Prostheses for the Brain

Prostheses for the Brain
Author: Andrej Kral,Felix Aplin,Hannes Maier
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 414
Release: 2021-04-03
ISBN 10: 0128188936
ISBN 13: 9780128188934
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prostheses for the Brain Book Review:

Prostheses for the Brain: Introduction to Neuroprosthetics bridges the disciplines required in the field of neuroprosthetics and provides the interdisciplinary base required for understanding neuroprosthetic devices. It introduces basic aspects from the physical, bioengineering and medical perspectives, and forms a common knowledge base. It provides the entrance to the field and sets realistic expectations, both regarding potentials as well as limitations, for the devices in both design and outcomes. The book additionally reviews the technology behind the most frequently used and most clinically successful neuroprosthetic devices. It provides the physiological background for their function, as well as the technology behind them. Finally, the authors suggest future possible developments that may play crucial role in new prostheses for the brain. This gives the reader a comprehensive view on the principles and applications of neuroprostheses. This book has been built from the authors course they teach on neuroprostheses and is ideal for students, engineers and medical professionals in this field. Introduces the general principles of conductivity of electrolytes and the processes at the tissue–electrode interface Describes safety issues and regulatory rules, clarifies conceptual differences between stimulating and sensing electrodes Reviews stimulation strategies, tissue reactions, potential medical complications, brain adaptations and the clinically most successful applications of neuroprostheses

Toward Replacement Parts for the Brain

Toward Replacement Parts for the Brain
Author: Theodore W. Berger,Dennis Glanzman
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 405
Release: 2005
ISBN 10: 9780262025775
ISBN 13: 0262025779
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toward Replacement Parts for the Brain Book Review:

The latest advances in research on intracranial implantation of hardware models of neural circuitry. The continuing development of implantable neural prostheses signals a new era in bioengineering and neuroscience research. This collection of essays outlines current advances in research on the intracranial implantation of devices that can communicate with the brain in order to restore sensory, motor, or cognitive functions. The contributors explore the creation of biologically realistic mathematical models of brain function, the production of microchips that incorporate those models, and the integration of microchip and brain function through neuron-silicon interfaces. Recent developments in understanding the computational and cognitive properties of the brain and rapid advances in biomedical and computer engineering both contribute to this cutting-edge research. The book first examines the development of sensory system prostheses--cochlear, retinal, and visual implants--as the best foundation for considering the extension of neural prostheses to the central brain region. The book then turns to the complexity of neural representations, offering, among other approaches to the topic, one of the few existing theoretical frameworks for modeling the hierarchical organization of neural systems. Next, it examines the challenges of designing and controlling the interface between neurons and silicon, considering the necessity for bidirectional communication and for multiyear duration of the implant. Finally, the book looks at hardware implementations and explores possible ways to achieve the complexity of neural function in hardware, including the use of VLSI and photonic technologies.

Smart Prosthetics

Smart Prosthetics
Author: The National Academies,Conference, Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center of the National Academies, Irvine, California, November 9-11, 2006
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 140
Release: 2007-04-08
ISBN 10: 0309104661
ISBN 13: 9780309104661
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Smart Prosthetics Book Review:

The 2006 conference, "Smart Prosthetics: Exploring Assistive Devices for the Body and Mind," attracted scientists, engineers and medical researchers to participate in a series of task groups to develop research plans to address various challenges within the prosthetics field. Eleven conference task groups gave the participants eight hours to develop new research approaches to various challenges, including: build a smart prosthesis that will grow with a child; develop a smart prosthetic that can learn better and/or faster; refine technologies to create active orthotic devices; and describe a framework for replacing damaged cortical tissue and fostering circuit integration to restore neurological function. Representatives from public and private funding organizations, government, industry, and the science media also participated in the task groups. This book provides a summary of the conference task groups. For more information about the conference, visit the Smart Prosthetics conference site. The National Academies Keck Futures Initiative was launched in 2003 to stimulate new modes of scientific inquiry and break down the conceptual and institutional barriers to interdisciplinary research. The National Academies and the W.M. Keck Foundation believe considerable scientific progress and social benefit will be achieved by providing a counterbalance to the tendency to isolate research within academic fields. The Futures Initiative is designed to enable researchers from different disciplines to focus on new questions upon which they can base entirely new research, and to encourage better communication between scientists as well as between the scientific community and the public. Funded by a $40 million grant from the W.M. Keck Foundation, the National Academies Keck Futures Initiative is a 15-year effort to catalyze interdisciplinary inquiry and to enhance communication among researchers, funding agencies, universities, and the general public with the object of stimulating interdisciplinary research at the most exciting frontiers. The Futures Initiative builds on three pillars of vital and sustained research: interdisciplinary encounters that counterbalance specialization and isolation; the identification and exploration of new research topics; and communication that bridges languages, cultures, habits of thought, and institutions. Toward these goals, the National Academies Keck Futures Initiative incorporates three core activities each year: Futures conferences, Futures grants, and National Academies Communication Awards. For more information about the Initiative, visit www.keckfutures.org.

Neural Prostheses for Restoration of Sensory and Motor Function

Neural Prostheses for Restoration of Sensory and Motor Function
Author: John K. Chapin,Karen A. Moxon
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 312
Release: 2000-09-27
ISBN 10: 9780849322259
ISBN 13: 0849322251
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Prostheses for Restoration of Sensory and Motor Function Book Review:

The prospect of interfacing the nervous system with electronic devices to stimulate or record from neural tissue suggests numerous possibilities in the field of neuroprosthetics. While the creation of a "six million dollar man" may still be far into the future, neural prostheses are rapidly becoming viable theories for a broad range of patients with injury or disease of the nervous system. Neural Prostheses for Restoration of Sensory and Motor Function presents a general review of exciting scientific discoveries that show the feasibility of using electronic devices to restore motor function in paralyzed patients. The book is divided into two sections. The first section details some of the most successful sensory and motor prosthetic devices available. It pays particular attention to the present usefulness and future promise of these devices. It explores different approaches to the use of functional electrical stimulation for the restoration of motor control. The second section highlights the growing field of brain-implantable devices for the control of artificial prosthetic devices or neural prosthetics. It considers the possible scientific and clinical advantages of using implanted devices to record signals from the nervous system and the use of those signals for the restoration of neurological function. The book presents research data that relates to the feasibility of using brain-controlled neurorobotic devices. It offers a new perspective on the practice of combining neurochemical and neurophysiological information to create prosthetic control devices that restore chemical balance to the brain. Neural Prostheses for Restoration of Sensory and Motor Function examines several different types of neural prosthetic devices as well as recent advances in research for novel devices to restore sensory and motor function in patients with neural damage. It provides authoritative information on neural prosthetic techniques and applications - specifically in relation to the sensory and motor systems of the brain.

What you need to know about Hippocampus Prosthesis A Cognitive Prosthesis to provide cure for AD other Hippocampus related Disorders

   What you need to know about Hippocampus Prosthesis      A Cognitive Prosthesis to provide cure for AD other Hippocampus related Disorders
Author: DR. HAKIM. SABOOWALA
Publsiher: Dr.Hakim Saboowala
Total Pages: 34
Release: 2019-10-08
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: 9182736450XXX
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

What you need to know about Hippocampus Prosthesis A Cognitive Prosthesis to provide cure for AD other Hippocampus related Disorders Book Review:

A hippocampus prosthesis is a type of cognitive prosthesis (a prosthesis implanted into the nervous system in order to improve or replace the function of damaged brain tissue). · Prosthetic devices replace normal function of a damaged body part; this can be simply: § A structural replacement (e.g. reconstructive surgery or glass eye) or § A rudimentary, functional replacement (e.g. a pegleg or hook). However, prosthetics involving the brain have some special categories and requirements. "Input" prosthetics, such as retinal or cochlear implant, supply signals to the brain that the patient eventually learns to interpret as sight or sound. "Output" prosthetics use brain signals to drive a bionic arm, hand or computer device, and require considerable training during which the patient learns to generate the desired action via their thoughts. · Both of these types of prosthetics rely on the plasticity of the brain to adapt to the requirement of the prosthesis, thus allowing the user to "learn" the use of his new body part. Thus, such a device must be able to fully replace the function of a small section of the nervous system—using that section's normal mode of operation. I have endeavored in this Booklet to elucidate comprehensively several criteria of a viable Hippocampal Neural Prosthesis to provide a cure for Alzheimer’s Disease and other Hippocampus related disorders. ……Dr.H.K.Saboowala.M.B.(Bom) M.R.S.H.(London)

Implantable Neural Prostheses 1

Implantable Neural Prostheses 1
Author: David Zhou,Elias Greenbaum
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 376
Release: 2009-06-10
ISBN 10: 9780387772615
ISBN 13: 0387772618
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Implantable Neural Prostheses 1 Book Review:

Significant progress has been made in the development of neural prostheses to restore human functions and improve the quality of human life. Biomedical engineers and neuroscientists around the world are working to improve design and performance of existing devices and to develop novel devices for artificial vision, artificial limbs, and brain–machine interfaces. This book, Implantable Neural Prostheses 1: Devices and Applications,ispart one of a two-book series and describes state-of-the-art advances in techniques associated with implantable neural prosthetic devices and their applications. Devices covered include sensory prosthetic devices, such as visual implants, cochlear implants, auditory midbrain implants, and spinal cord stimulators. Motor prosthetic devices, such as deep brain stimulators, Bion microstimu- tors, the brain control and sensing interface, and cardiac electro-stimulation devices are also included. Progress in magnetic stimulation that may offer a non-invasive approach to prosthetic devices is introduced. Regulatory approval of implantable medical devices in the United States and Europe is also discussed.

Neural Prostheses

Neural Prostheses
Author: William F. Agnew,Douglas B. McCreery
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 322
Release: 1990
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015015456836
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Prostheses Book Review:

Prosthetics

Prosthetics
Author: Emma Huddleston
Publsiher: North Star Editions, Inc.
Total Pages: 32
Release: 2019-08-01
ISBN 10: 1641859741
ISBN 13: 9781641859745
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prosthetics Book Review:

Introduces readers to the science behind prosthetics, including how and why the technology was created, current examples of the technology in action, and cutting-edge research advancing the technology. Eye-catching infographics, clear text, informative sidebars, and a “How It Works” special feature make this book an engaging introduction to this exciting technology.

Neuroprosthetics

Neuroprosthetics
Author: Kenneth W. Horch,Gurpreet S. Dhillon
Publsiher: World Scientific
Total Pages: 1261
Release: 2004
ISBN 10: 9789812380227
ISBN 13: 9812380221
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neuroprosthetics Book Review:

A study of neuroprosthetics. It is broadly divided into three sections which address: neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, biomaterials and biocompatibility, stimulation and recording techniques; clinical applications of neuroprosthetics; and future developments.

Neural Prostheses

Neural Prostheses
Author: Robert J. Maciunas
Publsiher: Thieme
Total Pages: 372
Release: 2000
ISBN 10: 9781879284739
ISBN 13: 1879284731
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neural Prostheses Book Review:

Neural prostheses have been used for centuries as structural replacements, in particular for injuries to the cranium. And today, neural prostheses are designed to restore a broad range of nervous system functions previously lost due to trauma or disease. While their complexity may vary from nerve conduits to prosthetic brain implants, neural devices have improved the lives of patients and broadened the scope of disabilities that can be treated. Neural Prostheses is the first comprehensive book to look at the history and recent, state-of-the-art developments of neural prostheses. Dr. Maciunas has gathered the country's leading experts in structural and functional protheses development to provide a look at the history, current use and the future of prostheses in the areas of: Spinal instrumentation as implanted neural prostheses Cranial reconstruction Angioplasty and stenting The use of indwelling of radioisotopes Chemodes Slow-release polymers for chemotherapy Cell transplantation for movement disorders Gene therapy for the treatment of CNS disease Microelectrode prostheses Cochlear implants -The use of robotics (Distributed by Thieme for the American Association of Neurological Surgeons)

Adaptive Real Time Decoding of Brain Signals for Long Term Control of a Neuro Prosthetic Device

Adaptive Real Time Decoding of Brain Signals for Long Term Control of a Neuro Prosthetic Device
Author: Tushar Ashok Dharampal
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:777396281
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Adaptive Real Time Decoding of Brain Signals for Long Term Control of a Neuro Prosthetic Device Book Review:

Changes in the statistical properties of neural signals recorded at the brain machine interface (BMI) pose significant challenges for accurate long-term control of prostheses interfaced directly with the brain by continuously altering the relationship between neural responses and desired action. In this thesis, we develop and test an adaptive decoding algorithm that can recover from changes in the statistical properties of neural signals within minutes. The adaptive decoding algorithm uses a Kalman filter as part of a dual-filter design to continuously optimize the relationship between the observed neural responses and the desired action of the prosthesis. Performance of the algorithm was evaluated by simulating the encoding of arm movement by neurons in the primary motor cortex under stationary conditions as well as nonstationary conditions depicting loss and/or replacement of neurons in the population. The time taken for the system to fully recover (3-12 minutes) was faster than other adaptive systems (Rotermund et al 2006) and resulted in errors that were well matched to the initial system performance. The algorithm adapts to the local properties of the stimulus and is able to decode movements with high accuracy outside the trained movement space. This implementation lends itself favorably toward a portable, robust long-term decoding approach at the brain machine interface capable of providing accurate real-time decoding of neural signals over periods of weeks to months without outside intervention.

3rd Kuala Lumpur International Conference on Biomedical Engineering 2006

3rd Kuala Lumpur International Conference on Biomedical Engineering 2006
Author: F. Ibrahim,N.A. Abu Osman,J. Usman,N.A. Kadri
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 720
Release: 2007-04-28
ISBN 10: 9783540680178
ISBN 13: 3540680179
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

3rd Kuala Lumpur International Conference on Biomedical Engineering 2006 Book Review:

The Kuala Lumpur International Conference on Biomedical Engineering (BioMed 2006) was held in December 2006 at the Palace of the Golden Horses, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. The papers presented at BioMed 2006, and published here, cover such topics as Artificial Intelligence, Biological effects of non-ionising electromagnetic fields, Biomaterials, Biomechanics, Biomedical Sensors, Biomedical Signal Analysis, Biotechnology, Clinical Engineering, Human performance engineering, Imaging, Medical Informatics, Medical Instruments and Devices, and many more.

Clinical Systems Neuroscience

Clinical Systems Neuroscience
Author: Kenji Kansaku,Leonardo G. Cohen,Niels Birbaumer
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 387
Release: 2015-01-28
ISBN 10: 4431550372
ISBN 13: 9784431550372
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Clinical Systems Neuroscience Book Review:

The impaired brain has often been difficult to rehabilitate owing to limited knowledge of the brain system. Recently, advanced imaging techniques such as fMRI and MEG have allowed researchers to investigate spatiotemporal dynamics in the living human brain. Consequently, knowledge in systems neuroscience is now rapidly growing. Advanced techniques have found practical application by providing new prosthetics, such as brain–machine interfaces, expanding the range of activities of persons with disabilities, or the elderly. The book’s chapters are authored by researchers from various research fields such as systems neuroscience, rehabilitation, neurology, psychology and engineering. The book explores the latest advancements in neurorehabilitation, plasticity and brain–machine interfaces among others and constitutes a solid foundation for researchers who aim to contribute to the science of brain function disabilities and ultimately to the well-being of patients and the elderly worldwide.

Auditory Prostheses

Auditory Prostheses
Author: Fan-Gang Zeng,Arthur N. Popper,Richard R. Fay
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 392
Release: 2011-09-15
ISBN 10: 9781441994349
ISBN 13: 1441994343
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Auditory Prostheses Book Review:

Cochlear implants are currently the standard treatment for profound sensorineural hearing loss. In the last decade, advances in auditory science and technology have not only greatly expanded the utility of electric stimulation to other parts of the auditory nervous system in addition to the cochlea, but have also demonstrated drastic changes in the brain in responses to electric stimulation, including changes in language development and music perception. Volume 20 of SHAR focused on basic science and technology underlying the cochlear implant. However, due to the newness of the ideas and technology, the volume did not cover any emerging applications such as bilateral cochlear implants, combined acoustic-electric stimulation, and other types of auditory prostheses, nor did it review brain plasticity in responses to electric stimulation and its perceptual and language consequences. This proposed volume takes off from Volume 20, and expands the examination of implants into new and highly exciting areas. This edited book starts with an overview and introduction by Dr. Fan-Gang Zeng. Chapters 2-9 cover technological development and the advances in treating the full spectrum of ear disorders in the last ten years. Chapters 10-15 discuss brain responses to electric stimulation and their perceptual impact. This volume is particularly exciting because there have been quantum leap from the traditional technology discussed in Volume 20. Thus, this volume is timely and will be of real importance to the SHAR audience.

Advances in Motor Neuroprostheses

Advances in Motor Neuroprostheses
Author: Ramana Vinjamuri
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 162
Release: 2020-04-10
ISBN 10: 3030387402
ISBN 13: 9783030387402
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Motor Neuroprostheses Book Review:

This book provides a comprehensive review of recent developments in the field of motor neuroprosthetics and brain-machine interfaces. Chapters in this book are provided by leading experts in the field and include topics such as the design and control of multidimensional prosthetics and exoskeletons, deep brain stimulation, functional electrical stimulation, deep learning for brain machine interfaces, biofeedback, and cognitive intent for adaptation of motor prostheses. This book is a great resource for undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, engineers from related disciplines, entrepreneurs, and anyone interested in the latest progress in the field of motor neuroprostheses.

Functional Electrical Stimulation

Functional Electrical Stimulation
Author: F. Terry Hambrecht,James B. Reswick
Publsiher: Marcel Dekker Incorporated
Total Pages: 543
Release: 1977
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015049453411
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Functional Electrical Stimulation Book Review:

Challenges of Neurorehabilitation and the Prosthetic Prescription for a Patient with an Anoxic Brain Injury Understanding how Neuropsychological Changes Affect Functional Rehabilitation

Challenges of Neurorehabilitation and the Prosthetic Prescription for a Patient with an Anoxic Brain Injury  Understanding how Neuropsychological Changes Affect Functional Rehabilitation
Author: Jenna Meriggi
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2017
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:1163840977
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Challenges of Neurorehabilitation and the Prosthetic Prescription for a Patient with an Anoxic Brain Injury Understanding how Neuropsychological Changes Affect Functional Rehabilitation Book Review:

Objectives: For amputees, the use of prostheses can be a vital part of their lives improving function and independence. Unfortunately, rejection and non-functional use of prostheses can be high especially in upper extremity amputees. Regardless of technological advances, motor learning is a fundamental principle of prosthetic integration that must be considered in the brain injured population. In brain inured patientsu2019 impairment in memory and executive control may account for difficulty applying procedural knowledge and independently using an upper limb prosthesis. In this case report we five factors that must be considered in the comprehensive rehabilitation of a brain injured upper extremity amputee: (1) Acceptance of adult functional role; (2) capacity of independent use; (3) learning, memory, and cognition; (4) functional performance; and (5) physical and mental health.Methods: 26-year-old male patient with no past medical history was working on a roof when he came in contact with a high-voltage electrical supply line and sustained electrocution and severe electrical burns to the bilateral hands and forearms, fell 20 feet off of the roof, and was found in ventricular fibrillation arrest and was successfully resuscitated by emergency medical services. Computed tomography imaging revealed bilateral loss of gray-white matter differentiation at the parieto-occipital regions and basal ganglia with progressive cerebral edema. There was no hemorrhagic focus or midline shift. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed symmetric T2/FLAIR hyperintensity involving the right occipital regions as well as the deep gray structures with associated diffusion restriction consistent with anoxic injury. Due to extent of his electrical burns he underwent bilateral below elbow amputations with skin grafting. He was subsequently fitted for bilateral body powered upper limb prostheses that he was unable to use. He was referred to the Brain Injury Medicine service for cognitive evaluation. Results: The patient was admitted to acute inpatient rehabilitation with a goal of training the patient to use his prostheses. In regard to learning, memory, and cognition, the results of neuropsychological battery indicated that the patientu2019s memory and executive functioning were impaired. Impairments in executive control may account for the patientu2019s difficulty applying procedural knowledge. While the patient had good memory in a structed environment he had memory failures during unstructured, novel, or complex task. These were all barriers that led to the patientu2019s poor functional performance with prostheses use. To facilitate improvement in memory the patient was started on Donepezil 5 mg nightly and titrated up to 10 mg nightly after one week. The patient demonstrated improvements with procedural memory with using his prostheses with donepezil combined with comprehensive therapy and task specific training. The patientu2019s health problems profoundly affected his rehabilitation course with frequent debilitating anxiety, post-traumatic stress, and agitation. The patient continued Effexor and was prescribed Depakote and propranolol. The patient was also started on gabapentin for neuropathic residual limb pain. Improvements in pain, mood, and anxiety facilitated participation in rehabilitation. Over the course of the patientu2019s injury he had developed a reliance on others with a tendency to rely on others rather than complete tasks independently. This reliance on others impacted the patientu2019s ability to independently utilize his prostheses. The patient was not ready to accept an adult independent functional role with limited adoption of normative adult roles. Over the course of rehabilitation, the patient demonstrated that he could perform basic device functions but his poor ability to trouble-shoot spontaneously and over reliance on others raise doubts of his ability to independently manage his prosthesis at home.Conclusions: The findings suggest that the prosthetic prescription should be considered within the context of a larger plan to address the patientu2019s health and disability. Through this case we identified five measures that may provide critical information useful for clinical decision making. Neuropsychologic testing and early brain injury medicine consultation to medically optimize the patient using our five measures should be considered prior to writing the prosthetic prescription.

Atlas of Orthoses and Assistive Devices E Book

Atlas of Orthoses and Assistive Devices E Book
Author: Joseph Webster,Douglas Murphy
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 672
Release: 2017-11-24
ISBN 10: 0323554261
ISBN 13: 9780323554268
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Atlas of Orthoses and Assistive Devices E Book Book Review:

Advances in the material sciences, 3D printing technology, functional electrical stimulation, smart devices and apps, FES technology, sensors and microprocessor technologies, and more have lately transformed the field of orthotics, making the prescription of these devices more complex than ever before. Atlas of Orthoses and Assistive Devices, 5th Edition, brings you completely up to date with these changes, helping physiatrists, orthopaedic surgeons, prosthetists, orthotists, and other rehabilitative specialists work together to select the appropriate orthotic device for optimal results in every patient.

Toward Brain computer Interfacing

Toward Brain computer Interfacing
Author: Guido Dornhege
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 507
Release: 2007
ISBN 10: 0262042444
ISBN 13: 9780262042444
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toward Brain computer Interfacing Book Review:

The latest research in the development of technologies that will allow humans tocommunicate, using brain signals only, with computers, wheelchairs, prostheses, and otherdevices.

The Handbook of Information Security for Advanced Neuroprosthetics

The Handbook of Information Security for Advanced Neuroprosthetics
Author: Matthew E. Gladden
Publsiher: Synthypnion Academic
Total Pages: 324
Release: 2017-02-20
ISBN 10: 1944373101
ISBN 13: 9781944373108
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Handbook of Information Security for Advanced Neuroprosthetics Book Review:

How does one ensure information security for a computer that is entangled with the structures and processes of a human brain – and for the human mind that is interconnected with such a device? The need to provide information security for neuroprosthetic devices grows more pressing as increasing numbers of people utilize therapeutic technologies such as cochlear implants, retinal prostheses, robotic prosthetic limbs, and deep brain stimulation devices. Moreover, emerging neuroprosthetic technologies for human enhancement are expected to increasingly transform their human users’ sensory, motor, and cognitive capacities in ways that generate new ‘posthumanized’ sociotechnological realities. In this context, it is essential not only to ensure the information security of such neuroprostheses themselves but – more importantly – to ensure the psychological and physical health, autonomy, and personal identity of the human beings whose cognitive processes are inextricably linked with such devices. InfoSec practitioners must not only guard against threats to the confidentiality and integrity of data stored within a neuroprosthetic device’s internal memory; they must also guard against threats to the confidentiality and integrity of thoughts, memories, and desires existing within the mind the of the device’s human host. This second edition of The Handbook of Information Security for Advanced Neuroprosthetics updates the previous edition’s comprehensive investigation of these issues from both theoretical and practical perspectives. It provides an introduction to the current state of neuroprosthetics and expected future trends in the field, along with an introduction to fundamental principles of information security and an analysis of how they must be re-envisioned to address the unique challenges posed by advanced neuroprosthetics. A two-dimensional cognitional security framework is presented whose security goals are designed to protect a device’s human host in his or her roles as a sapient metavolitional agent, embodied embedded organism, and social and economic actor. Practical consideration is given to information security responsibilities and roles within an organizational context and to the application of preventive, detective, and corrective or compensating security controls to neuroprosthetic devices, their host-device systems, and the larger supersystems in which they operate. Finally, it is shown that while implantable neuroprostheses create new kinds of security vulnerabilities and risks, they may also serve to enhance the information security of some types of human hosts (such as those experiencing certain neurological conditions).