Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops

Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops
Author: Pardeep Singh,Anwesha Borthakur,Aditya Abha Singh,Ajay Kumar,Kshitij K. Singh
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 578
Release: 2020-11-20
ISBN 10: 0128209453
ISBN 13: 9780128209455
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops Book Review:

Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops: A Global Perspective contains both theoretical and empirical evidence of a broad range of aspects of GM crop policies throughout the world. Emphasizing world agriculture production and ethics of GM crops, the book balances insights into the various discussions around the use of GM crops, including soil health, effects on animals, environmental sustainability impact and ethical issues. This book will be useful for researchers in agricultural policy and economics, agricultural biotechnology, soil science, genetic engineering, ethics, environmental management, sustainable development and NGOs. Discusses ethics, varieties, research trends, and success stories of genetic modification Includes both crop production and human health impacts Compares and contrasts GM policies from around the world

Genetically modified crops in Africa

Genetically modified crops in Africa
Author: Falck-Zepeda, José Benjamin,Gruère, Guillaume P.,Sithole-Niang, Idah
Publsiher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2013-10-02
ISBN 10: 0896297950
ISBN 13: 9780896297951
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically modified crops in Africa Book Review:

A variable climate, political instability, and other constraints have limited agricultural development in African countries south of the Sahara. Genetically modified (GM) crops are one tool for enhancing agricultural productivity and food security despite such constraints. Genetically Modified Crops in Africa: Economic and Policy Lessons from Countries South of the Sahara investigates how this tool might be effectively used by evaluating the benefits, costs, and risks for African countries of adopting GM crops. The authors gather together studies on GM crops’ economic effects and impact on trade, how consumers view such crops, and other issues. They find that GM crops have had, on average, a positive economic effect in the nations where they were used and identify future steps for enhancing GM crop adoption’s positive effects. Promising policy initiatives include making biosafety regulations that do not make GM crop development prohibitively expensive, fostering intraregional trade in GM crops, and providing more and better information about GM crops to consumers who might currently be skeptical of them. These and other findings in Genetically Modified Crops in Africa indicate ways biotechnology can contribute to economic development in Africa south of the Sahara.

Genetically Engineered Crops

Genetically Engineered Crops
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on Genetically Engineered Crops: Past Experience and Future Prospects
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 606
Release: 2017-01-28
ISBN 10: 0309437385
ISBN 13: 9780309437387
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Engineered Crops Book Review:

Genetically engineered (GE) crops were first introduced commercially in the 1990s. After two decades of production, some groups and individuals remain critical of the technology based on their concerns about possible adverse effects on human health, the environment, and ethical considerations. At the same time, others are concerned that the technology is not reaching its potential to improve human health and the environment because of stringent regulations and reduced public funding to develop products offering more benefits to society. While the debate about these and other questions related to the genetic engineering techniques of the first 20 years goes on, emerging genetic-engineering technologies are adding new complexities to the conversation. Genetically Engineered Crops builds on previous related Academies reports published between 1987 and 2010 by undertaking a retrospective examination of the purported positive and adverse effects of GE crops and to anticipate what emerging genetic-engineering technologies hold for the future. This report indicates where there are uncertainties about the economic, agronomic, health, safety, or other impacts of GE crops and food, and makes recommendations to fill gaps in safety assessments, increase regulatory clarity, and improve innovations in and access to GE technology.

Olive Germplasm

Olive Germplasm
Author: Innocenzo Muzzalupo
Publsiher: BoD – Books on Demand
Total Pages: 434
Release: 2012-12-07
ISBN 10: 9535108840
ISBN 13: 9789535108849
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Olive Germplasm Book Review:

The olive (Olea europaea) is increasingly recognized as a crop of great economic and health importance world-wide. Olive growing in Italy is very important, but there is still a high degree of confusion regarding the genetic identity of cultivars. This book is a source of recently accumulated information on olive trees and on olive oil industry. The objective of this book is to provide knowledge which is appropriate for students, scientists, both experienced and inexperienced horticulturists and, in general, for anyone wishing to acquire knowledge and experience of olive cultivation to increase productivity and improve product quality. The book is divided into two parts: I) the olive cultivation, table olive and olive oil industry in Italy and II) Italian catalogue of olive varieties. All chapters have been written by renowned professionals working on olive cultivation, table olives and olive oil production and related disciplines. Part I covers all aspects of olive fruit production, from site selection, recommended varieties, pest and disease control, to primary and secondary processing. Part II contains the chapter on the description of Italian olive varieties. It is well illustrated and includes 200 elaiographic cards with colour photos, graphs and tables.

Ecological Monitoring of Genetically Modified Crops

Ecological Monitoring of Genetically Modified Crops
Author: National Research Council,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Board on Biology,Joan Esnayra,Robert Pool
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 60
Release: 2000-03-21
ISBN 10: 0309073359
ISBN 13: 9780309073356
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Ecological Monitoring of Genetically Modified Crops Book Review:

Proponents of agricultural biotechnology believe that genetically modified (GM) crops have the potential to provide great ecological benefits, such as reduced pesticide and land use, as well as agricultural benefits. However, given the rapid emergence of commercial GM crops and the likely increase in their use, many groups have raised concerns about the potential unintended, adverse ecological effects of these crops. Some ecological concerns are enhanced development of pest resistance, crosspollination with wild relatives, and reductions in beneficial insects or birds. Ecological Monitoring of Genetically Modified Crops considers the latest in monitoring methods and technologies and to asks--What are the challenges associated with monitoring for ecological effects of GM crops? Is ongoing ecological monitoring of GM crops a useful and informative activity? If so, how should scientifically rigorous monitoring be carried out in the variety of ecological settings in which GM crops are grown?

Genetically modified crops in Africa

Genetically modified crops in Africa
Author: Falck-Zepeda, José Benjamin,Gruère, Guillaume P.,Sithole-Niang, Idah
Publsiher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2013-10-02
ISBN 10: 0896297950
ISBN 13: 9780896297951
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically modified crops in Africa Book Review:

A variable climate, political instability, and other constraints have limited agricultural development in African countries south of the Sahara. Genetically modified (GM) crops are one tool for enhancing agricultural productivity and food security despite such constraints. Genetically Modified Crops in Africa: Economic and Policy Lessons from Countries South of the Sahara investigates how this tool might be effectively used by evaluating the benefits, costs, and risks for African countries of adopting GM crops. The authors gather together studies on GM crops’ economic effects and impact on trade, how consumers view such crops, and other issues. They find that GM crops have had, on average, a positive economic effect in the nations where they were used and identify future steps for enhancing GM crop adoption’s positive effects. Promising policy initiatives include making biosafety regulations that do not make GM crop development prohibitively expensive, fostering intraregional trade in GM crops, and providing more and better information about GM crops to consumers who might currently be skeptical of them. These and other findings in Genetically Modified Crops in Africa indicate ways biotechnology can contribute to economic development in Africa south of the Sahara.

Environmental Impact of Genetically Modified Crops

Environmental Impact of Genetically Modified Crops
Author: Natalie Ferry,Angharad M. R. Gatehouse
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2009-01-01
ISBN 10: 184593430X
ISBN 13: 9781845934309
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Impact of Genetically Modified Crops Book Review:

The genetic modification of crops continues to be the subject of intense debate, and opinions are often strongly polarised. Environmental Impact of Genetically Modified Crops addresses the major concerns of scientists, policy makers, environmental lobby groups and the general public regarding this controversial issue, from an editorially neutral standpoint. While the main focus is on environmental impact, food safety issues, for both humans and animals are also considered. The book concludes with a discussion on the future of agricultural biotechnology in the context of sustainability, natural resource management and future global population and food supply.

Genetically Modified Crops

Genetically Modified Crops
Author: P. B. Kavi Kishor
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 329
Release:
ISBN 10: 9811558973
ISBN 13: 9789811558979
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Crops Book Review:

Socio Economic Impact Assessment of Genetically Modified Crops

Socio Economic Impact Assessment of Genetically Modified Crops
Author: Sachin Chaturvedi,Krishna Ravi Srinivas
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 293
Release: 2019-12-27
ISBN 10: 9813295112
ISBN 13: 9789813295117
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Socio Economic Impact Assessment of Genetically Modified Crops Book Review:

This book provides a comprehensive overview of socio-economic impact assessments for genetically modified organisms, including genetically modified crops. It features case studies involving Bt cotton and other selected crops with improved traits from six major institutions in India and combines field data with surveys on stakeholder perceptions. It also discusses global trends in the socio-economic assessment of GMOs and reviews the available literature on the economic assessment of GM crops and how various countries have implemented Article 26.1 of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety. Further, it explores cost–benefit analyses and sociological aspects of socio-economic assessments.Based on this, the book proposes a framework and offers guidelines for socio-economic assessment that can be adapted for various GM crops. Lastly, it examines the relevance of socio-economic impact assessment in light of new applications such as GM mosquitoes and gene drives. Given its scope, the book is of interest to all academics, policymakers, regulators, and general readers concerned about the broader impacts of GM crops and applications like gene drives.

Genetically Modified Crops

Genetically Modified Crops
Author: P. B. Kavi Kishor
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 329
Release:
ISBN 10: 9811559325
ISBN 13: 9789811559327
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Crops Book Review:

Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture

Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture
Author: Gerald C. Nelson
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2001-03-22
ISBN 10: 9780080488868
ISBN 13: 0080488862
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture Book Review:

Genetically modified crops have become a topic of great interest among scientists, regulators, consumers, farmers, and politicians. Despite their potential benefits, public hostility toward these crops is causing dramatic changes to import/export policies, food safety regulations, and agricultural practices around the world. Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture provides a comprehensive overview of the subject and a balanced look at the costs and benefits of GMO products. Part I reviews the scientific, economic, and political issues relating to the use of agricultural GMOs. Chapters cover specific applications, regulatory concerns, import/export patterns, international trade issues, and a discussion of future trends. Part II offers a unique look at all sides of the GMO controversies, with short chapters contributed by leading individuals with widely different perspectives. Part III presents a more in-depth look at selected issues plus helpful reference materials. This book makes the latest information on GMOs accessible to all interested parties, including students, laypeople, scientists, activists, and professionals working in related fields. * Additional detailed footnotes and references for the academic * International contributions from the US, Europe and India * Covers the perspectives of different groups involved in the controversies: governments, environmental agencies, consumers, industrial agencies and the developing world

Genetically Modified Organisms Consumers Food Safety and the Environment

Genetically Modified Organisms  Consumers  Food Safety and the Environment
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 27
Release: 2001
ISBN 10: 9789251045602
ISBN 13: 9251045607
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Organisms Consumers Food Safety and the Environment Book Review:

This, the second in the FAO ethics series, looks at the contentious issue of genetically modified organisms. The FAO continues to stress the need for accurate risk management and risk communication but also recognises the potential for solving major nutrition problems. Modern biotechnologies are a possible but optional means of selective breeding but their claims can only be credible it the necessary economic, environmental and ethical safeguards are in place.

Genetically Modified Organisms in Developing Countries

Genetically Modified Organisms in Developing Countries
Author: Ademola A. Adenle,E. Jane Morris,Denis J. Murphy
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 308
Release: 2017-06-30
ISBN 10: 1107151910
ISBN 13: 9781107151918
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Organisms in Developing Countries Book Review:

Bringing together the ideas of experts from around the world, this incisive text offers cutting-edge perspectives on the risk analysis and governance of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), supporting effective and informed decision-making in developing countries. Comprised of four comprehensive sections, this book covers: integrated risk analysis and decision making, giving an overview of the science involved and examining risk analysis methods that impact decision-making on the release of GMOs, particularly in developing countries; diversification of expertise involved in risk analysis and practical ways in which the lack of expertise in developing countries can be overcome; risk analysis based regulatory systems and how they can be undermined by power relationships and socio-political interests, as well as strategies for improving GMO policy development and regulatory decision-making; and case studies from developing countries providing lessons based on real-world experience that can inform our current thinking.

Africa s Gene Revolution

Africa s Gene Revolution
Author: Matthew A. Schnurr
Publsiher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2019-11-07
ISBN 10: 0228000440
ISBN 13: 9780228000440
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Africa s Gene Revolution Book Review:

As development donors invest hundreds of millions of dollars into improved crops designed to alleviate poverty and hunger, Africa has emerged as the final frontier in the global debate over agricultural biotechnology. The first data-driven assessment of the ecological, social, and political factors that shape our understanding of genetic modification, Africa's Gene Revolution surveys twenty years of efforts to use genomics-based breeding to enhance yields and livelihoods for African farmers. Matthew Schnurr considers the full range of biotechnologies currently in commercial use and those in development – including hybrids, marker-assisted breeding, tissue culture, and genetic engineering. Drawing on interviews with biotechnology experts alongside research conducted with more than two hundred farmers across eastern, western, and southern Africa, Schnurr reveals a profound incongruity between the optimistic rhetoric that accompanies genetic modification technology and the realities of the smallholder farmers who are its intended beneficiaries. Through the lens of political ecology, this book demonstrates that the current emphasis on improved seeds discounts the geographic, social, ecological, and economic contexts in which the producers of these crops operate. Bringing the voices of farmers to the foreground of this polarizing debate, Africa's Gene Revolution contends that meaningful change will come from a reconfiguration not only of the plant's genome, but of the entire agricultural system.

Medical Issues Related to Genetically Modified Plants of Relevance to Switzerland

Medical Issues Related to Genetically Modified Plants of Relevance to Switzerland
Author: Karin Hoffmann-Sommergruber,Karoline Dorsch-Häsler
Publsiher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG
Total Pages: 54
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 3728134961
ISBN 13: 9783728134967
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medical Issues Related to Genetically Modified Plants of Relevance to Switzerland Book Review:

Transgenic Potatoes for the Benefit of Resource poor Farmers in Developing Countries

Transgenic Potatoes for the Benefit of Resource poor Farmers in Developing Countries
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: International Potato Center
Total Pages: 329
Release:
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13:
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transgenic Potatoes for the Benefit of Resource poor Farmers in Developing Countries Book Review:

The Future of Genetically Modified Crops

The Future of Genetically Modified Crops
Author: Felicia Wu,William Butz
Publsiher: Rand Corporation
Total Pages: 114
Release: 2004-08-13
ISBN 10: 0833040510
ISBN 13: 9780833040510
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Future of Genetically Modified Crops Book Review:

The world is now on the cusp of a new agricultural revolution, the so-called Gene Revolution, in which genetically modified (GM) crops are tailored to address chronic agricultural problems in certain regions of the world. This monograph report investigates the circumstances and processes that can induce and sustain this new agricultural revolution. The authors compare the Green Revolution of the 20th century with the GM crop movement to assess the agricultural, technological, sociological, and political differences between the two movements.

Genetically Modified Organisms and Genetic Engineering in Research and Therapy

Genetically Modified Organisms and Genetic Engineering in Research and Therapy
Author: Pascale Piguet,P. Poindron,Philippe Poindron
Publsiher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Total Pages: 123
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 3805590652
ISBN 13: 9783805590655
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Organisms and Genetic Engineering in Research and Therapy Book Review:

Genetically modified organisms (GMO) raise societal, political and ethical concerns. They inspire strong resistance or, conversely, enthusiastic assent. The aim of this publication is to give an overview of genetic engineering, starting with the history of the discovery of restriction enzymes continuing with technical aspects of transgenesis to its applications in research and ethical considerations. Be it the use of single engineered cells or GMO, these applications cover a broad array, ranging from disease-oriented research (but not only), to the promising perspectives of gene therapy. Historical and technical aspects give insights into the problems inherent to the creation of GMO, and illustrate the links and limits between genetic engineering, GMOs and gene therapy. A summary article in English and French structures the links between the different chapters and concepts. Scientists interested in genetic engineering of single cells or animal models, as well as in gene therapy, will find an up-to-date review on the use and perspectives of transgenesis. However, this publication is also recommended to the public interested in the definition of GMO, which encompasses a much broader array than the genetically modified crops covered by media.

GMOs Decoded

GMOs Decoded
Author: Sheldon Krimsky
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2019-03-12
ISBN 10: 0262039192
ISBN 13: 9780262039192
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

GMOs Decoded Book Review:

The debate over genetically modified organisms: health and safety concerns, environmental impact, and scientific opinions. Since they were introduced to the market in the late 1990s, GMOs (genetically modified organisms, including genetically modified crops), have been subject to a barrage of criticism. Agriculture has welcomed this new technology, but public opposition has been loud and scientific opinion mixed. In GMOs Decoded, Sheldon Krimsky examines the controversies over GMOs—health and safety concerns, environmental issues, the implications for world hunger, and the scientific consensus (or lack of one). He explores the viewpoints of a range of GMO skeptics, from public advocacy groups and nongovernmental organizations to scientists with differing views on risk and environmental impact. Krimsky explains the differences between traditional plant breeding and “molecular breeding” through genetic engineering (GE); describes early GMO products, including the infamous Flavr Savr tomato; and discusses herbicide-, disease-, and insect-resistant GE plants. He considers the different American and European approaches to risk assessment, dueling scientific interpretations of plant genetics, and the controversy over labeling GMO products. He analyzes a key 2016 report from the National Academies of Sciences on GMO health effects and considers the controversy over biofortified rice (Golden Rice)—which some saw as a humanitarian project and others as an exercise in public relations. Do GMO crops hold promise or peril? By offering an accessible review of the risks and benefits of GMO crops, and a guide to the controversies over them, Krimsky helps readers judge for themselves.

Genetically Modified Crops

Genetically Modified Crops
Author: P. B. Kavi Kishor,Manchikatla Venkat Rajam,T. Pullaiah
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 265
Release: 2020-11-04
ISBN 10: 9789811558962
ISBN 13: 9811558965
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Crops Book Review:

Genetic transformation is a key technology, in which genes are transferred from one organism to another in order to improve agronomic traits and ultimately help humans. However, there is apprehension in some quarters that genetically modified crops may disturb the ecosystem. A number of non-governmental organizations continue to protest against GM crops and foods, despite the fact that many organisms are genetically modified naturally in the course of evolution. In this context, there is a need to educate the public about the importance of GM crops in terms of food and nutritional security. This book provides an overview of various crop plants where genetic transformation has been successfully implemented to improve their agronomically useful traits. It includes information on the gene(s) transferred, the method of gene transfer and the beneficial effects of these gene transfers and agronomic improvements compared to the wild plants. Further, it discusses the commercial prospects of these GM crops as well as the associated challenges. Given its scope, this book is a valuable resource for agricultural and horticultural scientists/experts wanting to explain to the public, politicians and non-governmental organizations the details of GM crops and how they can improve crops and the lives of farmers.