Travell Simons Simons Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction

Travell  Simons   Simons  Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction
Author: Joseph Donnelly
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 1312
Release: 2018-07-10
ISBN 10: 1975120183
ISBN 13: 9781975120184
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Travell Simons Simons Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction Book Review:

Publisher's Note: Products purchased from 3rd Party sellers are not guaranteed by the Publisher for quality, authenticity, or access to any online entitlements included with the product. This new edition of Travell, Simons & Simons' groundbreaking work reflects the latest research and best practices associated with trigger points and updates the iconic pain point images that set the standard in the field. New lead editor Joseph M. Donnelly draws on his experience as both educator and physical therapy practitioner to integrate an evidence-based approach into this critical text. In addition, the new edition consolidates information to create a more intuitive user experience and features a completely new full color design to bring concepts to life.

Advanced Therapeutics in Pain Medicine

Advanced Therapeutics in Pain Medicine
Author: Sahar Swidan,Matthew Bennett
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2020-12-18
ISBN 10: 0429998260
ISBN 13: 9780429998263
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Therapeutics in Pain Medicine Book Review:

Chronic pain places a tremendous burden on both the patient and the healthcare system. The use of opioids to address pain has resulted in negative impacts. As practitioners work to undo the current opioid crisis, options to manage pain need a new approach. Advanced Therapeutics in Pain Medicine offers pioneering approaches to this intransigent problem providing a functional medicine approach toward treating pain. This book is dedicated to the advancement of non-opioid therapeutic options that offer real progress in reaching a future of better pain management. With an emphasis on pathophysiology, chapters review various types of pain and propose comprehensive treatment plans. These include manual therapies, novel pharmacologic and plant-based approaches, hormonal effects on pain pathways, as well as psychological and lifestyle interventions. Features · Written by a multi-discplinary team, the book provides clinicians with multiple non-opioid treatment considerations. · Enables practitioners to shift from a “one size fits all’ treatment approach toward individualized patient care. · Includes case studies to help educate the provider on how to implement treatment plans in practice. Written by a team of physicians, pharmacists, psychologists and researchers, this important book offers a much needed step forward in optimizing pain care and benefits practitioners who care for patients experiencing chronic pain.

Advanced Techniques in Musculoskeletal Medicine Physiotherapy E Book

Advanced Techniques in Musculoskeletal Medicine   Physiotherapy   E Book
Author: Fermín Valera Garrido,Francisco Minaya Muñoz
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2015-08-24
ISBN 10: 070206498X
ISBN 13: 9780702064982
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advanced Techniques in Musculoskeletal Medicine Physiotherapy E Book Book Review:

Advanced Techniques in Musculoskeletal Medicine & Physiotherapy is a brand new, highly illustrated guide to the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders. It demonstrates how to safely and effectively use selected minimally invasive therapies in practice. In addition to more well-established techniques such as acupuncture or dry needling, this ground-breaking resource also covers techniques including intratissue percutaneous electrolysis, mesotherapy, percutaneous needle tenotomy, and high volume image guided injections. Other featured chapters include those on specific musculoskeletal ultrasound such as sonoanatomy and ultrasound-guided procedures. Each chapter describes the principles, indications and contraindications, mechanisms of action and detailed outlines of techniques with an emphasis throughout on accessible practical information. Additionally, methodologies, research results and summaries of studies for particular minimally invasive therapies are presented. The book is also supported by a companion website – www.advancedtechniquesonline.com – containing procedural video clips, a full colour image library and interactive multiple choice questions (MCQs). skills-based and clinically-oriented – reinforced by the latest contemporary scientific medical research chapters on outcomes in clinical practice indications and contraindications discussed clinical cases, key terms and key points boxes used throughout companion website – www.advancedtechniquesonline.com – containing procedural video clips, full colour image bank and interactive MCQs

Illustrated Orthopedic Physical Assessment E Book

Illustrated Orthopedic Physical Assessment   E Book
Author: Ronald C. Evans
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 1208
Release: 2008-12-15
ISBN 10: 0323062989
ISBN 13: 9780323062985
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Illustrated Orthopedic Physical Assessment E Book Book Review:

Logically organized with comprehensive coverage, this newly revised third edition prepares you to choose the right orthopedic tests, accurately assess any patient, and arrive at a clear diagnosis. Trusted for both its depth of coverage and its accessible, accurate information, it features gamuts, clinical pearls, and cross-reference tables for quick and easy reference. Now in brilliant full color, with all new photos of every test, it’s even more visually appealing, and illustrates common conditions and procedural tests more effectively than ever before. This edition offers a fresh look at testing for orthopedic conditions, with detailed text that explains the key moves of each test, its alternate names, and the appropriate reporting statement. Extensive cross-referencing ensures that you can easily find the right test for efficient and effective practice, and protocol charts guide you through the examination process step by step. Chapters are logically organized by region, and tests within each chapter are arranged alphabetically, so you can find the information you need in seconds! Each test begins with a brief discussion of basic anatomy, then moves into a description of the actual procedure and ends with next-step directives. Critical Thinking questions at the end of each chapter help you apply what you’ve learned to clinical practice. Orthopedic Gamuts provide summaries of key points in a concise list – numerous gamuts within each chapter help you master material quickly and easily. Clinical Pearls share the author’s knowledge gained through years of clinical experience, helping you avoid common misdiagnoses. Cross-reference tables offer at-a-glance guidance on which tests should be used to diagnose particular diseases, for maximum accuracy and efficiency in practice. Each chapter begins with an index of tests for easy reference, and axioms that remind you of elemental information, such as how painful certain maneuvers may be or the extent of some body parts’ range. Contains a chapter on malingering (non-organically-based complaints), helping you investigate and determine the root cause of complaint, whether due to injury, for psychological reasons, or an attempt to feign injury for various purposes, such as for improper receipt of worker’s compensation. Companion DVD contains video footage of Dr. Evans performing and explaining each assessment test in the book. Full-color photographs demonstrate how to perform 237 orthopedic tests! At the Viewbox feature contains high-quality radiographs that depict various pathologies, as well as musculature and other anatomy that can’t be shown photographically.

The Concise Book of Dry Needling

The Concise Book of Dry Needling
Author: John Sharkey
Publsiher: North Atlantic Books
Total Pages: 264
Release: 2017-03-28
ISBN 10: 1623170842
ISBN 13: 9781623170844
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Concise Book of Dry Needling Book Review:

A major development in the safe and effective treatment of myofascial trigger points and myofascial pain, this book is a concise, comprehensive, and well-illustrated reference on dry needling. John Sharkey—an international authority on myofascial trigger points, myofascial pain, myofascial trigger point dry needling, and neuromuscular therapy as well as an accredited clinical anatomist—draws on his thirty years of experience in bodywork and movement therapy to provide accurate and essential criteria for the identification and subsequent treatment of myofascial trigger points through the exclusive use of a fine, filiform needle. The ideal accompaniment to course notes and the perfect tableside reference guide, this book describes the origin, etiology, and pathophysiology of the myofascial trigger point as well as indications and contraindications for myofascial trigger point dry needling. Instructive illustrations support the text, along with standards and guidelines that ensure safe, effective, and appropriate application. Physical therapists including osteopaths, chiropractors, neuromuscular therapists, soft tissue therapists, physiotherapists, and sports massage therapists will find this guide indispensible. Because Sharkey explains why so many people have unresolved chronic pain and provides clear explanations of how pain is propagated, the book is also an invaluable source of information for patients with chronic pain and their care providers.

Trigger Point Dry Needling An Evidence and Clinical Based Approach 1

Trigger Point Dry Needling An Evidence and Clinical Based Approach 1
Author: Jan Dommerholt,C?sar Fern?ndez-De-Las-Pe?as
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 0702046019
ISBN 13: 9780702046018
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Trigger Point Dry Needling An Evidence and Clinical Based Approach 1 Book Review:

This exciting new publication is the first authoritative resource on the market with an exclusive focus on Trigger Point ((TrP) dry needling. It provides a detailed and up-to-date scientific perspective against which TrP dry needling can be best understood. The first section of the book covers important topics such as the current understanding and neurophysiology of the TrP phenomena, safety and hygiene, the effect of needling on fascia and connective tissue, and an account on professional issues surrounding TrP dry needling. The second section includes a detailed and well-illustrated review of deep dry needling techniques of the most common muscles throughout the body. The third section of the book describes several other needling approaches, such as superficial dry needling, dry needling from a Western Acupuncture perspective, intramuscular stimulation, and Fu's subcutaneous needling. Trigger Point Dry Needling brings together authors who are internationally recognized specialists in the field of myofascial pain and dry needling. First book of its kind to include different needling approaches (in the context of evidence) for the management of neuromuscular pain conditions Highlights both current scientific evidence and clinicians' expertise and experience Multi-contributed by a team of top international experts Over 200 illustrations supporting the detailed description of needling techniques

Manual Therapy for Musculoskeletal Pain Syndromes

Manual Therapy for Musculoskeletal Pain Syndromes
Author: César Fernández-de-las-Peñas
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 848
Release: 2015-06-17
ISBN 10: 070205576X
ISBN 13: 9780702055768
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Manual Therapy for Musculoskeletal Pain Syndromes Book Review:

The book is divided into 11 sections, covering evidence-informed techniques in massage, trigger points, neural muscle energy, manipulations, dry needling, myofascial release, therapeutic exercise and psychological approaches. In the general introduction, several authors review the epidemiology of upper and lower extremity pain syndromes and the process of taking a comprehensive history in patients affected by pain. In chapter 5, the basic principles of the physical examination are covered, while chapter 6 places the field of manual therapy within the context of contemporary pain neurosciences and therapeutic neuroscience education. For the remaining sections, the book alternates the upper and lower quadrants. Sections 2 and 3 provide updates on mechanical neck pain, whiplash, thoracic outlet syndrome, myelopathy, radiculopathy, peri-partum pelvic pain, joint mobilizations and manipulations and therapeutic exercises, among others. Sections 4 to 9 review aspects of the shoulder, hip, elbow, knee, the wrist and hand, and finally the ankle and foot. The last two sections of the book are devoted to muscle referred pain and neurodynamics.

Myofascial Pain and Fibromyalgia

Myofascial Pain and Fibromyalgia
Author: Edward S. Rachlin,Isabel S. Rachlin
Publsiher: Mosby Incorporated
Total Pages: 606
Release: 2002
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015054249837
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Myofascial Pain and Fibromyalgia Book Review:

This concise, but thorough text covers both the theory and current practice of fibromyalgia and myofascial pain management. It provides practical, step-by-step descriptions of both traditional and state-of-the-art approaches to trigger point injections and nerve blocks, accompanied by clear diagrams that illustrate pain patterns, muscle anatomy, patient positioning, and more. An interdisciplinary approach draws on the knowledge and expertise of authorities in the fields of rheumatology, physiatry, orthopedic surgery, psychology, endocrinology, physical therapy, dentistry, ergonomic engineering, and anesthesiology. Diagnosis and treatment of fibromyalgia. The metabolic and endocrine causes of muscle pain. Treatment of neck and back pain and repetitive stress injuries. Alternative and complementary approaches to treating muscle pain and chronic pain. New diagnostic and injection techniques for myofascial pain, fibromyalgia, and trigger points. Nerve block therapy for myofascial pain. Diagnosis of musculoskeletal pain in children. Facial pain management. Five brand-new chapters (See the Table of Contents.) The role of physical therapy, including electrical modalities, massage techniques, manual therapy techniques, body mechanics, and ergonomics.

Manipulative Therapy in Rehabilitation of the Locomotor System

Manipulative Therapy in Rehabilitation of the Locomotor System
Author: Karel Lewit
Publsiher: Butterworth-Heinemann
Total Pages: 308
Release: 1991
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015024813464
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Manipulative Therapy in Rehabilitation of the Locomotor System Book Review:

This book is the updated English version (not a mere translation) of a textbook which appeared successively in Czech,in German, in Bulgarian, in Dutch and in Polish. This English version is shorter, more concise and includes the latest techniques. The role of manipulation is limited to passive mobility and an important part of this book deals with active mobility. The author emphasizes that this is a textbook and not a manual of techniques: the latter deals with individual techniques, while his purpose is to show that it can be disastrous to confine one's interest in this manner and to remain unaware of both the broader context of treatment and of the possible alternatives. There are chapters on functional anatomy, the diagnosis and treatment of disturbed locomotor system function, including indications of appropriate treatment and the place of manipulation, and finally a long chapter on the clinical aspects of impaired function of the locomotor system. The book begins by discussing the major role played by impaired function in the vast majority of patients suffering from pain arising in the locomotor system. This type of pain is altogether the most frequent from which patients suffer, and the first two chapters of this book are mainly concerned with the origin of this pain. It is traditionally associated with rheumatism, but unfortunately rheumatologists are insufficiently aware of locomotor function and leave this field largely to neurologists and orthopaedic surgeons. The author believes that the speciality which is principally concerned with impaired function and its restoration to normal is rehabiliation medicine, a term which includes physical therapy, and it is in this framework that the future of manipulation lies. This will continue to be the case until, one day, a new speciality is established, one which deals with the whole of the locomotor system and in particular with its function. Ideally, it should be called "Musculo-skeletal Medicine".

PHTLS Prehospital Trauma Life Support

PHTLS Prehospital Trauma Life Support
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Jems Publishing Company
Total Pages: 624
Release: 2006-10-01
ISBN 10: 9780323039864
ISBN 13: 0323039863
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

PHTLS Prehospital Trauma Life Support Book Review:

As the required textbook for NAEMTUs worldwide prehospital trauma life support courses, this is the definitive resource for learning basic and advanced prehospital trauma skills and concepts. Now revised and expanded to cover all aspects of military prehospital trauma with 12 new chapters, this edition is tailored expressly for the military.

Celtic Mysteries

Celtic Mysteries
Author: John Sharkey
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 128
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 9780500810569
ISBN 13: 0500810567
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Celtic Mysteries Book Review:

With more than 2,000,000 copies sold in more than a dozen languages, the Art & Imagination series provides illustrated introductions by distinguished writers and scholars to the worlds of mythology, symbols, and sacred traditions.

Muscle Pain Understanding the Mechanisms

Muscle Pain  Understanding the Mechanisms
Author: Siegfried Mense,Robert D. Gerwin
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 323
Release: 2010-06-21
ISBN 10: 9783540850212
ISBN 13: 354085021X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Muscle Pain Understanding the Mechanisms Book Review:

This edition of the companion volumes Muscle Pain: Understanding the Mech- isms and Muscle Pain: Diagnosis and Treatment is essential reading for those interested in clinical approaches to acute and chronic pain conditions involving muscle tissues and in the mechanisms underlying these conditions. The volumes cover a very important topic in pain medicine, since muscle pain is very common and can often be dif?cult to diagnose and treat effectively. Furthermore, chronic pain involving muscle and other components of the musculoskeletal system increases with age, such that it is a common complaint of those of us who are middle-aged or older. Indeed, as changing population demographics in “west- nized” countries result in higher proportions of the population living longer and being middle-aged and elderly, chronic muscle pain will likely become even more of a health problem. In the case of acute muscle pain, this can often be very intense, and in the short term can limit or modify the use of components of the musculoskeletal system associated with the sensitive muscle. Chronic muscle pain can also be intense, as well as unpleasant and disabling, and it is in many cases the over-riding symptom of most musculoskeletal disorders that are associated with long-term deleterious changes in musculoskeletal function.

Muscle Pain Diagnosis and Treatment

Muscle Pain  Diagnosis and Treatment
Author: Siegfried Mense,Robert D. Gerwin
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 366
Release: 2010-07-17
ISBN 10: 9783642054686
ISBN 13: 3642054684
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Muscle Pain Diagnosis and Treatment Book Review:

This edition of the companion volumes Muscle Pain: Understanding the Mech- isms and Muscle Pain: Diagnosis and Treatment is essential reading for those interested in clinical approaches to acute and chronic pain conditions involving muscle tissues and in the mechanisms underlying these conditions. The volumes cover a very important topic in pain medicine, since muscle pain is very common and can often be dif?cult to diagnose and treat effectively. Furthermore, chronic pain involving muscle and other components of the musculoskeletal system increases with age, such that it is a common complaint of those of us who are middle-aged or older. Indeed, as changing population demographics in “west- nized” countries result in higher proportions of the population living longer and being middle-aged and elderly, chronic muscle pain will likely become even more of a health problem. In the case of acute muscle pain, this can often be very intense, and in the short term can limit or modify the use of components of the musculoskeletal system associated with the sensitive muscle. Chronic muscle pain can also be intense, as well as unpleasant and disabling, and it is in many cases the over-riding symptom of most musculoskeletal disorders that are associated with long-term deleterious changes in musculoskeletal function.

Physical Medicine Rehabilitation

Physical Medicine   Rehabilitation
Author: Randall L. Braddom,Ralph M. Buschbacher
Publsiher: Saunders
Total Pages: 1472
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 9781416026105
ISBN 13: 141602610X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physical Medicine Rehabilitation Book Review:

Comprehensive text on physical medicine and rehabilitation, with an emphasis on keeping 'reader efficiency' in mind. Sections include: evaluation of patients, treatment techniques and special equipment, therapeutic issues and problems, and specific diagnoses. Expanded material on sensory rehabilitation interventional procedures critical thinking in, and complications resulting from, alternative medicine acupuncture imaging pharmacology and manual medicine results in the most complete, well-rounded coverage of the field.

Clinical Application of Neuromuscular Techniques

Clinical Application of Neuromuscular Techniques
Author: Leon Chaitow,Judith DeLany
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 289
Release: 2005
ISBN 10: 0443100004
ISBN 13: 9780443100000
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Clinical Application of Neuromuscular Techniques Book Review:

Designed to assist the student in acquiring and applying the ideas, concepts and methods contained in the two volumes of "Clinical Application of Neuromuscular Techniques". This title presents 34 case histories, differential diagnosis discussions and questions. Questions regarding contra-indications, tests, and details are also provided.

The Muscle and Bone Palpation Manual with Trigger Points Referral Patterns and Stretching

The Muscle and Bone Palpation Manual with Trigger Points  Referral Patterns and Stretching
Author: Joseph E. Muscolino
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 530
Release: 2008-12-01
ISBN 10: 0323051715
ISBN 13: 9780323051712
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Muscle and Bone Palpation Manual with Trigger Points Referral Patterns and Stretching Book Review:

This new work by a renowned massage author takes a close look at palpation of muscle and bone, and includes content related topics including trigger points with their pain referral patterns, stretching, and body mechanics. The DVD features video demonstrations of palpation of all muscles. Illustrations.

Evidence based Research Methods for Chinese Medicine

Evidence based Research Methods for Chinese Medicine
Author: Siu-wai Leung,Hao Hu
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 197
Release: 2016-11-24
ISBN 10: 9811022909
ISBN 13: 9789811022906
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Evidence based Research Methods for Chinese Medicine Book Review:

This book is a practical guide to the evidence-based medicine (EBM) research methods that are applicable to Chinese medicine (CM). It includes 3 parts: clinical research, healthcare data research and laboratory research. In each chapter, it explains how to acquire, analyze and evaluate a specific kind of CM research result. Authors exemplify the most important methods with successful cases in transforming reliable data into new knowledge of CM. This book emphasizes the requirements for CM researchers to design and conduct CM studies by following the best available principles, standards and guidelines.

Painful Yarns

Painful Yarns
Author: G. Lorimer Moseley,Graham Lorimer Moseley
Publsiher: Painful Yarns.
Total Pages: 113
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 0980358809
ISBN 13: 9780980358803
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Painful Yarns Book Review:

This much anticipated collection of stories, written by Oxford University Fellow and Pain Scientist, Dr GL Moseley, provides an entertaining and informative way to understand modern pain biology. Described by critics as 'a gem' and by clinicians as 'entertaining and educative', Painful Yarns is a unique book. The stories, some of his travels in outback Australia, some of experiences growing up, are great yarns. At the end of each story, there is a section "so what has this got to do with pain?" in which Lorimer uses the story as a metaphor for some aspect of pain biology. The level of the pain education is appropriate for patients and health professionals. The entertainment is good for everyone. You don't have to be interested in pain to get something from this book and a laugh or two!

Tension Type and Cervicogenic Headache

Tension Type and Cervicogenic Headache
Author: C?sar Fern?ndez-de-las-Pe?as,Lars Arendt-Nielsen,Robert Gerwin
Publsiher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Total Pages: 509
Release: 2010-10-22
ISBN 10: 9780763752835
ISBN 13: 0763752835
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Tension Type and Cervicogenic Headache Book Review:

The first textbook covering physical therapy as well as physical medicine aspects of these two highly prevalent headache disorders from both a clinical and evidence-based perspective. Written and contributed by international experts, Tension-Type and Cervicogenic Headache: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Management provides the best current evidence on the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of patients with the highly prevalent tension type and cervicogenic headache, integrating the most recent clinical research data with basic science knowledge. It covers both physical therapy and phy

Muscle Pain Syndromes and Fibromyalgia

Muscle Pain Syndromes and Fibromyalgia
Author: Andrew A. Fischer
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 158
Release: 1998
ISBN 10: 9780789005106
ISBN 13: 0789005107
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Muscle Pain Syndromes and Fibromyalgia Book Review:

Muscle Pain Syndromes and Fibromyalgia: Pressure Algometry for Quantification of Diagnosis and Treatment Outcome represents a new approach by quantifying the diagnosis and outcome assessment of musculoskeletal pain by pressure algometry. Such quantitative studies are useful in daily practice of pain management as well as in research and medicolegal documentation. The basic question of whether or not pressure sensitivity has reached an abnormal level can be answered quantitatively. Findings of different clinicians can be compared in numbers. The efficacy of different therapeutic procedures can be assessed numerically immediately after injections or physical therapy. Long-term effects of pain medications or physical modalities can be documented. The measurements take a few minutes and are simple and reliable. Muscle Pain Syndrome and Fibromyalgia is clinically oriented and presents the experience of internationally recognized authorities. This means you'll learn: the employment of pressure algometry in quantitative evaluation of pain alleviation by medications and physical modalities documentation of long-term follow up results in plantar fasciitis, failed back surgery and degenerative hip disorders treated by a new injection technique the quantified diagnosis of tender spots, active and latent trigger points and fibromyalgia the specific measurement sites, methods and goals for the evaluation of different treatments you will see how renowned clinicians in Brazil, Italy, Finland, The United States, and Taiwan employ algometry for quantitative diagnosis and evaluation of treatment results. Immediate effects of treatment as well as long-term results were successfully monitored by algometry the importance of distinguishing sensitization in the skin, subcutaneous, and deep tissues for differential diagnosis of muscle pain syndromes sensitivity over active and latent trigger points and referred pain zones Muscle Pain Syndromes and Fibromyalgia is a multidisciplinary comprehensive treatise reviewing the present status of clinical and research application of pressure algometry. This inexpensive method by its simplicity is suitable for employment in the daily practice of pain management. PA represents significant progress in approaching the important but difficult problem of how to quantify a diagnosis that is based upon such a subjective category as pain. Myofascial pain syndrome, fibromyalgia, muscle spasm and inflammation in general can be assessed quantitatively.