Philosophy of Logic

Philosophy of Logic
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1218
Release: 2006-11-29
ISBN 10: 9780080466637
ISBN 13: 008046663X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Logic Book Review:

The papers presented in this volume examine topics of central interest in contemporary philosophy of logic. They include reflections on the nature of logic and its relevance for philosophy today, and explore in depth developments in informal logic and the relation of informal to symbolic logic, mathematical metatheory and the limiting metatheorems, modal logic, many-valued logic, relevance and paraconsistent logic, free logics, extensional v. intensional logics, the logic of fiction, epistemic logic, formal logical and semantic paradoxes, the concept of truth, the formal theory of entailment, objectual and substitutional interpretation of the quantifiers, infinity and domain constraints, the Löwenheim-Skolem theorem and Skolem paradox, vagueness, modal realism v. actualism, counterfactuals and the logic of causation, applications of logic and mathematics to the physical sciences, logically possible worlds and counterpart semantics, and the legacy of Hilbert’s program and logicism. The handbook is meant to be both a compendium of new work in symbolic logic and an authoritative resource for students and researchers, a book to be consulted for specific information about recent developments in logic and to be read with pleasure for its technical acumen and philosophical insights. - Written by leading logicians and philosophers - Comprehensive authoritative coverage of all major areas of contemporary research in symbolic logic - Clear, in-depth expositions of technical detail - Progressive organization from general considerations to informal to symbolic logic to nonclassical logics - Presents current work in symbolic logic within a unified framework - Accessible to students, engaging for experts and professionals - Insightful philosophical discussions of all aspects of logic - Useful bibliographies in every chapter

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic
Author: Daniel Cohnitz,Luis Estrada-González
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2019-05-16
ISBN 10: 9781107527720
ISBN 13: 1107527724
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic Book Review:

Philosophy of logic is a fundamental part of philosophical study, and one which is increasingly recognized as being immensely important in relation to many issues in metaphysics, metametaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of mathematics, and philosophy of language. This textbook provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to topics including the objectivity of logical inference rules and its relevance in discussions of epistemological relativism, the revived interest in logical pluralism, the question of logic's metaphysical neutrality, and the demarcation between logic and mathematics. Chapters in the book cover the state of the art in contemporary philosophy of logic, and allow students to understand the philosophical relevance of these debates without having to contend with complex technical arguments. This will be a major new resource for students working on logic, as well as for readers seeking a better understanding of philosophy of logic in its wider context.

Philosophical Logic

Philosophical Logic
Author: George Englebretsen,Charles Sayward
Publsiher: A&C Black
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2011-03-24
ISBN 10: 1441119116
ISBN 13: 9781441119117
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophical Logic Book Review:

Introduces students to non-classical logic, syllogistic, to quantificational and modal logic. The book includes exercises throughout and a glossary of terms and symbols.

Philosophy of Logic 2nd Edition

Philosophy of Logic  2nd Edition
Author: W. V. QUINE,W. V Quine
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 128
Release: 2009-06-30
ISBN 10: 0674042441
ISBN 13: 9780674042445
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Logic 2nd Edition Book Review:

Philosophy of Logics

Philosophy of Logics
Author: Susan Haack
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 276
Release: 1978-07-27
ISBN 10: 9780521293297
ISBN 13: 0521293294
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Logics Book Review:

Publisher Description

Philosophical Logic

Philosophical Logic
Author: Sybil Wolfram
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 290
Release: 1989
ISBN 10: 9780415023184
ISBN 13: 0415023181
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophical Logic Book Review:

A basic introduction to the subject which addresses questions of truth and meaning, providing a basis for much of what is discussed elsewhere in philosophy. Up-to-date and comprehensive.

Philosophy of Logical Systems

Philosophy of Logical Systems
Author: Jaroslav Peregrin
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2019-11-11
ISBN 10: 1000726843
ISBN 13: 9781000726848
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Logical Systems Book Review:

This book addresses the hasty development of modern logic, especially its introducing and embracing various kinds of artificial languages and moving from the study of natural languages to that of artificial ones. This shift seemed extremely helpful and managed to elevate logic to a new level of rigor and clarity. However, the change that logic underwent in this way was in no way insignificant, and it is also far from an insignificant matter to determine to what extent the "new logic" only engaged new and more powerful instruments to answer the questions posed by the "old" one, and to what extent it replaced these questions with new ones. Hence, this movement has generated brand new kinds of philosophical problems that have still not been dealt with systematically. Philosophy of Logical Systems addresses these new kinds of philosophical problems that are intertwined with the development of modern logic. Jaroslav Peregrin analyzes the rationale behind the introduction of the artificial languages of logic; classifies the various tools which were adopted to build such languages; gives an overview of the various kinds of languages introduced in the course of modern logic and the motifs of their employment; discusses what can actually be achieved by relocating the problems of logic from natural language into them; and reaches certain conclusions with respect to the possibilities and limitations of this "formal turn" of logic. This book is both an important scholarly contribution to the philosophy of logic and a systematic survey of the standard (and not so standard) logical systems that were established during the short history of modern logic.

Philosophical Logic

Philosophical Logic
Author: John P. Burgess
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2012-08-26
ISBN 10: 0691156336
ISBN 13: 9780691156330
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophical Logic Book Review:

Philosophical Logic is a clear and concise critical survey of nonclassical logics of philosophical interest written by one of the world's leading authorities on the subject. After giving an overview of classical logic, John Burgess introduces five central branches of nonclassical logic (temporal, modal, conditional, relevantistic, and intuitionistic), focusing on the sometimes problematic relationship between formal apparatus and intuitive motivation. Requiring minimal background and arranged to make the more technical material optional, the book offers a choice between an overview and in-depth study, and it balances the philosophical and technical aspects of the subject. The book emphasizes the relationship between models and the traditional goal of logic, the evaluation of arguments, and critically examines apparatus and assumptions that often are taken for granted. Philosophical Logic provides an unusually thorough treatment of conditional logic, unifying probabilistic and model-theoretic approaches. It underscores the variety of approaches that have been taken to relevantistic and related logics, and it stresses the problem of connecting formal systems to the motivating ideas behind intuitionistic mathematics. Each chapter ends with a brief guide to further reading. Philosophical Logic addresses students new to logic, philosophers working in other areas, and specialists in logic, providing both a sophisticated introduction and a new synthesis.

Philosophy of Logic 2nd Edition

Philosophy of Logic  2nd Edition
Author: W. V. QUINE,W. V Quine
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 128
Release: 2009-06-30
ISBN 10: 0674042441
ISBN 13: 9780674042445
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Logic 2nd Edition Book Review:

Philosophy of Logic Routledge Revivals

Philosophy of Logic  Routledge Revivals
Author: Hilary Putnam
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 76
Release: 2014-04-04
ISBN 10: 1317832574
ISBN 13: 9781317832577
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Logic Routledge Revivals Book Review:

First published in 1971, Professor Putnam's essay concerns itself with the ontological problem in the philosophy of logic and mathematics - that is, the issue of whether the abstract entities spoken of in logic and mathematics really exist. He also deals with the question of whether or not reference to these abstract entities is really indispensible in logic and whether it is necessary in physical science in general.

Philosophical Logic and Logical Philosophy

Philosophical Logic and Logical Philosophy
Author: P.I. Bystrov,V. Sadovsky
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 278
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9401586780
ISBN 13: 9789401586788
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophical Logic and Logical Philosophy Book Review:

Vladimir Aleksandrovich Smirnov was born on March 2, 1931. He graduated from Moscow State University in 1954. From 1957 till 1961 he was a lecturer in philosophy and logic at the Tomsk University. Since 1961 his scientific activity continued in Moscow at the Institute of Philosophy of Academy of Sciences of the USSR. From 1970 and till the last days of his life V. A. Smirnov was lecturer and then Professor at the Chair of Logic at Moscow State University. V. A. Smirnov played an important role at the Institute of Philosophy of Russian Academy of Sciences being the Head of Department of Epistemology, Logic and Philosophy of Science and Technology, and the Head of Section of Logic. Last years he was the leader of the Centre of Logical Investigations of Russsian Academy of Sciences. In 1990-91 he founded a new non-goverment Institute of Logic, Cognitive Sciences and Development of Personality for performing research, teaching, editorial and organization activity in the field of humanities. At the Department of Philosophy of Moscow State University and at the Institute of Philosophy V. A. Smirnov and his close colleagues have founded a Russian logical school which brought up many talented researchers who work at several scientific centres in various countries.

Handbook of Philosophical Logic

Handbook of Philosophical Logic
Author: Dov M. Gabbay,Franz Guenthner
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 2558
Release: 1994-09-30
ISBN 10: 9780792331001
ISBN 13: 0792331001
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Handbook of Philosophical Logic Book Review:

The Handbook of Philosophical Logic is a unique systematic survey of the central areas of philosophical logic. Divided into four volumes, each devoted to a major sub-field within the disciplines, it is expected that the Handbook will have considerable influence in the field for many years to come. Written by world authorities in philosophical logic, the work reflects careful and fruitful collaboration by the authors at every stage of the project. This has ensured a comprehensive and definitive set of articles which will be of inestimable value to general philosophers, linguists, logicians, mathematicians and computer scientists. Volume I: Elements of Classical Logic, deals with the background to what has come to be considered the standard formulation of predicate logic - both as far as its semantics and proof theory are concerned. The central chapter on predicate logic is followed by chapters outlining various alternative, but essentially equivalent ways of constructing the semantics for first-order logic as well as its proof theory. In addition, this volume contains a discussion of higher-order extensions of first-order logic and a compendium of the algorithmic and decision-theoretic prerequisites in the study of logical systems. Volume II: Extensions of Classical Logic, surveys the most significant `intensional' extensions of predicate logic and their applications to various philosophical fields of inquiry. The twelve chapters in this volume together provide a succinct introduction to a variety of intensional frameworks, a discussion of the most well-known logical systems, as well as an overview of major applications and of the open problems in the respective fields. Volume III: Alternatives to Classical Logic, consists of a series of surveys of some of the alternatives to the basic assumptions of classical logic. These include many-valued logic, partial logic, free logic, relevance and entailment logics, dialogue logic, quantum logic, and intuitionism. Volume IV: Topics in the Philosophy of Language, presents a panorama of the applications of logical tools and methods in the formal analysis of natural language. Since a number of developments in philosophical logic were originally stimulated by concern arising in the semantic analysis of natural language discourse, the chapters in this volume provide some criteria of evaluation of the applications of work in philosophical logic. In revealing both the adequacies and inadequacies of logical investigations in the semantic structures of natural discourse, these chapters also point the way to future developments in philosophical logic in general and thus close again the circle of inquiry relating logic and language.

Logic for Philosophy

Logic for Philosophy
Author: Theodore Sider
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 289
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 0199575592
ISBN 13: 9780199575596
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Logic for Philosophy Book Review:

'Logic for Philosophy' is an introduction to logic for students of contemporary philosophy. It covers basic approaches to logic, as well as extensions of standard logic and the elementary philosophy of logic.

Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics

Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics
Author: Andrew Aberdein,Matthew Inglis
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2019-05-02
ISBN 10: 1350039039
ISBN 13: 9781350039032
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics Book Review:

This book explores the results of applying empirical methods to the philosophy of logic and mathematics. Much of the work that has earned experimental philosophy a prominent place in twenty-first century philosophy is concerned with ethics or epistemology. But, as this book shows, empirical methods are just as much at home in logic and the philosophy of mathematics. Chapters demonstrate and discuss the applicability of a wide range of empirical methods including experiments, surveys, interviews, and data-mining. Distinct themes emerge that reflect recent developments in the field, such as issues concerning the logic of conditionals and the role played by visual elements in some mathematical proofs. Featuring leading figures from experimental philosophy and the fields of philosophy of logic and mathematics, this collection reveals that empirical work in these disciplines has been quietly thriving for some time and stresses the importance of collaboration between philosophers and researchers in mathematics education and mathematical cognition.

Philosophical Logic

Philosophical Logic
Author: John MacFarlane
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 238
Release: 2020-11-29
ISBN 10: 1351733567
ISBN 13: 9781351733564
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophical Logic Book Review:

Introductory logic is generally taught as a straightforward technical discipline. In this book, John MacFarlane helps the reader think about the limitations of, presuppositions of, and alternatives to classical first-order predicate logic, making this an ideal introduction to philosophical logic for any student who already has completed an introductory logic course. The book explores the following questions. Are there quantificational idioms that cannot be expressed with the familiar universal and existential quantifiers? How can logic be extended to capture modal notions like necessity and obligation? Does the material conditional adequately capture the meaning of 'if'—and if not, what are the alternatives? Should logical consequence be understood in terms of models or in terms of proofs? Can one intelligibly question the validity of basic logical principles like Modus Ponens or Double Negation Elimination? Is the fact that classical logic validates the inference from a contradiction to anything a flaw, and if so, how can logic be modified to repair it? How, exactly, is logic related to reasoning? Must classical logic be revised in order to be applied to vague language, and if so how? Each chapter is organized around suggested readings and includes exercises designed to deepen the reader's understanding. Key Features: An integrated treatment of the technical and philosophical issues comprising philosophical logic Designed to serve students taking only one course in logic beyond the introductory level Provides tools and concepts necessary to understand work in many areas of analytic philosophy Includes exercises, suggested readings, and suggestions for further exploration in each chapter

The Logic in Philosophy of Science

The Logic in Philosophy of Science
Author: Hans Halvorson
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 286
Release: 2019-06-30
ISBN 10: 1107110998
ISBN 13: 9781107110991
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Logic in Philosophy of Science Book Review:

Major figures of twentieth-century philosophy were enthralled by the revolution in formal logic, and many of their arguments are based on novel mathematical discoveries. Hilary Putnam claimed that the Lwenheim-Sklem theorem refutes the existence of an objective, observer-independent world; Bas van Fraassen claimed that arguments against empiricism in philosophy of science are ineffective against a semantic approach to scientific theories; W. V. O. Quine claimed that the distinction between analytic and synthetic truths is trivialized by the fact that any theory can be reduced to one in which all truths are analytic. This book dissects these and other arguments through in-depth investigation of the mathematical facts undergirding them. It presents a systematic, mathematically rigorous account of the key notions arising from such debates, including theory, equivalence, translation, reduction, and model. The result is a far-reaching reconceptualization of the role of formal methods in answering philosophical questions.

Possible Worlds

Possible Worlds
Author: Raymond Bradley,Norman Swartz
Publsiher: Indianapolis : Hackett Publishing Company
Total Pages: 391
Release: 1979-01-01
ISBN 10: 9780915144594
ISBN 13: 091514459X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Possible Worlds Book Review:

Sermons by a noted German theologian discuss what the Bible says about freedom, political power, fear, unity, and human rights

New Waves in Philosophical Logic

New Waves in Philosophical Logic
Author: G. Restall,G. Russell
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 244
Release: 2012-07-31
ISBN 10: 1137003723
ISBN 13: 9781137003720
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

New Waves in Philosophical Logic Book Review:

Philosophical logic has been, and continues to be, a driving force behind much progress and development in philosophy more broadly. This collection by up-and-coming philosophical logicians deals with a broad range of topics, including, for example, proof-theory, probability, context-sensitivity, dialetheism and dynamic semantics.

On the Philosophy of Logic

On the Philosophy of Logic
Author: Jennifer Fisher
Publsiher: Nelson Education
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2007-08-06
ISBN 10: 1111796971
ISBN 13: 9781111796976
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

On the Philosophy of Logic Book Review:

Jennifer Fisher’s ON THE PHILOSOPHY OF LOGIC explores questions about logic often overlooked by philosophers. Which of the many different logics available to us is right? How would we know? What makes a logic right in the first place? Is logic really a good guide to human reasoning? An ideal companion text for any course in symbolic logic, this lively and accessible book explains important logical concepts, introduces classical logic and its problems and alternatives, and reveals the rich and interesting philosophical issues that arise in exploring the fundamentals of logic. THE WADSWORTH PHILOSOPHICAL TOPICS SERIES (under the general editorship of Robert Talisse, Vanderbilt University) presents readers with concise, timely, and insightful introductions to a variety of traditional and contemporary philosophical subjects. With this series, students of philosophy will be able to discover the richness of philosophical inquiry across a wide array of concepts, including hallmark philosophical themes and themes typically underrepresented in mainstream philosophy publishing. Written by a distinguished list of scholars who have garnered particular recognition for their excellence in teaching, this series presents the vast sweep of today’s philosophical exploration in highly accessible and affordable volumes. These books will prove valuable to philosophy teachers and their students as well as to other readers who share a general interest in philosophy. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Grammar Philosophy and Logic

Grammar  Philosophy  and Logic
Author: Bruce Silver
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2017-11-21
ISBN 10: 3319662570
ISBN 13: 9783319662572
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Grammar Philosophy and Logic Book Review:

This book argues that a basic grasp of philosophy and logic can produce written and spoken material that is both grammatically correct and powerful. The author analyses errors in grammar, word choice, phrasing and sentences that even the finest writers can fail to notice; concentrating on subtle missteps and errors that can make the difference between good and excellent prose. Each chapter addresses how common words and long-established grammatical rules are often misused or ignored altogether – including such common words as ‘interesting’, ‘possible’, and ‘apparent’. By tackling language in this way, the author provides an illuminating and practical stylistic guide that will interest students and scholars of grammar and philosophy, as well as readers looking to improve their technical writing skills.