Toward Replacement Parts for the Brain

Toward Replacement Parts for the Brain
Author: Theodore W. Berger,Dennis Glanzman
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 405
Release: 2005
ISBN 10: 9780262025775
ISBN 13: 0262025779
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toward Replacement Parts for the Brain Book Review:

The latest advances in research on intracranial implantation of hardware models of neural circuitry. The continuing development of implantable neural prostheses signals a new era in bioengineering and neuroscience research. This collection of essays outlines current advances in research on the intracranial implantation of devices that can communicate with the brain in order to restore sensory, motor, or cognitive functions. The contributors explore the creation of biologically realistic mathematical models of brain function, the production of microchips that incorporate those models, and the integration of microchip and brain function through neuron-silicon interfaces. Recent developments in understanding the computational and cognitive properties of the brain and rapid advances in biomedical and computer engineering both contribute to this cutting-edge research. The book first examines the development of sensory system prostheses--cochlear, retinal, and visual implants--as the best foundation for considering the extension of neural prostheses to the central brain region. The book then turns to the complexity of neural representations, offering, among other approaches to the topic, one of the few existing theoretical frameworks for modeling the hierarchical organization of neural systems. Next, it examines the challenges of designing and controlling the interface between neurons and silicon, considering the necessity for bidirectional communication and for multiyear duration of the implant. Finally, the book looks at hardware implementations and explores possible ways to achieve the complexity of neural function in hardware, including the use of VLSI and photonic technologies.

Smart Prosthetics

Smart Prosthetics
Author: The National Academies,Conference, Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center of the National Academies, Irvine, California, November 9-11, 2006
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 140
Release: 2007-04-08
ISBN 10: 0309104661
ISBN 13: 9780309104661
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Smart Prosthetics Book Review:

The 2006 conference, "Smart Prosthetics: Exploring Assistive Devices for the Body and Mind," attracted scientists, engineers and medical researchers to participate in a series of task groups to develop research plans to address various challenges within the prosthetics field. Eleven conference task groups gave the participants eight hours to develop new research approaches to various challenges, including: build a smart prosthesis that will grow with a child; develop a smart prosthetic that can learn better and/or faster; refine technologies to create active orthotic devices; and describe a framework for replacing damaged cortical tissue and fostering circuit integration to restore neurological function. Representatives from public and private funding organizations, government, industry, and the science media also participated in the task groups. This book provides a summary of the conference task groups. For more information about the conference, visit the Smart Prosthetics conference site. The National Academies Keck Futures Initiative was launched in 2003 to stimulate new modes of scientific inquiry and break down the conceptual and institutional barriers to interdisciplinary research. The National Academies and the W.M. Keck Foundation believe considerable scientific progress and social benefit will be achieved by providing a counterbalance to the tendency to isolate research within academic fields. The Futures Initiative is designed to enable researchers from different disciplines to focus on new questions upon which they can base entirely new research, and to encourage better communication between scientists as well as between the scientific community and the public. Funded by a $40 million grant from the W.M. Keck Foundation, the National Academies Keck Futures Initiative is a 15-year effort to catalyze interdisciplinary inquiry and to enhance communication among researchers, funding agencies, universities, and the general public with the object of stimulating interdisciplinary research at the most exciting frontiers. The Futures Initiative builds on three pillars of vital and sustained research: interdisciplinary encounters that counterbalance specialization and isolation; the identification and exploration of new research topics; and communication that bridges languages, cultures, habits of thought, and institutions. Toward these goals, the National Academies Keck Futures Initiative incorporates three core activities each year: Futures conferences, Futures grants, and National Academies Communication Awards. For more information about the Initiative, visit www.keckfutures.org.

Neuroprosthetics

Neuroprosthetics
Author: Kenneth W. Horch,Gurpreet S. Dhillon
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 1261
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9789812380227
ISBN 13: 9812380221
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroprosthetics Book Review:

A study of neuroprosthetics. It is broadly divided into three sections which address: neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, biomaterials and biocompatibility, stimulation and recording techniques; clinical applications of neuroprosthetics; and future developments.

3rd Kuala Lumpur International Conference on Biomedical Engineering 2006

3rd Kuala Lumpur International Conference on Biomedical Engineering 2006
Author: F. Ibrahim,N.A. Abu Osman,J. Usman,N.A. Kadri
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 720
Release: 2007-04-28
ISBN 10: 9783540680178
ISBN 13: 3540680179
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

3rd Kuala Lumpur International Conference on Biomedical Engineering 2006 Book Review:

The Kuala Lumpur International Conference on Biomedical Engineering (BioMed 2006) was held in December 2006 at the Palace of the Golden Horses, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The papers presented at BioMed 2006, and published here, cover such topics as Artificial Intelligence, Biological effects of non-ionising electromagnetic fields, Biomaterials, Biomechanics, Biomedical Sensors, Biomedical Signal Analysis, Biotechnology, Clinical Engineering, Human performance engineering, Imaging, Medical Informatics, Medical Instruments and Devices, and many more.

Great War Prostheses in American Literature and Culture

Great War Prostheses in American Literature and Culture
Author: Aaron Shaheen
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 288
Release: 2020-06-25
ISBN 10: 0198857780
ISBN 13: 9780198857785
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Great War Prostheses in American Literature and Culture Book Review:

Drawing on rehabilitation publications, novels by both famous and obscure American writers, and even the prosthetic masks of a classically trained sculptor, Great War Prostheses in American Literature and Culture addresses the ways in which prosthetic devices were designed, promoted, and depicted in America in the years during and after the First World War. The war's mechanized weaponry ushered in an entirely new relationship between organic bodies and the technology that could both cause, and attempt to remedy, hideous injuries. Such a relationship was also evident in the realm of prosthetic development, which by the second decade of the twentieth century promoted the belief that a prosthesis should be a spiritual extension of the person who possessed it. This spiritualized vision of prostheses proved particularly resonant in American postwar culture. Relying on some of the most recent developments in literary and disability studies, the book's six chapters explain how a prosthesis's spiritual promise was largely dependent on its ability to nullify an injury and help an amputee renew or even improve upon his prewar life. But if it proved too cumbersome, obtrusive, or painful, the device had the long-lasting power to efface or distort his 'spirit' or personality.

Neural Prostheses

Neural Prostheses
Author: William F. Agnew,Douglas B. McCreery
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 322
Release: 1990
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015015456836
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Prostheses Book Review:

Bulletin of Prosthetics Research

Bulletin of Prosthetics Research
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1974
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: COLUMBIA:HR00142611
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bulletin of Prosthetics Research Book Review:

Peripheral Nerve Stimulation

Peripheral Nerve Stimulation
Author: K.V. Slavin
Publsiher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Total Pages: 234
Release: 2011-03-24
ISBN 10: 3805594895
ISBN 13: 9783805594899
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Peripheral Nerve Stimulation Book Review:

In a rapidly growing field of neuromodulation against pain, this excellent publication presents a unique compilation of the latest theoretical and practical information for electrical stimulation of the peripheral nerves. Chapters cover the use of peripheral nerve stimulation in particular indications such as migraine, cluster headache, pain in Chiari malformation and fibromyalgia, as well as in specific body parts such as head and neck, trunk, and extremities. Furthermore, chapters on history, technical aspects, mechanism of action, terminology, complications and other important aspects of this pain-relieving modality give you a full overview of the field. Written by leading experts, this publication provides a comprehensive and updated summary of the currently available scientific information on peripheral nerve stimulation. All chapters contain original information making this book an invaluable reference for all who deal with the management of severe and chronic pain - including neurosurgeons and neurosurgical trainees, pain specialists and practitioners, anesthesiologists and neurologists.

Implantable Neural Prostheses 1

Implantable Neural Prostheses 1
Author: David Zhou,Elias Greenbaum
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2009-06-10
ISBN 10: 9780387772615
ISBN 13: 0387772618
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Implantable Neural Prostheses 1 Book Review:

Significant progress has been made in the development of neural prostheses to restore human functions and improve the quality of human life. Biomedical engineers and neuroscientists around the world are working to improve design and performance of existing devices and to develop novel devices for artificial vision, artificial limbs, and brain–machine interfaces. This book, Implantable Neural Prostheses 1: Devices and Applications,ispart one of a two-book series and describes state-of-the-art advances in techniques associated with implantable neural prosthetic devices and their applications. Devices covered include sensory prosthetic devices, such as visual implants, cochlear implants, auditory midbrain implants, and spinal cord stimulators. Motor prosthetic devices, such as deep brain stimulators, Bion microstimu- tors, the brain control and sensing interface, and cardiac electro-stimulation devices are also included. Progress in magnetic stimulation that may offer a non-invasive approach to prosthetic devices is introduced. Regulatory approval of implantable medical devices in the United States and Europe is also discussed.

Neurobionics

Neurobionics
Author: Robert K. Shepherd
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2016-08-29
ISBN 10: 111881603X
ISBN 13: 9781118816035
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neurobionics Book Review:

Technological advances have greatly increased the potential for, and practicability of, using medical neurotechnologies to revolutionize how a wide array of neurological and nervous system diseases and dysfunctions are treated. These technologies have the potential to help reduce the impact of symptoms in neurological disorders such as Parkinson’s Disease and depression as well as help regain lost function caused by spinal cord damage or nerve damage. Medical Neurobionics is a concise overview of the biological underpinnings of neurotechnologies, the development process for these technologies, and the practical application of these advances in clinical settings. Medical Neurobionics is divided into three sections. The first section focuses specifically on providing a sound foundational understanding of the biological mechanisms that support the development of neurotechnologies. The second section looks at the efforts being carried out to develop new and exciting bioengineering advances. The book then closes with chapters that discuss practical clinical application and explore the ethical questions that surround neurobionics. A timely work that provides readers with a useful introduction to the field, Medical Neurobionics will be an essential book for neuroscientists, neuroengineers, biomedical researchers, and industry personnel.

Toward Replacement Parts for the Brain

Toward Replacement Parts for the Brain
Author: Theodore W. Berger,Dennis Glanzman
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 405
Release: 2005
ISBN 10: 9780262025775
ISBN 13: 0262025779
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toward Replacement Parts for the Brain Book Review:

The latest advances in research on intracranial implantation of hardware models of neural circuitry. The continuing development of implantable neural prostheses signals a new era in bioengineering and neuroscience research. This collection of essays outlines current advances in research on the intracranial implantation of devices that can communicate with the brain in order to restore sensory, motor, or cognitive functions. The contributors explore the creation of biologically realistic mathematical models of brain function, the production of microchips that incorporate those models, and the integration of microchip and brain function through neuron-silicon interfaces. Recent developments in understanding the computational and cognitive properties of the brain and rapid advances in biomedical and computer engineering both contribute to this cutting-edge research. The book first examines the development of sensory system prostheses--cochlear, retinal, and visual implants--as the best foundation for considering the extension of neural prostheses to the central brain region. The book then turns to the complexity of neural representations, offering, among other approaches to the topic, one of the few existing theoretical frameworks for modeling the hierarchical organization of neural systems. Next, it examines the challenges of designing and controlling the interface between neurons and silicon, considering the necessity for bidirectional communication and for multiyear duration of the implant. Finally, the book looks at hardware implementations and explores possible ways to achieve the complexity of neural function in hardware, including the use of VLSI and photonic technologies.

Cochlear Implants

Cochlear Implants
Author: John K. Niparko
Publsiher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Total Pages: 356
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 9780781777490
ISBN 13: 0781777496
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Cochlear Implants Book Review:

Thoroughly updated for its Second Edition, this book provides an in-depth discussion on prosthetic restoration of hearing via implantation. The text succinctly discusses the scientific principles behind cochlear implants, examines the latest technology, and offers practical advice on how to assess candidates, how to implant the devices, and what rehabilitation is most effective. The authors thoroughly examine the outcomes of cochlear implantation, the impact on the patient's quality of life, the benefits in relation to the costs, and the implications of cochlear implants for language and speech acquisition and childhood education.

Closed Loop Neuroscience

Closed Loop Neuroscience
Author: Ahmed El Hady
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 304
Release: 2016-09-08
ISBN 10: 0128026413
ISBN 13: 9780128026410
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Closed Loop Neuroscience Book Review:

Closed Loop Neuroscience addresses the technical aspects of closed loop neurophysiology, presenting the implementation of these approaches spanning several domains of neuroscience, from cellular and network neurophysiology, through sensory and motor systems, and then clinical therapeutic devices. Although closed-loop approaches have long been a part of the neuroscientific toolbox, these techniques are only now gaining popularity in research and clinical applications. As there is not yet a comprehensive methods book addressing the topic as a whole, this volume fills that gap, presenting state-of-the-art approaches and the technical advancements that enable their application to different scientific problems in neuroscience. Presents the first volume to offer researchers a comprehensive overview of the technical realities of employing closed loop techniques in their work Offers application to in-vitro, in-vivo, and hybrid systems Contains an emphasis on the actual techniques used rather than on specific results obtained Includes exhaustive protocols and descriptions of software and hardware, making it easy for readers to implement the proposed methodologies Encompasses the clinical/neuroprosthetic aspect and how these systems can also be used to contribute to our understanding of basic neurophysiology Edited work with chapters authored by leaders in the field from around the globe – the broadest, most expert coverage available

The Promise of Assistive Technology to Enhance Activity and Work Participation

The Promise of Assistive Technology to Enhance Activity and Work Participation
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on the Use of Selected Assistive Products and Technologies in Eliminating or Reducing the Effects of Impairments
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 502
Release: 2017-08-01
ISBN 10: 0309457874
ISBN 13: 9780309457873
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Promise of Assistive Technology to Enhance Activity and Work Participation Book Review:

The U.S. Census Bureau has reported that 56.7 million Americans had some type of disability in 2010, which represents 18.7 percent of the civilian noninstitutionalized population included in the 2010 Survey of Income and Program Participation. The U.S. Social Security Administration (SSA) provides disability benefits through the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) program and the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) program. As of December 2015, approximately 11 million individuals were SSDI beneficiaries, and about 8 million were SSI beneficiaries. SSA currently considers assistive devices in the nonmedical and medical areas of its program guidelines. During determinations of substantial gainful activity and income eligibility for SSI benefits, the reasonable cost of items, devices, or services applicants need to enable them to work with their impairment is subtracted from eligible earnings, even if those items or services are used for activities of daily living in addition to work. In addition, SSA considers assistive devices in its medical disability determination process and assessment of work capacity. The Promise of Assistive Technology to Enhance Activity and Work Participation provides an analysis of selected assistive products and technologies, including wheeled and seated mobility devices, upper-extremity prostheses, and products and technologies selected by the committee that pertain to hearing and to communication and speech in adults.

Handbook of Biomechatronics

Handbook of Biomechatronics
Author: Jacob Segil
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 619
Release: 2018-11-29
ISBN 10: 0128125403
ISBN 13: 9780128125403
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Biomechatronics Book Review:

Handbook of Biomechatronics provides an introduction to biomechatronic design as well as in-depth explanations of some of the most exciting and ground-breaking biomechatronic devices in the world today. Edited by Dr. Jacob Segil and written by a team of biomechatronics experts, the work begins with broad topics concerning biomechatronic design and components, followed by more detailed discussions of specific biomechatronic devices spanning many disciplines. This book is structured into three main parts: biomechatronic design, biomechatronic components, and biomechatronic devices. The biomechatronic design chapter discusses the history of biomechatronics, conceptual design theory, biomechatronic design methods, and design tools. The next section discusses the technologies involved in the following components: sensors, actuators, and control systems. The biomechatronic devices chapters contains distinct examples of biomechatronic devices spanning visual prostheses to brain-machine interfaces. Each chapter presents the development of these biomechatronic devices followed by an in-depth discussion of the current state of the art The only book that covers biomechatronic design, components, and devices in one comprehensive text Accessible for readers in multiple areas of study, such as bioengineering, computer science, electrical engineering, mechanical engineering, and chemical engineering Includes the most recent and groundbreaking advances and work in the biomechatronics field through industry and academic contributors

Closed Loop Systems for Next Generation Neuroprostheses

Closed Loop Systems for Next Generation Neuroprostheses
Author: Timothée Levi,Paolo Bonifazi, Paolo Massobrio,Michela Chiappalone
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2018-04-26
ISBN 10: 2889454665
ISBN 13: 9782889454662
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Closed Loop Systems for Next Generation Neuroprostheses Book Review:

Millions of people worldwide are affected by neurological disorders which disrupt the connections within the brain and between brain and body causing impairments of primary functions and paralysis. Such a number is likely to increase in the next years and current assistive technology is yet limited. A possible response to such disabilities, offered by the neuroscience community, is given by Brain-Machine Interfaces (BMIs) and neuroprostheses. The latter field of research is highly multidisciplinary, since it involves very different and disperse scientific communities, making it fundamental to create connections and to join research efforts. Indeed, the design and development of neuroprosthetic devices span/involve different research topics such as: interfacing of neural systems at different levels of architectural complexity (from in vitro neuronal ensembles to human brain), bio-artificial interfaces for stimulation (e.g. micro-stimulation, DBS: Deep Brain Stimulation) and recording (e.g. EMG: Electromyography, EEG: Electroencephalography, LFP: Local Field Potential), innovative signal processing tools for coding and decoding of neural activity, biomimetic artificial Spiking Neural Networks (SNN) and neural network modeling. In order to develop functional communication with the nervous system and to create a new generation of neuroprostheses, the study of closed-loop systems is mandatory. It has been widely recognized that closed-loop neuroprosthetic systems achieve more favorable outcomes for users then equivalent open-loop devices. Improvements in task performance, usability, and embodiment have all been reported in systems utilizing some form of feedback. The bi-directional communication between living neurons and artificial devices is the main final goal of those studies. However, closed-loop systems are still uncommon in the literature, mostly due to requirement of multidisciplinary effort. Therefore, through eBook on closed-loop systems for next-generation neuroprostheses, we encourage an active discussion among neurobiologists, electrophysiologists, bioengineers, computational neuroscientists and neuromorphic engineers. This eBook aims to facilitate this process by ordering the 25 contributions of this research in which we highlighted in three different parts: (A) Optimization of different blocks composing the closed-loop system, (B) Systems for neuromodulation based on DBS, EMG and SNN and (C) Closed-loop BMIs for rehabilitation.

Research Awards Index

Research Awards Index
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1978
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105119623689
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Research Awards Index Book Review:

Statistical Signal Processing for Neuroscience and Neurotechnology

Statistical Signal Processing for Neuroscience and Neurotechnology
Author: Karim G. Oweiss
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 433
Release: 2010-09-22
ISBN 10: 9780080962962
ISBN 13: 0080962963
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Statistical Signal Processing for Neuroscience and Neurotechnology Book Review:

This is a uniquely comprehensive reference that summarizes the state of the art of signal processing theory and techniques for solving emerging problems in neuroscience, and which clearly presents new theory, algorithms, software and hardware tools that are specifically tailored to the nature of the neurobiological environment. It gives a broad overview of the basic principles, theories and methods in statistical signal processing for basic and applied neuroscience problems. Written by experts in the field, the book is an ideal reference for researchers working in the field of neural engineering, neural interface, computational neuroscience, neuroinformatics, neuropsychology and neural physiology. By giving a broad overview of the basic principles, theories and methods, it is also an ideal introduction to statistical signal processing in neuroscience. A comprehensive overview of the specific problems in neuroscience that require application of existing and development of new theory, techniques, and technology by the signal processing community Contains state-of-the-art signal processing, information theory, and machine learning algorithms and techniques for neuroscience research Presents quantitative and information-driven science that has been, or can be, applied to basic and translational neuroscience problems

Psychoprosthetics

Psychoprosthetics
Author: Pamela Gallagher,Deirdre Desmond,Malcolm Maclachlan
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 164
Release: 2007-11-29
ISBN 10: 9781846289804
ISBN 13: 1846289807
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Psychoprosthetics Book Review:

Psychoprosthetics is defined as the study of psychological aspects of prosthetic use and of rehabilitative processes in those conditions that require the use of prosthetic devices. Psychoprosthetics: State of the Knowledge brings together, into one easily accessible volume, the most recent and exciting research and knowledge in this new field

Medical Rehabilitation of Traumatic Brain Injury

Medical Rehabilitation of Traumatic Brain Injury
Author: Lawrence J. Horn,Nathan D. Zasler
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 642
Release: 1996
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015037331603
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medical Rehabilitation of Traumatic Brain Injury Book Review: