Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations

Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations
Author: M.B. Kirkham
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 598
Release: 2014-04-21
ISBN 10: 0124200788
ISBN 13: 9780124200784
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations Book Review:

Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations, 2e describes the principles of water relations within soils, followed by the uptake of water and its subsequent movement throughout and from the plant body. This is presented as a progressive series of physical and biological interrelations, even though each topic is treated in detail on its own. The book also describes equipment used to measure water in the soil-plant-atmosphere system. At the end of each chapter is a biography of a scientist whose principles are discussed in the chapter. In addition to new information on the concept of celestial time, this new edition also includes new chapters on methods to determine sap flow in plants dual-probe heat-pulse technique to monitor water in the root zone. Provides the necessary understanding to address advancing problems in water availability for meeting ecological requirements at local, regional and global scales Covers plant anatomy: an essential component to understanding soil and plant water relations

Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations

Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations
Author: M.B. Kirkham
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 520
Release: 2004-10-23
ISBN 10: 9780080492162
ISBN 13: 0080492169
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations Book Review:

Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations combines biology and physics to show how water moves through the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. This text explores the instrumentation and the methods used to measure the status of water in soil and plants. Principles are clearly presented with the aid of diagrams, anatomical figures, and images of instrumentation. The methods on instrumentation can be used by researchers, consultants, and the military to monitor soil degradation, including measurements of soil compaction, repellency, oxygen diffusion rate, and unsaturated hydraulic conductivity. Intended for graduate students in plant and soil science programs, this book also serves as a useful reference for agronomists, plant ecologists, and agricultural engineers. * Principles are presented in an easy-to-understand style * Heavily illustrated with more than 200 figures; diagrams are professionally drawn * Anatomical figures show root, stem, leaf, and stomata * Figures of instruments show how they work * Book is carefully referenced, giving sources for all information * Struggles and accomplishments of scientists who developed the theories are given in short biographies.

Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations

Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations
Author: M. B. Kirkham
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 579
Release: 2014
ISBN 10: 9789351073758
ISBN 13: 9351073750
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Soil and Plant Water Relations Book Review:

Water Relations of Plants and Soils

Water Relations of Plants and Soils
Author: Paul Jackson Kramer,John Strickland Boyer
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 495
Release: 1995
ISBN 10: 0124250602
ISBN 13: 9780124250604
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Relations of Plants and Soils Book Review:

Water Relations of Plants and Soils, successor to the seminal 1983 book by Paul Kramer, covers the entire field of water relations using current concepts and consistent terminology. Emphasis is on the interdependence of processes, including rate of water absorption, rate of transpiration, resistance to water flow into roots, soil factors affecting water availability. New trends in the field, such as the consideration of roots (rather than leaves) as the primary sensors of water stress, are examined in detail. Key Features * Addresses the role of water in the whole range of plant activities * Describes molecular mechanisms of water action in the context of whole plants * Synthesizes recent scientific findings * Relates current concepts to agriculture and ecology * Provides a summary of methods

Water Dynamics in Plant Production 2nd Edition

Water Dynamics in Plant Production  2nd Edition
Author: Wilfried Ehlers,Michael Goss
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 395
Release: 2016-03-24
ISBN 10: 1780643810
ISBN 13: 9781780643816
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Dynamics in Plant Production 2nd Edition Book Review:

Water is the most basic essential for plant growth; an inadequate supply causes severe problems, as plants rely on the water transmitted by soil to meet their physiological and nutritional needs. Since the first edition was published, flooding and droughts throughout the world have made water an even more topical subject, as the importance and instability of our water supplies have been brought to the forefront of daily life. This new edition of Water Dynamics in Plant Production focuses on the dynamics of water through the hydrologic cycle and the associated mechanisms that plants employ to optimize growth and development. It describes the basic scientific principles of water transport in the soil-plant atmosphere continuum, and explains the linkage between transpirational water use and dry matter production. Paying particular attention to the various agronomic strategies for adaptation to climate-driven limitations of water resources, the efficiency of water use in plant production and in achieving an economic yield is presented in detail. This book offers a multidisciplinary introduction to the fundamentals and applications of water dynamics in natural and managed ecosystems. Including text boxes throughout, as well as online supplementary material, it provides an essential state of-the-art resource for students and researchers of soil and plant science, hydrology and agronomy.

Elevated Carbon Dioxide

Elevated Carbon Dioxide
Author: M.B. Kirkham
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 415
Release: 2016-04-19
ISBN 10: 9781439855058
ISBN 13: 1439855056
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Elevated Carbon Dioxide Book Review:

Between 1958 and 2008, the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere increased from 316 to 385 ppm. Continued increases in CO2 concentration will significantly affect long-term climate change, including variations in agricultural yields. Focusing on this critical issue, Elevated Carbon Dioxide: Impacts on Soil and Plant Water Relations presents research conducted on field-grown sorghum, winter wheat, and rangeland plants under elevated CO2. It describes specific results from pioneering experiments performed over a seven-year period in the Evapotranspiration Laboratory at Kansas State University, along with experiments appearing in peer-reviewed journal articles. Select articles from the literature serve as examples in the text. For each paper discussed, the author includes the common and scientific name of the plant under investigation. For each experiment, the author provides the type of soil used (if given in the original article) and general conditions of the experiment. All references are carefully documented so that readers can easily find the original source. The first chapter of the book deals with drought, the three types of photosynthesis, and how water moves through the soil–plant–atmosphere continuum. With a focus on soil, the next several chapters discuss the composition of the soil atmosphere, the interaction of elevated CO2 with physical factors that affect root growth, variable oxygen concentration of soil, and when the atmosphere above soil is elevated with CO2. The author goes on to examine the use of carbon isotope ratios in plant science; the effects of elevated CO2 on plant water, osmotic, and turgor potentials; and stomata under elevated CO2, including stomatal conductance and density. The text also explains the effects of elevated CO2 on transpiration and evapotranspiration, explores historical aspects of water use efficiency, compares C3 and C4 plants under elevated CO2, and details the advantages of C4 photosynthesis. The concluding chapters cover plant anatomy, the effects of elevated CO2 on phenology, and measures of plant growth. How have plants responded to increased levels of atmospheric CO2? Are some plants reacting better than others? Drawing on a host of scientific studies, this text explores how rising levels of CO2 in the atmosphere have impacted water in plants and soils.

Water Relations of Plants

Water Relations of Plants
Author: Paul J Kramer
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 489
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN 10: 0323138233
ISBN 13: 9780323138239
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water Relations of Plants Book Review:

Water Relations of Plants attempts to explain the importance of water through a description of the factors that control the plant water balance and how they affect the physiological processes that determine the quantity and quality of growth. Organized into 13 chapters, this book first discusses the functions and properties of water and the plant cell water relations. Subsequent chapters focus on measurement and control of soil water, as well as growth and functions of root. This book also looks into the water absorption, the ascent of sap, the transpiration, and the water stress and its effects on plant processes and growth. This book will be useful for students, teachers, and investigators in both basic and applied plant science, as well as for botanists, agronomists, foresters, horticulturists, soil scientists, and even laymen with an interest in plant water relations.

Responses of Organisms to Water Stress

Responses of Organisms to Water Stress
Author: Sener Akinci
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 190
Release: 2013-01-16
ISBN 10: 9535109332
ISBN 13: 9789535109334
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Responses of Organisms to Water Stress Book Review:

The same amount of water has been present on our planet for about 4 billion years, since shortly after the Earth was formed. Since then it has cycled through evaporation, condensation, precipitation and surface runoff multiple times. Water scarcity as an abiotic factor ranging from moderate to severe stress levels, accompanied by loss of moisture in the soil, is extremely hard for most organisms to cope with, particularly terrestrial plants and their food-chain dependents. Because of the potential for increasing temporary, or posssibly permanent, drought conditions in the future, there is intense focus on improving plant resistance to drought and increasing yield performance in water- limited environments through genotype selection in important crops. This book aims to contribute to understanding of how plants and other organisms respond to water stress conditions, and the various survival strategies adopted under differing moisture levels.

Climate Change and Terrestrial Ecosystem Modeling

Climate Change and Terrestrial Ecosystem Modeling
Author: Gordon Bonan
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 482
Release: 2019-02-28
ISBN 10: 1107043786
ISBN 13: 9781107043787
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change and Terrestrial Ecosystem Modeling Book Review:

Provides an essential introduction to modeling terrestrial ecosystems in Earth system models for graduate students and researchers.

Principles of Plant Nutrition

Principles of Plant Nutrition
Author: Konrad Mengel,Ernest A. Kirkby
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 849
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9401010099
ISBN 13: 9789401010092
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Plant Nutrition Book Review:

This is the 5th edition of a well-established book Principles of Plant Nutrition which was first published in 1978. The same format is maintained as in previous editions with the primary aim of the authors to consider major processes in soils and plants that are of relevance to plant nutrition.This new edition gives an up-to-date account of the scientific advances of the subject by making reference to about 2000 publications. An outstanding feature of the book, which distinguishes it from others, is its wide approach encompassing not only basic nutrition and physiology, but also practical aspects of plant nutrition involving fertilizer usage and crop production of direct importance to human nutrition. Recognizing the international readership of the book, the authors, as in previous editions, have attempted to write in a clear concise style of English for the benefit of the many readers for whom English is not their mother tongue. The book will be of use to undergraduates and postgraduates in Agriculture, Horticulture, Forestry and Ecology as well as those researching in Plant Nutrition.

Principles of Soil Physics

Principles of Soil Physics
Author: Rattan Lal,Manoj K. Shukla
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 528
Release: 2004-05-28
ISBN 10: 9780824753245
ISBN 13: 0824753240
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Soil Physics Book Review:

Principles of Soil Physics examines the impact of the physical, mechanical, and hydrological properties and processes of soil on agricultural production, the environment, and sustainable use of natural resources. The text incorporates valuable assessment methods, graphs, problem sets, and tables from recent studies performed around the globe and offers an abundance of tables, photographs, and easy-to-follow equations in every chapter. The book discusses the consequences of soil degradation, such as erosion, inhibited root development, and poor aeration. It begins by defining soil physics, soil mechanics, textural properties, and packing arrangements . The text continues to discuss the theoretical and practical aspects of soil structure and explain the significance and measurement of bulk density, porosity, and compaction. The authors proceed to clarify soil hydrology topics including hydrologic cycle, water movement, infiltration, modeling, soil evaporation, and solute transport processes. They address the impact of soil temperature on crop growth, soil aeration, and the processes that lead to the emission of greenhouse gases. The final chapters examine the physical properties of gravelly soils and water movement in frozen, saline, and water-repellant soils. Reader-friendly and up-to-date, Principles of Soil Physics provides unparalleled coverage of issues related to soil physics, structure, hydrology, aeration, temperature, and analysis and presents practical techniques for maintaining soil quality to ultimately preserve its sustainability.

Water and Plant Life

Water and Plant Life
Author: O.L. Lange,Ludger Kappen,E.-D. Schulze
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 538
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642664296
ISBN 13: 9783642664298
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Water and Plant Life Book Review:

Prospects for Saline Agriculture

Prospects for Saline Agriculture
Author: R. Ahmad,K.A. Malik
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 460
Release: 2013-11-09
ISBN 10: 9401700672
ISBN 13: 9789401700672
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Prospects for Saline Agriculture Book Review:

Saline land is a resource capable of significant production. Recent advances in research in breeding for salt tolerance in wheat, biotechnology in rice, and selection and rehabilitation of salt-tolerant plants are of economic importance in arid/saline conditions. This book gives some practical approaches for saline agriculture and afforestation, and describes examples of cultivating salt-tolerant/halophytic plants for commercial interest on salt-affected land or with highly salinized water in Australia, China, Central Asia, Egypt, Pakistan, and Russia. It also explores the possibilities of arid/saline agriculture and afforestation in UAE.

Soil and Water Engineering

Soil and Water Engineering
Author: Balram Panigrahi,Megh R. Goyal
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 616
Release: 2017-03-03
ISBN 10: 1771883936
ISBN 13: 9781771883931
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Soil and Water Engineering Book Review:

Modeling aspects have added a new dimension in research innovations in all branches of engineering. In the field of soil and water engineering, they are increasingly used for planning, development, and management of land and water resources, including analysis of quantity and quality parameters of surface and ground water, flood forecasting and control measures, optimum allocation and utilization of irrigation water. The application of these models saves considerable time in decision support systems and helps in conservation and optimum allocations of scarce precious natural resources.

Plant Soil Water Relationships

Plant   Soil Water Relationships
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 135
Release: 1969
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:637982726
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plant Soil Water Relationships Book Review:

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination
Author: Maria C. Hernandez Soriano
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 920
Release: 2014-03-26
ISBN 10: 953511235X
ISBN 13: 9789535112358
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination Book Review:

Soil is an irreplaceable resource that sustains life on the planet, challenged by food and energy demands of an increasing population. Therefore, soil contamination constitutes a critical issue to be addressed if we are to secure the life quality of present and future generations. Integrated efforts from researchers and policy makers are required to develop sound risk assessment procedures, remediation strategies and sustainable soil management policies. Environmental Risk Assessment of Soil Contamination provides a wide depiction of current research in soil contamination and risk assessment, encompassing reviews and case studies on soil pollution by heavy metals and organic pollutants. The book introduces several innovative approaches for soil remediation and risk assessment, including advances in phytoremediation and implementation of metabolomics in soil sciences.

Agricultural Physics

Agricultural Physics
Author: C. W. Rose
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 248
Release: 2013-10-22
ISBN 10: 1483139255
ISBN 13: 9781483139258
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Agricultural Physics Book Review:

Agricultural Physics discusses agricultural problems, some aspects of the environment, and water relations of plants from a physical point of view. This book provides particular attention to clarifying fundamental concepts and processes, such as the concept of the total potential of water and its components, which is of basic importance in understanding water movement in soil, plant, or atmosphere. Subject matters covered in this text are limited to topics to which physics has made a significant contribution, for instance, the experimental aspects of crop water use. This text is divided into eight chapters. Chapters 1 to 3 focus solely on the physical environment of agriculture, providing a background of the literature on the micrometeorology of crops and single plants. Some physical aspects of soils are elaborated in Chapters 4 and 6, while attributes of crop water use are covered in Chapters 5, 7, and 8. This publication is a good source for agriculturists, physiologists, and researchers conducting work on aspects of soils and plant water relations.

Heavy Metal Stress in Plants

Heavy Metal Stress in Plants
Author: M.N.V. Prasad,Jürgen Hagemeyer
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 401
Release: 2013-03-09
ISBN 10: 3662077450
ISBN 13: 9783662077450
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Heavy Metal Stress in Plants Book Review:

Heavy metal phytotoxicity has been known for more than a century. However, research in the past years has confirmed the immense damage by metal pollution to plants, the soil and ultimately to humans. By reviewing both field and laboratory work, this book deals with the various functional and ecological aspects of heavy metal stress on plants and outlines the scope for future research and the possibilities for remediation.

Principles of Soil Chemistry Fourth Edition

Principles of Soil Chemistry  Fourth Edition
Author: Kim H. Tan
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 390
Release: 2011-07-08
ISBN 10: 1439813957
ISBN 13: 9781439813959
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Principles of Soil Chemistry Fourth Edition Book Review:

Learn the secrets of soil chemistry and its role in agriculture and the environment. Examine the fundamental laws of soil chemistry, how they affect dissolution, cation and anion exchange, and other reactions. Explore how water can form water-bridges and hydrogen bonding, the most common forces in adsorption, chelation, and more. Discover how electrical charges develop in soils creating electrochemical potentials forcing ions to move into the plant body through barriers such as root membranes, nourishing crops and plants. You can do all this and more with Principles of Soil Chemistry, Fourth Edition. Since the first edition published in 1982, this resource has made a name for itself as a textbook for upper level undergraduates and as a handy reference for professionals and scientists. This fourth edition reexamines the entire reach of soil chemistry while maintaining the clear, concise style that made previous editions so user-friendly. By completely revising, updating, and incorporating a decade’s worth of new information, author Kim Tan has made this edition an entirely new and better book. See what's new in the Fourth Edition Reexamines atoms as the smallest particle that will enter into chemical reactions by probing new advances testifying the presence of subatomic particles and concepts such as string theory Underscores oxygen as the key element in soil air and atmosphere for life on earth Reevaluates the idea of transformation of orthoclase into albite by simple cation exchange reactions as misleading and bending scientific concepts of ion exchange over the limit of truth Examines the role of fertilizers, sulfur, pyrite, acid rain, and nitrogen fixation in soil acidity, underscoring the controversial effect of nitrification on increasing soil acidity over time Addresses the old and new approaches to humic acids by comparing the traditional operational concept against the currently proposed supramolecular and pseudomicellar concept Proposes soil organics, such as nucleic acids of DNA and others, to also adsorb cation ions held as diffusive ion clouds around the polymers Tan explains, in easy and simple language, the chemical make-up of the four soil constituents, their chemical reactions and interactions in soils as governed by basic chemical laws, and their importance in agriculture, industry, and the environment. He differentiates soil chemistry from geochemistry and physical chemistry. Containing more than 200 equations, 123 figures, and 38 tables, this popular text and resource supplies a comprehensive treatment of soil chemistry that builds a foundation for work in environmental pollution, organic and inorganic soil contamination, and potential ecological health and environmental health risks.

Physiological Ecology of Forest Production

Physiological Ecology of Forest Production
Author: J. J. Landsberg,Peter Sands
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 352
Release: 2010-11-26
ISBN 10: 9780080922546
ISBN 13: 0080922546
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Physiological Ecology of Forest Production Book Review:

Process-based models open the way to useful predictions of the future growth rate of forests and provide a means of assessing the probable effects of variations in climate and management on forest productivity. As such they have the potential to overcome the limitations of conventional forest growth and yield models, which are based on mensuration data and assume that climate and atmospheric CO2 concentrations will be the same in the future as they are now. This book discusses the basic physiological processes that determine the growth of plants, the way they are affected by environmental factors and how we can improve processes that are well-understood such as growth from leaf to stand level and productivity. A theme that runs through the book is integration to show a clear relationship between photosynthesis, respiration, plant nutrient requirements, transpiration, water relations and other factors affecting plant growth that are often looked at separately. This integrated approach will provide the most comprehensive source for process-based modelling, which is valuable to ecologists, plant physiologists, forest planners and environmental scientists. Includes explanations of inherently mathematical models, aided by the use of graphs and diagrams illustrating causal interactions and by examples implemented as Excel spreadsheets Uses a process-based model as a framework for explaining the mechanisms underlying plant growth Integrated approach provides a clear and relatively simple treatment