Reactive Oxygen Species ROS Nanoparticles and Endoplasmic Reticulum ER Stress Induced Cell Death Mechanisms

Reactive Oxygen Species  ROS   Nanoparticles  and Endoplasmic Reticulum  ER  Stress Induced Cell Death Mechanisms
Author: Loutfy H. Madkour
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 780
Release: 2020-06-27
ISBN 10: 0128224967
ISBN 13: 9780128224960
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Reactive Oxygen Species ROS Nanoparticles and Endoplasmic Reticulum ER Stress Induced Cell Death Mechanisms Book Review:

Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS), Nanoparticles, and Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Stress-Induced Cell Death Mechanisms presents the role of ROS‒mediated pathways cellular signaling stress, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, oxidative stress, oxidative damage, nanomaterials, and the mechanisms by which metalloids and nanoparticles induce their toxic effects. The book covers the ecotoxicology of environmental heavy metal ions and free radicals on macromolecules cells organisms, heavy metals‒induced cell responses, oxidative stress, the source of oxidants, and the roles of ROS, oxidative stress and oxidative damage mechanisms. It also examines the nanotoxicity, cytotoxicity and genotoxicity mechanisms of nanomaterials and the effects of nanoparticle interactions. Antioxidant defense therapy and strategies for treatment round out the book, making it an ideal resource for researchers and professional scientists in toxicology, environmental chemistry, environmental science, nanomaterials and the pharmaceutical sciences. Covers the ecotoxicology of environmental heavy metal ions and the interactions between specific heavy metals‒induced cell responses and oxidative stress Provides a better understanding of the mechanism of nanomaterial-induced toxicity as a first defense for hazard prevention Covers recent advances in new nanomedication technologies for the effects of NPs on oxidative stress, ROS and ER stress Discusses the effects of interactions between antioxidant defense therapy, ROS and strategies for treatment

Nanoparticles Induce Oxidative and Endoplasmic Reticulum Stresses

Nanoparticles Induce Oxidative and Endoplasmic Reticulum Stresses
Author: Loutfy H. Madkour
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2020-03-14
ISBN 10: 9783030372965
ISBN 13: 3030372960
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanoparticles Induce Oxidative and Endoplasmic Reticulum Stresses Book Review:

This book provides insights and tools for better understanding redox biology and medicine and, in the long run, to finding new therapeutic strategies to target dysregulated redox processes in various diseases. It presents the recent advances in new nanomedication technologies of the effects of nanoparticles NPs on oxidative stress, RONS and ER stress. The book comprises 13 chapters covering ecotoxicology, cytotoxicity, nanotoxicity and genotoxicity mechanisms causing by the role and interactions of nanoparticles and free radicals with (RONS) and (ER) stress. Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) Stress as a mechanism for NPs induced toxicity has been discussed. The advances of nanotechnology and the effects of nanoparticles on oxidative stress, ROS and ER stress parameters are discussed. Antioxidants, therapeutic options and regulation of the immune responses are explained throughout the book.

Free Radicals Antioxidants and Diseases

Free Radicals  Antioxidants and Diseases
Author: Rizwan Ahmad
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 148
Release: 2018-08-01
ISBN 10: 1789235642
ISBN 13: 9781789235647
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Free Radicals Antioxidants and Diseases Book Review:

The current book entitled Free Radicals, Antioxidants, and Diseases gives an idea of detecting free radicals in vivo by newer techniques and provides insights into the roles played by various antioxidants in combating diseases caused by oxidative stress. The chapters included in this volume showcase new investigation in this field by the research groups around the world.

BCL 2 Protein Family

BCL   2 Protein Family
Author: Claudio Hetz
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 145
Release: 2011-01-12
ISBN 10: 9781441967060
ISBN 13: 1441967060
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

BCL 2 Protein Family Book Review:

In this book, scientists pioneering the field have compiled a series of focused chapters to highlight the relevance of the BCL‐2 family of proteins in apoptosis, physiology and disease. An important focus of this volume is considering the potential TH ERA PEUT IC benefits of targeting apoptosis pathways in the context of human disease. Readers interested in understanding how a cell handles stress and the consequences of dysregulation of this process for human disease will find this book very valuable. It attempts to describe a fascinating area of research where physiology and biomedicine converge at different levels, revealing a trip from the molecular regulation of apoptosis to the impact of this process to the physiology of a whole organism.

Current Understanding of Apoptosis

Current Understanding of Apoptosis
Author: Yusuf Tutar,Lutfi Tutar
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 160
Release: 2018-08-29
ISBN 10: 1789235006
ISBN 13: 9781789235005
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Current Understanding of Apoptosis Book Review:

Apoptosis is an essential biochemical process in cell turnover, development, and chemical-induced cell death. Current knowledge and ongoing research of apoptosis highlight our understanding in designing the therapeutic approaches for several diseases. This book covers four main sections: "Apoptosis and Necrosis," "Apoptosis Inducers," "Proteasome and Signaling Pathways in Apoptosis," and "Radiation-Based Apoptosis." The first section implicitly describes the differences between apoptosis and necrosis processes. The following section elaborates the small molecule-induced apoptosis. Then, the third section deals with proteasome and signaling pathways and finally, resistance to chemotherapy and electromagnetic radiation is covered in the last section. Overall, the book deals with pathways for manipulating apoptosis and provides a unique perspective to the scientists.

The Islets of Langerhans

The Islets of Langerhans
Author: Md. Shahidul Islam
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 798
Release: 2010-03-10
ISBN 10: 9048132711
ISBN 13: 9789048132713
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Islets of Langerhans Book Review:

When new fellows join my lab, I give them some reading materials so that they can orient themselves in their assignment in a new eld. When fellows leave my lab, some after writing their dissertations, I prefer to give them a book as a symbolic present. I was longing for a book that contained something on more or less eve- thing about the islets. At the same time, I wished it contained information as recent as possible. There are a few such books in the market but they are pretty outdated. I started picking islets myself from October 1990, when I joined the Rolf Luft Center, Karolinska Institutet. Over the years my fascination for islet research remained high. Since last year, I felt a stronger urge to do more for these mysterious and hidden mini-organs that are directly or indirectly involved in the pathogenesis of all forms of diabetes that affects ?250 million people in the world. After I launched the Islet (landesbioscience. com/journals/islets) and founded the Islet Society (isletso- ety. org), there was a momentum that could be utilized to create something equally meaningful i. e. this book. The idea cracked in September 2008. Starting September 19, 2008, I contacted an estimated 90% of the authors who published anything on the islets during 2007–2008 and who could be traced from the internet.

Nanotoxicology and Nanosafety 2 0

Nanotoxicology and Nanosafety 2 0
Author: Ying-Jan Wang
Publsiher: MDPI
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2020-12-29
ISBN 10: 303936748X
ISBN 13: 9783039367481
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Nanotoxicology and Nanosafety 2 0 Book Review:

With the rapid development of nanotechnology, nanomaterials have been widely applied in many industrial sectors, including medicine, consumer products, and electronics. While such technology has brought benefits and convenience to our daily lives, it may also potentially threaten human health. In some cases, nanomaterials present unexpected risks to both humans and the environment. Assessments of the potential hazards associated with nanotechnology have been emerging, but substantial challenges remain, because the large number of different nanomaterials cannot be effectively evaluated in a timely manner. The development of a good strategy for a nanomaterials hazard assessment not only promotes the more widespread adoption of non-rodent or 3Rs principles, but also makes nanotoxicology testing more ethical, relevant, and cost- and time-efficient. A thorough understanding of the mechanisms by which nanomaterials perturb biological systems is critical for a more comprehensive elucidation of their nanotoxicity, and this will also facilitate the development of prevention and intervention policies against adverse outcomes induced by them. We hope that the articles included in this eBook can provide updated knowledge on nanotoxicology and nanosafety, from the point of view of both toxicology and ecotoxicology.

Metallic Nanoparticles

Metallic Nanoparticles
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2008-11-21
ISBN 10: 9780080559698
ISBN 13: 0080559697
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Metallic Nanoparticles Book Review:

Metallic nanoparticles display fascinating properties that are quite different from those of individual atoms, surfaces or bulk rmaterials. They are a focus of interest for fundamental science and, because of their huge potential in nanotechnology, they are the subject of intense research effort in a range of disciplines. Applications, or potential applications, are diverse and interdisciplinary. They include, for example, use in biochemistry, in catalysis and as chemical and biological sensors, as systems for nanoelectronics and nanostructured magnetism (e.g. data storage devices), where the drive for further miniaturization provides tremendous technological challenges and, in medicine, there is interest in their potential as agents for drug delivery. The book describes the structure of metallic nanoparticles, the experimental and theoretical techniques by which this is determined, and the models employed to facilitate understanding. The various methods for the production of nanoparticles are outlined. It surveys the properties of clusters and the methods of characterisation, such as photoionization, optical spectroscopy, chemical reactivity and magnetic behaviour, and discusses element-specific information that can be extracted by synchrotron-based techniques such as EXAFS, XMCD and XMLD. The properties of clusters can vary depending on whether they are free, deposited on a surface or embedded in a matrix of another material; these issues are explored. Clusters on a surface can be formed by the diffusion and aggregation of atoms; ways of modelling these processes are described. Finally we look at nanotechnology and examine the science behind the potential of metallic nanoparticles in chemical synthesis, catalysis, the magnetic separation of biomolecules, the detection of DNA, the controlled release of molecules and their relevance to data storage. The book addresses a wide audience. There was a huge development of the subject beginning in the mid-1980s where researchers began to study the properties of free nanoparticle and models were developed to describe the observations. The newcomer is introduced to the established models and techniques of the field without the need to refer to other sources to make the material accessible. It then takes the reader through to the latest research and provides a comprehensive list of references for those who wish to pursue particular aspects in more detail. It will also be an invaluable handbook for the expert in a particular aspect of nanoscale research who wishes to acquire knowledge of other areas. The authors are specialists in different aspects of the subject with expertise in physics and chemistry, experimental techniques and computational modelling, and in interdisciplinary research. They have collaborated in research. They have also collaborated in writing this book, with the aim from the outset of making it is a coherent whole rather than a series of independent loosely connected articles. * Appeals to a wide audience * Provides an introduction to established models and techniques in the field * Comprehensive list of references

Principles of Free Radical Biomedicine

Principles of Free Radical Biomedicine
Author: Kostas Pantopoulos,Hyman M. Schipper
Publsiher: Nova Biomedical
Total Pages: 642
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 9781612097749
ISBN 13: 161209774X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Free Radical Biomedicine Book Review:

Recent years have witnessed an avalanche of new knowledge implicating free radicals in virtually every aspect of biology and medicine. It is now axiomatic that the regulated accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) contributes to organismal health and well-being and that ROS serve as signaling molecules involved in cell growth, differentiation, gene regulation, replicative senescence and apoptosis. This book is an interdisciplinary text broken up into three consecutive volumes on the biochemistry and cellular/molecular biology of free radicals, transition metals, oxidants and antioxidants, and the role of oxidative stress in human health and disease.

Mitochondrial Diseases

Mitochondrial Diseases
Author: Eylem Taskin,Celal Guven,Yusuf Sevgiler
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 496
Release: 2018-08-29
ISBN 10: 1789236746
ISBN 13: 9781789236743
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Mitochondrial Diseases Book Review:

Mitochondria are crucial organelles for any cell type. Mitochondria take responsibility for not only energy production but also regulation of cell death, also called apoptosis; calcium storage; and heat production. Therefore, mitochondrial disease is implicated in the mode of action of many harmful factors for cells such as drugs and environmental contaminants, dysfunction of the oxygen transport system, malnutrition, intense exercise, and genetic variations. This book presents up-to-date knowledge about mitochondrial disease and its complex relation to some diseases such as cardiac failure, cancer, and Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases. This book will, therefore, be essential for readers who are interested in life sciences, especially in medicine.

Cell Surface GRP78 a New Paradigm in Signal Transduction Biology

Cell Surface GRP78  a New Paradigm in Signal Transduction Biology
Author: Salvatore V. Pizzo
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 144
Release: 2018-03-20
ISBN 10: 0128123524
ISBN 13: 9780128123522
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cell Surface GRP78 a New Paradigm in Signal Transduction Biology Book Review:

Cell Surface GRP78, a New Paradigm in Signal Transduction Biology presents a new paradigm that has emerged in the past decade with the discovery that various intracellular proteins may acquire new functions as cell surface receptors. Two very prominent examples are ATP synthase and GRP78. While the role of cell surface ATP synthase has been reviewed in various books, this book directs its attention to the story of cell surface GRP78. Edited by the researcher who identified cell surface expression of the molecular chaperone GRP78 as a major factor in prostate cancer and other malignancies Presents an in-depth treatment of the biological underpinnings of GRP78 and its connection to disease Provides four-color illustrations that facilitate the narrative

The Unfolded Protein Response in Cancer

The Unfolded Protein Response in Cancer
Author: Robert Clarke
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2019-03-01
ISBN 10: 303005067X
ISBN 13: 9783030050672
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Unfolded Protein Response in Cancer Book Review:

This volume presents state-of-the-art information on each of the arms of the unfolded protein response (UPR), how their activation/repression are regulated, integrated, and coordinated, how UPR components affect cancer cell biology and responsiveness to therapeutic interventions, and how UPR components/activities offer potentially novel targets for drug discovery, repurposing, and development. The volume will provide the most recent information on the signaling and regulation of the UPR, explore examples of how the UPR and/or specific components contribute to cancer biology, and identify and explore specific examples of potently new actionable targets for drug discovery and development from within the UPR and its regulation. Unique to the volume will be a specific focus on the UPR and its role in cancer biology, as well as a discussion of the role of the UPR in drug responses and resistance in cancer.

Engineered Nanoparticles

Engineered Nanoparticles
Author: Ashok K Singh
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 554
Release: 2015-11-24
ISBN 10: 012801492X
ISBN 13: 9780128014929
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Engineered Nanoparticles Book Review:

Engineered Nanoparticles: Structure, Properties and Mechanisms of Toxicity is an indispensable introduction to engineered nanomaterials (ENM) and their potential adverse effects on human health and the environment. Although research in the area of pharmacology and toxicology of ENM is rapidly advancing, a possible correlation between their physicochemical properties and biomedical properties or toxicity is not yet fully understood. This understanding is essential to develop strategies for the safe applications and handling of ENM. The book comprehensively defines the current understanding of ENM toxicity, first describing these materials and their physicochemical properties, and then discussing the toxicological theory and methodology before finally demonstrating the potential impact of ENM on the environment and human health. It represents an essential reference for students and investigators in toxicology, pharmacology, chemistry, material sciences, medicine, and those in related disciplines who require an introduction to ENM and their potential toxicological effects. Provides state-of-the-art physicochemical descriptions and methodologies for the characterization of engineered nanomaterials (ENM) Describes the potential toxicological effects of ENM and the nanotoxicological mechanisms of action Presents how to apply theory to practice in a public health and risk assessment setting

Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Health and Disease

Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Health and Disease
Author: Patrizia Agostinis,Samali Afshin
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 452
Release: 2012-08-13
ISBN 10: 9400743513
ISBN 13: 9789400743519
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Health and Disease Book Review:

The Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) is an organelle with extraordinary signaling and homeostatic functions. It is the organelle responsible for protein folding, maturation, quality control and trafficking of proteins destined for the plasma membrane or for secretion into the extracellular environment. Failure, overloading or malfunctioning of any of the signaling or quality control mechanisms occurring in the ER may provoke a stress condition known as ‘ER stress’. Accumulating evidence indicates that ER stress may dramatically perturb interactions between the cell and its environment, and contribute to the development of human diseases, ranging from metabolic diseases and cancer to neurodegenerative diseases, or impact therapeutic outcome. This book primarily focuses on the pathophysiology of ER stress. It introduces the molecular bases of ER stress, the emerging relevance of the ER-mitochondria cross-talk, the signaling pathways engaged and cellular responses to ER stress, including the adaptive Unfolded Protein Response (UPR), autophagy as well as cell death. Next the book addresses the role of ER stress in physiology and in the etiology of relevant pathological conditions, like carcinogenesis and inflammation, neurodegeneration and metabolic disease. The last chapter describes how ER stress pathways can be targeted for therapeutic benefit. Altogether, this book will provide the reader with an exhaustive view of ER stress biology and the latest insights in the role of ER stress in relevant human diseases.

Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine

Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine
Author: Barry Halliwell,John M. C. Gutteridge
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 896
Release: 2015-07-01
ISBN 10: 0198717482
ISBN 13: 9780198717485
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine Book Review:

Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine has become a classic text in the field of free radical and antioxidant research. Now in its fifth edition, the book has been comprehensively rewritten and updated whilst maintaining the clarity of its predecessors. Two new chapters discuss 'in vivo' and 'dietary' antioxidants, the first emphasising the role of peroxiredoxins and integrated defence mechanisms which allow useful roles for ROS, and the second containing new information on the role of fruits, vegetables, and vitamins in health and disease. This new edition also contains expanded coverage of the mechanisms of oxidative damage to lipids, DNA, and proteins (and the repair of such damage), and the roles played by reactive species in signal transduction, cell survival, death, human reproduction, defence mechanisms of animals and plants against pathogens, and other important biological events. The methodologies available to measure reactive species and oxidative damage (and their potential pitfalls) have been fully updated, as have the topics of phagocyte ROS production, NADPH oxidase enzymes, and toxicology. There is a detailed and critical evaluation of the role of free radicals and other reactive species in human diseases, especially cancer, cardiovascular, chronic inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases. New aspects of ageing are discussed in the context of the free radical theory of ageing. This book is recommended as a comprehensive introduction to the field for students, educators, clinicians, and researchers. It will also be an invaluable companion to all those interested in the role of free radicals in the life and biomedical sciences.

Free Radicals in Human Health and Disease

Free Radicals in Human Health and Disease
Author: Vibha Rani,Umesh Chand Singh Yadav
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 430
Release: 2014-11-14
ISBN 10: 8132220358
ISBN 13: 9788132220350
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Free Radicals in Human Health and Disease Book Review:

The role of oxidative stress in human disease has become an area of intense interest. Free radicals, a normal product of metabolism, exist in all aerobic cells in balance with biochemical antioxidants. Environmental stress increases the levels of free radicals drastically, thereby disturbing the equilibrium between free radical production and the antioxidant capability causing oxidative stress. Over the years, ROS has been implicated in the pathologies of various diseases like cancer, neurological disorder, cardiovascular diseases rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes etc. This book provides an in depth critical state-of-art reviews from established investigators on free radicals, ROS associated pathogenesis of human diseases, biomarkers of oxidative damage, antioxidants, phytonutrients and other related health concerns of modern society. The present book is aimed at graduate students, researchers in academia, industry and clinicians with the interest in redox biology. Special attention has been devoted to the topic of ROS signalling, oxidative stress induced human pathologies & antioxidative therapies. The book consists of four parts in specified topics based on the current literatures for the better understanding of the readers with respect to their subject-wise interests. The first section of the book provides an overview about the ROS production and their measuring tools and techniques followed by the mechanisms involved in the oxidative stress in the second section. The third section describes the involvement of oxidative stress in different human diseases and the last section focuses on the different strategies to ameliorate oxidative stress induced stress.

The Unfolded Protein Response And Cellular Stress Part A

The Unfolded Protein Response And Cellular Stress  Part A
Author: Conn, Michael P Ed
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 370
Release: 2011
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: OCLC:808225864
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Unfolded Protein Response And Cellular Stress Part A Book Review:

Perspectives in Environmental Toxicology

Perspectives in Environmental Toxicology
Author: Kavindra Kumar Kesari
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 214
Release: 2017-03-07
ISBN 10: 3319462482
ISBN 13: 9783319462486
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Perspectives in Environmental Toxicology Book Review:

This book is a valuable contribution to the debate about the harmful effects of environmental toxicants on human health, which is a growing concern in the 21st century. Complementary chapters decipher the phenomena and highlight the latest developments in environmental toxicology, providing readers with a comprehensive overview of environmental toxicology and human health. Since the toxicants in question are not only chemical or biological in nature, but also include man-made electromagnetic fields, the book explores in detail multidisciplinary approaches to environmental toxicology, with a focus on the following five aspects: 1. The effects of man-made electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) on human health proposed mechanisms and biological effects and measures). 2. An overview of nanotoxicity, nanomedicine and cancer research. 3. A bio-computational approach to the molecular interaction of environmental carcinogens with DNA. 4. The toxicology of environmental pollutants in the air, dust, soil, water and natural toxins in the environment: exposure and health. 5. Social insects as environmental indicators of ecotoxicological effects in different ecosystems. The book analyzes the carcinogenic, mutagenic, genotoxic and neurotoxic effects of both anthropogenic and natural toxins present in water, soil, air and our surroundings in the form of electro-pollution or electro-smog.

Glioma

Glioma
Author: Ibrahim Omerhodzic,Kenan Arnautovic
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2019-01-16
ISBN 10: 1789849535
ISBN 13: 9781789849530
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Glioma Book Review:

The past three decades have been marked with huge enthusiasm from scientists and professionals in an effort to find a cure for glioma disease. Methods to confirm the kinds and grades of glioma have taken a path from classical macro- to microscopic pathohystological confirmation of tumors, through morphological-histological, molecular, and genetic diagnosis. Surgically, progress was made possible with the development and use of technological aids, for example neuronavigation, cortical mapping, electrocorticography, neuromonitoring, functional and intraoperative MRI, magnetoencephalography, etc. Great hope was placed on the extension of tumor resection and popular supratotal resection. Significant progress has been made generally in glioma treatment with the use of modern radiotherapy and new chemotherapeutics. What do we want to see for the future? By way of stem cells, a specific medicine will be produced, individualized for the particular patient, and by using a microcapsule it will be implanted into the brain zone affected by the tumor by way of robot surgery and injection needle. This is not at all an unrealistic expectation in the next decade or two.

Severe Asthma

Severe Asthma
Author: Yong Chul Lee,So Ri Kim,Seong Ho Cho
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 134
Release: 2017-10-30
ISBN 10: 9811019983
ISBN 13: 9789811019982
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Severe Asthma Book Review:

This book presents state of the art knowledge on severe asthma with the aim of providing readers with a clear understanding of, first, the heterogeneity of the condition and of patients’ symptom profiles and responses to therapy and, second, the future implications of this heterogeneity for individualized patient care. After an opening section that offers an overview of severe asthma, including its clinical significance, the pathogenesis, available diagnostic approaches, and treatment options are described in detail. The sections on diagnosis and treatment cover the role of biomarkers, the use of radiologic diagnostic modalities, and both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapies, including emerging options that will address hitherto unmet needs of patients. The outcomes of cutting-edge preclinical and clinical research are carefully documented and numerous useful tips provided on patient management. The inclusion of many informative schematic figures will assist readers in grasping the contents easily. The book will be of high value for medical students, researchers, general physicians, specialists, and paramedical staff.