Plasticizers Derived from Post consumer PET

Plasticizers Derived from Post consumer PET
Author: Ewa Langer,Krzysztof Bortel,Marta Lenartowicz-Klik,Sylwia Waskiewicz
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 250
Release: 2019-11-15
ISBN 10: 0323462006
ISBN 13: 9780323462006
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plasticizers Derived from Post consumer PET Book Review:

Plasticizers Derived from Post-Consumer PET: Research Trends and Potential Applications presents a roadmap to the successful use of post-consumer PET to obtain plasticizers for later use, a proposal which presents both economic and sustainability advantages. Based on the results of the latest research into the development of chemical recycling techniques of PET waste, this book describes techniques where the plasticizer obtained can be utilized for value addition in PVC and other polymers. In addition, the book provides basic introductory information on the role of plasticizers in the modification of polymers, basic quality requirements, and the latest trends in the synthesis and use of plasticizers in industry, also presenting the available methods of PET recycling, with particular emphasis on chemical recycling, analysis of the PET market, the availability of post-consumer PET, and its value as a raw material for other products. Based on the authors' research, the book discusses the use of post-consumer PET in the synthesis of monomeric and oligomeric plasticizers. Synthesis conditions are shown in detail, and the influence of the structure of synthesized softeners on their basic quality parameters are assessed and compared with selected commercially available products. In the final sections, the book covers the economic challenges and benefits of this process and its application to newly developed products. Presents a step-by-step introduction to the methods of recycling PET into usable plasticizers Provides a viable, actionable alternative to landfills for post-consumer PET, enabling the recycling of more waste polymer and reducing the carbon footprint of PET Analyzes the economic benefits and challenges of this process Compares the quality of the output to commercially available products

Applications of Fluoropolymer Films

Applications of Fluoropolymer Films
Author: Jiri George Drobny
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 314
Release: 2020-01-24
ISBN 10: 012816302X
ISBN 13: 9780128163023
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Applications of Fluoropolymer Films Book Review:

Applications of Fluoropolymer Films: Properties, Processing, and Products presents an overview of fluoropolymer films, manufacturing methods, typical properties, and commercial grades for each type of fluoropolymer film. The second part of the book is uniquely focused on the applications of fluoropolymer films, with detailed information on their use in cutting-edge items across major industries, including aerospace and automotive, architectural, chemical processing, construction, consumer products, electronics, food packaging, pharmaceuticals and solar energy. Presents a focused approach on the practical applications of fluoropolymer films, supporting their use in state-of-the-art products across a range of industries Contains detailed coverage of manufacturing methods, properties and commercial grades for fluoropolymer films Unlocks the potential of the advanced properties offered by fluoropolymer films

Encyclopedia of Energy Technology and the Environment

Encyclopedia of Energy Technology and the Environment
Author: Attilio Bisio,Sharon Boots
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 2964
Release: 1995
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822021329511
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Encyclopedia of Energy Technology and the Environment Book Review:

V.1. A-C -- v.2. C-F -- v.3. G-P -- v.4. R-Z Index

Floor Covering Weekly

Floor Covering Weekly
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2004
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: CORNELL:31924097711570
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Floor Covering Weekly Book Review:

Paper Or Plastic

Paper Or Plastic
Author: Dan Imhoff,Roberto Carra
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2005
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: STANFORD:36105114109478
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Paper Or Plastic Book Review:

The supermarket conundrum "Paper or plastic?” sums up a Western consumer society that is on a collision course with the planet’s life-support systems. Do we clearcut forests, process pulp, and bleach it with chlorine to make paper bags? Or do we make a pact with demon hydrocarbon, refining ancient sunlight into handy plastics? About half of America’s municipal solid waste is packaging--at least 300 pounds per person each year--and its "upstream” costs in energy and resources are even more alarming. In this fascinating look at the world of packaging, author Daniel Imhoff delves into the life cycles of packaging materials, from wood products to glass, metals, and plastics, and looks at the countless ways that packaged goods shape our culture. Using case studies, the book explores positive trends such as producer responsibility and "take back” laws, the eco-design movement, plant-based plastic, labeling to disclose the ecological and social impacts of products, and integrated regional economies--that is, producing and consuming locally and in bulk. As consumers, there’s much we can do to address the still-growing problem of packaging. Paper or Plastic offers a checklist for action, along with resources for detailed information.

Recycling of Polyethylene Terephthalate Bottles

Recycling of Polyethylene Terephthalate Bottles
Author: Sabu Thomas,Ajay Vasudeo Rane,Krishnan Kanny,Abitha VK,Martin George Thomas
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 212
Release: 2018-10-29
ISBN 10: 0323509673
ISBN 13: 9780323509671
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recycling of Polyethylene Terephthalate Bottles Book Review:

Recycling of Polyethylene Terephthalate Bottles provides an overview of PET chemistry, highlighting the main degradation, depolymerization processes and pathways of PET, along with the applications of recycled monomers derived from PET waste. The latest methodologies of recycling and feedstock recovery are covered, providing critical foundational information. In addition, the book discusses a range of established methods of polymer recycling, with an emphasis on real world industrial case studies and the latest academic research. Users will find in-depth lifecycle and cost analysis of each waste management method, comparing the suitability and feasibility of each to support the decision -making process. Polyethylene Terephthalate (PET) is the most recycled plastic in the world, but still represents a significant amount of landfill waste. This book presents an update on new regulations, providing recommendations for new opportunities in this area, including new processing methods and applications for recycled PET. Features a comprehensive introduction to the waste management of PET bottles, from regulatory concerns, to the range of different methods of materials recovery Enables practitioners to choose the most efficient and effective waste management process Includes detailed lifecycle and cost analysis information Compares traditional thermal recycling methods with more recently developed monomer recovery and chemical recycling methods

Journal of Natural Sciences and Mathematics

Journal of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2004
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015072701249
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Journal of Natural Sciences and Mathematics Book Review:

Hazardous substances in plastics

Hazardous substances in plastics
Author: Stenmarck, Åsa ,Belleza, Elin L. ,Fråne, Anna ,Busch, Niels
Publsiher: Nordic Council of Ministers
Total Pages: 119
Release: 2017-02-08
ISBN 10: 9289348496
ISBN 13: 9789289348492
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Hazardous substances in plastics Book Review:

The aim of the project is to create knowledge on how plastics recycling can increase without increasing the risk of emitting hazardous substances to the environment.The first general conclusion is that to be able to increase recycling there are measures needed at different levels. The following areas are of interest: • Legislation: new legislation is not necessary, but harmonisation and clear guidance to the existing one is. • Market: to create a market safety on content is needed. • If substances added are less hazardous the recycled raw material would be “more safe” to use. • There should be higher attention put on the knowledge of the recyclers. • Traceability and content: Further work on labelling reaching the recycle part of the value chain needs to be developed. It is also needed to develop a systematic approach towards risk assessments linked to recycling.

Plastics World

Plastics World
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1994
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822020251633
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plastics World Book Review:

Handbook of Plasticizers

Handbook of Plasticizers
Author: George Wypych
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 870
Release: 2017-01-14
ISBN 10: 1927885167
ISBN 13: 9781927885161
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Plasticizers Book Review:

Handbook of Plasticizers, Third Edition, is an essential professional reference, providing information that enables R&D scientists, production chemists, and engineers the information they need to use plasticizers more effectively, and to avoid certain plasticizers in applications where they may cause health or material durability problems. Plasticizers are vital to the plastics industry, particularly in improving the properties of materials such as PVC. Plasticizers are commonly added to complex mixtures containing a variety of materials, so successful incorporation requires a broad understanding of the mechanisms of plasticizer action, and compatibility with different materials and blends. There is a large selection of commercial plasticizers, and various environmental issues which impact on selection decisions. The book discusses new and historical approaches to the use of plasticizers, explaining mechanisms of plasticizers' action and their behavior in plasticized systems. It goes into detail on the use of plasticizers in a range of specific polymers, polymer blends, and other industrial products. This includes coverage of the impact of plasticizers on processing. George Wypych provides the data and know-how from the most recent sources and updated information required by engineers and scientists working in the plastics industry and the many industry sectors that use plastics in their products. The book covers the uses, advantages, and disadvantages of plasticizers, historical and theoretical background, their effects on process conditions, and health, safety, and environmental issues. Enables materials scientists, chemists and engineers to use plasticizers more effectively, and avoid health and safety or performance risks Includes detailed coverage of the impact of plasticizers on polymers, and processing methods Provides the broad background of information required to select the correct plasticizer for any application Covers the uses, advantages, and disadvantages of plasticizers, including historical and theoretical background

Recycling of Polyurethane Foams

Recycling of Polyurethane Foams
Author: Sabu Thomas,Ajay Vasudeo Rane,Krishnan Kanny,Abitha VK,Martin George Thomas
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 146
Release: 2018-06-06
ISBN 10: 0323511341
ISBN 13: 9780323511346
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Recycling of Polyurethane Foams Book Review:

Recycling of Polyurethane Foams introduces the main degradation/depolymerization processes and pathways of polyurethane foam materials, focusing on industrial case studies and academic reviews from recent research and development projects. The book can aid practitioners in understanding the basis of polymer degradation and its relationship with industrial processes, which can be of substantial value to industrial complexes the world over. The main pathways of polymer recycling via different routes and industrial schemes are detailed, covering all current techniques, including regrinding, rebinding, adhesive pressing and compression moulding of recovered PU materials that are then compared with depolymerization approaches. The book examines life cycle assessment and cost analysis associated with polyurethane foams waste management, showing the potential of various techniques. This book will help academics and researchers identify and improve on current depolymerization processes, and it will help industry sustainability professionals choose the appropriate approach for their own waste management systems, thus minimizing the costs and environmental impact of their PU-based end products. Offers a comprehensive review of all polyurethane foam recycling processes, including both chemical and mechanical approaches Assesses the potential of each recycling process Helps industry-based practitioners decide which approach to take to minimize the cost and environmental impact of their end product Enables academics and researchers to identify and improve upon current processes of degradation and depolymerization

Thermal Analysis

Thermal Analysis
Author: Bernhard Wunderlich
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2012-12-02
ISBN 10: 0323139671
ISBN 13: 9780323139670
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Thermal Analysis Book Review:

Thermal Analysis deals with the theories of thermal analysis (thermodynamics, irreversible thermodynamics, and kinetics) as well as instrumentation and techniques (thermometry, differential thermal analysis, calorimetry, thermomechanical analysis and dilatometry, and thermogravimetry). Applications of thermal analysis are also described. This book consists of seven chapters and begins with a brief outline of the history and meaning of heat and temperature before listing the techniques of thermal analysis. The reader is then introduced to the basis of thermal analysis, paying particular attention to the macroscopic theories of matter, namely, equilibrium thermodynamics, irreversible thermodynamics, and kinetics. The next chapter discusses thermometry, focusing on the international temperature scale and the techniques of measuring temperature. Examples of heating and cooling curves are linked to the discussion of transitions. The groundwork for a detailed understanding of transition temperature is given. The chapters that follow explore the principles of differential thermal analysis, calorimetry, thermomechanical analysis and dilatometry, and thermogravimetry. This book is intended for the senior undergraduate or beginning graduate student, as well as for the researcher and teacher interested in thermal analysis.

Integrated Solid Waste Management

Integrated Solid Waste Management
Author: Forbes R. McDougall,Peter R. White,Marina Franke,Peter Hindle
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 544
Release: 2008-04-15
ISBN 10: 0470999667
ISBN 13: 9780470999660
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Integrated Solid Waste Management Book Review:

The first edition described the concept of Integrated Waste Management (IWM), and the use of Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) to provide a way to assess the environmental and economic performance of solid waste systems. Actual examples of IWM systems and published accounts of LCI models for solid waste are now appearing in the literature. To draw out the lessons learned from these experiences a significant part of this 2nd edition focuses on case studies - both of IWM systems, and of where LCI has been used to assess such systems. The 2nd edition also includes updated chapters on waste generation, waste collection, central sorting, biological treatment, thermal treatment, landfill and materials recycling. This 2nd edition also provides a more user-friendly model (IWM-2) for waste managers. To make it more widely accessible, this edition provides the new tool in Windows format, with greatly improved input and output features, and the ability to compare different scenarios. A detailed user's guide is provided, to take the reader through the use of the IWM-2 model, step by step. IWM-2 is designed to be an "entry level" LCI model for solid waste - user-friendly and appropriate to users starting to apply life cycle thinking to waste systems - while more expert users will also find many of the advanced features of the IWM-2 model helpful. IWM-2 is delivered on CD inside the book.

Bio Based Polymers and Composites

Bio Based Polymers and Composites
Author: Richard Wool,Xiuzhi Susan Sun
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 640
Release: 2011-08-30
ISBN 10: 9780080454344
ISBN 13: 0080454348
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bio Based Polymers and Composites Book Review:

Bio-Based Polymers and Composites is the first book systematically describing the green engineering, chemistry and manufacture of biobased polymers and composites derived from plants. This book gives a thorough introduction to bio-based material resources, availability, sustainability, biobased polymer formation, extraction and refining technologies, and the need for integrated research and multi-disciplinary working teams. It provides an in-depth description of adhesives, resins, plastics, and composites derived from plant oils, proteins, starches, and natural fibers in terms of structures, properties, manufacturing, and product performance. This is an excellent book for scientists, engineers, graduate students and industrial researchers in the field of bio-based materials. * First book describing the utilization of crops to make high performance plastics, adhesives, and composites * Interdisciplinary approach to the subject, integrating genetic engineering, plant science, food science, chemistry, physics, nano-technology, and composite manufacturing. * Explains how to make green materials at low cost from soyoil, proteins, starch, natural fibers, recycled newspapers, chicken feathers and waste agricultural by-products.

Frontiers in the Science and Technology of Polymer Recycling

Frontiers in the Science and Technology of Polymer Recycling
Author: Güneri Akovali,Carlos A. Bernardo,Jacob Leidner,L.A. Utracki,Marino Xanthos
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 476
Release: 2013-03-09
ISBN 10: 9401716269
ISBN 13: 9789401716260
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Frontiers in the Science and Technology of Polymer Recycling Book Review:

Polymers, main components of plastics and rubbers, are being discarded in increasing quantities. But this waste can also be considered as `plastic gold'. Public concern, coupled with the inherent value of the material, means that recycling is imperative. The present book presents a survey of current knowledge in the form of case studies, including current legal and educational issues. Topics covered also include regulation and practice in NATO countries, the economics of recycling, the reprocessing of single polymers and mixtures, and future prospects and strategies. Audience: Vital reading for all polymer scientists, technicians and engineers.

Technologies for Recycling Post consumer Mixed Plastics

Technologies for Recycling Post consumer Mixed Plastics
Author: Bruce A. Hegberg,Gary R. Brenniman,William H. Hallenbeck
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 115
Release: 1991
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UIUC:30112122591479
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Technologies for Recycling Post consumer Mixed Plastics Book Review:

Fluoropolymer Applications in the Chemical Processing Industries

Fluoropolymer Applications in the Chemical Processing Industries
Author: Sina Ebnesajjad,Pradip R. Khaladkar
Publsiher: William Andrew
Total Pages: 452
Release: 2017-10-30
ISBN 10: 0323461158
ISBN 13: 9780323461153
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Fluoropolymer Applications in the Chemical Processing Industries Book Review:

Fluoropolymer Applications in Chemical Processing Industries: The Definitive User's Guide and Handbook, Second Edition, contains the most extensive collection of data and information on fluoropolymer applications in chemical processing industries. Because of their superior properties, fluoropolymers have been rapidly replacing metal alloys for corrosion inhibition in chemical processing equipment. This book is a complete compendium of information about fluoropolymer lining materials and structural piping and tubing. Fluoropolymer surfaces preserve purity of processing streams in the chemical processing, plastics, food, pharmaceutical, semiconductor, and pulp and paper industries. Updated to reflect major changes since 2004, this book contains practical, problem-solving tools for professionals in those industries. Equipment manufacturers, plant operators, and product design and manufacturing engineers all will benefit from the in-depth knowledge provided. This new edition includes new fluoropolymer grades and new examples of the fluoropolymer role in preventing corrosion. New fabrication techniques have been added, and additional emphasis has been placed on adhesion and welding techniques. New sections have been added on inspection of new linings, and in-service inspection – including inspection frequency, acceptance criteria, fitness for service evaluation, and reparability. Includes extensive guidelines for the selection of fluoropolymers for corrosion control Features a detailed ‘how-to’ on processes that convert fluoropolymers into shapes and parts Discusses fabrication techniques to finish the fluoropolymer components before exposure to harsh chemical environments Includes laboratory techniques to determine the cause of part failure, and a modeling methodology to predict and analyze failure of fluoropolymer parts

Toxicants in Food Packaging and Household Plastics

Toxicants in Food Packaging and Household Plastics
Author: Suzanne M. Snedeker
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 310
Release: 2014-08-13
ISBN 10: 1447165004
ISBN 13: 9781447165002
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toxicants in Food Packaging and Household Plastics Book Review:

This book serves as a comprehensive resource on toxicants that can be released from food packaging materials and household plastics. Chapters include sources and levels of chemical exposure, known and suspected health effects and the identification of data gaps with recommendations for further research. In addition, regulatory approaches and risk assessment challenges in the United States and Europe are discussed. Chapters cover both the more widely known chemicals that can migrate from food packaging (bisphenol A, perfluorinated chemicals), and household plastics (lead, phthalates, brominated flame retardants), as well as chemicals that are just entering use in food packaging (nanomaterials in polymer food packaging) and chemicals recently identified as migrating from food packaging to food stuffs (phthalates, benzophenones, antimony, methylnaphthalene and the alkylphenols nonylphenol and octylphenol). Chapters on phthalates and brominated flame retardants discuss challenges that arise with the use of replacement chemicals. The health effect sections of chapters have drawn on a wide variety of toxicological endpoints and recommend approaches to better assess toxicological risks in vulnerable human populations. Reflecting the global nature of our food supply and household consumer goods, contributions have been drawn from international experts. A wide range of scientists will find this book to be useful, including toxicologists, environmental health scientists, food scientists, and regulators.

Compostable Polymer Materials

Compostable Polymer Materials
Author: Ewa Rudnik
Publsiher: Newnes
Total Pages: 410
Release: 2019-06-04
ISBN 10: 0080994423
ISBN 13: 9780080994420
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Compostable Polymer Materials Book Review:

Compostable Polymer Materials, Second Edition, deals with the environmentally important family of polymers designed to be disposed of in industrial and municipal compost facilities after their useful life. These compostable plastics undergo degradation and leave no visible, distinguishable, or toxic residue. Environmental concerns and legislative measures taken in different regions of the world make composting an increasingly attractive route for the disposal of redundant polymers. This book covers the entire spectrum of preparation, degradation, and evironmental issues related to compostable polymers. It emphasizes recent studies concerning compostability and ecotoxilogical assessment of polymer materials. It descibes the thermal behavior, including flammability properties, of compostable polymers. It also explores possible routes of compostable polymers waste disposal through an ecological lens. Finally, the book examines the economic factors at work, including price evolution over the past decade, the current market, and future perspectives. Compostable Polymer Materials is an essential resource for graduate students and scientists working in chemistry, materials science, ecology, and environmental science. Provides a comprehensive study of the composting process Details methods of compostable polymers preparation, including properties, processing and applications Presents the state-of-the-art knowledge on ecotoxicity testing and biodegradation under real composting conditions of compostable polymers, as well as biodegradation in various environments, such as marine environments and anaerobic conditions Discusses the evolution of waste management in Europe and the United States, as well as the status of MSW disposal and treatment methods in countries such as China and Brazil Overviews biodegradation studies under real composting conditions of products made of compostable polymers, e.g. bags, bottles, cutletry Analyzes evolution of market development, including price of compostable polymers during the last decade

Plastics Recycling as a Future Business Opportunity

Plastics Recycling as a Future Business Opportunity
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 329
Release: 1993
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: PSU:000025940480
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plastics Recycling as a Future Business Opportunity Book Review: