Phytochemistry the Military and Health

Phytochemistry  the Military and Health
Author: Andrew G. Mtewa,Chukwuebuka Egbuna
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 606
Release: 2021-03-02
ISBN 10: 0128232307
ISBN 13: 9780128232309
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phytochemistry the Military and Health Book Review:

Phytochemistry, the Military and Health: Phytotoxins and Natural Defenses comes as a response to the gap that there has for so long existed between phytochemistry and survival of both service personnel and civilian communities during and after conflicts. Armed conflicts cause a lot of devastation to communities and should be avoided as much as it can be possible. The devastation is usually evident in service provisions such as Health, Education, Water, and Food among many others. Both service personnel and civilians are affected to various degrees. Facilities usually end up being physically destroyed, with no essential supplies and/or having dysfunctional systems. Going with untreated wounds, communicable and non-communicable diseases for weeks with no medical interventions due to the conflicts, disease burdens heavily weigh down on communities as well as security personnel. To make the situation even more complicated, masses of people are forced to migrate for safety and security reasons, likely going with diseases along wherever they go. In such instances, phytochemicals become handy in providing solutions from first aid, basic analgesia, antimicrobials, and the general improvement of health. Phytochemicals are known to play a major role in the day to day management of diseases and health. There has been much research into their effectiveness as community medicines and as alternatives to conventional drugs. However, the role that phytochemicals play in the military, counterterrorism, and security has been overlooked. Phytochemistry, the Military and Health: Phytotoxins and Natural Defenses discusses the roles that phytochemicals play as friends and foes in the military, including insights aimed to help develop antidotes against phytochemicals and other chemical agents used maliciously as weapons. Filling a gap between drug discovery, security, and emergency medicine, this book describes which plants can be categorized for protection and controls, which can be helpful in times of conflicts and soon after conflicts, in military operations, and those that can be used as deterrents and as emergency medicines. Carefully designed to show the contribution that phytochemicals play in safety and security, this book is useful for researchers, regulators and anyone interested in plant chemistry. Covers the contribution that phytochemicals play in safety and security Contains insights that will help in the development of antidotes against phytochemical and other chemical weapons Categorizes plants in terms of their usefulness as well as the potential security risks they possess

Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals

Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals
Author: Chukwuebuka Egbuna,Genevieve Dable Tupas
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 642
Release: 2020-08-24
ISBN 10: 3030423190
ISBN 13: 9783030423193
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals Book Review:

Functional foods and nutraceuticals are food products that naturally offer or have been modified to offer additional health benefits beyond basic nutrition. As such products have surged in popularity in recent years, it is crucial that researchers and manufacturers understand the concepts underpinning functional foods and the opportunity they represent to improve human health, reduce healthcare costs, and support economic development worldwide. Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals: Bioactive Components, Formulations and Innovations presents a guide to functional foods from experienced professionals in key institutions around the world. The text provides background information on the health benefits, bioavailability, and safety measurements of functional foods and nutraceuticals. Subsequent chapters detail the bioactive components in functional foods responsible for these health benefits, as well as the different formulations of these products and recent innovations spurred by consumer demands. Authors emphasize product development for increased marketability, taking into account safety issues associated with functional food adulteration and solutions to be found in GMP adherence. Various food preservation methods aimed at enhancing the quality and shelf life of functional food are also highlighted. Functional Foods and Nutraceuticals: Bioactive Components, Formulations and Innovations is the first of its kind, designed to be useful to students, teachers, nutritionists, food scientists, food technologists and public health regulators alike.

Membrane Based Methods for Dye Containing Wastewater

Membrane Based Methods for Dye Containing Wastewater
Author: Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
Publsiher: Springer Nature
Total Pages: 135
Release: 2022
ISBN 10: 9811648239
ISBN 13: 9789811648236
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Membrane Based Methods for Dye Containing Wastewater Book Review:

Neglected Tropical Diseases and Phytochemicals in Drug Discovery

Neglected Tropical Diseases and Phytochemicals in Drug Discovery
Author: Chukwuebuka Egbuna,Muhammad Akram,Jonathan Chinenye Ifemeje
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 624
Release: 2021-10-25
ISBN 10: 1119617154
ISBN 13: 9781119617150
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Neglected Tropical Diseases and Phytochemicals in Drug Discovery Book Review:

NEGLECTED TROPICAL DISEASES AND PHYTOCHEMICALS IN DRUG DISCOVERY Explore novel drug discovery updates from medicinal plants to help fight the devastating effects of neglected tropical diseases Neglected Tropical Diseases and Phytochemicals in Drug Discovery delivers a comprehensive exploration of the drug discovery process as it pertains to neglected tropical diseases. The book covers recent advancements in drug discovery, as well as druggable targets and new challenges facing the industry. It offers readers expansive discussions of specific diseases, including protozoan, helminth, bacterial, viral, fungal, and ectoparasitic infections. This book provides readers with insightful perspectives from leading industry voices on fifty years of trends and progress in the search for new, safe, and affordable therapeutic drugs in the fight against neglected tropical diseases. It includes information beneficial to researchers in a variety of fields of biology, chemistry, medicine, and pharmaceuticals. The distinguished authors cover topics including the effects of phytochemicals on the causative agent of leprosy and the potential applicability of phytochemicals in the management of Dengue fever. Readers will also enjoy the inclusion of: Thorough introductions to neglected tropical diseases, phytochemicals, protein targets, and mechanisms in drug discovery, as well as the epidemiology of neglected tropical diseases An exploration of novel bioactive lead compounds for drug discovery against neglected tropical diseases, leishmaniasis, lymphatic filariasis, trypanosomiasis, and schistosomiasis Discussions of protozoan infections, including herbal, nutritional, and traditional remedies for giardiasis and the anti-leishmanial potentials of phytochemicals Examinations of helminth infections, including the prospects of phytochemicals in the treatment of helminthiasis Perfect for medicinal chemists, drug developers, and research and development scientists, Neglected Tropical Diseases and Phytochemicals in Drug Discovery will also earn a place in the libraries of toxicologists and researchers in biology, chemistry, medicinal chemistry, ethnobotany, and bioinformatics seeking a one-stop resource for drug discovery for neglected tropical diseases.

Phytochemical Methods A Guide to Modern Techniques of Plant Analysis

Phytochemical Methods A Guide to Modern Techniques of Plant Analysis
Author: A.J. Harborne
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 302
Release: 1998-04-30
ISBN 10: 9780412572609
ISBN 13: 0412572605
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phytochemical Methods A Guide to Modern Techniques of Plant Analysis Book Review:

This long awaited third edition of Phytochemical Methods is, as its predecessors, a key tool for undergraduates, research workers in plant biochemistry, plant taxonomists and any researchers in related areas where the analysis of organic plant components is key to their investigations. Phytochemistry is a rapidly expanding area with new techniques being developed and existing ones perfected and made easier to incorporate as standard methods in the laboratory. This latest edition includes descriptions of the most up-to-date methods such as HPLC and the increasingly sophisticated NMR and related spectral techniques. Other methods described are the use of NMR to locate substances within the plant cell and the chiral separation of essential oils. After an introductory chapter on methods of plant analysis, individual chapters describe methods of identifying the different type of plant molecules: phenolic compounds, terpenoids, organic acids, lipids and related compounds, nitrogen compounds, sugar and derivatives and macromolecules. Different methods are discussed and recommended, and guidance provided for the analysis of compounds of special physiological relevance such as endogenous growth regulators, substances of pharmacological interest and screening methods for the detection of substances for taxonomic purposes. It also includes an important bibliographic guide to specialized texts. This comprehensive book constitutes a unique and indispensable practical guide for any phytochemistry or related laboratory, and provides hands-on description of experimental techniques so that students and researchers can become familiar with these invaluable methods.

Phytochemistry

Phytochemistry
Author: Chukwuebuka Egbuna,Jonathan Chinenye Ifemeje,Stanley Chidi Udedi,Shashank Kumar
Publsiher: CRC Press
Total Pages: 658
Release: 2018-12-12
ISBN 10: 0429760337
ISBN 13: 9780429760334
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phytochemistry Book Review:

This first book in this three-volume set provides comprehensive coverage of a wide range of topics in phytochemistry. With chapters from professional specialists from key institutions around the world, the volume starts with an introduction to phytochemistry and details the fundamentals. Part II discusses the state-of-the-art modern methods and techniques in phytochemical research, while Part III provides an informative overview of computational phytochemistry and its applications. Part IV presents novel research findings in the discovery of drugs that will be effective in the treatment of diseases. The chapters are drawn carefully and integrated sequentially to aid flow, consistency, and continuity.

Phytochemistry of Medicinal Plants

Phytochemistry of Medicinal Plants
Author: John T. Arnason,Rachel Mata,John T. Romeo
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 364
Release: 2013-11-11
ISBN 10: 1489917780
ISBN 13: 9781489917782
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phytochemistry of Medicinal Plants Book Review:

Phytochemicals from medicinal plants are receiving ever greater attention in the scientific literature, in medicine, and in the world economy in general. For example, the global value of plant-derived pharmaceuticals will reach $500 billion in the year 2000 in the OECD countries. In the developing countries, over-the-counter remedies and "ethical phytomedicines," which are standardized toxicologically and clinically defined crude drugs, are seen as a promising low cost alternatives in primary health care. The field also has benefited greatly in recent years from the interaction of the study of traditional ethnobotanical knowledge and the application of modem phytochemical analysis and biological activity studies to medicinal plants. The papers on this topic assembled in the present volume were presented at the annual meeting of the Phytochemical Society of North America, held in Mexico City, August 15-19, 1994. This meeting location was chosen at the time of entry of Mexico into the North American Free Trade Agreement as another way to celebrate the closer ties between Mexico, the United States, and Canada. The meeting site was the historic Calinda Geneve Hotel in Mexico City, a most appropriate site to host a group of phytochemists, since it was the address of Russel Marker. Marker lived at the hotel, and his famous papers on steroidal saponins from Dioscorea composita, which launched the birth control pill, bear the address of the hotel.

Polyphenols in Plants

Polyphenols in Plants
Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 360
Release: 2014-01-17
ISBN 10: 0123984912
ISBN 13: 9780123984913
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polyphenols in Plants Book Review:

Polyphenols in Plants assists plant scientists and dietary supplement producers in assessing polyphenol content and factors affecting their composition. It also aids in selecting sources and regulating environmental conditions affecting yield for more consistent and function dietary supplements. Polyphenols play key roles in the growth, regulation and structure of plants and vary widely within different plants. Stress, growth conditions and plant species modify polyphenol structure and content. This book describes techniques to identify, isolate and characterize polyphenols, taking mammalian toxicology into account as well. Defines conditions of growth affecting the polyphenol levels Describes assay and instrumentation techniques critical to identifying and defining polyphenols, critical to researchers and business development Documents how some polyphenols are dangerous to consume, important to dietary supplement industry, government regulators and lay public users

Textbook of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry E Book

Textbook of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry   E Book
Author: Biren Shah,Avinash Seth
Publsiher: Elsevier Health Sciences
Total Pages: 620
Release: 2012-05-14
ISBN 10: 8131232603
ISBN 13: 9788131232606
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Textbook of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry E Book Book Review:

Textbook of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry This comprehensive textbook is primarily aimed at the course requirements of the B. Pharm. students. This book is specially designed to impart knowledge alternative systems of medicine as well as modern pharmacognosy. It would also serve as a valuable resource of information to other allied botanical and alternative healthcare science students as well as researchers and industrialists working in the field of herbal technology. Only Textbook Offering... Recent data on trade of Indian medicinal plants (till 2008) Illustrated biosynthetic pathways of metabolites as well as extraction and isolation methodologies of medicinal compounds Bioactivity determination and synthesis of herbal products of human interest Information on Ayurvedic plants and Chinese system of medicine Simple narrative text that will help the students quickly understand important concepts Over 300 illustrations and 120 tables in order to help students memorize and recall vital concepts making this book a student’s companion cum teacher A must buy for every student of pharmacognosy!

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for the Aging Population

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for the Aging Population
Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 493
Release: 2013
ISBN 10: 0123971551
ISBN 13: 9780123971555
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for the Aging Population Book Review:

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for the Aging Population presents scientific evidence of the impact bioactive foods can have in the prevention and mediation of age related diseases. Documents foods that can affect metabolic syndrome and ways the associated information could be used to understand other diseases, which share common etiological pathways.

Phytochemical Methods

Phytochemical Methods
Author: Professor Department of Botany J B Harborne,Jeffrey B. Harborne
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 288
Release: 1984-10-04
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UCSD:31822001950575
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phytochemical Methods Book Review:

Phytochemistry is a rapidly expanding area with new techniques being developed and existing ones perfected and made easier to incorporate as standard methods in the laboratory. This edition includes descriptions of methods such as HPLC and the increasingly sophisticated NMR and related spectral techniques. Other methods described are the use of NMR to locate substances within the plant cell and the chiral separation of essential oils. After an introductory chapter on methods of plant analysis, individual chapters describe methods of identifying the different type of plant molecules: phenolic compounds, terpenoids, organic acids, lipids and related compounds, nitrogen compounds, sugar and derivatives and macromolecules. Different methods are discussed and recommended, and guidance provided for the analysis of compounds of special physiological relevance such as endogenous growth regulators, substances of pharmacological interest and screening methods for the detection of substances for taxonomic purposes.

Phytochemistry and Angiosperm Phylogeny

Phytochemistry and Angiosperm Phylogeny
Author: David A. Young,David S. Seigler
Publsiher: Greenwood
Total Pages: 295
Release: 1981
ISBN 10: 1928374650XXX
ISBN 13: UOM:39015010050949
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Phytochemistry and Angiosperm Phylogeny Book Review:

The Mediterranean Diet

The Mediterranean Diet
Author: Victor R. Preedy,Ronald Ross Watson
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 698
Release: 2014-11-19
ISBN 10: 0124079423
ISBN 13: 9780124079427
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Mediterranean Diet Book Review:

The Mediterranean Diet offers researchers and clinicians a single authoritative source which outlines many of the complex features of the Mediterranean diet: ranging from supportive evidence and epidemiological studies, to the antioxidant properties of individual components. This book embraces a holistic approach and effectively investigates the Mediterranean diet from the cell to the nutritional well-being of geographical populations. This book represents essential reading for researchers and practicing clinicians in nutrition, dietetics, endocrinology, and public health, as well as researchers, such as molecular or cellular biochemists, interested in lipids, metabolism, and obesity. Presents one comprehensive, translational source for all aspects of how the Mediterranean diet plays a role in disease prevention and health Experts in nutrition, diet, and endocrinology (from all areas of academic and medical research) take readers from the bench research (cellular and biochemical mechanisms of vitamins and nutrients) to new preventive and therapeutic approaches Features a unique section on novel nutraceuticals and edible plants used in the Mediterranean region

Medicinal Chemistry of Anticancer Drugs

Medicinal Chemistry of Anticancer Drugs
Author: Carmen Avendano,J. Carlos Menendez
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 768
Release: 2015-06-11
ISBN 10: 0444626670
ISBN 13: 9780444626677
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medicinal Chemistry of Anticancer Drugs Book Review:

Medicinal Chemistry of Anticancer Drugs, Second Edition, provides an updated treatment from the point of view of medicinal chemistry and drug design, focusing on the mechanism of action of antitumor drugs from the molecular level, and on the relationship between chemical structure and chemical and biochemical reactivity of antitumor agents. Antitumor chemotherapy is a very active field of research, and a huge amount of information on the topic is generated every year. Cytotoxic chemotherapy is gradually being supplemented by a new generation of drugs that recognize specific targets on the surface or inside cancer cells, and resistance to antitumor drugs continues to be investigated. While these therapies are in their infancy, they hold promise of more effective therapies with fewer side effects. Although many books are available that deal with clinical aspects of cancer chemotherapy, this book provides a sorely needed update from the point of view of medicinal chemistry and drug design. Presents information in a clear and concise way using a large number of figures Historical background provides insights on how the process of drug discovery in the anticancer field has evolved Extensive references to primary literature

Foods and Dietary Supplements in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease in Older Adults

Foods and Dietary Supplements in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease in Older Adults
Author: Ronald Ross Watson
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 398
Release: 2015-01-27
ISBN 10: 0124186866
ISBN 13: 9780124186866
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Foods and Dietary Supplements in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease in Older Adults Book Review:

Foods and Dietary Supplements in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease in Older Adults focuses on the ways in which food and dietary supplements affect the major health problems of aging adults. Researchers in nutrition, diet, epidemiology, and aging studies, as well as healthcare providers who work with elderly patients will use this comprehensive resource as a tool in their long-term goal of preventing and treating chronic disease within the elderly. This book brings together a broad range of experts working on the different aspects of foods and dietary supplements (vitamins, herbs, plant extracts, etc.) in health promotion and disease prevention. They have contributed chapters which define a range of ways in which foods, nutriceuticals, and dietary supplements prevent disease and promote health in older adults. They begin by reviewing the medicinal role of foods, herbal, and dietary supplements in health promotion in older adults, as well as some of the most commonly used supplements in elder "self-medication." They review the most recent studies of how foods, herbal, and dietary supplements are effective in the prevention and treatment of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and other obesity associated diseases in older adults. Then they consider alcohol, other drugs, and plant based drugs of abuse which can adversely affect the health of older adults. Lastly, they consider foods and dietary supplements in gene regulation in older adults. Investigates the important nutritional requirements of the aging population in health and in relation to various acute and chronic diseases Explores the nutritional effects of botanical extracts and components that can have important health promotion benefits, and risks, to ensure safe consumption Reviews studies of common diseases within the aging population including cancer, cardiovascular, metabolic, and infectious diseases that can alter the intake of foods, supplements, and/or requirements for various nutrients Investigates the mechanisms of action of components of foods and dietary supplements, in particular gene activation and epigenetics

Management of High Altitude Pathophysiology

Management of High Altitude Pathophysiology
Author: Kshipra Misra,Priyanka Sharma,Anuja Bhardwaj
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2018-07-19
ISBN 10: 0128140003
ISBN 13: 9780128140000
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Management of High Altitude Pathophysiology Book Review:

Management of High Altitude Pathophysiology presents a comprehensive overview on the various therapeutic practices and ongoing research relating to the development of more potent and novel formulations for managing high altitude pathophysiology. It provides a detailed application of both herbal and non-herbal therapeutic agents, including their nanoformulations. This important reference provides benefits to the medical and herbal scientific communities, doctors treating patients with high altitude complications, individuals travelling to high altitudes for recreation or work, and scientists working on future drug development. Provides the recent advances and potential therapeutic agents for ameliorating the high-altitude complications Includes herbal remedies for the prophylaxis and treatment of the high-altitude maladies Elucidates the significance of Yogic practices and ergonomics in managing stress at high altitude

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Liver and Gastrointestinal Disease

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Liver and Gastrointestinal Disease
Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 802
Release: 2012-10-22
ISBN 10: 0123977649
ISBN 13: 9780123977649
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Liver and Gastrointestinal Disease Book Review:

Bioactive Food as Dietary Interventions for Liver and Gastrointestinal Disease provides valuable insights for those seeking nutritional treatment options for those suffering from liver and/or related gastrointestinal disease including Crohn’s, allergies, and colitis among others. Information is presented on a variety of foods including herbs, fruits, soy and olive oil. This book serves as a valuable resource for researchers in nutrition, nephrology, and gastroenterology. Addresses the most positive results from dietary interventions using bioactive foods to impact diseases of the liver and gastrointestinal system, including reduction of inflammation, improved function, and nutritional efficiency Presents a wide range of liver and gastrointestinal diseases and provides important information for additional research Associated information can be used to understand other diseases, which share common etiological pathways

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease
Author: Ronald Ross Watson,Victor R. Preedy,Sherma Zibadi
Publsiher: Academic Press
Total Pages: 1488
Release: 2013-10-26
ISBN 10: 012398467X
ISBN 13: 9780123984678
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease Book Review:

Polyphenols in Human Health and Disease documents antioxidant actions of polyphenols in protection of cells and cell organelles, critical for understanding their health-promoting actions to help the dietary supplement industry. The book begins by describing the fundamentals of absorption, metabolism and bioavailability of polyphenols, as well as the effect of microbes on polyphenol structure and function and toxicity. It then examines the role of polyphenols in the treatment of chronic disease, including vascular and cardiac health, obesity and diabetes therapy, cancer treatment and prevention, and more. Explores neuronal protection by polyphenol metabolites and their application to medical care Defines modulation of enzyme actions to help researchers see and study polyphenols’ mechanisms of action, leading to clinical applications Includes insights on polyphenols in brain and neurological functions to apply them to the wide range of aging diseases

Long Term Solutions for a Short Term World

Long Term Solutions for a Short Term World
Author: Ronald N. Harpelle,Bruce Muirhead
Publsiher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
Total Pages: 246
Release: 2011-06-14
ISBN 10: 1554582415
ISBN 13: 9781554582419
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Long Term Solutions for a Short Term World Book Review:

Long-Term Solutions for a Short-Term World demonstrates the complexity of the challenges that poor countries face and introduces the readers to the concept and impact of participatory research for development. Participatory research requires researchers to work with communities, governments, and other relevant actors to deal with common problems. Finding solutions requires participants to reflect critically on the cultural, economic, historical, political, and social contexts within which the issue under investigation exists. The book contains a collection of essays from development researchers and professionals, each of whom is an activist who has made significant contributions to the struggles of the poor in their own societies. Essays are presented as case studies and, in each, the contributor explains the specific development problem, the paths followed to solve the problem, lessons learned as a result of the research, and the development challenges on the horizon in his field of research. Together, these essays present a fascinating picture of how some of today’s most pressing development issues are being dealt with through research, demonstrating how interdisciplinary and alternative approaches can be implemented in new and innovative ways.

Medicinal Plants for Forest Conservation and Health Care

Medicinal Plants for Forest Conservation and Health Care
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publsiher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Total Pages: 158
Release: 1997
ISBN 10: 9789251040638
ISBN 13: 925104063X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Medicinal Plants for Forest Conservation and Health Care Book Review:

This volume brings together a collection of papers by some experts in medicinal plants. It is presented as a contribution to clarifying the many policy and technical issues associated with the conservation, use, production and trade of medicinal plants. This publication draws attention to the huge contribution of medicinal plants to traditional and modern health care systems, but also alert the readers on the many problems and challenges facing their sustainable development, such as: assessment and management of the medicinal plant resource base; best harvesting and processing practices; trade issues and aspects dealing with the intellectual property rights on traditional medicine by indigenous peoples. The use of this document will help raise the awareness on medicinal plants as an important forest resource, and will help ensure that medicinal plants are adequately included in forest conservation and utilization programmes.