Philosophy of Biology

Philosophy of Biology
Author: Peter Godfrey-Smith
Publsiher: Princeton University Press
Total Pages: 200
Release: 2016-09-06
ISBN 10: 0691174679
ISBN 13: 9780691174679
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Biology Book Review:

This is a concise, comprehensive, and accessible introduction to the philosophy of biology written by a leading authority on the subject. Geared to philosophers, biologists, and students of both, the book provides sophisticated and innovative coverage of the central topics and many of the latest developments in the field. Emphasizing connections between biological theories and other areas of philosophy, and carefully explaining both philosophical and biological terms, Peter Godfrey-Smith discusses the relation between philosophy and science; examines the role of laws, mechanistic explanation, and idealized models in biological theories; describes evolution by natural selection; and assesses attempts to extend Darwin's mechanism to explain changes in ideas, culture, and other phenomena. Further topics include functions and teleology, individuality and organisms, species, the tree of life, and human nature. The book closes with detailed, cutting-edge treatments of the evolution of cooperation, of information in biology, and of the role of communication in living systems at all scales. Authoritative and up-to-date, this is an essential guide for anyone interested in the important philosophical issues raised by the biological sciences.

Philosophy Of Biology

Philosophy Of Biology
Author: Elliott Sober
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 256
Release: 2018-03-05
ISBN 10: 0429963424
ISBN 13: 9780429963421
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy Of Biology Book Review:

Perhaps because of it implications for our understanding of human nature, recent philosophy of biology has seen what might be the most dramatic work in the philosophies of the ?special? sciences. This drama has centered on evolutionary theory, and in the second edition of this textbook, Elliott Sober introduces the reader to the most important issues of these developments. With a rare combination of technical sophistication and clarity of expression, Sober engages both the higher level of theory and the direct implications for such controversial issues as creationism, teleology, nature versus nurture, and sociobiology. Above all, the reader will gain from this book a firm grasp of the structure of evolutionary theory, the evidence for it, and the scope of its explanatory significance.

Philosophy of Biology

Philosophy of Biology
Author: Brian Garvey
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 320
Release: 2014-12-05
ISBN 10: 1317493664
ISBN 13: 9781317493662
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Biology Book Review:

This major new series in the philosophy of science aims to provide a new generation of textbooks for the subject. The series will not only offer fresh treatments of core topics in the theory and methodology of scientific knowledge, but also introductions to newer areas of the discipline. Furthermore, the series will cover topics in current science that raise significant foundational issues both for scientific theory and for philosophy more generally. Biology raises distinct questions of its own not only for philosophy of science, but for metaphysics, epistemology and ethics. This comprehensive new textbook for a rapidly growing field of study provides students new to the subject with an up-to-date presentation of the key philosophical issues. Care is taken throughout to keep the technicalities accessible to the non-biologist but without sacrificing the philosophical subtleties. The first part of the book covers the philosophical challenges posed by evolution and evolutionary biology, beginning with Darwin's central argument in the Origin of the Species. Individual chapters cover natural selection, the selfish gene, alternative units of selection, developmental systems theory, adaptionism and issues in macroevolution. The second part of the book examines philosophical questions arising in connection with biological traits, function, nature and nurture, and biological kinds. The third part of the book examines metaphysical questions, biology's relation with the traditional concerns of philosophy of science, and how evolution has been introduced into epistemological debates. The final part considers the relevance of biology to questions about ethics, religion and human nature.

Philosophy of Biology Before Biology

Philosophy of Biology Before Biology
Author: Cécilia Bognon-Küss,Charles T. Wolfe
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 220
Release: 2019-02-11
ISBN 10: 1317227557
ISBN 13: 9781317227557
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Biology Before Biology Book Review:

The use of the term "biology" to refer to a unified science of life emerged around 1800 (most prominently by scientists such as Lamarck and Treviranus, although scholarship has indicated its usage at least 30-40 years earlier). The interplay between philosophy and natural science has also accompanied the constitution of biology as a science. Philosophy of Biology Before Biology examines biological and protobiological writings from the mid-eighteenth century to the early nineteenth century (from Buffon to Cuvier; Kant to Oken; and Kielmeyer) with two major sets of questions in mind: What were the distinctive conceptual features of the move toward biology as a science? What were the relations and differences between the "philosophical" focus on the nature of living entities, and the "scientific" focus? This insightful volume produces a fresh but also systematic perspective both on the history of biology as a science and on the early versions of, in the 1960s in a post-positivist context, the philosophy of biology. It will appeal to students and researchers interested in fields such as history of science, philosophy of science and biology.

The Philosophy of Biology

The Philosophy of Biology
Author: Kostas Kampourakis
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 762
Release: 2013-06-18
ISBN 10: 9400765371
ISBN 13: 9789400765375
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Philosophy of Biology Book Review:

This book brings together for the first time philosophers of biology to write about some of the most central concepts and issues in their field from the perspective of biology education. The chapters of the book cover a variety of topics ranging from traditional ones, such as biological explanation, biology and religion or biology and ethics, to contemporary ones, such as genomics, systems biology or evolutionary developmental biology. Each of the 30 chapters covers the respective philosophical literature in detail and makes specific suggestions for biology education. The aim of this book is to inform biology educators, undergraduate and graduate students in biology and related fields, students in teacher training programs, and curriculum developers about the current state of discussion on the major topics in the philosophy of biology and its implications for teaching biology. In addition, the book can be valuable to philosophers of biology as an introductory text in undergraduate and graduate courses.

Philosophy of Biology

Philosophy of Biology
Author: Anonim
Publsiher: Elsevier
Total Pages: 638
Release: 2007-02-05
ISBN 10: 9780080471242
ISBN 13: 0080471242
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Biology Book Review:

Philosophy of Biology is a rapidly expanding field. It is concerned with explanatory concepts in evolution, genetics, and ecology. This collection of 25 essays by leading researchers provides an overview of the state of the field. These essays are wholly new; none of them could have been written even ten years ago. They demonstrate how philosophical analysis has been able to contribute to sometimes contested areas of scientific theory making. -Written by internationally acknowledged leaders in the field - Entries make original contributions as well as summarizing state of the art discoveries in the field - Easy to read and understand

Philosophy of Evolutionary Biology

Philosophy of Evolutionary Biology
Author: Stefan Linquist
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 616
Release: 2017-03-02
ISBN 10: 135191135X
ISBN 13: 9781351911351
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Evolutionary Biology Book Review:

The impact of evolutionary theory on the philosophy of science has been no less profound than its impact on the science of biology itself. Advances in this theory provide a rich set of examples for thinking about the nature of scientific explanation and the structure of science. Many of the developments in our understanding of evolution resulted from contributions by both philosophers and biologists engaging over theoretical questions of mutual interest. This volume traces some of the most influential exchanges in this field over the last few decades. Focal topics include the nature of biological functions, adaptationism as an explanatory and methodological doctrine, the levels of selection debate, the concepts of fitness and drift, and the relationship of evolutionary to developmental biology.

The Philosophy of Biology

The Philosophy of Biology
Author: Marjorie Grene,David Depew
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 329
Release: 2004-08-02
ISBN 10: 1316582736
ISBN 13: 9781316582732
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Philosophy of Biology Book Review:

Is life different from the non-living? If so, how? And how, in that case, does biology as the study of living things differ from other sciences? These questions are traced through an exploration of episodes in the history of biology and philosophy. The book begins with Aristotle, then moves on to Descartes, comparing his position with that of Harvey. In the eighteenth century the authors consider Buffon and Kant. In the nineteenth century the authors examine the Cuvier-Geoffroy debate, pre-Darwinian geology and natural theology, Darwin and the transition from Darwin to the revival of Mendelism. Two chapters deal with the evolutionary synthesis and such questions as the species problem, the reducibility or otherwise of biology to physics and chemistry, and the problem of biological explanation in terms of function and teleology. The final chapters reflect on the implications of the philosophy of biology for philosophy of science in general.

Philosophy of Science for Biologists

Philosophy of Science for Biologists
Author: Kostas Kampourakis,Tobias Uller
Publsiher: Cambridge University Press
Total Pages: 275
Release: 2020-07-31
ISBN 10: 1108491839
ISBN 13: 9781108491839
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Science for Biologists Book Review:

A short and accessible introduction to philosophy of science for students and researchers across the life sciences.

Philosophy of Biology Today

Philosophy of Biology Today
Author: Lucyle T Werkmeister Professor of Philosophy and Director of the Program in the History and Philosophy of Science Michael Ruse,Robert J. Richards,Michael Ruse
Publsiher: SUNY Press
Total Pages: 155
Release: 1988-01-01
ISBN 10: 9780887069109
ISBN 13: 088706910X
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Biology Today Book Review:

"As molecular biologists peer ever more deeply into life's mysteries, there are those who fear that such 'reductionism' conceals more than it reveals, and there are those who complain that the new techniques threaten the physical safety of us all. As students of evolution apply their understanding to our own species, some people think that this is merely an excuse for racist and sexist propaganda, and others worry that the whole exercise blatantly violates the religious beliefs many hold dear. These controversies are the joint concerns of biologists and philosophers--of those whose task it is to study the theoretical and moral foundations of knowledge"--From publisher description.

Philosophy of Biology

Philosophy of Biology
Author: Alex Rosenberg,Robert Arp
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 464
Release: 2009-05-04
ISBN 10: 1405183179
ISBN 13: 9781405183178
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Biology Book Review:

By combining excerpts from key historical writings with editors’ introductions and further reading material, Philosophy of Biology: An Anthology offers a comprehensive, accessible, and up-to-date collection of the field’s most significant works. Addresses central questions such as ‘What is life?’ and ‘How did it begin?’, and the most current research and arguments on evolution and developmental biology Editorial notes throughout the text define, clarify, and qualify ideas, concepts and arguments Includes material on evolutionary psychology and evolutionary developmental biology not found in other standard philosophy of biology anthologies Further reading material assists novices in delving deeper into research in philosophy of biology

The Philosophy of Biology

The Philosophy of Biology
Author: David L. Hull
Publsiher: Unknown
Total Pages: 772
Release: 1998
ISBN 10:
ISBN 13: UOM:39015040165378
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

The Philosophy of Biology Book Review:

The aim of this series is to bring together important recent writings in major areas of philosophical inquiry, selected from a variety of sources, mostly periodicals, which may not be conveniently available to the university student or the general reader. The editors of each volume contribute an introductory essay on the items chosen and on the questions with which they deal. A selective bibliography is appended as a guide to further reading. The philosophy of biology today is one of the most exciting areas in philosophical inquiry. Drawing on work of the past decade, this volume brings together articles from the philosophy, history, and sociology of science, as well as many branches of the biological sciences, to consider issues including the nature of evolutionary theory, biology and ethics, the challenge from religion, and the social implications of biology today (in particular the Human Genome Project). The 36 articles in this collection are divided into 10 parts, each with an introduction by the editors. Spanning issues from epistemology across to ethics, the volume delves into the latest theoretical controversies as well as burning questions of contemporary social importance. Throughout the volume an attempt is made to offer positions from different perspectives, so that the reader will be challenged as well as informed. The Philosophy of Biology will be essential and fascinating reading for students of philosophy and biology as well as the general reader with an interest in the natural sciences and evolution.

Biological Identity

Biological Identity
Author: Anne Sophie Meincke,John Dupré
Publsiher: Routledge
Total Pages: 336
Release: 2020-08-26
ISBN 10: 1351066366
ISBN 13: 9781351066365
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Biological Identity Book Review:

Analytic metaphysics has recently discovered biology as a means of grounding metaphysical theories. This has resulted in long-standing metaphysical puzzles, such as the problems of personal identity and material constitution, being increasingly addressed by appeal to a biological understanding of identity. This development within metaphysics is in significant tension with the growing tendency amongst philosophers of biology to regard biological identity as a deep puzzle in its own right, especially following recent advances in our understanding of symbiosis, the evolution of multi-cellular organisms and the inherently dynamical character of living systems. Moreover, and building on these biological insights, the broadly substance ontological framework of metaphysical theories of biological identity appears problematic to a growing number of philosophers of biology who invoke process ontology instead. This volume addresses this tension, exploring to what extent it can be dissolved. For this purpose, the volume presents the first selection of essays exclusively focused on biological identity and written by experts in metaphysics, the philosophy of biology and biology. The resulting cross-disciplinary dialogue paves the way for a convincing account of biological identity that is both metaphysically constructive and scientifically informed, and will be of interest to metaphysicians, philosophers of biology and theoretical biologists.

What the Philosophy of Biology Is

What the Philosophy of Biology Is
Author: M. Ruse
Publsiher: Springer
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2011-09-26
ISBN 10: 9789401070201
ISBN 13: 9401070202
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

What the Philosophy of Biology Is Book Review:

Philosophers of science frequently bemoan (or cheer) the fact that today, with the supposed collapse of logical empiricism, there are now ;;10 grand systems. However, although this mayor may not be true, and if true mayor may not be a cause for delight, no one should conclude that the philosophy of science has ground to a halt, its problems exhausted and its practioners dispirited. In fact, in this post Kuhnian age the subject has never been more alive, as we work with enthusiasm on special topics, historical and conceptual. And no topic has grown and thrived quite like the philosophy of biology, which now has many students in the field producing high-quality articles and monographs. The success of this subject is due above all to the work and influence of one man: David Hull. In his own writings and in the support he has given to others, he has shown true leadership, in the best Platonic sense. It is now twenty years since Hull fnt gave his seminal paper 'What the philosophy of biology is not', and to mark that point and to show our respect, gratitude and affection to its author, a number of us who owe much to Hull decided to produce a volume of essays on and around themes to which Hull has spoken.

Toward a New Philosophy of Biology

Toward a New Philosophy of Biology
Author: Ernst Mayr
Publsiher: Harvard University Press
Total Pages: 564
Release: 1988
ISBN 10: 9780674896666
ISBN 13: 0674896661
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Toward a New Philosophy of Biology Book Review:

Provides a philosophical analysis of such biological concepts as natural selection, adaptation, speciation, and evolution

What the Philosophy of Biology Is

What the Philosophy of Biology Is
Author: M. Ruse
Publsiher: Springer Science & Business Media
Total Pages: 348
Release: 2012-12-06
ISBN 10: 9400911696
ISBN 13: 9789400911697
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

What the Philosophy of Biology Is Book Review:

Philosophers of science frequently bemoan (or cheer) the fact that today, with the supposed collapse of logical empiricism, there are now ;;10 grand systems. However, although this mayor may not be true, and if true mayor may not be a cause for delight, no one should conclude that the philosophy of science has ground to a halt, its problems exhausted and its practioners dispirited. In fact, in this post Kuhnian age the subject has never been more alive, as we work with enthusiasm on special topics, historical and conceptual. And no topic has grown and thrived quite like the philosophy of biology, which now has many students in the field producing high-quality articles and monographs. The success of this subject is due above all to the work and influence of one man: David Hull. In his own writings and in the support he has given to others, he has shown true leadership, in the best Platonic sense. It is now twenty years since Hull fnt gave his seminal paper 'What the philosophy of biology is not', and to mark that point and to show our respect, gratitude and affection to its author, a number of us who owe much to Hull decided to produce a volume of essays on and around themes to which Hull has spoken.

Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology

Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology
Author: Francisco J. Ayala,Robert Arp
Publsiher: John Wiley & Sons
Total Pages: 440
Release: 2009-11-19
ISBN 10: 9781444314939
ISBN 13: 1444314939
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology Book Review:

This collection of specially commissioned essays puts top scholarshead to head to debate the central issues in the lively and fastgrowing field of philosophy of biology Brings together original essays on ten of the most hotlydebated questions in philosophy of biology Lively head-to-head debate format sharply defines the issuesand paves the way for further discussion Includes coverage of the new and vital area of evolutionarydevelopmental biology, as well as the concept of a unified species,the role of genes in selection, the differences between micro- andmacro-evolution, and much more Each section features an introduction to the topic as well assuggestions for further reading Offers an accessible overview of this fast-growing and dynamicfield, whilst also capturing the imagination of professionalphilosophers and biologists

History And Philosophy Of Biology

History And Philosophy Of Biology
Author: Robert H Kretsinger
Publsiher: World Scientific Publishing Company
Total Pages: 364
Release: 2015-04-29
ISBN 10: 9814635065
ISBN 13: 9789814635066
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

History And Philosophy Of Biology Book Review:

History and Philosophy of Biology summarizes the major philosophical ideas that have attended the development of science in general and of biology in particular. The book then explores how the techniques and the concepts of the physical sciences have impacted biology. A reductionist approach to biology — anatomy, physiology, genetics — complements the study of evolution by natural selection and an ecological perspective. The final section of the book explores several examples of the influence of science on society, and of society on science.Each of 46 chapters of History and Philosophy of Biology has been or could be the topic of a major tome. The book is unique in that it explores the web of interactions among issues of philosophy, techniques and concepts of the physical sciences, fields of biology, and the diverse relationships between society and science.The book should appeal to readers of Scientific American or the New York Review of Books even if they are not trained biologists. It is a good text, or additional reading, for an advanced undergraduate course treating history and/or philosophy of biology or of science in general.

Sex and Death

Sex and Death
Author: Kim Sterelny,Paul E. Griffiths
Publsiher: University of Chicago Press
Total Pages: 456
Release: 2012-04-02
ISBN 10: 022617865X
ISBN 13: 9780226178653
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Sex and Death Book Review:

Is the history of life a series of accidents or a drama scripted by selfish genes? Is there an "essential" human nature, determined at birth or in a distant evolutionary past? What should we conserve—species, ecosystems, or something else? Informed answers to questions like these, critical to our understanding of ourselves and the world around us, require both a knowledge of biology and a philosophical framework within which to make sense of its findings. In this accessible introduction to philosophy of biology, Kim Sterelny and Paul E. Griffiths present both the science and the philosophical context necessary for a critical understanding of the most exciting debates shaping biology today. The authors, both of whom have published extensively in this field, describe the range of competing views—including their own—on these fascinating topics. With its clear explanations of both biological and philosophical concepts, Sex and Death will appeal not only to undergraduates, but also to the many general readers eager to think critically about the science of life.

Philosophy of Biology

Philosophy of Biology
Author: Samir Okasha
Publsiher: Oxford University Press, USA
Total Pages: 152
Release: 2019-11-07
ISBN 10: 019880699X
ISBN 13: 9780198806998
Language: EN, FR, DE, ES & NL

Philosophy of Biology Book Review:

Over the last forty years the philosophy of biology has emerged as an important sub-discipline of the philosophy of science. Covering some of science's most divisive topics, such as philosophical issues in genetics, it also encompasses areas where modern biology has increasingly impinged on traditional philosophical questions, such as free will, essentialism, and nature vs nurture. In this Very Short Introduction Samir Okasha outlines the core issues with which contemporary philosophy of biology is engaged. Offering a whistle-stop tour of the history of biology, he explores key ideas and paradigm shifts throughout the centuries, including areas such as the theory of evolution by natural selection; the concepts of function and design; biological individuality; and the debate over adaptationism. Throughout Okasha makes clear the relevance of biology for understanding human beings, human society, and our place in the natural world, and the importance of engaging with these issues. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.