Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules
Author: Serban C. Moldoveanu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 816
Release: 2018-11-14
ISBN 10: 0444640010
ISBN 13: 9780444640017
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules Book Review:

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules: Applications to Health and Environmental Issues, Second Edition offers a systematic presentation of pyrolysis results for the main classes of non-polymeric organic molecules. It covers a large body of data published on pyrolysis, as well as numerous original contributions to the pyrolysis of compounds not previously studied. This thoroughly revised edition contains new results reported in the literature since the first edition published, including the generation of traces of toxic compounds in various pyrolytic processes; the pyrolysis in the presence of catalysts and solid supports such as alumina, silica, and non-inert metals; and pyrolysis of specific mixtures of compound such as amino acids plus carbohydrates. This new information regarding the pyrolysis of these mixtures has greatly improved the utility of the book, making Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules an essential resource for chemists and chemical engineers involved in processes related to pyrolysis, as well as toxicologists and environmentalists. Presents new information on the pyrolysis of specific compounds Includes data on the mechanisms and kinetics of pyrolytic processes Provides data on the influence of catalysts and solid supports on pyrolytic processes

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules
Author: Serban C. Moldoveanu
Publsiher: Elsevier Science
Total Pages: 744
Release: 2009-10-16
ISBN 10: 9780444531131
ISBN 13: 0444531130
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules Book Review:

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules with Applications to Health and Environmental Issues, the 28th volume in the Techniques and Instrumentation in Analytical Chemistry series, gives a systematic and comprehensive description of pyrolysis of non-polymeric organic molecules. Pyrolysis is involved in many practical applications as well as in many common human activities, but harmful compounds can be generated in the process. The study of pyrolysis and of the formation of undesirable compounds as a result of pyrolytic processes is of considerable interest to chemists, chemical engineers, and toxicologists. Pyrolysis results for compounds not previously studied or reported Updated information from a large body of results published on pyrolysis of individual compounds or classes of compounds Information on mechanisms and kinetics of numerous pyrolytic processes

The Gas phase Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules

The Gas phase Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules
Author: Z. H. Shirazi
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1973
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1063523941
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Gas phase Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules Book Review:

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules Relevant to Combustion as Monitored by Photoionization Time of flight Mass Spectrometry

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules Relevant to Combustion as Monitored by Photoionization Time of flight Mass Spectrometry
Author: Kevin Howard Weber
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 226
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:729630263
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pyrolysis of Organic Molecules Relevant to Combustion as Monitored by Photoionization Time of flight Mass Spectrometry Book Review:

Flash pyrolysis coupled to molecular beam extraction and single photon ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry along with quantum chemical calculations are employed to study the pyrolysis of organic molecules with relevance to combustion processes. Branching ratios for the molecular elimination and bond fission pathways was achieved for ethyl and propyl iodides providing information about the nature of the mechanism with relation to chemical structure. Similarly, the decompositions of a series of alkyl methyl ethers, whose anti-knock ability in commercial fuels is attributed to the molecular elimination pathway, was investigated to examine the competition of primary and subsequent homolyses at higher temperatures, which tend to promote "knock". The isomerization/decomposition of isoprene was looked at in detail with special attention to the formation of soot precursor, most notably the "first ring" benzene. Cyclopentadiene and methylcyclopentadiene are known to be highly sooting fuels and were pyrolyzed to study the initial steps in aromatization. The pyrolysis of cyclohexene, cyclopentene, and 1,4-cyclohexadiene were conducted to facilitate interpretation of aromatic formation and to compare experimental results with well established mechanisms. Finally, the pyrolysis of methylcyclohexane, an important component some jet fuels, was studied.

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers
Author: S.C. Moldoveanu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 510
Release: 1998-11-11
ISBN 10: 9780080527161
ISBN 13: 0080527167
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers Book Review:

Analytical pyrolysis is one of the many tools utilized for the study of natural organic polymers. This books describes in three parts the methodology of analytical pyrolysis, the results of pyrolysis for a variety of biopolymers, and several practical applications of analytical pyrolysis on natural organic polymers and their composite materials. Analytical pyrolysis methodology covers two distinct subjects, the instrumentation used for pyrolysis and the analytical methods that are applied for the analysis of the pyrolysis products. A variety of pyrolytic techniques and of analytical instruments commonly coupled with pyrolysis devices are given. The description of the results of pyrolysis for biopolymers and some chemically modified natural organic polymers is the core of the book. The main pyrolysis products of numerous compounds as well as the proposed mechanisms for their pyrolysis are described. In this part an attempt is made to present as much as possible the chemistry of the pyrolytic process of natural organic polymers. The applications of analytical pyrolysis include topics such as polymer detection used for example in forensic science, structure elucidation of specific polymers, and identification of small molecules present in polymers (anti-oxidants, plasticizers, etc.). Also, the degradation during heating is a subject of major interest in many practical applications regarding the physical properties of polymers. The applications to composite polymeric materials are in the fields of classification of microorganisms, study of a variety of biological samples, study of fossil materials, etc. Analytical pyrolysis can also be used for obtaining information on the burning area generate pyrolysates that have complex compositions. Their analysis is important in connection with health issues, environmental problems, and taste of food and cigarettes. Features of this book: • Presents analytical pyrolysis as a uniform subject and not as a conglomerate of scientific papers. • Puts together in an organized manner a large volume of available information in this specific field. • Provides original results which address subjects with relatively scarce information in literature. • Gives original views on subjects such as the parallel between the pyrolytic process and the ion fragmentation in mass spectrometry. • Includes the role of pyrolysis in the burning process. The three parts of the book are covered in 18 chapters, each divided into sections. Some sections are further divided by particular subjects. References are given for each chapter, and an effort has been made to include as much as possible from the available representative information. A few unpublished personal results are also included.

Pyrolysis of Simple Organic Molecules by Gas Chromatography

Pyrolysis of Simple Organic Molecules by Gas Chromatography
Author: Thomas Wolf
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 732
Release: 1966
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:7602253
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pyrolysis of Simple Organic Molecules by Gas Chromatography Book Review:

The High Temperature Pyrolysis of Simple Organic Molecules and the Formation of C2

The High Temperature Pyrolysis of Simple Organic Molecules and the Formation of C2
Author: Alastair R. Fairbairn,AVCO EVERETT RESEARCH LAB EVERETT MASS.,Avco-Everett Research Laboratory
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 37
Release: 1968
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:227520181
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The High Temperature Pyrolysis of Simple Organic Molecules and the Formation of C2 Book Review:

The high temperature pyrolysis of simple organic molecules, CH4, CCl4, CF4 and C2H2 has been studied in a shock tube. Under conditions where the final equilibrium composition is almost entirely atomic, the C2 molecule is observed to rise to a peak and thereafter decline, apparently at the same rate as the original compound is decomposing. Absolute intensity measurements on the peak C2 yield indicate that as much as 20% of the carbon atoms can form C2. By following the decay of the C2, the overall rates of decomposition of the organic materials have been obtained. The formation of C2 can be explained in terms of the reaction type CX + C yielding C2 + X. (Author).

Kinetic Studies of the Pyrolysis of Ethane and Other Organic Molecules in the Presence of Nitrous Oxide

Kinetic Studies of the Pyrolysis of Ethane and Other Organic Molecules in the Presence of Nitrous Oxide
Author: Ronald Kenwright
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1958
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:972830016
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Kinetic Studies of the Pyrolysis of Ethane and Other Organic Molecules in the Presence of Nitrous Oxide Book Review:

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers
Author: Serban C. Moldoveanu
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 714
Release: 2005-01-20
ISBN 10: 9780080455860
ISBN 13: 0080455867
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers Book Review:

Analytical Pyrolysis of Synthetic Organic Polymers is a follow-up to Analytical Pyrolysis of Natural Organic Polymers, which is volume 20 of the series. The main focus of the book is on practical applications of analytical pyrolysis in synthetic organic polymer identification and characterization. The first part of the book has five chapters including an introduction, a discussion on physico-chemistry of thermal degradation of synthetic polymers and on instrumentation used in analytical pyrolysis, a chapter discussing what type of information can be obtained from analytical pyrolysis, and a chapter dedicated to the analysis and characterization of synthetic polymers. The second part systematically covers the analytical pyrolysis of various classes of synthetic polymers. Some theoretical background for the understanding of polymer structure using analytical pyrolysis is also discussed. * Includes broad coverage of organic synthetic macromolecules * Focuses on physico-chemistry of thermal degradation, and the analytical pyrolysis of various classes of synthetic polymers * Is well written and suitable for both researchers and chemists working in analytical chemistry or in synthetic polymers

Analytical Pyrolysis

Analytical Pyrolysis
Author: C.E.R. Jones
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN 10: 0444601406
ISBN 13: 9780444601407
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Analytical Pyrolysis Book Review:

Analytical Pyrolysis presents the Proceedings of the Third International Symposium on Analytical Pyrolysis, held in Amsterdam on September 7-9, 1976. It looks at newly emergent techniques in analytical pyrolysis, including pyrolysis mass spectrometry, gas chromatography, thin-layer chromatography, and pyrolysis-gas liquid chromatography. The book also covers topics ranging from automation and microbiology to forensic science and pharmacology, reproducibility and specificity, biochemistry, laser-induced pyrolysis, pyrolytic reaction mechanisms, and polymers. Comprised of 50 chapters, this book begins with a discussion of automatic analysis of tire rubber blends using computer-linked pyrolysis gas chromatography, thermal procedures in coupling with thin-layer chromatography, the role of pyrolysis-gas liquid chromatography in biomedical studies, and the identification of microorganisms by pyrolysis gas-liquid chromatography. It then examines forensic applications of analytical pyrolysis techniques, structure and degradation behavior of synthetic polymers using pyrolysis in combination with field ion mass spectrometry, determination of polysaccharides in fulvic acids by pyrolysis gas chromatography, and application of Curie-point pyrolysis mass spectrometry in fungal taxonomy. The reader is also introduced to pyrolysis mass spectrometry of model compounds labeled with stable isotopes, the use of pyrolysis/gas chromatography to determine the quality of porous polymers of styrene cross-linked with divinyl benzene, and application of pyrohydrolysis for a rapid and accurate determination of halides in silicate rocks and minerals. This volume will benefit students, researchers, chemists, and scientists working in the field of analytical pyrolysis.

Studies in the Pyrolysis of Organic Compounds

Studies in the Pyrolysis of Organic Compounds
Author: John Austin Meyer
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 276
Release: 1958
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:18622190
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Studies in the Pyrolysis of Organic Compounds Book Review:

Recent Advances in Pyrolysis

Recent Advances in Pyrolysis
Author: Hassan Al- Haj Ibrahim
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 122
Release: 2020-01-22
ISBN 10: 1789840635
ISBN 13: 9781789840636
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recent Advances in Pyrolysis Book Review:

Pyrolysis is an irreversible thermochemical treatment process of materials at elevated temperatures in an inert atmosphere. It is basically a carbonisation process where an organic material is decomposed to produce a solid residue with high (or higher) carbon content and some volatile products. The decomposition reactions are accompanied in general with polymerisation and isomerisation reactions. The end products of pyrolysis can be controlled by optimizing pyrolysis parameters such as temperature and residence time. Pyrolysis is used heavily in the chemical industry to produce many forms of carbon and other chemicals from petroleum, coal, wood, oil shale, biomass or organic waste materials, and it is the basis of several methods for producing fuel from biomass. Pyrolysis also is the process of conversion of buried organic matter into fossil fuels.

The Manhunters

The Manhunters
Author: Dean Edwards
Publsiher: Ulverscroft
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2006
ISBN 10: 9781846173943
ISBN 13: 1846173949
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Manhunters Book Review:

Young cowboy Clu Marvin finishes a routine cattle drive in McCoy and sets out to enjoy his pay with a couple of pals. He had no idea that, from his wanted poster, keen-eyed Sheriff Dan Brown has spotted Marvin's resemblance to the notorious outlaw the Reno Kid.

Transition Metals in the Synthesis of Complex Organic Molecules

Transition Metals in the Synthesis of Complex Organic Molecules
Author: Louis S. Hegedus
Publsiher: University Science Books
Total Pages: 358
Release: 1994
ISBN 10: 9780935702934
ISBN 13: 0935702938
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transition Metals in the Synthesis of Complex Organic Molecules Book Review:

A text for use in a one-semester course for upper-level students familiar with basic organic chemistry, or as a survey course for practicing organic chemists. Chapters 1 and 2 present a brief overview of the formalisms and mechanisms required to understand the processes discussed in chapters 3-10, which deal with the application of transition metal organometallic chemistry to organic synthesis with specific attention to applications with complex molecules. Updates and expands chapters 13-20 of Principles and Applications of Organotransition Metal Chemistry, 2nd ed. (1987). Published by University Science Books, 20 Edgehill Rd., Mill Valley, CA 94941. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Gas Phase Pyrolytic Reactions

Gas Phase Pyrolytic Reactions
Author: Nouria A. Al-Awadi
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2019-12-05
ISBN 10: 1118057473
ISBN 13: 9781118057476
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Gas Phase Pyrolytic Reactions Book Review:

Offers a physical organic chemistry and mechanistic perspective of the chemistry of thermal processes in the gas phase The book looks at all aspects of the chemical processing technique called gas-phase pyrolysis, including its methodology and reactors, synthesis, reaction mechanisms, structure, kinetics, and applications. It discusses combinations of pyrolytic reactors with physiochemical techniques, routes for and reactions for the synthesis of organic compounds, and the control of reaction rates. Gas-Phase Pyrolytic Reactions: Synthesis, Mechanisms, and Kinetics starts with in-depth chapter coverage of static pyrolysis, dynamic flow pyrolysis, and analytical pyrolysis. It then examines synthesis and applications, including flash vacuum pyrolysis in organic synthesis, elimination of HX, elimination of CO and CO2, pyrolysis of Meldrum’s acid derivatives, and elimination of N2. A chapter on reaction mechanism comes next and includes coverage of retero-ene reaction and reactive intermediates. Following that are sections covering: structure/reactivity correlation, functional group & structural frame interconversions; gas-phase pyrolysis of hydrazones and phosphorus Ylides; and more. Deals with a growing area of chemistry and engineering interest that fits under the practices of green and sustainable chemistry Addresses several important aspects: methodology and reactors, synthesis, reaction mechanisms, structure, kinetics, and applications Reviews general methods of pyrolysis techniques Sets out the fundamentals and advantages of gas-phase pyrolysis in a way that illustrates its wide potential applications Gas-Phase Pyrolytic Reactions: Synthesis, Mechanisms, and Kinetics will appeal to organic chemists, physical organic chemists, chemical engineers and anyone interested in green/sustainable chemistry, chemical synthesis, or process chemistry.

Pyrolysis of Organic Compounds Containing Long Unbranched Alkyl Groups

Pyrolysis of Organic Compounds Containing Long Unbranched Alkyl Groups
Author: George W. Mushrush,Robert N. Hazlett,NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON DC.
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 30
Release: 1982
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:227548277
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Pyrolysis of Organic Compounds Containing Long Unbranched Alkyl Groups Book Review:

The presence of n-alkanes in jet fuel in the right distillation range can be explained if large n-alkanes are present in the crude-oil source. Quantities of large n-alkanes present in crudes made from shale are insufficient, however, to explain the amounts found (up to 37%) in the jet fuel made from these crudes. Although possible precursors to small straight chain molecules are branch alicyclic compounds or substituted cyclic compounds, this report shows that attack in the side chain of model aromatic compounds typically found in shale crudes affords a path to significant yields of n-alkanes. Primary attack at the alpha and gamma positions is favored for substituted benzenes and pyridines. The major initial product distribution can be explained on the basis of Fabuss-Smith-Satterfield theory. (Author).

The Mechanism of Pyrolysis of Some Important Organic Compounds

The Mechanism of Pyrolysis of Some Important Organic Compounds
Author: Chester Wallace Bennett
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1927
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:71845583
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Mechanism of Pyrolysis of Some Important Organic Compounds Book Review:

Fire Debris Analysis

Fire Debris Analysis
Author: Eric Stauffer,Julia A. Dolan,Reta Newman
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2007-12-10
ISBN 10: 9780080556260
ISBN 13: 0080556264
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fire Debris Analysis Book Review:

The study of fire debris analysis is vital to the function of all fire investigations, and, as such, Fire Debris Analysis is an essential resource for fire investigators. The present methods of analysis include the use of gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, techniques which are well established and used by crime laboratories throughout the world. However, despite their universality, this is the first comprehensive resource that addresses their application to fire debris analysis. Fire Debris Analysis covers topics such as the physics and chemistry of fire and liquid fuels, the interpretation of data obtained from fire debris, and the future of the subject. Its cutting-edge material and experienced author team distinguishes this book as a quality reference that should be on the shelves of all crime laboratories. Serves as a comprehensive guide to the science of fire debris analysis Presents both basic and advanced concepts in an easily readable, logical sequence Includes a full-color insert with figures that illustrate key concepts discussed in the text

The Photolysis and Pyrolysis of Some Organic Compounds

The Photolysis and Pyrolysis of Some Organic Compounds
Author: Ronald James Denning
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 110
Release: 1979
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:226259199
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Photolysis and Pyrolysis of Some Organic Compounds Book Review:

Sample Preparation in Chromatography

Sample Preparation in Chromatography
Author: S.C. Moldoveanu,V. David
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 942
Release: 2002-05-08
ISBN 10: 9780080540702
ISBN 13: 0080540708
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sample Preparation in Chromatography Book Review:

Sample preparation is an essential step in many analyses. This book approaches the topic of sample preparation in chromatography in a methodical way, viewing it as a logical connection between sample collection and analytical chromatography. Providing a guide for choosing the appropriate sample preparation for a given analysis, this book describes various ways to process the sample, explaining the principle, discussing the advantages and disadvantages, describing the applicability to different types of samples, and showing the fitness to specific chromatographic determinations. The first part of the book contains an overview of sample preparation showing its relation to sample collection and to the core chromatographic analysis. The second part covers procedures that do not use chemical modifications of the analyte and includes methods for sample dissolution, concentration and cleanup designed mainly for modifying the initial matrix of the sample. This part starts with conventional separations such as filtration and distillation and finishes with more advanced techniques such as solid phase extraction and electroseparations. The third part gives a description of the chemical modifications that can be performed on a sample either for fractionation purposes or to improve a specific property of the analyte. This part includes derivatizations, polymer chemical degradations, and pyrolysis.