Predicting Future Oceans

Predicting Future Oceans
Author: William Cheung,Yoshitaka Ota,Andres Cisneros-Montemayor
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 582
Release: 2019-08-17
ISBN 10: 0128179465
ISBN 13: 9780128179468
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Predicting Future Oceans Book Review:

Predicting Future Oceans: Sustainability of Ocean and Human Systems Amidst Global Environmental Change provides a synthesis of our knowledge of the future state of the oceans. The editors undertake the challenge of integrating diverse perspectives—from oceanography to anthropology—to exhibit the changes in ecological conditions and their socioeconomic implications. Each contributing author provides a novel perspective, with the book as a whole collating scholarly understandings of future oceans and coastal communities across the world. The diverse perspectives, syntheses and state-of-the-art natural and social sciences contributions are led by past and current research fellows and principal investigators of the Nereus Program network. This includes members at 17 leading research institutes, addressing themes such as oceanography, biodiversity, fisheries, mariculture production, economics, pollution, public health and marine policy. This book is a comprehensive resource for senior undergraduate and postgraduate readers studying social and natural science, as well as practitioners working in the field of natural resources management and marine conservation. Provides a synthesis of our knowledge on the future state of the oceans Includes recommendations on how to move forwards Highlights key social aspects linked to ocean ecosystems, including health, equity and sovereignty

Future Oceans Under Multiple Stressors From Global Change to Anthropogenic Impact

Future Oceans Under Multiple Stressors  From Global Change to Anthropogenic Impact
Author: Erik Olsen,Isaac C. Kaplan,Cecilie Hansen Eide,Elizabeth A. Fulton,Michael J. Fogarty,Jamie C. Tam,Saskia Anna Otto
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2020-12-30
ISBN 10: 2889663086
ISBN 13: 9782889663088
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Future Oceans Under Multiple Stressors From Global Change to Anthropogenic Impact Book Review:

The Ocean Economy in 2030

The Ocean Economy in 2030
Author: OECD
Publsiher: OECD Publishing
Total Pages: 252
Release: 2016-04-27
ISBN 10: 9264251723
ISBN 13: 9789264251724
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Ocean Economy in 2030 Book Review:

This report explores the growth prospects for the ocean economy, its capacity for future employment creation and innovation, and its role in addressing global challenges. Special attention is devoted to the emerging ocean-based industries.

Ocean Biogeochemistry

Ocean Biogeochemistry
Author: Michael J.R. Fasham
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 301
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 3642558445
ISBN 13: 9783642558443
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ocean Biogeochemistry Book Review:

Oceans account for 50% of the anthropogenic CO2 released into the atmosphere. During the past 15 years an international programme, the Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS), has been studying the ocean carbon cycle to quantify and model the biological and physical processes whereby CO2 is pumped from the ocean's surface to the depths of the ocean, where it can remain for hundreds of years. This project is one of the largest multi-disciplinary studies of the oceans ever carried out and this book synthesises the results. It covers all aspects of the topic ranging from air-sea exchange with CO2, the role of physical mixing, the uptake of CO2 by marine algae, the fluxes of carbon and nitrogen through the marine food chain to the subsequent export of carbon to the depths of the ocean. Special emphasis is laid on predicting future climatic change.

Ocean Circulation and Climate

Ocean Circulation and Climate
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 715
Release: 2001-03-27
ISBN 10: 9780080491974
ISBN 13: 0080491979
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ocean Circulation and Climate Book Review:

The book represents all the knowledge we currently have on ocean circulation. It presents an up-to-date summary of the state of the science relating to the role of the oceans in the physical climate system. The book is structured to guide the reader through the wide range of World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) science in a consistent way. Cross-references between contributors have been added, and the book has a comprehensive index and unified reference list. The book is simple to read, at the undergraduate level. It was written by the best scientists in the world who have collaborated to carry out years of experiments to better understand ocean circulation.

Ocean Acidification

Ocean Acidification
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on the Development of an Integrated Science Strategy for Ocean Acidification Monitoring
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2010-10-14
ISBN 10: 030915359X
ISBN 13: 9780309153591
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ocean Acidification Book Review:

The ocean has absorbed a significant portion of all human-made carbon dioxide emissions. This benefits human society by moderating the rate of climate change, but also causes unprecedented changes to ocean chemistry. Carbon dioxide taken up by the ocean decreases the pH of the water and leads to a suite of chemical changes collectively known as ocean acidification. The long term consequences of ocean acidification are not known, but are expected to result in changes to many ecosystems and the services they provide to society. Ocean Acidification: A National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean reviews the current state of knowledge, explores gaps in understanding, and identifies several key findings. Like climate change, ocean acidification is a growing global problem that will intensify with continued CO2 emissions and has the potential to change marine ecosystems and affect benefits to society. The federal government has taken positive initial steps by developing a national ocean acidification program, but more information is needed to fully understand and address the threat that ocean acidification may pose to marine ecosystems and the services they provide. In addition, a global observation network of chemical and biological sensors is needed to monitor changes in ocean conditions attributable to acidification.

The Future of Coral Reefs Subject to Rapid Climate Change Lessons from Natural Extreme Environments

The Future of Coral Reefs Subject to Rapid Climate Change  Lessons from Natural Extreme Environments
Author: Emma F. Camp,Verena Schoepf,Peter J. Mumby,David J. Suggett
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2019-01-22
ISBN 10: 2889457176
ISBN 13: 9782889457175
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Future of Coral Reefs Subject to Rapid Climate Change Lessons from Natural Extreme Environments Book Review:

Examination of corals and reef-associated organisms which endure in extreme coral reef environments is challenging our understanding of the conditions that organisms can survive under. By studying individuals naturally adapted to unfavorable conditions, we begin to better understand the important traits required to survive rapid environmental and climate change. This Research Topic, comprising reviews, and original research articles, demonstrates the current state of knowledge regarding the diversity of extreme coral habitats, the species that have been studied, and the knowledge to-date on the mechanisms, traits and trade-offs that have facilitated survival.

Oceans and Health

Oceans and Health
Author: Shimshon Belkin,Rita R. Colwell
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2006-10-12
ISBN 10: 9780387237091
ISBN 13: 0387237097
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Oceans and Health Book Review:

It is surprising how little is actually known about the fate of wastewater bacteria once they enter the sea. This wide-ranging work is one of the first to unravel the mechanisms determining bacterial sensitivity or survival under these conditions.

Coastal Ocean Observing Systems

Coastal Ocean Observing Systems
Author: Yonggang Liu,Heather Kerkering,Robert H. Weisberg
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 490
Release: 2015-06-01
ISBN 10: 012802061X
ISBN 13: 9780128020616
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Coastal Ocean Observing Systems Book Review:

Coastal Ocean Observing Systems provides state-of-the-art scientific and technological knowledge in coastal ocean observing systems, along with guidance on establishing, restructuring, and improving similar systems. The book is intended to help oceanographers understand, identify, and recognize how oceanographic research feeds into the various designs of ocean observing systems. In addition, readers will learn how ocean observing systems are defined and how each system operates in relation to its geographical, environmental, and political region. The book provides further insights into all of these problem areas, offering lessons learned and results from the types of research sponsored and utilized by ocean observing systems and the types of research design and experiments conducted by professionals specializing in ocean research and affiliated with observing systems. Includes international contributions from individuals working in academia, management, and industry Showcases the application of science and technology in coastal observing systems Highlights lessons learned on partnerships, governance structure, data management, and stakeholder relationships required for successful implementation Provides insight into how ocean research transfers to application and societal benefit

Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth s Climate

Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth s Climate
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 150
Release: 2018-01-20
ISBN 10: 0309466806
ISBN 13: 9780309466806
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth s Climate Book Review:

The ocean is an integral component of the Earth's climate system. It covers about 70% of the Earth's surface and acts as its primary reservoir of heat and carbon, absorbing over 90% of the surplus heat and about 30% of the carbon dioxide associated with human activities, and receiving close to 100% of fresh water lost from land ice. With the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, notably carbon dioxide from fossil fuel combustion, the Earth's climate is now changing more rapidly than at any time since the advent of human societies. Society will increasingly face complex decisions about how to mitigate the adverse impacts of climate change such as droughts, sea-level rise, ocean acidification, species loss, changes to growing seasons, and stronger and possibly more frequent storms. Observations play a foundational role in documenting the state and variability of components of the climate system and facilitating climate prediction and scenario development. Regular and consistent collection of ocean observations over decades to centuries would monitor the Earth's main reservoirs of heat, carbon dioxide, and water and provides a critical record of long-term change and variability over multiple time scales. Sustained high-quality observations are also needed to test and improve climate models, which provide insights into the future climate system. Sustaining Ocean Observations to Understand Future Changes in Earth's Climate considers processes for identifying priority ocean observations that will improve understanding of the Earth's climate processes, and the challenges associated with sustaining these observations over long timeframes.

The Ocean s Role in Global Change

The Ocean s Role in Global Change
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Commission on Geosciences, Environment and Resources,Ocean Studies Board
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 96
Release: 1994-02-01
ISBN 10: 030905043X
ISBN 13: 9780309050432
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Ocean s Role in Global Change Book Review:

What role does the ocean play in global climate change? Although not fully understood, there is general agreement that it is significant. Therefore, the scientific community has initiated large-scale research programs based on studies of the ocean and its relation to global climate and climate-related processes. This volume provides brief summaries and reports on the progress of the major oceanographic research programs. It looks at both programs that study processes that occur over periods ranging from days to hundreds of years--the contemporary system--and those that seek to understand long-term variations ranging from thousands to millions of years--the geological perspective.

The Ocean and Climate Change

The Ocean and Climate Change
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: IUCN
Total Pages: 71
Release: 2009
ISBN 10: 2831712017
ISBN 13: 9782831712017
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Ocean and Climate Change Book Review:

Seasonal to Decadal Prediction of Marine Ecosystems Opportunities Approaches and Applications

Seasonal to Decadal Prediction of Marine Ecosystems  Opportunities  Approaches  and Applications
Author: Mark R. Payne,Alistair J. Hobday,Brian R. MacKenzie,Desiree Tommasi
Publsiher: Frontiers Media SA
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2019-06-28
ISBN 10: 2889458814
ISBN 13: 9782889458813
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Seasonal to Decadal Prediction of Marine Ecosystems Opportunities Approaches and Applications Book Review:

Tremendous advances in oceanographic observing and modeling systems over the last decade have led to unprecedented developments in the nature of information available to marine science. While improvements in observational technologies and networks have garnered much attention, remarkable developments in forecasting the ocean have received much less focus. Exploiting this new predictive skill to improve scientific understanding, generate advice and aid in the management of marine resources, is emerging as one of the new challenges of marine science. Translating predictions of the physical environment into biological outcomes, however, is not straightforward. Fisheries scientists, for example, have been trying to understand the links between physics and biology, and generate predictions of variables such as recruitment, for close to a century, with limited success. Nevertheless, spatial distributions and the timing of key events, which have received less focus, are often tightly linked to the physical environment and may have management-relevant applications. The first-such forecasts based on this skill are now starting to emerge. This Frontiers in Marine Science Research Topic provides a snapshot of the state-of-the-art in Marine Ecological Prediction. It covers the opportunities for developing such forecasts, technical approaches that could be employed, and examples where the technology is already being applied. This body of work therefore marks an important milestone on the route to developing this new and exciting field of marine science.

Radiative Forcing of Climate Change

Radiative Forcing of Climate Change
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Climate Research Committee,Committee on Radiative Forcing Effects on Climate
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 222
Release: 2005-03-25
ISBN 10: 9780309133500
ISBN 13: 0309133505
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Radiative Forcing of Climate Change Book Review:

Changes in climate are driven by natural and human-induced perturbations of the Earth’s energy balance. These climate drivers or "forcings" include variations in greenhouse gases, aerosols, land use, and the amount of energy Earth receives from the Sun. Although climate throughout Earth’s history has varied from "snowball" conditions with global ice cover to "hothouse" conditions when glaciers all but disappeared, the climate over the past 10,000 years has been remarkably stable and favorable to human civilization. Increasing evidence points to a large human impact on global climate over the past century. The report reviews current knowledge of climate forcings and recommends critical research needed to improve understanding. Whereas emphasis to date has been on how these climate forcings affect global mean temperature, the report finds that regional variation and climate impacts other than temperature deserve increased attention.

The Weather Makers

The Weather Makers
Author: Tim Flannery
Publsiher: Open Road + Grove/Atlantic
Total Pages: 400
Release: 2007-12-01
ISBN 10: 1555846335
ISBN 13: 9781555846336
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Weather Makers Book Review:

The #1 international bestseller on climate change that’s been endorsed by policy makers, scientists, writers and energy executives around the world. Tim Flannery’s The Weather Makers contributed in bringing the topic of global warming to worldwide prominence. For the first time, a scientist provided an accessible and comprehensive account of the history, current status, and future impact of climate change, writing what has been acclaimed by reviewers everywhere as the definitive book on global warming. With one out of every five living things on this planet committed to extinction by the levels of greenhouse gases that will accumulate in the next few decades, we are reaching a global climatic tipping point. The Weather Makers is both an urgent warning and a call to arms, outlining the history of climate change, how it will unfold over the next century, and what we can do to prevent a cataclysmic future. Originally somewhat of a global warming skeptic, Tim Flannery spent several years researching the topic and offers a connect-the-dots approach for a reading public who has received patchy or misleading information on the subject. Pulling on his expertise as a scientist to discuss climate change from a historical perspective, Flannery also explains how climate change is interconnected across the planet. This edition includes a new afterword by the author. “An authoritative, scientifically accurate book on global warming that sparkles with life, clarity, and intelligence.” —The Washington Post

Ocean Noise and Marine Mammals

Ocean Noise and Marine Mammals
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Committee on Potential Impacts of Ambient Noise in the Ocean on Marine Mammals
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2003-06-22
ISBN 10: 0309085365
ISBN 13: 9780309085366
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ocean Noise and Marine Mammals Book Review:

For the 119 species of marine mammals, as well as for some other aquatic animals, sound is the primary means of learning about the environment and of communicating, navigating, and foraging. The possibility that human-generated noise could harm marine mammals or significantly interfere with their normal activities is an issue of increasing concern. Noise and its potential impacts have been regulated since the passage of the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972. Public awareness of the issue escalated in 1990s when researchers began using high-intensity sound to measure ocean climate changes. More recently, the stranding of beaked whales in proximity to Navy sonar use has again put the issue in the spotlight. Ocean Noise and Marine Mammals reviews sources of noise in the ocean environment, what is known of the responses of marine mammals to acoustic disturbance, and what models exist for describing ocean noise and marine mammal responses. Recommendations are made for future data gathering efforts, studies of marine mammal behavior and physiology, and modeling efforts necessary to determine what the long- and short-term impacts of ocean noise on marine mammals.

Sea Level Rise for the Coasts of California Oregon and Washington

Sea Level Rise for the Coasts of California  Oregon  and Washington
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Ocean Studies Board,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on Sea Level Rise in California, Oregon, and Washington
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 0309255945
ISBN 13: 9780309255943
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sea Level Rise for the Coasts of California Oregon and Washington Book Review:

Tide gauges show that global sea level has risen about 7 inches during the 20th century, and recent satellite data show that the rate of sea-level rise is accelerating. As Earth warms, sea levels are rising mainly because ocean water expands as it warms; and water from melting glaciers and ice sheets is flowing into the ocean. Sea-level rise poses enormous risks to the valuable infrastructure, development, and wetlands that line much of the 1,600 mile shoreline of California, Oregon, and Washington. As those states seek to incorporate projections of sea-level rise into coastal planning, they asked the National Research Council to make independent projections of sea-level rise along their coasts for the years 2030, 2050, and 2100, taking into account regional factors that affect sea level. Sea-Level Rise for the Coasts of California, Oregon, and Washington: Past, Present, and Future explains that sea level along the U.S. west coast is affected by a number of factors. These include: climate patterns such as the El Niño, effects from the melting of modern and ancient ice sheets, and geologic processes, such as plate tectonics. Regional projections for California, Oregon, and Washington show a sharp distinction at Cape Mendocino in northern California. South of that point, sea-level rise is expected to be very close to global projections. However, projections are lower north of Cape Mendocino because the land is being pushed upward as the ocean plate moves under the continental plate along the Cascadia Subduction Zone. However, an earthquake magnitude 8 or larger, which occurs in the region every few hundred to 1,000 years, would cause the land to drop and sea level to suddenly rise.

Climate Change Science

Climate Change Science
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Committee on the Science of Climate Change
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 42
Release: 2001-06-28
ISBN 10: 9780309183352
ISBN 13: 0309183359
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Climate Change Science Book Review:

The warming of the Earth has been the subject of intense debate and concern for many scientists, policy-makers, and citizens for at least the past decade. Climate Change Science: An Analysis of Some Key Questions, a new report by a committee of the National Research Council, characterizes the global warming trend over the last 100 years, and examines what may be in store for the 21st century and the extent to which warming may be attributable to human activity.

Predictions

Predictions
Author: Sian Griffiths
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 328
Release: 1999
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015050116048
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Predictions Book Review:

Here are a series of tantalizing predictions about the coming century, delivered by thirty of today's greatest minds--including Stephen Jay Gould, Daniel Dennett, Sherry Turkle, Steven Weinberg, Noam Chomsky, Umberto Eco, and John Kenneth Galbraith. This glittering list of contributors includes Nobel laureates, bestselling writers, intellectual icons, and scientists at the cutting edge of research. Readers can sample everything from Nigerian novelist Chinua Achebe's hopes for the future of Africa in the next century, to feminist Andrea Dworkin's dream of a new Jerusalem for women. Science fiction writer Arthur C. Clarke serves up a series of startling visions, including the possibility that, by the year 2050, large sea creatures will be found beneath the ice-covered oceans of Jupiter's moon Europa. Steven Pinker suggests that the completion of the Humane Genome Project will lead to a sudden jump in our knowledge about the genetic basis of our emotions and our learning abilities. And Richard Dawkins believes that the ancient mind-body problem will be solved--not by philosophers but by scientists. Each prediction is preceded by an intriguing profile of the author--blending a lively interview with biographical data--which conveys a vivid sense of the individual while setting their work in context and explaining their theories or inventions. These fascinating interviews, previously published in The Times Higher Education Supplement, give us instant capsule portraits of some of our most brilliant living thinkers. Predictions is an exciting roadmap to the future as well as a vivid snapshot of the state of human knowledge at the end of the millennium.

Our Threatened Oceans

Our Threatened Oceans
Author: Stefan Rahmstorf,Katherine Richardson
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2009
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105124177424
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Our Threatened Oceans Book Review:

"Stefan Rahmstorf, Professor of Ocean Physics at the University of Potsdam and Katherine Richardson, Professor of Ocean Biology at the University of Copenhagen, describe the fascinating world of the oceans and the riches of sea life, demonstrating how we can effectively protect the oceans' ecosystems."--Back cover.