An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic
Author: Daniel Cohnitz,Luis Estrada-González
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 272
Release: 2019-05-16
ISBN 10: 9781107527720
ISBN 13: 1107527724
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

An Introduction to the Philosophy of Logic Book Review:

Philosophy of logic is a fundamental part of philosophical study, and one which is increasingly recognized as being immensely important in relation to many issues in metaphysics, metametaphysics, epistemology, philosophy of mathematics, and philosophy of language. This textbook provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to topics including the objectivity of logical inference rules and its relevance in discussions of epistemological relativism, the revived interest in logical pluralism, the question of logic's metaphysical neutrality, and the demarcation between logic and mathematics. Chapters in the book cover the state of the art in contemporary philosophy of logic, and allow students to understand the philosophical relevance of these debates without having to contend with complex technical arguments. This will be a major new resource for students working on logic, as well as for readers seeking a better understanding of philosophy of logic in its wider context.

Philosophical Logic

Philosophical Logic
Author: John MacFarlane
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 258
Release: 2020-11-29
ISBN 10: 1351733567
ISBN 13: 9781351733564
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophical Logic Book Review:

Introductory logic is generally taught as a straightforward technical discipline. In this book, John MacFarlane helps the reader think about the limitations of, presuppositions of, and alternatives to classical first-order predicate logic, making this an ideal introduction to philosophical logic for any student who already has completed an introductory logic course. The book explores the following questions. Are there quantificational idioms that cannot be expressed with the familiar universal and existential quantifiers? How can logic be extended to capture modal notions like necessity and obligation? Does the material conditional adequately capture the meaning of 'if'—and if not, what are the alternatives? Should logical consequence be understood in terms of models or in terms of proofs? Can one intelligibly question the validity of basic logical principles like Modus Ponens or Double Negation Elimination? Is the fact that classical logic validates the inference from a contradiction to anything a flaw, and if so, how can logic be modified to repair it? How, exactly, is logic related to reasoning? Must classical logic be revised in order to be applied to vague language, and if so how? Each chapter is organized around suggested readings and includes exercises designed to deepen the reader's understanding. Key Features: An integrated treatment of the technical and philosophical issues comprising philosophical logic Designed to serve students taking only one course in logic beyond the introductory level Provides tools and concepts necessary to understand work in many areas of analytic philosophy Includes exercises, suggested readings, and suggestions for further exploration in each chapter

Philosophy of Logic

Philosophy of Logic
Author: W. V. Quine
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 109
Release: 1986-06-06
ISBN 10: 9780674665637
ISBN 13: 0674665635
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Logic Book Review:

1 Meaning and Truth Objection to propositions Propositions as information Diffuseness of empirical meaning Propositions dismissed Truth and semantic ascent Tokens and eternal sentences 2 Grammar Grammar by recursion Categories Immanence and transcendence Grammarian's goal reexamined Logical grammar Redundant devices Names and functors Lexicon, particle, and name Criterion of lexicon Time, events, adverbs Attitudes and modality 3 Truth Truth and satisfaction Satisfaction by sequences Tarski's definition of truth Paradox in the object language Resolution in set theory 4 Logical Truth In terms of structure In terms of substitution In terms of models Adequacy of substituteon In terms of proof In terms of grammar 5 The Scope of Logic Affinities of identity Identity reduced Set theory Set theory in sheep's clothing Logic in wolf's clothing Scope of the virtual theory Simulated class quantification Other simulated quantification Annexes 6 Deviant Login Change of logic, change of subject Logic in translation Law of excluded middle Debate about the dichotomy Intuitionism Branched quantifiers Substitutional quantification Its strength 7 The Ground of Logical Truth The semblance of a theory An untenable dualism The place of logic For Further Reading Index.

Philosophy of Logic

Philosophy of Logic
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 1218
Release: 2006-11-29
ISBN 10: 9780080466637
ISBN 13: 008046663X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Logic Book Review:

The papers presented in this volume examine topics of central interest in contemporary philosophy of logic. They include reflections on the nature of logic and its relevance for philosophy today, and explore in depth developments in informal logic and the relation of informal to symbolic logic, mathematical metatheory and the limiting metatheorems, modal logic, many-valued logic, relevance and paraconsistent logic, free logics, extensional v. intensional logics, the logic of fiction, epistemic logic, formal logical and semantic paradoxes, the concept of truth, the formal theory of entailment, objectual and substitutional interpretation of the quantifiers, infinity and domain constraints, the Löwenheim-Skolem theorem and Skolem paradox, vagueness, modal realism v. actualism, counterfactuals and the logic of causation, applications of logic and mathematics to the physical sciences, logically possible worlds and counterpart semantics, and the legacy of Hilbert’s program and logicism. The handbook is meant to be both a compendium of new work in symbolic logic and an authoritative resource for students and researchers, a book to be consulted for specific information about recent developments in logic and to be read with pleasure for its technical acumen and philosophical insights. - Written by leading logicians and philosophers - Comprehensive authoritative coverage of all major areas of contemporary research in symbolic logic - Clear, in-depth expositions of technical detail - Progressive organization from general considerations to informal to symbolic logic to nonclassical logics - Presents current work in symbolic logic within a unified framework - Accessible to students, engaging for experts and professionals - Insightful philosophical discussions of all aspects of logic - Useful bibliographies in every chapter

Philosophical Logic

Philosophical Logic
Author: George Englebretsen,Charles Sayward
Publsiher: A&C Black
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2011-03-24
ISBN 10: 1441119116
ISBN 13: 9781441119117
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophical Logic Book Review:

Introduces students to non-classical logic, syllogistic, to quantificational and modal logic. The book includes exercises throughout and a glossary of terms and symbols.

Logic for Philosophy

Logic for Philosophy
Author: Theodore Sider
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 289
Release: 2010
ISBN 10: 0199575592
ISBN 13: 9780199575596
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Logic for Philosophy Book Review:

'Logic for Philosophy' is an introduction to logic for students of contemporary philosophy. It covers basic approaches to logic, as well as extensions of standard logic and the elementary philosophy of logic.

Philosophical Logic

Philosophical Logic
Author: Sybil Wolfram
Publsiher: Psychology Press
Total Pages: 290
Release: 1989
ISBN 10: 9780415023184
ISBN 13: 0415023181
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophical Logic Book Review:

A basic introduction to the subject which addresses questions of truth and meaning, providing a basis for much of what is discussed elsewhere in philosophy. Up-to-date and comprehensive.

Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics

Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics
Author: Andrew Aberdein,Matthew Inglis
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 296
Release: 2019-05-02
ISBN 10: 1350039039
ISBN 13: 9781350039032
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Advances in Experimental Philosophy of Logic and Mathematics Book Review:

This book explores the results of applying empirical methods to the philosophy of logic and mathematics. Much of the work that has earned experimental philosophy a prominent place in twenty-first century philosophy is concerned with ethics or epistemology. But, as this book shows, empirical methods are just as much at home in logic and the philosophy of mathematics. Chapters demonstrate and discuss the applicability of a wide range of empirical methods including experiments, surveys, interviews, and data-mining. Distinct themes emerge that reflect recent developments in the field, such as issues concerning the logic of conditionals and the role played by visual elements in some mathematical proofs. Featuring leading figures from experimental philosophy and the fields of philosophy of logic and mathematics, this collection reveals that empirical work in these disciplines has been quietly thriving for some time and stresses the importance of collaboration between philosophers and researchers in mathematics education and mathematical cognition.

Philosophical Logic

Philosophical Logic
Author: John P. Burgess
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 168
Release: 2012-08-26
ISBN 10: 0691156336
ISBN 13: 9780691156330
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophical Logic Book Review:

Philosophical Logic is a clear and concise critical survey of nonclassical logics of philosophical interest written by one of the world's leading authorities on the subject. After giving an overview of classical logic, John Burgess introduces five central branches of nonclassical logic (temporal, modal, conditional, relevantistic, and intuitionistic), focusing on the sometimes problematic relationship between formal apparatus and intuitive motivation. Requiring minimal background and arranged to make the more technical material optional, the book offers a choice between an overview and in-depth study, and it balances the philosophical and technical aspects of the subject. The book emphasizes the relationship between models and the traditional goal of logic, the evaluation of arguments, and critically examines apparatus and assumptions that often are taken for granted. Philosophical Logic provides an unusually thorough treatment of conditional logic, unifying probabilistic and model-theoretic approaches. It underscores the variety of approaches that have been taken to relevantistic and related logics, and it stresses the problem of connecting formal systems to the motivating ideas behind intuitionistic mathematics. Each chapter ends with a brief guide to further reading. Philosophical Logic addresses students new to logic, philosophers working in other areas, and specialists in logic, providing both a sophisticated introduction and a new synthesis.

Philosophy of Logic Routledge Revivals

Philosophy of Logic  Routledge Revivals
Author: Hilary Putnam
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 76
Release: 2014-04-04
ISBN 10: 1317832574
ISBN 13: 9781317832577
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Logic Routledge Revivals Book Review:

First published in 1971, Professor Putnam's essay concerns itself with the ontological problem in the philosophy of logic and mathematics - that is, the issue of whether the abstract entities spoken of in logic and mathematics really exist. He also deals with the question of whether or not reference to these abstract entities is really indispensible in logic and whether it is necessary in physical science in general.

Philosophy of Logics

Philosophy of Logics
Author: Susan Haack
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 276
Release: 1978-07-27
ISBN 10: 9780521293297
ISBN 13: 0521293294
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Logics Book Review:

Publisher Description

Philosophical and Mathematical Logic

Philosophical and Mathematical Logic
Author: Harrie de Swart
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 539
Release: 2018-11-28
ISBN 10: 3030032558
ISBN 13: 9783030032555
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophical and Mathematical Logic Book Review:

This book was written to serve as an introduction to logic, with in each chapter – if applicable – special emphasis on the interplay between logic and philosophy, mathematics, language and (theoretical) computer science. The reader will not only be provided with an introduction to classical logic, but to philosophical (modal, epistemic, deontic, temporal) and intuitionistic logic as well. The first chapter is an easy to read non-technical Introduction to the topics in the book. The next chapters are consecutively about Propositional Logic, Sets (finite and infinite), Predicate Logic, Arithmetic and Gödel’s Incompleteness Theorems, Modal Logic, Philosophy of Language, Intuitionism and Intuitionistic Logic, Applications (Prolog; Relational Databases and SQL; Social Choice Theory, in particular Majority Judgment) and finally, Fallacies and Unfair Discussion Methods. Throughout the text, the author provides some impressions of the historical development of logic: Stoic and Aristotelian logic, logic in the Middle Ages and Frege's Begriffsschrift, together with the works of George Boole (1815-1864) and August De Morgan (1806-1871), the origin of modern logic. Since "if ..., then ..." can be considered to be the heart of logic, throughout this book much attention is paid to conditionals: material, strict and relevant implication, entailment, counterfactuals and conversational implicature are treated and many references for further reading are given. Each chapter is concluded with answers to the exercises.

Grammar Philosophy and Logic

Grammar  Philosophy  and Logic
Author: Bruce Silver
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 208
Release: 2017-11-21
ISBN 10: 3319662570
ISBN 13: 9783319662572
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Grammar Philosophy and Logic Book Review:

This book argues that a basic grasp of philosophy and logic can produce written and spoken material that is both grammatically correct and powerful. The author analyses errors in grammar, word choice, phrasing and sentences that even the finest writers can fail to notice; concentrating on subtle missteps and errors that can make the difference between good and excellent prose. Each chapter addresses how common words and long-established grammatical rules are often misused or ignored altogether – including such common words as ‘interesting’, ‘possible’, and ‘apparent’. By tackling language in this way, the author provides an illuminating and practical stylistic guide that will interest students and scholars of grammar and philosophy, as well as readers looking to improve their technical writing skills.

Topics in Philosophical Logic

Topics in Philosophical Logic
Author: N. Rescher
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 347
Release: 2013-03-09
ISBN 10: 9401735468
ISBN 13: 9789401735469
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Topics in Philosophical Logic Book Review:

The aim of the book is to introduce the reader to some new areas oflogic which have yet to find their way into the bulk of modern logic books written from the more orthodox direction of the mainstream of develop ments. Such a work seems to me much needed, both because of the in trinsic value and increasing prominence of the nonstandard sector of logic, and because this particular sector is of the greatest interest from the standpoint of philosophical implications and applications. This book unites a series of studies in philosophical logic, drawing for the most part on material which I have contributed to the journal liter ature of the subject over the past ten years. Despite the fact that some of these essays have been published in various journals at different times, they possess a high degree of thematic and methodological unity. All of these studies deal with material of substantial current interest in philo sophical logic and embody a fusion of the modern techniques of logical and linguistic-philosophical analysis for the exploration of areas of logic that are of substantial philosophical relevance.

Philosophical Logic and Artificial Intelligence

Philosophical Logic and Artificial Intelligence
Author: Richmond H. Thomason
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 222
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9400924488
ISBN 13: 9789400924482
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophical Logic and Artificial Intelligence Book Review:

cians concerned with using logical tools in philosophy have been keenly aware of the limitations that arise from the original con centration of symbolic logic on the idiom of mathematics, and many of them have worked to create extensions of the received logical theories that would make them more generally applicable in philosophy. Carnap's Testability and Meaning, published in 1936 and 1937, was a good early example of this sort of research, motivated by the inadequacy of first-order formalizations of dis 'This sugar cube is soluble in water'. positional sentences like And in fact there is a continuous history of work on this topic, extending from Carnap's paper to Shoham's contribution to the present volume . . Much of the work in philosophical logic, and much of what has appeared in The Journal of Philosophical Logic, was mo tivated by similar considerations: work in modal logic (includ ing tense, deontic, and epistemic logic), intensional logics, non declaratives, presuppositions, and many other topics. In this sort of research, sin.ce the main point is to devise new formalisms, the technical development tends to be rather shallow in comparison with mathematical logic, though it is sel dom absent: theorems need to be proved in order to justify the formalisms, and sometimes these are nontrivial. On the other hand, much effort has to go into motivating a logical innovation.

The Bloomsbury Companion to Philosophical Logic

The Bloomsbury Companion to Philosophical Logic
Author: Leon Horsten,Richard Pettigrew
Publsiher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Total Pages: 656
Release: 2014-09-25
ISBN 10: 1472528298
ISBN 13: 9781472528292
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Bloomsbury Companion to Philosophical Logic Book Review:

Logical methods are used in all area of philosophy. By introducing and advancing central to topics in the discipline, The Bloomsbury Companion to Philosophical Logic emphasizes the crucial role logic plays in understanding philosophical problems. Covering stages in the history of logic and of modern logic, this comprehensive Companion looks ahead to new areas of research and explores issues pertaining to classical logic and its rivals, semantics for parts of natural language, and the application of logic in the theory of rationality. Experts in the field provide a mix of technical chapters that offer excellent encyclopaedias of results in the area and chapters of philosophical discussions that survey a range of philosophical positions. To facilitate further study, this volumes also includes a series of research tools such as a detailed index, an up-to-date list of resources and an annotated bibliography. Balancing technical exposition with philosophical discussion, The Bloomsbury Companion to Philosophical Logic not only provides students and lecturers with the basis of a course in philosophical logic, it offers anyone working in this key area of contemporary philosophy a valuable research resource.

On the Philosophy of Logic

On the Philosophy of Logic
Author: Jennifer Fisher
Publsiher: Cengage Learning
Total Pages: 240
Release: 2007-08-06
ISBN 10: 9780495008880
ISBN 13: 0495008885
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

On the Philosophy of Logic Book Review:

Jennifer Fisher's ON THE PHILOSOPHY OF LOGIC explores questions about logic often overlooked by philosophers. Which of the many different logics available to us is right? How would we know? What makes a logic right in the first place? Is logic really a good guide to human reasoning? An ideal companion text for any course in symbolic logic, this lively and accessible book explains important logical concepts, introduces classical logic and its problems and alternatives, and reveals the rich and interesting philosophical issues that arise in exploring the fundamentals of logic. THE WADSWORTH PHILOSOPHICAL TOPICS SERIES (under the general editorship of Robert Talisse, Vanderbilt University) presents readers with concise, timely, and insightful introductions to a variety of traditional and contemporary philosophical subjects. With this series, students of philosophy will be able to discover the richness of philosophical inquiry across a wide array of concepts, including hallmark philosophical themes and themes typically underrepresented in mainstream philosophy publishing. Written by a distinguished list of scholars who have garnered particular recognition for their excellence in teaching, this series presents the vast sweep of today's philosophical exploration in highly accessible and affordable volumes. These books will prove valuable to philosophy teachers and their students as well as to other readers who share a general interest in philosophy. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Philosophy of Logical Systems

Philosophy of Logical Systems
Author: Jaroslav Peregrin
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 198
Release: 2019-11-11
ISBN 10: 1000726843
ISBN 13: 9781000726848
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Logical Systems Book Review:

This book addresses the hasty development of modern logic, especially its introducing and embracing various kinds of artificial languages and moving from the study of natural languages to that of artificial ones. This shift seemed extremely helpful and managed to elevate logic to a new level of rigor and clarity. However, the change that logic underwent in this way was in no way insignificant, and it is also far from an insignificant matter to determine to what extent the "new logic" only engaged new and more powerful instruments to answer the questions posed by the "old" one, and to what extent it replaced these questions with new ones. Hence, this movement has generated brand new kinds of philosophical problems that have still not been dealt with systematically. Philosophy of Logical Systems addresses these new kinds of philosophical problems that are intertwined with the development of modern logic. Jaroslav Peregrin analyzes the rationale behind the introduction of the artificial languages of logic; classifies the various tools which were adopted to build such languages; gives an overview of the various kinds of languages introduced in the course of modern logic and the motifs of their employment; discusses what can actually be achieved by relocating the problems of logic from natural language into them; and reaches certain conclusions with respect to the possibilities and limitations of this "formal turn" of logic. This book is both an important scholarly contribution to the philosophy of logic and a systematic survey of the standard (and not so standard) logical systems that were established during the short history of modern logic.

Aspects of Philosophical Logic

Aspects of Philosophical Logic
Author: Uwe Mönnich
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 290
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9400983840
ISBN 13: 9789400983847
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Aspects of Philosophical Logic Book Review:

This volume constitutes the Proceedings of a workshop on formal seman tics of natural languages which was held in Tiibingen from the 1st to the 3rd of December 1977. Its main body consists of revised versions of most of the papers presented on that occasion. Three supplementary papers (those by Gabbay and Sma by) are included because they seem to be of particular interest in their respective fields. The area covered by the work of scholars engaged in philosophical logic and the formal analysis of natural languages testifies to the live liness in those disciplines. It would have been impossible to aim at a complete documentation of relevant research within the limits imposed by a short conference whereas concentration on a single topic would have conveyed the false impression of uniformity foreign to a young and active field. It is hoped that the essays collected in this volume strike a reasonable balance between the two extremes. The topics discussed here certainly belong to the most important ones enjoying the attention of linguists and philosophers alike: the analysis of tense in formal and natural languages (van Benthem, Gabbay), the quickly expanding domain of generalized quantifiers (Goldblatt), the problem of vagueness (Kamp), the connected areas of pronominal reference (Smaby) and presupposition (von Stechow) and, last but not least, modal logic as a sort of all-embracing theoretical framework (Bressan). The workshop which led to this collection formed part of the activities celebrating the 500th anniversary of Tiibingen University.

Plato s Logic

Plato s Logic
Author: Tommi Juhani Hanhijärvi
Publsiher: Rowman & Littlefield
Total Pages: 224
Release: 2019-03-22
ISBN 10: 0761870903
ISBN 13: 9780761870906
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Plato s Logic Book Review:

Plato’s Logic analyzes thirteen Platonic works, but it focuses on five of them because these instance the logic most completely. The logic is found to be uniform throughout Plato’s corpus, so it does not evolve after its genesis as a revision of Heraclitus.