased interest in biofuels as an alternative to petroleum in the U.S. transportation sector. Biofuels, most notably corn ethanol, have grown significantly in the past few years as a component of U.S. motor fuel supply. Ethanol, the most commonly used biofuel, is blended in nearly half of all U.S. gasoline (at the 10% level or lower in most cases). However, current biofuel supply only represents about 4% of total gasoline demand. While recent proposals have set the goal of significantly expanding biofuel supply in the coming decades, questions remain about the ability of the U.S. biofuel industry to meet rapidly increasing demand. Current U.S. biofuel supply relies almost exclusively on ethanol produced from Midwest corn. In 2006, 20% of the U.S. corn crop was used for ethanol production. To meet some of the higher ethanol production goals would require more corn than the United States currently produces, if all of the envisioned ethanol was made from corn. Due to the concerns with significant expansion in corn-based ethanol supply, interest has grown in expanding the market for biodiesel produced from soybeans and other oil crops. However, a significant increase in U.S. biofuels would likely require a movement away from food and grain crops as feedstocks. Other biofuel feedstock sources, including cellulosic biomass, are promising, but technological barriers make their future uncertain. Therefore, some proposals would require ever-larger amounts of biofuels produced from feedstocks other than corn starch, including sugarcane, oil crops, and cellulose, to promote the development of these fuels. The Senate-passed energy bill (H.R. 6) would require the use of 36 billion gallons of renewable fuels annually in 2022, of which only 15 billion gallons could be ethanol from corn starch. The remaining 21 billion gallons would be so-called "advanced biofuels." The current RFS would only require the use of 7.5 billion gallons in 2012, increasing to an expected 8.6 billion gallons in 2022, of which only 250 million gallons of cellulosic biofuels would be required. Issues facing the U.S. biofuels industry include potential agricultural "feedstock" supplies, and the associated market and environmental effects of a major shift in U.S. agricultural production; the energy supply needed to grow feedstocks and process them into fuel; and barriers to expanded infrastructure needed to deliver more and more biofuels to the market. A key question is whether a renewable fuel mandate is the most effective policy to promote the above goals. This report outlines some of the current supply issues facing biofuels industries, including implications for agricultural feedstocks, infrastructure concerns, energy supply for biofuel production, and fuel price uncertainties. This report supersedes CRS Report RL33928, Ethanol and Biofuels: Agriculture, Infrastructure, and Market Constraints Related to Expanded Production.

Why are We Producing Biofuels

Why are We Producing Biofuels
Author: Robert Clinton Brown,Tristan R. Brown
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 341
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 9780984090631
ISBN 13: 0984090630
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Why are We Producing Biofuels Book Review:

"Why Are We Producing Biofuels?" is written for those who are curious about efforts to introduce biofuels into our energy supply but are not satisfied with the publically accessible information on the subject. Written by experts in the field, this book provides educators, policy makers, and business leaders, and the general public with an insider's understanding of the current research in the field as well as an appreciation of the debates surrounding biofuels. This book explores the opportunity to advance a sustainable energy future through the development of advanced biofuels. By examining the emergence of first generation biofuels and the kinds of technologies being developed for advanced biofuels, the book also articulates the challenges that must be overcome: Will the industry be driven by technological innovation or government policy? If not gasoline and diesel, what fuel will propel our vehicles? How is it that we are using food crops to produce motor fuels? What do the recent criticisms about biofuels portend for its future? How is it possible that a renewable fuel can contribute to global climate change? What kinds of biomass occur in sufficient quantity to help displace imported petroleum? How can these feedstocks be transformed into transportation fuels? What is the most likely future of fuels? Table of Contents Chapter 1 Answer in brief Chapter 2 What are the origins of the biofuels era? Chapter 3 Why do we need to end our addiction to oil? Chapter 4 What are our alternatives to imported petroleum? Chapter 5 What are our alternatives to gasoline? Chapter 6 Why are we producing grain ethanol and biodiesel? Chapter 7 Why are we developing advanced biofuels? Chapter 8 How can we turn lipids into advanced biofuels? Chapter 9 How can we turn cellulose into advanced biofuels? Chapter 10 How can we use heat to produce biofuels? Chapter 11 What is the future of fuels?"

PERFORMANCE OF BIODIESEL IN IN

PERFORMANCE OF BIODIESEL IN IN
Author: 鄭永權,Wing-Kuen Cheng
Publsiher: Open Dissertation Press
Total Pages: 104
Release: 2017-01-28
ISBN 10: 9781374799431
ISBN 13: 1374799432
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

PERFORMANCE OF BIODIESEL IN IN Book Review:

This dissertation, "The Performance of Biodiesel in In-service Motor Vehicles in HongKong" by 鄭永權, Wing-kuen, Cheng, was obtained from The University of Hong Kong (Pokfulam, Hong Kong) and is being sold pursuant to Creative Commons: Attribution 3.0 Hong Kong License. The content of this dissertation has not been altered in any way. We have altered the formatting in order to facilitate the ease of printing and reading of the dissertation. All rights not granted by the above license are retained by the author. Abstract: Abstract of the thesis entitled "The Performance of Biodiesel in In-Service Motor Vehicles in Hong Kong" submitted by Cheng Wing-kuen for the degree of Master of Philosophy at The University of Hong Kong in August 2003 Biodiesel is an alternative fuel produced from renewable feedstocks such as vegetable oil and animal fats. Its renewable properties can contribute to improving the atmospheric carbon cycle and diminishing greenhouse effects. Biodiesel can also be produced by using waste lipids from factories and restaurants. In this case it can also contribute to reducing pollution and cutting handling costs for landfill dumping and wastewater treatment. Other advantages of biodiesel include a reduction of air pollutants and lower consumption of petroleum diesel. Although biodiesel has been developed for more than a decade, it has not been widely utilised in automobile applications. As the potential of this fuel deserves further study, I conducted a feasibility study on the use of biodiesel as a motor fuel in Hong Kong, and my findings are reported in this thesis. In this study I evaluated the performance of local in-service motor vehicles run on biodiesel in terms of: (a) engine performance and emission behaviour; and (b) short term and long term effects on engine compatibility and durability. In this thesis I present the results of chassis dynamometer emission testing, on-road measurement, and laboratory compatibility study on elastomers. The data are used to evaluate the impact of biodiesel blends. The average results of B20 show small variations in engine power (-1%) and NOx emission (0%), but a moderate reduction in smoke (-15%), CO (-15%) and HC (-13%) emissions was noted. For B100, there was a small drop in engine power (-3%) but a very significant reduction in smoke (-52%), CO (-27%) and HC (-38%) emissions. A moderate increase in NOx emission (+9%) was observed. The results of the on-road tests showed that neat biodiesel fuels are able to reduce CO emission considerably (-26%), but a moderate increase in NOx emission was also observed. As its effects on engine power were insignificant, and it substantially reduced smoke level, biodiesel demonstrated fast and lasting effects on engine performance and exhaust emissions. However, the negative results obtained from the fuel hose compatibility test demonstrate that certain technical problems must be overcome to ensure that roadworthiness is compromised by the use of this fuel. This research covers several aspects and identifies most of the technical problems that will be encountered in the use of biodiesel fuels. Although component retrofitting and monitoring measures will be required to facilitate the introduction of biodiesel, the encouraging results of this investigation demonstrate that biodiesel has great potential as a future motor fuel in Hong Kong because of its environmental benefits. (414 words) ii DOI: 10.5353/th_b2666533 Subjects: Motor fuels - Environmental aspects - China - Hong Kong Biodiesel fuels - China - Hong Kong Biodiesel fuels - Testing

Primer on Motor Fuel Excise Taxes and the Role of Alternative Fuels and Energy Efficient Vehicles

Primer on Motor Fuel Excise Taxes and the Role of Alternative Fuels and Energy Efficient Vehicles
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 46
Release: 2015
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:925451386
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Primer on Motor Fuel Excise Taxes and the Role of Alternative Fuels and Energy Efficient Vehicles Book Review:

Motor fuel taxes were established to finance our nation's transportation infrastructure, yet evolving economic, political, and technological influences are constraining this ability. At the federal level, the Highway Trust Fund (HTF), which is primarily funded by motor fuel taxes, has become increasingly dependent on general fund contributions and short-term reauthorizations to prevent insolvency. As a result, there are discussions at both the federal and state levels in which stakeholders are examining the future of motor fuel excise taxes as well as the role of electric and alternative fuel vehicles in that future. On July 1, 2015, six states increased their motor fuel tax rates.

Renewable Fuel Standard

Renewable Fuel Standard
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on Economic and Environmental Impacts of Increasing Biofuels Production
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2012-01-29
ISBN 10: 0309187516
ISBN 13: 9780309187510
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Renewable Fuel Standard Book Review:

In the United States, we have come to depend on plentiful and inexpensive energy to support our economy and lifestyles. In recent years, many questions have been raised regarding the sustainability of our current pattern of high consumption of nonrenewable energy and its environmental consequences. Further, because the United States imports about 55 percent of the nation's consumption of crude oil, there are additional concerns about the security of supply. Hence, efforts are being made to find alternatives to our current pathway, including greater energy efficiency and use of energy sources that could lower greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions such as nuclear and renewable sources, including solar, wind, geothermal, and biofuels. The United States has a long history with biofuels and the nation is on a course charted to achieve a substantial increase in biofuels. Renewable Fuel Standard evaluates the economic and environmental consequences of increasing biofuels production as a result of Renewable Fuels Standard, as amended by EISA (RFS2). The report describes biofuels produced in 2010 and those projected to be produced and consumed by 2022, reviews model projections and other estimates of the relative impact on the prices of land, and discusses the potential environmental harm and benefits of biofuels production and the barriers to achieving the RFS2 consumption mandate. Policy makers, investors, leaders in the transportation sector, and others with concerns for the environment, economy, and energy security can rely on the recommendations provided in this report.

The Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Motor Fuel Emissions Miscellaneous Amendments EU Exit Regulations 2021

The Renewable Energy  Energy Efficiency and Motor Fuel Emissions  Miscellaneous Amendments   EU Exit  Regulations 2021
Author: Great Britain
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 4
Release: 2021-10-06
ISBN 10: 9780348227932
ISBN 13: 0348227930
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Motor Fuel Emissions Miscellaneous Amendments EU Exit Regulations 2021 Book Review:

Enabling power: European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018, s. 8 (1), sch. 7, para. 21. Issued: 06.10.2021. Sifted: 21.04.2021. Made: 01.10.2021. Laid: 06.10.2021. Coming into force: 28.10.2021. Effect: S.I. 2007/3072; 2011/243; 2012/3030; 2014/952, 1403 amended. Territorial extent & classification: E/W/S/NI. General

Sustainable Mobility

Sustainable Mobility
Author: Raphael Edinger,Sanjay Kaul
Publsiher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Total Pages: 134
Release: 2003
ISBN 10: 1567204848
ISBN 13: 9781567204841
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustainable Mobility Book Review:

A wide-ranging, forthright examination of why fuels from renewable resources are an ever more attractive source of power, at a time when the environment is suffering from pollution by fossil fuels that can only get worse.

Ethanol in America

Ethanol in America
Author: Department of Energy (DOE),Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office,Geothermal Technologies Program,U. S. Government
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 112
Release: 2018-03-04
ISBN 10: 9781980462446
ISBN 13: 1980462445
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ethanol in America Book Review:

Here is unique information about ethanol, cellulosic ethanol, and E85 fuels from the DOE. Contents: Part 1: Handbook for Handling, Storing, and Dispensing E85; Part 2: Understanding the Growth of the Cellulosic Ethanol Industry. E85 Handbook: This document serves as a guide for blenders, distributors, sellers, and users of E85 as an alternative motor fuel. It provides basic information on the proper and safe use of E85 and offers supporting technical and policy references. E85 is an alternative motor fuel authorized by the Energy Policy Act (EPAct) of 1992, Section 301(2). As defined by EPAct, E85 is composed of 85% fuel grade ethanol and 15% hydrocarbons in the gasoline boiling range. Ethanol is a renewable, domestically produced fuel that can be made from grains, such as corn or wheat, or from biomass or cellulose sources, such as prairie grass and agricultural, forestry, or municipal waste matter. Several research studies show that E85 has the potential to substantially reduce petroleum fuel use and greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs). Driven by increasing gasoline prices, the market for E85 is growing. With consumer demand for alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs) increasing, auto manufacturers are working to produce more flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs), which are capable of operating on E85 or gasoline or a combination of the two. As of May 2010, there were 8.35 million FFVs on U.S. roads, and automakers were planning to produce several million more each year. FFVs are available in most vehicle classes, including sedans, minivans, trucks, and sport utility vehicles. The number of E85 fueling stations is growing rapidly nationwide. As of June 2010, there were 2,051 retail stations (out of 162,000 nationwide) offering E85 across the country. Several key factors affecting E85 growth and acceptance were recently addressed. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a guidance document to states defining a process by which they could determine whether "Stage II" gasoline vapor recovery equipment would be required for new E85 pumps. In October 2007, Underwriters Laboratories, Inc., (UL) established standardized testing procedures for E85 fuel dispensers that address the unique properties of alcohol fuels when blended with gasoline. This testing standard (UL Subject 87A) was updated in August 2009. In addition, UL announced equipment listed for E85 use in June 2010. Cellulosic Ethanol Industry: This report identifies, outlines, and documents a set of plausible scenarios for producing significant quantities of lignocellulosic ethanol in 2017. These scenarios can provide guidance for setting government policy and targeting government investment to the areas with greatest potential impact. A prototype version of the Biomass Scenario Model (BSM) was used to develop the scenarios. The analysis underlying the scenario-generation exercise focuses on understanding the impact of two types of proposed government policies on the deployment of cellulosic biofuels technologies: Policies focused on reducing operating costs associated with cellulosic ethanol production. These policies include payments to feedstock producers and subsidies associated with production of cellulosic ethanol. Policies focused on reducing capital costs associated with cellulosic ethanol production. These policies include capital subsidies for construction of full-scale cellulosic ethanol production plants.

Renewable Fuels

Renewable Fuels
Author: Jill C. Wheeler
Publsiher: ABDO Publishing Company
Total Pages: 32
Release: 2010-09-01
ISBN 10: 1617848123
ISBN 13: 9781617848124
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Renewable Fuels Book Review:

With easy-to-read text, full-color photos, and captivating graphics, this book examines the background, pros and cons, and future of renewable fuels. Readers will learn about corn ethanol, cellulosic ethanol, biodiesel, landfill gas, and methane digesters. These fuels, including E85 and soy biodiesel, are compared and contrasted with widely used fossil fuels. The process of turning grains into ethanol is broken down into easy-to-follow steps, and the role of ethanol in the carbon cycle is simplified in an illustrated diagram. Environmental topics such as pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, and global warming are also introduced. In addition, a colorful timeline highlights advances in renewable fuels. Informative sidebars, bold glossary terms, and an index accompany engaging text and interactive graphic elements.

Transportation Energy Data Book

Transportation Energy Data Book
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1984
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UVA:X000849543
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transportation Energy Data Book Book Review:

Energy Fact Book

Energy Fact Book
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1976
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105211338129
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Energy Fact Book Book Review:

Federal Renewable Fuels Regulations

Federal Renewable Fuels Regulations
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 3
Release: 2019
ISBN 10: 9780660302102
ISBN 13: 0660302101
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Federal Renewable Fuels Regulations Book Review:

"Under the Renewable Fuels Regulations (the "Regulations"), "high-renewable-content fuel" is a liquid petroleum fuel whose renewable fuel content is: greater than 10% and less than or equal to 85% of the volume of the fuel, if the fuel is gasoline; greater than 5% and less than or equal to 80% of the volume of the fuel, if the fuel is diesel fuel; and greater than 25% and less than or equal to 80% of the volume of the fuel, in any other case"--Page [1].