Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops

Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops
Author: Pardeep Singh,Anwesha Borthakur,Aditya Abha Singh,Ajay Kumar,Kshitij K. Singh
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 578
Release: 2020-11-20
ISBN 10: 0128209453
ISBN 13: 9780128209455
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops Book Review:

Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops: A Global Perspective contains both theoretical and empirical evidence of a broad range of aspects of GM crop policies throughout the world. Emphasizing world agriculture production and ethics of GM crops, the book balances insights into the various discussions around the use of GM crops, including soil health, effects on animals, environmental sustainability impact and ethical issues. This book will be useful for researchers in agricultural policy and economics, agricultural biotechnology, soil science, genetic engineering, ethics, environmental management, sustainable development and NGOs. Discusses ethics, varieties, research trends, and success stories of genetic modification Includes both crop production and human health impacts Compares and contrasts GM policies from around the world

Genetically modified crops in Africa

Genetically modified crops in Africa
Author: Falck-Zepeda, José Benjamin,Gruère, Guillaume P.,Sithole-Niang, Idah
Publsiher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2013-10-02
ISBN 10: 0896297950
ISBN 13: 9780896297951
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically modified crops in Africa Book Review:

A variable climate, political instability, and other constraints have limited agricultural development in African countries south of the Sahara. Genetically modified (GM) crops are one tool for enhancing agricultural productivity and food security despite such constraints. Genetically Modified Crops in Africa: Economic and Policy Lessons from Countries South of the Sahara investigates how this tool might be effectively used by evaluating the benefits, costs, and risks for African countries of adopting GM crops. The authors gather together studies on GM crops’ economic effects and impact on trade, how consumers view such crops, and other issues. They find that GM crops have had, on average, a positive economic effect in the nations where they were used and identify future steps for enhancing GM crop adoption’s positive effects. Promising policy initiatives include making biosafety regulations that do not make GM crop development prohibitively expensive, fostering intraregional trade in GM crops, and providing more and better information about GM crops to consumers who might currently be skeptical of them. These and other findings in Genetically Modified Crops in Africa indicate ways biotechnology can contribute to economic development in Africa south of the Sahara.

GM Crop Policies and Challenges

GM Crop Policies and Challenges
Author: Pardeep Singh,Anwesha Borthakur,Rishikesh Singh,Ajay Kumar
Publsiher: Woodhead Publishing
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2022-01-17
ISBN 10: 9780323851459
ISBN 13: 0323851452
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

GM Crop Policies and Challenges Book Review:

Policy Issues in Genetically Modified Crops: Global Policies and Practices contains both theoretical and empirical evidence of a broad range of aspects of GM crop policies throughout the world. Emphasizing world agriculture production and ethics of GM crops, the book balances insights into the various discussions around the use of GM crops including soil health, effects on animals, environmental sustainability impact, and ethical issues. Modern agriculture is directly and explicitly characterized by the adoption of new technologies, their developmental processes and emerging scientific approaches. The recent trends of agriculture are not limited to capital-intensive agricultural production. GM is increasingly regarded as an option in transforming traditional agriculture practices to modern and more efficient means of feeding the world. This book will be useful for researchers in agricultural policy and economics, agricultural biotechnology, soil science, genetic engineering, ethics, environmental management, sustainable development and NGOs. Discusses ethics, varieties, research trends, and success stories of genetic modification Includes both crop production and human health impacts Compares and contrasts GM policies from around the world

Genetically Modified Crops

Genetically Modified Crops
Author: Nuffield Council on Bioethics
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 164
Release: 1999
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105062037382
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Crops Book Review:

This report examines the ethical and social issues associated with the development and cultivation of genetically modified (GM) crops, particularly in relation to: the scientific background and techniques used in genetic modification; the potential of GM crops; commercial and legal implications; implications for the developing world; consumer concerns; environmental concerns; regulation and policy issues.

The Politics of GM Crops in India

The Politics of GM Crops in India
Author: Asheesh Navneet
Publsiher: Taylor & Francis
Total Pages: 186
Release: 2020-12-21
ISBN 10: 1000327000
ISBN 13: 9781000327007
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Politics of GM Crops in India Book Review:

This book discusses the conflicting discourse around GM crops in India. It brings together concerns related to food production, farming, environment, health, ownership and policymaking on the use of genetically modified crops in India. The volume analyses apprehensions around GM technology from the perspective of the various stakeholders involved in the debate. Through field surveys and interviews with scientists, economists, environmentalists, civil society activists as well as cotton growing farmers from the states of Telangana and Maharashtra, it highlights the vulnerabilities and questions related to the short-term and long term impacts of using GM technology on farmers, food production, health, the agricultural economy and the environment. The book proposes ways for the use of GM technology which takes stock of economic and farming limitations and accordingly brings in reforms and policies to reconcile the conflicting arguments of stakeholders. This volume will be of great interest to researchers and students of development studies, political science, sociology, agricultural studies and sciences and biotechnology. It will also be useful for policymakers, think tanks and NGOs working with farmers or agriculture collectives on policy issues.

Genetically Engineered Crops

Genetically Engineered Crops
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on Genetically Engineered Crops: Past Experience and Future Prospects
Publsiher: National Academies Press
Total Pages: 606
Release: 2017-01-28
ISBN 10: 0309437385
ISBN 13: 9780309437387
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Engineered Crops Book Review:

Genetically engineered (GE) crops were first introduced commercially in the 1990s. After two decades of production, some groups and individuals remain critical of the technology based on their concerns about possible adverse effects on human health, the environment, and ethical considerations. At the same time, others are concerned that the technology is not reaching its potential to improve human health and the environment because of stringent regulations and reduced public funding to develop products offering more benefits to society. While the debate about these and other questions related to the genetic engineering techniques of the first 20 years goes on, emerging genetic-engineering technologies are adding new complexities to the conversation. Genetically Engineered Crops builds on previous related Academies reports published between 1987 and 2010 by undertaking a retrospective examination of the purported positive and adverse effects of GE crops and to anticipate what emerging genetic-engineering technologies hold for the future. This report indicates where there are uncertainties about the economic, agronomic, health, safety, or other impacts of GE crops and food, and makes recommendations to fill gaps in safety assessments, increase regulatory clarity, and improve innovations in and access to GE technology.

The Coexistence of Genetically Modified Organic and Conventional Foods

The Coexistence of Genetically Modified  Organic and Conventional Foods
Author: Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes,Peter W.B. Phillips,Justus Wesseler,Stuart J. Smyth
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 426
Release: 2016-10-18
ISBN 10: 1493937278
ISBN 13: 9781493937271
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Coexistence of Genetically Modified Organic and Conventional Foods Book Review:

Since their commercial introduction in 1996, genetically modified (GM) crops have been adopted by farmers around the world at impressive rates. In 2011, 180 million hectares of GM crops were cultivated by more than 15 million farmers in 29 countries. In the next decade, global adoption is expected to grow even faster as the research pipeline for new biotech traits and crops has increased almost fourfold in the last few years. The adoption of GM crops has led to increased productivity, while reducing pesticide use and the emissions of agricultural greenhouse gases, leading to broadly distributed economic benefits across the global food supply chain. Despite the rapid uptake of GM crops, the various social and economic benefits as well as the expanding rate innovation, the use of GM crops remains controversial in parts of the world. Despite the emergence of coexistence between GM, organic and conventional crops as a key policy and practical issue of global scale, there is no coherent literature that addresses it directly. Governments and market stakeholders in many countries are grappling with policy alternatives that settle conflicting property rights, minimize negative market externalities and associated liabilities, maximize the economic benefits of innovation and allow producer and consumer choice. This book intends to fill these needs with contributions from the top theoreticians, legal and economic analysts, policy makers and industry practitioners in the field. As the economics and policy of coexistence start to emerge as an separate subfield in agricultural, environmental and natural resource economics with an increasing number of scholars working on the topic, the book will also provide a comprehensive base in the literature for those entering the area, making it of interest to students, scholars and policy-makers alike.

Biotechnology Regulation and Trade

Biotechnology Regulation and Trade
Author: Stuart J. Smyth,William A. Kerr,Peter W. B Phillips
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 275
Release: 2017-03-02
ISBN 10: 3319532952
ISBN 13: 9783319532950
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biotechnology Regulation and Trade Book Review:

This book discusses the regulatory and trade challenges facing the global adoption of biotechnological products and offers strategies for overcoming these obstacles and moving towards greater global food security. The first section of the book establishes the context of the conflict, discussing the challenges of global governance, international trade, and the history of regulation of genetically modified (GM) crops. In this section, the authors emphasize the shift from exclusively science-based regulation to the more socio-economically focused framework established by the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety, which was adopted in 2000. The second section of the book provides a snapshot of the current state of international GM crop adoption and regulation, highlighting the US, Canada, and the EU. The final section of the book identifies options for breaking the gridlock of regulation and trade that presently exist. This book adds to the current literature by providing new information about innovative agricultural technologies and encouraging debate by providing an alternative to the narratives espoused by environmental non-governmental organizations. This book will appeal to students of economics, political science, and policy analysis, as well as members of regulatory agencies and agricultural industry firms.

Genetically Modified Crops and Agricultural Development

Genetically Modified Crops and Agricultural Development
Author: Matin Qaim
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 206
Release: 2016-04-29
ISBN 10: 1137405724
ISBN 13: 9781137405722
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Crops and Agricultural Development Book Review:

This book analyzes the impacts of current and possible future GM crop applications and shows that these technologies can contribute substantially to sustainable agricultural development and food security.

California s Bioscience Industries

California s Bioscience Industries
Author: Daniel Pollak
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 8
Release: 2002
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCR:31210016726612
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

California s Bioscience Industries Book Review:

Seeds of Contention

Seeds of Contention
Author: Per Pinstrup-Andersen,Ebbe Schiøler
Publsiher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Total Pages: 176
Release: 2003-05-12
ISBN 10: 0195664906
ISBN 13: 9780195664904
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Seeds of Contention Book Review:

In recent years the media have reported on the increasing use of genetically modified crops in agriculture. This text focuses attention on the less discussed issues of the potential benefits of genetically modified crops for developing countries.

Genetically Engineered Crops

Genetically Engineered Crops
Author: Iain Taylor
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2007-03-08
ISBN 10: 1482278014
ISBN 13: 9781482278019
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Engineered Crops Book Review:

Take a closer look at the questions surrounding the long-term impact of GE crops Genetically Engineered Crops examines current controversies surrounding the potential health, environmental, and social impacts of plants produced using molecular biology techniques. Educators, professionals, and practitioners representing a wide range of disciplines, including plant biotechnology, environmental health risk assessment, law, food safety assessment, and bio safety, address the uncertainties of the science, biological risks, national and international governance issues in North and South America, Europe, and Africa, and the need for full public understanding of genetically engineered crops. Proper regulation of food requires a broad understanding of the science and of varying public perceptions of the technology that will lead to effective governance. Genetically Engineered Crops examines ecological, health, and environmental concerns about crop genetic engineering, the need for precaution, biosafety, and liability, and the challenges faced in meeting the public’s demands for proper understanding of the risks involved. With no worldwide framework for regulation in place and public concern about food safety growing, this vital book takes a closer look at the long-term impact of GE crops and their place in the future of agriculture. Genetically Engineered Crops examines: the laboratory hazards of gene splicing environmental releases of GEOs the loss of agrobiodiversity the ecological effects of HRCs ecological and environmental risk assessment of GE crops human health implications of GE foods allergenicity and toxicity the precautionary principle international trade and regulatory harm “smart regulations” in Canada shortcomings in risk assessment liability and compensation and much more Genetically Engineered Crops is a vital reference resource for anyone working in the plant and crop sciences, the social sciences, national and international bioregulation, environmental law, and agribusiness.

The GMO Handbook

The GMO Handbook
Author: Sarad R. Parekh
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 374
Release: 2004-05-15
ISBN 10: 1592598013
ISBN 13: 9781592598014
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The GMO Handbook Book Review:

A comprehensive and accessible survey of the best current accomplishments of GMO research in all their complexity and ramifications. The authors introduce the fundamentals of biotechnology as a scientific discipline, show how GMO research is conducted today, discuss the problems that have arisen from genetic technology and the tools needed to resolve them, and describes how GMO-derived technology may impact our lives in the future. On the technical side, the authors examine a wide range of current technologies employed for constructing GMOs, and describe approaches to novel research, appropriate protocols, and the process of constructing and screening a GMO. The discussion of plant and animal cells covers new strategies employed and the large-scale expression and purification of recombinant products in cultured cells. Social political, and legal issues are also discussed.

Genetically Modified Organisms and Genetic Engineering in Research and Therapy

Genetically Modified Organisms and Genetic Engineering in Research and Therapy
Author: Pascale Piguet,P. Poindron,Philippe Poindron
Publsiher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
Total Pages: 123
Release: 2012
ISBN 10: 3805590652
ISBN 13: 9783805590655
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Organisms and Genetic Engineering in Research and Therapy Book Review:

Genetically modified organisms (GMO) raise societal, political and ethical concerns. They inspire strong resistance or, conversely, enthusiastic assent. The aim of this publication is to give an overview of genetic engineering, starting with the history of the discovery of restriction enzymes continuing with technical aspects of transgenesis to its applications in research and ethical considerations. Be it the use of single engineered cells or GMO, these applications cover a broad array, ranging from disease-oriented research (but not only), to the promising perspectives of gene therapy. Historical and technical aspects give insights into the problems inherent to the creation of GMO, and illustrate the links and limits between genetic engineering, GMOs and gene therapy. A summary article in English and French structures the links between the different chapters and concepts. Scientists interested in genetic engineering of single cells or animal models, as well as in gene therapy, will find an up-to-date review on the use and perspectives of transgenesis. However, this publication is also recommended to the public interested in the definition of GMO, which encompasses a much broader array than the genetically modified crops covered by media.

GMOs Decoded

GMOs Decoded
Author: Sheldon Krimsky
Publsiher: MIT Press
Total Pages: 216
Release: 2019-03-12
ISBN 10: 0262350750
ISBN 13: 9780262350754
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

GMOs Decoded Book Review:

The debate over genetically modified organisms: health and safety concerns, environmental impact, and scientific opinions. Since they were introduced to the market in the late 1990s, GMOs (genetically modified organisms, including genetically modified crops), have been subject to a barrage of criticism. Agriculture has welcomed this new technology, but public opposition has been loud and scientific opinion mixed. In GMOs Decoded, Sheldon Krimsky examines the controversies over GMOs—health and safety concerns, environmental issues, the implications for world hunger, and the scientific consensus (or lack of one). He explores the viewpoints of a range of GMO skeptics, from public advocacy groups and nongovernmental organizations to scientists with differing views on risk and environmental impact. Krimsky explains the differences between traditional plant breeding and “molecular breeding” through genetic engineering (GE); describes early GMO products, including the infamous Flavr Savr tomato; and discusses herbicide-, disease-, and insect-resistant GE plants. He considers the different American and European approaches to risk assessment, dueling scientific interpretations of plant genetics, and the controversy over labeling GMO products. He analyzes a key 2016 report from the National Academies of Sciences on GMO health effects and considers the controversy over biofortified rice (Golden Rice)—which some saw as a humanitarian project and others as an exercise in public relations. Do GMO crops hold promise or peril? By offering an accessible review of the risks and benefits of GMO crops, and a guide to the controversies over them, Krimsky helps readers judge for themselves.

Transparency in Federal Policy making

Transparency in Federal Policy making
Author: Heather Lee
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: OCLC:835888801
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Transparency in Federal Policy making Book Review:

This research project examines the degree of transparency of the Canadian Federal Government's decision-making processes and institutions with respect to the human consumption of animals produced through modern biotechnology (biotechnology-produced animals). It provides a timely study of the Federal Government's decision-making process; as of January 2013 the government has yet to determine whether, and how, biotechnology-produced animals are to be approved for human consumption. Foods that contain genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are already commercially widely available in Canada. Research is well underway to see if biotechnology-produced animals may also be developed and introduced into the food system. Government decisions regarding the human consumption of biotechnology-produced animals have the potential to revolutionize food systems globally and nationally. This thesis offers an analysis of primary and secondary data focusing on the degree of federal transparency with respect to regulating GMO foods generally and, more specifically, the emerging policy issues around biotechnology-produced animals. This exploration sets the stage for the following investigation of barriers as well as opportunities to fostering federal transparency with respect to policy and regulatory decisions regarding GMO foods. Findings are directed towards members of the communities of interest who are interested in questions relating to the degree of federal transparency and government approaches to foods that contain material produced through modern biotechnology.

Environmental Impact of Genetically Modified Crops

Environmental Impact of Genetically Modified Crops
Author: Natalie Ferry,Angharad M. R. Gatehouse
Publsiher: CABI
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2009-01-01
ISBN 10: 184593430X
ISBN 13: 9781845934309
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Environmental Impact of Genetically Modified Crops Book Review:

The genetic modification of crops continues to be the subject of intense debate, and opinions are often strongly polarised. Environmental Impact of Genetically Modified Crops addresses the major concerns of scientists, policy makers, environmental lobby groups and the general public regarding this controversial issue, from an editorially neutral standpoint. While the main focus is on environmental impact, food safety issues, for both humans and animals are also considered. The book concludes with a discussion on the future of agricultural biotechnology in the context of sustainability, natural resource management and future global population and food supply.

Africa s Gene Revolution

Africa s Gene Revolution
Author: Matthew A. Schnurr
Publsiher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Total Pages: 326
Release: 2019-11-07
ISBN 10: 0228000440
ISBN 13: 9780228000440
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Africa s Gene Revolution Book Review:

As development donors invest hundreds of millions of dollars into improved crops designed to alleviate poverty and hunger, Africa has emerged as the final frontier in the global debate over agricultural biotechnology. The first data-driven assessment of the ecological, social, and political factors that shape our understanding of genetic modification, Africa's Gene Revolution surveys twenty years of efforts to use genomics-based breeding to enhance yields and livelihoods for African farmers. Matthew Schnurr considers the full range of biotechnologies currently in commercial use and those in development – including hybrids, marker-assisted breeding, tissue culture, and genetic engineering. Drawing on interviews with biotechnology experts alongside research conducted with more than two hundred farmers across eastern, western, and southern Africa, Schnurr reveals a profound incongruity between the optimistic rhetoric that accompanies genetic modification technology and the realities of the smallholder farmers who are its intended beneficiaries. Through the lens of political ecology, this book demonstrates that the current emphasis on improved seeds discounts the geographic, social, ecological, and economic contexts in which the producers of these crops operate. Bringing the voices of farmers to the foreground of this polarizing debate, Africa's Gene Revolution contends that meaningful change will come from a reconfiguration not only of the plant's genome, but of the entire agricultural system.

The Future of Genetically Modified Crops

The Future of Genetically Modified Crops
Author: Felicia Wu,William Butz
Publsiher: Rand Corporation
Total Pages: 114
Release: 2004-08-13
ISBN 10: 0833040510
ISBN 13: 9780833040510
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Future of Genetically Modified Crops Book Review:

The world is now on the cusp of a new agricultural revolution, the so-called Gene Revolution, in which genetically modified (GM) crops are tailored to address chronic agricultural problems in certain regions of the world. This monograph report investigates the circumstances and processes that can induce and sustain this new agricultural revolution. The authors compare the Green Revolution of the 20th century with the GM crop movement to assess the agricultural, technological, sociological, and political differences between the two movements.

Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture

Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture
Author: Gerald C. Nelson
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 344
Release: 2001-03-22
ISBN 10: 0080488862
ISBN 13: 9780080488868
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture Book Review:

Genetically modified crops have become a topic of great interest among scientists, regulators, consumers, farmers, and politicians. Despite their potential benefits, public hostility toward these crops is causing dramatic changes to import/export policies, food safety regulations, and agricultural practices around the world. Genetically Modified Organisms in Agriculture provides a comprehensive overview of the subject and a balanced look at the costs and benefits of GMO products. Part I reviews the scientific, economic, and political issues relating to the use of agricultural GMOs. Chapters cover specific applications, regulatory concerns, import/export patterns, international trade issues, and a discussion of future trends. Part II offers a unique look at all sides of the GMO controversies, with short chapters contributed by leading individuals with widely different perspectives. Part III presents a more in-depth look at selected issues plus helpful reference materials. This book makes the latest information on GMOs accessible to all interested parties, including students, laypeople, scientists, activists, and professionals working in related fields. * Additional detailed footnotes and references for the academic * International contributions from the US, Europe and India * Covers the perspectives of different groups involved in the controversies: governments, environmental agencies, consumers, industrial agencies and the developing world