Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment
Author: Vlado Valkovic
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 696
Release: 2000-09-26
ISBN 10: 0080540244
ISBN 13: 9780080540245
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactivity in the Environment Book Review:

Numerous sources of ionizing radiation can lead to human exposure: natural sources, nuclear explosions, nuclear power generation, use of radiation in medical, industrial and research purposes, and radiation emitting consumer products. Before assessing the radiation dose to a population one requires a precise knowledge of the activity of a number of radionuclides. The basis for the assessment of the dose to a population from a release of radioactivity to the environment, the estimation of the potential clinical heath effects due to the dose received and, ultimately, the implementation of countermeasures to protect the population, is the measurement of radioactive contamination in the environment after the release. It is the purpose of this book to present the facts about the presence of radionuclides in the environment, natural and man made. There is no aspect of radioactivity, which has marked the passing century, not mentioned or discussed in this book.

Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment
Author: Vlado Valkovic
Publsiher: Elsevier Science Limited
Total Pages: 681
Release: 2000
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015049972626
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactivity in the Environment Book Review:

Numerous sources of ionizing radiation can lead to human exposure: natural sources, nuclear explosions, nuclear power generation, use of radiation in medical, industrial and research purposes, and radiation emitting consumer products. Before assessing the radiation dose to a population one requires a precise knowledge of the activity of a number of radionuclides. The basis for the assessment of the dose to a population from a release of radioactivity to the environment, the estimation of the potential clinical heath effects due to the dose received and, ultimately, the implementation of countermeasures to protect the population, is the measurement of radioactive contamination in the environment after the release. It is the purpose of this book to present the facts about the presence of radionuclides in the environment, natural and man made. There is no aspect of radioactivity, which has marked the passing century, not mentioned or discussed in this book.

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural Industrial and Military Sources

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural  Industrial and Military Sources
Author: Merrill Eisenbud,Thomas F. Gesell
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 656
Release: 1997-03-26
ISBN 10: 9780080505800
ISBN 13: 0080505805
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural Industrial and Military Sources Book Review:

Environmental Radioactivity from Natural, Industrial, and Military Sources is the comprehensive source of information on radiation in the environment and human exposure to radioactivity. This Fourth Edition isa complete revision and extension of the classic work, reflecting major new developments and concerns as the Cold War ended, nuclear weapons began to be dismantled, and cleanup of the nuclear weapons facilities assumed center stage. Contamination from accidents involving weapons, reactors, and radionuclide sources are discussed in an updated chapter, including the latest information about the effects of the Chernobyl accident. Important revisions are also made to the chapters on natural radioactivity, nuclear fuels and power reactors, radioactive waste management, and various other sources of exposure. Several chapters provide primers for readers who may not be familiar with the fundamentals of radiation biology, protection standards, and pathways for the environmental transport of radionuclides. An Appendix lists the properties of the more important radionuclides found in the environment. The book concludes with a commentary on contemporary social aspects of radiation exposure and risks that offers analternative view to current, often excessive concerns over radiation, nuclear technology, and waste. Describes every important source of environmental radioactivity Reviews the vexing problems of radioactive waste management and clean-up of contaminated sites Contains measured or projected radiation dose estimates for the major sources Features 126 figures, 80 tables, and more than 1200 references Discusses current problems in historical context The two authors bring more than 75 years of combined experience with environmental radioactivity Provides an understanding of the sources of environmental radioactivity and human exposure from the mining of ores to final disposal of wastes Thoroughly reviews important contamination accidents

Fukushima Accident

Fukushima Accident
Author: Pavel P. Povinec,Katsumi Hirose,Michio Aoyama
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2013-07-09
ISBN 10: 0124114873
ISBN 13: 9780124114876
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fukushima Accident Book Review:

Fukushima Accident presents up-to-date information on radioactivity released to the atmosphere and the ocean after the accident on the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant, on the distribution of radionuclides in the world atmosphere and oceans, and their impact on the total environment (man, fauna, and flora). The book will evaluate and discuss the post-Fukushima situation, emphasizing radionuclide impacts on the terrestrial and marine environments, and compare it with the pre-Fukushima sources of radionuclides in the environment. The authors’ results, as well as knowledge gathered from the literature, will provide up-to-date information on the present status of the topics. Fukushima Accident is based on the environmental and nuclear research; however, the presentation will be suitable for university-level readers. 2013 PROSE Award winner in Environmental Science from the Association of American Publishers Covers atmospheric and marine radioactivity, providing information on the global atmospheric dispersion of radionuclides in the atmosphere and world oceans Examines radiation doses to the public and biota to understand the health risks to the public and ecosystems Provides information on monitoring radionuclides in the environment – information on sources of radionuclides, their temporal and spatial variations, and radionuclide levels Covers transport of radionuclides from different sources (e.g. nuclear power plants) as well as atmospheric simulations and modeling approaches

Environmental Radioactivity and Emergency Preparedness

Environmental Radioactivity and Emergency Preparedness
Author: Mats Isaksson,Christopher L. Raaf
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 614
Release: 2017-01-06
ISBN 10: 1482244659
ISBN 13: 9781482244656
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Radioactivity and Emergency Preparedness Book Review:

Radioactive sources such as nuclear power installations can pose a great threat to both humans and our environment. How do we measure, model and regulate such threats? Environmental Radioactivity and Emergency Preparedness addresses these topical questions and aims to plug the gap in the lack of comprehensive literature in this field. The book explores how to deal with the threats posed by different radiological sources, including those that are lost or hidden, and the issues posed by the use of such sources. It presents measurement methods and approaches to model and quantify the extent of threat, and also presents strategies for emergency preparedness, such as strategies for first-responders and radiological triage in case an accident should happen. Containing the latest recommendations and procedures from bodies such as the IAEA, this book is an essential reference for both students and academicians studying radiation safety, as well as for radiation protection experts in public bodies or in the industry.

Radioactivity in the Environment

Radioactivity in the Environment
Author: Ronald L. Kathren
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 397
Release: 1984
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015004463702
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactivity in the Environment Book Review:

Introduction to Radiation Protection

Introduction to Radiation Protection
Author: Claus Grupen
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 417
Release: 2010-04-20
ISBN 10: 9783642025860
ISBN 13: 3642025862
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Introduction to Radiation Protection Book Review:

This account of sources of ionizing radiation and methods of radiation protection describes units of radiation protection, measurement techniques, biological effects, environmental radiation and many applications. Each chapter contains problems with solutions.

Radioactive Releases in the Environment

Radioactive Releases in the Environment
Author: John R. Cooper,Keith Randle,Ranjeet S. Sokhi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 490
Release: 2003-05-07
ISBN 10: 9780471899242
ISBN 13: 0471899240
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactive Releases in the Environment Book Review:

This text brings together in one single comprehensive reference, the fundamentals of radioactivity. It uniquely fills the gap in the market, as no other books deal with environmental radioactivity to this degree. * Timely and invaluable as the studies of environmental processes and the awareness of the impact of human activity on our environment are increasing * Links all three main aspects of environmental radioactivity: Principles, Transport and Measurement * Useful to a wide readership - students, lecturers, researchers, companies and environmental consultants

Man Made and Natural Radioactivity in Environmental Pollution and Radiochronology

Man Made and Natural Radioactivity in Environmental Pollution and Radiochronology
Author: Richard Tykva,Dieter Berg
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 416
Release: 2013-03-14
ISBN 10: 9401704961
ISBN 13: 9789401704960
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Man Made and Natural Radioactivity in Environmental Pollution and Radiochronology Book Review:

The goal of this book is to examine the complex state of radioactivity in the environment, and to understand the interplay of its two principal sources: man-made and natural. The text examines human contributions to release of radionuclides, with an eye to future reductions, and assesses natural occurrences in an evaluation of baseline radioactivity.

Radioactive Aerosols

Radioactive Aerosols
Author: Constantin Papastefanou
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 186
Release: 2011-07-28
ISBN 10: 9780080555980
ISBN 13: 0080555985
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactive Aerosols Book Review:

Whenever radioactivity is released to the atmosphere, for example by the detonation of nuclear weapons or the testing of nuclear weapons or from nuclear reactor accidents that fraction of it which remains airborne for more than a few hours is liable to be attached to aerosol particles. The resulting radioactive aerosols are carried by atmospheric mixing processes until they settle out or are scavenged by precipitation. The radiation exposure pathway of maximum concern to humans is by inhalation of aerosols and their deposition in the respiratory tract. In this context, it is important to note that radioactive aerosols are commonly of natural origin alos. In particular, the associated radionuclides can be of natural terrestrial origin, such as the decay products of radon gas, or they can e cosmogenic, such as beryllium-7. The exposure of miners of uranium and other ores and minerals to radon and its aerosol-borne decay products is of major significance. The book describes the formation of aerosols, their aerodynamic size distribution, their atmospheric residence time, their sampling and measurement, the range of radioactive aerosols found and studied thus far, including man-made nuclides and radon decay products and their interaction with man, including deposition in the lung and subsequent health effects. Advanced level science handbook for researchers, scientists and academics Covers all aspects of radiation exposure in humans, including subsequent health implications Presents the latest findings and analysis in this highly topical area

Radioactivity Transfer in Environment and Food

Radioactivity Transfer in Environment and Food
Author: Fokion K Vosniakos
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 148
Release: 2012-04-26
ISBN 10: 3642287417
ISBN 13: 9783642287411
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radioactivity Transfer in Environment and Food Book Review:

The book deals with various consequences of major nuclear accidents, such as in 1986 in Chernobyl and in 2011 in Fukushima. The public is extremely interested in learning more about the movements and risks posed by radiation in the environment related to food supply and food safety. Radionuclides are found in air, water, soil and even in us not only after nuclear accidents because they occur also in nature. Every day, we ingest and inhale radionuclides in our air and food and the water. This book provides a solid underpinning of the basic physical-chemistry and biogeochemistry of naturally occurring and anthrop radioactivity. The mechanisms of radioactive element transfer in the atmosphere, tropospheric and stratospheric diffusion of radioactivity, environmental contamination from accidents and the impact of atmospheric pollution on the food chain, soil and plants, are analyzed and the analytical methods are illustrated. The question of natural radioactivity concentration in building materials is addressed too. While the book contains many case studies and data for Greece, it is of general value. It contributes to the development of international environmentally safe standards and economically reasonable standard regulations based on justified radiological, social and economical legislation concepts.

TENR Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation

TENR   Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation
Author: Anselmo Salles Paschoa,F. Steinhausler
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2009-12-31
ISBN 10: 9780080914183
ISBN 13: 0080914187
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

TENR Technologically Enhanced Natural Radiation Book Review:

This book on TENR discusses the basic Physics and Chemistry principles of natural radiation. The current knowledge of the biological effects of natural radiation is summarized. A wide variety of topics, from cosmic radiation to atmospheric, terrestrial and aquatic radiation is addressed, including radon, thoron, and depleted uranium. Issues like terrorism and geochronology using natural radiation are also examined. Comprehensive global TENR data assembly Critical assessment of the significant radiological impact of TENR on man and the environment as compared to radiological impact from man-made sources in nuclear technology and nuclear medicine Illustration of the importance of TENR for the future conceptual development of radiation protection

Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides

Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides
Author: Pavel Povinec
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 538
Release: 2011-07-28
ISBN 10: 9780080553375
ISBN 13: 0080553370
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analysis of Environmental Radionuclides Book Review:

The purpose of this book is to present a state of art summary of current knowledge of methods of assessment of radionuclides in the terrestrial and marine environments. It cover the traditional methods of radioactivity measurements such as radiometrics techniques, but also recent developments in the mass spectrometry sector. The book starts with a short preface introducing the subject of the book, summarising content and philosophy of the book, as well as the most important historical achievements. The scientific topics are introduced by description of sampling methods, optimisation of sampling sites and sampling frequency. The recent developments in radiochemical separation methods using chromatography resins for the treatment of actinides, transuranics and other groups of radioelements are also described. No other book is available covering all aspects of environmental radioactivity measurements, although remarkable progress has been made in detection techniques over the last ten years. At present the new methods enable to carry out investigations which were not possible before, either because of lack of sensitivity or because of the fact that they required too large samples.

Modelling Radioactivity in the Environment

Modelling Radioactivity in the Environment
Author: E.M. Scott
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 438
Release: 2003-05-22
ISBN 10: 9780080536651
ISBN 13: 0080536654
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Modelling Radioactivity in the Environment Book Review:

Just as an environmental model typically will be composed of a number of linked sub-models, representing physical, chemical or biological processes understood to varying degrees, this volume includes a series of linked chapters exemplifying the fundamental nature of environmental radioactivity models in all compartments of the environment. Why is a book on modelling environmental radioactivity necessary? There are many reasons why such a boook is necessary, perhaps the most important that: - modelling is an often misunderstood and maligned activity and this book can provide, to a broad audience, a greater understanding of modelling power but also some of the limitations. - modellers and experimentalists often do not understand and mistrust each other's work yet they are mutually dependent, in the sense that good experimental science can direct good modelling work and vice-versa; we hope that this book can dispel mistrust and engender improved understanding. - there is an increasing reliance on model results in environmental management, yet there is also often misuse and misrepresentation of these results. This book can help to bridge the gap between unrealistic expectations of model power and the realisation of what is possible, practicable and feasible in modelling of environmental radioactivity; and finally, - modelling tools, capacity and power have increased many-fold in a relatively short period of time. Much of this is due to the much-heralded computer revolution, but much is also due to better science. It is useful to consider what gap if any still remains between what is possible and what is necessary.

Environmental Radionuclides

Environmental Radionuclides
Author: Klaus Froehlich
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 432
Release: 2009-09-23
ISBN 10: 9780080913292
ISBN 13: 0080913296
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Radionuclides Book Review:

Environmental Radionuclides presents a state-of-the-art summary of knowledge on the use of radionuclides to study processes and systems in the continental part of the Earth’s environment. It is conceived as a companion to the two volumes of this series, which deal with isotopes as tracers in the marine environment (Livingston, Marine Radioactivity) and with the radioecology of natural and man-made terrestrial systems (Shaw, Radioactivity in Terrestrial Ecosystems). Although the book focuses on natural and anthropogenic radionuclides (radioactive isotopes), it also refers to stable environmental isotopes, which in a variety of applications, especially in hydrology and climatology, have to be consulted to evaluate radionuclide measurements in terms of the ages of groundwater and climate archives, respectively. The basic principles underlying the various applications of natural and anthropogenic radionuclides in environmental studies are described in the first part of the book. The book covers the two major groups of applications: the use of radionuclides as tracers for studying transport and mixing processes: and as time markers to address problems of the dynamics of such systems, manifested commonly as the so-called residence time in these systems. The applications range from atmospheric pollution studies, via water resource assessments to contributions to global climate change investigation. The third part of the book addresses new challenges in the development of new methodological approaches, including analytical methods and fields of applications. A state-of-the-art summary of knowledge on the use of radionuclides Conceived as a companion to the two volumes of this series, which deal with isotopes as tracers

Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management

Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management
Author: Deborah Oughton,Sven Ove Hansson
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 408
Release: 2013-09-07
ISBN 10: 0080914292
ISBN 13: 9780080914299
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management Book Review:

Social and Ethical Aspects of Radiation Risk Management provides a comprehensive treatment of the major ethical and social issues resulting from the use of ionizing radiation. It covers topics such as nuclear fuel cycles, radioactive waste treatment, nuclear bomb testing, nuclear safety management, stakeholder engagement, cleanup after nuclear accidents, ecological risks from radiation, environmental justice, health and safety for radiation workers, radiation dose standards, the ethics of clinical radiology, and the principles of radiation protection and their ethical underpinnings. With authors ranging from philosophers to radiation protection officials and practitioners, the book spans from theoretical to practical implications of this important area of radiation risk assessment and management. Covers all the major social and ethical issues in relation to radiation protection Information is easily accessible and non-technical Authors include leading radiation protection officials as well as specialists who are more independent of the radiation protection system, thus presenting both authoritative and more critical views Includes theoretical perspectives as well as practical experience

Airborne Radioactive Contamination in Inhabited Areas

Airborne Radioactive Contamination in Inhabited Areas
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 368
Release: 2009-08-14
ISBN 10: 9780080914251
ISBN 13: 008091425X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Airborne Radioactive Contamination in Inhabited Areas Book Review:

For many decades, investigations of the behaviour and implications of radioactive contamination in the environment have focused on agricultural areas and food production. This was due to the erroneous assumption that the consequences of credible contaminating incidents would be restricted to rural areas. However, due to the Chernobyl accident, more than 250,000 persons were removed from their homes, demonstrating a great need for knowledge and instruments that could be applied to minimise the manifold adverse consequences of contamination in inhabited areas. Also, today the world is facing a number of new threats, including radiological terrorism, which would be likely to take place in a city, where most people would become directly affected. A recent report from the US Commission on the Prevention of Weapons of Mass Destruction Proliferation and Terrorism concludes that it is most likely that a large radiological, or even nuclear, terror attack on a major city somewhere in the world will occur before 2013. For the first time ever, the specific problems of airborne radioactive contamination in inhabited areas are treated in a holistically covering treatise, pinpointing factorial interdependencies and describing instruments for mitigation. The state-of-the-art knowledge is here explained in Airborne Radioactive Contamination in Inhabited Areas y leading scientists in the various disciplines of relevance. Unique holistic description of airborne radioactive contamination of inhabited areas and its consequences State-of-the-art information on problems associated with both accidental and malicious contamination events, in particularly 'dirty bombs' Detailed description of processes and parameters governing the severity of contaminating incidents Written by key experts in the world

Radionuclide Concentrations in Food and the Environment

Radionuclide Concentrations in Food and the Environment
Author: Michael Poschl,Leo M.L. Nollet
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 458
Release: 2006-08-21
ISBN 10: 1420019279
ISBN 13: 9781420019278
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radionuclide Concentrations in Food and the Environment Book Review:

As radiological residue, both naturally occurring and technologically driven, works its way through the ecosystem, we see its negative effects on the human population. Radionuclide Concentrations in Food and the Environment addresses the key issues concerning the relationship between natural and manmade sources of environmental radioactivity

Low level Measurements Of Radioactivity In The Environment Techniques And Applications Proceedings Of The Third International Summer School

Low level Measurements Of Radioactivity In The Environment   Techniques And Applications   Proceedings Of The Third International Summer School
Author: M Garcia-leon,R Garcia-tenorio
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 584
Release: 1994-07-27
ISBN 10: 9814552070
ISBN 13: 9789814552073
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Low level Measurements Of Radioactivity In The Environment Techniques And Applications Proceedings Of The Third International Summer School Book Review:

This book contains the lectures, seminars and abstracts of short communications delivered at the above summer school. The talks are an updated account of the methods used in the detection of radioactivity in nature and in the study of its spread in the environment.

Tropical Radioecology

Tropical Radioecology
Author: John R. Twining
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 0080450164
ISBN 13: 9780080450162
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tropical Radioecology Book Review:

Tropical Radioecology is a guide to the wide range of scientific practices and principles of this multidisciplinary field. It brings together past and present studies in the tropical and sub-tropical areas of the planet, highlighting the unique aspects of tropical systems. Until recently, radioecological models for tropical environments have depended upon data derived from temperate environments, despite the differences of these regions in terms of biota and abiotic conditions. Since radioactivity can be used to trace environmental processes in humans and other biota, this book offers examples of studies in which radiotracers have been used to assess biokinetics in tropical biota. Features chapters, co-authored by world experts, that explain the origins, inputs, distribution, behaviour, and consequences of radioactivity in tropical and subtropical systems. Provides comprehensive lists of relevant data and identifies current knowledge gaps to allow for targeted radioecological research in the future. Integrates radioecological information into the most recent radiological consequences modelling and best-practice probabilistic ecological risk analysis methodology, given the need to understand the implications of enhanced socio-economic development in the world's tropical regions.